Abbott Freeland. 1962. “Pakistan’s New Marriage Law: A Reflection of Qur’anic Interpretation.” Asian Survey 1(11): 26–32.
Abrams Philip. 1988. “Notes on the Difficulty of Studying the State.” Journal of Historical Sociology 1(1): 58–89.
Adams Julia. 1999. “Culture in Rational-Choice Theories of State Formation,” in Steinmetz George, ed., State/Culture: State-Formation after the Cultural Turn. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Agrama Hussein Ali. 2012. Questioning Secularism: Islam, Sovereignty, and the Rule of Law in Modern Egypt. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Ahmad Aijaz. 1983. “Democracy and Dictatorship,” in Gardezi Hassan and Rashid Jamil, eds., Pakistan: The Roots of Dictatorship. London: Zed Press.
Ahmad Khurshid. 1956. An Analysis of the Munir Report: A Critical Study of the Punjab Disturbances Inquiry Report. Karachi: Jamaat-e-Islami Publications.
Ahmad Mirza Nasir. 1976. Opening Addresses Delivered by Hazrat Khalifatul Masih III at the Annual Conferences Held at Rabwah, 1965–1976. London: Ascot Press.
Ahmad Mirza Nasir. 1979. Freedom of Faith and Conscience in Islam. Rabwah: Nusrat Art Press.
Ahmadiyya Community. 1947. Qadian – A Test Case: Statements, Letters, Etc., Describing State of Affairs at and Around Qadian during Disturbances of 1947. Lahore: Central Ahmadiyya Organisation and Punjab Educational Press.
Ahmed Akbar S. 1997. Jinnah, Pakistan and Islamic Identity: The Search for Saladin. London: Routledge.
Ahmed Asad A. 2009a. “Spectres of Blasphemy: Macaulay, The Indian Penal Code and Pakistan’s Postcolonial Predicament,” in Kaur Raminder and Mazarella William, eds., Censorship in South Asia: Cultural Regulation from Sedition to Seduction. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Ahmed Asad A. 2009b. “Advocating a Secular Pakistan: The Munir Report of 1954,” in Metcalf Barbara D., ed., Islam in South Asia in Practice. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Ahmed Asad A. 2010. “The Paradoxes of Ahmadiyya Identity: The Legal Appropriation of Muslimness and the Construction of Ahmadiyya Difference,” in Khan Naveeda, ed., Beyond Crisis: Re-evaluating Pakistan. New Delhi: Routledge.
Alam Muzzaffar. 2004. The Languages of Political Islam: India 1200–1800. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Alavi Hamza. 1972. “The State in Post-colonial Societies: Pakistan and Bangladesh.” New Left Review 1: 59–81.
Alavi Hamza. 1983. “Class and State,” in Gardezi Hassan and Rashid Jamil, eds., Pakistan: The Roots of Dictatorship. London: Zed Press.
Ali Kamran Asdar. 2010. “Strength of the State Meets the Strength of the Street: The 1972 Labour Struggle in Karachi,”in Khan Naveeda, ed., Beyond Crisis: Re-evaluating Pakistan. London: Routledge.
Ali Kamran Asdar. 2011. “Communists in a Muslim Land: Cultural Debates in Pakistan’s Early Years.” Modern Asian Studies 45(3): 501–34.
Ali Muhammad. 1936. “Sir Muhammad Iqbal’s Statement re The Qadianis.” The Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement in Islam, Lahore.
Al-Rasheed Madawi. 2007. Contesting the Saudi State. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Altheide David L. 2006. “Terrorism and the Politics of Fear.” Cultural Studies Critical Methodologies 6(4): 415–39.
Amenta Edwin, Caren Neal, Chiarello Elizabeth, and Su Yang. 2010. “The Political Consequences of Social Movements.” Annual Review of Sociology 36: 287–307.
Anderson Benedict. 1991. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origins and Spread of Nationalism. London: Verso.
An-Na’im Abdullahi. 1987. “Religious Minorities under Islamic Law and the Limits of Cultural Relativism.” Human Rights Quarterly 9: 1–18.
An-Na’im Abdullahi. 2008. Islam and the Secular State: Negotiating the Future of Shari`a. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Ansari Sarah. 2009. “Polygamy, Purdah and Political Representation: Engendering Citizenship in 1950s Pakistan.” Modern Asian Studies 43(6): 1421–61.
Anwar Khalid. 1998. “Usurping the Prerogatives of the National Assembly: The Federal Shari’ah Court,” in Jan Tarik, ed., Pakistan between Secularism and Islam: Ideology, Issues and Conflict. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies.
Appadurai Arjun. 1993. “Number in the Colonial Imagination,” in Breckenridge Carol A. and van der Veer Peter, eds., Orientalism and the Post-colonial Predicament. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Appleby R. Scott. 2011. “Rethinking Fundamentalism in a Secular Age,” in Calhoun Craig, Juergensmeyer Mark, and VanAntwerpen Jonathan, eds., Rethinking Secularism. New York: Oxford University Press.
Arendt Hannah. 1968. The Origins of Totalitarianism. New York: Harcourt, Brace and World.
Arjomand Said Amir. 1989. The Turban for the Crown: The Islamic Revolution in Iran. New York: Oxford University Press.
Arjomand Said Amir. 2003. “Law, Political Reconstruction and Constitutional Politics.” International Sociology 18(1): 17–32.
Arjomand Said Amir. 2007. “Islamic Constitutionalism.” Annual Review of Law and Social Science 3: 115–40.
Arjomand Said Amir. 2009. After Khomeini: Iran under His Successors. New York: Oxford University Press.
Asad Talal. 1993. Genealogies of Religion: Discipline and Reasons of Power in Christianity and Islam. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Asad Talal. 2003. Formations of the Secular: Christianity, Islam, Modernity. Redwood City, CA: Stanford University Press.
Audi Robert, and Wolterstroff Nicholas. 1997. Religion in the Public Square: The Place of Religious Convictions in Political Debate. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
Ayoob Mohammed. 2007. The Many Faces of Political Islam: Religion and Politics in the Muslim World. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Azfar Kamal. 1991. “Constitutional Dilemmas in Pakistan,” in Burki Shahid Javed and Baxter Craig, eds., Pakistan under the Military: Eleven Years of Zia-ul-Haq. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Babayan Kathryn. 2002. Mystics, Monarchs and Messiahs: Cultural Landscapes of Early Modern Iran. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Bajpai Rochana, 2000. “Constituent Assembly Debates and Minority Rights.” Economic and Political Weekly 35 (21–22): 1837–45.
Balibar Etienne. 2004. We, the People of Europe? Reflections on Transnational Citizenship. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Barkey Karen. 2008. Empire of Difference: The Ottomans in Comparative Perspective. Cambridge University Press.
Baubérot Jean. 2010. “The Evolution of Secularism in France: Between Two Civil Religions,” in Cady Linell Elizabeth and Hurd Elizabeth Shakman, eds., Comparative Secularisms in a Global Age. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Bayat Asef. 2007. Making Islam Democratic: Social Movements and the Post-Islamist Turn. Redwood City, CA: Stanford University Press.
Bayly Christopher A. 1985. “The Pre-history of ‘Communalism’? Religious Conflict in India, 1700–1860.” Modern Asian Studies 19(2): 177–203.
Benford Robert D., and Snow David A.. 2000. “Framing Processes and Social Movements: An Overview and Assessment.” Annual Review of Sociology 26: 611–39.
Benhabib Seyla, ed. 1996. Democracy and Difference: Contesting the Boundaries of the Political. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Berger Peter L. 1967. The Sacred Canopy: Elements of a Sociological Theory of Religion. New York: Anchor Books.
Berger Peter L. 1999. “The Desecularization of the World: A Global Overview,” in Berger Peter L., ed., The Desecularization of the World: Resurgent Religion and World Politics. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans.
Bhabha Homi K. 1990. “Introduction: Narrating the Nation,” in Bhabha Homi K., ed., Nation and Narration. New York: Routledge and Keegan Paul.
Bhargava Rajeev, ed. 1999. Secularism and Its Critics. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Bhargava Rajeev, ed. 2010. The Promise of India’s Secular Democracy. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Bhargava Rajeev, ed. 2013. “Reimagining Secularism: Respect, Domination and Principled Distance.” Economic and Political Weekly 48(50): 79–92.
Binder Leonard. 1961. Religion and Politics in Pakistan. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Bourdieu Pierre. 1985. “Social Space and the Genesis of Groups.” Theory and Society 14(6): 723–44.
Bourdieu Pierre. 1987. “The Force of Law: Toward a Sociology of the Juridical Field.” Hastings Law Journal 38: 814–53.
Bourdieu Pierre. 1991a. Language and Symbolic Power. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Bourdieu Pierre. 1991b. “Genesis and Structure of the Religious Field.” Comparative Social Research 13:1–43.
Bourdieu Pierre. 1999. “Rethinking the State: Genesis and Structure of the Bureaucratic Field,” in Steinmetz George, ed., State/Culture: State Formation after the Cultural Turn. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Bourdieu Pierre. 2015. On the State. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.
Bourdieu Pierre, and Wacquant Loic J. D.. 1992. An Invitation to Reflexive Sociology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Braibanti Ralph. 1999. Chief Justice Cornelius of Pakistan: An Analysis with Letters and Speeches. New York: Oxford University Press.
Brown Judith M., and Frykenberg Robert Eric, eds. 2002. Christians, Cultural Interactions, and India’s Religious Traditions. London: Routledge Curzon.
Brown Nathan J. 1997. The Rule of Law in the Arab World: Courts in Egypt and the Gulf. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Brown Nathan J. 2002. Constitutions in a Nonconstitutional World: Arab Basic Laws and the Prospects for Accountable Government. Albany, NY: SUNY Press.
Brubaker Rogers. 1992. Citizenship and Nationhood in France and Germany. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Brubaker Rogers. 1998. “The Manichean Myth: Rethinking the Distinction between ‘Civic’ and ‘Ethnic’ Nationalism,” in Kriesi Hanspeter, Armingeon Klaus, Siegrist Hannes, and Wimmer Andreas, eds., Nation and National Identity: The European Experience in Perspective. Zurich: Ruegger.
Brubaker Rogers. 2012. “Religion and Nationalism: Four Approaches.” Nations and Nationalism 18(1): 2–20.
Bruce Steve. 2002. God Is Dead: Secularization in the West. Oxford, UK: Blackwell.
Burbank Jane, and Cooper Frederick. 2010. Empires in World History: Power and the Politics of Difference. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Burki Shahid J. 1988. Pakistan under Bhutto, 1971–1977. London: Macmillan.
Burki Shahid J. and Baxter Craig. 1991. Pakistan under the Military: Eleven Years of Zia Ul-haq. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Cady Linell Elizabeth, and Hurd Elizabeth Shakman, eds. 2010. Comparative Secularisms in a Global Age. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Calhoun Craig. 1997. Nationalism. Buckingham: Open University Press.
Calhoun Craig, Juergensmeyer Mark, and VanAntwerpen Jonathan, eds. 2011. Rethinking Secularism. New York: Oxford University Press.
Casanova Jose. 1994. Public Religions in the Modern World. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Cavanaugh William T. 2009. The Myth of Religious Violence. New York: Oxford University Press.
Central Ahmadiyya Organisation. 1980. A Rejoinder to the Qadiyanies: A Non-Muslim Minority in Pakistan. Qadian, India: Central Ahmadiyya Organisation.
Champion C. A. 2006. “A Very British Coup: Canadianism, Quebec, and Ethnicity in the Flag Debate, 1964–1965.” Journal of Canadian Studies 40(3): 68–99.
Chatterjee Partha. 1993. The Nation and Its Fragments: Colonial and Post-colonial Histories. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Chaves Mark. 2004. “Secularization as Declining Religious Authority.” Social Forces 72: 749–74.
Chehabi H. E. 2008. “Anatomy of Prejudice: Reflections on Secular Anti-Bahaism,” in Brookshaw Dominic and Fazel Seena, eds., The Baha’is of Iran: Socio-Historical Studies. London: Routledge.
Choudhury G. W. 1974. The Last Days of United Pakistan. London: Hurst.
Cohen Stephen P. 2004. The Idea of Pakistan. Washington: Brookings Institution Press.
Cohn Bernard. 1996. Colonialism and Its Forms of Knowledge: The British in India. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Comte Auguste. 1988 . Introduction to Positive Philosophy. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett.
Connolly William E. 2000. Why I Am Not a Secularist. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Copland Ian. 1981. “Islam and Political Mobilisation in Kashmir, 1931–34.” Pacific Affairs 54(2): 228–59.
Corrigan Philip and Sayer Derek. 1985. The Great Arch: English State Formation as Cultural Revolution. Oxford: Blackwell.
Crouch Melissa. 2012. “Judicial Review and Religious Freedom: The Case of Indonesian Ahmadis,” Sydney Law Review 34(3): 545–72.
Cummings John Morton Jr. 1989. “The State, the Stork, and the Wall: The Establishment Clause and Statutory Abortion Regulation.” Catholic University Law Review 39: 1191.
Dabashi Hamid. 2011. The Green Movement in Iran. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.
Davis Nancy J., and Robinson Robert V.. 2009. “Overcoming Movement Obstacles by the Religious Orthodoxy: The Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, Shas in Israel, Comunione e Liberazione in Italy and the Salvation Army in the United States.” American Journal of Sociology 114(5): 1302–49.
De Leon Cedric, Desai Manali, and Tugal Cihan. 2009. “Political Articulation: Parties and the Constitution of Cleavages in the United States, India, and Turkey.” Sociological Theory 27(3): 193–219.
Deringil Selim. 2000. “‘There Is No Compulsion in Religion’: On Conversion and Apostasy in the Late Ottoman Empire: 1839–1856.” Comparative Studies in Society and History 42(3): 547–75.
Devji Faisal. 2005. Landscapes of the Jihad: Militancy, Morality, Modernity. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Devji Faisal. 2013. Muslim Zion. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Dirks Nicholas D. 2001. Castes of Mind: Colonialism and the Making of Modern India. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Douglas Ian Henderson. 1993. Abul Kalam Azad: An Intellectual and Religious Biography. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Dressler Markus. 2013. Writing Religion: The Making of Turkish Alevi Islam. New York: Oxford University Press.
Dressler Markus, and Mandair Arvind, eds. 2011. Secularism and Religion-Making. New York: Oxford University Press.
Duara Prasenjit. 1996. “Historicizing National Identity, or Who Imagines What and When,” in Eley Geoff and Suny Ronald Grigor, eds., Becoming National: A Reader. New York: Oxford University Press.
Edelman Martin. 1994. Courts, Politics, and Culture in Israel. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press.
Edgell Penny. 2012. “A Cultural Sociology of Religion: New Directions.” Annual Review of Sociology 38: 247–65.
Eickelman Dale, and Piscatori James. 1996. Muslim Politics. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Emerson Michael O., and Hartman David. 2006. “The Rise of Religious Fundamentalism.” Annual Review of Sociology 32: 127–44.
Emon Anver M. 2012. Religious Pluralism and Islamic Law: Dhimmis and Others in the Empire of Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Epp Charles R. 1998. The Rights Revolution: Lawyers, Activists, and Supreme Courts in Comparative Perspective. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Epstein Lee, Knight Tack, and Shvetsova Olga. 2001. “The Role of Constitutional Courts in the Establishment and Maintenance of Democratic Systems of Government.” Law and Society Review 35(1): 117–64.
Euben Roxanne L. 1999. Enemy in the Mirror: Islamic Fundamentalism and the Limits of Modern Rationalism: A Work of Comparative Political Theory. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Euben Roxanne Leslie, and Zaman Muhammad Qasim. 2009. “Introduction,” in Euben Roxanne Leslie and Zaman Muhammad Qasim, eds., Princeton Readings in Islamist Thought: Texts and Contexts from al-Banna to Bin Laden. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Eyal Gil. 2005. “The Making and Breaking of the Czechoslovak Political Field,” in Wacquant Loic, ed., Pierre Bourdieu and Democratic Politics. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.
Federal Shariat Court. 1998. “Constitution of the Federal Shariat Court,” in Jan Tarik, ed., Pakistan between Secularism and Islam: Ideology, Issues and Conflict. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies.
Feldman Noah. 2002. “The Intellectual Origins of the Establishment Clause.” New York University Law Review 77: 346–428.
Feldman Noah. 2005. Divided by God: America’s Church-State Problem – And What We Should Do About It. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux.
Feldman Noah. 2008. The Fall and Rise of the Islamic State. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Feldman Stephen M. 2005. “The Rule of Law or the Rule of Politics? Harmonizing the Internal and External Views of Supreme Court Decision Making.” Law and Social Inquiry 30: 89–135.
Fetzer Joel S., and Soper J. Christopher. 2005. Muslims and the State in Britain, France, and Germany. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Finke Roger, and Stark Rodney. 1992. The Churching of America, 1776–2005: Winners and Losers in Our Religious Economy. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Freitag Sandria B. 1989. Collective Action and Community: Public Arenas and the Emergence of Communalism in North India. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Friedland Roger. 2001. “Religious Nationalism and the Problem of Collective Representation.” Annual Review of Sociology 27: 125–52.
Friedman Menachem. 1993. “The Ultra-Orthodox and Israeli Society,” in Kyle Keith and Peters Joel, eds., Wither Israel? The Domestic Challenges. New York: I.B. Tauris.
Friedmann Yohanan. 1989. Prophecy Continuous: Aspects of Ahmadi Religious Thought and Its Medieval Background. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Friedmann Yohanan. 2003. Tolerance and Coercion in Islam: Interfaith Relations in the Muslim Tradition. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Furedi Frank. 2005. Politics of Fear: Beyond Left and Right. New York: Continuum.
Fyzee Asaf A. 1964. Outlines of Muhammadan Law. Oxford University Press.
Gauchet Marcel. 1999. The Disenchantment of the World: A Political History of Religion. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Ghanea Nazila. 2004. “Human Rights of Religious Minorities and of Women in the Middle East.” Human Rights Quarterly 26: 705–29.
Ghazi Mahmud A. 1998. “The Law of Tawhin-e-Risalat: A Social, Political and Historical Perspective,” in Jan Tarik, ed., Pakistan between Secularism and Islam: Ideology, Issues and Conflict. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies.
Gilmartin David. 1988. Empire and Islam: Punjab and the Making of Pakistan. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Gilmartin David. 1991. “Democracy, Nationalism and the Public: A Speculation on Colonial Muslim Politics.” South Asia 14(1): 123–40.
Gilmartin David. 1998a. “A Magnificent Gift: Muslim Nationalism and the Election Process in Colonial Punjab.” Comparative Studies in Society and History 40, 3: 415–36.
Gilmartin David. 1998b. “Partition, Pakistan, and South Asian History: In Search of a Narrative.” Journal of Asian Studies 57(4): 1068–95.
Go Julian. 2008. “Global Fields and Imperial Forms: Field Theory and the US and British Empires.” Sociological Theory 26(3): 201–29.
Goldberg Chad Allen. 2012. “T. H. Marshall Meets Pierre Bourdieu: Citizens and Paupers in the Development of the U.S. Welfare State,” in Gorski Philip S., ed., Bourdieu and Historical Analysis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Goldstone Jack A. 2004. “More Social Movements or Fewer? Beyond Political Opportunity Structures to Relational Fields.” Theory and Society 33(3–4): 333–65.
Göle Nilüfer. 1996. The Forbidden Modern: Civilization and Veiling. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Goossaert Vincent, and Palmer David A.. 2011. The Religious Question in Modern China. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Gorski Philip S. 2003. The Disciplinary Revolution: Calvinism and the Rise of the State in Early Modern Europe. University of Chicago Press.
Gorski Philip S. 2000a. “Historicizing the Secularization Debate: Church, State, and Society in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe, ca. 1300 to 1700.” American Sociological Review 65(1): 138–67.
Gorski Philip S. 2000b. “The Mosaic Moment: An Early Modernist Critique of Modernist Theories of Nationalism.” American Journal of Sociology 105(5): 1428–68.
Gorski Philip S. 2013. “Nation-ization Struggles: A Bourdieusian Theory of Nationalism,” in Gorski Philip S., ed., Bourdieu and Historical Analysis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Gorski Philip S., and Altinordu Ates. 2008. “After Secularization?” Annual Review of Sociology 34:55–85.
Green Nile. 2011. Bombay Islam: The Religious Economy of the West Indian Ocean, 1840–1915. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Greenfeld Liah. 1993. Nationalism: Five Roads to Modernity. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Greenfeld Liah. 1996. “The Modern Religion?” Critical Review 10(2): 169–91.
Griffel Frank. 2007. “Introduction,” in Amanat Abbas and Griffel Frank, eds., Shariʼa: Islamic Law in the Contemporary Context. Redwood City, CA: Stanford University Press.
Griffel Frank. 2008. “Apostasy,” in Krämer Gudrun, Matringe Denis, Nawas John, and Rowson Everett, eds., Encyclopaedia of Islam, 3d ed. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill.
Grimm Dieter. 2012. “Types of Constitutions,” in Rosenfeld Michael and Sajó András, eds., The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Constitutional Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Gualtieri Antonio. 1989. Conscience and Coercion: Ahmadi Muslims and Orthodoxy in Pakistan. Montreal, Canada: Guernica.
Gupta Akhil. 1995. “Blurred Boundaries: The Discourse of Corruption, the Culture of Politics, and the Imagined State.” American Ethnologist 22: 375–402.
Habermas Jurgen. 2006. “Religion in the Public Sphere.” European Journal of Philosophy 14(1): 1–25.
Habermas Jurgen. 2008. “Notes on Post-Secular Society.” New Perspectives Quarterly 25(4): 17–29.
Hadden Jeffrey K. 1987. “Toward Desacralizing Secularization Theory.” Social Forces 65(3): 587–611.
Hajjar Lisa. 2004. “Religion, State Power, and Domestic Violence in Muslim Societies: A Framework for Comparative Analysis.” Law and Social Inquiry 29: 1–38.
Hallaq Wael B. 2005. The Origins and Evolution of Islamic Law. Cambridge, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Hallaq Wael B. 2013. The Impossible State: Islam, Politics, and Modernity’s Moral Predicament. New York: Columbia University Press.
Hangen Susan I. 2010. The Rise of Ethnic Politics in Nepal: Democracy in the Margins. New York: Routledge.
Hansen Thomas Blom, and Stepputat Finn. 2001. “Introduction: States of Imagination,” in Hansen Thomas Blom and Stepputat Finn, eds., States of Imagination: Ethnographic Explorations of the Postcolonial State. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Haqqani Husain. 2005. Pakistan: Between Mosque and Military. Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
Hasan Mubashir. 2000. The Mirage of Power: An Inquiry into the Bhutto Years, 1971–1977. Karachi: Oxford University Press.
Hasan Zoya. 1989. “Minority Identity, Muslim Women Bill Campaign and the Political Process.” Economic and Political Weekly 24(1): 44–50.
Hasan Zoya. 2010. “Not Quite Secular Political Practice,” in Cady Linell Elizabeth and Hurd Elizabeth Shakman, eds., Comparative Secularisms in a Global Age. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Hashemi Nader. 2011. “The Arab Revolution of 2011: Reflections on Religion and Politics.” Insight Turkey 13(2): 15–21.
Hashemi Nader, and Postel Danny, eds. 2011. The People Reloaded: The Green Movement and the Struggle for Iran’s future. New York: Melville House.
Hashmi Bilal. 1983. “Dragon Seed: Military in the State,” in Gardezi Hassan and Rashid Jamil, eds., Pakistan: The Roots of Dictatorship. London: Zed.
Haydu Jeffrey. 1998. “Making Use of the Past: Time Periods as Cases to Compare and as Sequences of Problem Solving.” American Journal of Sociology 104(2): 339–71.
Haydu Jeffrey. 2010. “Reversals of Fortune: Path Dependency, Problem Solving, and Temporal Cases.” Theory and Society 39(1): 25–48.
Hefner Robert W. 2000. Civil Islam: Muslims and Democratization in Indonesia. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Hefner Robert W. 2005. “Introduction: Modernity and the Remaking of Muslim Politics,” in Hefner Robert W., ed., Remaking Muslim Politics: Pluralism, Contestation, Democratization. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Hirschkind Charles. 2007. “What Is Political Islam?” Middle East Report 205: 14.
Hirschl Ran. 2000. “The Political Origins of Judicial Empowerment Through Constitutionalization: Lessons from Four Constitutional Revolutions.” Law and Social Inquiry 25: 91–149.
Hirschl Ran. 2004. “Constitutional Courts vs. Religious Fundamentalism: Three Middle Eastern Tales.” Texas Law Review 82: 1819–60.
Hirschl Ran. 2010. Constitutional Theocracy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Honig Bonnie. 1993. Political Theory and the Displacement of Politics. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Huntington Samuel P. 1993. “The Clash of Civilizations?” Foreign Affairs 72(3): 22–49.
Hurd Elizabeth Shakman. 2007a. The Politics of Secularism in International Relations. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Hurd Elizabeth Shakman. 2007b. “Theorizing Religious Resurgence.” International Politics 44(6): 647–65.
Hussain Zahid. 2008. Frontline Pakistan: The Struggle with Militant Islam. New York: Columbia University Press.
Khan Shaukat Hyat. 1995. The Nation That Lost Its Soul. Lahore: Jang Publishers.
Ignatieff Michael. 1994. Blood and Belonging: A Journey into the New Nationalism. London: Vintage.
Iqbal Javid. 2006. Encounters with Destiny: Autobiographical Reflections. Karachi: Oxford University Press.
Iqbal Muhammad. 1976. Islam and Ahmadism. Lahore: Muhammad Ashraf, Kashmiri Bazar.
Iqbal Muhammad. 1977. “Presidential Address Delivered at the Annual Session of the All-India Muslim League, 29 December, 1930,” in Sherwani Latif Ahmad, ed., Speeches, Writings and Statements of Iqbal. Lahore: Iqbal Academy.
Iqbal Muhammad. 2013. The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam. Redwood City, CA: Stanford University Press.
Iqtidar Humeira. 2011. Secularizing Islamists? Jama’at-e-Islami and Jama’at-ud-Da’wa in Urban Pakistan. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Jahangir Asma, and Jilani Hina. 1990. The Hudood Ordinances: A Divine Sanction? Lahore: Rhotas Books.
Jaffrelot Christophe. 2002. A History of Pakistan and Its Origins. London: Anthem.
Jalal Ayesha. 1985. The Sole Spokesman: Jinnah, the Muslim League and the Demand for Pakistan. Cambridge University Press.
Jalal Ayesha. 1991. The State of Martial Rule: The Origins of Pakistan’s Political Economy of Defence. Lahore: Vanguard.
Jalal Ayesha. 1995. “Conjuring Pakistan: History as Official Imagining.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 27: 73–89.
Jalal Ayesha. 2000. Self and Sovereignty: Individual and Community in South Asian Islam Since 1850. London: Routledge.
Jan Tarik, ed. 1998. Pakistan Between Secularism and Islam: Ideology, Issues and Conflict. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies.
Jansen Robert S. 2011. “Populist Mobilization: A New Theoretical Approach to Populism.” Sociological Theory 29(2): 75–96.
Jenkins J. Craig, and Klandermans Bert. 1995. “The Politics of Social Protest,” in Jenkins J. Craig and Klandermans Bert, eds., The Politics of Social Protest: Comparative Perspectives on States and Social Movements. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Jessop Bob. 1990. “Putting States in Their Place: Once More on Capitalist States and Capitalist Societies,” in State Theory: Putting the Capitalist State in Its Place. London: Polity Press.
Jones Kenneth W. 1989. Socio-Religious Reform Movements in British India. Cambridge University Press.
Joppke Christian, and Rosenhek Zeev. 2002. “Contesting Ethnic Immigration: Germany and Israel Compared.” Archives Europeennes de Sociologie 43(3):301–35.
Juergensmeyer Mark. 1993. The New Cold War? Religious Nationalism Confronts the Secular State. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Kandil Hazem. 2011. “Islamizing Egypt? Testing the Limits of Gramscian Counterhegemonic Strategies.” Theory and Society 40(1): 37–62.
Kapferer Bruce. 1988. Legends of People, Myths of State: Violence, Intolerance, and Political Culture in Sri Lanka. Washington, DC: Smithsonian.
Kauppi Niilo. 2003. “Bourdieu’s Political Sociology and the Politics of European Integration.” Theory and Society 32: 775–89.
Kaushik Surendra Nath. 1996. Ahmadiya Community in Pakistan: Discrimination, Travail and Alienation. New Delhi: South Asia Publishers.
Kaviraj Sudipta. 2010. The Imaginary Institution of India: Politics and Ideas. New York: Columbia University Press.
Kennedy Charles H. 1988. “Islamization in Pakistan: Implementation of Hudood Ordinances.” Asian Survey 28(3): 307–16.
Kennedy Charles H. 1992. “Repugnancy to Islam: Who Decides? Islam and Legal Reform in Pakistan.” International and Comparative Law Quarterly 41(4): 769–87.
Khan Adil Hussain. 2012. “The Kashmir Crisis as a Political Platform for Jama’at-i Ahmadiyya’s Entrance into South Asian Politics.” Modern Asian Studies 46(5): 1398–428.
Khan Amjad Mahmood. 2003. “Persecution of the Ahmadiyya Community in Pakistan: An Analysis under International Law and International Relations.” Harvard Human Rights Journal 16: 217–44.
Khan Hamid. 2005. Constitutional and Political History of Pakistan. Karachi: Oxford University Press.
Khan Naveeda. 2009. “Maulana Yusuf Ludhianvi on the Limits of Legitimate Religious Differences,” in Metcalf Barbara D., ed., Islam in South Asia in Practice. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Khan Naveeda. ed. 2010. Beyond Crisis: Re-evaluating Pakistan. New Delhi: Routledge.
Khan Naveeda. 2012. Muslim Becoming: Aspiration and Skepticism in Pakistan. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Khan Yasmin. 2007. The Great Partition: The Making of India and Pakistan. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Klug Heinz. 2000. Constituting Democracy: Law, Globalism and South Africa’s Political Reconstruction. Cambridge University Press.
Koğacıoğlu Dicle. 2004. “Progress, Unity, and Democracy: Dissolving. Political Parties in Turkey.” Law and Society Review 38(3): 433–62.
Kohn Hans. 1944. The Idea of Nationalism: A Study in Its Origins and Background. New York: Macmillan.
Kozlowski Gregory C. 1985. Muslim Endowments and Society in British India. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Kriesi Hanspeter. 1995. “The Political Opportunity Structure of New Social Movements: Its Impact on Their Mobilization,” in Jenkins J. Craig and Klandermans Bert, eds., The Politics of Social Protest: Comparative Perspectives on States and Social Movements. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Kuru Ahmet S. 2009. Secularism and State Policies toward Religion: The United States, France, and Turkey. Cambridge University Press.
Laclau Ernesto. 2005. On Populist Reason. London: Verso.
Lau Martin. 2006. The Role of Islam in the Legal System of Pakistan. Leiden, Netherlands: Martinus Nijhoff.
Lau Martin. 2007. “Twenty-Five Years of Hudood Ordinances – A Review.” Washington and Lee Law Review 64(4): 1291–314.
Lau Martin. n.d. “Islam and Fundamental Rights in Pakistan: The Case of Zaheer-ud-din v. The State and Its Impact on the Fundamental Right to Freedom of Religion,” in CIMEL Yearbook, Vol. 1. Available at: www.soas.ac.uk/cimel/materials/intro.html.
Lavan Spencer. 1974. The Ahmadiyah Movement: A History and Perspective. Delhi: Manohar.
Lawrence Bruce. 1995. Defenders of God: The Fundamentalist Revolt against the Modern Age. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press.
Lewis Bernard. 1990. “The Roots of Muslim Rage.” Atlantic Monthly 266(3): 47–60.
Linz Juan J. 2000. Totalitarian and Authoritarian Regimes. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.
Linz Juan J., and Stepan Alfred. 1996. Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Lombardi Clark. 2006. State Law as Islamic Law in Modern Egypt: The Incorporation of the Shari’a into Egyptian Constitutional Law. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill.
Lombardi Clark. 2010. “Can Islamizing a Legal System Ever Help Promote Liberal Democracy? A View from Pakistan.” University of St. Thomas Law Journal 7(3): 649–91.
Loveman Mara. 2005. “The Modern State and the Primitive Accumulation of Symbolic Power.” American Journal of Sociology 110 (6): 1651–83.
Ludhianvi Maulana Muhammad Yousuf. 2001. What Is Qadianiat? Multan: Aalami Majlis-e-Tahaffuz-e-Khatam-e-Nabuwwat.
Ludhianvi Maulana Muhammad Yousuf. n.d.a. The Qadiani Funeral. Publisher unknown.
Ludhianvi Maulana Muhammad Yousuf. n.d.b. Qadiyanion aur Doosray Kafiron kay Darmiyaan Faraq [The Difference between Qadianis and Other Infidels]. Multan: Aalami Majlis-e-Tahaffuz-e-Khatam-e-Nabuwwat.
Mahmood Saba. 2005. Politics of Piety: The Islamic Revival and the Feminist Subject. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Mahmood Saba. 2015. Religious Difference in a Secular Age: A Minority Report. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Mahmud Tayyab. 1995. “Freedom of Religion & Religious Minorities in Pakistan: A Study of Judicial Practice.” Fordham International Law Journal 19: 40.
Malik Iftikhar H. 1995. “Identity Formation and Muslim Party Politics in the Punjab, 1897–1936: A Retrospective Analysis.” Modern Asian Studies 29(2): 293–323.
Malik Jamal. 1996. Colonization of Islam: Dissolution of Traditional Institutions in Pakistan. New Delhi: Manohar.
Mamdani Mahmood. 1996. Citizen and Subject: Contemporary Africa and the Legacy of Late Colonialism. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Mamdani Mahmood. 2004. Good Muslim, Bad Muslim: America, the Cold War, and the Roots of Terror. New York: Pantheon.
Mann Michael. 2005. The Dark Side of Democracy: Explaining Ethnic Cleansing. New York: Cambridge University Press.
March Andrew F. 2015. “Political Islam: Theory.” Annual Review of Political Science 18: 103–23.
Martin David. 1978. A General Theory of Secularization. Oxford: Blackwell.
Martin David. 2005. On Secularization: Towards a Revised General Theory. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate.
Marvin Carolyn, and Ingle David W.. 1999. Blood Sacrifice and the Nation: Totem Rituals and the American Flag. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Masud Muhammad Khalid, Messick Brinkley, and Powers David S.. 1996. “Muftis, Fatwas, and Islamic Legal Interpretation,” in Masud Muhammad Khalid, Messick Brinkley, and Powers David S., eds., Islamic Legal Interpretation: Muftis and Their Fatwas. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Masuzawa Tomoko. 2005. The Invention of World Religions: Or, How European Universalism Was Preserved in the Language of Pluralism. University of Chicago Press.
Maududi S. Abul A’la. 1953. The Qadiani Problem. Lahore: Islamic Publications.
Maududi S. Abul A’la. 1980. Islamic Law and Constitution. Lahore: Islamic Publications.
Mazari Sherbaz Khan. 2000. A Journey to Disillusionment. Karachi: Oxford University Press.
McAdam Doug, Tarrow Sidney, and Tilly Charles. 2001. Dynamics of Contention. Cambridge University Press.
McGrath Allen. 1996. The Destruction of Pakistan’s Democracy. Karachi: Oxford University Press.
Mirsepassi Ali. 2000. Intellectual Discourse and the Politics of Modernization: Negotiating Modernity in Iran. Cambridge University Press.
Mufti Aamir R. 2007. Enlightenment in the Colony: The Jewish Question and the Crisis of Postcolonial Culture. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Mujeeb-ur-Rehman . 2002. Error at the Apex: Invasive Interpretation of Human Rights. Montreal, Canada: Oriental Publishers.
Mehdi Rubya. 1994. The Islamization of the Law in Pakistan. Richmond, Surrey, UK: Curzon Press.
Metcalf Barbara Daly. 1982. Islamic Revival in British India: Deoband 1860–1900. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Metcalf Barbara Daly. 1999. “Nationalism, Modernity, and Muslim Identity in India before 1947,” in van der Veer Peter and Lehmann Hartmut, eds., Nation and Religion: Perspectives on Europe and Asia. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Metcalf Thomas R. 1964. The Aftermath of Revolt: India 1857–1870. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Migdal Joel. 2001. State in Society: Studying How Status and Societies Transform and Constitute One Another. Cambridge University Press.
Mitchell Timothy. 1991. “The Limits of the State: Beyond Statist Approaches and Their Critics.” American Political Science Review 85(1): 77–96.
Mitchell Timothy. 1999. “Society, Economy, and the State Effect,” in Steinmetz George, ed., State/Culture: State-Formation after the Cultural Turn. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Mouffe Chantal. 2000. The Democratic Paradox. London: Verso.
Mouffe Chantal. 2006. “Religion, Liberal Democracy, and Citizenship,” in de Vries Hent and Sullivan Lawrence E., eds., Political Theologies: Public Religions in a Post-Secular World. New York: Fordham University Press.
Mousavi Mir Hussein. 2010. “The Green Movement Charter,” in Hashemi Nader and Postel Danny, eds., The People Reloaded: The Green Movement and the Struggle for Iran’s Future. New York: Melville House.
Moustafa Tamir. 2003. “Law versus the State: The Judicialization of Politics in Egypt.” Law & Social Inquiry 28(4): 883–930.
Munir Muhammad. 1980. From Jinnah to Zia. Lahore: Vanguard.
Murray Bruce T. 2008. Religious Liberty in America: The First Amendment in Historical and Contemporary Perspective. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press.
Nasr Seyyed Vali Reza. 1994. The Vangaurd of the Islamic Revolution: The Jama‘at-i Islami of Pakistan. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Nasr Seyyed Vali Reza. 2001. Islamic Leviathan: Islam and the Making of State Power. New York: Oxford University Press.
Newberg Paula R. 1995. Judging the State: Courts and Constitutional Politics in Pakistan. Cambridge University Press.
Norris Pippa, and Inglehart Ronald. 2004. Sacred and Secular: Religion and Politics Worldwide. Cambridge University Press.
Oddie G.A. 1978. Social Protest in India: British Protestant Missionaries and Social Reforms, 1850–1900. Columbia, MO: South Asia Books.
Oldenburg Philip. 1985. “‘A Place Insufficiently Imagined’: Language, Belief, and the Pakistan Crisis of 1971.” Journal of Asian Studies 44(4): 711–33.
Perlez Jane. 2007. “On Retainer in Pakistan, to Ease Military Rulers Path.” New York Times, December 15.
Plamenatz John. 1976. “Two Types of Nationalism,” in Kamenka Eugene, ed., Nationalism: The Nature and Evolution of an Idea. London: Edward Arnold.
Powell Avril A. 1993. Muslims and Missionaries in Pre-Mutiny India. Richmond, UK: Curzon Press.
Purohit Teena. 2015. “Muhammad Iqbal on Muslim Orthodoxy and Transgression: A Response to Nehru.” Reorient 1(1): 78–92.
Qasmi Ali Usman. 2010. “God’s Kingdom on Earth? Politics of Islam in Pakistan, 1947–1969.” Modern Asian Studies 44(6): 1197–253.
Qasmi Ali Usman. 2014. The Ahmadis and the Politics of Religious Exclusion in Pakistan. London: Anthem Press.
Raday Frances. 2007. “Claiming Equal Religious Personhood: Women of the Wall’s Constitutional Saga,” in Brugger Winfrie and Karayanni Michael, eds., Religion in the Public Sphere: A Comparative Analysis of German, Israeli, American and International Law. Berlin: Springer.
Ramusack Barbara. 2004. The Indian Princes and Their States. Cambridge University Press.
Rashid Khalid. 2000. Taliban: Militant Islam, Oil and Fundamentalism in Central Asia. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Ray Raka. 1999. Fields of Protest: Women’s Movements in India. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Redding Jeffrey A. 2004. “Constitutionalizing Islam: Theory and Pakistan.” Virginia Journal of International Law 44: 759–62.
Reetz Dietrich. 2006. Islam in the Public Sphere: Religious Groups in India, 1900–1947. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Rizvi Hasan-Askari. 2003. Military, State and Society in Pakistan. London: Macmillan.
Robinson Francis. 1975. Separatism among Indian Muslims: The Politics of the United Provinces’ Muslims, 1860–1923. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Rouse Shahnaz. 1986. “Women’s Movement in Pakistan: State, Class and Gender.” South Asia Bulletin 6(1): 32–7.
Roy Olivier. 1994. The Failure of Political Islam. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Roy Olivier. 2004. Globalized Islam: The Search for a New Ummah. New York: Columbia University Press.
Saeed Sadia. 2007. “Pakistani Nationalism and the State Marginalization of Ahmadiyya Community in Pakistan.” Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism 7(3): 132–52.
Saeed Sadia. 2010. “Politics of Exclusion: Muslim Nationalism, State Formation and Legal Representations of the Ahmadiyya Community in Pakistan,” PhD dissertation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.
Saeed Sadia. 2012. “Political Fields and Religious Movements: The Exclusion of the Ahmadiyya Community in Pakistan.” Political Power and Social Theory 23: 189–223.
Saeed Sadia. 2013. “Desecularisation as an Instituted Process: National Identity and Religious Difference in Pakistan.” Economic and Political Weekly 48(50): 62–70.
Saeed Sadia. 2015. “Secular Power, Law and the Politics of Religious Sentiments.” Critical Research on Religion 3(1): 57–71.
Said Edward. 1979. Orientalism. London: Vintage.
Salvatore Armando, and Eickelman Dale F., eds. 2004. Public Islam and the Common Good. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill.
Sanasarian Eliz. 2000. Religious Minorities in Iran. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Sanyal Usha. 1996. “Are Wahhabis Kafirs? Ahmad Riza Khan Barelwi and His Sword of the Haramayn,” in Masud Muhammad Khalid, Messick Brinkley, and Powers David S., eds., Islamic Legal Interpretation: Muftis and Their Fatwas. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Schmitt Carl. 1996. The Concept of the Political. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Scott David, and Hirschkind Charles, eds. 2006. Powers of the Secular Modern: Talal Asad and His Interlocutors. Redwood City, CA: Stanford University Press.
Scott Rachel M. 2010. The Challenge of Political Islam: Non-Muslims and the Egyptian State. Redwood City, CA: Stanford University Press.
Sells Michael A. 1998. The Bridge Betrayed: Religion and Genocide in Bosnia. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Sewell William H. 2005. Logics of History: Social Theory and Social Transformation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Shah Sajjad Ali. 2001. Law Courts in a Glass House: An Autobiography. Karachi: Oxford University Press.
Shaikh Farzana. 1989. Community and Consensus in Islam: Muslim Representation in Colonial India, 1860–1947. Cambridge University Press.
Shambayati Hootan. 2004. “A Tale of Two Mayors: Courts and Politics in Iran and Turkey.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 36(2): 253–75.
Shapiro Martin. 1981. Courts: A Comparative and Political Analysis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Shapiro Martin. 2002. “The Success of Judicial Review and Democracy,” in Shapiro Martin and Sweet Alec Stone, eds., On Law, Politics, and Judicialization. Oxford University Press.
Shelef Nadav. 2010. “Politicized Secularism in Israel: Secularists as a Party to Communal Conflict.” Contemporary Jewry 30(1): 87–104.
Siddique Osama, and Hayat Zahra. 2008. “Unholy Speech and Holy Laws: Blasphemy Laws in Pakistan – Controversial Origins, Design Defects and Free Speech Implications.” Minnesota Journal of International Law 17(2): 303–85.
Sieder Rachel, Schjolden Line, and Angell Alan, eds. 2005. The Judicialization of Politics in Latin America. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Sikand Yoginder S. 1997. “The Fitna of Irtidad: Muslim Missionary Response to the Shuddhi of Arya Samaj in Early Twentieth Century India.” Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs 17(1): 65–82.
Silbey Susan S. 2005. “After Legal Consciousness.” Annual Review of Law and Social Science 1: 323–68.
Smith Anthony D. 1999. Myths and Memories of the Nation. New York: Oxford University Press.
Smith Christian, ed. 2003. The Secular Revolution: Power, Interests, and Conflict in the Secularization of American Public Life. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Smith Eugene Donald. 1963. India as a Secular State. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Snow David A., Rochford E. Burke Jr., Worden Steven K., and Benford Robert D.. 1986. “Frame Alignment Processes, Micromobilization, and Movement Participation.” American Sociological Review 51: 464–81.
Somers Margaret R. 1992. “Narrativity, Narrative Identity, and Social Action: Rethinking English Working-Class Formation.” Social Science History 16: 591–630.
Somers Margaret R. 2008. Genealogies of Citizenship: Markets, Statelessness, and the Right to Have Rights. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Sorek Tamir. 2004. “The Orange and the ‘Cross in the Crescent’: Imagining Palestine in 1929.” Nations and Nationalism 10(3): 269–91.
Spillman Lyn, and Faeges Russel. 2005. “Nations,” in Adams Julia, Clemens Elisabeth S., and Orloff Ann Shola, eds., Remaking Modernity: Politics, History, and Sociology. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Stark Rodney. 1999. “Secularization, RIP.” Sociology of Religion 60(3): 249–73.
Steinmetz George. 1992. “Reflections on the Role of Social Narratives in Working Class Formation: Narrative Theory in the Social Sciences.” Social Science History 16(3): 489–516.
Steinmetz George. 1999. “Introduction,” in Steinmetz George, ed., State/Culture: State Formation after the Cultural Turn. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Steinmetz George. 2004. “Odious Comparisons: Incommensurability, the Case Study, and ‘Small N’s’ in Sociology.” Sociological Theory 22(3): 371–400.
Steinmetz George. 2007. The Devil’s Handwriting: Precoloniality and the German Colonial State in Qingdao, Samoa, and Southwest Africa. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Stepan Alfred C. 2000. “Religion, Democracy, and the ‘Twin Tolerations.’” Journal of Democracy 11(4): 37–57.
Stephens Julia. 2014. “The Politics of Muslim Rage: Secular Law and Religious Sentiment in Late Colonial India.” History Workshop Journal 77(1): 45–64.
Stone Sweet Alec. 2002. “Path Dependence, Precedent, and Judicial Power,” in Shapiro Martin and Sweet Alec Stone, eds., On Law, Politics, and Judicialization. Oxford University Press.
Sullivan Winnifred Fallers. 2005. The Impossibility of Religious Freedom. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Swidler Ann. 1986. “Culture in Action: Symbols and Strategies.” American Sociological Review 51(2): 273–86.
Syed Anwar K. 1992. The Discourse and Politics of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. New York: St. Martin’s Press.
Talbot I. A. 1980. “The 1946 Punjab Elections.” Modern Asian Studies 14(1): 65–91.
Talbot I. A. 1998. Pakistan: A Modern History. New York: St. Martin’s Press.
Tambiah Stanley Jeyaraja. 1986. Sri Lanka: Ethnic Fratricide and the Dismantling of Democracy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Tate C. Neal, and Vallinder Tobjörn. 1995. The Global Expansion of Judicial Power. NY: New York University Press.
Taylor Charles. 1997. “Nationalism and Modernity,” in McKim Robert and McMahan Jeff, eds., The Morality of Nationalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Taylor Charles. 2007. A Secular Age. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Tezcur Gunes Murat. 2007. “Constitutionalism, Judiciary, and Democracy in Islamic Societies.” Polity 39: 479–501.
Thio Li-ann. 2012. “Constitutionalism in Illiberal Polities,” in Rosenfeld Michael and Sajó András, eds., The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Constitutional Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Toor Saadia. 2011. The State of Islam: Culture and Cold War Politics in Pakistan. London: Pluto Press.
Trouillot Michel-Rolph. 2001. “The Anthropology of the State in the Age of Globalization.” Current Anthropology 42(1): 125–38.
Tugal Cihan. 2009. “Transforming Everyday Life: Islamism and Social Movement Theory.” Theory and Society 38(5): 423–58.
Turner Bryan S. 1974. Weber and Islam. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
Tushnet Mark. 2012. “Constitution,” in Rosenfeld Michael and Sajó András, eds., The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Constitutional Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Usmani Mohammad Taqi, and Haq Maulana Samiul. 1977. Qadianism on Trail: The Case of the Muslim Ummah against Qadianis Presented before the National Assembly of Pakistan, trans. by Ra’zi Mohammad Wali. Karachi: Maktaba Darul Uloom.
van Bruinessen Martin. 2002. “Genealogies of Islamic Radicalism in post-Suharto Indonesia. “South East Asia Research 10(2): 117–54.
van der Linden Robert. 2008. Moral languages from Colonial Punjab: The Singh Sabhas, Arya Samaj and Ahmadiyahs. New Delhi: Manohar.
van der Veer Peter. 1994. Religious Nationalism: Hindus and Muslims in India. Berkeley: University of California Press.
van der Veer Peter. 2001. Imperial Encounters: Religion and Modernity in India and Britain. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
van der Veer Peter, and Lehmann Hartmut, eds. 1999. Nation and Religion: Perspectives on Europe and Asia. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Virmani Arundhati. 1999. “National Symbols under Colonial Domination: The Nationalization of the Indian Flag, March–August 1923.” Past and Present 164: 169–97.
Vries Hent de, and Sullivan Lawrence E., eds. 2006. Political Theologies: Public Religions in a Post-Secular World. New York: Fordham University Press.
Wacquant Loic. 2005. Pierre Bourdieu and Democratic Politics: The Mystery of Ministry. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.
Warner Michael, VanAntwerpen Jonathan, and Calhoun Craig J., eds. 2010. Varieties of Secularism in a Secular Age. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Weber Max. 1958. “Religious Rejections of the World and Their Directions,” in Gerth H. H. and Wright Mills C., eds., From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology. New York: Oxford University Press.
Weber Max. 1976. The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, trans. by Parsons Talcott. London: Allen & Unwin.
Weber Max. 1978. Economy and Society. ed. by Roth G. and Wittich C.. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Wedeen Lisa. 1999. Ambiguities of Domination: Politics, Rhetoric, and Symbols in Contemporary Syria. University of Chicago Press.
Weiss Anita B. 1986. “The Historical Debate on Islam and the State in South Asia,” in Weiss Anita M., ed., Islamic Reassertion in Pakistan: The Application of Islamic Laws in a Modern State. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press.
Weitman Sasha R. 1973. “National Flags: A Sociological Overview.” Semiotica 8: 328–67.
Wickham Carrie Rosefky. 2002. Mobilizing Islam: Religion, Activism, and Political Change in Egypt. New York: Columbia University Press.
Wiktorowicz Quintan, ed. 2004. Islamic Activism: A Social Movement Theory Approach. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Wilkinson Steven I. 2004. Votes and Violence: Electoral Competition and Ethnic Riots in India. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Willis John Ralph. 1996. “The Fatwas of Condemnation,” in Masud Muhammad Khalid, Messick Brinkley, and Powers David S., eds., Islamic Legal Interpretation: Muftis and Their Fatwas. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Wimmer Andreas. 2002. Nationalist Exclusion and Ethnic Conflict: Shadows of Modernity. Cambridge University Press.
Witte John Jr. 2004 . Religion and the American Constitutional Experiment. Boulder, CO: Westview.
Wolpert Stanley. 1984. Jinnah of Pakistan. New York: Oxford University Press.
Wolpert Stanley. 1993. Zulfi Bhutto of Pakistan: His Life and Times. New York: Oxford University Press.
Wuthnow Robert. 1989. Meaning and Moral Order: Explorations in Cultural Analysis. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Zaidi S. Akbar. 2011. “The State, Military and Social Transition: The Improbable Future of Democratization in Pakistan,” in Military, Civil Society and Democratization in Pakistan. Lahore: Vanguard.
Zaman Muhammad Qasim. 2002. The Ulama in Contemporary Islam: Custodians of Change. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Zamindar Vazira Fazila-Yacoobali. 2007. The Long Partition and the Making of Modern South Asia: Refugees, Boundaries, Histories. New York: Columbia University Press.
Ziring Lawrence. 1980. Pakistan: Enigma of Political Development. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Zubaida Sami. 2005. Law and Power in the Islamic World. London: I.B. Tauris.
Zubrzycki Geneviève. 2001. “‘We, the Polish Nation’: Ethnic and Civic Visions of Nationhood in Post-communist Constitutional Debates.” Theory and Society 30: 629–68.
Zubrzycki Geneviève. 2006. The Crosses of Auschwitz: Nationalism and Religion in Post-Communist Poland. University of Chicago Press.
Zubrzycki Geneviève. 2010. “Religion and Nationalism: A Critical Re-examination,” in Turner Bryan S., ed., The New Blackwell Companion to the Sociology of Religion. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.