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    This (lowercase (translateProductType product.productType)) has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Broad, Jacqueline 2014. Women on Liberty in Early Modern England. Philosophy Compass, Vol. 9, Issue. 2, p. 112.


    Schabert, Ina 2014. From Feminist to Integrationist Literary History: 18th Century Studies 2005-2013. Literature Compass, Vol. 11, Issue. 10, p. 667.


    Boyle, Deborah 2011. The New Science and Women’s Literary Discourse. p. 99.

    Smith, Nigel 2010. The Intellectual Culture of Puritan Women, 1558–1680. p. 190.

    Sowaal, Alice 2007. Mary Astell's Serious Proposal: Mind, Method, and Custom. Philosophy Compass, Vol. 2, Issue. 2, p. 227.


    Bowers, Toni 2007. Gender Studies and Eighteenth-Century British Literature. Literature Compass, Vol. 4, Issue. 4, p. 935.


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    Mary Astell
    • Online ISBN: 9780511499203
    • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511499203
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Book description

Philosopher, theologian, educational theorist, feminist and political pamphleteer, Mary Astell was an important figure in the history of ideas of the early modern period. Among the first systematic critics of John Locke's entire corpus, she is best known for the famous question which prefaces her Reflections on Marriage: 'If all men are born free, how is it that all women are born slaves?' She is claimed by modern Republican theorists and feminists alike but, as a Royalist High Church Tory, the peculiar constellation of her views sits uneasily with modern commentators. Patricia Springborg's study addresses these apparent paradoxes, recovering the historical and philosophical contexts to her thought. She shows that Astell was not alone in her views; rather, she was part of a cohort of early modern women philosophers who were important for the reception of Descartes and who grappled with the existential problems of a new age.

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Primary Texts
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Astell Mary. 1704a. A Fair Way with the Dissenters and Their Patrons. London: Printed for E. by R. Wilkin at the King's Head in St. Paul's Church-yard (Folger Library, BX5202.A7.Cage). Reprinted in Patricia Springborg, Mary Astell (1666–1731), Political Writings. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996
Astell Mary. 1704b. An Impartial Enquiry into the Causes of Rebellion and Civil War in this Kingdom in an Examination of Dr. Kennett's Sermon, Jan. 31, 1703/4 and Vindication of the Royal Martyr. London: Printed by E. for R. Wilkin at the King's Head in St. Paul's Church-yard (Folger Library, BV 4253.K4.C75.Cage). Reprinted in Patricia Springborg, Mary Astell (1666–1731), Political Writings
Astell Mary. 1704c. Moderation Truly Stated: or a Review of a Late Pamphlet, Entitul'd Moderation a Virtue, or, The Occasional Conformist Justified from the Imputation of Hypocricy…. With a Prefatory Discourse to Dr. D'Avenant, Concerning His Late Essays on Peace and War. London: Printed by J. L. for Richard Wilkin at the King's Head in St. Paul's Church-yard (Folger Library, BX5202.A8.Cage)
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