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Politics, Identity, and Mexico’s Indigenous Rights Movements
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    Politics, Identity, and Mexico’s Indigenous Rights Movements
    • Online ISBN: 9780511976544
    • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511976544
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Book description

Drawing on an original survey of more than 5,000 respondents, this book argues that, contrary to claims by the 1994 Zapatista insurgency, indigenous and non-indigenous respondents in southern Mexico have been united by socioeconomic conditions and land tenure institutions as well as by ethnic identity. It concludes that - contrary to many analyses of Chiapas's 1994 indigenous rebellion - external influences can trump ideology in framing social movements. Rural Chiapas's prevalent communitarian attitudes resulted partly from external land tenure institutions, rather than from indigenous identities alone. The book further points to recent indigenous rights movements in neighboring Oaxaca, Mexico, as examples of bottom-up multicultural institutions that might be emulated in Mexico and elsewhere in Latin America.

Reviews

‘In this fascinating and provocative book based on a survey of some 5,000 indigenous participants, Eisenstadt finds that - contrary to the claims of social movement activists and many social scientists - indigenous citizens in Oaxaca and Chiapas exhibit a complex mix of communitarian and pluralist attitudes. Its use of both quantitative and qualitative methods makes it a ‘must-read’ for students of Indian politics and social movements in Mexico and across the Americas.’

Shannan L. Mattiace - Allegheny College

‘Through surveys and comparative case studies, Eisenstadt sheds new light on the complex, micro-level processes by which individuals and indigenous communities construct political identities. He demonstrates that individualist as well as communitarian approaches to citizenship rights are found among indigenous groups in southern Mexico, and he helps to explain how different patterns of political and economic development shape alternative identities based on class and ethnicity. This book is a major contribution to the study of indigenous politics and social movements in contemporary Latin America.’

Kenneth M. Roberts - Cornell University

‘Based on a pioneer survey and on insightful fieldwork, Eisenstadt’s fascinating book brings to life the complex and strategic nature of indigenous identities in Mexico. His finding that communitarian attitudes depend on the nature of agrarian institutions and on histories of rural protest, rather than on ethnicity, forces us to rethink our most fundamental assumptions about indigenity in Latin America.’

Guillermo Trejo - Duke University

'… it presents not only a detailed comparative analysis of the origins and developments of these two movements, but also a comparison between the political, social and economic conditions that influenced the way in which claims for indigenous rights were presented by each movement.'

Source: Latin American Studies

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Sosa Yadira, 2010. “Eufrosina con Michelle Obama,” El Imparcial (April 13), A-1, accessed online April 27, 2010 at http://www.imparcialenlinea.com/?mod= leer&id=118026&sec=primera&titulo=Eufrosina_con_Michelle_Obama.
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Interviews
Aguilár Hugo, lawyer for Servicios al Pueblo Míxe legal advocacy group, Oaxaca City, Oaxaca, May 12, 2005.
Alcántara Guzmán Armando, Oaxaca delegate of the Commission of Indigenous Rights (CDI), Oaxaca City, Oaxaca, July 17, 2004.
Álvarez Luís H, federal government Commissioner for the Dialogue and Negotiation in Chiapas, Mexico City, May 23, 2005.
Ángeles Carreño Graciela, former secretary of Santa Catarina Minas and poll worker during 2001 post-electoral conflict, Santa Catarina Minas, Oaxaca, June 22, 2009.
Aquino Maldonado Joel, leader of Zapoteco indigenous rights movement, Villa Hidalgo Yalálag, Oaxaca, July 24, 2004.
Aquino Primo, Commissioner of Common Lands (bienes comunales) Santa Ana del Valle, Santa Ana del Valle, Oaxaca on June 26, 2009.
Arellanes Aquino, former mayor of Santa Catarina Minas, Santa Catarina Minas, Oaxaca, June 23, 2009.
Arias Ivan, a designer of Bolivia's 1994 law of Popular Participation, La Paz, Bolivia, December 6, 2005.
Arnaud Viñas Enrique, former finance director for Oaxaca Governor Diodoro Carrasco, Oaxaca City, Oaxaca, June 29, 2009.
Bautista Emilio, medical doctor and political activist, Villa Hidalgo Yalálag, Oaxaca, July 24, 2004.
Bollaños Berra Gumesindo, regent of finances at San Miguel Tlacotepec, San Miguel Tlacotepec, Oaxaca, June 24, 2009.
Burguete Cal y Mayor Araceli, senior researcher at Centro de Investigaciones y Estudios Superiores en Antropología Social (CIESAS), San Cristóbal de las Casas, Chiapas, June 13, 2007, and June 6, 2008.
Carlos Burguete, advisor to the secretary for Indigenous Affairs of the State of Chiapas, San Cristóbal de las Casas, Chiapas, July 29, 2004.
Chambor Yuk Carmelo, former commissioner for common lands, Lacandon Comunal Zone, Lacanja hamlet in Ocosingo, Chiapas, September 26, 2005.
Cortés López Elías, Oaxaca PRI sub-secretary of elections, Oaxaca City, Oaxaca, November 26, 1998.
Cruz Eufrosina, former mayoral candidate in Santa María Quegolani, August 6, 2008, Oaxaca City, Oaxaca.
Cruz Iriarte Rodrigo, staff representative of the Oaxaca State Human Rights Commission, Oaxaca City, Oaxaca, August 6, 2008.
Cruz López Oscar, PRD state legislator, Oaxaca City, Oaxaca, July 20, 2004.
Gordillo Díaz, Cecilia Martha, Chiapas Special Representative for Agrarian Reform, Lacanja hamlet in Ocosingo, Chiapas, September 26, 2005.
Díaz Solís Pedro, Lacandon communal zone, Lacanja hamlet in Ocosingo, Chiapas, September 26, 2005.
Embruz Arnolfo, director of research for the National Indigenous Rights Commission (CDI), Mexico City, July 15, 2004.
Esperón Angón Cesar Eric, municipal president of San Miguel Tlacotepec, San Miguel Tlacotepec, Oaxaca, June 24, 2009.
Fernández Tania, leader of “Cinco Señores” barricade during 2007 Oaxaca APPO movement and UABJO graduate student in sociology, Oaxaca City, Oaxaca, June 29, 2009.
Flores Cruz Cipriano, advisor to the PRI and ex-director of the Oaxaca State Electoral Institute, Oaxaca City, Oaxaca, July 22, 2004 and May 17, 2005.
Frias López Ricardo, biologist of the CONANP (National Commission for Protected Natural Areas), Tuxtla Guttierrez, Chiapas, June 12, 2006.
Gijón Cernas Mauricio, Oaxaca delegate of National Agrarian Registry, Oaxaca City, Oaxaca, July 23, 2004.
Gómez Hernández Caralampios, director of Emiliano Zapata Proletariat Organization (OPEZ), Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas, July 28, 2004.
González Esponda Juan, commissioner, Chiapas Governor's Commission for Reconciliation of the Communities in Conflict (Comisionado para la Reconciliación de Comunidades en Conflicto), Poder Ejecutivo del Estado de Chiapas, San Cristóbal de las Casas, November 7, 2002 and June 18, 2007.
González Gerardo, rural doctor and external affairs liason, El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas, June 6, 2007.
González Hernández Juan, former traditional judge, San Juan Chamula, Chiapas, July 30, 2004.
Guzmán Alcántara Armando, Oaxaca delegate of the National Indigenous Rights Commission (CDI), Oaxaca City, Oaxaca, July 17, 2004.
Hernández Fernández Sylvia, teacher in Section 22 and leader of Popular Revolutionary Front (Frente Popular Revolucionario – an APPO component group), Oaxaca City, Oaxaca, June 28, 2009.
Hernández Samael, advisor to the Oaxaca state government's State Institute of Public Education (IEPO), Oaxaca City, Oaxaca, June 30, 2009.
Hidalgo Vasqúez Manuel, communal property holder in The House of the People, Venustiniano Carranza, Chiapas, July 29, 2004.
Jiménez Gaeta Gustavo, managing partner of fishery/restaurant “Rio Colornises,” Ixtlán de Juárez, Oaxaca, May 14, 2005.
Jiménez Moreno Antonio, land reform negotiator on behalf of citizens of Valle Santo Domingo, Ocosingo, Chiapas, June 16, 2007.
Jiménez Pacheco Juan José, director of usos y costumbres section of Oaxaca Electoral Institute, Oaxaca City, Oaxaca, November 24, 1998.
Jiménez Pérez José, Municipal Secretary of Zinacantán, Zinacantán, Chiapas, July 30, 2004.
Ledesma Fermin, department for agrarian affairs official, Office of the Chiapas Special Representative for Agrarian Reform, Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas, September 27, 2005 and June 13, 2007.
Leyva Marcos, member of APPO executive council and co-director of EDUCA (Servicios para una Educación Alternativa, A.C.), Oaxaca City, Oaxaca, July 30, 2008.
López Garcia Francisco, Santa Ana del Valle Regent of Goods and Services, Santa Ana del Valle, Oaxaca, June 26, 2009.
López Leovijildo, Secretary for Doctrine and Policy, Oaxaca state chapter of the National Action Party (PAN), Oaxaca City, Oaxaca, May 12, 2005.
López López Eric, advisor to the Secretary of Government, Oaxaca State Government, Oaxaca City, Oaxaca, November 24, 1998.
López Valencia Alan, resident of San Juan Guelavia, San Juan Guelavia, Oaxaca, June 24, 2009.
Luna Luján C. Jorge Arturo, subsecretary of Secretariat of Government of the State of Chiapas and former subsecretary, Secretariat of Agrarian Development, Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas, July 29, 2005, July 27, 2004 and November 7, 2002.
Marquez Mendoza Arturo, Chiapas Special Representative of the Attorney General for Agrarian Affairs, Lacanja hamlet in Ocosingo municipality, Chiapas, September 26, 2005.
Martínez Coria Ramón, director of FORO para el Desarollo Sustentable and former advisor to Chiapas Secretary of Social Development, San Cristóbal de las Casas, Chiapas, June 25 and 26, 2008.
Martínez Luna Jaime, anthropologist, Gelatao, Oaxaca, May 14, 2005.
Martínez Pérez José, president of communal property, The House of the People, Venustiniano Carranza, Chiapas, July 29, 2004.
Méndez Sara, human rights activist at Centro Derechos Humanos Tierra del Sol in Tlaxiaco, Oaxaca City, Oaxaca, May 15, 2005.
Molina Maldonado Norma, businesswoman and Juxtlahuapa regent for health and sister of Tlacotepec mayoral candidate, Juxtlahuapa, Oaxaca, June 24, 2009.
Molina Maldonado Orlando, regent for health of San Miguel Tlacotepec and 2007 mayoral candidate, Juxtlahuapa, Oaxaca, June 24, 2009.
Moreno Alcántara Carlos, PAN representative to the Oaxaca Electoral Institute, Oaxaca City, Oaxaca, November 24, 1998.
Pérez Gómez Marcos, former commissioner of communal property in Chalchihuitán, San Cristóbal de las Casas, Chiapas, August 1, 2004.
Pérez Hernandez Mariano de Jesús, Zinacantán resident and member of the Committee of the San Lorenzo Fair, Zinacantán, Chiapas, July 30, 2004.
Pérez Ruiz Armando, teacher and former commissioner of communal property in Chenalho, Chenalho, Chiapas, August 2, 2004.
Reyes Aguilar Pablo, Director of Public Works, Municipality of Zinacantán, Zinacantán, Chiapas, June 14, 2007.
Ruíz Margarito, Chiapas delegate of the National Indigenous Rights Commission (CDI), Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas, July 28, 2004.
Sánchez López Samuel, land reform negotiator on behalf of citizens in Valle Santo Domingo, Ocosingo, Chiapas, June 16, 2007.
Sánchez Pérez Pablo, vice mayor (sindico), Aldama, Aldama, Chiapas, August 2, 2004.
Solís Rios Samuel, department head for agrarian affairs, Office of the Chiapas Special Representative for Agrarian Reform, Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas, September 27, 2005.
Vargas Mestes José María, regent for finances in Villa Hidalgo Yalálag, Villa Hidalgo Yalálag, Oaxaca, July 24, 2004.
Zenon Flores Anastasia, tortilla factory owner and women's rights advocate, Asunción Tlacolulita, Oaxaca, July 21, 2004.
Zenteno Jeronimo, Subsecretary for Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Attorney General for Indigenous Affairs, Oaxaca City, Oaxaca, May 15, 2005.

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