Skip to main content
×
×
Home
Losing Pravda
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Recommend this book

    Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

    Losing Pravda
    • Online ISBN: 9781316817117
    • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781316817117
    Please enter your name
    Please enter a valid email address
    Who would you like to send this to *
    ×
  • Buy the print book

Book description

What happens when journalism is made superfluous? Combining ethnography, media analysis, moral and political theory this book examines the unravelling of professional journalism in Russia over the past twenty-five years, and its effects on society. It argues that, contrary to widespread assumptions, late Soviet-era journalists shared a cultural contract with their audiences, which ensured that their work was guided by a truth-telling ethic. Post-communist economic and political upheaval led not so much to greater press freedom as to the de-professionalization of journalism, as journalists found themselves having to monetize their truth-seeking skills. This has culminated in a perception of journalists as political prostitutes, or members of the 'second oldest profession', as they are commonly termed in Russia. Roudakova argues that this cultural shift has fundamentally eroded the value of truth-seeking and telling in Russian society.

Reviews

‘Natalia Roudakova brings deep ethnographic research, fluency in social theory, and an engaged ethical sense for the deep urgency of journalism to this thoughtful and essential book. Her account of the surprising career of Russian journalism - from its fall from grace as a moral outlet under the Soviets to its ‘prostitution' in a time of oligarchs, big money, and ‘kompromat' - offers not only a sparkling case study but a vision of the high societal stakes of journalism more generally. Losing Pravda presents us with an uncannily familiar media environment. The conditions that Roudakova analyses, such as fake news, sponsored content, swirling rumors and cynicism, punctuated here and there by the courageous few committed to telling the truth, are not unique to Russia. In a way, Roudakova has helped us understand not only the Russian scene, but also our own in the age of Donald J. Trump.'

John D. Peters - University of Iowa

Refine List
Actions for selected content:
Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive
  • Send content to

    To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to .

    To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

    Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

    Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

    Please be advised that item(s) you selected are not available.
    You are about to send
    ×

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
×
Abbott A. (1988). The system of professions: An essay on the division of expert labor. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Abercrombie N., and Longhurst B. (1998). Audiences: A sociological theory of performance and imagination. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
Abrams P. (1982). Historical sociology. Somerset, UK: Open Books.
Agranovsky A. (1968). Sut dela: zametki pisatelia [The core of the matter: a writer’s notes]. Moscow: Izdatel’stvo politicheskoi literatury.
Agranovsky V. ([1978] 1999). Vtoraya drevneishaya: besedy o zhurnalistike [Second oldest profession: conversations about journalism]. Moscow: Vagrius. Available at http://lib.ru/NEWPROZA/AGRANOWSKIJ_W/agran_01.txt (accessed February 5, 2017).
Akunin B. (2012). F.A.Q. Available at http://borisakunin.livejournal.com/71491.html (accessed February 2, 2015).
Albuquerque A., and Silva M. (2009). Skilled, loyal, and disciplined: Communist journalists and the adaptation of the model of the American model of “independent journalism” in Brazil. International Journal of Press/Politics, 14(3), pp. 376395.
Aleksandrov A. (2009). Prozhektor postmoderna. Available at www.kommersant.ru/doc/1234968 (accessed February 2, 2015).
Alexander J. (1981). Mass news media in systemic, historical, and comparative perspective. In Katz E. and Szecsko T. (eds.), Mass media and social change (pp. 1751). London: SAGE.
Allan S., and Thorsen E. (2009). Citizen journalism: Global perspectives. New York: Peter Lang.
Allen D. (2008). The trouble with transparency: The challenge of doing journalism ethics in a surveillance society. Journalism Studies, 9(3), pp. 323340.
Allen L. (2013). The rise and fall of human rights: Cynicism and politics in occupied Palestine. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.
Allenova O. (2011). Otvet Ashotu Gabrelianovu. Available at www.snob.ru/profile/24751/blog/44448 (accessed December 17, 2011).
American Anthropological Association (AAA). (1986). Principles of professional responsibility. Available at www.americananthro.org/ParticipateAndAdvocate/Content.aspx?ItemNumber=1656 (accessed February 5, 2017).
Andrejevic M. (2008). Power, knowledge, and governance: Foucault’s relevance to journalism studies. Journalism Studies, 9(4), pp. 605614.
Arendt H. (1951). The origins of totalitarianism. New York: Harcourt.
Arendt H. (1958). The human condition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Arendt H. (1963). Eichmann in Jerusalem: A report on the banality of evil. New York: Viking Press.
Arendt H. (1968). Men in dark times. New York: Harcourt.
Arendt H. (1971). Thinking and moral considerations: A lecture. Social Research, 38(3), pp. 417446.
Arendt H. (1972). Lying in Politics. In Crises of the Republic (pp. 332). New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
Arendt H. (2000). Truth and politics. In Baehr P. (ed.), The portable Hannah Arendt (pp. 545575). New York: Penguin Books.
Arendt H. (2003). Responsibility and judgment. New York: Schocken Books.
Arendt H. (2005). The promise of politics. New York: Schocken Books.
Arkhangelsky A. (2011). Kholuyovo – uzhe glagol. Available at www.novayagazeta.ru/comments/50278.html (accessed February 15, 2016).
Arkhangelsky A. (2013). Novyi Sorokin: Stantsiya Raspadskaya. Available at www.colta.ru/articles/literature/785 (accessed February 15, 2016).
Arkhangelsky A. (2015). God zloradstva. Available at https://slon.ru/posts/61551 (accessed June 8, 2016).
Asad T. (2003). Formations of the secular: Christianity, Islam, modernity. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.
Asen R. (2013). Deliberation and trust. Argumentation and Advocacy, 50(3), pp. 217.
Asinovsky A. (2011). Nashi liudi postoyanno nedogovarivayut. Available at www.kommersant.ru/doc/1577180 (accessed February 7, 2011).
Aucoin J. (2001). Epistemic responsibility and narrative theory: The literary journalism of Ryszard Kapuscinski. Journalism, 2(1), pp. 521.
Austin J. L. (1962). How to do things with words. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press.
Auzan A. (2011). Institutsionalnaya ekonomika dlia chainikov. Moscow: Esquire.
Azhgikhina N. (2004). Slukhi o konchine ocherka yavno preuvelicheny. Zhurnalist, 12, pp. 9496.
Azhgikhina N. (2005). Posle nostalgii. Zhurnalist, 4, pp. 5860.
Azhgikhina N. (2007). The struggle for press freedom in Russia: Reflections of a Russian journalist. Europe-Asia Studies, 59(8), pp. 12451262.
Bacon W. (2006). Journalism as research? Australian Journalism Review, 28(2), pp. 147157.
Baker C. (2002). Media, markets, and democracy. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Bakhtin M. (1984). Rabelais and his world. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Balcytiene A. (2008). Changing journalistic discourses in the Baltic states: How to deal with cheap journalism. In Jakubowicz K. and Sukosd M. (eds.), Finding the right place on the map: Central and East European media change in a global perspective (pp. 213226). Chicago: IntellectBooks.
Baronova M. (2012). Pro politiku i obychnuyu zhizn. Available at http://ponny1.livejournal.com/705545.html (accessed February 2, 2015).
Barry A., Osborne T., and Rose N. (1996). Foucault and political reason: Liberalism, neo-liberalism, and rationalities of government. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Barry E. (2011). A changed Russia arches an eyebrow at Putin’s staged antics. Available at www.nytimes.com/2011/10/06/world/europe/putins-diving-exploit-was-a-setup-aide-says.html (accessed June 8, 2016).
Bauer R. (1952). The new man in Soviet psychology. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Bauer R. (1956). How the Soviet system works: Cultural, psychological, and social themes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Bazarova M. (2009). Pirozhnye dlia Sergeya Svetlakova: Reportazh so syomok “Prozhektorperishilton.” Available at www.chaskor.ru/article/pirozhnye_dlya_sergeya_svetlakova_11887 (accessed October 31, 2009).
Belkovsky S. (2011). Istoria Khodorkovskogo sidit v moyom serdtse zanozoi. Available at www.kommersant.ru/Doc/1653529 (accessed February 2, 2015).
Bennett W. (1990). Toward a theory of press state relations in the U.S. Journal of Communication, 40, pp. 103125.
Bennett W., Lawrence R., and Livingston S. (2007). When the press fails: Political power and the news media from Iraq to Katrina. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Benyumov K. (2012). Pered rasstrelom napoit’ chaem: Na NTV debutirovalo parodiinoe sketch-shou pro Putina. Available at http://lenta.ru/articles/2013/03/05/teleputin/ (accessed March 5, 2012).
Bergman J. (1989). The memoirs of Soviet defectors: Are they a reliable source about the Soviet Union? Canadian Slavonic Papers, 31(1), pp. 124.
Berman H. (1948). The challenge of Soviet law. Harvard Law Review, 62(2), pp. 220265.
Bershidsky L. (2012a). Naivnye liudi. Available at www.snob.ru/selected/entry/52231 (accessed February 2, 2015).
Bershidsky L. (2012b). Pochemu idiotskie ogranichenia svobody i ne strashny, i ne smeshny. Available at www.snob.ru/selected/entry/50774 (accessed February 2, 2015).
Bikbov A. (2012). Sekretnyi ingredient obshchestvennogo dvizhenia. Available at http://slon.ru/russia/sekretnyy_ingredient_obshchestvennogo_dvizheniya-762240.xhtml (accessed February 2, 2015).
Bird E. (ed.). (2009). The anthropology of news and journalism: Global perspectives. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Bittner S. (2008). The many lives of Khrushchev’s thaw: Experience and memory in Moscow’s Arbat. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Bogdanov V., and Zassoursky Y. (1998). Vlast, zerkalo ili sluzhanka? Entsiklopedia zhizni sovremennoi rossiiskoi zhurnalistiki. Moscow: Russian Union of Journalists.
Bogdanova E. (2005). Sovetskaya traditsia pravovoi zashchity, ili v ozhidanii zaboty. Neprikosnovennyi zapas, 1(39), pp. 7683.
Boggs C. (2000). The end of politics: Corporate power and the decline of the public sphere. New York: Guilford Press.
Boim L. (1974). “Ombudsmanship” in the Soviet Union. American Journal of Comparative Law, 22(3), pp. 509540.
Boobbyer P. (2000). Truth-telling, conscience and dissent in late Soviet Russia: Evidence from oral histories. European History Quarterly, 30(4), pp. 553585.
Boobbyer P. (2005). Conscience, dissent and reform in Soviet Russia. London: Routledge.
Borodina A. (2014). Strana Putina i serialov. Available at http://lenta.ru/articles/2014/03/14/tvanthology (accessed February 15, 2016).
Borodina A. (2015). Chelovek iz televizora. Available at http://echo.msk.ru/programs/persontv/1479492-echo/ (accessed February 15, 2016).
Boudana S. (2010). On the values guiding the French practice of journalism: Interviews with thirteen war correspondents. Journalism, 11(3), pp. 293310.
Boyakov E. (2012). Segodniashnii lozung – zhit’ ne po lzhi. Available at http://interviewrussia.ru/life/977 (accessed June 26, 2012).
Boyer D. (2003). Censorship as a vocation: The institutions, practices, and cultural logic of media control in the German Democratic Republic. Comparative Studies in Society and History, 45, pp. 511545.
Boyer D. (2005). Spirit and system: Media, intellectuals, and the dialectic in modern German culture. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Boyer D. (2006). Gender and the solvency of professionalism: Eastern German journalism before and after 1989. East European Politics and Societies, 20(1), pp. 152179.
Boyer D., and Hannerz U. (2006). Worlds of journalism. Ethnography, 7(1), pp. 517.
Boyer D., and Yurchak A. (2010). American stiob: Or what late socialist aesthetics of parody reveal about contemporary political culture in the West. Cultural Anthropology, 25(2), pp. 179221.
Boym S. (1994). Common places: Mythologies of everyday life in Russia. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Boym S. (2002). Kak sdelana sovetskaya sub’ektivnost. Ab Imperio, 3, pp. 285296.
Brooks J. (1989). Public and private values in the Soviet press, 1921–1928. Slavic Review, 48(1), pp. 1635.
Brooks J. (2000). Thank you, comrade Stalin! Soviet public culture from Revolution to Cold War. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Brown W. (2010). We are all democrats now. Theory and Event, 13(2), available online at http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/theory_and_event/v013/13.2.brown01.html.
Brown W. (2015). Undoing the demos: Neoliberalism’s stealth revolution. Boston: MIT Press.
Bruns A. (2005). Gatewatching: Collaborative online news production. New York: Peter Lang.
Bunin I. (2012). Rossisky kommunitas. Available at www.vedomosti.ru/opinion/articles/2012/02/20/rossijskij_kommunitas (accessed April 10, 2017).
Burbank J. (1995). Lenin and the law in revolutionary Russia. Slavic Review, 54(1), pp. 2344.
Butler J. (2001). What is critique? An essay on Foucault’s virtue. Available at http://eipcp.net/transversal/0806/butler/en (accessed February 22, 2016).
Bykhovskaya P. (2011). Ya – surkovskaya propaganda. Available at www.openspace.ru/media/air/details/32483/ (accessed December 6, 2011).
Bykhovskaya P. (2012). My delayem zhestkuyu zheltukhu. Available at www.openspace.ru/media/air/details/35212 (accessed March 19, 2012).
Bykov D. (2014). Tak dalshe nelzya. Available at www.profile.ru/pryamayarech/item/81057-ulitsa-petkova (accessed February 15, 2016).
Capella J., and Jamieson K. (1997). Spiral of cynicism: The press and the public good. New York: Oxford University Press.
Carey J. W. (1989). Communication as culture: Essays on media and society. Boston: Unwin Hyman.
Carlyle T. (1849). On heroes, hero-worship, and the heroic in history. New York: Wiley.
Carr D. (2013). War on leaks is pitting journalist vs. journalist. Available at www.nytimes.com/2013/08/26/business/media/war-on-leaks-is-pitting-journalist-vs-journalist.html (accessed August 26, 2013).
Cassin B. (ed.). (2014). Translation/transnation: Dictionary of untranslatables. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Cater D. (1959). The fourth branch of government. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
Cavell S. (1979). The claim of reason: Wittgenstein, skepticism, morality, and tragedy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Cavell S. (1995). What did Derrida want of Austin? In Philosophical passages: Wittgenstein, Emerson, Austin, Derrida (pp. 4265). Cambridge, MA: Blackwell.
Cavell S. (2005). Performative and passionate utterance. In Philosophy the day after tomorrow (pp. 155191). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Center for Political Information (CPI). (2001). Media-killers. Available at www.fsk.ru/jan/obozr/mediakiller.htm (accessed June 16, 2009).
Chalaby J. (1996). Journalism as an Anglo-American invention. European Journal of Communication, 11(3), pp. 303326.
Challenger D. (1994). Durkheim through the lens of Aristotle. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
Chaloupka W. (1999). Everybody knows: Cynicism in America. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Channel One. (2014). Zhurnalisty Pervogo otvechayut na obvinenia vo lzhi v sviazi s syuzhetom pro ubiistvo rebenka v Slavianske. Available at www.1tv.ru/news/about/274369 (accessed July 2, 2015).
Chatterjee C., and Petrone K. (2008). Models of Selfhood and Subjectivity: The Soviet case in historical perspective. Slavic Review, 67(4), pp. 967986.
Cherkasov I., Kabanov K., Bom M., and Bychkova O. (2012). Skandal vokrug spiska Magnitskogo. Available at www.echo.msk.ru/programs/magazine/904433-echo/ (accessed July 1, 2012).
Christians C. G. (2009). Normative theories of the media: Journalism in democratic societies. Urbana-Champaign: University of Illinois Press.
Chudinova K. (2012). Vy s nimi? Available at www.snob.ru/profile/8103/blog/46773 (accessed February 2, 2015).
Coe S. (1996). Struggles for authority in the NEP village: The early rural correspondents movement, 1923–1927. Europe-Asia Studies, 48(7), pp. 11511171.
Colebrook C. (2004). Irony. London: Routledge.
Collier S. (2011). Post-Soviet social: Neoliberalism, social modernity, biopolitics. Princeton N.J.: Princeton University Press.
Conquest R. (1968). The great terror: Stalin’s purge of the thirties. New York: Macmillan.
Cook T. (1998). Governing with the news: The news media as a political institution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Couldry N. (2003). Media rituals: A critical approach. London: Routledge.
Couldry N. (2012). Media, society, world: Social theory and digital media practice. Malden, MA: Polity.
Couldry N., Pinchevski A., and Madianou M. (2013). Ethics of media. Eastbourne, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
Crouch C. (2004). Post-democracy. Malden, MA: Polity.
Crowley D., and Reid S. E. (2010). Pleasures in socialism: Leisure and luxury in the Eastern Bloc. Evanston, IL.: Northwestern University Press.
Curran J. (2011). Media and democracy. New York: Routledge.
Curry J. (1990). Poland’s journalists: Professionalism and politics. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Daly C. (2012). Covering America: A narrative history of a nation’s journalism. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press.
Dayan D., and Katz E. (1992). Media events: The live broadcasting of history. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
de Sola Pool I. (1973). Communication in totalitarian societies. In de Sola Pool I., Schramm W., Maccoby N., and Parker E. (eds.), Handbook of communication. Chicago: Rand McNally.
Deleuze G. (1990). The logic of sense. New York: Columbia University Press.
Dikov S. (2011a). EleVidenie-2. Availabe at http://onreal.livejournal.com/30569.html (accessed February 15, 2016).
Dikov S. (2011b). Kak rabotaet programma Malakhova “Pust’ govoriat.” Available at http://onreal.livejournal.com/30418.html (accessed February 15, 2016).
Dondurei D. (2011). Pochemu khoroshie liudi sovershayut plokhie postupki. Available at http://echo.msk.ru/programs/exit/801642-echo/ (accessed June 9, 2016).
Dondurei D. (2012). Proizvodstvo mirovozzrencheskogo musora. Available at www.diletant.ru/journal/327/article_24138/ (accessed June 9, 2016).
Dondurei D. (2016). Smysloviki mogushchestvennee politikov. Available at www.vedomosti.ru/opinion/articles/2016/06/08/644510-smisloviki-moguschestvennee-politikov (accessed June 9, 2016).
Druzenko A., Karapetian G., and Plutnik A. (2007). S zhurnalistikoi pokoncheno, zabud’te! O druzhyakh-tovarishchakh, drame Izvestii i raspade professii. Moscow: Zebra E.
Dubin B. (2005). Media postsovetskoi epokhi. Vestnik obshchestvennogo mnenia, 76(2), pp. 2229. Available online at www.levada.ru/sites/default/files/vom_2005.276.pdf.
Dubin B. (2006a). Obshchestvo: Soyuz telezritelei. Available at www.vedomosti.ru/newspaper/article/2006/05/29/107219 (accessed February 15, 2016).
Dubin B. (2006b). Simuliativnaya vlast i zeremonial’naya politika: O politicheskoi kulture sovremennoi Rossii. Vestnik obshchestvennogo mnenia, 81(1), pp. 1425. Available online at http://ecsocman.hse.ru/data/542/971/1219/03_dubin_14–25.pdf.
Dubin B. (2011). Mass media, vlast, i kollektivnyi obraz sotsiuma. Available at www.svobodanews.ru/content/transcript/24183363.html (accessed February 15, 2016).
Dudkina Y. (2014). Otez na syna. Kak rossiiskie semyi peressorilis iz-za Kryma. Available at http://medialeaks.ru/features/2512jd-kuhonnyie-voynyi (accessed February 1, 2015).
Dunn E. C. (2004). Privatizing Poland: Baby food, big business, and the remaking of labor. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Durkheim E. (1915). The elementary forms of religious life. London: Allen & Unwin.
Durkheim E. (1961). Moral education: A study in the theory and application of the sociology of education. New York: Free Press of Glencoe.
Durkheim E. (1973). On morality and society: Selected writings. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Dzirkals L., Gustafson T., and Johnson A.(1982). The media and intra-elite communication in the USSR. Santa Monica, CA: Rand Corporation.
Engelstein L. (1993). Combined underdevelopment: Discipline and the law in Imperial and Soviet Russia. American Historical Review, 98(2), pp. 338353.
Engelstein L., and Sandler S. (2000). Self and story in Russian history. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Engerman D. C. (2009). Know your enemy: The rise and fall of America’s Soviet experts. New York: Oxford University Press.
Entman R. (2003). Cascading activation: Contesting the White House’s frame after 9/11. Political Communication, 20(4), pp. 415432.
Epstein M. (2012). Yazyk lukavogo raba. Available at www.russ.ru/Mirovaya-povestka/YAzyk-lukavogo-raba (accessed February 15, 2016).
Erikson E. (1954). Wholeness and totality: A psychiatric contribution. In Friedrich C. (ed.), Totalitarianism (pp. 156171). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Erjaevic K., and Kovacic M. (2010). Relations with the media: Who are the main actors in an advertorial production process in Slovenia? Journalism, 11(1), pp. 91109.
Ess C., and Thorseth M. (2011). Trust and virtual worlds: Contemporary perspectives. New York: Peter Lang.
Etkind A. (2005). Soviet subjectivity: Torture for the sake of salvation? Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History, 6(1), pp. 171186.
Ettema J. (1990). Press rites and race relations: A study of mass-mediated ritual. Critical Studies in Media Communication, 7(4), pp. 309331.
Ettema J. (2005). Crafting cultural resonance: Imaginative power in everyday journalism. Journalism, 6(2), pp. 131152.
Ettema J. (2009). The moment of truthiness: The right time to consider the meaning of truthfulness. In Zelizer B. (ed.), The changing faces of journalism: Tabloidization, technology and truthiness (pp. 114126). London: Routledge.
Ettema J., and Glasser T. (1994). The irony in – and of – journalism: A case study in the moral language of liberal democracy. Journal of Communication, 44(2), pp. 528.
Ettema J., and Glasser T. (1998). Custodians of conscience: Investigative journalism and public virtue. New York: Columbia University Press.
Faibisovich I. (2012). Ona prosto zashla pozavtrakat. Available at www.snob.ru/profile/11632/print/52227 (accessed February 2, 2015).
Fainsod M. (1953). How Russia is ruled. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Faraday G. (2000). Revolt of the filmmakers: The struggle for artistic autonomy and the fall of the Soviet film industry: Philadelphia: Penn State University Press.
Fedotov M. (2002). Pravovye osnovy zhunralistiki. Moscow: Vlados.
Fenko A. (2012). Vam na Zapad ili nalevo? Available at www.openspace.ru/article/561 (accessed February 15, 2016).
Ferguson J. (2006). Global shadows: Africa in the neoliberal world order. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Firsov B. (2008). Raznomyslie v SSSR, 1940–1960-e gody: istoria, teoria i praktiki. St. Petersburg: Izdatel’stvo Evropeiskogo universiteta.
Fishman M. (2011). Tsena odnoi tainoi sdelki. Available at www.forbes.ru/ekonomika-column/vlast/74509-nenuzhnyi-prezident (accessed June 8, 2016).
Fitzpatrick S. (1979). Education and social mobility in the Soviet Union, 1921–1934. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Fitzpatrick S. (1996). Signals from below: Soviet letters of denunciation of the 1930s. Journal of Modern History, 68(4), pp. 831866.
Fitzpatrick S. (1999). Everyday Stalinism: Ordinary life in extraordinary times. Soviet Russia in the 1930s. New York: Oxford University Press.
Fitzpatrick S. (2007). The Soviet Union in the twenty-first century. Journal of European Studies, 37(51), pp. 5171.
Fitzpatrick S. (2008). Revisionism in retrospect: A personal view. Slavic Review, 67(3), pp. 682704.
FOM. (2014). O sredstvakh massovoi informatsii. Available at http://fom.ru/SMI-i-internet/11427 (accessed June 2, 2015).
Forde K. (2007). Discovering the explanatory report in American newspapers. Journalism Practice, 1(2), pp. 227244.
Foucault M. (1997a). Ethics: Subjectivity and truth. The essential works of Foucault 1954–1984, ed. Rabinow P.. New York: New Press.
Foucault M. (1997b). The ethics of the concern of the self as a practice of freedom. In Rabinow P. (ed.). Ethics: Subjectivity and truth (pp. 281302). New York: New Press.
Foucault M. (2001). Fearless speech. Los Angeles, CA: Semiotext.
Foucault M. (2010). The government of self and others. Lectures at the Collège de France 1982–1983. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Foucault M. (2011). The courage of truth. Lectures at the Collège de France 1983–1984. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Franklin B. (ed.). (2006). Local journalism and local media: Making the local news (2nd edn.). New York: Routledge.
French M. (2014). Reporting socialism: Soviet journalism and the Journalists’ Union, 1955–1966. Ph.D. thesis, University of Pennsylvania. Available online at http://repository.upenn.edu/edissertations/1277/.
Friedrich C., and Brzezinski Z. (1956). Totalitarian dictatorship and autocracy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Gabowitsch M. (2013). Putin kaputt!? Russlands neue Protestkultur. Berlin: Suhrkamp, 2013.
Gamayunov I. (2009a). Pravo na pravdu. Doroga k glasnosti. Opyt 80x. Available at www.lgz.ru/article/8606/ (accessed February 15, 2016).
Gamayunov I. (2009b). Zigzag istorii. Iz dnevnika litgazetovtsa. Available at http://magazines.russ.ru/neva/2009/9/ga3.html (accessed February 15, 2016).
Ganapolsky M. (2011). V budushcheye s Budanovym? Available at www.mk.ru/politics/article/2011/06/16/597939-v-buduschee-s-budanovyim.html (accessed February 15, 2016).
Gans H. (1979). Deciding what’s news: A study of CBS Evening News, NBC Nightly News, Newsweek, and Time. New York: Pantheon Books.
Garros A. (2012). Blogpost. Available at www.facebook.com/alexander.garros/posts/485093881523934 (accessed January 15, 2015).
Gazeta.RU. (2012). Posol SShA McFaul zayavil o slezhke so storony NTV; v telekompanii sovetuyut ne udivlyatsia. Available at www.gazeta.ru/social/news/2012/03/29/n_2265441.shtml (accessed February 15, 2016).
Geertz C. (1980). Negara: The theatre state in nineteenth-century Bali. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Genis A. (2012). Vtorogodniki. Available at www.novayagazeta.ru/society/54016.html (accessed February 2, 2015).
Gerasimov I. (2014). Lirika epokhi zinicheskogo razuma. Available at http://net.abimperio.net/node/3353 (accessed May 26, 2016).
Gessen M. (2011). Kak vazhno byt’ serioznym, nah-nah. Available at www.snob.ru/selected/entry/39817 (accessed February 2, 2015).
Gessen M. (2012). The man without a face: The unlikely rise of Vladimir Putin. New York: Riverhead Books.
Getty J. (1985). Origins of the great purges: The Soviet Communist party reconsidered, 1933–1938. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Geyer M., and Fitzpatrick S. (2009). Beyond totalitarianism: Stalinism and Nazism compared. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Gillmor D. (2004). We the media: Grassroots journalism by the people, for the people. Sebastopol, CA: O’Reiley Media.
Glaeser A. (2000). Divided in unity: Identity, Germany, and the Berlin police. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Glaeser A (2011). Political epistemics: The secret police, the opposition, and the end of East German socialism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Glasser T. (ed.). (1999). The Idea of public journalism. New York: Guilford Press.
Goldman W. (2007). Terror and democracy in the age of Stalin: The social dynamics of repression. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Goldman W. (2011). Inventing the enemy: Denunciation and terror in Stalin’s Russia. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Gorham M. (1996). Tongue-tied writers: The Rabsel’kor movement and the voice of the “new intelligentsia” in early Soviet Russia. Russian Review, 55(3), pp. 412429.
Gorham M. (2013). Putin’s language. In Goscilo H. (ed.), Putin as celebrity and cultural icon (pp. 82103). London: Routledge.
Gorokhova E. (2011). From Russia with lies. Available at www.nytimes.com/2011/10/23/magazine/from-russia-with-lies.html (accessed June 8, 2016).
Gorsuch A., and Koenker D. (2006). Turizm: The Russian and East European tourist under capitalism and socialism. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Greenberg J. (2010). “There’s nothing anyone can do about it”: Participation, apathy, and “successful” democratic transition in postsocialist Serbia. Slavic Review, 69(1), pp. 4164.
Greenberg J. (2014). After the revolution: Youth, democracy, and the politics of disappointment in Serbia. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.
Greene S. (2014). Moscow in movement: Power and opposition in Putin’s Russia. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.
Gronvall J. (2015). De-coupling of journalism and democracy: Empirical insights from discussions with leading Nordic media executives. Journalism, 16(8), pp. 10271044.
Grushin B. (2000). Institut obshchestvennogo mnenia – otdel “Komsomolskoi pravdy.” In Volkov A., Pugacheva M., and Yarmolyuk S. (eds.), Pressa v obshchestve (1959–2000): Otsenki zhurnalistov i sotsiologov. Dokumenty (pp. 4665). Moscow: Moscow School of Political Research.
Grymov Y. (2012). Pusto govoriat. Available at http://yuri-grymov.livejournal.com/99030.html (accessed February 15, 2016).
Gubin D. (2013). Interview s zhenoi Adagamova kak professionalnyi zhurnalistski keis. Available at http://dimagubin.livejournal.com/124631.html (accessed January 10, 2013).
Gubin D., and Loshak A. (2011). Kazhdyi vtoroi rasskazyvaet kakie-to dikie istorii. Available at www.kommersant.ru/doc/1783356 (accessed March 10, 2011).
Gudkov L. (1999). Strakh kak ramka ponimania proiskhodiashchego. Monitoring obshchestvennogo mnenia, 44(6), pp. 4653, available online at http://ecsocman.hse.ru/data/343/992/1219/09gudkov-46–53.pdf (accessed February 29, 2016).
Gudkov L. (2005). Zinizm ‘neperehodnogo’ obshchestva. Vestnik obshchestvennogo mnenia, 76(2), pp. 4362, available online at www.levada.ru/sites/default/files/vom_2005.276.pdf (accessed February 29, 2016).
Gudkov L. (2009). Priroda “putinizma”. Vestnik obshchestvennogo mnenia, 101(3), pp. 621, available online at www.ecsocman.hse.ru/data/2010/05/26/1212595112/vom3-fin_6–21.pdf (accessed February 29, 2016).
Gudkov L. (2015). Kak vozvrashchayetsia totalitarism. Available at https://slon.ru/posts/57349 (accessed June 8, 2016).
Gulyas A. (1999). Structural changes and organizations in te print media markets of post-communist East Central Europe. Javnost/The Public, 6(2), pp. 6174.
Gulyas A. (2000). The development of the tabloid press in Hungary. In Sparks C. and Tulloch J. (eds.), Tabloid tales: Global debates over media standards (pp. 111127). Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
Gulyas A. (2003). Print media in post-Communist East Central Europe. European Journal of Communication, 18(1), pp. 81106.
Gupta A. (1995). Blurred boundaries: The discourse of corruption, the culture of politics, and the imagined state. American Ethnologist, 22(2), pp. 375402.
Gupta A. (2005). Narratives of corruption: Anthropological and fictional accounts of the Indian state. Ethnography, 6(1), pp. 534.
Gupta A. (2012). Red tape: Bureaucracy, structural violence, and poverty in India. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Guriev S. (2013). Kak dela? Dela otkryty! Available at http://slon.ru/russia/sergey_guriev_kak_dela_dela_otkryty_-949866.xhtml (accessed June 5, 2013).
Gutiontov P. (2005). Iz zapisok vodoprovodchika. Vremia gniet i lomayet tekh, kto gotov gnutsia i lomatsia. Available at www.library.cjes.ru/online/?b_id=686 (accessed May 26, 2010).
Gutiontov P. (2008). Marzan pochti ne viden: Kniga o zhurnalistike i zhurnalistakh. Moscow: Russian Union of Journalists.
Habermas J. (1975). Legitimation crisis. Boston: Beacon Press.
Habermas J. (1984). The theory of communicative action, vol. 1: Reason and the rationalization of society. Boston: Beacon Press.
Habermas J. (1989). The structural transformation of the public sphere: An inquiry into a category of bourgeois society. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Habermas J. (1990). Moral consciousness and communicative action. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Habermas J. (2001). On the pragmatics of social interaction: Preliminary studies in the theory of communicative action. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Halfin I. (2000). From darkness to light: Class, consciousness, and salvation in revolutionary Russia. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.
Halfin I. (2003). Terror in my soul: Communist autobiographies on trial. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Halfin I. (2009). Stalinist confessions: Messianism and terror at the Leningrad Communist University. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.
Halfon M. (1989). Integrity: A philosophical inquiry. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
Hall S. (1986). The problem of ideology: Marxism without guarantees. Journal of Communication Inquiry, 10(28), pp. 2844.
Hallin D. (1994). We keep America on top of the world: Television journalism and the public sphere. New York: Routledge.
Hallin D. (2000). Commercialism and professionalism in the American news media. In Curran J. and Gurewitch M. (eds.), Mass media and society (pp. 218237). New York: Oxford University Press.
Hallin D., and Mancini P. (2004). Comparing media systems: Three models of media and politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Harbers F., and Broersma M. (2014). Between engagement and ironic ambiguity: Mediating subjectivity in narrative journalism. Journalism, 15(5), pp. 639654.
Hardt H. (1979). Social theories of the press: Early German and American perspectives. Beverly Hills: SAGE.
Havel V., and Vladislav J. (1989). Václav Havel. Living in truth: Twenty-two essays published on the occasion of the award of the Erasmus Prize to Václav Havel. Boston: Faber & Faber.
Hayek F. (1944). The road to serfdom. London: Routledge.
Heinzen J. (2007). Informers and the state under late Stalinism: Informant networks and crimes against “Socialist property,” 1940–53. Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History, 8(4), pp. 789815.
Hellbeck J. (2000). Speaking out: Languages of affirmation and dissent in Stalinist Russia. Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History, 1(1), pp. 7196.
Hellbeck J. (2006). Revolution on my mind: Writing a diary under Stalin. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Hibou B. (2004). Privatizing the state. New York: Columbia University Press.
Hoffmann D. L. (2011). Cultivating the masses: Modern state practices and Soviet socialism, 1914–1939. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Holquist P. (1997). ‘Information is the alpha and omega of our work’: Bolshevik surveillance in its pan-European context. The Journal of Modern History, 69(3), pp. 415450.
Hooper C. (2006). A darker “big deal”: Concealing party crimes in peacetime. In Fuerst J. (ed.), Late Stalinist Russia: Society between reconstruction and reinvention (pp. 142164). New York: Routledge.
Hooper C. (2008). What can and cannot be said: Between the Stalinist past and new Soviet future. Slavonic & East European Review, 86(2), pp. 306327.
Hooper C. (2013). Bosses in captivity? On the limitations of the Gulag memoir. Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History, 14(1), pp. 117142.
Hopkins M. (1970). Mass media in the Soviet Union. New York: Pegasus.
Hornsby R. (2013). Protest, reform and repression in Khrushchev’s Soviet Union. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Humphrey C. (2002). The unmaking of Soviet life: Everyday economies after socialism. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Huskey E. (1992). From legal nihilism to Pravovoe Gosudarstvo: Soviet legal development, 1917–1990. In Barry D. (ed.), Toward the “rule of law” in Russia? Political and legal reform in the transition period (pp. 2342). New York: M.E. Sharpe.
Hutcheon L. (1995). Irony’s edge: The theory and politics of irony. New York: Routledge.
Huxtable S. (2012). A Compass in the sea of life: Soviet journalism, the public, and the limits of reform after Stalin, 1953–1968. Ph.D. thesis, University of London. Available online at http://bbktheses.da.ulcc.ac.uk/22/.
Huxtable S. (2013). In search of the Soviet reader: The Kosygin reforms, sociology, and changing concepts of Soviet society, 1964–1970. Cahiers du monde russe, 54(3–4), pp. 623642.
Huxtable S. (2014). Shortcomings. Soviet journalists and the changing role of press criticism after the Twentieth Party Congress. In Bohn T., Eynax R., and Abesser M. (eds.), De-Stalinisation reconsidered: Persistence and change in the Soviet Union after 1953 (pp. 209222). Frankfurt-am-Main: Campus Verlag.
Huxtable S. (2016). The life and death of Brezhnev’s thaw: Changing values in Soviet journalism after Khrushchev, 1964–1968. In Fainberg D. and Kalinovsky A. (eds.), Reconsidering stagnation in the Brezhnev era (pp. 2142). Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.
Inkeles A. (1950). Public opinion in Soviet Russia: A study in mass persuasion. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Inkeles A., and Bauer R. A. (1959). The Soviet citizen: Daily life in a totalitarian society. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Inkeles A., and Kluckhohn C. (1956). How the Soviet system works: Cultural, psychological, and social themes. New York: Vintage Books.
Innocenti B., and Miller E. (2016). The persuasive force of political humor. Journal of Communication, 66, pp. 366385.
Izvestia.RU. (2012). Hacker hell: “This hacking job was very difficult.” Available at http://izvestia.ru/news/528590 (accessed June 26, 2012).
Izyumov Yu. (2011). Nepovtorimyi A.B.Ch. Available at http://izyumov.ru/Vospominaniy_LG/Chakovskiy.htm (accessed April 30, 2016).
Jacoby R. (1999). The end of utopia: Politics and culture in an age of apathy. New York: Basic Books.
Jones P. (2006). The dilemmas of de-Stalinization: Negotiating cultural and social change in the Khrushchev era. New York: Routledge.
Josephi B. (2013). How much democracy does journalism need? Journalism, 14(4), pp. 474489.
Kachkaeva A., and Richter A. (1999). Rossiiskie SMI, vlast i kapital. Available at www.medialaw.ru/publications/books/conc1 (accessed December 15, 2006).
Kalashnikov M. (2012). Vybory Prezidenta Rossiiskoi Federatsii vyigrala Ksenia Sobchak. Available at www.niann.ru/?id=405690 (accessed February 1, 2015).
Kaluzhsky M., Shakhina O., and Zheno G. (2013). Teatral’nyi arest: est li budushchee u politicheskogo teatra. Available at www.echo.msk.ru/programs/kulshok/1025184-echo/ (accessed September 3, 2013).
Kamyshev D. (2012). Obyknovennyi tsinizm. Available at www.openspace.ru/article/263 (accessed August 15, 2014).
Kashin O. (2011a). Mne kazalos ochen’ vazhnym sdelat’ tak, chtoby Putin byl objektom nasmeshek. Available at www.kommersant.ru/doc/1655286 (accessed February 2, 2015).
Kashin O. (2011b). Oni by raspustili parlament i sovershenno po etomu povodu ne kompleksovali by. Available at www.kommersant.ru/doc/1823411 (accessed November 25, 2011).
Kashin O. (2012). Okhota na “dzhinsu.” Available at www.kommersant.ru/doc/1868031 (accessed February 1, 2015).
Kashin O. (2016). Rossia bez novostei. Available at https://slon.ru/posts/64915 (accessed June 8, 2016).
Katz E. (1982). Publicity and pluralistic ignorance: Notes on the spiral of silence. In Baier H., Kepplinger H., and Reumann K. (eds.). Offentliche Meinung und socialer Wandel/Public Opinion and Social Change (pp. 2838). Opladen, Germany: Westdeutscher Verlag.
Katz E. ([1950] 2012). “The happiness game”: A content analysis of radio fan mail. International Journal of Communication, 6, pp. 12971445.
Keane W. (2007). Christian moderns: Freedom and fetish in the mission encounter. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Keane W. (2014). Affordances and reflexivity in ethical life: An ethnographic stance. Anthropological Theory, 14(1), pp. 326.
Kenez P. (1985a). The birth of the propaganda state: Soviet methods of mass mobilization, 1917–1929. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Kenez P. (1985b). Lenin and freedom of the press. In Gleason A., Kenez P., and Stites R. (eds.), Bolshevik culture: Experiment and order in the Russian Revolution (pp. 131150). Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Kennan G. (1954). Totalitarianism in the modern world. In Friedrich C. (ed.), Totalitarianism (pp. 1736). New York: University Library.
Kharkhordin O. (1999). The collective and the individual in Russia: A study of practices. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Kharkhordin O. (2001). Mishel’ Fuko i Rossia: sbornik statei. St. Petersburg: Izdatel’stvo Evropeiskogo universiteta.
Kharkhordin O. (2011). Ot obshchestvennogo k publichnomu. St. Petersburg: Izdatelstvo Evropeiskogo universiteta.
Kichanova V. (2012). #surkovskayapropaganda atakuet. Available at http://kichanova.livejournal.com/83274.html (accessed February 15, 2016).
Klebnikov P. (2000). Godfather of the Kremlin: Boris Berezovsky and the looting of Russia. New York: Harcourt.
Klumbyte N. (2011). Political intimacy: Power, laughter, and coexistence in late Soviet Lithuania. East European Politics and Societies, 25(4), pp. 658677.
Knobel B., and Sanders J. (2012). Samizdat 2.0: The Dymovsky case and the use of streaming video as a political tool in contemporary Russia. International Journal of E-Politics, 3(1), available online at http://www.igi-global.com/article/international-journal-politics-ijep/63033 (accessed April 10, 2017).
Koestler A. (1941). Darkness at noon. New York: Macmillan.
Koltsova O. (2006). News media and power in Russia. New York: Routledge.
Kon I. (1999). Na poliakh i po povodu: Sotsiologia i pressa. Available at http://sexology.narod.ru/info033.html (accessed February 15, 2006).
Kon I. (2000). Kazhdaya novaya publikatsia podnimala planku vozmozhnogo. In Volkov A., Pugacheva M., and Yarmolyuk S. (eds.), Pressa v obshchestve (1959–2000): Otsenki zhurnalistov i sotsiologov. Dokumenty (pp. 141157). Moscow: Moscow School of Political Research.
Kotkin S. (1995). Magnetic mountain: Stalinism as a civilization. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Kotkin S. (2002). The state: Is it us? Memoirs, archives, and kremlinologists. Russian Review, 60(1), pp. 3551.
Kozhevnikova K. (2001). Na bulvar, v Litgazetu poshla. Available at www.vestnik.com/issues/2001/0424/win/kozhevnikova.htm (accessed April 29, 2017).
Kozlov D. (2013). The readers of Novyi Mir: Coming to terms with the Stalinist past. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Kozlov D., and Gilburd E. (2013). The Thaw: Soviet society and culture during the 1950s and 1960s. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Kozlov V. (1996). Denunciation and its functions in Soviet governance: A study of denunciations and their bureaucratic handling from Soviet police archives, 1944–1953. Journal of Modern History, 68(4), pp. 867898.
Kozlov V., Fitzpatrick S., Mironenko S., Edelman O., and Zavadskaia E. (2011). Sedition: Everyday resistance in the Soviet Union under Khrushchev and Brezhnev. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Krasukhin G. (2005). Stezhki-dorozhki: Literaturnye nravy nedalyokogo proshlogo. Moscow: Yazyki slavianskoi kultury.
Krichevskaya V. (2012). Nel’zya igrat’ v zhurnalistiku. Available at www.snob.ru/magazine/entry/48082 (accessed February 15, 2016).
Kruglova A. (2014). Dangers of articulation. Paper presented at the ASEEES Annual Meeting, San Antonio, TX.
Krylova A. (2000). The tenacious liberal subject in Soviet studies. Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History, 1(1), pp. 119146.
Kucher S. (2011). Mozhete vybrosit’ vse Tefi, kotorye vy poluchili za luchshye informatsionnye programmy. Available at www.kommersant.ru/doc/1832621 (accessed February 1, 2015).
Kunelius R. (2001). Conversation: A metaphor and a method for better journalism? Journalism Studies, 2(1), pp. 3154.
Kupriyanov B. (2012). Est odno intelligentskoe zabluzhdenie: subyektami v strane yavliaemsia tolko my i vlast. Available at www.kommersant.ru/doc/1922217 (accessed February 2, 2015).
Kuznetsov S. (2012). Mashina dobra i problemy povsednevnoi zhizni nashykh sosedei. Available at http://skuzn.livejournal.com/734229.html (accessed February 2, 2015).
Laidlaw J. (2002). For an anthropology of ethics and freedom. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 8(2), pp. 311332.
Laidlaw J. (2014). The subject of virtue: An anthropology of ethics and freedom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Lambek M. (2000). The anthropology of religion and the quarrel between poetry and philosophy. Current Anthropology, 43(1), pp. 309320.
Lambek M. (2007). On catching up with oneself: Learning to know that one means what one does. In Berliner D. and Sarro R. (eds.), Learning religion (pp. 6581). Oxford: Berghahn.
Lambek M. (2010). Toward an ethics of the act. In Lambek M. (ed.), Ordinary ethics: Anthropology, language, action (pp. 3963). New York: Fordham University Press.
Larina K. (2012). Nika Strizhak kak simvol svobodnoi zhurnalistiki. Available at http://xlarina.livejournal.com/255111.html (accessed May 3, 2012).
Larson J. (2013). Critical thinking in Slovakia after socialism. Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press.
Larson M. S. (1977). The rise of professionalism: A sociological analysis. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Lasswell H. D. (1948). The structure and function of communication in society. In Bryson L. (ed.), The communication of ideas (pp. 3751). New York: Institute for Religious and Social Studies.
Lazarsfeld P., and Merton R. (1948). Mass communication, popular taste and organized social action. In Bryson L. (ed.), The communication of ideas (pp. 95118). New York: Institute for Religious and Social Studies.
Ledeneva A. V. (1998). Russia’s economy of favours: Blat, networking, and informal exchange. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Ledeneva A. V. (2006). How Russia really works: The informal practices that shaped post-Soviet politics and business. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Ledeneva A. V. (2011). Open secrets and knowing smiles. East European Politics and Societies, 25(4), pp. 720736.
Lenin V. (1909). Materialism i empirio-kritizism. Moscow: Zveno.
Lenoe M. (2004). Closer to the masses: Stalinist culture, social revolution, and Soviet newspapers. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Lepsky Y. (2014). Tochka Ru. Available at http://rg.ru/2014/04/28/lepsky.html (accessed April 22, 2016).
Levada Yu. (2006). “Istina” i “pravda” v obshchestvennom mnenii: Problema interpretatsii poniatii. Available at http://polit.ru/article/2006/11/21/levada/ (accessed February 29, 2016).
Levinson A. (2011). Nashe “my”: Soprotivlenie naroda. Available at www.vedomosti.ru/newspaper/article/266021/soprotivlenie_naroda (accessed August 23, 2011).
Liebes T., Curran J., and Katz E. (1998). Media, ritual, and identity. New York: Routledge.
Lindele D. (2012a). Putinu. Vladimiru Vladimirovichu. Available at http://d-lindele.livejournal.com/150767.html (accessed February 2, 2015).
Lindele D. (2012b). Razoblachayem slukhi o Krymske. Bez angazhirovannosti. Available at http://d-lindele.livejournal.com/145252.html (accessed July 13, 2012).
Linz J. (2000). Totalitarian and authoritarian regimes. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers.
Lipovetsky M. (2014). Skromnoe obayanie russkogo tsinika. Available at http://inosmi.ru/world/20140103/216227003.html (accessed May 26, 2016).
Lippmann W. (1922). Public opinion. New York: Harcourt.
Livingstone S. (2013). The participation paradigm in audience research. Communication Review, 16, pp. 2130.
Loginova N. (1992). Teatr ili tsirk? Zhurnalist, 10, pp. 2124.
Loshak A. (2011a). Eto trolling.Available at www.openspace.ru/society/projects/201/details/23787/ (accessed February 2, 2015).
Loshak A. (2011b). Televidenie razgovarivayet s publikoi kak s durakom. Available at http://piter.tv/event/Andrej_Loshak_Televiden/ (accessed February 15, 2016).
Loshak A. (2012). My ne ponimayem, chto proiskhodit v golovakh u sta millionov chelovek. Available at http://slon.ru/calendar/event/823029/ (accessed February 2, 2015).
Lovell S. (2003). Summerfolk: A history of the dacha, 1710–2000. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Lowrey W. (2006). Mapping the journalism: Blogging relationship. Journalism: Theory, Practice and Criticism, 7, pp. 477500.
Lucas C. (1996). The theory and practice of denunciation in the French Revolution. Journal of Modern History, 68(4), pp. 768785.
MacIntyre A. (1981). After virtue: A study in moral theory. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press.
Malinowski B. (1922). Argonauts of the Western Pacific. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Malgin A. (2012a). Boyus, delo konchitsia plokho. Available at http://avmalgin.livejournal.com/3167031.html (accessed July 5, 2012).
Malgin A. (2012b). Sovsem obnagleli. Available at http://avmalgin.livejournal.com/3473013.html (accessed February 15, 2016).
Mamleev D. (ed.). (2003) Alexei Adzhubei v koridorakh chetvertoi vlasti. Moscow: Izdatel’stvo Izvestia.
Marcus G. (1999). Paranoia within reason: A casebook on conspiracy as explanation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Marx K., and Engels F. (1932). The German ideology. Moscow: Marx-Engels Institute.
Marx K., and Engels F. (1978). The Marx-Engels reader (2nd edn.), ed. Tucker Robert. New York: W.W. Norton.
Mason B. (2014). Journalism practice and critical reflexivity. Pacific Journalism Review, 20(1), pp. 158179.
Matusevich V. (1999). Zapiski sovetskogo redaktora. Available at http://magazines.russ.ru/nlo/1999/37/matusev.html (accessed February 22, 2016).
Maximov A. (2003). Kapitan. Available at http://ys.novayagazeta.ru/text/2003–07-07–10.shtml (accessed May 6, 2016).
McCormick R. (1981). The discovery that business corrupts politics: A reappraisal of the origins of porgressivism. American Historical Review, 86(2), pp. 247274.
McKay R. (1991). Letters to Gorbachev: Life in Russia through the postbag of Argumenty i Fakty. London: Michael Joseph.
McManus J. (1994). Market-driven journalism: Let the citizen beware? Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
Medvedev S. (2014). Russkiy ressentiment. Available at www.strana-oz.ru/2014/6/russkiy-resentiment (accessed May 24, 2016).
Merritt D. (1998). Public journalism and public life: Why telling the news is not enough. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Meyen M., and Schwer K. (2007). Credibility of media offerings in centrally controlled media systems: A qualitative study based on the example of East Germany. Media, Culture & Society, 29(2), pp. 284303.
Mickiewicz E. (1981). Media and the Russian public. New York: Praeger.
Mickiewicz E. (1988). Split signals: Television and politics in the Soviet Union. New York: Oxford University Press.
Mickiewicz E. (1999). Changing channels: Television and the struggle for power in Russia. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Mihelj S., and Huxtable S. (2016). The challenge of flow: State socialist television between revolutionary time and everyday time. Media, Culture & Society, 38(3), pp. 332348.
Morley D. (1992). Television, audiences, and cultural studies. London: Routledge.
Mostovshchikov S. (2011). V Izvestiakh rabotayut liudi, privychnye k unizheniam. Available at http://slon.ru/articles/592873/ (accessed June 6, 2011).
Muchnik Y. (2012). A note. Available at www.facebook.com/mucnik.ulia/posts/334870906582250 (accessed February 15, 2016).
Mueller J. (1992). A new kind of newspaper: The origins and development of a Soviet institution, 1921–1928. Ph.D. thesis, University of California, Berkeley.
Muhlmann G. (2010). Journalism for democracy. Malden, MA: Polity.
Muller J. (2013). Mechanisms of trust: News media in democratic and authoritarian regimes. Berlin: Campus Verlag.
Nathans B. (2007). The dictatorship of reason: Aleksandr Vol’pin and the idea of rights under “developed Socialism.” Slavic Review, 66(4), pp. 630663.
Nathans B. (2011). Soviet rights-talk in the post-Stalin era. In Hoffmann S.-L. (ed.), Human rights in the twentieth century (pp. 166190). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Navalnyi A. (2012). Blog-Out. Available at http://echo.msk.ru/programs/blogout1/912687-echo/ (accessed July 26, 2012).
Navaro-Yashin Y. (2002). Faces of the state: Secularism and public life in Turkey. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Nekrasov A. (2013). Politicheskaya dokumentalistika: mezhdu pravdoi i propagandoi. Available at www.echo.msk.ru/programs/kulshok/1055424-echo/ (accessed March 20, 2013).
Nenashev M. (1995). An ideal betrayed: Testimonies of a prominent and loyal member of the Soviet establishment. London: Open Gate Press.
Nenashev M. (2004). Nastala pora platit’ po dolgam. Zhurnalist, 2, pp. 1012.
Nerone J. (1995). Last rights: Revisiting four theories of the press. Urbana-Champaign: University of Illinois Press.
Nerone J. (2013). The historical roots of the normative model of journalism. Journalism, 14(4), pp. 446458.
Nesterenko Y. (2008). Ubit peresmeshnikov! O glumlenii nad dobrodeteliami. Available at www.apn.ru/publications/article20280.htm (accessed February 15, 2016).
Niblock S. (2007). From “knowing how” to “being able”: Negotiating the meanings of reflective practice and reflexive research in journalism studies. Journalism Practice, 1(1), pp. 2032.
Nikitin A. (2011). Nulyovye. Available at http://funt.livejournal.com/187399.html (accessed February 15, 2016).
Nord D. (2001). Communities of journalism: A history of American newspapers and their readers. Urbana-Champaign: University of Illinois Press.
Nossik A. (2012). Metodichka dlia Gapona. Available at http://dolboeb.livejournal.com/2266099.html (accessed January 8, 2012).
Novikov A. (2012). Vchera mne bylo lichno pokazano, kak rabotayet rossiiskoye TV. Available at http://tinyurl.com/nteoav3 (accessed February 15, 2016).
Oates S. (2006). Television, democracy, and elections in Russia. New York: Routledge.
Oleinik A. (2015). Ugroza fashizma ili Veimarsky stsenariy v Rossii. Available at www.vedomosti.ru/opinion/articles/2015/02/13/ugrozafashizma (accessed March 25, 2016).
Orekhov R., and Pomidorov M. (2012). Porzhat’ i posmeyatsia–raznye veshchi. Available at www.kp.ru/daily/25970/2907346/ (accessed October 21, 2012).
Ornebring H. (2012). Clientelism, elites, and the media in Central and Eastern Europe. International Journal of Press/Politics, 17(4), pp. 497515.
Orwell G. (1949). Nineteen eighty-four. London: Secker & Warburg.
Oss N. (2012). Anatomiya glumleniya. Available at www.gazeta.ru/column/oss/4094893.shtml (accessed February 15, 2016).
Oushakine S. (2001). The terrifying mimicry of Samizdat. Public Culture, 13(2), pp. 191214.
Oushakine S. (2009). The patriotism of despair: Nation, war, and loss in Russia. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Overholser G., and Jamieson K. H. (2005). The press. New York: Oxford University Press.
Paletz D., and Entman R. (1981). Media, power, politics. New York: Free Press.
Paniushkin V. (2004). Komu ne nuzhen PR. Available at www.gazeta.ru/column/panushkin/158162.shtml (accessed April 30, 2014).
Paniushkin V. (2005). Passivnyi palach. Available at http://gazeta.ru/column/panushkin/361292.shtml (accessed February 15, 2016).
Pankin B. (2002). Preslovutaya epokha v litsakh i maskakh, sobytiyakh i kazusakh. Moscow: Voskresenie.
Parfenov L. (2013). Bore Korchevnikovu posle voskresnogo efira na NTV. Availale at http://parfenov-l.livejournal.com/46406.html (accessed January 20, 2013).
Parfenov L. (2015). Zhurnalistika nikomu ne nuzhna. K 30-letiu glasnosti v Rossii. Available at https://meduza.io/feature/2015/03/17/zhurnalistika-nikomu-ne-nuzhna (accessed May 31, 2015).
Park R., and Burgess E. (1967). The city. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Parkhomenko S. (2011). Ubezhdeniya – povod dlia uvol’neniya? Available at http://snob.ru/selected/entry/37667 (accessed February 15, 2016).
Parushina A. (2012). Kak ja poshla v politiku. Available at http://grani.ru/blogs/free/entries/195575.html (accessed February 2, 2015).
Pateman C. (1988). The sexual contract. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.
Pavlovsky G., and Gelman M. (2010). Interview Vladimira Putina. Available at http://echo.msk.ru/programs/razvorot/706938-echo (accessed August 30, 2010).
Perusko Z., and Popovic H. (2008). Media concentration trends in Central and Eastern Europe. In Jakubowicz K. and Sukosd M. (eds.), Finding the right place on the map: Central and Eastern European media change in a global perspective (pp. 165190). Chicago: Intellect Books.
Peters J. D. (1989). Satan and savior: Mass communication in progressive thought. Critical Studies in Media Communication, 6, pp. 247263.
Peters J. D. (1995). Historical tensions in the concept of public opinion. In Glasser T. L. and Salmon C. (eds.), Public opinion and the communication of consent (pp. 332). New York: Guilford Press.
Peters J. D. (2005). Media as conversation, conversation as media. In Curran J. and Morley D. (eds.), Media and cultural theory (pp. 115126). New York: Routledge.
Petranovskaya L. (2014). Chto eto s nimi?!! Available at http://spektr.press/chto-eto-s-nimi (accessed June 8, 2016).
Petrovskaya I. (2010). Novogodnee TV zamakhnulos na sviatoe. Available at www.izvestia.ru/petrovskaya/article3137368/ (accessed January 10, 2010).
Petrovskaya I. (2011). Blizhe k polunochi pipl na TV prevrashchayetsia v izyskannuyu publiku. Available at www.novayagazeta.ru/data/2011/062/26.html (accessed June 14, 2011).
Petrovskaya I. (2013). Konveyernoe ostroumie v efire lishaet vkusa i chuvstva mery. Available at www.novayagazeta.ru/columns/57773.html (accessed April 19, 2013).
Petrovskaya I., and Larina K. (2012). Chelovek iz televizora. Available at http://echo.msk.ru/programs/persontv/959110-echo/ (accessed December 1, 2012).
Piaget J. (1950). The psychology of intelligence. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
Plamper J. (2002). Foucault’s Gulag. Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History, 3(2), pp. 255280.
Platt K., and Nathans B. (2011). Socialist in form, indeterminate in content: The ins and outs of late Soviet culture. Ab Imperio, 2, pp. 301324.
Pletsch C. (1981). The three worlds, or the division of scientific labor, circa 1950–1975. Comparative Studies in Society and History, 23(4), pp. 565590.
Poltoranin M. (1990). Ministerstvo chetvertoi vlasti. Zhurnalist, 11, pp. 1821.
Poltoranin M. (1994). Etot fond ya zamyshlial ne dlia sebia. Zhurnalist, 9, pp. 1215.
Pomerantsev P. (2014). Russia and the menace of unreality: How Vladimir Putin is revolutionizing information warfare. Available at http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2014/09/russia-putin-revolutionizing-information-warfare/379880/ (accessed June 2, 2015).
Pomerantsev P. (2015). Mechta rossiiskoi propagandy – chtoby nikto nikomu ne doverial. Available at www.pravda.com.ua/articles/2015/03/31/7063251/ (accessed July 2, 2015).
Porto M. P. (2012). Media power and democratization in Brazil: TV Globo and the dilemmas of political accountability. New York: Routledge.
Prilepin Z. (2011). Kremlevskie stenaniya. Available at www.kommersant.ru/Doc/1642377 (accessed February 2, 2015).
Prorokov N. (2014). “Seichas vse tupo delayetsia radi babok”: kto pridumyvayet shutki na rossiskom TV. Available at http://vozduh.afisha.ru/cinema/seychas-vse-delaetsya-tupo-radi-babok-kto-pridumyvaet-shutki-na-rossiyskom-tv/ (accessed July 23, 2014).
Pudovkina E. (2000). Klub Derzanie. Available at www.pchela.ru/podshiv/26_27/club.htm (accessed February 20, 2016).
Radway J. (1991). Reading the romance: Women, patriarchy, and popular literature. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
Ranciere J. (2004). Disagreement: Politics and philosophy. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Rappaport R. (1999). Ritual and religion in the making of humanity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Rappaport R. (1979). Ecology, meaning, and religion. Richmond, CA: North Atlantic Books.
Remington T. (1988). The truth of authority: Ideology and communication in the Soviet Union. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press.
Revzin G. (2012). Grazhdanskie manifesty. Available at www.afisha.ru/article/grigorij-revzin-arhitekturnij-kritik/ (accessed May 25, 2016).
Ries N. (2002). “Honest bandits” and “warped people”: Russian narratives about money, corruption, and moral decay. In Greenhouse C., Mertz E., and Warren K. (eds.), Ethnography in unstable places: Everyday lives in context of dramatic political change (pp. 276315). Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Rivkin-Fish M. (2005). Women’s health in post-Soviet Russia: The politics of intervention. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Rogers D. (2009). The old faith and the Russian land: A historical ethnography of ethics in the Urals. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Rogov C. (2005). Politekonomiya: nedogonyayushcheye razvitie. Available at www.vedomosti.ru/newspaper/article/2005/07/06/94316 (accessed February 15, 2016).
Romanova O. (2012). Vy vseryoz schitayete, chto takie ludi est? Available at www.facebook.com/Ooo.Romanova/posts/426576744043238 (accessed Feburary 15, 2016).
Rorty R. (1992). Moral identity and private autonomy. In Armstrong T. J. (ed.), Michel Foucault, philosopher: Essays translated from the French and German (pp. 328334). New York: Routledge.
Rosen R. (1982). The lost sisterhood: Prostitution in America, 1900–1918. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Roth-Ey K. (2011). Moscow prime time: How the Soviet Union built the media empire that lost the cultural Cold War. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Rothenbuhler E. W. (1998). Ritual communication: From everyday conversation to mediated ceremony. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
Roudakova N. (2007). From the fourth estate to the second oldest profession: Russia’s journalists in search of their public after socialism. Ph.D. thesis, Stanford University.
Roudakova N. (2008). Media-political clientelism: Lessons from anthropology. Media, Culture & Society, 30(1), pp. 4159.
Roudakova N. (2009). Journalism as “prostitution”: Understanding Russia’s reactions to Anna Politkovskaya’s murder. Political Communication, 26(4), pp. 412429.
Roudakova N. (n.d.). “Here I stand, I can do no other”: Paradoxes of legitimacy in Soviet journalism and law. Unpublished manuscript.
Rubinshtein L. (2015). Pozhatye kamennoi desnitsy. Available at www.inliberty.ru/blog/2121-Pozhate-kamennoy-desnicy (accessed May 26, 2016).
Rubtsov A. (2012). Politika styda. Available at www.novayagazeta.ru/politics/53907.html (accessed February 15, 2016).
Rudenko I. (2005). Istiny Inny. Available at www.rg.ru/2005/05/05/rudenko.html (accessed February 15, 2016).
Ryabinina E. (2003). Ni ot kogo, ni ot chego ne zavishu. Available at http://ys.novayagazeta.ru/text/2003–07-07–11.shtml (accessed April 30, 2016).
Saprykin Y. (2012). Govori serdtsem. Available at http://lenta.ru/columns/2012/01/18/proh/ (accessed January 18, 2012).
Sartre J. P. (1974). Between existentialism and Marxism. New York: Pantheon.
Scannell P. (2014). Television and the meaning of “live”: An enquiry into the human situation. Cambridge, MA: Polity.
Schattenberg S. (2006). “Democracy” or “despotism”? How the secret speech was translated into everyday life. In Jones P. (ed.), The dilemmas of de-Stalinization: Negotiating cultural and social change in the Khrushchev era (pp. 6479). New York: Routledge.
Scheppele K. L. (1996). The history of normalcy: Rethinking legal autonomy and the relative dependence of law at the end of the Soviet Empire. Law & Society Review, 30(3), pp. 627650.
Schill D. (2009). Stagecraft and statecraft: Advance and media events in political communication. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.
Schlesinger A. (1949). The vital center: The politics of freedom. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
Schramm W. (1956). The Soviet Communist theory. In Siebert F., Peterson T., and Schramm W. (eds.), Four theories of the press: The authoritarian, libertarian, social responsibility, and Soviet Communist concepts of what the press should be and do (pp. 105146). Urbana-Champaign: University of Illinois Press.
Schudson M. (1978). Discovering the news: A social history of American newspapers. New York: Basic Books.
Schudson M. (1989). How culture works: Perspectives from media studies on the efficacy of symbols. Theory and Society, 18(2), pp. 153180.
Schudson M. (1999). What public journalism knows about journalism but doesn’t know about “public.” In Glasser T. L. (ed.), The idea of public journalism (pp. 118133). New York: Gilford Press.
Schudson M. (2001). The objectivity norm in American journalism. Journalism, 2(2), pp. 149170.
Schudson M. (2007). The concept of politics in contemporary U.S. journalism. Political Communication, 24(2), pp. 131142.
Schudson M. (2008). Why democracies need an unlovable press. Cambridge, MA: Polity.
Schudson M. (2010). Political observatories, databases, and news in the emerging ecology of public information. Daedalus, 139(2), pp. 100109.
Schudson M., and Anderson C. (2009). Objectivity, professionalism, and truth-seeking in journalism. In Wahl-Jorgensen K. and Hanitzsch T. (eds.), The handbook of journalism studies (pp. 88101). New York: Routledge.
Schultz T. (2000). Mass media and the concept of interactivity: An exploratory study of online forums and reader email. Media, Culture & Society, 22, pp. 205221.
Semin K. (2014). O filme “Biokhimia predatel’stva.” Available at www.nakanune.ru/articles/18622 (accessed February 15, 2016).
Shapin S. (1994). A social history of truth: Civility and science in seventeenth-century England. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Shargunov S. (2011). Poshlost. V obstanovke total’noi lzhi slova poteriali smysl. Available at www.mk.ru/politics/russia/2011/09/20/625288-poshlost.html (accessed February 2, 2015).
Sharma A., and Gupta A. (2006). The anthropology of the state: A reader. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
Shatunovsky I., and Rykovtseva E. (2003). Chas pressy: Politicheskaya satira.Available at www.svoboda.org/programs/pr/2003/pr.111303.asp (accessed November 13, 2003).
Shchekhochikhin Y. ([1984] 2003a). V glaza svoim otritsatel’nym geroyam smotret’ ne boyus. Zhurnalist, 8, pp. 2123.
Shchekhochikhin Y. (2003b). Menia nauchili nikogo ne obmanyvat’ i nikogo ne boyatsia. Available at http://ys.novayagazeta.ru/text/2003–08-11–03.shtml (accessed May 6, 2016).
Shchekhochikhin Y. (2004). S liubovyu: proizvedenia Yu. Shchekhochikhina; vospominaniya i ocherki o nem. St. Petersburg: Inapress.
Shchekhochikhin Y. (2010). Tri epokhi sovetskoi zhurnalistiki. Collected ocherki, 1972–2003. Moscow: Moscow State University Press.
Shenderovich V. (2011). Kak ni v chem ne byvalo. Available at http://ej.ru/?a=note&id=11117 (accessed February 15, 2016).
Sheremet P. (2009). Eto vam ne shutochki. Available at www.kommersant.ru/doc/1243633 (accessed February 15, 2016).
Sheremet P. (2012). Eiforia i pravda zhizni. Available at http://echo.msk.ru/blog/sheremet/849936-echo/ (accessed February 2, 2015).
Shestopal E., and Kachkaeva A. (2006). Televidenie glazami uchenykh. Available at www.svobodanews.ru/articleprintview/271909.html (accessed February 15, 2016).
Shevchenko O. (2009). Crisis and the everyday in postsocialist Moscow. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Shinkarev L. (2005). Ne uveren – ne pishi. Zapovedi veterana-izvestintsa. Available at www.library.cjes.ru/online/?b_id=690 (accessed May 26, 2010).
Shlapentokh V. (2000). Ya znal, chto dumayut chitateli “Izvestii.” In Volkov A., Pugacheva M., and Yarmolyuk S. (eds.), Pressa v obshchestve (1959–2000): Otsenki zhurnalistov i sotsiologov. Dokumenty (pp. 108123). Moscow: Moscow School of Political Research.
Shmelev A. (2013). I Surkov, i ya v donosakh i posadkakh otchasti vinovaty. Available at www.colta.ru/docs/25070 (accessed February 15, 2016).
Shore M. (1998). Engineering in the age of innocence: A genealogy of discourse inside the Czechoslovak Writers’ Union, 1949–67. East European Politics and Societies, 12(3), pp. 397441.
Shore M. (2013). The taste of ashes: The afterlife of totalitarianism in Eastern Europe. New York: Crown Publishers.
Shore M. (n.d.). Phenomenological encounters in East-Central Europe. Manuscript in progress.
Shultz E. (2012). V zashchitu blogosfery. Available at http://eugenyshultz.livejournal.com/307517.html (accessed July 12, 2012).
Siebert F., Peterson T., and Schramm W. (eds.). (1956). Four theories of the press: The authoritarian, libertarian, social responsibility, and Soviet Communist concepts of what the press should be and do. Urbana-Champaign: University of Illinois Press.
Siegelbaum L. H. (2008). Cars for comrades: The life of the Soviet automobile. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Silverstone R. (2007). Media and morality: On the rise of the mediapolis. Malden, MA: Polity.
Simonov A. (2000). My proskochili moment lichnoi otvetstvennosti. In Volkov A., Pugacheva M., and Yarmolyuk S. (eds.), Pressa v obshchestve (1959–2000): Otsenki zhurnalistov i sotsiologov. Dokumenty (pp. 418434). Moscow: Moscow School of Political Research.
Simpson C. (1994). Science of coercion: Communication research and psychological warfare, 1945–1960. New York: Oxford University Press.
Sims N. (2008). True stories: A century of literary journalism. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press.
Sinclair U. ([1919] 2003). The brass check: A study of American journalism. Urbana-Champaign: University of Illinois Press.
Sivyakova Y. (2012). Mne strashno smotret’ etoi pravde v glaza.Available at www.novayagazeta.ru/blogs/98/51480.html (accessed February 2, 2015).
Skorkin K. (2014). Obshchi yazyk nenavisti. Available at www.strana-oz.ru/2014/6/obshchiy-yazyk-nenavisti (accessed June 8, 2016).
Sloterdijk P. (1987). Critique of cynical reason. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
SMI-NN.RU. (2002). Alexander Veshnyakov vkliuchil Nizhny Novgorod v chislo samykh neblagopriyatnyh regionov s tochki zrenia provedenia izbiratel’nyh kampanii. Available at www.smi-nn.ru/?id=4561 (accessed June 5, 2006).
Smirnova A. (2011). Do sih por yarostno sporiu, kogda Putina nazyvayut tiranom. Available at www.kommersant.ru/Doc/1646213 (accessed February 2, 2015).
Sokolov S. (2012). Teper nado idti v shkoly.Available at www.novayagazeta.ru/columns/51475.html (accessed February 2, 2015).
Solomon P. H. (1985). Local political power and Soviet criminal justice, 1922–1941. Slavic Review, 37(3), pp. 391413.
Solzhenitsyn A. (1974). Live not by lies. Washington Post, February 18, p. A26.
Song Y., and Lee C. C. (2015). The strategic ritual of irony: Post-Tiananmen China as seen through the “personalized journalism” of elite US correspondents. Media, Culture & Society, 37(8), pp. 11761192.
Sonin K. (2012). Kolonka, kotoroi ne dolzhno byt’. Available at www.vedomosti.ru/opinion/news/2306101/podrugomu_byt_ne_mozhet (accessed February 15, 2016).
Sorokin V. (2012). Proiskhodit obydlenie elit. Available at www.kommersant.ru/doc/1857067 (accessed February 15, 2016).
Sorokin V. (2013). Smeshno? Available at www.snob.ru/magazine/entry/59097 (accessed April 8, 2013).
Sorokina S., Oreshkin D., and Pavlovsky G. (2012). Kanikuly zakonchilis. Chego ozhidat’ osen’yu. Available at www.echo.msk.ru/programs/sorokina/921945-echo/ (accessed February 15, 2016).
Sparks C. (2000). Media theory after the fall of European communism: Why the old models from East and West won’t do any more. In Park M.-J. and Curran J. (eds.), De-westernizing media studies (pp. 2942). New York: Routledge.
Splichal S. (1992). Media privatization and democratization in Central-Eastern Europe. International Communication Gazette, 49(1), pp. 322.
Splichal S. (1994). Media beyond Socialism: Theory and practice in East-Central Europe. Boulder, CO: Westview.
Splichal S. (2001). Imitative revolutions: Changes in the media and journalism in East-Central Europe. The Public/Javnost, 8(3), pp. 128.
Steinmetz G. (1999). State/culture: State-formation after the cultural turn. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
StopFake.Org. (2014). Lozh’: Raspiatie v efire Pervogo kanala. Available at www.stopfake.org/lozh-raspyatie-v-efire-pervogo-kanala/ (accessed July 2, 2015).
Suny R. (1983). Toward a social history of the October Revolution. American Historical Review, 88(1), pp. 3152.
Suskind R. (2004). Faith, certainty, and the Presidency of George W. Bush. Available at www.nytimes.com/2004/10/17/magazine/faith-certainty-and-the-presidency-of-george-w-bush.html (accessed June 8, 2016).
Suslov I. (2011). Inakomyslie kak sotsiokulturnyi fenomen. Ph.D. thesis, Saratov State Technical University, Saratov, Russia.
Svetova Z. (2012). Publichnoe zayavlenie zhurnalistov, osveshchayushikh protsess po delu “Pussy Riot.” Available at www.facebook.com/zoiasvetova/posts/378473238885407 (accessed August 5, 2012).
Syrokomsky V. (2001). Zagadka patriarkha: vospominaniya starogo gazetchika. Available at http://magazines.russ.ru/znamia/2001/4/sirov.html (accessed February 22, 2016).
Szpunar P. (2012). Western journalism’s “Other”: The legacy of the Cold War in the comparative study of journalism. Journalism, 13(3), pp. 320.
Tankova Y. (2012). Umirayushchie deti–eto tak smeshno. Available at www.kp.ru/daily/25970/2907255/ (accessed October 21, 2012).
Tanuma S. (2007). Post-Utopian irony: Cuban narratives during the “special period” decade. Political and Legal Anthropology Review (PoLAR), 30(1), pp. 4666.
Taroshchina S. (2012). Davai sverlit’ drug drugu nogi. Available at www.novayagazeta.ru/columns/54960.html (accessed February 15, 2016).
Tocqueville A. (1954). Democracy in America. New York: Vintage Books.
Tolkunova T. (2002). Dvazhdy glavnyi. Moscow: Russkaya kniga.
Troitsky A. (2011). Osoboe mnenie. Available at www.echo.msk.ru/programs/personalno/783722-echo/ (accessed February 15, 2016).
Troitsky A. (2012). Okkupai ne okupaem? Available at www.colta.ru/docs/4253 (accessed February 2, 2015)
Trudolyubov M. (2011). U nikh vse khorosho. Available at www.vedomosti.ru/opinion/news/1379453/nizhnyaya_chast_vlasti (accessed February 15, 2016).
Trudolyubov M. (2013). Pochemu vse eto ne smeshno. Available at www.vedomosti.ru/opinion/news/10670871/ne_smeshno (accessed February 2, 2016).
Tsipursky G. (2010). “As a citizen, I cannot ignore these facts”: Whistleblowing in the Khrushchev era. Jahrbucher fur Gechichte Osteuropas, 58(1), pp. 5269.
Tsipursky G. (2012). Having fun in the thaw: Youth initiative clubs in the post-Stalin years. Carl Beck Papers in Russian and East European Studies, 2163–839X( 2201).
Tuchman G. (1978). Making news: A study in the construction of reality. New York: Free Press.
Turkova K. (2011). Strakh massovoi informatsii. Available at http://grani.ru/blogs/free/entries/191895.html (accessed February 15, 2016).
Turova V. (2012). Blogpost. Available at www.facebook.com/VarvaraTurova/posts/2893971512123 (accessed February 2, 2016).
Turovsky D. (2011). “Vy – surkovskaya propaganda”: Grigory Melkonyants o novom sposobe obshcheniya s zhurnalistami. Available at http://gorod.afisha.ru/archive/vi-surkovskaya-propaganda/ (accessed February 15, 2016).
Udaltsov A. (2005). Delayem gazetu vmeste: Glavnyi redaktor, zhurnalisty, chitateli. Moscow: Institut zhurnalistiki i literaturnogo tvorchestva.
Ugarov M. (2012). Teatr.doc – chast’ protestnogo soznaniya. Available at www.novayagazeta.ru/arts/51009.html (accessed February 13, 2016).
Underwood D. (1993). When MBAs rule the newsroom: How the marketers and managers are reshaping today’s media. New York: Columbia University Press.
Underwood D. (2008). Journalism and the novel: Truth and fiction. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Urzhanov A. (2012). S etoi nedeli ja bolshe ne rabotayu na NTV. Available at www.novayagazeta.ru/blogs/126/53332.html (accessed February 2, 2016).
Vaksberg A. (2011). Ocherk o sudebnom ocherke. Available at www.lgz.ru/article/16428/ (accessed February 15, 2016).
Varfolomeyev V. (2012). Postupok. Available at http://varfolomeev.livejournal.com/652693.html (accessed February 2, 2016).
Vedomosti (2011). Politik goda: Alexei Navalnyi. Available at www.vedomosti.ru/newspaper/article/273807/politik_goda (accessed February 2, 2016).
Verdery K. (1996). What was socialism, and what comes next? Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Verdery K. (2003). The vanishing hectare: Property and value in postsocialist Transylvania. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Verner A. (1995). Discursive strategies in the 1905 Revolution: Peasant petitions from Vladimir province. Russian Review, 54(1), pp. 6590.
Viola L. (1987). The best sons of the fatherland: Workers in the vanguard of Soviet collectivization. New York: Oxford University Press.
Viola L. (2000). Popular resistance in the Stalinist 1930s: Soliloquy of a devil’s advocate. Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History, 1(1), pp. 4569.
Viola L. (2002). The Cold War in American Soviet historiography and the end of the Soviet Union. Russian Review, 61(1), pp. 2534.
Volkov A. (2000). Iz publitsistov-tekhnologov my prevrashchalis’ v obshchestvovedov. In Volkov A., Pugacheva M., and Yarmolyuk S. (eds.), Pressa v obshchestve (1959–2000): Otsenki zhurnalistov i sotsiologov. Dokumenty (pp. 93107). Moscow: Moscow School of Political Research.
Volkov A. (2010). Opasnaya professiya: Nravy moego vremeni v zhurnalistike i obshchestve. St. Petersburg: Gelikon-Plus.
Volkov A. (2002). Violent entrepreneurs: The use of force in the making of Russian capitalism. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Voltmer K. (2013). The media in transitional democracies. Cambridge, MA: Polity.
Voshchanov P. (2003). On upertyi ili emu chto-to nado? Available at http://ys.novayagazeta.ru/text/2003–07-07–03.shtml (accessed April 26, 2016).
Vostrov V. (2012). Nulyovye (a documentary film). Available at www.youtube.com/watch?v=1OQGs5gpUhc (accessed February 15, 2016).
Wahl-Jorgensen K. (2002). The construction of the public in letters to the editor: Deliberative democracy and the idiom of insanity. Journalism, 3(2), pp. 183204.
Wahl-Jorgensen K. (2013). Considering emotion in mediated public participation. In Gates K. (ed.), Media studies futures. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
Wahl-Jorgensen K., and Hunt J. (2012). Journalism, accountability and the possibilities for structural critique: A case study of coverage of whistleblowing. Journalism, 13(4), pp. 399416.
Waisbord S. (2000). Watchdog journalism in South America: News, accountability, and democracy. New York: Columbia University Press.
Waisbord S. (2013). Reinventing professionalism: Journalism and news in global perspective. Cambridge, MA: Polity.
Watts Miller W. (1996). Durkheim, morals and modernity. London: UCL Press.
Weber M. (1946). Politics as a vocation. In Gerth H. and Mills C. W. (eds.), From Max Weber: Essays in sociology (pp. 77128). New York: Oxford University Press.
Weiner A. (2001). Making sense of war. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
West H. G., and Sanders T. (2003). Transparency and conspiracy: Ethnographies of suspicion in the new world order. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Whitt J. (2008). Settling the borderland: Other voices in literary journalism. Lanham, MD: University Press of America.
Williams B. (1985). Ethics and the limits of philosophy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Williams B. (2002). Truth and truthfulness: An essay in genealogy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Wolfe T. (2006). Governing Soviet journalism: The press and the socialist person after Stalin. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Woodruff D. (1999). Money unmade: Barter and the fate of Russian capitalism. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Yakovlev Y. (2000). Pressa ravna obshchestvennomu sostoyaniyu. In Volkov A., Pugacheva M., and Yarmolyuk S. (eds.), Pressa v obshchestve (1959–2000): Otsenki zhurnalistov i sotsiologov. Dokumenty (pp. 258271). Moscow: Moscow School of Political Research.
Yakovlev Y., and Nenashev M. (2003). Glavnyi redaktor – eto ne professiya. Available at http://2003.novayagazeta.ru/nomer/2003/38n/n38n-s20.shtml (accessed February 22, 2016).
Yampolsky M. (2014). V strane pobedivsheko resentimenta. Available at http://m.colta.ru/articles/specials/4887 (accessed June 2, 2016).
Yanov A. (1995). Posle Yeltsina. Veimarskaya Rossiya. Moscow: Kruk Publishers.
Yashin I. (2012). Pro podlosti i oshibki. Available at http://yashin.livejournal.com/1118403.html (accessed February 2, 2016).
Yurchak A. (1997). The cynical reason of late Socialism: Power, pretense, and the Anekdot. Public Culture, 9(2), pp. 161188.
Yurchak A. (1999). Gagarin and the Rave Kids: Transforming power, identity, and aesthetics in post-Soviet nightlife. In Barker A. (ed.), Consuming Russia: Popular culture, sex, and society since Gorbachev (pp. 76109). Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Yurchak A. (2006). Everything was forever, until it was no more: The last Soviet generation. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Yurchak A. (2008). Post-post-Communist sincerity: Pioneers, cosmonauts, and other Soviet heroes born today. In Lahusen T. and Solomon P. H. (eds.), What is Soviet now? Identities, legacies, memories (pp. 257276). Berlin: LIT Verlag.
Yurchak A. (2011). A parasite from outer space: How Sergei Kurekhin proved that Lenin was a mushroom. Slavic Review, 70(2), pp. 307333.
Yurchak A. (2016). 86% podderzhki Putina – absolutnaya chush. Available at https://focus.ua/world/350070/ (accessed May 25, 2016).
Zakharko V., Kondrashov S., and Shinkarev L. (eds.). (2006). Vospominaniya ob Aleksandre Bovine: politik, zhurnalist, diplomat. Moscow: Liubimaya Rossiya.
Zasursky I. (2004). Media and power in post-Soviet Russia. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe.
Zdovc S. (2009). More stories, more readers? Feature writing in Slovene newspapers. Journalism Practice, 3(3), pp. 319334.
Zelizer B. (2004). Taking journalism seriously: News and the academy. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
Zelizer B. (2013). On the shelf life of democracy in journalism scholarship. Journalism, 14(4), pp. 459473.
Zelizer B. (2015). Terms of choice: Uncertainty, journalism, and crisis. Journal of Communication, 65(5), pp. 888908.
Zhao Y. (2008). Communication in China: Political economy, power, and conflict. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
Zhao Y. (2011). Sustaining and contesting revolutionary legacies in media and ideology. In Heilmann S. and Perry E. (eds.), Mao’s invisible hand: The political foundations of adaptive governance in China (pp. 201236). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Zhao Y. (2012). Understanding China’s media system in a world historial context. In Hallin D. and Mancini P. (eds.), Comparing media systems beyond the Western world (pp. 143176). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Zheleznova M. (2013). Bloger-anonym rasskazal, kak otyskal informatsiyu o nedvizhimosti Pekhtina. Available at www.vedomosti.ru/politics/news/9041581/est_personazhi_po_kotorym_budet_neplohoj_vzryv_v_golove (accessed February 13, 2016).
Zhurnalist. (1990). Kak nas teper nazyvat?. Zhurnalist, 8, pp. 25.
Žižek S. (1989). The sublime object of ideology. New York: Verso.
Žižek S. (2012). Absolutnyi tsinizm – eto iznachalno nezhiznesposobnaya pozitsiya. Available at www.theoryandpractice.ru/posts/5280-filosof-slavoy-zhizhek-absolyutnyy-tsinizm--eto-iznachalno-nezhiznesposobnaya-pozitsiya (accessed April 10, 2017).

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 16
Total number of PDF views: 107 *
Loading metrics...

Book summary page views

Total views: 508 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 22nd September 2017 - 16th December 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.