Skip to main content Accessibility help
The Legal Protection of Databases
  • Cited by 28
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Buy the print book

Book description

Mark Davison examines several legal models designed to protect databases, considering in particular the EU Directive, the history of its adoption and its transposition into national laws. He compares the Directive with a range of American legislative proposals, as well as the principles of misappropriation that underpin them. In addition, the book also contains a commentary on the appropriateness of the various models in the context of moves for an international agreement on the topic. This book will be of interest to academics and practitioners, including those involved with databases and other forms of new media.


‘This text contains a wealth of information, is well written and uses a solid structure to analyse complex ideas and legislation in a way that is easy to follow … it will be an invaluable resource for those readers seeking an overview of developments in the protection of databases at a national and international level as well as for readers wanting an analysis on how such developments have been implemented.’

Source: Copyright Reporter

Refine List

Actions for selected content:

Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.


American Law Institute, Restatement of the Law, Third, Unfair Competition, 1995
Auinger, C., ‘Implementation of the Database Legislation in the EU and Plans for Review’, paper presented at a Workshop conducted by the ICSU, Baveno, 14 October 2000
Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, undated submission from the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission to the Attorney-General's Department re: the legal protection of databases. unpublished, on file with the author
Ayres, I. and Klemperer, P., ‘Limiting Patentee's Market Power without Reducing Innovation Incentives’ (1999) 97 Michigan Law Review985
Babe, R. (ed.), Communication and the Transformation of Economics: Essays in Information, Public Policy, and Political Economy (Westview Press, Boulder, CO, 1995)
Baird, D., ‘Common Law Intellectual Property and the Legacy of International News Service v. Associated Press’ (1983) 50 University of Chicago Law Review411
Band, J., Testimony of Jonathan Band on behalf of the Online Banking Association before the Subcommittee on Courts and Intellectual Property of the United States House of Representatives Committee on the Judiciary on the 1999 Bill
Bittlingmayer, G., ‘The Antitrust Vision Thing: How Did Bush Measure Up?’ (2000) 45 The Antitrust Bulletin291
Boulding, K., Notes on the Information Concept (Toronto, Exploration Press)
Boyle, J., ‘A Politics of Intellectual Property: Environmentalism for the Net’ (1997) 47 Duke Law Journal87
Braman, S., ‘Defining Information: An Approach for Policy Makers’ (1989) 13 Telecommunications Policy233–42
Brown, L. (ed.), The New Shorter Oxford Dictionary (4th edn, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1998)
Chalton, S., ‘The Copyright and Rights in Databases Regulations 1997: Some Outstanding Issues on Implementation of the Database Directive’ (1998) 20 European Intellectual Property Review178
Clark, C., ‘Net Law: A Cyberspace Agenda for Publishers’, paper prepared for the UK Publishers Association and the Federation of European Publishers, available at, 11 October 1999 (Publishers’ Association, London, 1999)
Clauss, R., ‘The French Law of Disloyal Competition’ (1995) 11 European Intellectual Property Review550
Coase, R., ‘The Problem of Social Cost’ (1960) 3 Journal of Law and Economics1
Cobb, R., ‘The Database Fightback’, Marketing, 18 February 1993
Colston, C., ‘Sui Generis Database Right: Ripe for Review?’ 2001 (3) Journal of Information, Law and Technology
Committee of the Judiciary, US Congress, Report of the Judiciary Committee on the Collections of Information Antipiracy Act, 30 September 1999
Cooter, R. and T. Ulen, Law and Economics (Scott, Forseman and Co., Glenview, 1986)
Cornish, W., ‘1996 European Community Directive on Databases’ (1996) 21 Columbia-VLA Journal of Law and the Arts1
D'Amato, A. and D. Long (eds.), International Intellectual Property Law (Kluwer, Amsterdam, 1997)
Date, C., An Introduction to Database Systems (6th edn, Addison-Wesley, Reading, 1994)
Davison, M. and K. Akers, Survey of Australian Medical Researchers’ Usage of and Contributions to Databases (2000) On file with the author
Dietz, A., International Copyright Law and Practice (Matthew Bender, New York, 1999)
Drahos, P., A Philosophy of Intellectual Property (Dartmouth, Aldershot, 1996)
Dreier, L. and Karnall, G., ‘Originality of the Copyright Work: A European Perspective’ (1992) 39 Journal of the Copyright Society USA289
Dworkin, G., ‘Originality in the Law of Copyright’ (1962) 11 ASCAP Copyright Law Symposium60
Ehrlich, I. and Posner, R., ‘An Economic Analysis of Legal Rulemaking’ (1974) 3 Journal of Legal Studies257
Ellickson, R., Order Without Law: How Neighbors Settle Disputes (Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, 1991)
Ellickson, R. ‘Social Norms, Social Meaning, and the Economic Analysis of Law’ (1998) 27 Journal of Legal Studies537
European Union, ‘Institutions of the European Union’ at
European Union, Common Position Regarding the Proposal for a Council Directive on the Legal protection of Databases OJ C 288 30.10.1995
European Union, EC Green Paper on Copyright and the Challenge of Technology Doc ref. COM (88) 172 Final
European Union, Explanatory Memorandum to the Proposal for a Council Directive on the legal protection of databases COM (92) 24 final – SYN 393, Brussels, 13 May, 1992
European Union, Opinion on the Proposal for a Council Directive on the Legal Protection of Databases of the Economic and Social Committee, 93/C/19/02
European Union, Opinion on the Proposal for a Council Directive on the Legal Protection of Databases of the Economic and Social Committee, 93/C/19/02
European Union, Proposal for a Council Directive on the legal protection of databases COM(92) 24 final – SYN 393 Brussels, 13 May, 1992
Fitzgerald, D., ‘Magill Revisited’ (1998) 20 European Intellectual Property Review154
Franzosi, M., ‘The Legal Protection of Industrial Design: Unfair Competition as a Basis of Protection’ (1990) 5 European Intellectual Property Review154
Gans, J., P. Williams and D. Briggs, ‘Clarifying the Relationship Between Intellectual Property Rights and Competition’, report prepared on behalf of the National Copyright Industry Alliance for submission to the Review of Intellectual Property and Competition, February 2001, available at
Garner, B., A Dictionary of Modern Legal Usage (2nd edn, Oxford University Press, New York, 1995)
Gaster, J., ‘European Sui Generis Right for Databases’ (2001) 3 Computer Und Recht International74
Gimeno, L., ‘News Section: National Reports’ (1996) 2 European Intellectual Property ReviewD-49
Gimeno, L. ‘Protection of Compilations in Spain and the UK’ (1998) 29 IIC907
Ginsburg, J., ‘Copyright without Borders? Choice of Forum and Choice of Law for Copyright Infringement in Cyberspace’ (1997) 15 Cardozo Arts and Entertainment Law Journal153
Ginsburg, J. ‘No “Sweat” Copyright and Other Protection of Works of Information after Feist v. Rural Telephone’ [1992] Columbia Law Review338
Goldstein, P., International Copyright: Principles, Law and Practice (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2001)
Habermas, J., The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: An Inquiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society trans. T. Berger (MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1989)
Haywood, T., Info-Rich – Info-Poor: Access and Exchange in the Global Information Society (Bowker Saw, West Sussex, 1995)
Heller, M., ‘The Tragedy of the Anticommons: Property in the Transition from Marx to Markets’ (1998) 111 Harvard Law Review621
Hertz-Eichenrode, C., ‘Germany’ in D. Campbell (ed.), World Intellectual Property Rights and Remedies (Oceana Publications, New York, 1999)
Hugenholtz, B., ‘Copyright and Databases, Report on the Netherlands’ in M. Dellebeke (ed.), Copyright in Cyberspace, ALAI Study Days 1996 (Otto Cramwinckel, Amsterdam, 1997), p. 491
Hugenholtz, B. ‘Electronic Rights and Wrongs in Germany and the Netherlands’ (1998) 22 Columbia Journal of Law and the Arts151
Hugenholtz, B. ‘The New Database Right: Early Case Law from Europe’, paper presented to the Ninth Annual Conference on International Intellectual Property Law and Policy, New York 19–20 April 2001
Jacobacci, G., ‘Italian Trademark Law and Practice and the Protection of Product and Packaging’ (1983) 74 Trade Mark Reporter418
Jones, B., SLEEPERS, WAKE: Technology and the Future of Work (Oxford University Press, Sydney, 1982)
Jones, N., ‘Euro-Defences: Magill Distinguished’ (1998) 20 European Intellectual Property Review352
Kamperman Sanders, A., Unfair Competition Law: The Protection of Intellectual and Industrial Creativity (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1997)
Kaplow, L., ‘Rules versus Standards: An Economic Analysis’ (1992) 42 Duke Law Journal557
Katzenberger, P., ‘Copyright Law and Data Banks’ (1990) 21 IIC310
Keohane, P. and E. Ostrom (eds.), Local Commons and Global Interdependence: Heterogeneity and Cooperation in Two Domains (Sage Publications, London, 1995)
Kirk, M., Statement of Michael Kirk, Executive Director, American Intellectual Property Law Association to Subcommittee on Intellectual Property and the Courts of the Committee on the Judiciary, 18 March 1999
Lai, S., ‘Database Protection in the United Kingdom: The New Deal and its Effects on Software Protection’ (1998) 20 European Intellectual Property Review32
Lamberton, D. (ed.), The Economics of Communication and Information (Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, 1996)
Landes, W. and Posner, R., ‘An Economic Analysis of Copyright Law’ (1989) 18 Journal of Legal Studies325
Landes, W. and R. Posner ‘Citations, Age, Fame and the Web’ (2000) 29 Journal of Legal Studies319
Landes, W. and R. Posner ‘The Economics of Trademark Law’ (1988) 78 The Trademarks Reporter267
Lederberg, J., Statement of Joshua Lederberg before the Subcommittee on Courts and Intellectual Property of the Judiciary Committee concerning the 1999 Bill, 18 March 1999
Leistner, M., ‘The Legal Protection of Telephone Directories Relating to the New Database Maker's Right’ (2000) 31 IIC950
Limpberg, K., ‘Netherlands’, in D. Campbell (ed.), World Intellectual Property Rights and Remedies (Oceana Publications, New York, 1999)
Lucas, A. and A. Plaisant, ‘France’ in M. B. Nimmer and P. E. Geller, International Copyright Law and Practice (Matthew Bender, New York, 1999)
Machlup, F., An Economic Review of the Patent System (United States Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1958)
Maurer, S., ‘Across Two Worlds: Database Protection in the US and Europe’, paper prepared for Industry Canada's Conference on Intellectual Property and Innovation in the Knowledge-Based Economy, 23–24 May 2001
Maurer, S., Hugenholtz, B. and Onsrud, H., ‘Europe's Database Experiment’ (2001) 294 Science's Compass789–90
Mehrings, J., ‘Wettbewerbsrechtlicher Schutz von Online-Dataenbanken’ [1990] Computer und Recht305, 307
Merges, R., ‘Contracting into Liability Rules: Intellectual Property Rights and Collective Rights Organizations’ (1996) 84 California Law Review1293
Merges, R. ‘Of Property Rules, Coase, and Intellectual Property’ (1994) 94 Columbia Law Review2655
Monotti, A., ‘The Extent of Copyright Protection For Compilations of Artistic Works’ (1993) 15 European Intellectual Property Review156
National Academy of Sciences, A Question of Balance: Private Rights and the Public Interest in Scientific and Technical Databases (National Academy Press, Washington DC, 1999)
National Research Council, Bits of Power: Issues in Global Access to Scientific Data (National Academy Press, Washington DC, 1997)
Nimmer, M. and D. Nimmer, Nimmer on Copyright (Lexis, New York, 1963)
Oosterbaan, O., ‘Database Protection in the EU and the US Compared: A High-Tech Game of Chicken?’ (2002) available at
Ostrom, E., Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action (Cambridge University Press, New York, 1990)
Pass, C. and B. Lowes, Collins Dictionary of Economics (2nd edn, Harper Collins, Glasgow, 1988)
Peters, M., Statement of Marybeth Peters, Register of Copyrights, before the House Subcommittee on Courts and Intellectual Property on HR 354, 106th Congress, 1st Session, 18 March 1997
Phelps, C., Statement of Charles Phelps on behalf of the Association of American Universities, the American Council on Education and the National Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges to the Subcommittee on Courts and Intellectual Property of the Judiciary Committee concerning HR 354, 18 March 1999
Pincus, A., Statement of Andrew Pincus, General Counsel, US Department of Commerce before the Subcommittee on Courts and Intellectual Property of the Judiciary Committee concerning the 1999 Bill, 18 March 1999
Posner, E., ‘Law, Economics and Inefficient Norms’ (1996) 144 University of Pennsylvania Law Review1697
Posner, R., Economic Analysis of Law (4th edn, Little, Brown and Co., Boston, MA, 1992)
Rai, A., ‘Regulating Scientific Research: Intellectual Property Rights and the Norms of Science’ (1999) 94 Northwestern Law Review77
Raubenheimer, A., ‘Germany: Recent Decisions on Database Protection Under Copyright Law and Unfair Competition Rules’ (1996) 1 Communications Law123
Raue, P. and Bensinger, V., ‘Implementation of the Sui Generis Right in Databases Pursuant to Section 87 et seq. of the German Copyright Act’ (1998) 3 Communications Law220
Rees, C. and Chalton, S., Database Law (Bristol, Jordans, 1998)
Reichman, J. and Franklin, J., ‘Privately Legislated Intellectual Property Rights: Reconciling Freedom of Contract with Public Good Uses of Information’ (1999) 147 University of Pennsylvania Law Review875
Reichman, J. and Samuelson, P., ‘Intellectual Property Rights in Data’ (1997) 50 Vanderbilt Law Review51
Ricketson, S., The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works: 1886–1986 (Centre for Commercial Law Studies, Queen Mary College, University of London, London, 1987)
Ricketson, S. The Law of Intellectual Property: Copyright, Designs and Confidential Information (LBC Information Services, Sydney, 1999)
Robins, D., ‘Will Massachusetts Adopt the Misappropriation Doctrine?’ (1999) 43 Boston Bar Association Boston Bar Journal4
Sease, E., ‘Misappropriation is Seventy-five Years Old; Should We Bury it or Revive it’ (1994) 70 North Dakota Law Review781
Sherman, B., ‘Digital Property and the Digital Commons’ in C. Heath and A. K. Sanders (eds.), Intellectual Property in the Digital Age: Challenges for Asia (Kluwer, London, 2001)
Shughart Ⅱ, W., ‘The Fleeting Reagan Antitrust Revolution’ (2000) 95 The Antitrust Bulletin271
Steckler, B., ‘Unfair Trade Practices under German Law: Slavish Imitation of Commercial and Industrial Activities’ (1996) 7 European Intellectual Property Review390
Sterling, J., World Copyright Law (Sweet and Maxwell, London, 1998)
Strowel, A., N. Dutihh and J. Gorbet, ‘Belgium’ in D. Nimmer and P. E. Geller (eds.), International Copyright Law and Practice (Matthew Bender, New York, 1999)
Thomson Corporation, Annual Report of 1998, Annual Report of 1999
Tyson, L. and E. Sherry, ‘Statutory Protection for Databases: Economic & Public Policy Issues’, paper prepared on behalf of the Information Industry Association and presented to the Committee on the Judiciary, 23 October 1997
UK Copyright Directorate, ‘The Government's Proposals to Implement the Directive of the European Parliament and the Council on the legal protection of databases: Outcome of Consultations’ on file with the author
UK Copyright Directorate, The Patent Office, ‘A Consultative Paper on United Kingdom Implementation: Directive 96/9/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 11 March 1996 on the Legal Protection of Databases’
UK Library Association Copyright Alliance, ‘Interpretation of terms in the Database Regulations: Supplement to a Position Paper Submitted to the Database Market Strategy Group in 1999’ (2000) on file with the author
UK Office for National Statistics, Annual Abstract of Statistics No. 135, 1999 (UK Office for National Statistics, London, 1999)
UNESCO, World Science Report 1998 (UNESCO, Paris, 1998)
US Bureau of Statistics, Statistical Abstract of the United States (Bureau of Statistics, Washington DC, 1998)
US Copyright Office, Report on Legal Protection for Databases, August 1997, available at
US Department of Energy, Human Genome Project Information at
Webster, F., Theories of the Information Society (Routledge, London, 1995)
Williams, M., ‘The State of Databases Today: 1998’, Gale Directory of Databases
Winokur, M., Written Statement of Marilyn Winokur, Executive Vice-President of Micromedex on behalf of the Coalition Against Database Piracy (CADP) on the 1999 Bill to the Subcommittee on Courts and Intellectual Property of the Judiciary Committee, 18 March 1999
WMO, ‘Exchanging Meteorological Data: Guidelines on Relationships in Commercial Meteorological Activities: WMO Policy and Practice’, publication no. 837 (WMO, Geneva)
Wolters Kluwer, Annual Report of 1998
Zillman, J., ‘Atmospheric Science and Public Policy’ (1997) 276 Science1084


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Book summary page views

Total views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between #date#. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.