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Nurturing Indonesia
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Book description

Hans Pols proposes a new perspective on the history of colonial medicine from the viewpoint of indigenous physicians. The Indonesian medical profession in the Dutch East Indies actively participated in political affairs by joining and leading nationalist associations, by publishing in newspapers and magazines, and by becoming members of city councils and the colonial parliament. Indonesian physicians were motivated by their medical training, their experiences as physicians, and their subordinate position within the colonial health care system to organise, lead, and join social, cultural, and political associations. Opening with the founding of Indonesia's first political association in 1908 and continuing with the initiatives of the Association of Indonesian Physicians, Pols describes how the Rockefeller Foundation's projects inspired the formulation of a nationalist health programme. Tracing the story through the Japanese annexation, the war of independence, and independent Indonesia, Pols reveals the relationship between medicine and decolonisation, and the role of physicians in Asian history.

Reviews

'This is a rigorous study of the social, intellectual and ethical spaces between nurturing and inuring, heroes and professionals, national and nationalist. Reading through the uniquely rich Dutch Indies and Indonesian archives on medicine, Pols has produced a book that will be of interest not only to historians of medicine and Asia, but also to historians of decolonization.'

Rudolf Mrazek - University of Michigan

'Nurturing Indonesia is a vivid account of the place of medicine in the making of modern Indonesia. With masterful command of sources in Dutch and Indonesian, Nurturing Indonesia brings to life the place of medical doctors in Indonesia’s national awakening. The book highlights the tensions they experienced between their medical vocation and their national aspirations and the influence of medical thinking on their conception of the nation. A fine book on the interplay between science and society in Southeast Asia.'

Robert Cribb - Australian National University, Canberra

'Hans Pols’ (University of Sydney) book offers fresh perspectives on the history of Indonesian nationalism and the sociopolitical role of medicine in the colonial context of the Netherlands East Indies. The book asks a deceptively simple question: why were doctors and medical students such prominent participants in Indonesia’s nationalist movements? Many historians of Indonesian nationalism have observed that physicians and medical students played a leading role in those movements, but few have thoroughly investigated why this might be the case, and how exactly the relationship between nationalism and medicine worked. This is the gap filled by Nurturing Indonesia. … Nurturing Indonesia will have wide appeal, as it is written with clarity and in an engaging style.'

Wayan Jarrah Sastrawan Source: New Mandala (www.newmandala.org)

'Nurturing Indonesia is a fascinating history. Pols draws on an impressive mix of Dutch and Malay sources … to bring to life his actors and their struggles. … Nurturing Indonesia offers a major contribution to our understanding of the role of the medical profession and indigenous physicians in non-western contexts.'

David S. Jones Source: Metascience

'The strength of Nurturing Indonesia is its focus on the perspective of the indigenous medical professionals, the author’s nuanced treatment of their political choices, and his innovative use of an admirable number of sources in Dutch and Indonesian.'

Fenneke Sysling Source: Isis

'… the richness of research involved in producing this material showcases the history of medicine and nationalism in Indonesia. The contents of this book are both interesting and illuminating as Pols effectively illustrates the ideas and activities of Indonesian physicians in the Dutch East Indies, their socio-political role in politics, the national awakening that transpired throughout different periods and, finally, the relationship between nationalism and medicine.'

Wan Faizah Wan Yusoff Source: Social Science Diliman

'This book is relevant for anyone interested in world struggles of identity politics. Through a detailed recount of the historical influence of medical students and physicians in politics in the Indonesian archipelago throughout the 20th century, the book gives insights into people’s attempts to break racial and class caste systems through professional and political endeavours.'

Theresia Citraningtyas Source: Asian Studies Review

'Pols therefore looks at the relationship between medicine, colonial modernity and decolonisation, very convincingly arguing, using an abundance of material, that it was the medics’ commitment to medicine that inspired them 'to imagine a new, independent, and healthy nation'.'

Leo van Bergen Source: Social History of Medicine

'Nurturing Indonesia is an important contribution to the history of medicine and decolonisation in Indonesia. The result of a long hunt for sources, the book vividly illustrates the ways in which medicine informed decolonisation and vice versa.'

Sebastiaan Broere Source: Health and History

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Contents

  • Introduction: Colonial Dreams, National Awakenings, and Cosmopolitan Aspirations
    pp 1-20

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