Skip to main content
×
×
Home
Opting Out of the European Union
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 31
  • Cited by
    This book has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Ekengren, Magnus 2018. Explaining the European Union's Foreign Policy.

    Kuus, Merje 2018. Political economies of transnational fields: harmonization and differentiation in European diplomacy. Territory, Politics, Governance, Vol. 6, Issue. 2, p. 222.

    Bijsmans, Patrick Galpin, Charlotte and Leruth, Benjamin 2018. ‘Brexit’ in transnational perspective: an analysis of newspapers in France, Germany and the Netherlands. Comparative European Politics, Vol. 16, Issue. 5, p. 825.

    Mitzen, Jennifer 2018. Anxious community: EU as (in)security community. European Security, Vol. 27, Issue. 3, p. 393.

    Jarle Christensen, Mikkel 2018. International Prosecution and National Bureaucracy: The Contest to Define International Practices Within the Danish Prosecution Service. Law & Social Inquiry, Vol. 43, Issue. 1, p. 152.

    Smetana, Michal 2018. (De-)stigmatising the outsider: nuclear-armed India, United States, and the global nonproliferation order. Journal of International Relations and Development,

    Kornprobst, Markus 2018. Diplomatic communication and resilient governance: problems of governing nuclear weapons. Journal of International Relations and Development,

    Kühnhardt, Ludger 2018. Handbuch Europäische Union. p. 1.

    Gertz, Geoffrey 2018. Commercial Diplomacy and Political Risk. International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 62, Issue. 1, p. 94.

    Bergmann, Eirikur 2017. Nordic Nationalism and Right-Wing Populist Politics. p. 1.

    Haugevik, Kristin and Rieker, Pernille 2017. Autonomy or integration? Small-state responses to a changing European security landscape. Global Affairs, Vol. 3, Issue. 3, p. 211.

    Adler-Nissen, Rebecca Galpin, Charlotte and Rosamond, Ben 2017. Performing Brexit: How a post-Brexit world is imagined outside the United Kingdom. The British Journal of Politics and International Relations, Vol. 19, Issue. 3, p. 573.

    McCallion, Malin Stegmann and Brianson, Alex 2017. How to have your cake and eat it too: Sweden, regional awkwardness, and the European Union Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region (EUSBSR). Journal of Baltic Studies, Vol. 48, Issue. 4, p. 451.

    Haugevik, Kristin and Sverdrup, Ulf 2017. Norden og Storbritannia – et nytt avsnitt. Internasjonal Politikk, Vol. 75, Issue. 2,

    Hansen, Lene 2017. Reading comics for the field of International Relations: Theory, method and the Bosnian War. European Journal of International Relations, Vol. 23, Issue. 3, p. 581.

    Haugevik, Kristin 2017. Diplomacy through the back door: Norway and the bilateral route to EU decision-making. Global Affairs, Vol. 3, Issue. 3, p. 277.

    Hamilton-Hart, Natasha 2017. Opting for Openness: Capital Mobility and Monetary Sterilisation in Malaysia. Journal of Contemporary Asia, Vol. 47, Issue. 2, p. 171.

    de Goede, Marieke and Wesseling, Mara 2017. Secrecy and security in transatlantic terrorism finance tracking. Journal of European Integration, Vol. 39, Issue. 3, p. 253.

    Adler-Nissen, Rebecca 2016. Towards a Practice Turn in EU Studies: The Everyday of European Integration. JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol. 54, Issue. 1, p. 87.

    Bicchi, Federica and Bremberg, Niklas 2016. European diplomatic practices: contemporary challenges and innovative approaches. European Security, Vol. 25, Issue. 4, p. 391.

    ×

Book description

European integration continues to deepen despite major crises and attempts to take back sovereignty. A growing number of member states are reacting to a more constraining EU by negotiating opt-outs. This book provides the first in-depth account of how opt-outs work in practice. It examines the most controversial cases of differentiated integration: the British and Danish opt-outs from Economic and Monetary Union and European policies on borders, asylum, migration, internal security and justice. Drawing on over one hundred interviews with national representatives and EU officials, the author demonstrates how representatives manage the stigma of opting out, allowing them to influence even politically sensitive areas covered by their opt-outs. Developing a practice approach to European integration, the book shows how everyday negotiations transform national interests into European ideals. It is usually assumed that states opt out to preserve sovereignty, but Adler-Nissen argues that national opt-outs may actually reinforce the integration process.

Reviews

‘This is an excellent book which covers an important and timely topic in an innovative and useful way. I have no doubt that this will be a work of great interest to students of European studies, international theory, and diplomatic studies. It demonstrates the value of incorporating sociological approaches into the study of the increasingly wider and more important spaces which are developing between the insides and the outsides and about which much of IR theory struggles to speak coherently.'

Paul Sharp - University of Minnesota, Duluth

‘This is a very exciting book. The argument is original and likely to make a splash among both international relations and European Union scholars. It is one of the first and, to this date, the most sophisticated attempt at showing that sovereignty is not only an abstract concept but something that is lived and managed by real social actors, namely diplomats. The author weaves a rich and varied theoretical literature in an elegant, compelling manner. The empirical material is fascinating and the manuscript is well structured and well written. Thanks to an impressive number of in-depth interviews and unique ethnographical work, the book shows how diplomats embody the state and make sense of formal rules in their routine, daily activities.'

Frédéric Merand - University of Montreal

'Adler-Nissen’s book stands out for its grounding in political sociology and its admirable demonstration of what the 'practice turn' in IR can contribute to the field. The book also very helpfully includes several appendices on methodology, which will no doubt be of great use to other researchers and students who want to emulate Adler-Nissen’s practice approach.'

Ayse Zarakol Source: Global Affairs

'EU 'opt-outs', special exemptions from EU policies, are likely to be in the news in the coming years as the British seek to renegotiate the terms of their membership in the union. This book examines what actually happens when a government secures an opt-out, as Denmark, Ireland, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and others have done on issues such as social policy, border controls, the euro, defense, and asylum and immigration … On the surface, the EU might seem to be a legalistic body, but, as this book demonstrates, its true decision-making and enforcement processes are based on unwritten norms.'

Andrew Moravcsik Source: Foreign Affairs

'I enjoyed this book very much. In it, Rebecca Adler-Nissen argues that opt-outs from European integration, as epitomized by the Danes and the British, are not as straightforwardly harmful to either European integration or to the member states involved as much of the extant literature has tended to claim. She rightly argues that existing approaches to European integration tend to struggle to deal with the existence of differentiation (most notably in the form of opt-outs) and sets out to provide readers with a theoretical alternative more capable of explaining this phenomenon.'

Anand Menon Source: International Affairs

'Rebecca Adler-Nissen's book makes for fascinating and counter-intuitive reading … this is a serious, scholarly book and not an exercise in instant analysis. Adler-Nissen spent years doing multiple rounds of in-depth interviews with large numbers of diplomats to support her argument. Along the way, she has done a great service by underscoring that European integration is sociological, as well as political, legal and economic, in character.'

Pierre Hassner Source: Survival: Global Politic and Strategy

Refine List
Actions for selected content:
Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive
  • Send content to

    To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to .

    To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

    Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

    Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

    Please be advised that item(s) you selected are not available.
    You are about to send
    ×

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
×

Bibliography

Aalberts, TE (2004) The Future of Sovereignty in Multilevel Governance Europe – A Constructivist Reading. Journal of Common Market Studies 42(1): 23–46.
Adler, E. (2008). The Spread of Security Communities: Communities of Practice, Self-Restraint, and NATO’s Post–Cold War Transformation. European Journal of International Relations, 14(2), 195–230.
Adler, E and Pouliot, V (2011) International Practices. International Theory, 3(1): 1–36.
Adler-Nissen, R (forthcoming) Denmark and Norway: Shifting Places in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice. The Nordic Countries and the European Union, Edited by C Grøn, P Nedergaard and A Wivel. London: Routledge.
Adler-Nissen, R (2008a) Organized Duplicity? When States Opt Out of the European Union. In Sovereignty Games: Instrumentalizing State Sovereignty in Europe and Beyond. Edited by R Adler-Nissen and T Gammeltoft-Hansen. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Adler-Nissen, R (2008b) The Diplomacy of Opting Out: A Bourdieudian Approach to National Integration Strategies. Journal of Common Market Studies 46(3): 663–684.
Adler-Nissen, R (2009a) Behind the Scenes of Differentiated Integration: Circumventing National Opt-Outs in Justice and Home Affairs, Journal of European Public Policy 16(1): 62–90.
Adler-Nissen, R (2009b) Late Sovereign Diplomacy, The Hague Journal of Diplomacy 4(2): 121–141.
Adler-Nissen, R (2011) On a Field Trip with Bourdieu, International Political Sociology 5(3): 327–333.
Adler-Nissen, R (ed.) (2012) Bourdieu and International Relations Theory. Bourdieu in International Relations: Rethinking Key Concepts in IR. London: Routledge.
Adler-Nissen, R (2014a) Stigma Management in International Relations: Transgressive Identities, Norms and Order in International Society. International Organization, 68(1): 143–176.
Adler-Nissen, R (2014b) Symbolic Power and European Diplomacy: The struggle between national foreign services and the EU’s External Action Service, Review of International Studies. Online First.
Adler-Nissen, R and Pouliot, V (2014) Power in Practice: Negotiating the International Intervention in Libya. European Journal of International Relations, Online First.
Allen, D (2005) The United Kingdom: A Europeanized Government in a Non-Europeanized Polity. In The Member States and the European Union. Edited by S Bulmer and C Lequesne. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Andersen, BN (2003) EU Og Euroen, Danmark 30 år i EU – et festskrift. Copenhagen: Gyldendal.
Andersen, S and Sitter, N (2006) Differentiated Integration. Oslo: ARENA Working Paper Series, 05/2006.
Aus, P (2009) The Mechanisms of Consensus: Coming to Agreement on Community Asylum Policy. In Unveiling the Concil of Ministers: Games Governments Play in Brussels. Edited by D Naurin and H Wallace. New York: Palgrave.
Axelrod, R and Dion, D (1988) The Further Evolution of Cooperation. Science 242(4884): 1385–1390.
Baker, D (2005) Islands of the Mind: New Labour’s Defensive Engagement with the European Union. The Political Quarterly, 76(1): 22–36.
Baker, D and SeawrightD (1998) Introduction. In Britain For and Against Europe. British Politics and the Question of European Integration. Edited by D Baker and D Seawright. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Baker, D, Fountain, I, Gamble, A and Ludlam, S (1995) The Blue Map of Europe: Conservative Parliamentarians and European Integration. British Elections & Parties Yearbook, 5(1): 51–73.
Bankowski, Z and ChristodoulidisE (1998) The European Union as an Essentially Contested Project, European Law Journal 4(4): 341–354.
Barnett, MN (1995) Sovereignty, Nationalism, and Regional Order in the Arab States System, International Organization 49: 479–479.
Barry, A (1993) The European Community and European Government Harmonization, Mobility and European Community and European Government, Economy and Society, 22(3): 314–326.
Bátora, J (2001) Britain and Europe: The Argument Continues, Parliamentary Affairs 54(2): 276–288.
Bátora, J (2005) Does the European Union Transform the Institution of Diplomacy?Journal of European Public Policy 12(1): 44–66.
Bednar, J (2007) Valuing Exit Options, Publius: The Journal of Federalism 37(2): 190–208.
Bellamy, R and Castiglione, D (1997) The Normative Challenge of a European Polity: Cosmopolitan and Communitarian Models Compared, Criticised and Combined. In Democracy and the European Union: Challenges. Edited by A Føllesdal. Berlin: Springer.
Bellamy, R and Castiglione, D (2003) Legitimizing the Euro-‘Polity’ and Its ‘Regime’: The Normative Turn in EU Studies, European Journal of Political Theory 2(1): 7–34.
Berger, TU (1997) The Past in the Present: Historical Memory and German National Security Policy, German Politics 6(1): 39–59.
BERR (2008) Single Currency – Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). London: Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform.
Berridge, GR (1994) Talking to the Enemy – How States Without ‘Diplomatic Relations’ Communicate. London: St Martin’s Press.
Beyers, J (2005) Multiple Embeddedness and Socialization in Europe: The Case of Council Officials, International Organization 59(4): 899–936.
Bickerton, CJ (2012) European Integration. From Nation-States to Member States, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Blair, A (1998) UK Policy Coordination During the 1990–91 Intergovernmental Conference, Diplomacy and Statecraft 9(2): 160–183.
Blair, A (1999) Dealing With Europe: Britain and the Negotiation of the Maastricht Treaty. Aldershot: Ashgate.
Börzel, T (2005) Mind the Gap! European Integration Between Level and Scope. Journal of European Public Policy 12(2): 217–236.
Börzel, TA and Risse, T (2007). Europeanization: the domestic impact of European Union politics. Edited by KE Jørgensen, M Pollack and B RosamondThe SAGE Handbook of European Union Politics. London: Sage, 483–504.
Bourdieu, P (1977) Outline of a Theory of Practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bourdieu, P (1982) La mort du sociologue Erving Goffman: le découvreur de l’infiniment petit. Le Monde. 4 December 1982.
Bourdieu, P (1985) The Social Space and the Genesis of Groups, Theory and Society 14(6): 723–744.
Bourdieu, P (1986) Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgment of Taste. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
Bourdieu, P (1987) The Force of Law – Toward A Sociology of the Juridical Field, Hastings Law Journal 38(5): 805–853.
Bourdieu, P (1989) La Noblesse D’État: Grandes Ecoles Et Esprit De Corps. Paris: Les Editions de Minuit.
Bourdieu, P (1990) In Other Words: Essays Towards a Reflexive Sociology. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Bourdieu, P (1992) Language and Symbolic Power. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Bourdieu, P (1993) La Misère Du Monde. Paris: Éditions du Seuil.
Bourdieu, P (1994) Un Acte Désintéressé Est-Il Possible?. In Raisons praticques. Sur la théorie de la raison. Edited by P Bourdieu. Paris: Éditions du Seuil.
Bourdieu, P (2002) Social Space and Symbolic Space. In Contemporary Sociological Theory. Edited by CJ Calhoun et al. Oxford: Blackwell.
Bourdieu, P (2003) Firing Back: Against the Tyranny of the Market. Paris: Verso.
Bourdieu, P, Chamboredon, J-C and Passeron, J-C (1991) The Craft of Sociology: Epistemological Preliminaries. Berlin: Waoter de Gruyter & Co.
Bourdieu, P and Wacquant, L (1992) An Invitation to Reflexive Sociology. Chicago: Chicago University Press.
Bozo, F (2007) Mitterrand’s France, the End of the Cold War, and German Unification: A ReappraisalCold War History, 4(7): 455–478.
Bryant, CD (1990) Deviant People: Handling Themselves. In Deviant Behavior. Readings in the Sociology of Norm Violations. Edited by CD Bryant. New York: Hemisphere Publishing.
Bull, H (1977) The Anarchical Society. New York: Columbia University Press.
Bulmer, SJ (1996) The European Council and The Council of the European Union: Shapers of a European Confederation, Publius: The Journal of Federalism 26(4): 17–42.
Búrca, G de (1996) The Quest for Legitimacy in the European Union, The Modern Law Review 59(3): 349–376.
Búrca, G de (2003) The Constitutional Challenge of New Governance in the European Union. In Current Legal Problems Volume 56. Edited by M Freeman. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Búrca, G de and Scott, J (2000) Introduction. In Constitutional Change in the EU: From Uniformity to Flexibility? Essays on the New ‘Flexible’ Nature of the Constitutional Arrangements of the European Union. Edited by G de Búrca and J Scott. Oxford: Hart Publishing.
Burkitt, B and Mullen, A (2003) European Integration and the Battle for British Hearts and Minds: New Labour and the Euro, Political Quarterly 74(3): 322–336.
Calmfors, L, Flam, H, Gottfries, N, Haaland Matlary, J, Jerneck, M, Lindahl, R, Berntsson, CN, Rabinowicz, E and Vredin, A (1997) EMU – A Swedish Perspective. Boston: Kluwer.
Castle, S (2002) Pact Ruling Euro Nations Is Stupid, Says Prodi, The Independent 18 October.
Checkel, JT (1999) Norms, Institutions, and National Identity in Contemporary Europe, International Studies Quarterly 43: 84–114.
Checkel, JT (2004) Social Constructivisms in Global and European Politics: A Review Essay, Review of International Studies 30(2): 229–244.
Checkel, JT (2005) International Institutions and Socialization in Europe: Introduction and Framework, International Organization 59(4): 801–826.
Church, C and Phinnemore, D (2006) Understanding the European Constitution: An Introduction to the EU’s Constitutional Treaty. London: Routledge.
Church, CH (2007) Introduction. In Switzerland and the European Union. A Close, Contradictory and Misunderstood Relationship. Edited by C Church. London: Routledge.
Clegg, SR (1989) Frameworks of Power. London: Sage Publications.
Coeuré, B (2003) L’Eurogroupe: Bilan Et Perspectives, Revue d’Économie Financière 65(1): 1–10.
Cohen, A and Vauchez, A (2007) ‘Introduction: Law, Lawyers, and Transnational Politics in the Production of Europe’, Law & Social Inquiry 32.1: 75–82.
Cohn, C (1987) Sex and Death in the Rational World of Defense Intellectuals, Signs 12(4): 687–718.
Cohn, C (2006) Motives and Methods: Using Multi-Cited Ethnography to Study National Security Discourses. In Feminist Methodologies for International Relations. Edited by BA Ackerly and J True. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Cooper, AF, Hocking, B and Maley, W (2008) Global Governance and Diplomacy: Worlds Apart?Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan.
CoulterJ (2001) Human Practices and the Oberservability of the ‘Macro-Social’, In The Practice Turn in Contemporary Theory. Edited by SchatzkiTR, CetinaKK, and Von SavignyE. London: Routledge.
Crocker, J and Major, B (1989) Social Stigma and Self-Esteem: The Self-Protective Properties of Stigma, Psychological Review 96(4): 608–630.
Cross, MKD (2007) A European Epistemic Community of Diplomats. Edited by P Sharp and G Wiseman. New York: Palgrave.
Cross, MKD (2011) Building a European Diplomacy: Recruitment and Training to the EEAS, European Foreign Affairs Review, 16(4): 447–464.
Curtin, D (1993) The Constitutional Structure of the Union – A Europe of Bits and Pieces, Common Market Law Review 30(1): 17–69.
Curtin, D (1995) The Shaping of a European Constitution and the 1996 IGC: ‘Flexibility’ As a Key Paradigm?Aussenwirtschaft 50(Special issue): 238–251.
Curtin, D (2006) European Legal Integration: Paradise Lost? In European Integration and Law. Edited by D Curtin et al. Antwerpen: Intersentia.
Curtin, D and Egeberg, M (2008) Tradition and Innovation: Europe’s Accumulated Executive Order. West European Politics, 31(4), 639–661.
Danish Institute for International Studies (2008) De Danske Forbehold Overfor Den Europæiske Union. Udviklingen Siden 2000 [The Danish Opt-Outs From the European Union. The Development Since 2000]. Copenhagen: Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS).
Dansk Udenrigspolitisk Institut (2000) Udviklingen i EU siden 1992 På de områder, der er omfattet af de danske forbehold [The Development in the EU Since 1992 on the Areas Covered by the Danish Opt-Outs]. Copenhagen: Dansk Udenrigspolitisk Institut.
De Neve (2007) The European Onion? How Differentiated Integration is Reshaping the EU, Journal of European Integration, 29(4): 503–521.
De Witte, B (2001) Chameleonic Member States: Differentiation by Means of Partial and Parallel International Agreement. In The Many Faces of Differentiation in EU Law. Edited by B De Witte, D Hanf and E Vos. Antwerpen: Intersentia.
De Witte, B (2002) Anticipating the Institutional Consequences of Expanded Membership of the European Union, International Political Science Review 23(3), 235–248.
Dehousse, F (2003) Beyond Representative Democracy: Constitutionalism in a Polycentric Polity. In European Constitutionalism Beyond the State. Edited by JHH Weiler and M Wind. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Delanty, G and Rumford, C (2006) Rethinking Europe: Social Theory and the Implications of Europeanization. London: Routledge.
Denman, R (2004) Major Is Singing That Old 1959 Song, International Herald Tribune 21 September.
Der Derian, J (1987) On Diplomacy: A Genealogy of Western Estrangement. Oxford: Blackwell.
Dezalay, Y and Garth, B (1995) Merchants of Law As Moral Entrepreneurs: Constructing International Justice From the Competition for Transnational Business Disputes, Law & Society Review 29(1): 27–64.
Dezalay, Y and Garth, B (2010) The Internationalization of Palace Wars: Lawyers, Economists, and the Contest to Transform Latin American States. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Dezalay, Yves and Bryant, GGarth (1996) Dealing in Virtue: International Commercial Arbitration and the Construction of a Transnational Legal Order. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Diez, T (1999) Speaking ‘Europe’: the Politics of Integration Discourse, Journal of European Public Policy 6(4): 598–613.
Dowding, K, John, P, Mergoupis, T and Vugt, M (2000) Exit, Voice and Loyalty: Analytic and Empirical Developments, European Journal of Political Research 37(4), 469–495.
Downs, G W, Rocke, DM and Barsoom, PN (1998) Managing the Evolution of Multilateralism, International Organization 52(2): 397–419.
Duquette, ES (2003) Will a Constitution for Europe Make a Difference?International Law Review 1(1): 71–80.
Dyson, K (2000a) Europeanization, Whitehall Culture and the Treasury As Institutional Veto Player: A Constructivist Approach to Economic and Monetary Union, Public Administration 78(4): 897–914.
Dyson, K (2002b) Introduction: EMU As Integration, Europeanization and Convergence. In European States and the Euro. Europeanization, Variation and Convergence. Edited by K Dyson. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Dyson, K and Featherstone, K (1999) The Road to Maastricht. Negotating Economic and Monetary Union. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Edkins, J (1999) Poststructuralism and International Relations. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers.
Egeberg, M and Jarle, T (2011) EU-Level Agencies: New Executive Centre Formation or Vehicles for National Control?Journal of European Public Policy 18(6): 868–887.
Egeberg, M and Trondal, J (1999) Differentiated Integration in Europe: The Case of EEA Country, Norway, Journal of Common Market Studies 37(1): 133–142.
Eilstrup-Sangiovanni, M (2006) The Future of European Integration Studies: The Road Ahead. In Debates on European Integration: A Reader. Edited by M Eilstrup-Sangiovanni. New York: Palgrave.
Eising, R and Kohler-Koch, B (1999) Governance in the European Union: A Comparative Assessment. In The Transformation of Governance in the European Union. Edited by B Kohler-Koch and R Eising (London: Routledge).
Ekengren, M (2002) The Time of European Governance. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Elgström, O (2003) European Union Presidencies: A Comparative Perspective. London: Routledge.
Eliassen, KA and Sitter, N (2003) Ever Closer Cooperation? The Limits of the ‘Norwegian Method’ of European Integration, Scandinavian Political Studies 26(2): 125–144.
Emerson, M, Vahl, M and Woolcock, S (2002) Navigating by the Stars: Norway, the European Economic Area and the European Union. Brussels: CEPS.
Everett, J (2002) Organizational Research and the Praxeology of Pierre Bourdieu, Organizational Research Methods 5(1): 56–80.
Faulks, K (1999) Political Sociology: A Critical Introduction. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Favell, A (2011) Eurostars and Eurocities: Free Movement and Mobility in an Integrating Europe. London: John Wiley & Sons.
Favell, A and Guiraudon, V (2009). The Sociology of the European Union An Agenda, European Union Politics, 10(4), 550–576.
Favell, A and Guiraudon, V (eds.) (2011) The Sociology of the European Union. London: Palgrave.
Featherstone, K and Radaelli, CM (Eds.). (2003). The politics of Europeanization. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Fella, S (2006) New Labour, Same Old Britain? The Blair Government and European Treaty Reform, Parliamentary Affairs 59(4): 621–637.
Fielding, N (1993) Qualitative Interviewing. In Researching Social Life. Edited by N Gilbert. London: Sage.
Finnemore, M and Sikkink, K (2001) Taking Stock: The Constructivist Research Program in International Relations and Comparative Politics, Annual Review of Political Science 4(1): 391–416.
Fischer, J (2000) From Confederacy to Federation: Thoughts on the Finality of European Integration, Speech by Joschka Fischer at the Humboldt University in Berlin, 12 May 2000. In What Kind of Constitution for What Kind of Polity? Edited by C Joerges, Y Mény and JHH Weiler. Florence: European University Institute.
Flick, U (2006) An Introduction to Qualitative Research. 3 ed. London: Sage.
Fligstein, N (2001) Social Skill and the Theory of Fields. Sociological Theory 19(2): 105–125.
Flockhart, T (2005) Critical Junctures and Social Identity Theory: Explaining the Gap Between Danish Mass and Elite Attitudes to Europeanization, Jcms-Journal of Common Market Studies 43(2): 251–271.
Flyvbjerg, B (1991) Rationalitet Og Magt. Det Konkretes Videnskab. Bind I. [Rationality and Power. The Science of the Concrete. Vol. I]. Copenhagen: Akademisk Forlag.
Fourcade, M (2013) The economy as morality play, and implications for the Eurozone crisis. Socio-Economic Review, 11(3): 601–627.
Føllesdal, A and Hix, S (2006) Why There Is a Democratic Deficit in the EU: A Response to Majone and Moravcsik, Journal of Common Market Studies 44(3): 533–562.
Freshwater, H (2003) The Allure of the Archive, Poetics Today 24(4): 729–758.
Frey, BS and Eichenberger, R (1999) The New Democratic Federalism For Europe Functional, Over lapping and Competing Jurisdictions. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
Frey, BS and Eichenberger, R (2000) A Proposal for a Flexible Europe, The World Economy 23(10): 1323–1334.
Friedrichs, J (2001) The Meaning of New Medievalism, European Journal of International Relations 7(4): 475–501.
Gad, UP (2007) Is Turkey Muslim and/or European? The Construction of Turkey in Danish Identity Politics. Paper presented to the ECPR-SGIR conference, Turin, 12–15 September.
Gamble, A and Kelly, G (2002) Britain and the EMU. In European States and the Euro. Europeanization, Variation, and Convergence. Edited by K Dyson. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Garland, D (1990) Punishment and Society. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Geddes, A (2000) Immigration and European Integration: Towards Fortress Europe?Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Geddes, A (2004) The European Union and British Politics. Basingstroke: Palgrave.
Geddes, A (2005) Getting the Best of Both Worlds? Britain, the EU and Migration Policy, International Affairs 81(4): 723–740.
Geddes, A (2013) Britain and the European Union. Houndmills: Palgrave.
Gehlbach, S (2006) A Formal Model of Exit and Voice, Rationality and Society 18(4), 395–418.
George, S (1994) An Awkward Partner: Britain in the European Community. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Gibbons, JA (1997) Struggle and Catharsis: Art in Women’s Prisons, Journal of Arts Management, Law and Society 27(1): 72.
Giddens, A (1984) The Constitution Of Society: Outline Of The Theory Of Structuration. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Giddings, P (2004) Westminster, the EMU and the Euro. In Britain in the European Union: Law, Politicy and Parliament. Edited by P Giddings and G Drewry. New York: Palgrave.
Givens, T and Luedtke, A (2003) EU Immigration Policy: From Intergovernmentalism to Reluctant Harmonization. In The State of the European Union: Law, Politics and Society. Edited by TA Börzel and RA Cichowski. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Givens, T and Luedtke, A (2004) The Politics of European Union Immigration Policy: Institutions, Salience, and Harmonization, Policy Studies Journal 32(1): 145–165.
Goertz, G (2006) Social Science Concepts: A User’s Guide. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Goffman, E (1951) Symbols of class status. The British Journal of Sociology, 2(4), 294–304.
Goffman, E (1959) Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. New York: Doubleday & Company.
Goffman, E (1963) Stigma: Notes on the Management of Spoiled Identity. New York: Touchstone.
Goffman, E (1983) The Interaction Order: American Sociological Association, 1982 presidential address. American Sociological Review 48(1), 1–17.
Gray, E and Statham, P (2005) Becoming European? The Transformation of the British Pro-Migrant NGO Sector in Response to Europeanization, Journal of Common Market Studies 43(4): 877–898.
Guiraudon, V (2003) The Constitution of a European Immigration Policy Domain: a Political Sociology Approach, Journal of European Public Policy 10(2): 263–282.
Guiraudon, V (2004) Immigration and Asylum: A High Politics Agenda. In Developments in the European Union. Edited by MG Cowles and D Dinan. Houndmills: Palgrave.
Guiraudon, V and Jileva, E (2006) Immigration and Asylum. In Developments in European Politics. Edited by PM Heywood et al. Houndmills: Palgrave.
Guzzini, S (2000) A Reconstruction of Constructivism in International Relations, European Journal of International Relations 6(2): 147–182.
Haahr, JH (2003) ‘Our Danish Democracy’: Community, People and Democracy in the Danish Debate on the Common Currency, Cooperation and Conflict 38(1): 27–47.
Habermas, J (2003) Toward a Cosmopolitan Europe, Journal of Democracy 14(4): 86–100.
Habermas, J (2004) Why Europe Needs a Constitution. In Developing a Constitution for Europe. Edited by EO Eriksen, JE Fossum and AJ Menéndez. London: Routledge.
Hacking, I (1999) The Social Construction of What? A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge. Cambrigde, MA: Harvard University Press.
Häge, F (2012) Bureaucrats as Law-Makers: Committee Decision-Making in the EU Council of Ministers. London: Routledge.
Hallerberg, M (2000) The Importance of Domestic Political Institutions: Why and How Belgium and Italy Qualified for EMU. B 10–2000 ed. Bonn: Center for European Integration Studies, ZEI Working Paper.
Hamel, J (1998) The Positions of Pierre Bourdieu and Alain Touraine Respecting Qualitative Methods, British Journal of Sociology 49(1): 1–19.
Hanf, D (2001) Flexibility Clauses in the Founding Treaties, From Rome to Nice. In The Many Faces of Flexibility in EU Law. Edited by B De Witte. Antwerpen: Intersentia.
Hansen, L (2002) Sustaining Sovereignty: The Danish Approach to Europe. In European Integration and National Identity: The Challenge of the Nordic States. Edited by L Hansen and O Wæver. London: Routledge.
Harvey, C (1997) Restructuring Asylum: Recent Trends in United Kingdom Asylum Law and Policy, International Journal of Refugee Law 9(1): 60–73.
Hayes-Renshaw, F, Van Aken, W and Wallace, H (2006) When and Why the EU Council of Ministers Votes Explicitly, Journal of Common Market Studies 44(1): 161–194.
Hayes-Renshaw, F and Wallace, H (1997) The Council of Ministers. Houndmills: Macmillan.
Heartfield, J (2007) European Union: A Process Without a Subject. In Politics Without Sovereignty: A Critique of Contemporary International Relations. Edited by C J. Bickerton, P Cunliffe and A Gourevitch. London: Routledge.
Hedetoft, U (2000) The Interplay Between Mass and Elite Attitudes to European Integration in Denmark. In Denmark’s Policy Towards Europe After 1945. History, Theory and Option. Edited by H Branner and M Kelstrup. Odense: Odense University Press.
Heisenberg, D (2005) The Institution of ‘Consensus’ in the European Union: Formal Versus Informal Decision-Making in the Council, European Journal of Political Research 44(1): 65–90.
Héritier, A (1999) Policy-Making and Diversity in Europe: Escape From Deadlock. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Herrmann, RK and Brewer, MB (2004) Identity and Institutions: Becoming European in the EU. In Transnational Identities: Becoming European in the EU. Edited by RK Herrmann and MB Brewer. New York: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
Hine, D (2001) Constitutional Reform and Treaty Reform in Europe. In From the Nation State to Europe? Edited by A Menon and V Wright. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hirschman, AO (1970) Exit, Voice, and Loyalty: Responses to Decline in Firms, Organizations, and StatesCambridge, MA: Harvard university press.
Hix, S (1998) The Study of the European Union II: the ‘New Governance’ Agenda and Its Rival, Journal of European Public Policy 5(1): 38–65.
Hix, S (2005) The Political System of the European Union. Houndmills: Palgrave.
HM Treasury (2003) Policy Frameworks in the UK and EMU. EMU Study. London: HM Treasury Public Enquiry Unit.
Hocking, B (2005) Introduction: Gatekeepers and Boundary-Spanners – Thinking About Foreign Ministries in the European Union. In Foreign Ministries in the European Union: Integrating Diplomats. Edited by B Hocking and D Spence. Houndmills and New York: Palgrave.
Hooghe, L and Marks, G (2001). Multi-level Governance and European Integration. Rowman & Littlefield.
Hooghe, L and Marks, G (2008) European Union?West European Politics, 31(1–2), 108–129.
House of Lords (1999) Schengen and the United Kingdom’s Border Controls. London: House of Lords 7th Report, 1998/99.
House of Lords (2004) Minutes of Evidence Taken Before the Select Committee on the European Union, 25 February 2004, London: House of Lords Select Committee on European Union.
House of Lords (2008) Minutes of Evidence Taken Before the Select Commitee on the European Union (Sub-Comittee A), 21 January 2008. London: House of Lords Select Committee on European Union.
Houtzager, PB (2005) Introduction: From Polycentrism to the Polity. In Changing Paths: International Development and the New Politics of Inclusion. Edited by PB Houtzager and M Moore. Ann Arbour: University of Michigan Press.
Howarth, D (2003) France, Britain and the Euro-Atlantic Crisis, Survival 45(4): 173–192.
Howarth, D (2005) The Euro-Outsiders: Conclusions, Journal of European Integration 27(1): 133–140.
Howarth, D (2007) The Domestic Politics of British Policy on the Euro, Journal of European Integration 29(1): 47–68.
Hummer, W (2006) The New EU – A Military Pact? Solidarity – Neutrality – ‘Irish Clause’. In European Security in Transition. Edited by G Hauser and F Kernic. Surrey: Ashgate.
Ignatow, G (2009) Why the Sociology of Morality Needs Bourdieu’s Habitus, Sociological Inquiry, 79(1): 98–114.
Jachtenfuchs, M (2001) The Governance Approach to European Isntegration. Journal of Common Market Studies, 39(2), 245–264.
Jackson, P (2004) Hegel’s House, or ‘People Are States Too’, Review of International Studies 30(02): 281–287.
Jackson, P (2008) Pierre Bourdieu, the ‘Cultural Turn’ and the Practice of International History, Review of International Studies 34(1): 155–181.
Jenkins, R (2002) Pierre Bourdieu. London: Routledge.
Jenkins, R (2005) Social Skills, Social Research Skills, Sociological Skills: Teaching Reflexivity?Teaching Sociology 23(1): 16–27.
Jensen, L (2003) Den Store Koordinator. Finansministeriet Som Moderne Styringsaktør [The Big Coordinator. The Ministry of Finance As a Modern Regulating Actor]. Copenhagen: DJØF.
Jervis, R (1976) Perception and Misperception in International Politics. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Johler, R (2008) Ethnological Aspects of ‘Rooting’ Europe in a ‘De-Ritualised’ Europan Union. In Managing Ethnicity: Perspectives from Folklore Studies, History and Anthropology. Edited by R Bendix and H Rodenburg. Het Spinhuis.
Johnston, AI (2001) Treating International Institutions as Social Environments, International Studies Quarterly, 45(4), 487–515.
Jones, CP (1987) Stigma: Tattooing and Branding in Graeco-Roman Antiquity, The Journal of Roman Studies 77: 139–155.
Jørgensen, KE (1999) Modern European Diplomacy: A Research Agenda, Journal of International Relations and Development, 2(1): 78–96.
Jupille, JCaporaso, JA and Checkel, JT (2003) Integrating Institutions: Rationalism, Constructivism, and the Study of the European Union, Comparative Political Studies 36(1–2): 7–40.
Juss, SS (2005) The Decline and Decay of European Refugee Policy, Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 25(4): 749–792.
Kando, T (1972) Passing and Stigma Management: The Case of the Transsexual, The Sociological Quarterly 13(4), 475–483.
Kassim, HB and Peters, GB (2001) Conclusion: Co-Ordinating National Action in Brussels – A Comparative Perspective. In The National Co-ordination of EU Policy: The European Level. Edited by HB Kassim et al. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Katzenstein, P (1996), Introduction: Alternative Perspectives on National Security. In The Culture of National Security: Norms and Identity in World Politics. Edited by PJ Katzenstein. New York: Columbia University Press.
Kauppi, N (2003) Bourdieu’s Political Sociology and the Politics of European Integration, Theory and Society 32(5–6): 775–789.
Kauppi, N and Madsen, MR (eds) (2013) Transnational Power Elites: The New Professionals of Governance, Law and Security, London: Routledge.
Kelstrup, M (2006) Denmark in the Process of European Integration: Dilemmas, Problems and Perspectives. In National Identity and the Varieties of Capitalism: The Danish Experience. Edited by JL Cambell, John A. Hall and OK. Pedersen. Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press.
King, A (2000) Thinking With Bourdieu Against Bourdieu: A ‘Practical’ Critique of the Habitus, Sociological Theory 18(3): 417–433.
Kölliker, A (2001). Bringing Together or Driving Apart the Union? Towards a Theory of Differentiated Integration. West European Politics, 24(4), 125–151
Kölliker, A (2006) Flexibility and European Unification: The Logic of Differentiated Integration. Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield.
König, T and Junge, D (2009). Why Don’t Veto Players Use Their Power?European Union Politics, 10(4), 507–534.
Kostakopoulou, T (1998) European Union Citizenship As a Model of Citizenship Beyond the Nation State: Possibilities and Limits. In Political Theory and the European Union: Legitimacy, Constitutional Choice and Citizenship. Edited by A Weale and M Nentwich. London: Routledge.
Krajewski, M (2001) Democratic Legitimacy and Constitutional Perspectives of WTO Law, Journal of World Trade 35(1): 167–186.
Krasner, SD (1999) Sovereignty: Organized Hypocrisy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Krunke, H (2005) From Maastricht to Edinburgh: The Danish Solution, European Constitutional Law Review 1(3): 339–356.
Kusow, AM (2004) Contesting Stigma: On Goffman’s Assumptions of Normative Order, Symbolic Interaction 27(2): 179–197.
Kux, S and Sverdrup, U (2000) Fuzzy Borders and Adaptive Outsiders: Norway, Switzerland and the EU, Journal of European Integration 22(3): 237–270.
La Malfa, G (2002) The Orphaned Euro, Survival 44(1): 81–95.
Ladrech, R (2004a) Europeanization and the Member States. In Developments in the European Union. Edited by MG Cowles and D Dinan. Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan.
Ladrech, R (2004b) The Social Psychology of Identity Change. In Transnational identities: Becoming European in the EU. Edited by RK Herrmann, T Risse-Kappen and MB Brewer. Lanham-Boulder-New York-Toronto-Oxford: Rowman & Littlefield.
Laffan, Brigid, and O’Mahony, Jane (2008) Ireland and the European Union, Palgrave Macmillan.
Lamaison, P and Bourdieu, P (1989) From Rules to Strategies: An Interview with Pierre Bourdieu, Cultural Anthropology 1(1): 110–120.
Lancker, AV (1997) Transparency and Accountability of Schengen. In Schengen, Judicial Cooperation and Policy Coordination. Edited by M den Boer. Maastricht: European Institute of Public Administration.
Larsen, H (1999) British and Danish European Policies in the 1990s: A Discourse Approach, European Journal of International Relations 5(4): 451–483.
Larsen, H (2000) Denmark and the European Defence Dimension in the Post-Cold War Period: Opt-Out or Participation? In Danish Foreign Policy Yearbook. Edited by B Heurlin and H Mouritzen. Copenhagen: Danish Institute for International Affairs.
Larsen, H (2006) Analysing Small State Foreign Policy in the EU: The Case of Denmark. Basingstroke: Palgrave.
Lavenex, S (2001) The Europeanization of Refugee Policies: Normative Challenges and Institutional Legacies, Journal of Common Market Studies 39(5): 851.
Leander, A (2005) The Power to Construct International Security: On the Significance of Private Military Companies, Millennium-Journal of International Studies 33(3): 803–825.
Leander, A (2008) Thinking Tools: Analyzing Symbolic Power and Violence. In Qualitative Methods in International Relations: A Pluralist Guide. Edited by A Klotz and D Prakash. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Lebow, RN (2008) A Cultural Theory of International Relations. Cambridge University Press.
Lempp, J and Altenschmidt, J (2008) The Prevention of Deadlock Through Informal Processes of Supranationalization: The Case of Coreper, Journal of European Integration 30(4): 511–526.
Lewis, J (2000) The Methods of Community in EU Decision-Making and Administrative Rivalry in the Council Infrastructure, Journal of European Public Policy 7(2): 261–289.
Lewis, J (2003) Informal Integration and the Supranational Construction of the Council, Journal of European Public Policy 10(6): 996–1019.
Lewis, J (2005) The Janus Face of Brussels: Socialization and Everyday Decision Making in the European Union, International Organization 59(4): 937–971.
Lewis, J (2009) Strategic Bargaining, Norms, and Deliberation. In Unveiling the Council of Ministers: Games Governments Play in Brussels. Edited by D Naurin and H Wallace. New York: Palgrave.
Lewitt, P and Schiller, NG (2004) Conceptualizing Simultaneity: A Transnational Social Field Perspective on Society, International Migration Review 38(3): 1002–1039.
Liénard, G and Servais, E (1974) Le sens pratique, Revue française de sociologie, 15(3): 413–421.
Lindahl, R and Naurin, D (2005) Sweden: The Twin Faces of a Euro-Outsider, European Integration 27(1): 65–87.
Link, BG and Phelan, Jo C (2001) Conceptualizing Stigma, Annual Review of Sociology 37: 363–385.
Ludlam, S (1998) The Cauldron: Conservative Parliamentarians and European Integration. In Britain for and Against Europe. British Politics and the Question of European Integration. Edited by D Baker and D Seawright. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Lynch, C (2006) Critical Interpretation and Interwar Peace Movements: Challenging Dominant Narratives. In Interpretation and Method: Empirical Research Methods and the Interpretive Turn. Edited by D Yanow and P Schwartz-Shea. Armnok and Londn: M.E. Sharpe.
MacCormick, N (2002) Questioning Sovereignty: Law, State, and Nation in the European Commonwealth. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
MacCormick, N (2004) A Union of Its Own Kind? Reflections on the European Convention and the Proposed Constitution of the European Union. Edinburgh: Neil MacCormick.
MacCormick, N (2007) Institutions of Law: An Essay in Legal Theory. Oxford University Press.
Madsen, MR (2007) From Cold War Instrument to Supreme European Court: The European Court of Human Rights at the Crossroads of International and National Law and Politics, Law & Social Inquiry 32(1): 137–159.
Majone, G (1994). The Rise of the Regulatory State in Europe. West European Politics, 17(3): 77–101.
Major, J (1994) Speech in Leiden. Leiden: Unpublished, 7 September 1994.
Mak, J (2003) Informality As an Asset? The Case of EMU. In Informal Governance in the European Union. Edited by T Christiansen and S Piattoni. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
Manners, I (2000) Substance and Symbolism: An Anatomy of Cooperation in the New Europe. Adershot: Ashgate.
Manners, I (2007) Another Europe Is Possible: Critical Perspectives on European Union Politics. In Handbook of European Union Politics. Edited by KE Jørgensen, MA Pollack and B Rosamond. London: Sage.
Marcussen, M and Zolner, M (2000) Ideas and Elites. The Social Construction of the Economic and Monetary Union. Aalborg: Aalborg University Press.
Marcussen, M and Zolner, M (2001) The Danish EMU Referendum 2000: Business As Usual, Government and Opposition 36(3): 379–401.
Marcussen, M and Zolner, M (2005) Denmark and European Monetary Integration: Out but Far From Over, Journal of European Integration 27(1): 43–63.
Marcussen, M and Zolner, M (2007) Handing Euro-Outsiderness. Working Paper 7. Roskilde: Center for Democratic Nework Governance, Roskilde University.
Marks, G, Hooghe, L and Blank, K (1996) European Integration From the 1980s: State-Centric v Multi-Level Governance, Journal of Common Market Studies 34(3): 341–378.
Mayall, D (2007) Introduction. In The Diplomatic Corps as an Institution of International Society. Edited by P Sharp and G Wiseman. New York: Palgrave.
Maynard-Moody, S and Musheno, M (2006) Stories for Research. In Interpretation and Method: Empirical Research and the Interpretive Turn. Edited by D Yanow and P Schwartz-Shea. Armonk and London: M.E. Sharpe.
Meehan, E (2000a) ‘Britain’s Irish Question: Britain’s European Question?’ British-Irish Relations in the Context of European Union and The Belfast Agreement, Review of International Studies 26(1): 83–97.
Meehan, E (2000b) Free Movement Between Ireland and the UK: From the ‘Common Travel Area’ to The Common Travel Area. Dublin: The Policy Institute at Trinity College Dublin.
Mérand, F (2008) European Defence Policy Beyond the Nation-State. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Mérand, F and Pouliot, V (2008) The World of Pierre Bourdieu: Elements for a Social Theory of International Relations, Canadian Journal of Political Science-Revue Canadienne de Science Politique 41(3): 603–625
Miles, L (2005a) Introduction: Euro-Outsiders and the Politics of Asymmetry, Journal of European Integration 27(1): 3–23.
Miles, L (2005b) The North. In The Geopolitics of Euro-Atlantic Integration. Edited by H Mouritzen and A Wivel. London: Routledge.
Miller, V (2000) The Danish Referendum on Economic and Monetary Union. London: House of Commons Research Paper.
Misztal, BA (2001) Normality and Trust in Goffman’s Theory of Interaction Order, Sociological Theory 19(3): 312–324.
Moi, T (1991) Appropriating Bourdieu: Feminist Theory and Pierre Bourdieu’s Sociology of Culture, New Literary History 22(4): 1017–1049.
Monar, J (1999) Flexibility and Closer Cooperation in an Emerging European Migration Policy: Opportunities and Risks. 1 ed. Rome: Laboratorio CeSPI.
Monar, J (2000) Justice and Home Affairs in a Wider Europe: The Dynamics of Inclusion and Exclusion. 7 ed. Leicester: ‘One Europe or Several?’ Programme Working Paper, Centre for European Politics and Institutions, Department of Politics, University of Leicester.
Monar, J (2003) Justice and Home Affairs, Journal of Common Market Studies 41(Annual Review): 119–135.
Mor, B D (2009) Accounts and Impression Management in public diplomacy: Israeli Justification of Force during the 2006 Lebanon War. Global Change, Peace & Security, 21(2): 219–239.
Moravcsik, A (1991) Negotiating the Single European Act: National Interests and Conventional Statecraft in the European Community, International Organization 3(1): 19–56.
Moravcsik, A (1993) Integrating International and Domestic Politics: A Theoretical Introduction. In Double-Edged Diplomacy: Interactive Games in International Affairs. Edited by P Evans, H Jacobson and R Putnam. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Moravcsik, A (1998) Europe’s Integration at Century’s End. In Centralization or Fragmentation? Europe Facing the Challenges of Deepening, Diversity and Democracy. Edited by A Moravcsik. New York: Council on Foreign Relations, Brookings Institution Press.
Moravcsik, A. (2004) Is there a ‘Democratic Deficit’in World Politics?A framework for analysis. Government and opposition, 39(2), 336–363.
Moravcsik, A and Nicolaidis, K (1998) Keynote Article: Federal Ideals and Constitutional Realities in the Treaty of Amsterdam, Journal of Common Market Studies, 43(s1): 13–38.
Moravcsik, A and Nicolaidis, K (1999) Explaining the Treaty of Amsterdam: Interests, Influence, Institutions, Journal of Common Market Studies 37(1): 59–85.
Moravcsik, A and Vachudova, MA (2002) Bargaining Among Unequals: Enlargement and the Future of European Integration, EUSA Review 15(4): 1–3.
Mouritzen, H (2003) Stifled by Her Own Success?: A Geopolitical Perspective, Cooperation and Conflict 38(3): 305–310.
Mudge, SL and Vauchez, A (2012) Building Europe on a Weak Field: Law, Economics, and Scholarly Avatars in Transnational Politics, American Journal of Sociology 118(2): 449–492.
Mulhearn, C and Vane, HR (2005) The UK and the Euro: Debating the British Decision, World Economy 28(2): 243–258.
Naurin, D and Wallace, H (2009) Introduction: From Rags to Riches. In Unveiling the Council of Ministers: Games Governments Play in Brussels. Edited by D Naurin and H Wallace. New York: Palgrave.
Neumann, I (1999) Nasjonal Kultur, Postnasjonal Politikk? [National Culture, Postnational Politics?]. In Kunnskapsregimer. Debatten om De nasjonale strategier [Knowledge Regimes. The Debate on The National Strategies]. Edited by E Rudeng. Oslo: Pax Forlag.
Neumann, I (2002) The Engish School on Diplomacy. The Hague: Clingendael Institute.
Neumann, I (2004) Beware of Organicism: the Narrative Self of the State, Review of International Studies 30(02): 259–267.
Neumann, I (2005) To Be a Diplomat, International Stuides Perspectives 6: 72–93.
Neumann, I (2007) ‘A Speech That the Entire Ministry May Stand for,’ or: Why Diplomats Never Produce Anything New, International Political Sociology 1(2): 183–200.
Nicolaïdis, K (2001) Conclusion: The Federal Vision Beyond the Federal State. In The Federal Vision: Legitimacy and Levels of Governance in the US and the EU. Edited by K Nicolaidis and R Howse. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Niemann, A (2009) Deliberation and Bargaining in the Article 113 Committee and the 1996/97 IGC Representatives Group. In Unveiling the Council of Ministers: Games Governments Play in Brussels. Edited by H Wallace and D Naurin. New York: Palgrave.
Nurmi, H (1997) The Representation of Voter Groups in the European Parliament: a Penrose-Banzhaf Index Analysis, Electoral Studies 16(3): 317–327.
Olsen, JP (2005) The Political Organization of Europe: Differentiation and Unification. Oslo: Arena Centre for European Studies, No 23.
Olsen, JP and March, JG (2004) The Logic of Appropriateness. Oslo: ARENA Working Paper Series: 09/2004.
Padoa-Schioppa, T (2006) Europe, a Civil Power. Lessons From EU Experience. London: The Federal Trust.
Papagianni, G (2001) Flexibility in Justice and Home Affairs: an Old Phenomenon Taking New Forms. In The Many Faces of Differentiation in the EU. Edited by B De Witte, D Hanf and E Vos. Antwerp: Intersentia.
Petersen, N (1993) ‘Game, Set and Match’: Denmark and the European Union After Maastricht. In The Nordic Countries and the EC. Edited by T Tiilikainen and ID Petersen. Copenhagen: Political Studies Press.
Petersen, N (1998) National Strategies in the Integration Dilemma: An Adaptation Approach, Journal of Common Market Studies 36(1): 33–54.
Petersen, N (2003) Formuleringen Af Forbeholdene [The Drafting of the Opt-Outs]. In Danmark 30 år i EU – et festskrift [Denmark 30 years in the EU – a Festschrift]. Copenhagen: Gyldendal.
Peterson, J (1999) Europe’s Ambiguous Unity: Conflict and Consensus in the Post-Maastricht Era, Political Studies 47(2): 381–383.
Pilkington, C (1995) Britain in the European Union. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Plattner, MF (2003) Competing Goals, Conflicting Perspectives, Journal of Democracy 14(4): 42–56.
Pouliot, V (2007) ‘Sobjectivism’: Toward a Constructivist Methodology, International Studies Quarterly 51(2): 359–384.
Pouliot, V (2008) The Logic of Practicality: A Theory of Practice of Security Communities, International Organization 62(2): 257–288.
Pouliot, V (2012) Methodology: Putting Practice Theory into Practice. In R Adler-Nissen (ed.) Bourdieu in International Relations: Rethinking Key Concepts in IR. London: Routledge.
Prechal, S and Roermund, B van (2008) Binding Unity in EU Legal Order: An Introduction. In The Coherence of EU Law: The Search for Unity in Divergent Concepts. Edited by S Prechal and B van Roermund. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Puetter, U (2004) Governing Informally: the Role of the Eurogroup in EMU and the Stability and Growth Pact, Journal of European Public Policy 11(5): 854–870.
Puetter, U (2005) The Enlargement of the European Union. Ordering From the Menu in Central Europe, West European Politics 28(5): 1126–1128.
Puetter, U (2006) The Eurogroup. How a Secretive Circle of Finance Ministers Shape European Economic Governance. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Puetter, U (2014) The European Council and the Council. New intergovernmentalism and institutional change, Oxford: Oxford University Press, forthcoming.
Rasmussen, AF (2003) Visions for Denmark’s Active European Policy. Copenhagen: Speech by Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen at University of Copenhagen.
Reay, D, David, ME and Ball, SJ (2005) Degrees of Choice: Class, Race, Gender and Higher Education. Stoke on Trent and New York: Trentham Books.
Risse, T (2002) Nationalism and Collective Identities: Europe Versus the Nation-State? In Developments in West European Politics 2. Edited by P Heywood, E Jones and M Rhodes. Houndmills, Basingstroke: Palgrave.
Risse, T and Sikkink, K (1999) The Socialization of Human Rights Norms into Domestic Practices: Introduction. In The Power of Human Rights: International Norms and Domestic Change. Edited by T Risse, SC Ropp and K Sikkink. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Risse-Kappen, T, Cowles, MG and Caporaso, JA (2001) Europeanization and Domestic Change: Introduction. In Transforming Europe: Europeanization and Domestic Change. Edited by MG Cowles, JA Caporaso and T Risse-Kappen. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Rosamond, B (2002) Britain’s European Future?British Politics Today, 185.
Rosamond, B (2004) Britain’s European Future? In British Politics Today. Edited by C Hay. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Rosamond, B (2006) The Future of European Studies: Integration Theory, EU Studies and Social Science. In Debates on European Integration: A Reader. Edited by M Eilstrup-Sangiovanni. New York: Palgrave.
Roschelle, AR and Kaufman, P (2004) Fitting in and Fighting Back: Stigma Management Strategies Among Homeless Kids, Symbolic Interaction 27(1): 23–46.
Rose, R (2013) Representing Europeans: A Pragmatic Approach. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Routh, DA and Burgoyne, CB (1998) Being in Two Minds About a Single Currency: A UK Perspective on the Euro, Journal of Economic Psychology 19(6): 741–754.
Ruggie, JG (1993) Territoriality and Beyond – Problematizing Modernity in International-Relations, International Organization 47(1): 139–174.
Ryborg, OV (1998) Det Utænkelige Nej . . .! Historien Om 6 Måneder, 9 Dage Og 17 Timer, Der Rystede Europa. København: Informations Forlag/Schultz Forlag.
Ryner, M (2012) Financial Crisis, Orthodoxy and Heterodoxy in the Production of Knowledge about the EU, Millennium – Journal of International Studies 40(3): 647–673.
Sandelowski, M, Lambe, C and Barroso, J (2004) Stigma in HIV‐Positive Women, Journal of Nursing Scholarship 36(2), 122–128.
Saurugger, S and Mérand, F (2010) Does European Integration Theory Need Sociology?Comparative European Politics 8(1): 1–18.
Scharling, N (2003) Politiets Vietnam-Kompleks, Dansk Politi 5 February 2003.
Scharpf, FW (1997) Economic Integration, Democracy and the Welfare State, Journal of European Public Policy 4(1), 18–36.
Scharpf, FW (2001) Notes Toward a Theory of Multilevel Governing in Europe, Scandinavian Political Studies 24: 1–26.
Scharpf, FW (2006) The Joint-Decision Trap Revisited, Journal of Common Market Studies 44(4): 845–864.
Scharpf, FW (2007) Reflections on Multi-Level Legitimacy, Max-Planck Institute for the Study of Societies. MPIfG Working Paper.
Schimmelfennig, F (2004) Goffman Meets IR: Dramaturgical Action in International Community, International Review of Sociology 12(3): 417–437.
Schmidt, VA (1997) European Integration and Democracy: the Differences Among Member States, Journal of European Public Policy 4(1): 128–145.
Schmidt, VA (2006) Democracy in Europe: The EU and National Polities. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Schmitter, PC (2001) What Is There to Legitimize in the European Union . . . and How Might This Be Accomplished? In Mountain or Molehill? A Critical Appraisal of the Commission White Paper on Governance. Edited by C Joerges, Y Meny and JHH Weiler. New York: NY School of Law, Jean Monnet Center.
Seal, DW, Bloom, FR and Somlai, AM (2000) Dilemmas in Conducting Qualitative Sex Research in Applied Field Settings, Health Education and Behavior 27(1): 10–23.
Sebenius, JK (2002) Caveats for Cross-Border Negotiators, Negotiation Journal 18(2): 121–133.
Sedelmeier, U (2011) Europeanisation in new member and candidate states. Living Reviews in European Governance, 6(1).
Selle, P and Østerud, Ø (2006) The Eroding of Representative Democracy in Norway, Journal of European Public Policy 13(4): 551–568.
Sending, OJ, V Pouliot, V and NeumannIB (Eds.) Diplomacy: The Making of World Politics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, forthcoming.
Sharp, P (2004) Who Needs Diplomats? The Problem of Diplomatic Representation. In Diplomacy. Volume III. Problems and Issues in Contemporary Diplomacy. Edited by C Jönnson and R Langthorne. London: Sage.
Sharp, P (2009). Diplomatic theory of international relations, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Shaw, J (1996) European Union Legal Studies in Crisis? Towards a New Dynamic, Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 16(2): 231–253.
Shaw, J (1998) The Treaty of Amsterdam: Challenges of Flexibility and Legitimacy, European Law Journal 4: 63–86.
Shaw, J (2002) Enhancing Cooperation After Nice: Will the Treaty Do the Trick? In The Future of the European Union. Unity in Diversity. Edited by Xuereb and G. B.London: European Documentation and Research Centre.
Shaw, J (2003) Flexibility in a ‘Reorganised’ and ‘Simplified’ Treaty. Edited by The Federal Trust. London: The Federal Trust.
Shaw, J and Wiener, A (2000) The Paradox of the European Polity. In The State of the European Union. Risks, Reform, Resistance, and Revival Volume 5. Edited by MG Cowles and M Smith. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Silverman, D (2001) Interpreting Qualitative Data. Methods for Analysing Talk, Text and Interaction. London: Sage.
Skelcher, C (2005) Jurisdictional Integrity, Polycentrism, and the Design of Democratic Governance, Governance 18(2): 89–110.
Slapin, JB (2009) Exit, Voice, and Cooperation: Bargaining Power in International Organizations and Federal Systems, Journal of Theoretical Politics, 21(2), 187–211.
Slembrouck, S (2004) Reflexivity and the Research Interview, Critical Discourse Studies 1(1): 91–112.
Slot, PJ (1994) The Institutional Provisions of the EMU. In Institutional Dynamics of European Integration. Edited by D Curtin and T Heukels. Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.
Smith, J and Tsatsas, M (2002) The New Bilateralism. The UK’s Relations Within the EU. London: The Royal Institute of International Affairs.
Soros, G (2012) How to Save the Euro, The New York Review of Books, February 23, 2012.
Stubb, A (2002) Negotiating Flexibility in the European Union: Amsterdam, Nice and Beyond. Houndmills: Palgrave.
Swartz, D (2008) Bringing Bourdieu’s Master Concepts into Organizational Analysis, Theory and Society 37(1): 45–52.
Tallberg, J (2004) The Power of the Presidency: Brokerage, Efficiency and Distribution in EU Negotiations, Journal of Common Market Studies 42(5): 999–1022.
Teague, P (2000) EU Social Policy: Institutional Design Matters. 1 ed. Belfast: School of Politics, International Relations and Philosophy, Queen’s Working Paper 1.
Thatcher, M (2002) Statecraft: Strategies for a Changing World. New York: HarperCollins Publishers.
Tonra, B (2000) Mapping EU Foreign Policy Studies, Journal of European Public Policy 7(1): 163–169.
Trenz, HJ and Eder, K (2003) Transnational Resonance Structures: Searching for the Link Between National Governance and European Policy-Making. The Case of Justice and Home Affairs. In Linking EU and National Governance. Edited by B Kohler-Koch. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Trichet, J-C (2008) The Successful Entry of Cyprus into the Euro Area. Speech by Jean-Claude Trichet, President of the ECB. Nicosia: Speech at the Conference ‘Welcoming Cyprus to the Euro Area’, 18 January 2008.
Trondal, J (2004) Re-Socializing Civil Servants. The Transformative Powers of EU Institutions, Acta Politica: International Journal of Political Science 39(1): 4–30.
Tuytschaever, F (1999) Differentiation in European Union Law. Oxford: Hart Publishing.
Vedsted-Hansen, J (2004) Denmark. In Migration and Asylum Law and Policy in the European Union. FIDE 2004 National Reports. Edited by I Higgens. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Vink, MP and GrazianoP (2007) Challenges of a new research agenda. Europeanization: new research agendas, 1, 1–26.
Verhofstadt, G (2006) The United States of Europe. London: Federal Trust.
Volker, DL (2004) Methodological Issues Associated With Studying an Illegal Act, Advances in Nursing Science 27(2): 117–128.
Wacquant, L (2004) Pointers on Pierre Bourdieu and Democratic Politics, Constellations: An International Journal of Critical & Democratic Theory 11(1): 3–15.
Wæver, O (1995) Danish Dilemmas. Foreign Policy Choices for the 21st Century. In Adaptation and Activism. The Foreign Policy of Denmark 1967–1993. Edited by C Due-Nielsen and N Petersen. Copenhagen: DJØF.
Wæver, O (2000) The EU As a Security Actor: Reflections From a Pessimistic Constructivist on Post-Sovereign Security Orders. In International Relations Theory and the Politics of European Integration: Power, Security and Community. Edited by M Kelstrup and MC Williams. London: Routledge.
Wæver, O (2002) Identity, Communities and Foreign Policy: Discourse Analysis As Foreign Policy Analysis. In European Integration and National Identity: The Challenge of the Nordic States. Edited by L Hansen and O Wæver. London: Routledge.
Walker, N (1998) Sovereignty and Differentiated Integration in the European Union, European Law Journal 4(4): 355–388.
Walker, N (2000) Flexibility Within a Metaconstitutional Frame: Reflections on the Future of Legal Authoriy in Europe. In Constitutional Change in the EU: From Uniformity to Flexibility? Edited by G De Búrca and J Shaw. Oxford: Hart Publishing.
Walker, N (2003) Late Sovereignty in the European Union. In Sovereignty in Transition. Edited by N Walker. Portland: Hart Publishing.
Wall, S (1995) Britain Out on a Limb?Political Quarterly 66(1): 46.
Wall, S (1997) At Odds With Europe, Political Studies 45(4): 677–688.
Wall, S (2000a) Flexibility: A Tool of Integration or a Restraint on Disintegration? In European Integration After Amsterdam: Institutional Dynamics and Prospects for Democracy. Edited by K Neunreither and A Wiener. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Wall, S (2000b) The Institutional Setting: Five Variations on a Theme. In Policy-Making in the European Union. Edited by H Wallace and W Wallace. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Wall, S (2008) A Stranger in Europe. Britain and the EU From Thatcher to Blair. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Wallace, W (1999) The Sharing of Sovereignty: the European Paradox, Political Studies 47(3): 503–521.
Wallace, W (2002) Towards Network Democracy? The Potential of Flexible Integration. In European Unity in Diversity: Challenges for the 21st Century. Edited by M Farrell, S Fella and M Newman. London: Sage.
Watson, A (2009) The Evolution of International Society: A Comparative Historical Analysis Reissue with a new Introduction by Barry Buzan and Richard Little. London: Routledge.
Weatherill, S (2000) Flexibility or Fragmentation: Trends in European Integration. In The State of the European Union. Edited by JA Usher. Harlow: Longman.
Weiler, JHH (1997) Editorial: Amsterdam, Amsterdam, European Law Journal 3(4): 309–312.
Weiler, JHH (1999) Introduction: ‘We Will Do, and Hearken’. In The Constitution of Europe: ‘Do the New Clothes Have an Emperor?’ and Other Essays on European Integration. Edited by JHH Weiler. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Weldes, J (1999) Constructing National Interests: The United States and the Cuban Missile Crisis. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Wiener, A (1998) ‘European’ Citizenship Practice: Building Institutions of a Non-State. Boulder: Westview Press.
Wiener, A (1999) Forging Flexibility: The British ‘No’ to Schengen, European Journal of Migration and Law 1(4): 441–463.
Wiener, A (2003) Finality Vs. Enlargement: Constitutive Practices and Opposing Rationales in the Reconstruction of Europe. In European Constitutionalism beyond the State. Edited by JHH Weiler and M Wind. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wiener, A (2007a) Contested Meanings of Norms: A Research Framework, Comparative European Politics 5(1): 1–17.
Wiener, A (2007b) The Dual Quality of Norms and Governance Beyond the State: Sociological and Normative Approaches to ‘Interaction’, Critical Review of International Social & Political Philosophy 10(1): 47–69.
Williams, JHP (2005) Great Britain and the European Constitution: A Strategic Analysis, International Interactions 31(1): 55–85.
Wincott, D (1996) Federalism and the European Union: The Scope and Limits of the Treaty of Maastricht, International Political Science Review/ Revue internationale de science politique 17(4): 403–415.
Wind, M (2003) The European Union As a Polycentric Polity: Returning to a Neo-Medieval Europe? In European Constitutionalism Beyond the State. Edited by JHH Weiler and M Wind. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wivel, A and Mouritzen, H (2005) Constellation Theory. In The Geopolitics of Euro-Atlantic Integration. London: Routledge.
Wolfers, A (1962) Discord and Collaboration: Essays on International Politics. Baltimore: The John Hopkins Press.
Wong, R (2011) The Europeanization of Foreign Policy. In International Relations and the European Union. Edited by Christopher Hill and Michael Smith. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Zera, R (2005). Business Wit & Wisdom. Washington D.C.: Beard Books.
Zielonka, J (2001) How New Enlarged Borders Will Reshape the European Union, Journal of Common Market Studies 39(3): 507–536.
Zielonka, J (2006) Europe As Empire. The Nature of the Enlarged European Union. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Zielonka, J (2007) Plurilateral Governance in the Enlarged European Union, Journal of Common Market Studies 45(1): 187–209.

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Book summary page views

Total views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between #date#. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed