Skip to main content Accessibility help
The Politics of Borders
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 6
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Buy the print book

Book description

Borders sit at the center of global politics. Yet they are too often understood as thin lines, as they appear on maps, rather than as political institutions in their own right. This book takes a detailed look at the evolution of border security in the United States after 9/11. Far from the walls and fences that dominate the news, it reveals borders to be thick, multi-faceted and binational institutions that have evolved greatly in recent decades. The book contributes to debates within political science on sovereignty, citizenship, cosmopolitanism, human rights and global justice. In particular, the new politics of borders reveal a sovereignty that is not waning, but changing, expanding beyond the state carapace and engaging certain logics of empire.


‘Beautifully written, Matthew Longo's book opens our eyes to the transformation of state borders in an era of new security technologies and big data. Longo's approach is rather unique in its combination of anthropological fieldwork and normative argument. His target audience is not any academic discipline, it is citizens who want to understand the new threats to their freedom, and do something about it too.'

Rainer Bauböck - European University Institute, Florence

‘Longo crosses disciplinary boundaries in order to make visible the complex realities of contemporary borders. This richly detailed and conceptually imaginative work provides a valuable critical perspective on a topic of growing importance in the modern world.'

Joseph H. Carens - University of Toronto

‘Political theorists have expended much energy debating whether and how far states have the right to control movement across their borders, but have said little about what borders and border control might mean for the relationship between the state and its citizens. Matthew Longo offers a deep and powerful - and at times, disturbing - examination of this question in his important and timely study.'

Chandran Kukathas - The London School of Economics and Political Science

'Longo, an assistant political science professor at Leiden University, delivers a comprehensive study of the politics surrounding borders and border patrols, focusing on the technological advancement of and conceptual changes to security measures since 9/11. … Longo’s tone is urgent throughout, as when he writes, 'This is not simply a question of citizenship and sovereignty, but at core, the future of human rights protection in a data-centric world'. Longo outlines possible solutions as well as current problems, stressing the growing necessity of 'cross-border cooperation' between the US and Canada as well as between the US and Mexico, and proposing that neighbouring countries create 'collaborative zones' to accommodate migrants and refugees seeking safety. Longo’s debut, complex and impressive in its scope, signals the emergence of an important political theorist.'

Source: Publishers Weekly

Refine List

Actions for selected content:

Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.


“2012–2016 Border Patrol National Strategy” US Border Patrol Press Release, 2012.
“244 Million International Migrants Living Abroad Worldwide, New Un Statistics Reveal.” United Nations Sustainable Development, 2016.
Abizadeh, Arash. “Democratic Theory and Border Coercion: No Right to Unilaterally Control Your Own Borders.” Political Theory 36 (1):3765, at 2008.
Agamben, Giorgio. Homo Sacer: Sovereign Power and Bare Life. Translated by D. Heller-Roazen. Edited by Hamacher, W. and Wellbery, D. E.. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, 1995.
Agamben, Giorgio. State of Exception. Translated by K. Attell. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005.
Amoore, Louise. “Governing by Identity.” In Playing the Identity Card: Surveillance, Security and Identification in Global Perspective. London: Routledge, 2004.
Amoore, Louise, and Goede, Marieke de. “Governance, Risk and Dataveillance in the War on Terror.” Crime, Law & Social Change 43 (2):14973, 2005.
Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. New York: Verso, 2006.
Anderson, Malcolm. Frontiers: Territory and State Formation in the Modern World. Cambridge: Polity Press, 1996.
Andreas, Peter. “The Mexicanization of the US-Canada Border: Assymetrical Interdependence in a Changing Security Context.” International Journal 60 (2):449462, 2008.
Ansell, Christopher K.Territoriality, Authority and Democracy.” In Restructuring Territoriality: Europe and the United States Compared, edited by Ansell, C. K. and Palma, G. D.. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2004.
Anzaldúa, Gloria. Borderlands: The New Mestiza. San Francisco: Aunt Lute Books, 2007.
Arendt, Hannah. The Origins of Totalitarianism. New York: Harcourt, 1976.
Arendt, Hannah. The Human Condition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998.
Aristotle, . The Politics and the Constitution of Athens. edited by Everson, S.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Asad, Talal. On Suicide Bombing. New York: Columbia University Press, 2007.
Baczynska, Gabriela. “EU Executive to Present Steps to Tighten External Border Controls.” Reuters, April 6, 2016,
Barkakati, Nabajyoti. “Border Security: Better Usage of Electronic Passport Security Features Could Improve Fraud Detection.” United States Government Accountability Office, Report to Congressional Requestors, GAO-10-96, 2010.
Baubock, Rainer. “Global Justice, Freedom of Movement and Democratic Citizenship.” Archives of European Sociology 1:131, 2009.
Bauman, Zygmunt. Globalization: The Human Consequences. New York: Columbia University Press, 1998.
Beitz, Charles R. The Idea of Human Rights. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.
Bekdil, Burak Ege.Turkey to Shop for Border Security Equipment.” Defense News, September 5, 2015.
Benhabib, Seyla. The Claims of Culture: Equality and Diversity in the Global Era. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2002.
Benhabib, Seyla. Dignity in Adversity: Human Rights in Troubled Times. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press, 2011.
Berlin, Isaiah. “Two Concepts of Liberty.” In The Proper Study of Mankind: An Anthology of Essays, edited by Hardy, Henry and Hausheer, Roger. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2000.
“Big Data.” American Civil Liberties News Release, February 27, 2014,
“Big Data: Seizing Opportunities and Preserving Values.” White House Executive Office of the President, News Release, May 1, 2014,
Bigo, Didier. “Globalization of In-Security: The Field of the Professionals of Unease Management and the Ban-opticon.” Traces: A Multilingual Journal of Cultural Theory 4:109–57, 2004.
Bigo, Didier. “Frontier Controls in the European Union: Who is in Control?” In Controlling Frontiers: Free Movement Into and Within Europe, edited by Bigo, D. and Guild, E.. Chippenham, Wiltshire: Ashgate Publishing Company, 2005.
Boswell, Christina. “Migration Control in Europe after 9/11: Explaining the Absence of Securitization.” Journal of Common Market Studies 45 (3):589610, 2007.
Bourdieu, Pierre. Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste. Translated by R. Nice. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1984.
Bourdieu, Pierre. Outline of a Theory of Practice. Translated by R. Nice. Edited by Gellner, E., Goody, J., Gudeman, S., Herzfeld, M. and Parry, J., Cambridge Studies in Social and Cultural Anthropology. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
Bronskill, Jim. “Canada, U.S. To Share Border Security Data.” The Canadian Press, March 10, 2016.
Brown, Pamela, and Mallonee, Mary Kay. “First on Cnn: Top U.S. Intel Official: Europe Not Taking Advantage of Terror Tracking Tools.”, April 7, 2016.
Brown, Wendy. Walled States, Waning Sovereignty. Cambrige, MA: Zone Books, 2010.
Browne, Simone. “Digital Epidermalization: Race, Identity and Biometrics.” Critical Sociology 36 (1):13150, 2010.
Brunkhorst, Hauke. “Globalizing Democracy without a State: Weak Public, Strong Public, Global Constitutionalism.” Millenium: Journal of International Studies 31 (3):67590, 2002.
Buchanan, Allen. “The Making and Unmaking of Boundaries: What Liberalism Has to Say.” In States, Nations, and Borders: The Ethics of Making Boundaries, edited by Buchanan, A. and Moore, M.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
Buchanan, Allen, and Moore, Margaret. “Introduction: The Making and Unmaking of Boundaries.” In States, Nations, and Borders: The Ethics of Making Boundaries, edited by Buchanan, A. and Moore, M.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
Burbank, Jane, and Cooper, Frederick. Empires in World History: Power and the Politics of Difference. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2010.
Butler, Judith. Frames of War: When Is Life Grievable? London: Verso Books, 2010.
Callahan, Mary Ellen, and Wark, Wesley. “Privacy and Information Sharing: The Search for an Intelligent Border.” In One Issue Two Voices: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, 2010.
Carens, Joseph H.Aliens and Citizens: The Case for Open Borders.” Review of Politics 49 (2):25173, 1987.
Carens, Joseph H. Immigrants and the Right to Stay. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2010.
Castells, Manuel. The Rise of the Network Society. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2000.
Cavallero, Eric. “Global Federative Democracy.” Metaphilosophy 40 (1):4364, 2009.
Ceyhan, Ayse. “Technologization of Security: Management of Uncertainty and Risk in the Age of Biometrics.” Surveillance & Society 5 (2):10223, 2008.
Chadwick, Vincent. “Policymakers: Share Intel but Don’t Betray Liberty.”, April 7, 2016.
“Civil Rights and Big Data: Background Material.” Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights & The Leadership Conference Education Fund, News Release, 2014,
Cochrane, ClearVu: The Invisible Wall. Cochrane USA, Product Guide, 2012.
Cochrane, ClearVu Cochrane USA: Perimeter Security Barrier Specialist. Cochrane USA, Product Guide, 2012.
Cohen, Jean L.Sovereign Equality vs. Imperial Right: The Battle over the “New World Order.” Constellations 13 (4):485505, 2006.
Cohen, Jean L. Globalization and Sovereignty: Rethinking Legality, Legitimacy, and Constitutionalism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.
Connolly, William. Identity/Difference: Democratic Negotiations of Political Paradox. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2012.
Costa, Antonio Mario. The Globalization of Crime: A Transnational Organized Crime Threat Assessment. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), 2010.
De Vries, Lloyd. “Airport Security Fails Test.” CBS News, February 11, 2009.
Declaration by President Obama and Prime Minister Harper of Canada – Beyond the Border. 2011. The White House, Office of the Press Secretary.
Derrida, Jacques. “Hostipitality.” Angelaki 5 (3):318, 2000.
Derrida, Jacques. On Cosmopolitanism and Forgiveness. Translated by M. Dooley and M. Hughes. Edited by Critchley, S. and Kearney, R., Thinking in Action. New York: Routledge, 2001.
Di Palma, Giuseppe. “Postscript: What Inefficient History and Malleable Practices Say about Nation-States and Supranational Democracy When Territoriality is No Longer Exclusive.” In Restructuring Territoriality: Europe and the United States Compared, edited by Ansell, C. K. and Palma, G. D.. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2004.
Donahoe, Eileen. “So Software Has Eaten the World: What Does It Mean for Human Rights, Security & Governance?Human Rights Watch, March 22, 2016.
Donahoe, Eileen. “Digital Disruption of Human Rights.” Human Rights Watch, March 25, 2016.
Doyle, Michael. Empires. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1986.
DRS Technologies Advertisement. Homeland Security Today, March, 5, 2012.
Eubanks, Virginia. “Editorial: Europe’s Urgent Security Challenge.” The New York Times, April 11, 2016.
Elden, Stuart. The Birth of Territory. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013.
Eubanks, Virginia. “Want to Predict the Future of Surveillance? Ask Poor Communities.” The American Prospect, January 15, 2014.
Eubanks, Virginia. “European Union Border Security,” Government Gazette, March 2013.
Fabre, Cecile. Justice in a Changing World. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press, 2007.
“Fact Sheet: Big Data and Privacy Working Group Review.” White House Office of the Press Secretary. News Release, May 1, 2014,
Febvre, Lucien. A Geographical Introduction to History. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1974.
Finnegan, Philip. “Analyst’s Notebook: FLIR + ICx = New Opportunities.” Homeland Security Today June 8, 2012.
Finnegan, Philip, and Barnes, Peter. “Homeland Security Today’s Top 25 of 2011.” Homeland Security Today, April 24–29, 2012.
Foucault, Michel. Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews & Other Writings 1972–1977. Translated by C. Gordon, L. Marshall, J. Mepham and K. Soper. Edited by Gordon, C.. New York: Pantheon Books, 1980.
Foucault, Michel. “The Subject and Power.” In Power, edited by Faubion, James D., 326–48. New York: The New Press, 2000.
Foucault, Michel. Security, Territory, Population: Lectures at the College de France, 1977–1978. Translated by G. Burchell. Edited by Senellart, M.. New York: Picador, 2007.
Foster, Peter. “European Cross-Border Security Years Away, Experts Warn.” The Telegraph, March 23, 2016.
Fraser, Nancy. Scales of Justice: Reimagining Political Space in a Globalizing World. New York: Columbia University Press, 2009.
Fraser, Nancy, and Honneth, Axel. Redistribution or Recognition? A Political-Philosophical Exchange. New York: Verso, 2003.
Freeden, Michael. Rights. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1991.
Freud, Sigmund. Civilization and Its Discontents. Translated by J. Strachey. Edited by Gay, P.. New York: Norton & Co, 1961.
Fuller, Gillian. “Welcome to Windows 2.1: Motion Aesthetics at the Airport.” In Politics at the Airport, edited by Salter, M. B.. Minneapolis: University of Minneapolis Press, 2008.
Ganapathy, Nirmala. “US, India Move Towards Sharing Logistics.” Strait Times, April 13, 2016.
Gergen, Kenneth J. The Saturated Self: Dilemmas of Identity in Contemporary Life, New York: Basic Books, 2000.
Gidda, Mirren. “As Routes to Europe Close, Refugees Are Starting to Consider One of the Oldest and Deadliest Crossings.” Newsweek, April 12, 2016.
Giddens, Anthony. The Nation-State and Violence: Volume Two of A Contemporary Critique of Historical Materialism. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1987.
Goddard, Terry. “How to Fix a Broken Border: A Three Part Series.” In Perspectives: Immigration Policy Center, 2012.
Goodin, Robert E.Enfranchising All Affected Interests, and Its Alternatives.” Philosophy & Public Affairs 25 (1), 2007.
Goodwin, Jacob. “Editorial: Security and Money.” Government Security News, February, 2012.
Goodwin, Jacob. “With SBInet behind it, CBP develops a new procurement strategy.” Government Security News, February 26, 2012.
Grauman, Brigid. “Cyber-Security: The Vexed Question of Global Rules.” Security & Defence Agenda. Available at:, 2012.
Grene, David. “Introduction” to Herodotus: The History, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987, at 14.
Habermas, Jurgen.Three Normative Models of Democracy.” In Democracy and Difference: Contesting the Boundaries of the Political, edited by Benhabib, Seyla, 2130. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996.
Habermas, Jurgen. The Inclusion of the Other: Studies in Political Theory. Edited by Cronin, C. and Greif, P. D.. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1998.
Hardin, Peter. “Eyes in the Skies.” Richmond Times-Dispatch, October 30, 2003.
Hawley, Kip.Why Airport Security Is Broken – And How To Fix It.” The Wall Street Journal, April 15, 2012.
Heidegger, Martin. “Building Dwelling Thinking.” In Basic Writings: From Being and Time (1927) to The Task of Thinking (1964), edited by Krell, D. F.. London: Routledge, 1993.
Held, David. Democracy and the Global Order. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 1995.
Held, David. Models of Democracy. Cambridge, UK: Polity, 2006.
Honig, Bonnie. Democracy and the Foreigner. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001.
Hovsepian, Marcel. “Frontlines: Border Security Strategy Remains Myopic.” Homeland Security Today, January 2, 2011.
Hurrell, Andrew. “International Law and the Making and Unmaking of Boundaries.” In States, Nations, and Borders: The Ethics of Making Boundaries, edited by Buchanan, A. and Moore, M.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
Hurrell, Andrew. On Global Order: Power, Values, and the Constitution of International Society. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.
Huysmans, Jef. “The European Union and the Securitization of Migration.” Journal of Common Market Studies 38 (5):75177, 2000.
Ignatius, David. “Brussels Shows Europe’s Shockingly Dysfunctional Approach to Security.” The Washington Post, March 22, 2016.
Iris Recognition at a Distance and on the Move. SRI International Sarnoff, Iris on the Move Product Guide, 2012.
Jain, Anil K. “Biometric Recognition.” Lecture at Michigan State University. Available at: (Last Accessed: September 11, 2011), 2011.
Johnson, Jeh. “Statement by Secretary Jeh C. Johnson on Southwest Border Security.” news release, March 9, 2016,
Keene, Edward. International Political Thought: A Historical Introduction Cambridge, UK: Polity Press, 2005.
Khalidi, Rashid. Palestinian Identity: The Construction of Modern National Consciousness. New York: Columbia University Press, 1997.
Kimery, Anthony. “A Day in the Life of Nogales.” Homeland Security Today, September 1, 2010.
Kimery, Anthony. “Northern Border Intel-Sharing Deficient, Fed Audit, Officials Say”. Homeland Security Today, March 8, 2011.
Kimery, Anthony. “House Passes SMART Port Security Act.” Homeland Security Today, June 28, 2012.
Kimery, Anthony. “First In-Depth Inside Look at Border Patrol’s New National Strategy, Issues and Implementation.” Homeland Security Today, May 7, 2012.
Kostiuk, Christine. “Bill C-60: Keeping Canadians Safe (Protecting Borders) Act.” Parliamentary Information and Research Service Legislative Summary LS-670E, 2010.
Krasner, Stephen D. Sovereignty: Organized Hypocrisy. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1999.
Krasner, Stephen D.. “Problematic Sovereignty.” In Problematic Sovereignty: Contested Rules and Political Possibilities, edited by Krasner, S. D.. New York: Columbia University Press, 2001.
Kuper, Andrew. Democracy Beyond Borders: Justice and Representation in Global Institutions. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004.
Kymlicka, Will. Multicultural Citizenship: A Liberal Theory of Minority Rights. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 1995.
Kymlicka, Will.. “Territorial Boundaries: A Liberal-Egalitarian Perspective.” In Boundaries and Justice. Diverse Ethical Perspectives, edited by Miller, D. and Hashmi, S. H.. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001.
Kymlicka, Will.. National Responsibility and Global Justice. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.
Kymlicka, Will. Contemporary Political Philosophy: An Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.
Laborde, Cecile. Critical Republicanism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.
Lacey, Marc. “Arizona Officials, Fed Up With U.S. Efforts, Seek Donations to Build Border Fence.” The New York Times, July 20, 2011, A16.
Lattimore, Owen. Inner Asian Frontiers of China. Boston: Beacon Press, 1951.
Leggiere, Philip. “Beyond the One-Way Alert.” Homeland Security Today, March, 10–11, 2012.
Leonard, Sarah. “The Creation of FRONTEX and the Politics of Institutionalisation in the EU External Borders Policy.” Journal of Contemporary European Research 5 (3):37188, 2009.
Ling, Justin. “Canada Is Going to Start Handing over Even More Data About Travelers to the US.” Vice News, March 14, 2016.
Locke, John. Two Treatises of Government. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014.
Luttwak, Edward. The Grand Strategy of the Roman Empire: From the First Century A.D. To the Third. London: Weidenfeld & Nicholson, 1976.
Lyon, David. “Surveillance, Security and Social Sorting: Emerging Research Priorities.” International Criminal Justice Review 17 (3):16170, 2007.
Lyon, David. Identifying Citizens: ID Cards as Surveillance. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press, 2009.
Machiavelli, Niccolo. The Prince. edited by Mansfield, H. C.. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996.
Machiavelli, Niccolo. Discourses on Livy. Translated by Ninian Hill. Mineola, NY: Dover Publications, [1531], 2007.
Maier, Charles S. Among Empires: American Ascendancy and its Predecessors. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2006.
Manent, Pierre. A World Beyond Politics a Defense of the Nation-State. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006.
Marx, Karl. The Marx-Engels Reader. edited by Tucker, Robert C.. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1978.
Marx, Karl. Capital, Volume 1. Translated by Ben Fowkes. London: Penguin Classics, 1990.
McCarter, Mickey. “287(G) Vital To Immigration Reform: Ex-chief of ICE calls for More Flexibility to Enforce Law.” Homeland Security Today, November 12, 2009.
McCarter, Mickey. “CBP Chief Lists 7 Principles For Agency’s Success: Bersin Says Facilitating Trade as Important as Preventing Terror.” Homeland Security Today, October 15, 2010.
McCarter, Mickey. “DHS Programs Under Review Get No Funding: Cargo Screening? SBInet? General Aviation? Under Review.” Homeland Security Today, February 25, 2010.
McCarter, Mickey. “Napolitano Outlines DHS Priorities for 2010: At Top: Aviation, Borders, Information Sharing, Immigration Reform.” Homeland Security Today, January 27, 2010.
McCarter, Mickey. “Reconsider US-VISIT Exit Tests: GAO Finds US-VISIT Exit Trials Unsatisfactory.” Homeland Security Today August 11, 2010.
McCarter, Mickey. “Disagreements Over Virtual Fence Decision.” Homeland Security Today, 2011.
McCarter, Mickey. “TSA Launches Air Cargo Security Initiatives.” Homeland Security Today, 2011.
McCarter, Mickey. “Aviation, Port Security Bills Enjoy Bipartisan Support from House Lawmakers.” Homeland Security Today, July 2, 2012.
McCarter, Mickey. “Governor of Puerto Rico Calls for US Caribbean Border Initiative To Combat Drug Cartels.” Homeland Security Today, June 22, 2012.
McCarter, Mickey. “Bersin Steps Down as CBP Chief, Returns to DHS International Affairs.” Homeland Security Today January 3, 2012.
Mill, John Stuart. On Liberty. Edited by Bromwich, David and Kateb., George New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2003.
Miller, David. Citizenship and National Identity. Cambridge: Polity Press, 2000.
Miller, David. “Political Philosophy for Earthlings.” In Political Theory: Methods and Approaches, edited by Leopold, David and Stears, Marc, 2948. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.
Miller, David. “Debatable Lands.” International Theory 6, no. 1 (March): 104–21, 2014.
Mortera-Martinez, Camino “Big Data, Big Brother? How to Secure Europeans’ Safety and Privacy.” news release, December, 2015,
Mosk, Matthew, Hill, Angela, and Fleming, Timothy. Gaping Holes in Airline Security: Loaded Gun Slips Past TSA Screeners. ABC News, December 16, 2010.
Muir, Richard. Modern Political Geography. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 1975.
Muller, Benjamin J.Travelers, Borders, Dangers: Locating the Political at the Biometric Border.” In Politics at the Airport, edited by Salter, M. B.. Minneapolis: University of Minneapolis Press, 2008.
Muller, Benjamin J.National Strategy for Aviation Security.” National Security Presidential Directive (NSPD) 47, 2007.
Muller, Benjamin J.The National Strategy for Global Supply Chain Security.” The Office of the White House, 2012.
Neal, Andrew W.Securitization and Risk at the EU Border: The Origins of FRONTEX.” Journal of Common Market Studies 47 (2):33356, 2009.
Nicolaïdis, Kalypso. “Europe’s Ends.” In The Meanings of Europe: Changes and Exchanges of a Contested Concept edited by Wiesner, Claudia and Schmidt-Gleim, Mieke, 236–57. London: Routledge, 2014.
Nietzsche, Friedrich. On the Genealogy of Morals and Ecce Homo. Edited by Walter Kaufman New York: Vintage Books, 1989.
Nietzsche, Friedrich. Untimely Meditations. Edited by Breazeale., Daniel Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.
Nikala, Oscar. “Tunisia to Install Surveillance Gear on New Libyan Border Wall.” DefenseNews, February 19, 2016.
Nikala, Oscar. “Northern Border Strategy.” Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Press Release, 2012.
Nikala, Oscar. “Note on Big Data, Crime and Security: Civil Liberties, Data Protection and Privacy Concerns.” Statewatch, April 3, 2014.
Nowrasteh, Alex, and Eddington, Patrick G.. “How Effective Is Border Security?Cato Institute Online, March 4, 2016.
Ohmae, Kenichi. The End of the Nation State: The Rise of Regional Economies. New York: Free Press Paperbacks, 1995.
O’Neill, Onora. “The Dark Side of Human Rights.” International Affairs 81, no. 2 (2005): 427–39.
Owen, David. “Editor’s Note.” In On Global Citizenship: James Tully in Dialogue. London, UK: Bloomsbury Academic, 2014.
Patrick, J. Michael. “The Economic Cost of Border Security: The Case of the Texas-Mexico Border and the US Visit Program.” In Borderlands: Comparing Border Security in North America and Europe, edited by Brunet-Jailly, E.. Ottawa: University of Ottawa Press, 2007.
Payan, Tony, and Vasquez, Amanda. “The Cost of Homeland Security.” In Borderlands: Comparing Border Security in North America and Europe, edited by Brunet-Jailly, E.. Ottawa: University of Ottawa Press, 2007.
Piccone, Paul. “General Introduction.” In The Essential Frankfurt School Reader, edited by Arato, A. and Gebhardt, E.. New York: Continuum Publishing, 2000.
Plato, . Complete Works. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company, 1997.
Pogge, Thomas. “Cosmopolitanism and Sovereignty.” Ethics 103:4875, 1992.
Pogge, Thomas. World Poverty and Human Rights. Second ed. Malden, MA: Polity Press, 2008.
Poggi, Gianfranco. The State: Its Nature, Development and Prospects. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1990.
Pratt, Mary Louise. Imperial Eyes: Travel Writing and Transculturation. New York: Routledge, 2008.
Purcell, Richard. “Privacy Policy and Technology Recommendations for a Federated Information-Sharing System.” Department of Homeland Security Data Privacy and Integrity Advisory Committee, 2012.
Raghuvashani, Vivek. “Indian Defense Minister to Visit China, Discuss Boundary.” DefenseNews, March 16, 2016.
Rawls, John. The Law of Peoples. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999.
Richardson, J. S.Imperium Romanum: Empire and the Language of Power.” The Journal of Roman Studies 81 (1991): 19.
“Risk Analysis for 2016.” Frontex Press Release, March 26, 2016,
Rockwell, Mark. “DHS Looks for ‘Sweet Spot’ to Balance Security and Economic Recovery.” Government Security News, February, 2012.
Rosenblum, Marc R.Border Security: Immigration Enforcement Between Ports of Entry.” In Congressional Research Service Report for Congress 7–5700, 2012.
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques. The Basic Political Writings. Edited by Cress, D. A.. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1987.
Ruggie, John Gerard. “Territoriality and Beyond: Problematizing Modernity in International Relations.” International Organization 47 (1):139–74, 1993.
Rushdie, Salman. Step Across This Line: Collected Non-Fiction 1992–2002. London: Vintage, 2003.
Sahlins, Peter. Boundaries: The Making of France and Spain in the Pyrenees. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989.
Sandel, Michael. Liberalism and the Limits of Justice. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982.
Sassen, Saskia. Territory, Authority, Rights: From Medieval To Global Assemblages. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006.
Sassen, Saskia. “Borders, Walls, and Crumbling Sovereignty.” Political Theory 40 (1):11622, 2012.
Schmitt, Carl. The Concept of the Political Translated by G. Schwab. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996.
Schmitt, Carl. Political Theology: Four Chapters on the Concept of Sovereignty. Translated by G. Schwab. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005.
Schmitt, Carl. The Nomos of the Earth in the International Law of the Jus Publicum Europaeum. Translated by G. L. Ulmen. New York: Telos Press Publishing, 2006.
Scott, James C. Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1998.
Scott, James C. The Art of Not Being Governed. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2009.
Scott, Sandra Faye. “Privacy Impact Assessment for the Global Enrollment System.” US Department of Homeland Security, 2006.
Shachar, Ayelet. The Birthright Lottery: Citizenship and Global Inequality. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2009.
Silverberg, David. “10 Years After 9/11.” Homeland Security Today, September 8, 2011.
Soufan, Ali. “Opinion: Terrorists Cross Borders with Ease. It’s Vital That Intelligence Does Too.” The Guardian, March 24, 2016.
Sparke, Matthew. “A Neoliberal Nexus: Economy, Security and the Biopolitics of Citizenship on the Border.” Political Geography 25 (2):15180, 2006.
Spruyt, Hendrik. The Sovereign State and Its Competitors: An Analysis of Systems Change. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994.
Taylor, Charles. “The Politics of Recognition.” In Multiculturalism: Examining the Politics of Recognition, edited by Gutmann, Amy. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994.
Terrorist Screening Center: Frequently Asked Questions. 2012. Federal Bureau of Investigations, Terrorist Screening Center.
Torpey, John. The Invention of the Passport: Surveillance, Citizenship, and the State. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
Triandafyllidou, Anna. “Governing Migrant Smuggling: A Criminality Approach Is Not Sufficient.”, April 6, 2016.
Tully, James. On Global Citizenship: James Tully in Dialogue. London, UK: Bloomsbury Academic, 2014.
US Department of Homeland Security Ensures Secure and Efficient Borders with Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative (WHTI): Case Study. 2009. Unisys.
Ugur, Mehmet. “Freedom of Movement vs. Exclusion: A Reinterpretation of the ‘Insider’-‘Outsider’ Divide in the European Union.International Migration Review 29 (4):96499, 1995.
van Houtum, Henk, and Strüver, Anke. “Borders, Strangers, Doors and Bridges.” Space and Polity 6 (2):1416, 2002.
Walker, Neil. “Beyond Boundary Disputes and Basic Grids: Mapping the Global Disorder of Normative Orders.” International Journal of Constitutional Law 6:37896, 2008.
Walkom, ThomasTrudeau Quietly Agrees to Share Info on Canadians with U.S.” The Star, March 13, 2016.
Walzer, Michael. “The Moral Standing of States.” Philosophy and Public Affairs 9:20929, 1980.
Walzer, Michael. Spheres of Justice: A Defense of Pluralism and Equality. New York: Basic Books, 1983.
Wells, H. G. The Future in America: A Search After Realities. Lexington, KY: Forgotten Books, 2014.
Wendt, Alexander. “Anarchy Is What States Make of It: The Social Construction of Power Politics.” International Organization 46, no. 2 (Spring 1992): 391425.
Whelan, Frederick G.Democratic Theory and the Boundary Problem.” In Liberal Democracy, edited by Pennock, J. R. and Chapman, J. W.. New York: New York University Press, 1983.
Williams, Bernard. In the Beginning Was the Deed. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2005.
Wolin, Sheldon. “Fugitive Democracy.” In Democracy and Difference: Contesting the Boundaries of the Political, edited by Benhabib, Seyla, 3145. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996.


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Book summary page views

Total views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between #date#. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.