Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
The Morality of Knowledge in Conversation
  • Cited by 120
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Buy the print book

Book description

Each time we take a turn in conversation we indicate what we know and what we think others know. However, knowledge is neither static nor absolute. It is shaped by those we interact with and governed by social norms - we monitor one another for whether we are fulfilling our rights and responsibilities with respect to knowledge, and for who has relatively more rights to assert knowledge over some state of affairs. This book brings together an international team of leading linguists, sociologists and anthropologists working across a range of European and Asian languages to document some of the ways in which speakers manage the moral domain of knowledge in conversation. The volume demonstrates that if we are to understand how speakers manage issues of agreement, affiliation and alignment - something clearly at the heart of human sociality - we must understand the social norms surrounding epistemic access, primacy and responsibilities.

Refine List

Actions for selected content:

Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
×

Contents

References
Aijmer, K. (1977). “Partiklarna ju och väl [The particles ju and väl].” Nysvenska Studier 57: 205–216.
Aijmer, K. (1996). “I think – an English modal particle.” In Swan, T. and Westvik, O. J. (eds.) Modality in Germanic Languages. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, pp. 1–47.
Aikhenvald, A. Y. (2004). Evidentiality. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Atkinson, J. M. and Heritage, J. (eds.) (1984). Structures of Social Action: Studies in Conversation Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Allan, R., Holmes, P. and Lundskær-Nielsen, T. (1995). Danish: A Comprehensive Grammar. London: Routledge.
Antinucci, F. and Miller, R. (1975). “How children talk about what happened.” Journal of Child Language 3: 167–189.
Auer, P. (1995). “The pragmatics of code-switching: a sequential approach.” In
 Milroy, L. and Muysken, P. (eds.) One Speaker, Two Languages: Cross-disciplinary Perspectives on Codeswitching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 115–135.
Austin, J. L. (1961). “A plea for excuses.” In Urmson, J. O. and Warnock, G. J. (eds.) Philosophical Papers. Oxford: Clarendon Press, pp. 123–152.
Austin, J. L. (1962). How To Do Things with Words. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Austin, J. L. (1971) [1963]. “Performative-constative.” In Searle, J. R. (ed.) The Philosophy of Language. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 13–22.
Axelrod, R. (1984). The Evolution of Cooperation. New York: Basic Books.
Baron-Cohen, S. (2003). The Essential Difference. New York: Basic Books.
Barth, F. (2002). “An anthropology of knowledge.” Current Anthropology 43: 1–18.
Bavelas, J. B., Coates, L. and Johnson, T. (2000). “Listeners as co-narrators.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 79(6): 941–52.
Beach, W. and Dixson, C. N. (2001). “Revealing moments: formulating understandings of adverse experiences in a health appraisal interview.” Social Science and Medicine 52: 25–44.
Beach, W. and Metzger, T. R. (1997). “Claiming insufficient knowledge”. Human Communication Research 23(4): 562–588.
Beattie, G. (2003). Visible Thought: The New Psychology of Body Language. London: Routledge.
Berger, P. L. and Luckmann, T. (1966). The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge. Garden City, NY: Anchor Books.
Betz, E. and Golato, A. (2008). “Remembering relevant information and withholding relevant next actions: the German token ‘achja.’Research on Language and Social Interaction 41(1): 58–98.
Biber, D., Johansson, S., Leech, G., Conrad, S. and Finegan, E. (1999). Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English. London: Longman.
Bolden, G. B. (2009). “Beyond answering: repeat-prefaced responses in conversation.” Communication Monographs 76(2): 121–143.
Boyd, R. (2006). “Culture and the evolution of the human social instincts.” In Enfield, N. J. and Levinson, S. C. (eds.) Roots of Human Sociality: Culture, Cognition, and Interaction. London: Berg, pp. 453–477.
Boyd, R. and Richerson, P. J. (2005). The Origin and Evolution of Cultures. New York: Oxford University Press.
Brandom, R. B. (1994). Making It Explicit: Reasoning, Representing, and Discursive Commitment. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Brandom, R. B. (2000). Articulating Reasons: An Introduction to Inferentialism. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Brown, P. (in press). “The cultural organization of attention.” In Ochs, E., 
Duranti, A. and Schieffelin, B. (eds.) Handbook of Language Socialization. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.
Brown, P. and Levinson, S. C. (1987). Politeness: Some Universals in Language Usage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Chafe, W. (1976). “Givenness, contrastiveness, definiteness, subjects, topics and point of view.” In Li, C. (ed.) Subject and Topic. New York: Academic Press.
Chafe, W. (1986). “Evidentiality in English conversation and academic writing.” In Chafe, W. and Nichols, J. (eds.) Studies in Evidentiality. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, pp. 261–272.
Chafe, W. and Nichols, J. (1986). Evidentiality: The Linguistic Coding of Epistemology. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.
Cheng, C. (1987). “Shuujoshi: hanashite to kikite no ninshiki no gyappu o umeru tame no bun-setsuji [Sentence-final particles: sentence clitics for closing the gap between the speaker's and the hearer's recognition].” Nihongogaku 6: 93–109.
Chevalier, F. (2008). “Unfinished turns in French conversation: how context matters.” Research on Language and Social Interaction 41(1): 1–30.
Christensen, R. Z. and Christensen, L. (2005). Dansk grammatik [Danish Grammar]. Odense: Syddansk Universitetsforlag.
Clark, H. H. (1992). Arenas of Language Use. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Clark, H. H. (1996). Using Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Clayman, S. E. (2001). “Answers and evasions.” Language in Society 30(3): 403–442.
Clayman, S. E. (2002). “Sequence and solidarity.” In Lawler, E. J. and Thye, S. R. (eds.) Advances in Group Processes: Group Cohesion, Trust, and Solidarity. Oxford: Elsevier Science, pp. 229–253.
Clayman, S. E. (2010). “Address terms in the service of other actions: the case of news interview talk.” Discourse and Communication 4: 161–183.
Clayman, S. E. and Heritage, J. (2002). “Questioning presidents: journalistic deference and adversarialness in the press conferences of U.S. presidents Eisenhower and Reagan.” Journal of Communication 52(4): 749–775.
Clift, R. (2006). “Indexing stance: reported speech as an interactional evidential.” Journal of Sociolinguistics 10(5): 569–595.
Coulmas, F. (ed.) (1986). Direct and Indirect Speech. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Couper-Kuhlen, E. (2009). “A sequential approach to affect: the case of ‘disappointment.’” In Haakana, M., Laakso, M. and Lindstrom, J. (eds.) Talk in Interaction: Comparative Dimensions. Helsinki: Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura (Finnish Literature Society), pp. 94–123.
Curl, T. S. and Drew, P. (2008). “Contingency and action: a comparison of two forms of requesting.” Research on Language and Social Interaction 41(2): 129–153.
Danby, S. and Baker, C. (1998). “‘What's the problem?’ Restoring social order in the pre-school classroom.” In Hutchby, I. and Moran-Ellis, J. (eds.) Children and Social Competence: Arenas of Action. London: Falmer, pp. 157–186.
Davidson, J. (1984). “Subsequent versions of invitations, offers, requests, and ­proposals dealing with potential or actual rejection.” In Atkinson, J. M. and 
Heritage, J. (eds.) Structures of Social Action: Studies in Conversation Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 102–128.
Haan, F. (2008). “Semantic distinctions of evidentiality.” In Haspelmath, M., Dryer, M. S., Gil, D. and Comrie, B. (eds.) The World Atlas of Language Structures Online. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library, ch. 77.
Ruiter, J. P., Mitterer, H. and Enfield, N. J. (2006). “Projecting the end of a speaker's turn: a cognitive cornerstone of conversation.” Language 82(3): 515–535.
Diani, G. (2004). “The discourse functions of I don't know in English conversation.” In Aijmer, K. and Stenström, A. -B. (eds.) Discourse Patterns in Spoken and Written Corpora. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, pp. 157–171.
Drew, P. (1991). “Asymmetries of knowledge in conversational interactions.” In Marková, I. and Foppa, K. (eds.) Asymmetries in Dialogue. Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf, pp. 29–48.
Drew, P. (1992). “Contested evidence in courtroom cross-examination: the case of a trial for rape.” In Drew, P. and Heritage, J. (eds.) Talk at Work: Interaction in Institutional Settings. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 470–520.
Drew, P. (1993). “Complaints about transgression and misconduct.” Research on Language and Social Interaction 31: 295–325.
Drew, P. (1997). “‘Open’ class repair initiators in response to sequential sources of trouble in conversation.” Journal of Pragmatics 28: 69–101.
Drew, P. and Walker, T. (2008). “Going too far: complaining, escalating and disaffiliation.” Journal of Pragmatics 41: 2400–2414.
Dunbar, R. I. M. (1988). Primate Social Systems. London: Croom Helm.
Dunbar, R. I. M. (1996). Grooming, Gossip and the Evolution of Language. London: Faber and Faber.
Durkheim, E. (1915). The Elementary Forms of Religious Life. London: George Allen and Unwin.
Durkheim, E. (1997) [1893]. The Division of Labor in Society. New York: The Free Press.
Edwards, D. (1997). Discourse and Cognition. London: Sage.
Edwards, D. and Potter, J. (1992). Discursive Psychology. London: Sage.
Egbert, M. (1997). “Schisming: the collaborative transformation from a single conversation to multiple conversations.” Research on Language and Social Interaction 30: 1–51.
Eisenberg, N. and Fabes, R. A. (1990). “Empathy: conceptualization, measurement, and relation to prosocial behavior.” Motivation and Emotion 14: 131–149.
Emmertsen, S. and Heinemann, T. (2010). “Realization as a device for remedying problems of affiliation in interaction.” Research on Language and Social Interaction 3(2): 109–132.
Enfield, N. J. (2006). “Social consequences of common ground.” In Enfield, N. J. and Levinson, S. C. (eds.) Roots of Human Sociality: Culture, Cognition and Interaction. Oxford: Berg, pp. 399–430.
Enfield, N. J. (2007). A Grammar of Lao. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Enfield, N. J. (2009). The Anatomy of Meaning: Speech, Gesture, and Composite Utterances. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Eriksson, M. (1988). “Ju, väl, då, va, alltså: en studie av talaktsadverbial i stockholmskt talspråk [Ju, väl, då, va, alltså: a study of speech act adverbials in Stockholm spoken language].” Studier i stockholmsspråk 1. (Meddelanden från Institutionen för nordiska språk vid Stockholm universitet 26. Stockholm: Univ. Inst. för nordiska språk.)
Erman, B. (2001). “Pragmatic markers revisited with a focus on you know in adult and adolescent talk.” Journal of Pragmatics 33: 1337–1359.
Fiske, S. T. and Taylor, S. E. (1984). Social Cognition. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Forgas, J. P. (1981). Social Cognition. London: Academic Press.
Fox, B. (2001). “Evidentiality: authority, responsibility, and entitlement in English conversation.” Journal of Linguistic Anthropology 11(2): 167–192.
Fox Tree, J. E. and Schrock, J. C. (2002). “Basic meanings of you know and I mean.” Journal of Pragmatics 34: 727–747.
Franckel, J. J. and Lebaud, D. (1990). Les Figures du sujet: à propos des verbes de perception, sentiment, connaissance. Paris-Gap: Ophrys.
Freese, J. and Maynard, D. W. (1998). “Prosodic features of bad news and good news in conversation.” Language in Society 27: 195–219.
Garvey, C. (1977). Play. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Garfinkel, H. (1952). “The perception of the other: a study in social order.” Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Harvard University.
Garfinkel, H. (1967). Studies in Ethnomethodology. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Garfinkel, H., Lynch, M. and Livingston, E. (1981). “The work of a discovering science construed with materials from the optically discovered pulsar.” Philosophy of the Social Sciences 11: 131–158.
Garfinkel, H. and Wieder, D. L. (1992). “Two incommensurable, asymmetrically alternate technologies of social analysis.” In Watson, G. and Seiler, R. M. (eds.) Text in Context: Contributions to Ethnomethodology. Newbury Park, CA: Sage, pp. 175–206.
Gartrell, D. (2004). The Power of Guidance: Teaching Social–Emotional Skills in the Early Childhood Classroom. Clifton Park, NY: Delmar Learning.
Gigerenzer, G. (2007). Gut Feelings: Short Cuts to Better Decision Making. London: Penguin.
Gill, V. (1998). “Doing attributions in medical interaction: patients' explanations for illness and doctors' responses.” Social Psychology Quarterly 61: 342–360.
Gill, V. and Maynard, D. W. (2006). “Explaining illness: patients' proposals and physicians' responses.” In Heritage, J. and Maynard, Douglas (eds.) Communication in Medical Care: Interactions between Primary Care Physicians and Patients. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 115–150.
Givón, T. (1982). “Evidentiality and epistemic space.” Studies in Language 6: 23–49.
Givón, T. (1989). Mind, Code, and Context: Essays in Pragmatics. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Goffman, E. (1971a). Relations in Public: Microstudies of the Public Order. New York: Harper and Row.
Goffman, E. (1971b). “Remedial interchanges.” In Goffman, E., Relations in Public: Microstudies of the Public Order. New York: Harper and Row, pp. 95–187.
Goffman, E. (1981). Forms of Talk. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Golato, A. and Betz, E. (2008). “German ach and achso in repair uptake: resources to sustain or remove epistemic asymmetry.” Zeitschrift für Sprachwissenschaft 27: 7–37.
Golato, A. and Fagyal, Z. (2008). “Comparing single and double sayings of the German response token ja and the role of prosody: a conversation analytic perspective.” Research on Language and Social Interaction 41(3): 241–270.
Goldman, L. R. (1998). Child's Play: Myth, Mimesis and Make-believe. Oxford New York: Berg.
Gombrich, E. (1963). Meditations on a Hobby Horse and Other Essays on the Theory of Art. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Göncü, A. (1987). “Toward an interactional model of development changes in social pretend play.” In Katz, L. (ed.) Current Topics in Early Childhood Education. Norwood: Ablex, pp. 108–125.
Göncü, A. (1993). “Development of intersubjectivity in social pretend play.” Human Development 36(4): 185–198.
Goodwin, C. (1979). “The interactive construction of a sentence in natural conversation.” In Psathas, G. (ed.) Everyday Language: Studies in Ethnomethodology. New York: Irvington Publishers, pp. 97–121.
Goodwin, C. (1980). “Restarts, pauses, and the achievement of mutual gaze at turn-­beginning.” Sociological Inquiry 50: 272–302.
Goodwin, C. (1981). Conversational Organization: Interaction between Speakers and Hearers. New York: Academic Press.
Goodwin, C. (1984). “Notes on story structure and the organization of participation.” In Atkinson, J. M. and Heritage, J. (eds.) Structures of Social Action: Studies in Conversation Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 225–246.
Goodwin, C. (1986). “Between and within: alternative treatments of continuers and assessments.” Human Studies 9: 205–217.
Goodwin, C. (1987). “Forgetfulness as an interactive resource.” Social Psychology Quarterly 50(2): 115–131.
Goodwin, C. (2000). “Action and embodiment within situated human interaction.” Journal of Pragmatics 32: 1489–1522.
Goodwin, C. and Goodwin, M. H. (1987). “Concurrent operations on talk: notes on the interactive organization of assessments.” IPrA Papers in Pragmatics 1(1): 1–52.
Goodwin, C. and Goodwin, M. H. (1992). “Assessments and the construction of context.” In Duranti, A. and Goodwin, C. (eds.) Rethinking Context. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 147–189.
Goodwin, C. and Goodwin, M. H. (2004). “Participation.” In Duranti, A. (ed.) A Companion to Linguistic Anthropology. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, pp. 222–244.
Goodwin, M. H. (1980). “Processes of mutual monitoring implicated in the production of description sequences.” Sociological Inquiry 50: 303–317.
Goody, E. N.(ed.) (1995). Social Intelligence and Interaction: Expressions and Implications of the Social Bias in Human Intelligence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Grice, H. P. (1975). “Logic and conversation.” In Cole, P. and Morgan, J. L. (eds.) Syntax and semantics: Speech Acts. New York: Academic Press, pp. 41–58.
Grice, H. P. (1989). Studies in the Way of Words. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Haakana, M. (2001). “Laughter as a patient's resource: dealing with delicate aspects of medical interaction.” Text 21(1/2): 187–219.
Hakulinen, A. (2001a) [1976]. “Liitepartikkelin -han/-hän syntaksia ja pragmatiikkaa [On the syntax and pragmatics of the clitic -han/-hän].” In Laitinen, L., Nuolijärvi, P., Sorjonen, M.-L. and Vilkuna, M. (eds.) Lukemisto. Helsinki: Suomalaisen Kirjallisunden Seura (Finnish Literature Society), pp. 44–90.
Hakulinen, A. (2001b). “Minimal and non-minimal answers to questions.” Pragmatics 11: 1–16.
Hakulinen, A. and Steensig, J. (in preparation). “Ingressive speech in interaction.” Manuscript, University of Helsinki.
Halliday, M. A. K. (1967). Intonation and Grammar in British English. The Hague: Mouton.
Hanks, W. F. (1996). “Exorcism and the description of participant roles.” In 
Silverstein, M. and Urban, G. (eds.) Natural Histories of Discourse. Chicago: Chicago Linguistic Society, pp. 160–220.
Hansen, E. and Heltoft, L. (2008). Grammatik over det Danske Sprog. Kap. II Ordklassern [Grammar of the Danish Language. Ch. II Word Classes]. Roskilde: Roskilde University.
Hauser, M. (2006). Moral Minds: How Nature Designed Our Universal Sense of Right and Wrong. New York: Ecco.
Haviland, J. (1987). “Fighting words: evidential particles, affect and argument.” Proceedings of the Thirteenth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society. Berkeley: Berkeley Linguistics Society.
Hayano, K. (2007a). “Preference for congruent epistemic stance: Japanese sentence final particles and stance coordination”. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Communication Association. Chicago, Illinois.
Hayano, K. (2007b). “Repetitional agreement and anaphorical agreement: negotiation of affiliation and disaffiliation in Japanese conversation.” Unpublished Master's thesis. Dept. of Applied Linguistics, University of California, Los Angeles.
Heinemann, T. (2003). “Negation in interaction, in Danish conversation.” Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Department of Sociology, University of York.
Heinemann, T. (2005). “Where grammar and interaction meet: the preference for matched polarity in responsive turns in Danish.” In Hakulinen, A. and Selting, M. (eds.) Syntax and Lexis in Conversation. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, pp. 375–402.
Heinemann, T. (2006). “‘Will you or can't you?’: displaying entitlement in interrogative requests.” Journal of Pragmatics 38: 1081–1104.
Heinemann, T. (2008). “Questions of accountability; yes-no interrogatives that are unanswerable.” Discourse Studies 10(1): 55–71.
Heinemann, T. (2009). “Two answers to inapposite inquiries.” In Sidnell, J. (ed.) Conversation Analysis: Comparative Perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 159–186.
Henrich, J., Boyd, R., Bowles, S., Camerer, C., Fehr, E. and Gintis, H. (eds.) (2004). Foundations of Human Sociality: Economic Experiments and Ethnographic Evidence from Fifteen Small-Scale Societies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hepburn, A. (2004). “Crying: notes on description, transcription and interaction.” Research on Language and Social Interaction 37: 251–290.
Hepburn, A. and Potter, J. (2007). “Crying receipts: time, empathy, and institutional practice.” Research on Language and Social Interaction 40: 89–116.
Heritage, J. (1984a). “A change-of-state token and aspects of its sequential placement.” In Atkinson, J. M. and Heritage, J. (eds.) Structures of Social Action: Studies in Conversation Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 299–345.
Heritage, J. (1984b). Garfinkel and Ethnomethodology. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Heritage, J. (1988). “Explanations as accounts: a conversation analytic perspective.” In Antaki, C. (ed.) Analysing Everyday Explanation. London: Sage, pp. 127–144.
Heritage, J. (1998). “Oh-prefaced responses to inquiry.” Language in Society 27: 291–334.
Heritage, J. (2002a). “Oh-prefaced responses to assessments: a method of modifying agreement/disagreement.” In Ford, C., Fox, B. and Thompson, S. (eds.) The Language of Turn and Sequence. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 196–224.
Heritage, J. (2002b). “The limits of questioning: negative interrogatives and hostile question content.” Journal of Pragmatics 34: 1427–1446.
Heritage, J. (2006). “Revisiting authority in physician–patient interaction.” In Maxwell, M., Kovarsky, D. and Duchan, J. (eds.) Diagnosis as Cultural Practice. New York: Mouton de Gruyter, pp. 83–102.
Heritage, J. (2007). “Intersubjectivity and progressivity in person (and place) reference.” In Enfield, N. J. and Stivers, T. (eds.) Person Reference in Interaction: Linguistic, Cultural, and Social Perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 255–280.
Heritage, J. and Raymond, G. (2005). “The terms of agreement: indexing epistemic authority and subordination in assessment sequences.” Social Psychology Quarterly 68(1): 15–38.
Heritage, J. and Raymond, G. (in press). “Constructing and navigating epistemic landscapes: progressivity, agency and resistance in ‘yes/no’ versus ‘repetitive’ responses.” In Ruiter, J. P. (ed.) Questions: Formal, Functional and Interactional Perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Heritage, J. and Robinson, J. (2006). “Accounting for the visit: giving reasons for seeking medical care.” In Heritage, J. and Maynard, D. (eds.) Communication in Medical Care: Interactions between Primary Care Physicians and Patients. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 48–85.
Heritage, J. and Roth, A. (1995). “Grammar and institution: questions and questioning in the broadcast news interview.” Research on Language and Social Interaction 28(1): 1–60.
Heritage, J. and Sefi, S. (1992). “Dilemmas of advice: aspects of the delivery and reception of advice in interactions between health visitors and first time mothers.” In Drew, P. and Heritage, J. C. (eds.) Talk at Work. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 359–419.
Heritage, J. and Stivers, T. (1999). “Online commentary in acute medical visits: a method of shaping patient expectations.” Social Science and Medicine 49: 1501–1517.
Heritage, J. and Watson, D. R. (1979). “Formulations as conversational objects.” In Psathas, G. (ed.) Everyday Language: Studies in Ethnomethodology. New York: Irvington Publishers, pp. 123–162.
Hill, J. and Irvine, J. (eds.) (1993). Responsibility and Evidence in Oral Discourse. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Hinde, R. A. (1976). “Interactions, relationships, and social structure.” Man (New Series) 11(1): 1–17.
Holzner, B. (1968). Reality Construction in Society. Cambridge: Schenkman.
Holzner, B. and Marx, J. H. (1979). Knowledge Application: The Knowledge System in Society. Boston: Allyn and Beacon.
Hutchby, I. (1995). “Aspects of recipient design in expert advice-giving on call-in radio.” Discourse Processes 19(2): 219–238.
Hutchby, I. (2002). “Resisting the incitement to talk in child counselling: aspects of the utterance ‘I don't know.’Discourse Studies 4(2): 147–168.
Hutchins, E. (1995). Cognition in the Wild. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Irvine, J. T. (1996). “Shadow conversations: the indeterminacy of participant roles.” In Silverstein, M. and Urban, G. (eds.) Natural Histories of Discourse. Chicago, IL: Chicago University Press, pp. 131–159.
Jackendoff, R. (1972). Semantic Interpretation in Generative Grammar. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Jackendoff, R. (1997). The Architecture of the Language Faculty. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Jacob, F. (1977). “Evolution and tinkering.” Science 196: 1161–1166.
Jacobs, J. (2001). “The dimensions of topic–comment.” Linguistics 39: 641–681.
Jakobson, R. (1971). “Shifters, verbals categories, and the Russian verb.” In 
Jakobson, R. (ed.) Selected Writings II: Word and Language. The Hague and Paris: Mouton, pp. 386–392.
Jefferson, G. (1972). “Side sequences.” In Sudnow, D. (ed.) Studies in Social Interaction. New York: Free Press, pp. 294–338.
Jefferson, G. (1973). “A case of precision timing in ordinary conversation: overlapped tag-positioned address terms in closing sequences.” Semiotica 9(1): 47–96.
Jefferson, G. (1978). “Sequential aspects of storytelling in conversation.” In Schenkein, J. (ed.) Studies in the Organization of Conversational Interaction. New York: Academic Press, pp. 219–248.
Jefferson, G. (1981). The Abominable “Ne”: A Working Paper Exploring the Phenomenon of Post-Response Pursuit of Response. Occasional Paper No 6. Manchester: University of Manchester, Department of Sociology.
Jefferson, G. (1984a). “On stepwise transition from talk about a trouble to inappropriately next-positioned matters.” In Atkinson, J. M. and Heritage, J. (eds.) Structures of Social Action: Studies in Conversation Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 191–221.
Jefferson, G. (1984b). “On the organization of laughter in talk about troubles.” In Atkinson, J. M. and Heritage, J. (eds.) Structures of Social Action: Studies in Conversation Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 346–369.
Jefferson, G. (1986). “Colligation as a device for minimizing repair or disagreement.” Paper presented at Talk and Social Structure Workshop, University of California, Santa Barbara.
Jefferson, G. (1987). “Exposed and embedded corrections.” In Button, G. and Lee, J. R. E. (eds.) Talk and Social Organisation. Clevedon, UK: Multilingual Matters Ltd., pp. 86–100.
Jefferson, G. (1988). “On the sequential organization of troubles-talk in ordinary conversation.” Social Problems 35(4): 418–441.
Jefferson, G. (1989). “Preliminary notes on a possible metric which provides for a ‘standard maximum’ silence of approximately one second in conversation.” In Roger, D. and Bull, P. (eds.) Conversation: An Interdisciplinary Perspective. Clevedon, UK: Multilingual Matters Ltd., pp. 166–196.
Jefferson, G. (1990). “List-construction as a task and resource.” In Psathas, G. (ed.) Interaction Competence. Washington, DC: International Institute for Ethnomethodology and Conversation Analysis and University Press of America, pp. 63–92.
Jefferson, G. (2002). “Is ‘no’ an acknowledgement token? Comparing American and British uses of (+)/(-) tokens.” Journal of Pragmatics 34: 1345–1383.
Jefferson, G. (2004). “‘At first I thought’: a normalizing device for extraordinary events.” In Lerner, G. (ed.) Conversation Analysis: Studies from the First Generation. Amsterdam: J. Benjamins, pp. 131–167.
Jefferson, G. (2007). “Preliminary notes on abdicated other-correction.” Journal of Pragmatics 39: 445–461.
Jefferson, G., Sacks, H. and Schegloff, E. A. (1987). “Notes on laughter in the pursuit of intimacy.” In Button, G. and Lee, J. R. E. (eds.) Talk and Social Organisation. Clevedon, UK: Multilingual Matters Ltd., pp. 152–205.
Jefferson, G. and Lee, J. R. E. (1992) [1981]. “The rejection of advice: managing the problematic convergence of a ‘troubles-telling’ and a ‘service encounter.’” In Drew, P. and Heritage, J. (eds.) Talk at Work. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 521–548.
Johanson, L. and Utas, B. (2000). Evidentials: Turkic, Iranian and Neighboring Languages. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Jones, S. and Zimmerman, D. (2003). “A child's point and the achievement of intentionality.” Gesture 3: 155–185.
Kamio, A. (1990). Joohoo no Nawabari Riron [The Theory of Territory of Information]. Tokyo: Taishuukan.
Kamio, A. (1994). “The theory of territory of information: the case of Japanese.” Journal of Pragmatics 21: 67–100.
Kamio, A. (1995). “Territory of information in English and Japanese, and psychological utterances.” Journal of Pragmatics 24: 235–264.
Kamio, A. (1997). Territory of Information. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Kanai, K. (2004). “Kaiwa ni okeru ninshikiteki ken'i no koushou: Shuujoshi yo, ne, odoroki hyouji no bunpu to kinou [Negotiation of epistemic authority in conversation: on the use of final particles yo, ne and surprise markers].” Studies in Pragmatics 6: 17–28.
Kärkkäinen, E. (2003). Epistemic Stance in English Conversation: A Description of its Interactional Functions, with a Focus on. I think. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Kärkkäinen, E. (2007). “The role of I guess in conversational stancetaking.” In Englebretson, R. (ed.) Stancetaking in Discourse: Subjectivity, Evaluation, Interaction. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, pp. 183–219.
Katagiri, Y. (2007). “Dialogue functions of Japanese sentence-final particles ‘yo’ and ‘ne.’Journal of Pragmatics 39: 1313–1323.
Katlev, J. (2000). Politikens etymologisk ordbog [Etymological Dictionary]. Copenhagen: Politikens forlag.
Katoh, S. (2001). “Bunmatsujoshi ne, yo no danwakooseekinoo [Discourse structuring functions of sentence-final particles ne and yo].” Bulletin of the Department of Humanities, Toyama University 35: 31–48.
Keevallik, L. (2003). From Interaction to Grammar: Estonian Finite Verb Forms in Conversation. Uppsala: Uppsala University.
Keevallik, L. (2008). “Clause combining and sequenced actions: the Estonian complementizer and pragmatic particle et.” In Laury, R. (ed.) The Pragmatics of Clause Combining. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, pp. 125–152.
Keevallik, L. (2009). “The grammar–interaction interface of negative questions in Estonian.” SKY Journal of Linguistics 22: 139–173.
Kidwell, M. (2005). “Gaze as social control: how very young children differentiate ‘the look’ from a ‘mere look’ by their adult caregivers.” Research on Language and Social Interaction 38(4): 417–449.
Kidwell, M. (2009a). “Gaze shift as an interactional resource for very young children.” Discourse Processes 46(2): 145–160.
Kidwell, M. (2009b). “‘What happened?’: an epistemics of before and after in at-the-scene police questioning.” Research on Language and Social Interaction 42(1): 20–41.
Kidwell, M. and Zimmerman, D. (2006). “‘Observability’ in the interactions of very young children.” Communication Monographs 73: 1–28.
Kidwell, M. and Zimmerman, D. (2007). “Joint attention as action.” Journal of Pragmatics 39: 592–611.
Kinsui, S. (1993). “Shuujoshi yo, ne [Final particles yo, ne].” Gengo 22(4): 118–121.
Kockelman, P. (2005). “The semiotic stance.” Semiotica 157: 233–304.
Kockelman, P. (2006a). “Representations of the world: memories, perceptions, beliefs, intentions, and plans.” Semiotica 162: 73–125.
Kockelman, P. (2006b). “Residence in the world: affordances, instruments, actions, roles, and identities.” Semiotica 162: 19–71.
Kockelman, P. (2007). “Agency: the relation between meaning, power, and knowledge.” Current Anthropology 48(3): 375–401.
Komter, M. (1995). “The distribution of knowledge in courtroom interaction.” Situated Order: Studies in the Social Organization of Talk and Embodied Activities. Washington, DC: University Press of America, pp. 107–128.
Komter, M. (1998). Dilemmas in the Courtroom: A Study of Trials of Violent Crime in The Netherlands. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Kotsinas, U.-B. (1994). Ungdomsspråk [Youth Language]. Uppsala: Hallgren and Fallgren.
Koyama, T. (1997). “Bunmatsushi to bunmatsu intoneeshon [Sentence-final ­particles and final intonation].” In ,Spoken Language Working Group (ed.) Bunpoo to Onsei [Speech and Grammar]. Tokyo: Kuroshio Publisher, pp. 97–119.
Koza, W. and Smith, J. (2007). Managing an Effective Early Childhood Classroom. Huntington Beach, CA: Shell Educational Publishing.
Krebs, J. R. and Dawkins, R. (1984). “Animal signals: mind-reading and manipulation.” In Krebs, J. R. and Davies, N. B. (eds.) Behavioural Ecology: An Evolutionary Approach. London: Blackwell Publishers, pp. 380–402.
Krifka, M. (2007). “Basic notions of information structure.” In Fery, C. and Krifka, M. (eds.) Interdisciplinary Studies of Information Structure. Potsdam: Potsdam University, pp. 13–55.
Kuno, S. (1987). Functional Syntax: Anaphora, Discourse and Empathy. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Labov, W. 1972. “The study of language in its social context.” In Giglioli, P. P. (ed.) Language and Social Context. London: Penguin, pp. 283–307.
Labov, W. and Fanshel, D. (1977). Therapeutic Discourse: Psychotherapy as Conversation. New York: Academic Press.
Lambrecht, K. (1994). Information Structure and Sentence Form: Topic, Focus and the Mental Representations of Dicourse Referents. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Lave, J. (1988). Cognition in Practice: Mind Mathematics and Culture in Everyday Life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Lee, D.-Y. (2007). “Involvement and the Japanese interactive particles ne and yo.” Journal of Pragmatics 39: 363–388.
Lerner, G. (2002). “Turn-sharing: the choral co-production of talk-in-­interaction.” In Ford, C. E., Fox, B. and Thompson, S. (eds.) The Language of Turn and Sequence. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 225–256.
Lerner, G. (2003). “Selecting next speaker: the context-sensitive operation of a context-free organization.” Language in Society 32: 177–201.
Lerner, G., Zimmerman, D. and Kidwell, M. (in press). “Formal structures of practical tasks: a resource for action in the social lives of very young children.” In Goodwin, C., Streeck, J. and LeBaron, C. (eds.) Multimodality and Human Activity: Research on Human Behavior, Action, and Communication. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Leslie, A. (2000). “Theory of Mind” as a Mechanism of Selective Attention. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Levelt, W. (1989). Speaking: From Intention to Articulation. Boston, MA: MIT Press.
Lévi-Strauss, C. (1966). The Savage Mind. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Levinson, S. C. (1983). Pragmatics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Levinson, S. C. (1988). “Putting linguistics on a proper footing: explorations in Goffman's concepts of participation.” In Drew, P. and Wootton, A. (eds.) Erving Goffman: Exploring the Interaction Order. Boston, MA: Northeastern University Press, pp. 161–227.
Lewis, C. and Osborne, A. (1990). “Three-year-olds' problems with false belief: conceptual deficit or linguistic artifact?Child Development 61: 1514–1519.
Li, C. and Thompson, S. (1976). “Subject and topic: a new typology of language.” In Li, C. (ed.) Subject and Topic. New York: Academic Press, pp. 457–489.
Lillard, A. (1993). “Young children's conceptualization of pretense: action or mental representational state?Child Development 64: 372–386.
Lindström, A. (2009). “Projecting non-alignment in conversation.” In Sidnell, J. (ed.) Conversation Analysis: Comparative Perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 135–158.
Lindström, J. and Wide, C. (2005). “Tracing the origins of a set of discourse particles: Swedish particles of the type ‘you know.’Journal of Historical Pragmatics 6(2): 211–236.
Linell, P. and Luckmann, T. (1991). “Asymmetries in dialogue: some conceptual preliminaries.” In Markova, I. and Foppa, K. (eds.) Asymmetries in Dialogue. Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf, pp. 1–20.
Linton, R. (1936). The Study of Man: An Introduction. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.
Liszkowski, U., Carpenter, M. and Tomasello, M. (2007). “Pointing out new news, old news, and absent referents at 12 months of age.” Developmental Science 10(2): F1–F7.
Local, J. and Walker, G. (2004). “Abrupt-joins as a resource for the production of multi-unit, multi-action turns.” Journal of Pragmatics 36: 1375–1403.
Luff, P., Hindmarsh, J. and Heath, C. (eds.) (2000). Workplace Studies: Recovering Work Practice and Informing System Design. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Lynch, M. (1985). Art and Artefact in Laboratory Science. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
Lynch, M. and Bogen, D. (1996). The Spectacle of History: Speech, Text, and Memory at the Iran-Contra Hearings. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Lyons, J. (1977). Semantics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Macaulay, R. (2002). “You know, it depends.” Journal of Pragmatics 34: 749–767.
MacWhinney, B. (2007). “The TalkBank project.” In Joan, K. P. C., Beal, C. and Moisl, H. L. (eds.) Creating and Digitizing Language Corpora: Synchronic Database, Vol. I. Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan.
Mangione-Smith, R., McGlynn, E. A., Elliott, M. N., McDonald, L., Franz, C. E. and Kravitz, R. L. (2001). “Parent expectations for antibiotics, physician–parent communication, and satisfaction.” Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine 155: 800–806.
Mangione-Smith, R., Stivers, T., Elliott, M. N., McDonald, L. and Heritage, J. (2003). “The relationship between online commentary use and prevention of inappropriate antibiotic prescribing by pediatricians.” Social Science and Medicine 56: 313–320.
Mannheim, K. (1936). Ideology and Utopia. New York: Harcourt, Brace and World.
Marcus, G. (2008). Kluge: The Haphazard Construction of the Human Mind. London: Faber and Faber.
Masuoka, T. (1991). Modality no bunpoo [Grammar of modality]. Tokyo: Kuroshio.
Maynard, D. W. (1980). “Placement of topic changes in conversation.” Semiotica 30: 263–290.
Maynard, D. W. (1991). “The perspective-display series and the delivery and receipt of diagnostic news.” In Boden, D. and Zimmerman, D. H. (eds.) Talk and Social Structure. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, pp. 164–192.
Maynard, D. W. (2003). Bad News, Good News: Conversational Order in Everyday Talk and Clinical Settings. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Mazeland, H. (1990). “‘Yes,’ ‘no’ and ‘Mhm’: variations in acknowledgement choices.” In Conein, B., Fornel, M. and Quéré, L. (eds.) Les Formes de la conversation. Issy les Moulineaux: Réseaux, pp. 251–282.
Mazeland, H. (2007). “Parenthetical sequences.” Journal of Pragmatics 39: 1816–1869.
Mazeland, H. and Huiskes, M. (2001). “Dutch ‘but’ as a sequential conjunction: its use as a resumption marker.” In Selting, M. and Couper-Kuhlen, E. (eds.) Studies in Interactional Linguistics. Amsterdam: Benjamins, pp. 141–169.
McCarthy, E. D. (1996). Knowledge as Culture. London: Routledge.
McNeill, D. (1985). “So you think gestures are nonverbal?Psychological Review 92(3): 350–371.
McNeill, D. (2005). Gesture and Thought. Chicago, IL: Chicago University Press.
Merritt, M. (1976). “On questions following questions in service encounters.” Language in Society 5(3): 315–357.
Metzger, T. R. and Beach, W. A. (1996). “Preserving alternative versions: interactional techniques for organizing courtroom cross-examinations.” Communication Research 23: 749–765.
Middleton, D. and Engeström, Y. (eds.) (1996). Cognition and Communication at Work. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Mitchell, P. and Lacohee, H. (1991). “Children's early understanding of false belief.” Cognition 39: 107–127.
Moerman, M. (1988). Talking Culture: Ethnography and Conversation Analysis. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Mondada, L. (2005). Chercheurs en interaction: comment émergent les savoirs. Lausanne: Presses Polytechniques et Universitaires Romandes.
Mondada, L. (2007). “Multimodal resources for turn-taking: pointing and the emergence of possible next speakers.” Discourse Studies 9(2): 195–226.
Mondada, L. (2008). “Doing video for a sequential and multimodal analysis of social interaction: videotaping institutional telephone calls.” FQS (Forum : Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research) (www.qualitative-research.net/) 9(3), art. 39.
Mondada, L. (2009a). “Emergent focused interactions in public places: a systematic analysis of the multimodal achievement of a common interactional space.” Journal of Pragmatics 41: 1977–1997.
Mondada, L. (2009b). “The embodied and negotiated production of assessments in instructed actions.” Research on Language and Social Interaction 42(4): 329–361.
Morita, E. (2002). “Stance marking in the collaborative completion of sentences: final particles as epistemic markers in Japanese.” In Akatsuka, N. and Strauss, S. (eds.) Japanese/Korean Linguistics 10. Stanford: CSLI, pp. 220–233.
Morita, E. (2005). Negotiation of Contingent Talk: The Japanese Interactional Particles ne and sa. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Moscovici, S. (1981). “On social representations.” In Forgas, J. P. (ed.) Social Cognition. London: Academic Press, pp. 181–209.
Moscovici, S. (1990). “Social psychology and developmental psychology: extending the conversation.” In Duveen, G. and Lloyd, B. (eds.) Social Representations and the Development of Knowledge. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 164–185.
Moscovici, S. (2000). Social Representations: Studies in Social Psychology. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Nelson, K. (1989). Narratives from the Crib. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Nettle, D. and Dunbar, R. (1997). “Social markers and the evolution of reciprocal exchange.” Current Anthropology 38(1): 93–99.
Nowak, M. A. and Krakauer, D. C. (1999). “The evolution of language.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 96: 8028–8033.
Ochs, E. (1996). “Linguistic resources for socializing humanity.” In Gumperz, J. J. and Levinson, S. C. (eds.) Rethinking Linguistic Relativity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 407–438.
Odregaard, E. (2006). “What's worth talking about? Meaning-making in toddler-initiated co-narratives in pre-school.” Early Years 26: 79–92.
O'Neill, D. K. (1996). “Two-year-old children's sensitivity to a parent's knowledge state when making requests.” Child Development 67: 659–677.
Onishi, K. and Baillargeon, R. (2005). “Do 15-month-old infants understand false beliefs?Science 308: 255–258.
Parsons, T. (1937). The Structure of Social Action. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Parsons, T. (1951). The Social System. New York: Free Press.
Peirce, C. S. (1955). Philosophical Writings of Peirce. New York: Dover Publications.
Peräkylä, A. (1998). “Authority and accountability: the delivery of diagnosis in primary health care.” Social Psychology Quarterly 61(4): 301–320.
Peräkylä, A. (2002). “Agency and authority: extended responses to diagnostic statements in primary care encounters.” Research on Language and Social Interaction 35(2): 219–247.
Picoche, J. (1986). Structures sémantiques du lexique français. Paris: Nathan.
Polanyi, L. (1982). Telling the American Story: A Structural and Cultural Analysis of Conversational Storytelling. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.
Pollner, M. (1975). “The very coinage of your brain: the anatomy of reality disjunctures.” Philosophy of the Social Sciences 5: 411–430.
Pollner, M. (1987). Mundane Reason: Reality in Everyday and Sociological Discourse. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Pomerantz, A. (1975). “Second Assessments: A Study of Some Features of Agreements/Disagreements.” Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. University of California, Irvine.
Pomerantz, A. (1978). “Compliment responses: notes on the co-operation of multiple constraints.” In Schenkein, J. (ed.) Studies in the Organization of Conversational Interaction. New York: Academic Press, pp. 79–112.
Pomerantz, A. (1980). “Telling my side: ‘limited access’ as a ‘fishing’ device.” Sociological Inquiry 50: 186–198.
Pomerantz, A. (1984a). “Agreeing and disagreeing with assessments: some features of preferred/dispreferred turn shapes”. In Atkinson, J. M. and Heritage, J. (eds.) Structures of Social Action: Studies in Conversation Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 57–101.
Pomerantz, A. (1984b). “Giving a source or basis: the practice in conversation of telling ‘how I know.’Journal of Pragmatics 8: 607–625.
Pomerantz, A. (1984c). “Pursuing a response.” In Atkinson, J. M. and Heritage, J. (eds.) Structures of Social Action: Studies in Conversation Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 152–163.
Pomerantz, A. (1988). “Offering a candidate answer: an information-seeking strategy.” Communication Monographs 55: 360–373.
Pomerantz, A. and Mandelbaum, J. (2005). “Conversation analytic approaches to the relevance and uses of relationship categories in interaction.” In Fitch, K. L. and Sanders, R. E. (eds.) Handbook of Language and Social Interaction. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, pp. 149–171.
Potter, J. and Wetherell, M. (1987). Discourse and Social Psychology: Beyond Attitudes and Behaviour. London: Sage.
Raevaara, L. (2001). “Kysymisestä ja vastaamisesta institutionaalisena ­toimintana [On asking questions and answering as an institutional ­activity].” In Halonen, M. and Routarinne, S. (eds.) Keskustelunanalyysin näkymiä. Helsinki: Department of Finnish Language, University of Helsinki, pp. 47–69.
Rappaport, R. (2002). “Enactments of meaning.” In Lambek, M. (ed.) A Reader in the Anthropology of Religion. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers (excerpted from Rappaport, Ritual and Religion in the Making of Humanity, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999), pp. 446–467.
Raymond, G. (2000). “The Structure of Responding: Type-Conforming and Nonconforming Responses to Yes/No Type Interrogatives.” Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Department of Sociology, University of California, Los Angeles.
Raymond, G. (2003). “Grammar and social organization: yes/no interrogatives and the structure of responding.” American Sociological Review 68: 939–967.
Raymond, G. and Heritage, J. (2006). “The epistemics of social relations: owning grandchildren.” Language in Society 35: 677–705.
Reinhart, T. (1981). “Pragmatics and linguistics: an analysis of sentence topics.” Philosophica 27: 53–94.
Remi, S. (1986). “Étude comparée du fonctionnement syntaxique et sémantique des verbes savoir et connaître.” In Rémi-Giraud, S. and Guern, M. (eds.) Sur le verbe. Lyon: PUL, pp. 169–306.
Rogers, C. R. (1959). “A theory of therapy, personality and interpersonal relationships, as developed in the client-centered framework.” In Koch, S. (ed.) Psychology: A Study of Science, Vol. III. New York: McGraw Hill, pp. 184–256.
Romaine, S. (2000). Language in Society: An Introduction to Sociolinguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Rooth, M. (1985). “Association with focus.” Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. University of Massachusetts, Amherst.
Roth, A. L. (2002). “Social epistemology in broadcast interviews.” Language in Society 31: 355–381.
Roth, M. W. (2005). “Making classifications (at) work: ordering practices in science.” Social Studies of Science 35(4): 581–621.
Ruusuvuori, J. (2005). “Empathy and sympathy in action: attending to patients' troubles in Finnish homeopathic and GP consultations.” Social Psychology Quarterly 68: 204–222.
Ryle, G. (1949). The Concept of Mind. London: Hutchinson.
Sacks, H. (1972a). “An initial investigation of the usability of conversational data for doing sociology.” In Sudnow, D. N. (ed.) Studies in Social Interaction. New York: The Free Press, pp. 31–74.
Sacks, H. (1972b). “On the analyzability of stories by children.” In Gumperz, J. J. and Hymes, D. (eds.) Directions in Sociolinguistics: The Ethnography of Communication. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, pp. 325–345.
Sacks, H. (1974). “An analysis of the course of a joke's telling in conversation.” In Bauman, R. and Sherzer, J. (eds.) Explorations in the Ethnography of Speaking. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 337–353.
Sacks, H. (1975). “Everyone has to lie.” In Sanches, M. and Blount, B. G. (eds.) Sociocultural Dimensions of Language Use. New York: Academic Press, pp. 57–80.
Sacks, H. (1978). “Some technical considerations of a dirty joke.” In Schenkein, J. (ed.) Studies in the Organization of Conversational Interaction. New York: Academic Press, pp. 249–269.
Sacks, H. (1984). “On doing ‘being ordinary.’” In Atkinson, J. M. and Heritage, J. (eds.) Structures of Social Action: Studies in Conversation Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 413–429.
Sacks, H. (1985). “The inference-making machine.” In Dijk, T. A. (ed.) Handbook of Discourse Analysis. London: Academic Press, pp. 2–22.
Sacks, H. (1987a). “On the preferences for agreement and contiguity in sequences in conversation.” In Button, G. and Lee, J. R. E. (eds.) Talk and Social Organisation. Clevendon, UK: Multilingual Matters Ltd., pp. 54–69.
Sacks, H. (1987b). “‘You want to find out if anybody really does care.’” In Button, G. and Lee, J. R. E. (eds.) Talk and Social Organisation. Clevedon, UK: Multilingual Matters Ltd., pp. 219–225.
Sacks, H. (1992) [1967]. Lectures on Conversation. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.
Sacks, H. and Schegloff, E. A. (2007) [1979]. “Two preferences in the organization of reference to persons and their interaction.” In Enfield, N. J. and Stivers, T. (eds.) Person Reference in Interaction: Linguistic, Cultural and Social Perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 23–28.
Sacks, H., Schegloff, E. A. and Jefferson, G. (1974). “A simplest systematics for the organization of turn-taking for conversation.” Language 50: 696–735.
Saft, S. (2001). “Displays of concession in university faculty meetings: culture and interaction in Japanese.” Pragmatics 11(3): 3–15.
Sawyer, R. K. (1997). Pretend Play as Improvisation: Conversation in the Preschool Classroom. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Schegloff, E. A. (1968). “Sequencing in conversational openings.” American Anthropologist 70: 1075–1095.
Schegloff, E. A. (1972). “Notes on a conversational practice: formulating place.” In Sudnow, D. (ed.) Studies in Social Interaction. New York: Free Press, pp. 75–119.
Schegloff, E. A. (1982). “Discourse as an interactional achievement: some uses of ‘uh huh’ and other things that come between sentences.” In Tannen, D. (ed.) Analyzing Discourse: Text and Talk. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, pp. 71–93.
Schegloff, E. A. (1984). “On some questions and ambiguities in conversation.” In Atkinson, J. M. and Heritage, J. (eds.) Structures of Social Action: Studies in Conversation Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 28–52.
Schegloff, E. A. (1988a). “Goffman and the analysis of conversation.” In Drew, P. and Wootton, A. (eds.) Erving Goffman: Exploring the Interaction Order. Cambridge: Polity Press, pp. 89–135.
Schegloff, E. A. (1988b). “On an actual virtual servo-mechanism for guessing bad news: a single case conjecture.” Social Problems 35(4): 442–457.
Schegloff, E. A. (1988c). “Presequences and indirection: applying speech act theory to ordinary conversation.” Journal of Pragmatics 12: 55–62.
Schegloff, E. A. (1992). “Repair after next turn: the last structurally provided for place for the defense of intersubjectivity in conversation.” American Journal of Sociology 95(5): 1295–1345.
Schegloff, E. A. (1996a). “Confirming allusions: toward an empirical account of action.” American Journal of Sociology 102: 161–216.
Schegloff, E. A. (1996b). “Some practices for referring to persons in talk-in-interaction: a partial sketch of a systematics.” In Fox, B. (ed.) Studies in Anaphora. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, pp. 437–485.
Schegloff, E. A. (1997). “Practices and actions: boundary cases of other-initiated repair.” Discourse Processes 23: 99–545.
Schegloff, E. A. (2000a). “On granularity.” Annual Review of Sociology 26: 715–720.
Schegloff, E. A. (2000b). “When ‘others’ initiate repair.” Applied Linguistics 21: 205–243.
Schegloff, E. A. (2005). “On complainability.” Social Problems 52: 449–476.
Schegloff, E. A. (2007a). Sequence Organization in Interaction: A Primer in Conversation Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Schegloff, E. A. (2007b). “A tutorial on membership categorization.” Journal of Pragmatics 39: 462–482.
Schegloff, E. A., Jefferson, G. and Sacks, H. (1977). “The preference for self-correction in the organization of repair in conversation.” Language 53: 361–382.
Schegloff, E. A. and Lerner, G. H. (2009). “Beginning to respond: well-prefaced responses to wh-questions.” Research on Language and Social Interaction 42(2): 91–115.
Schegloff, E. A. and Sacks, H. (1973). “Opening up closings.” Semiotica 8: 289–327.
Scheibman, J. (2000). “I dunno… A usage-based account of the phonological reduction of don't in American English conversation.” Journal of Pragmatics 32(1): 105–124.
Schiffrin, D. (1988). Discourse Markers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Schütz, A. (1962). Collected Papers, Vol. I: The Problem of Social Reality. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.
Schütz, A. (1970). On Phenomenology and Social Relations. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Schwabe, K. and Winkler, S. (2007). “On information structure, meaning and form: generalizations across languages.” In Schwabe, K. and Winkler, S. (eds.) On Information Structure, Meaning and Form. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, pp. 1–32.
Schwartzman, H. (1978). Transformations: The Anthropology of Children's Play. New York: Plenum.
Schwarzschild, R. (1999). “GIVENness, AvoidF and other constraints on the placement of accent.” Natural Language Semantics 7: 141–177.
Searle, J. (1969). Speech Acts: An Essay in the Philosophy of Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Selting, M. (1996). “Prosody as an activity-type distinctive cue in conversation: the case of so-called ‘astonished’ questions in repair initiation.” In Couper-Kuhlen, E. and Selting, M. (eds.) Prosody in Conversation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 231–270.
Shannon, C. E. and Weaver, W. (1949). A Mathematical Model of Communication. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press.
Sharrock, W. W. (1974). “On owning knowledge.” In Turner, R. (ed.) Ethnomethodology. Harmondsworth: Penguin, pp. 45–53.
Showers, C. and Cantor, N. (1985). “Social cognition: a look at motivated strategies.” Annual Review of Psychology 36: 275–305.
Sidnell, J. (2005). Talk and Practical Epistemology. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Sidnell, J. (2009). “Participation.” In Verschueren, J. and Östman, O. (eds.) Handbook of Pragmatics. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, pp. 125–156.
Silverstein, M. (1976). “Shifters, linguistic categories, and cultural description.” In Basso, K. and Selby, H. (eds.) Meaning in Anthropology. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, pp. 11–55.
Slobin, D. (1971). “On the learning of morphological rules: a reply to Palermo and Eberhart.” In Slobin, D. (ed.) The Ontogenesis of Grammar. New York: Academic Press, pp. 215–223.
Sorjonen, M.-L. (2001). Responding in Conversation: A Study of Response Particles in Finnish. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Sorjonen, M. -L. and Hakulinen, A. (2009). “Alternative responses to assessments.” In Sidnell, J. (ed.) Conversation Analysis: Comparative Perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 281–303.
Sperber, D. and Wilson, D. (1995). Relevance: Communication and Cognition. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.
Stalnaker, R. C. (1978). “Assertion.” In Cole, P. (ed.) Syntax and Semantics 9. New York: Academic Press, pp. 315–332.
Stark, W. (1991) [1958]. The Sociology of Knowledge: Toward a Deeper Understanding of the History of Ideas. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers.
Steensig, J. (2005). “Hvornår kan ja stå alene efter et ja/nej-spørgsmål' [When can ja (‘yes’) stand alone after a yes/no question?].” MOVIN Workingpapers. www.movinarbejdspapirer.asb.dk.
Stivers, T. (2002). “Participating in decisions about treatment: overt parent pressure for antibiotic medication in pediatric encounters.” Social Science and Medicine 54(7): 1111–1130.
Stivers, T. (2005a). “Modified repeats: one method for asserting primary rights from second position.” Research on Language and Social Interaction 38(2): 131–158.
Stivers, T. (2005b). “Parent resistance to physicians' treatment recommendations: one resource for initiating a negotiation of the treatment decision.” Health Communication 18: 41–74.
Stivers, T. (2007a). “Alternative recognitionals in initial references to persons.” In Enfield, N. J. and Stivers, T. (eds.) Person Reference in Interaction: Linguistic, Cultural, and Social Perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 73–96.
Stivers, T. (2007b). Prescribing under Pressure: Parent–Physician Conversations and Antibiotics. New York: Oxford University Press.
Stivers, T. (2008). “Stance, alignment, and affiliation during storytelling: when nodding is a token of affiliation.” Research on Language and Social Interaction 41(1): 31–57.
Stivers, T. (2010). “An overview of the question–response system in American English conversation.” Journal of Pragmatics 42(10): 2272–2281.
Stivers, T., Enfield, N. J., Brown, P.et al. (2009). “Universality and cultural specificity in turn-taking in conversation.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106(26): 10587–10592.
Stivers, T., Enfield, N. J. and Levinson, S. C. (2007). “Person reference in interaction.” In Enfield, N. J. and Stivers, T. (eds.) Person Reference in Interaction: Linguistic, Cultural and Social Perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 1–20.
Stivers, T.(eds.) (2010). “Question–response sequences in conversation: a comparison across 10 languages.” Special issue of Journal of Pragmatics: 42(10).
Stivers, T. and Hayashi, M. (2010). “Transformative answers: one way to resist a question's constraints.” Language in Society 39(1): 1–25.
Stivers, T. and Heritage, J. (2001). “Breaking the sequential mould: answering ‘more than the question’ during comprehensive history taking.” Text 21: 151–185.
Stivers, T. and Robinson, J. D. (2006). “A preference for progressivity in interaction.” Language in Society 35: 367–392.
Stivers, T. and Rossano, F. (2010). “Mobilizing response.” Research on Language and Social Interaction 43(1): 1–31.
Stubbe, M. and Holmes, J. (1995). “You know eh and other exasperating expressions: an analysis of social and stylistic variation in the use of pragmatic devices in a sample of New Zealand English.” Language and Communication 15(1): 63–88.
Surian, L., Caldi, S. and Sperber, D. (2007). “Attribution of beliefs by 13-month-old infants.” Psychological Science 18: 580–586.
Svennevig, J. (2008). “Trying the easiest solution first in other-initiation of repair.” Journal of Pragmatics 40: 333–348.
Takubo, Y. and Kinsui, S. (1997). “Discourse management in terms of mental spaces.” Journal of Pragmatics 28: 741–758.
Tambiah, S. J. (1985). “A performative approach to ritual.” In Tambiah, S. J. (ed.) Culture, Thought and Social Action: An Anthropological Perspective. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, pp. 123–166.
Tanaka, H. (2000). “The particle ne as a turn-managing device in Japanese conversation.” Journal of Pragmatics 35(8): 1135–1176.
Tannen, D. (1989). Talking Voices: Repetition, Dialogue, and Imagery in Conversational Discourse. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Teleman, U., Hellberg, S.and Andersson, E.(eds.) (1999). SAG Svenska Akademiens grammatik IV. Satser och meningar [Grammar of the Swedish Academy. Sentences and Clauses]. Stockholm: Norstedts Akademiska Förlag.
te Molder, H.and Potter, J.(eds.) (2005). Conversation and Cognition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Terasaki, A. K. (2004) [1976]. “Pre-announcement sequences in conversation.” In Lerner, G. (ed.) Conversation Analysis: Studies from the First Generation. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, pp. 171–223.
Therkelsen, R. (2004). “Polyfoni som sproglig begrebsramme og som redskab i tekstanalysen [Polyphony as a linguistic conceptual frame and as a tool in text analysis].” Sproglig polyfoni. Arbejdspapirer 1: 79–97.
Thompson, S. A. and Mulac, A. (1991). “A quantitative perspective on the grammaticalization of epistemic parentheticals in English.” In Traugott, E. C. and Heine, B. (eds.) Approaches to Grammaticalization: Focus on Types of Grammatical Markers. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, pp. 313–339.
Tomasello, M. (1999). The Cultural Origins of Human Cognition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Tomasello, M. (2003). Constructing a Language: A Usage-Based Theory of Language Acquisition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Tomasello, M. (2008). Origins of Human Communication. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Tomasello, M., Carpenter, M., Call, J., Behne, T. and Moll, H. (2005). “Understanding and sharing intentions: the origins of cultural cognition.” Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28: 675–691.
Tsui, A. B. M. (1991). “The pragmatic functions of I don't know.” Text 11(4): ­607–622.
Dijk, T. A. (ed.) (2006). “Discourse, interaction and cognition.” Special issue of Discourse Studies: 8.
Vendler, Z. (1967). “Verbs and times.” In Vendler, Z. (ed.) Linguistics in Philosophy. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, pp. 97–121.
Wellman, H., Cross, D. and Watson, J. (2001). “Meta-analysis of theory-of-mind development: the truth about false belief.” Child Development 72(3): 655–684.
Whalen, J. and Zimmerman, D. H. (1998). “Observations on the display and management of emotions in naturally occurring activities: the case of ‘hysteria’ in calls to 9–1–1.” Social Psychology Quarterly 61(2): 141–159.
Whalen, J. and Zimmerman, D. H. (1990). “Describing trouble: practical epistemology in citizen calls to the police.” Language in Society 19: 465–492.
Wilkinson, S. and Kitzinger, C. (2006). “Surprise as an interactional achievement: reaction tokens in conversation.” Social Psychology Quarterly 69: 150–182.
Willett, T. (1988). “A cross-linguistic survey of the grammaticization of evidentiality.” Studies in Language 12(1): 51–97.
Wimmer, H. and Perner, J. (1983). “Beliefs about beliefs: representation and constraining function of wrong beliefs in young children's understanding of deception.” Cognition 13: 103–128.
Wu, R. -J. R. (2004). Stance in Talk: A Conversation Analysis of Mandarin Final Particles. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Wyer, R. S.and Srull, T. K. (eds.) (1984). Handbook of Social Cognition. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Zeitlyn, D. (1995). “Divination as dialogue: negotiation of meaning with random responses.” In Goody, E. N. (ed.) Social Intelligence and Interaction: Expressions and Implications of the Social Bias in Human Intelligence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 189–205.
Zimmerman, D. H. (1984). “Talk and its occasion: the case of calling the police: meaning, form and use in context: linguistic applications.” In Schiffrin, D. (ed.) Georgetown Roundtable on Languages and Linguistics. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, pp. 210–228.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Book summary page views

Total views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between #date#. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.