Skip to main content
Public Participation in Sustainability Science
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 68
  • Cited by
    This book has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Kristjánsdóttir, Kristín Rut Ólafsdóttir, Rannveig and Ragnarsdóttir, Kristín Vala 2018. Reviewing integrated sustainability indicators for tourism. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, Vol. 26, Issue. 4, p. 583.

    Hugé, Jean Mukherjee, Nibedita and Sutherland, William 2018. The nominal group technique in ecology & conservation: Application and challenges. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, Vol. 9, Issue. 1, p. 33.

    Russ, Meir 2018. Handbook of Knowledge Management for Sustainable Water Systems. p. 1.

    Kishita, Yusuke Uwasu, Michinori Hara, Keishiro Kuroda, Masashi Takeda, Hiroyuki Umeda, Yasushi and Shimoda, Yoshiyuki 2018. Toward designing sustainability education programs: a survey of master’s programs through semi-structured interviews. Sustainability Science, Vol. 13, Issue. 4, p. 953.

    Sword-Daniels, Victoria Eriksen, Christine Hudson-Doyle, Emma E. Alaniz, Ryan Adler, Carolina Schenk, Todd and Vallance, Suzanne 2018. Embodied uncertainty: living with complexity and natural hazards. Journal of Risk Research, Vol. 21, Issue. 3, p. 290.

    Suldovsky, Brianne McGreavy, Bridie and Lindenfeld, Laura 2018. Evaluating Epistemic Commitments and Science Communication Practice in Transdisciplinary Research. Science Communication, Vol. 40, Issue. 4, p. 499.

    Talukder, Byomkesh Hipel, Keith W. and vanLoon, Gary W. 2018. Using multi-criteria decision analysis for assessing sustainability of agricultural systems. Sustainable Development,

    Avelino, Flor 2017. Power in Sustainability Transitions: Analysing power and (dis)empowerment in transformative change towards sustainability. Environmental Policy and Governance, Vol. 27, Issue. 6, p. 505.

    Hugé, Jean 2017. Participatory sustainability assessment for spatial planning: reflections from a pilot exercise in Flanders, Belgium. Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, Vol. 35, Issue. 4, p. 284.

    Sharma, Somesh and Geerlings, Harry 2017. Smart and Sustainable Planning for Cities and Regions. p. 185.

    Raus, Rea 2017. Student Teacher Ecological Self in the Context of Education for Sustainable Development: A Longitudinal Case Study. Journal of Education for Sustainable Development, Vol. 11, Issue. 2, p. 123.

    Annema, Jan Anne Frenken, Koen Koopmans, Carl and Kroesen, Maarten 2017. Relating cost-benefit analysis results with transport project decisions in the Netherlands. Letters in Spatial and Resource Sciences, Vol. 10, Issue. 1, p. 109.

    Vaugeois, Nicole Schroeder, Joanne and Harnett, Michelle 2017. The role of leisure in integrated community sustainability plans within Canada. Leisure/Loisir, Vol. 41, Issue. 3, p. 343.

    Brick, Kerri Visser, Martine and Van der  Hoven, Zoe 2016. Cooperation and Climate Change: Can Communication Facilitate the Provision of Public Goods in Heterogeneous Settings?. Environmental and Resource Economics, Vol. 64, Issue. 3, p. 421.

    Abdul-Rahman, Hamzah Wang, Chen Wood, Lincoln C. and Ebrahimi, Makdokht 2016. Integrating and ranking sustainability criteria for housing. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Engineering Sustainability, Vol. 169, Issue. 1, p. 3.

    Thomas, Fabian and Knüppe, Kathrin 2016. From Flood Protection to Flood Risk Management: Insights from the Rhine River in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Water Resources Management, Vol. 30, Issue. 8, p. 2785.

    Burns, Tom R 2016. Sustainable development: Agents, systems and the environment. Current Sociology, Vol. 64, Issue. 6, p. 875.

    Gelcich, Stefan and O'Keeffe, Jay 2016. Emerging frontiers in perceptions research for aquatic conservation. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, Vol. 26, Issue. 5, p. 986.

    Bohnet, Iris C. and Beilin, Ruth 2015. Editorial: Pathways towards sustainable landscapes. Sustainability Science, Vol. 10, Issue. 2, p. 187.

    Marsden, Terry and Farioli, Francesca 2015. Natural powers: from the bio-economy to the eco-economy and sustainable place-making. Sustainability Science, Vol. 10, Issue. 2, p. 331.


Book description

This book discusses how citizens can participate more effectively in sustainability science and environmental policy debates. It discusses designs for participatory procedures, and experiences of their application to issues of global change. While the focus is on citizen participation, the involvement of specific stakeholders - including water managers and venture capitalists - is also addressed. The book describes how focus group methods were combined with the interactive use of computer models into new forms of participation, tested with six hundred citizens. The results are discussed in relation to other important topics, including greenhouse gas and water management. By combining this with an examination of issues of interactive governance and developing country participation, the book provides state-of-the-art, practical insights for students, researchers and policy makers alike.


'… a fascinating reflexive account of the 'voyage of discovery' undertaken by a research community, and makes stimulating reading for anyone interested in participatory integrated assessment research.'

Source: Environmental Values

'… a solid, rigorous contribution that will be useful for scholars in the sociology of science, citizenship studies and environmental education as well.'

Source: Political Studies Review

‘… the forensically detailed write-ups of the data, including copious quotations from participants, assists the reader in judging the value of the research – a degree of flexibility for which the authors ought to be commended … The book addresses many intriguing issues.‘

Source: Public Administration

Refine List
Actions for selected content:
Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive
  • Send content to

    To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to .

    To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

    Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

    Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

    Please be advised that item(s) you selected are not available.
    You are about to send

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
Alcamo, J. (ed.) (1994). IMAGE 2.0: Integrated Modelling of Global Climate Change. Kluwer, London
Alcamo, J., Kreileman, E., and Leemans, R. (1996). “Global models meet global policy. How can global and regional modellers connect with environmental policy makers? What has hindered them? What has helped?Global Environmental Change 6(4), pp. 255–259
Alexander, J. C., and Smith, P. (1996). “Social science and salvation: risk society as mythical discourse.” Zeitschrift für Soziologie 25, pp. 251–262
Andriessen, D. G. (1995). “Policy simulation and crisis management: the harsh winter scenario,” in D. Crookall and K. Arai (eds.), Simulation and Gaming Across Disciplines and Cultures: ISAGA at a Watershed. Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA, pp. 101–110
Annan, K. A. (2000). “Sustaining the earth in the new millenium: the UN secretary-general speaks out,” Environment 42(8), pp. 20–30
Bailey, P. D. (1997). “Integrated environmental assessment: a new methodology for environmental policy?Environmental Impact Assessment Review 17, pp. 221–226
Bailey, P., Yealey, S., and Forrester, J. (1999). “Involving the public in local air pollution assessment: a citizen participation case study,” International Journal of Environment and Pollution 11(3), pp. 290–303
Bakker, K., L. del Moral, T. E Downing, C. Giansante, A. Garrido, E. Iglesias, B. Pedregal, P. Riesco, and SIRCH team (1999). A Framework for Institutional Analysis. SIRCH Working Paper. 3. University of Oxford, Environmental Change Institute, Oxford
Bakker, K., T. E Downing, J. Handmer, E. Crook, and E. Penning-Rowswell (2000). Hydrological Risk in the Thames Valley. Flood Hazard Research Centre, Middlesex
Bauman, Z. (1991). Modernity and Ambivalence. Polity Press, Cambridge
Bauman, Z. (1998). Globalization – The Human Consequences. Polity Press, Cambridge
Beck, U. (1992). Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity. Sage, London
Beck, U. (1994). “The reinvention of politics: towards a theory of reflexive modernization,” in U. Beck, A. Giddens, and S. Lash (eds.), Reflexive Modernization. Politics, Tradition and Aesthetics in the Modern Social Order. Polity Press, Cambridge, pp. 1–55
Beck, U., A. Giddens, and S. Lash (1994). Reflexive Modernization – Politics, Tradition and Aesthetics in the Modern Social Order. Polity Press, Cambridge
Bell, A. (1994). “Climate and opinion: public and media discourse on the global environment,” Discourse and Society 5(1), pp. 33–64
Bohman, J., and W. Rehg (1997). Essays on Reason and Politics – Deliberative Democracy. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA
Bostrom, A., Morgan, G., Fischoff, B., and Read, D. (1994). “What do people know about global climate change? Part 1: Mental models,” Risk Analysis 14(6), pp. 959–970
Brand, K.-W. (1997). “Environmental consciousness and behaviour: the greening of lifestyles,” in M. Redclift and G. Woodgate (eds.), The International Handbook of Environmental Sociology. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, pp. 204–217
Brandom, R. B. (1998). Making it Explicit: Reasoning, Representing and Discursive Commitment. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA
Brewer, G. D. (1986). “Methods for synthesis: policy exercises,” in W. C. Clark and R. E Munn (eds.), Sustainable Development of the Biosphere. Cambridge University Press, pp. 455–475
Brooks, M. (1999). “Live and let live,” New Scientist, 3 July, pp. 33–36
Brown, M. A., Levine, M. D., Short, W., and Koomey, J. G. (2001). “Scenarios for a clean energy future,” Energy Policy 29(14), pp. 1179–1196
Burgess, J., C. Harrison, and P. Filius (1995). Making the Abstract Real: A Cross-Cultural Study of Public Understanding of Global Environmental Change. University College London, London
Burgess, J., Limb, M., and Harrison, C. M. (1988). “Exploring environmental values through the medium of small groups: 1. Theory and practice,” Environment and Planning A 20, pp. 309–326
Burns, T. R. (1999). “The evolution of parliaments and societies in Europe: challenges and prospects,” European Journal of Social Theory 2(2), pp. 167–194
Burns, T. R., and R. Ueberhorst (1988). Creative Democracy: Systematic Conflict Resolution and Policymaking in a World of High Science and Technology. Praeger, New York
Burns, T. R., C. C. Jaeger, M. Kamali, A. Liberatore, Y. Meny, and P. Nanz (2000). The Future of Parliamentary Democracy: Transition and Challenge in European Governance. The Italian Parliament, Rome
Buttel, F. H., and Taylor, P. J. (1992). “Environmental sociology and global environmental change: a critical assessment,” Society and Natural Resources 5, pp. 211–230
Byers, P. Y., and Wilcox, J. R. (1991). “Focus groups: a qualitative opportunity for researchers,” Journal of Business Communication 28(1), pp. 63–78
Calatrava, J., A. Garrido, and E. Iglesias (1999). Economics Applied to Drought Planning and Management for Drought Mitigation. Polytechnical University of Madrid, Madrid
Castells, M. (1996). The Rise of the Network Society. Blackwell, Oxford
Castells, M. (1997). The Power of Identity. Blackwell, Oxford
Casti, J. L. (1986). “On system complexity: identification, measurement, and management,” in J. L. Casti and A. Karlqvist (eds.), Complexity, Language, and Life: Mathematical Approaches. Springer, Berlin, pp. 146–173
Cebon, P., H. C. Davies, D. M. Imboden, and C. C. Jaeger (eds.) (1998). Views from the Alps. Towards Regional Assessments of Climate Change. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA
Central Planning Bureau (1992). Scanning the Future: A Long-Term Scenario Study of the World Economy 1990–2015. Central Planning Bureau of the Netherlands
Clark, W. C., and N. M. Dickson (1998). The Global Environmental Assessment Project: Overview for 1998. GEA Working Paper, June. John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA
Coenen, F. H. J. M., D. Huitema, and L. J. O. J. O'Toole (1998). Participation and the Quality of Environmental Decision Making. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht
Cohen, J. E. (1977). “Mathematical models of schistosomiasis,” Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 8, pp. 209–233
Cohen, S. J. (1997). “Scientist–stakeholder collaboration in integrated assessment of climate change: lessons from a case study of Northwest Canada,” Environmental Modelling and Assessment 2(4), pp. 281–293
Conner, J., K. Richardson, and N. Fenton (1991). Nuclear Reactions. John Libby, London
Coote, A., and J. Lenaghan (1997). Citizens' Juries: Theory into Practice. Institute for Public Policy Research, London
Cox, K. K., Higginbotham, J. B., and Burton, J. (1976). “Application of focus group interviews in marketing,” Journal of Marketing 40, pp. 77–80
Crenshaw, E. M., and Jenkings, J. C. (1996). “Social structure and global climate change: sociological proposition concerning the greenhouse effect,” Sociological Focus 29(4), pp. 341–358
Dahinden, U. (1998). “Umweltpolitik zwischen Technokratie und Demokratie (Environmental policy between technocracy and democracy).” Ph.D. dissertation. Faculty of Social Sciences and History, Darmstadt University of Technology, Darmstadt
Darier, É. (1997). Ulysses Manchester IA Focus Group 1 – Process Description and Preliminary Observations.Internal report. CSEC, Lancaster University, Lancaster
Darier, É., Gough, C., Marchi, B., Funtowicz, S. O., Grove-White, R., Kitchener, D., Pereira, A., and Wynne, B. (1999). “Between democracy and expertise? Citizens' participation and environmental Integrated Assessment in Venice (Italy) and St. Helens (UK),” Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning 1(2), pp. 103–121
Darier, É., and D. Kitchener (1997). “Transcripts and Notes of the St. Helens Citizens' Panels” (manuscript). CSEC / Lancaster University, Lancaster
Darier, É., and Schüle, R. (1999). “‘Think Globally, Act Locally’? Climate change and public participation in Manchester and Frankfurt,” Local Environment 4(3), pp. 317–330
De Marchi, B., and S. O. Funtowicz (1997). Proposta per un modulo comunicativo sperimentale sul rischio chimico a Porto Marghera. Quaderno 97-6. Institute of International Sociology of Gorizia, Mass Emergencies Programme, Gorizia
De Marchi, B., S. O. Funtowicz, S. Lo Cascio, and G. Munda (2000). Ecological Economics 14, pp. 267–282
De Marchi, B., S. O. Funtowicz, C. Gough, Â. Guimarães Pereira, and E. Rota (1998). The ULYSSES Voyage: The ULYSSES Project at the JRC. EUR 17760EN. Joint Research Centre, European Commission, Ispra
de Vries, H. J. M. (1995). SusClime. Globo Report Series. 11. National Institute of Public Health and Environmental Protection (RIVM), Bilthoven
de Vries, H. J. M., T. Fiddaman, and R. Janssen (1993). Strategic Planning Exercise about Global Warming. 461502001. National Institute of Public Health and Environmental Protection (RIVM), Bilthoven
Department of the Environment, Transport, and the Regions. (1998). Modern Local Government in Touch with People. Department of the Environment, Transport, and the Regions, London
Doble, J. (1995). “Public opinion about issues characterized by technological complexity and scientific uncertainty,” Public Understanding of Science 4, pp. 95–118
Douglas, M. (1972). “Environments at Risk,” in J. Benthall (ed.), Ecology: The Shaping Enquiry. Longman, London, pp. 129–145
Douglas, M. (ed.) (1982). Essays in the Sociology of Perception. Routledge and Kegan Paul, London
Douglas, M., and A. Wildavsky (1982). Risk and Culture. An Essay on the Selection of Technical and Environmental Dangers. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA
Dowlatabadi, H., and Morgan, M. G. (1994). “A model framework for integrated studies of the climate problem,” Energy Policy 22(3), pp. 209–221
Downing, T. E. (2002). “Impacts of climate change on domestic demand for water in southern England,” Water Policy (forthcoming)
Downing, T. E., S. Moss, and C. Pahl-Wostl (2001). “Understanding climate policy using participatory agent-based social simulation,” in S. Moss and P. Davidsson (eds.), Multi-agent Based Simulation: Second International Workshop (MABS 2000). Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Heidelberg, pp. 198–213
Downing, T. E., A. A. Olsthoorn, and R. S. J. Tol (eds.) (1999). Climate, Change and Risk. Routledge, London
Dunlap, R. E. (1998). “Lay perceptions of global risk. Public views of global warming in cross-national context,” International Sociology 13(4), pp. 473–498
Dunlap, R. E., and Catton, W. R. J. (1994). “Struggling with human exemptionalism: the rise, decline and revitalization of environmental sociology,” American Sociologist 25(1), pp. 5–29
Dunlap, R. E., and A. G. Mertig (1996). “Weltweites Umweltbewusstsein. Zu den Ursachen und Konsequenzen von Umwelteinstellungen in der Bevölkerung,” in A. Diekmann and C. C. Jaeger (eds.), Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie. Westdeutscher Verlag, Opladen, pp. 193–218
Dunlap, R. E., and Mertig, A. G. (1997). “Global environmental concern: an anomaly for postmaterialism,” Social Science Quarterly 78(1), pp. 24–29
Dunlap, R. E, G. H. Gallup, and A. M. Gallup (1993a). Health of the Planet: Results of a 1992 International Environmental Opinion Survey of Citizens in 24 Nations. The George H. Gallup International Institute, Princeton, NJ
Dunlap, R. E, G. H. Gallup, and A. M. Gallup (1993b). “Of global concern,” Environment November 1993, pp. 6–15, 33–39
Dürrenberger, G., J. Behringer, U. Dahinden, Å. Gerger, B. Kasemir, C. Querol, R. Schüle, D. Tàbara, F. Toth, M. B. A. van Asselt, D. Vassilarou, N. Willi, and C. C. Jaeger (1997). Focus Groups in Integrated Assessment: A Manual for a Participatory Tool.ULYSSES WP-97-2. Center for Interdisciplinary Studies in Technology, Darmstadt University of Technology, Darmstadt
Dyson, E. (1999). “Losing touch with reality,” The Guardian, 4 March, Online Supplement, p. 11. London
Eckersley, R., and K. Jeans (eds.) (1995). Challenge to Change: Australia in 2020. CSIRO Publishing, Victoria
Elkington, J. (1999). Cannibals With Forks: The Triple Bottom Line of 21st Century Business. Touchstone Press, London
Ellis, J. J. (2000). Founding Brothers. The Revolutionary Generation. Knopf, New York
European Commission (1993). White Paper: Growth, Competitiveness, Employment: The Challenges and Ways Forward into the 21st Century. CEC, Brussels
European Commission (1998). The Competitiveness of European Industry. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg
European Communities (1994). Potential Benefits of Integration of Environmental and Economic Policies. Graham and Trotman, London
EVCA (1996). White Paper. European Venture Capital Association (EVCA), Brussels
EVCA (1997). The EVCA Yearbook 1997: A Survey of Venture Capital and Private Equity Capital in Europe. European Venture Capital Association (EVCA), Brussels
Exner, J. E (1993). The Rorschach: A Comprehensive System. John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ
Fiorino, D. J. (1990). “Citizen participation and environmental risks: a survey of institutional mechanisms,” Science, Technology & Human Values 15, pp. 226–243
Forrester, J. (1999). “The logistics of public participation in environmental assessment,” International Journal of Environment and Pollution 11(3), pp. 316–330
Foucault, M. (1981). “Omnes et Singulatim: towards a criticism of ‘political reason,’” The Tanner Lectures on Human Values. University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City, and Cambridge University Press, pp. 223–254
Foucault, M. (1991). “Governmentality,” in G. Burchell, C. Gordon, and P. Miller (eds.), The Foucault Effect. Harvester Wheatsheaf, Hemel Hempstead, pp. 87–104
Fukuyama, F. (1996). Trust: The Social Virtues and the Creation of Prosperity. Free Press, New York
Fukuyama, F. (1999). The Great Disruption: Human Nature and the Reconstitution of Social Order. Free Press, New York
Funtowicz, S. O., and Â. Guimarães Pereira (1999). VISIONS Report: Venice 2050. Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italy
Funtowicz, S. O., and J. R. Ravetz (1990). Uncertainty and Quality in Science for Policy. Kluwer, Dordrecht
Funtowicz, S. O., and J. R. Ravetz (1991). “A new scientific methodology for global environmental issues,” in R. Constanza (ed.), Ecological Economics. Columbia University, New York, pp. 137–152
Funtowicz, S. O., and J. R. Ravetz (1992). “Three types of risk assessment and the emergence of post-normal science,” in S. Krimsky and D. Golding (eds.). Social Theories of Risk. Praeger Publishers, Westport, pp. 251–273
Funtowicz, S. O., and Ravetz, J. R. (1993). “Science for the post-normal age,” Futures 25(7), pp. 739–755
Funtowicz, S. O., and Ravetz, J. R. (1994a). “Emergent complex systems,” Futures 26(6), pp. 568–582
Funtowicz, S. O., and Ravetz, J. R. (1994b). “The worth of a songbird: ecological economics as a post-normal science,” Ecological Economics 10, pp. 197–207
Funtowicz, S. O., and Ravetz, J. R. (1997). “The poetry of thermodynamics,” Futures 29(9), pp. 791–810
Gallie, W. B. (1956). “Essentially contested concepts,” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 56, pp. 167–198
Giansante, C. E. A. (2000). Adaptive Responses to Hydrological Risk: An Analysis of Stakeholders. University of Seville, Seville
Gieser, L., and M. L. Stein (eds.) (1999). Evocative Images: The Thematic Apperception Test and the Art of Projection. American Psychological Association, Washington, DC
Goss, J. D., and Leinbach, T. R. (1996). “Focus groups as alternative research practice: Experience with transmigrants in Indonesia,” Area 28(2), pp. 115–123
Grin, J., H. van de Graaf, and R. Hoppe (1997). Technology Assessment Through Interaction: A Guide. SDU, The Hague
Grove-White, R., P. Macnaghten, S. Mayer, and B. Wynne (1997). Uncertain World – Genetically Modified Organisms, Food and Public Attitudes in Britain. Lancaster University, Lancaster
Guimarães Pereira, Â., Gough, C., and Marchi, B. (1999). “Computers, citizens and climate change – the art of communicating technical issues,” International Journal of Environment and Pollution 11(3), pp. 266–289
Gundersen, A. G. (1995). The Environmental Promise of Democratic Deliberation. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, WI
Gutman, A., and D. Thompson (1996). Democracy and Disagreement. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA
Habermas, J. (1981). The Theory of Communicative Action: Reason and the Rationalization of Society. Beacon Press, Boston, MA
Hadley, S. W., and Short, W. (2001). “Electricity sector analysis in the clean energy futures studyEnergy Policy 29(14), pp. 1285–1298
Haigh, N. (1998). “Roundtable: challenges and opportunities for IEA – science-policy interactions from a policy perspective,” Environmental Modeling and Assessment 3(3), pp. 135–142
Hannigan, J. A. (1995). Environmental Sociology: A Social Constructionist Approach. Routledge, London
Harrison, C. M., Burgess, J., and Filius, P. (1996). “Rationalizing environmental responsibilities – a comparison of lay publics in the UK and the Netherlands,” Global Environmental Change 6(3), pp. 215–234
Hausrath, A. (1971). Venture Simulation in War, Business and Poltitics. McGraw-Hill, New York
Held, D. (1987). Models of Democray. Basil Blackwell, Oxford
Held, D. (1995). Democracy and the Global Order: From the Modern State to Cosmopolitan Governance. Polity Press, Cambridge
Hilderink, H. B. M., E. Mosselman, A. H. W. Beusen, M. B. A. van Asselt, M. G. J. den Elzen, P. J. F. de Vink, and J. Rotmans (1998). TARGETS CD. Baltzer Science Publishers, Bussum
Hisschemöller, M. (1993). De democratie van problemen. De relatie tussen de inhoud van beleidsproblemen en methoden van politieke besluitvorming. VU Boekhandel, Amsterdam
Holling, C. S. (ed.) (1978). Adaptive Environmental Assessment and Management. Wiley, London
Hordijk, L. (1991). An Integrated Assessment Model for Acidification in Europe. Free University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam
Hourcade, J.-C. (1993). “Modelling long-run scenarios. Methodology lessons from a prospective study on a low CO2 intensive country,” Energy Policy 21, pp. 309–326
Imboden, D., and C. C. Jaeger (1999). “Towards a sustainable energy future,” in OECD (ed.), Energy: The Next Fifty Years. OECD, Paris, pp. 63–94
International Energy Agency (1995). World Energy Outlook. International Energy Agency, Paris
International Herald Tribune (1999). “Tietmeyer's parting advice to Europe,” International Herald Tribune, 23 August, p. 1 & 5
IPCC (1990). First Assessment Report. (vol. 1).Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
IPCC (1996a). Climate Change 1995: The Science of Climate Change. Technical Summary of Working Group Ⅰ Report.Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
IPCC (1996b). “Global Environmental Change Report 2. IPCC Second Assessment Report: A Review,” March. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Geneva, pp. 1–8
IPCC (2001). Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
Irwin, A., and B. Wynne (1996). Misunderstanding Science? The Public Reconstruction of Science and Technology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
Jaeger, C. C. (1998). “Risk management and Integrated Assessment,” Environmental Modeling and Assessment 3, pp. 211–225
Jaeger, C. C., Schüle, R., and Kasemir, B. (1999). “Focus groups in Integrated Assessment: a micro-cosmos for reflexive modernization,” Innovation 12(2), pp. 195–219
Jaeger, C. C., Dürrenberger, G., Kastenholz, H., and Truffer, B. (1993). “Determinants of environmental action with regard to climatic change,” Climatic Change 23, pp. 193–211
Jaeger, C. C., G. Dürrenberger, H. Kastenholz, and B. Truffer (1998). “Decision analysis and rational action,” in S. Rayner and E. L. Malone (eds.), Human Choice and Climate Change. The Tools for Policy Analysis. Battelle Press, Columbus, OH, pp. 141–215
Jaeger, C. C., O. Renn, E. A. Rosa, and T. Webler (2001). Risk, Uncertainty, and Rational Action. Earthscan, London
Jaeger, C. C., Barker, T., Edenhofer, O., Faucheux, S., Hourcade, J.-C., Kasemir, B., O'Connor, M., Parry, M., Peters, I., Ravetz, J. R., and Rotmans, J. (1997a). “Procedural leadership in climate policy: a European task,” Global Environmental Change 7(3), pp. 195–203
Jaeger, C. C., S. O. Funtowicz, B. Wynne, S. Giner, Å. Gerger, M. Giaoutzi, F. Toth, J. Jäger, J. R. Ravetz, and G. Dürrenberger (1997b). Preliminary Report on Urban Sustainability: Annex 1 to ULYSSES Progress Report – May 1996 to April 1997. University of Technology, Darmstadt
Jaeger, C. C., M. Chadwick, B. Wynne, S. O. Funtowicz, M. Giaoutzi, S. Giner, F. Toth, J. Jäger, G. Dürrenberger, J. R. Ravetz, and C. Casilli (1995). ULYSSES: Urban Lifestyles, Sustainability and Integrated Environmental Assessment. A RTD proposal for Framework Programme Ⅳ (EC), Environment and Climate. University of Technology, Darmstadt
Jäger, J. (1998). “Current thinking on using scientific findings in environmental policy making,” Environmental Modeling and Assessment 3(3), pp. 145–153
Jasanoff, S. (1990). The Fifth Branch: Science Advisers as Policy Makers. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA
Jasanoff, S., and B. Wynne (1998). “Science and decisionmaking,” in S. Rayner and E. L. Malone (eds.), Human Choice and Climate Change. Vol. 1: The Societal Framework. Battelle Press, Columbus, OH, pp. 1–87
Jasanoff, S., G. E Markle, J. C. Petersen, and T. Pinch (1995). Handbook of Science and Technology Studies. Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA
Joldersma, C., J. L. Geurts, J. Vermaas, and G. Heyne (1995). “A policy exercise for the Dutch health care system for the elderly,” in D. Crookall and K. Arai (eds.), Simulation and Gaming across Disciplines and Cultures: ISAGA at a Watershed. Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA, pp. 111–121
Joss, S., and J. Durant (eds.) (1995). Public Participation in Science: The Role of Consensus Conferences in Europe. Trustees of the Science Museum, London
Karl, T., N. Nicholls, and A. Ghazi (eds.) (1999). Weather and Climate Extremes: Changes, Variations, and a Perspective from the Insurance Industry. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht
Kasemir, B., Schibli, D., Stoll, S., and Jaeger, C. C. (2000). “Involving the public in climate and energy decisions,” Environment 42(3), pp. 32–42
Kasemir, B., Asselt, M. B. A., Dürrenberger, G., and Jaeger, C. C. (1999b). “Integrated Assessment of sustainable development: Multiple Perspectives in Interaction,” International Journal of Environment and Pollution 11(4), pp. 407–425
Kasemir, B., J. Behringer, B. De Marchi, C. Deuker, G. Dürrenberger, S. O. Funtowicz, Å. Gerger, M. Giaoutzi, Y. Haffner, M. Nilsson, C. Querol, R. Schüle, D. Tàbara, M. B. A. van Asselt, D. Vassilarou, N. Willi, and C. C. Jaeger (1997). Focus Groups in Integrated Assesment: The ULYSSES Pilot Experience. ULYSSES WP-97-4, Center for Interdisciplinary Studies in Technology, Darmstadt University of Technology, Darmstadt
Kasemir, B., U. Dahinden, A. Gerger, R. Schüle, D. Tàbara, and C. C. Jaeger (1999a). Fear, Hope and Ambiguity: Citizens' Perspectives on Climate Change and Energy Use. ULYSSES WP-99-1. Center for Interdisciplinary Studies in Technology, Darmstadt University of Technology, Darmstadt
Kassler, P. (1994). Energy for Development. Shell Selected Paper, Shell International Petroleum Company, London
Kates, R. W., Clark, W. C., Corell, R., Hall, J. M., Jaeger, C. C., Lowe, I., McCarthy, J. J., Schellnhuber, H. J., Bolin, B., Dickson, N. M., Faucheux, S., Gallopin, G. C., Gruebler, A., Huntley, B., Jäger, J., Jodha, N. S., Kasperson, R. E., Mabogunje, A., Matson, P., Mooney, H., Moore, B. Ⅲ, O'Riordan, T., and Svedin, U. (2001). “Sustainability science,” Science 292, pp. 641–642
Kelly, M. (1994). Critique and Power: Recasting the Foucault/Habermas Debate. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA
Kempton, W. (1991). “Lay perspectives on global climate change,” Global Environmental Change 1(3), pp. 183–208
Kempton, W. (1997). “How the public views climate change,” Environment November 1997, pp. 12–21
Kempton, W., and Craig, P. P. (1993). “European perspectives on global climate change,” Environment 35(3), pp. 16–45
Kitchener, D., and É. Darier (1998a). “ULYSSES St. Helens Citizens Panel– Process Description and Preliminary Observations” (unpublished report). Centre for the Study of Environmental Change, Lancaster University, Lancaster
Kitchener, D., and É. Darier (1998b). “ULYSSES St. Helens Joint Citizens/Policy-makers Panel – Process Description and Preliminary Observation” (unpublished report). Centre for the Study of Environmental Change, Lancaster University, Lancaster
Klabbers, J. H. G., C. Bernabo, M. Hisschemóller, and B. Moomaw (1996). “Climate change policy development: enhancing the science/policy dialogue” in F. Watts and A. Garcia Carbonell (eds.), Simulation Now! Learning through Experience: The Challenge of Change. Diputacio de Valencia, Valencia, pp. 285–297
Klabbers, J. H. G., R. J. Swart, A. P. Van Ulden, and P. Vellinga (1995). “Climate policy: management of organized complexity through gaming,” in D. Crookall and K. Arai (eds.). Simulation and Gaming across Disciplines and Cultures: ISAGA at a Watershed. Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA, pp. 122–133
Kleindorfer, P. R., H. C. Kunreuther, and P. J. H. Schoemaker (1993). Decision Sciences: An Integrative Perspective. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
Knoepfel, I., J. E Salt, A. Bode, and W. Jakobi (1999). The Kyoto Protocol and Beyond: Potential Implications for the Insurance Industry. UNEP Insurance Industry Initiative, Geneva
Konyar, K. (2001). “Assessing the role of US agriculture in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and generating additional environmental benefits,” Ecological Economics 38(1), pp. 85–103
Koomey, J. G., Webber, C. A., Atkinson, C. S., and Nicholls, A. (2001). “Addressing energy-related challenges for the US buildings sector: results from the clean energy futures study,” Energy Policy 29(14), pp. 1209–1221
Kreps, D. M. (1988). Notes on the Theory of Choice. Westview Press, Boulder, CO
Kristeva, J. (1977). Polylogue. Seuil, Paris
Krueger, R. A. (1988). Focus Groups. A Practical Guide for Applied Research. Sage, Newbury Park, CA
Kuhn, T. S. (1962). The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL
Kuper, R. (1997). “Deliberating waste: the Hertfordshire Citizens' Jury,” Local Environment 2(2), pp. 139–153
Lafferty, W. M., and J. Meadowcroft (1996). Democracy and the Environment – Problems and Prospects. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham
Laird, F. N. (1993). “Participatory analysis, democracy and technological decision making,” Science, Technology and Human Values 18(3), pp. 341–361
Lakoff, G., and M. Johnson (1980). Metaphors We Live By. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL
Langford, I. H., Bentham, C. G., and McDonald, A. L. (1998). “Multi-level modelling and geography aggregated health data: a case study on malignant melanoma mortality and UV radiation in the European CommunityStatistics in Medicine 70(1), pp. 41–58
Lannoo, K. (1999). “A European perspective on corporate governance,” Journal of Common Market Studies 37(2), pp. 269–294
Lilienfeld, S. O., Wood, J. M., and Garb, H. N. (2000). “The scientific status of projective techniques,” Psychological Science in the Public Interest 1(2), pp. 27–66
Lilienfeld, S. O., J. M. Wood, and H. N. Garb (2001). “What's wrong with this picture?” Scientific American, May, pp. 81–87
Löfstedt, R. E. (1992). “Lay perspectives concerning global climate change in Sweden,” Energy and Environment 3(2), pp. 161–175
Löfstedt, R. E. (1993). “Lay perspectives concerning global climate change in Austria,” Energy and Environment 4, pp. 140–154
Lorenzoni, I., Jordan, A., O'Riordan, T., Turner, R. K., Hulme, M. (2000). “A co-evolutionary approach to climate change impact assessment – Part Ⅱ: A scenario-based case study in East Anglia (UK)”, Global Environmental Change Part A, 10 (2), pp. 145–155
Luke, T. (1999). “Environmentality as green governmentality” in É. Darier (ed.), Discourses of the Environment. Blackwell, Oxford
Lukes, S. (1978). Power: A Radical View. Macmillan, London
Luks, F. (1999). “Post-normal science and the rhetoric of inquiry: deconstructing normal science?Futures 31(7), pp. 705–719
Macnaghten, P., R. Grove-White, M. Jacobs, and B. Wynne (1995). Public Perceptions and Sustainability in Lancashire – Indicators, Institutions, Participation. Lancashire County Council, Lancashire
Magalhaes, A. R. (1998). “Planning for Sustainable Development in the Context of Global Change,” Global Environmental Change 8(1), pp. 1–10
Mason, R. O., and I. I. Mitroff (1981). Challenging Strategic Planning Assumptions. Theory, Cases and Techniques, Wiley, New York
Mayer, I. (1997). “Debating technologies. A methodological contribution to the design and evaluation of participatory policy analysis,” Tilburg University Press, Tilburg
Mayer, I., and J. Geurts (1998). “De instrumentele mogelijkheden van de argumentatieve beleidsanalyse: participatieve methoden” in R. Hoppe and A. Peterse (eds.), Bouwstenen voor argumentatieve beleidsanalyse. Elsevier, The Hague, pp. 187–204
Mazur, A. (1998). “Global environmental change in the news,” International Sociology 13(4), pp. 457–472
McGranahan, G., and Gerger, Å. (1999). “Participation and environmental assessment in northern and southern cities, with examples from Stockholm and Jakarta,” International Journal of Environment and Pollution 11(3), pp. 373–394
McKibben, W. (1990.) The End of Nature. Viking Press, New York
Meadows, D. H. (1985). User's Manual for STRATEGEM-1. A Microcomputer Based Management Training Game on Energy-Environment Interactions. Resource Policy Center, Hanover, NH
Meadows, D. H., D. L. Meadows, J. Randers, and W. W. Behrens (1972). The Limits to Growth. Universe Books, New York
Mermet, L. (1992). “Policy exercises on global environmental problems,” in D. Crookall and K. Arai (eds.), Global Interdependence: Simulation and Gaming Perspectives. Springer Verlag, Tokyo, pp. 216–222
Merton, R. K. (1987). “The focussed interview and focus groups: continuities and discontinuities,” Public Opinion Quarterly 51(4), pp. 550–566
Merton, R. K., and Kendall, P. L. (1946). “The focused interview,” American Journal of Sociology 51, pp. 541–557
Misztal, B. A. (1996). Trust in Modern Society. Polity Press, Cambridge
Morgan, G. M., and Dowlatabadi, H. (1996). “Learning from Integrated Assesment of climatic change,” Climatic Change 34(3–4), pp. 337–368
Morgan, D. L., and R. A. Krueger (1998a). The Focus Group Kit (Volume 1–6). Sage, London
Morgan, D. L., and R. A. Krueger (1998b). The Focus Group Kit: Developing Questions for Focus Groups. Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA
Morgan, D. L., and R. A. Krueger (1998c). The Focus Group Kit: Involving Community Members in Focus Groups. Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA
Morgan, D. L., and R. A. Krueger (1998d). The Focus Group Kit: The Focus Group Guidebook. Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA
Morgan, M. G., T. Smuts, H. Dowlatabadi, B. Fischhoff, L. Lave, and E. Rubin (1994). Brochure: Global Warming and Climate Change. Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA
Moss, R. H. (1995). “Avoiding ‘dangerous’ interference in the climate system. The roles of values, science and policy,” Global Environmental Change 5(1), pp. 3–6
Murray, G. C. (1998). “A policy response to regional disparities in the supply of risk capital to new technology-based firms in the European Union: the European Seed Capital Fund Scheme,” Regional Studies 32(5), pp. 405–419
National Research Council, Board on Sustainable Development, Policy Division (ed.) (1999). Our Common Journey: A Transition Toward Sustainability. National Academic Press, Washington, DC
Nilsson, M. (1997). Work Package: Using PoleStar in ULYSSES. Stockholm Environment Institute, Stockholm
Nilsson, M. (1998). Computer Tool Experiences in ULYSSES. Stockholm Environment Institute, Stockholm
Nordhaus, W. D. (1994). “Expert opinion on climatic change,” American Scientist 82 (January–February), pp. 45–51
O'Connor, M. (1999). “Dialogue and debate in a post-normal practice of science,” Futures 31, pp. 671–687
OECD (1997). The World in 2020. Towards a New Global Age. OECD, Paris
O'Riordan, T. (ed.) (1997). Ecotaxation. Earthscan Publications, London
O'Riordan, T. (2000). Globalism, Localism and Identity: Fresh Perspectives on the Sustainability Transition in Europe. Earthscan Publications, London
O'Riordan, T., and J. Jäger (1996). “Beyond climate change science and politics,” in T. O'Riordan and J. Jäger (eds.), Politics of Climate Change. A European Perspective. Routledge, London and New York, pp. 346–360
O'Riordan, T., and Jordan, A. (1999). “Institutions, climate change and cultural theory: Towards a common analytical framework,” Global Environmental Change 9(2), pp. 81–93
Osborne, M. J., and A. Rubinstein (1994). A Course in Game Theory. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA
Pahl-Wostl, C., C. C. Jaeger, S. Rayner, C. Schaer, M. B. A van Asselt, D. Imboden, and A. Vckovski (1998). “Regional Integrated Assessment of climate change and the problem of indeterminacy,” in P. Cebon, H. C. Davies, D. M. Imboden, and C. C. Jaeger (eds.), Views from the Alps. Towards Regional Assessments of Climate Change. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, pp. 435–497
Pahl-Wostl, C., Schlumpf, C., Schönborn, A., Büssenschütt, M., and Burse, J. (2000). “Models at the interface between science and society: Impacts and Options,” Integrated Assessment 1, pp. 267–280
Palerm, J. R. (2000). “An empirical-theoretical analysis framework for public participation in environmental impact assessment,” Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 43(5), pp. 581–600
Parson, E. A. (1995). “Integrated assessment and environmental policy-making– in pursuit of usefulness,” Energy Policy 23(4–5), pp. 463–475
Parson, E. A. (1996). A Global Climate Change Policy Exercise: Result of a Test Run, July 27–29, 1995. WP-96-90, Working paper. International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg, Austria
Parson, E. A. (1997). “Informing global environmental policy making: a plea for new methods of assessment and synthesis,” Environmental Modeling and Assessment 2, pp. 267–279
Parson, T. (1937). The Structure of Social Action. McGraw-Hill, New York
Pearce, D. (1995). “Joint implementation: a general overview,” in C. J. Jepma (ed.), The Feasibility of Joint Implementation. Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp. 15–31
Pedregal Mateos, B. (1999). Adaptive Responses to Hydrological Risk: A Demographic Perspective. University of Seville, Seville
Pendergraft, C. A. (1998). “Human Dimensions of Climate Change: Cultural Theory and Collective Action,” Climatic Change 39, pp. 643–666
Perhac, R. M. Jr. (1998). “Comparative risk assessment: where does the public fit in?Science, Technology & Human Values 23(2), pp. 221–241
Pierre, J., and G. Stoker (2000). “The restructuring of British polity: towards multi-level governance,” in P. Dunleavy (ed.). Developments in British Politics. Macmillan, Basingstoke, pp. 29–46
Proctor, J. D. (1998). “The meaning of global environmental change: retheorizing culture in human dimensions research,” Global Environmental Change 8(3), pp. 227–248
Puchala, D. J. (1999). “Institutionalism, intergovernmentalism and European integration: a review article,” Journal of Common Market Studies 37(2), pp. 317–331
Querol, C., Å. Gerger, B. Kasemir, and D. Tàbara (1999). Citizens' Recommendations for Addressing Climate Change. A Participatory Integrated Assessment Exercise in Europe. ULYSSES WP-99-4. Center for Interdisciplinary Studies in Technology, Darmstadt University of Technology, Darmstadt
Raskin, P., C. Heaps, J. Sieber, and G. Pontius (1996). Polestar System Manual. Stockholm Environment Institute, Stockholm
Ravetz, J. R. (1971). Scientific Knowledge and its Social Problems. Oxford University Press, Oxford
Ravetz, J. R. (1994/5). “Economics as an elite folk-science: the suppression of uncertainty,” The Journal of Post-Keynesian Economics 17(2), pp. 165–184
Ravetz, J. R. (1997a). Integrated Environmental Assessment Forum: Developing Guidelines for ‘Good Practice’. ULYSSES WP-97–1. Center for Interdisciplinary Studies in Technology, Darmstadt University of Technology, Darmstadt
Ravetz, J. R. (1997b). “A leap into the unknown,” The Times Higher, 28 May. London
Ravetz, J. R. (1999). “Developing principles of good practice in Integrated Environmental Assessment,” International Journal of Environment and Pollution 11(3), pp. 1–23
Rayner, S. (1984). “Disagreeing about risk: the institutional cultures of risk management and planning for future generations,” in S. G. Hadden (ed.), Risk Analysis, Institution and Public Policy. Associated Faculty Press, Port Washington, WI, pp. 150–168
Rayner, S. (1991). “A cultural perspective on the structure and implementation of global environmental agreements,” Evaluation Review 15(1), pp. 75–102
Rayner, S. (1992). “Cultural theory and risk analysis,” in S. Krimsky and D. Golding (eds.). Social Theories of Risk, Praeger Publishers, Westport, CT, pp. 83–115
Read, D., Bostrom, A., Morgan, G. M., Fischhoff, B., and Smuts, T. (1994). “What do people know about global climate change? Part 2: Survey Studies of Educated Laypeople,” Risk Analysis 14(6), pp. 971–982
Renn, O., T. Webler, and P. Wiedemann (eds.) (1995). Fairness and Competence in Citizen Participation – Evaluating Models for Environmental Discourse. Kluwer Academic Publishers, London
Riesco Chueca, P. (1999). The Challenge of Climate Change for Water Technologies: An Institutional Perspective. Institute for Prospective Technological Studies, Seville
Risbey, J., Kandlikar, M., and Patwardhan, A. (1996). “Assessing Integrated Assessments,” Climatic Change 34(3–4), pp. 369–395
RIVM (2000). Baby-LOV (Leef Omgevings verkenner (English: “Environment Explorer”)), RIVM, Maastricht
Rosa, E. A. (1999). “The quest to understand society and nature: looking back, but mostly forward,” Society and Natural Resources 12, pp. 371–376
Rosa, E. A., and Dietz, T. (1998). “Climate change and society. Speculation, construction and scientific investigation,” International Sociology 13, pp. 421–455
Rosen, R. (1977). “Complexity as a system property,” International Journal of General Systems 3, pp. 227–232
Rosenau, J. N. (1992). “Governance, order and change in world politics,” in J. N. Rosenau and E.-O. Czenpiel (eds.). Governance without Government: Order and Change in World Politics. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 1–30
Rothman, D. S., and Robinson, J. B. (1997). “Growing pains: a conceptual framework for considering Integrated Assessment,” Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 46(1/2), pp. 23–43
Rotmans, J. (1990). IMAGE: An Integrated Model to Assess the Greenhouse Effect. Kluwer, Dordrecht
Rotmans, J. (1998). “Methods for IA: the challenges and opportunities ahead,” Environmental Modelling & Assessment 3, pp. 155–180
Rotmans, J., and B. de Vries (eds.) (1997). Perspectives on Global Change: The TARGETS Approach. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
Rotmans, J., and Asselt, M. B. A. (1996). “Integrated Assessment: a growing child on its way to maturity. An editorial essay,” Climatic Change 34(3–4), pp. 327–336
Rotmans, J., and Asselt, M. B. A. (1999). “Perspectives on a sustainable future,” International Journal of Sustainable Development 2(2), pp. 201–230
Rotmans, J., and M. B. A. van Asselt (2002). “Integrated Assessment: current practices and challenges for the future,” in H. Abaza and A. Baranzini (eds.), Implementing Sustainable Development: Integrated Assessment and Participatory Decision-Making Processes. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham (in press)
Rotmans, J., Asselt, M. B. A., Anastasi, C., Greeuw, S., Mellors, J., Peteres, S., Rothman, D., and Rijkens, N. (2000). “Visions for a sustainable Europe,” Futures 32, pp. 809–831
Rotmans, J., M. B. A. van Asselt, C. Anastasi, D. Rothman, S. Greeuw, and C. van Bers (2001). “Integrated visions for a sustainable Europe: VISIONS Final Report.” ICIS, Maastricht University, the Netherlands
Rotmans, J., et al. (1994). Global Change and Sustainable Development: A Modelling Perspective for the Next Decade. RIVM, Bilthoven
Rutherford, P. (1999). “The entry of life into history,” in É. Darier (ed.), Discourses of the Environment. Blackwell, Oxford, pp. 37–62
Schellnhuber, H.-J., and V. Wenzel (1998). Earth System Analysis: Integrating Science for Sustainability. Springer Verlag, New York
Schlumpf, C., Behringer, J., Dürrenberger, G., and Pahl-Wostl, C. (1999). “The personal CO2 calculator: a modeling tool for participatory Integrated Assessment methods,” Environmental Modeling and Assessment 4, pp. 1–12
Schlumpf, C., C. Pahl-Wostl, A. Schönborn, C. C. Jaeger, and D. M. Imboden (forthcoming). “IMPACTS: an information tool for citizens to assess climate change from a regional perspective.”
Schmidheiny, S., and F. Zorraquín (1996). Financing Change. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA
Schneider, S. H. (1997). “Integrated assessment modeling of global climate change: transparent rational tool for policy making or opaque screen hiding value-laden assumptions?Environmental Modeling and Assessment 2(4), pp. 229–249
Schneider, S. H., and Goulder, L. H. (1997). “Achieving low-cost emissions targets,” Nature 389, pp. 13–14
Schüle, R. (2001). Public Perceptions of Global Climate Change – A Case Study from the Frankfurt Area. Peter Lang, Frankfurt
Schüle, R., Y. Haffner, and A. Jordan (1998). The Presentation of IA-Models in Focus Groups: Draft Report. Technical University Darmstadt, Darmstadt
Schwarz, M., and M. Thompson (1990). Divided We Stand: Redefining Politics, Technology and Social Choice. Harvester Wheatsheaf, New York
Selman, P., and Parker, J. (1997). “Citizenship, civicness and social capital in Local Agenda 21,” Local Environment 2(2), pp. 171–184
Senge, P. (1990). The Fifth Discipline: The Art and Practice of the Learning Organization. Doubleday, New York
Shackley, S., and Darier, É. (1998). “Seduction of the sirens: global climate change and modelling,” Science and Public Policy 25(5), pp. 313–325
Shackley, S., and Skodvin, T. (1995). “IPCC Gazing and the interpretative social science. A comment on Sonja Boehmer-Christiansen's ‘Global climate protection policy: the limits of scientific advice’,” Global Environmental Change 5(3), pp. 175–180
Shackley, S., and Wynne, B. (1995). “Integrating knowledges for climate change. Pyramids, nets and uncertainties,” Global Environmental Change 5(2), pp. 113–126
Shackley, S., Darier, É., and Wynne, B. (1999). “Towards a ‘Folk Integrated Assessment’ of climate change?International Journal of Environment and Pollution 11(3), pp. 351–372
Shackley, S., Risbey, J., and Kandlikar, M. (1998). “Science and the contested problem of climate change: a tale of two models,” Energy and Environment 9(1), pp. 61–82
Shackley, S., Wynne, B., and Waterton, C. (1996). “Imagine complexity: the past, present and future potential of complex thinking,” Futures 28(3), pp. 201–255
Smelser, N. J. (1998). “The rational and the ambivalent in the Social Science,” American Sociological Review 63, pp. 1–16
Social Learning Group (ed.) (2001). Learning to Manage Global Environmental Risks, vol. 1: A Comparative History of Social Responses to Climate Change, Ozone Depletion and Acid Rain. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA
Stern, P. C. (1993). “A second environmental science: human–environment interactions,” Science 260, pp. 1897–1899
Stern, P. C., O. R. Young, and D. Druckman (1992). Global Environmental Change. Understanding the Human Dimensions. National Academy Press, Washington, DC
Stewart, D. W., and P. N. Shamdasani (1990). Focus Groups: Theory and Practice. Sage, Newbury Park, CA
Stockholm Environment Institute (1993). Towards a Fossil Fuel Energy Future: The Next Transition. A Technical Analysis for Greenpeace International. Greenpeace International
Stocks, J. (1998). Citizen Discussions of Computer Models in Global Climate Change Focus Groups. Working Paper. Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA
Stoll-Kleemann, S., O'Riordan, T., and Jaeger, C. C. (2001). “The psychology of denial concerning climate mitigation measures: evidence from Swiss focus groups,” Global Environmental Change 11 (2), pp. 107–117
Susskind, L., and P. Field (1996). Dealing with an Angry Public: The Mutual Gains Approach to Resolving Disputes. The Free Press, New York
Tàbara, D. (1998).“Citizen Participation and Equity in Global Environmental Change: The IA-Focus Group Process”. Paper presented to the fourth session on Lifestyles and Environment-Participation and Equity, “Lifestyles, Participation and Environment, Brussels, 16–17 March. European Commission
Tarnas, R. (1993). The Passion of the Western Mind: Understanding the Ideas that Have Shaped Our World View. Ballantine Books, New York
Thompson, M. (1998). “Three Visions of the Future”.Paper presented at the kick-off workshop of the VISION project, 6–7 May, Maastricht
Thompson, M., R. Ellis, and A. Wildavsky (1990). Cultural Theory. Westview Press, Boulder, CO
Thompson, M., and S. Rayner (1998). “Cultural discourses,” in S. Rayner and E. L. Malone (eds.), Human Choice and Climate Change: The Societal Framework. Battelle Press, Columbus, OH, pp. 265–343
Tol, R. S. J., N. van der Grijp, A. Olsthoorn, and P. van der Werff (1999). Adapting to Climate Change: A Case Study of Riverine Flood Risks in the Netherlands. Institute for Environmental Studies, Free University of Amsterdam
Tol, R. S. J., and Vellinga, P. (1998). “The European Forum on Integrated Environmental Assessment,” Environmental Modeling and Assessment 3, pp. 181–191
Toth, F., and Hizsnyik, E. (1998). “Integrated Environmental Assessment methods: evolution and applications,” Environmental Modeling and Assessment 3(3), pp. 193–207
Toth, F., B. Kasemir, and V. Masing (1998). Climate Policy as a Business Opportunity for Venture Capital in Europe. ULYSSES WP-98-2. Center for Interdisciplinary Studies in Technology, Darmstadt University of Technology, Darmstadt
Toth, F. L. (1986). Practicing the Future: Implementing “The Policy Exercise Concept.” WP-86-23, May. International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis
Toth, F. L. (1988a). “Policy exercises: objectives and design elements,” Simulation & Gaming 19(3), pp. 235–255
Toth, F. L. (1988b). “Policy exercises: procedures and implementation,” Simulation & Gaming 19(3), pp. 256–276
Toth, F. L. (1995). “Simulation/gaming for long-term policy problems,” in D. Crookall and K. Arai (eds.), Simulation and Gaming across Disciplines and Cultures: ISAGA at a Watershed. SAGE Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA, pp. 134– 142
Tucker, M. (1997). “Climate change and the insurance industry: the cost of increased risk and the impetus for action,” Ecological Economics 22, pp. 85–96
Tuxworth, B. (1996). “From environment to sustainability: surveys and analysis of Local Agenda 21 process development in UK local authorities,” Local Environment 1(3), pp. 277–297
UNDP (1997). Synergies in National Implementation: The Rio Agreements. Sustainable Energy and Environment Division, United Nations Development Programme, Geneva
Union of International Associations (ed.) (2001). Yearbook of International Organizations 2001/2002. K. G. Saur Verlag, Munich
UNEP (1997). “GEO 2 Regional Meeting of Collaborating Centers from Latin America and the Caribbean, Mexico City, Mexico, 6–9 May 1997.” UNEP/DEIA.MR/97.01, UNEP, Nairobi
UNEP, US NASA and The World Bank (1998). Protecting Our Planet – Securing Our Future. Linkages Among Global Environmental Issues and Human Needs. United Nations Environment Program, US National Aeronautics and Space Administration
UNITAR, and Consortium for North–South Dialogue on Climate Change (2001). Who Needs What to implement the Kyoto Protocol? An Assessment of Capacity Building Needs in 33 Developing Countries Report, Geneva
UNU, GEIC, and IAS (1998). Global Climate Governance: Interlinkages between the Kyoto Protocol and other Multilateral Regimes. United Nations University (UNU), UNU Institute of Advanced Studies (UNU/IAS), and the Global Environment Information Centre (GEIC). Global Environment Information Centre, Tokyo
UNU, MOFA Japan, MOE Japan, and GLOBE (2001). Inter-linkages: Strategies for Bridging Problems and Solutions to Work Towards Sustainable Development.World Summit for Sustainable Development International Eminent Persons Meeting, 3–4 September, United Nations University Centre, Tokyo, Japan (2001). United Nations University, Tokyo
van Asselt, M. B. A. (2000). Perspectives on Uncertainty and Risk: The PRIMA Approach to Decision Support. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht
Asselt, M. B. A., Beusen, A. H. W., and Hilderink, H. B. M. (1996). “Uncertainty in Integrated Assessment: a social scientific approach,” Environmental Modeling and Assessment 1(1,2), pp. 71–90
van Asselt, M. B. A., and S. C. H. Greeuw (1999). “VISIONS for the Green Heart,”Interim Report. ICIS, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
Asselt, M. B. A., and Rijkens-Klomp, N. (2002), “A look in the mirror: reflection on participation in Integrated Assessment from a methodological perspective.” Global Environmental Change 12(3), pp. 167–184
Asselt, M. B. A., and Rotmans, J. (1996). “Uncertainty in perspective,” Global Environmental Change 6(2), pp. 121–157
van Asselt, M. B. A., and J. Rotmans (1997). “Uncertainties in perspective,” in J. Rotmans and B. de Vries (eds.), Perspectives on Global Change: The TARGETS Approach. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 105–222
Asselt, M. B. A., and Rotmans, J. (2002). “Uncertainty in integrated assessment modelling: from positivism to pluralism,” Climatic Change 54, pp. 75–105
van der Sluijs, J., and J. Jäger (1998). “Towards a Typology for Computer Tools for Participatory Integrated Assessment.” Working Paper. University of Utrecht, Utrecht
van 't Klooster, S. A., M. B. A. van Asselt, and S. P. Koenis (2002). “Beyond the essential contestation: construction and deconstruction of regional identity.” Ethics, Place and Environment 5(5), in press
Viguier, L. (2001). “Fair trade and harmonization of climate change policies in Europe,” Energy Policy 29(10), pp. 749–753
Voisey, H., Beuermann, C., Sverdrup, A. L., and O'Riordan, T. (1996). “The political significance of Local Agenda 21: the early stages of some European experience,” Local Environment 1(1), pp. 33–50
von Weizsäcker, E., A. B. Lovins, and H. L. Lovins (1997). Factor Four: Doubling Wealth – Halving Resource Use: The New Report to the Club of Rome. Earthscan, London
Webb, J. W., and L. L. Sigal (1996). “SEA of an environmental restoration and waste management program, United States,” in R. Thérivel and M. R. Partidario (eds.), The Practice of Strategic Environmental Assessment. Earthscan, London, pp. 62–72
Webler, T., and O. Renn (1995). “A brief primer on participation: philosophy and practice,” in O. Renn, T. Webler, and P. Wiedemann (eds.), Fairness and Competence in Citizen Participation – Evaluating Models for Environmental Discourse. Kluwer Academic Publishers, London
Welford, R. (2000). “Deep change or slow death: what future for business?,” in R. Welford, (ed.), Corporate Environmental Management 3: Towards Sustainable Development. Earthscan, London, pp. 148–173
Welsch, H. (1996). “Recycling of carbon/energy taxes and the labor market.” Environmental and Resource Economics 8, pp. 141–155
Wenzler, R. W., and A. M. van't Noordende (1995). “A policy exercise for the Dutch power industry,” in D. Crookall and K. Arai (eds.), Simulation and Gaming across Disciplines and Cultures: ISAGA at a Watershed. Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA, pp. 143–150
Weyant, J., O. Davidson, H. Dowlatabadi, J. Edmonds, M. Grubb, E. A. Parson, R. Richels, J. Rotmans, P. R. Shukla, R. S. J. Tol, W. Cline, and S. Fankhauser (1996). “Integrated Assessment of climate change: an overview and comparison of approaches and results,” in J. Bruce, H. Lee, and E. Haites (eds.), Economic and Social Dimensions of Climate Change: Contribution of Working Group Ⅲ to the Second Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 367–396
Wigley, T. M. L., Richels, R., and Edmonds, J. A. (1996). “Economic and environmental choices in the stabilization of atmospheric CO2 concentrations,” Nature 379, pp. 240–243
Wilbanks, T. J., and Kates, R. W. (1999). “Global change in local places: how scale matters,” Climatic Change 43, pp. 601–628
Wittgenstein, L. (1958). Philosophical Investigations. Basil Blackwell, Oxford
World Energy Council (1993). Energy for Tomorrow's World. St. Martin's Press, New York
Wynne, B. (1984). “The institutional context of science, models, and policy: the IIASA Energy Study,” Policy Sciences 17(3), pp. 277–319
Wynne, B. (1992a). “Risk and social learning: reification to engagement,” in S. Krimsky and D. Golding (eds.), Social Theories of Risk. Praeger Publishers, Westport, CT, pp. 275–297
Wynne, B. (1992b). “Uncertainty and environmental learning. Reconceiving science and policy in the preventive paradigm,” Global Environmental Change 2, pp. 111–127
Wynne, B. (1995). “Public understanding of science,” in S. Jasanoff, G. Markle, J. Petersen, and T. Pinch (eds.), Handbook of Science and Technology Studies. Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA, pp. 361–388
Yin, Y., and Cohen, S. J. (1994). “Identifiying regional goals and policy concerns associated with global climate change,” Global Environmental Change 4(3), pp. 246–260
Young, S. C. (1996). Promoting Participation and Community-Based Partnerships in the Context of Local Agenda 21: A Report for Practitioners. Government Department and Manchester University, Manchester
Young, S. C. (1997). “Local Agenda 21: the renewal of local democracy?” in M. Jacobs (ed.), Greening the Millennium? The New Politics of the Environment. Blackwell, Oxford, pp. 138–147
Zacharakis, A. L., and Meyer, G. D. (1998). “A lack of insight: do venture capitalists really understand their own decision process?Journal of Business Venturing 13, pp. 57–76


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Book summary page views

Total views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between #date#. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed