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Megaprojects and Risk
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  • Cited by 623
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    This book has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Sato, Carlos 2019. Problem Structuring Approaches for the Management of Projects. p. 117.

    Song, Jinbo Li, Yi Feng, Zhuo and Wang, Huanming 2019. Cluster Analysis of the Intellectual Structure of PPP Research. Journal of Management in Engineering, Vol. 35, Issue. 1, p. 04018053.

    Čamprag, Nebojša 2019. Re-imagineering Belgrade and Skopje: urban megaprojects between politics and struggle. European Planning Studies, Vol. 27, Issue. 1, p. 181.

    Little, Stephen 2019. Problem Structuring Approaches for the Management of Projects. p. 215.

    Nachbagauer, Andreas G.M. and Schirl-Boeck, Iris 2019. Managing the unexpected in megaprojects: riding the waves of resilience. International Journal of Managing Projects in Business,

    Smith, Göran Sochor, Jana and Karlsson, I.C. MariAnne 2019. Public–private innovation: barriers in the case of mobility as a service in West Sweden. Public Management Review, Vol. 21, Issue. 1, p. 116.

    Crosby, Phil 2019. Advanced Methodologies and Technologies in Business Operations and Management. p. 1387.

    Saadi, Shah and Bell, Gary 2019. Problem Structuring Approaches for the Management of Projects. p. 161.

    Hassim, Salihudin Muniandy, Ratnasamy Alias, Aidi Hizami and Abdullah, Pedram 2018. Construction tender price estimation standardization (TPES) in Malaysia. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, Vol. 25, Issue. 3, p. 443.

    Beauregard, Robert 2018. The Entanglements of Uncertainty. Journal of Planning Education and Research, p. 0739456X1878303.

    Al Nahyan, Moza Tahnoon Hawas, Yaser E. Raza, Mohsin Aljassmi, Hamad Maraqa, Munjed A. Basheerudeen, Basil and Mohammad, Mohammad Sherif 2018. A fuzzy-based decision support system for ranking the delivery methods of mega projects. International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, Vol. 11, Issue. 1, p. 122.

    de Satgé, Richard and Watson, Vanessa 2018. Urban Planning in the Global South. p. 221.

    Sheng, Zhaohan 2018. Fundamental Theories of Mega Infrastructure Construction Management. Vol. 259, Issue. , p. 13.

    Sarkheyli, Elnaz and Rafieian, Mojtaba 2018. Megaprojects and community participation: South Waterfront project in Portland, Oregon. Housing and Society, Vol. 45, Issue. 2, p. 104.

    Sheng, Zhaohan 2018. Fundamental Theories of Mega Infrastructure Construction Management. Vol. 259, Issue. , p. 135.


    De Rezende, Leandro Bolzan Blackwell, Paul and Pessanha Gonçalves, Marcio Denys 2018. Research Focuses, Trends, and Major Findings on Project Complexity: A Bibliometric Network Analysis of 50 Years of Project Complexity Research. Project Management Journal, Vol. 49, Issue. 1, p. 42.

    Zhang, Jinwen and Qiu, Yumin 2018. Complex integrity and the improved DB mode in infrastructure mega-projects: how does the improved DB mode degrade the complex integrity of infrastructure mega-projects? Evidence from the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge project in China. Frontiers of Engineering Management,

    Habibi, Mohammadreza Kermanshachi, Sharareh and Safapour, Elnaz 2018. Engineering, Procurement, and Construction Cost and Schedule Performance Leading Indicators: State-of-the-Art Review. p. 378.

    Thierie, Wouter and De Moor, Lieven 2018. Determinants of bank loan spread in project finance. International Journal of Managing Projects in Business,


Book description

Megaprojects and Risk provides the first detailed examination of the phenomenon of megaprojects. It is a fascinating account of how the promoters of multi-billion dollar megaprojects systematically and self-servingly misinform parliaments, the public and the media in order to get projects approved and built. It shows, in unusual depth, how the formula for approval is an unhealthy cocktail of underestimated costs, overestimated revenues, undervalued environmental impacts and overvalued economic development effects. This results in projects that are extremely risky, but where the risk is concealed from MPs, taxpayers and investors. The authors not only explore the problems but also suggest practical solutions drawing on theory, experience and hard, scientific evidence from the several hundred projects in twenty nations and five continents that illustrate the book. Accessibly written, it will be the standard reference for students, scholars, planners, economists, auditors, politicians and interested citizens for many years to come.


‘Life is too short to read every tome penned by Scandinavian and German social scientists. But Megaprojects and Risk, written by Bent Flyvbjerg, Nils Bruzelius and Werner Rothengatter, is a cracker. In lurid and startling detail it examines dozens of vast construction schemes around the world.'

Source: The Times

‘… impressive … Get the book and read the story. It’s megamazing.’

Source: Law Society Journal

‘I will use this book for many years to come in my urban planning classes … Anyone concerned with public works projects, planning, and ethics in public policy making should read this book. It provides a genuinely original perspective.’

Martin Wachs - University of California, Berkeley

‘This book is a warning against the betrayal of public trust when hubris and profit come together. It shows that some decisions are too important to be left only to the accredited experts; that there is no substitute for a post-normal science involving citizens’ active participation … We should all learn the lesson brought home by this book, and never accept uncritically the experts’ ‘magic numbers’ that are used to justify megaprojects.’

Silvio Funtowicz and Jerry Ravetz - authors of Uncertainty and Quality of Science for Policy

‘Reading this fascinating story … one is reminded of Enron and similar affairs … recommends itself.’

Andreas Faludi - University of Nijmegen

‘The book is provocative throughout, documenting the often dismal performance history of these huge projects and calling attention to the forces that make reform a formidable undertaking.’

Source: Civil Engineering

‘Megaprojects and Risk is an important and innovative book. It should be required reading for any serious student of planning and project management, as well as for professionals concerned with the planning and financing of public projects.’

Peter Hall - Institute of Community Studies, London

‘… should be required reading for anybody in government with any role of budgetary oversight.’

Source: Moneyweb

‘The book is of enormous practical relevance, written by a team whose empirical engagement with their material - and what important empirical and theoretical material it is - is exemplary … This is a social science that matters - because it makes a difference.’

Stewart Clegg - University of Technology, Sydney

‘… fascinating … Do read this book.’

Source: Financial Express

‘… a thought-provoking book that presents a clear, concise, and readable argument to change the ways large infrastructure projects are managed around the world.’

Source: Environment & Planning

‘For readers interested in project management, Megaprojects and Risk is a must.’Barbara Czarniawska, School of Economics and Commercial Law, Gothenburg University‘In particular, the aspect of unstoppable projects seems to be of pivotal interest and has been overlooked in literature on planning until recently. Flyvbjerg et al. fill this gap … a fascinating reading that convincingly illustrates shortcomings, pitfalls and strategies of megaproject developments … I can only recommend people to read this book even if planning, reform or risk analysis are currently only of remote interest to the reader - this book might change this.’

Source: British Journal of Sociology

‘Many people talk about deliberative democracy, but few have actually done it. Megaprojects and Risk is an important contribution to the literature showing how it is possible for us to deliberate rationally and publicly about risk and those large scale decisions that are increasingly the concern of modern politics.’

James Bohman - St Louis University

‘Love them or loathe them, megaprojects capture the imagination … And Bent Flyvbjerg’s damning analysis concentrates on a series of financial nightmares that should bring even the most casual reader out in a sweat.’

Source: New Scientist

‘Megaprojects and Risk provides a fascinating look at the pervasiveness of misinformation in the planning of major construction projects and the systematic bias of such misinformation toward justifying project implementation. The power of its analysis is vastly reinforced by the range of cases examined, extending over seventy years and five continents. An extraordinary accomplishment, it will doubtless serve as the standard reference on this topic for many years to come.'

Alan Altshuler - Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University

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