Skip to main content Accessibility help
Queer Friendship
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Buy the print book

Book description

Friendship in the classical world was celebrated as among the highest human achievements: nothing was more likely to lead to the divine than looking for it in the eyes of a friend. In exploring the complexities of male-male relations beyond the simple labels of sexuality, Queer Friendship shows how love between men has a rich and varied history in English literature. The friend could offer a reflection of one's own worth and a celebration of a kind of mutuality that was not connected to family or home. These same-sex friendships are memorable because they give shape to the novels of which they are a part, and question the assumption that the love between friends is different from the love between lovers. Queer Friendship explores English literary friendship in three ways: the elegiac, the erotic, and the platonic, by considering a myriad of works, including Sterne's Tristram Shandy, Tennyson's 'In Memoriam A. H. H.', and Dickens' Great Expectations.


'The author makes substantive inquiry into the fluidity of male-male relations as depicted in such canonical novels as Tristram Shandy, Jacob’s Room, and Great Expectations, bringing to the fore the nature and worth of male friendship, its tether to shifting socioeconomic concerns throughout English history, its commentary on male sexuality, and its influence on readers’ interpretation of said texts.'

J. Neal - Governors State University, Illinois

Refine List

Actions for selected content:

Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.


  • Chapter 2 - Erotic Friendship
    pp 64-119
Ackerman, Susan. When Heroes Love: The Ambiguity of Eros in the Stories of Gilgamesh and David. New York: Columbia University Press, 2005.
Battestin, Martin C.Introduction,” in Amelia. Middletown: Wesleyan University Press, 1983. xvlxi.
Battestin, Martin C., with Battestin, Ruthe E.. Henry Fielding: A Life. New York: Routledge, 1989.
Bender, John. “Impersonal Violence: The Penetrating Gaze and the Field of Narration in Caleb Williams,” in Critical Reconstructions: The Relationship of Fiction and Life, ed. Polhemus, Robert M. and Hinkle, Roger B.. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1994. 111–26.
Bray, Alan. The Friend. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003.
Bray, Alan. “Homosexuality and the Signs of Male Friendship in Elizabethan England,” History Workshop Journal 29 (Spring 1990): 119; reprinted in Queering the Renaissance, ed. Jonathan Goldberg. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1994. 40–61.
Bree, Linda. “Introduction,” in Amelia. Peterborough, ONT: Broadview Press, 2010. 930.
Bristow, Joseph. Effeminate England: Homoerotic Writing after 1885. New York: Columbia University Press, 1995.
Brooks, Peter. Reading for the Plot: Design and Intention in Narrative. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1994. Reprinted Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2002.
Brown, Walter. Walter Scott and the Historical Imagination. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1979. 630.
Buckton, Oliver S.‘The Reader Whom I Love’: Homoerotic Secrets in David Copperfield,” ELH 64.1 (1997): 189222.
Campbell, Jill. Natural Masques: Gender and Identity in Fielding’s Plays and Novels. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1995.
Cantrell, Pamela. “Writing the Picture: Fielding, Smollett, and Hogarthian Pictorialism,” Studies in Eighteenth-Century Culture 24 (1995): 6889.
Castle, Terry. Masquerade and Civilization: The Carnvalesque in Eighteenth-Century English Culture and Fiction. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1987.
Chaterjee, Ranita, and Horan, Patrick M.. “Teaching the Homosocial in Godwin, Hogg, and Wilde,” in Approaches to Teaching Gothic Fiction, ed. Hoeveler, Diane Long and Heller, Tamar. New York: MLA, 2003. 127–32.
Cheyne, George. The English Malady, ed. Carlson, Eric. Delmar: Scholar’s Facsimiles and Reprints, 1976 [1733].
Childers, Joseph. “‘What do you play, boy?’: Violence, Masculinity, and ‘Beggaring your Neighbor’ in Great Expectations.” Unpublished manuscript.
Cicero, . “De Amicitia,” in Cicero, , De Senectute, De Amicitia, De Divinatione, trans. William Armisted Falconer. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1923. 103211.
Cohen, William A. Sex Scandal: The Private Parts of Victorian Fiction. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1996.
Corber, Robert. “Representing the ‘Unspeakable’: William Godwin and the Politics of Homophobia,” Journal of the History of Sexuality 1 (1990): 85101.
Craft, Christopher. Another Kind of Love: Male Homosexual Desire in English Discourse, 1850–1920. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.
Craft, Christopher. “‘Descend, Touch, and Enter’: Tennyson’s Strange Manner of Address,” in Another Kind of Love, Male Homosexual Desire in English Discourse 1850–1920. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994. 4470.
Cregan-Reid, Vybarr. “Bodies, Boundaries, and Queer Waters: Drowning and Prosopoeia in Later Dickens,” Critical Survey 17.2 (2005): 2033.
Daffron, Eric. “‘Magnetical Sympathy’: Strategies of Power and Resistance in Godwin’s Caleb Williams,” Criticism 37.2 (Spring 1995): 213–32.
D’Arcy, Julian Meldon. Subversive Scott: The Waverley Novels and Scottish Nationalism. Reykjavik: University of Iceland Press, 2005.
Das, Santanu. Touch and Intimacy in First World War Literature. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
Davidson, James. The Greeks and Greek Love: A Bold New Exploration of the Ancient World. New York: Random House, 2007.
Day, Robert Adams. “Sex, Scatology, Smollett,” in Sexuality in Eighteenth-Century Britain, ed. Boucé, Paul-Gabriel. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1982. 225–43.
Deleuze, Gilles, and Guattari, Félix. Anti Oedipus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia, trans. Robert Hurley. New York: Penguin, 2009.
Dellamora, Richard. Friendship’s Bonds: Democracy and the Novel in Victorian England. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2004.
Derrida, Jacques. The Politics of Friendship, trans. George Collins. New York: Verso, 2005.
Dickens, Charles. Great Expectations. London: Penguin, 1996 [1860–1].
Dowling, Linda. Hellenism and Homosexuality in Victorian Oxford. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1994.
Edelman, Lee. Homographisis: Essays in Gay Literary and Cultural Theory. New York: Routledge, 1994.
Edelman, Lee. No Future: Queer Theory and the Death Drive. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2004.
Ellis, Havelock. Sexual Inversion. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: F. A. Davis, 1931.
Felman, Shoshona. The Literary Speech Act: Don Juan with J. L. Austin, or Seduction in Two Languages, trans. Catherine Porter. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1983.
Ferris, Ina. The Achievement of Literary Authority: Gender, History, and the Waverley Novels. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1991.
Fielding, Henry. Amelia, ed. Battestin, Martin C.. Middletown: Wesleyan University Press, 1983 [1751].
Forster, E. M. The Longest Journey, ed. Heine, Elizabeth. London: Penguin, 2006 [1907].
Forster, E. M. Maurice. New York: Norton, 1993.
Forster, E. M. Maurice, ed. Leavitt, David. London: Penguin, 2005 [1971].
Fothergill, Brian. The Strawberry Hill Set: Horace Walpole and his Circle. London: Faber, 1983.
Frankel, Nicholas. The Picture of Dorian Gray: An Annotated, Uncensored Edition. New York: Belknap Press, 2011.
Freccero, Carla. “Queer Spectrality: Haunting the Past,” in A Companion to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Studies, ed. Haggerty, George E. and McGarry, Molly. Oxford: Blackwell, 2007. 194213.
Furneaux, Holly. Queer Dickens: Erotics, Families, Masculinities. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.
Gay Sunshine Interviews. Ed. Leyland, Winston. San Francisco: Gay Sunshine Press, 1978.
Gilbert, Sandra M., and Gubar, Susan. The Madwoman in the Attic: The Woman Writer and the Nineteenth-Century Literary Imagination. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1979.
Godwin, William. Caleb Williams, ed. Handwerk, Gary and Markley, A. A.. Peterborough, ONT: Broadview, 2000 [1794].
Gold, Jr., Alex. “It’s Only Love: The Politics of Passion in Godwin’s Caleb Williams, Texas Studies in Language and Literature 19 (1977): 135–60.
Goldberg, Jonathan. Sodometries: Renaissance Texts, Modern Sexualities. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 1992.
Gray, Erik. “Introduction,” in In Memoriam. New York: Norton, 2004. xixxvii.
Gray, Thomas. “Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard,” in Poems by Mr. Gray: A New Edition. London: J. Dodsley, 1768. 109–20.
Haggerty, George E.Amelia’s Nose; or, Sensibility and Its Symptoms,” The Eighteenth Century: Theory and Interpretation 36 (1995): 139–56.
Haggerty, George E.Desire and Mourning: The Ideology of the Elegy,” in Ideology and Form, ed. Richter, David. Lubbock: Texas Tech University Press, 1999. 184206.
Haggerty, George E. Horace Walpole’s Letters. Lewisburg: Bucknell University Press, 2011.
Haggerty, George E. Men in Love: Masculinity and Sexuality in the Eighteenth Century. New York: Columbia University Press, 1999.
Haggerty, George E. Unnatural Affections: Women and Fiction in the Later Eighteenth Century. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1998.
Hallam, Arthur. “Essay on Cicero.” Quoted in Ricks, Christopher, “In Memoriam, 1850,” in Tennyson, 2nd ed. London and Berkeley: Macmillan and University of California Press, 1989. 201–18.
Halperin, David M. How to do the History of Homosexuality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002.
Halperin, David M. One Hundred Years of Homosexuality and Other Essays on Greek Love. New York: Routledge, 1989.
Hammond, Dorothy, and Jablow, Alta. “Gilgamesh and the Sundance Kid: The Myth of Male Friendship,” in The Making of Masculinities: The New Men’s Studies, ed. Brod, Harry. Boston: Allen & Unwin, 1987. 241–58.
Handwerk, Gary. “Of Caleb’s Guilt and Godwin’s Truth: Ideology and Ethics in Caleb Williams,” ELH 60 (1993): 939–60.
Heine, Elizabeth. “Editor’s Introduction,” in E. M. Forster, The Longest Journey, Vol. 2, Abinger edition. London: Edward Arnold, 1984. viilxv.
Heine, Elizabeth. “Afterword,” in E. M. Forster, The Longest Journey. London: Penguin, 2006. 291349.
Hodges, Devon. “Frankenstein and the Feminine Subversion of the Novel,” Tulsa Studies in Women’s Literature 2.2 (Fall 1983): 155–64.
Hook, Andrew. “Introduction,” in Waverley; Or Sixty Years Since. London: Penguin, 1988. 927.
Hornback, Bert G. Great Expectations: A Novel of Friendship. Boston: Twayne, 1987.
Isherwood, Christopher. A Single Man. Minneapolis: Minnesota University Press, 2001 [1964].
Janes, Dominic. Visions of Queer Martyrdom, from John Henry Newman to Derek Jarman. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2015.
Jeffreys, Peter. Eastern Questions: Hellenism and Orientalism in the Writings of E. M. Forster and C. P. Cavafy. Greensboro: ELT Press, 2005.
Johnson, Barbara. “My Monster/ My Self,” in The Barbara Johnson Reader: The Surprise of Otherness, ed. Fruerstein, Melissa, González, Bill Johnson, Porten, Lili, and Valens, Keja. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2014. 179–90.
Kaplan, Carola M.Absent Father, Passive Son: The Dilemma of Rickie Elliot in The Longest Journey” in E. M. Forster, ed. Jeremy Tambling. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1995. 5166.
Kiely, Robert. The Romantic Novel in England. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1972.
King, Ross. “Tristram Shandy and the Wound of Language,” in Laurence Sterne’s Tristram Shandy: A Casebook, ed. Keymer, Thomas. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006. 123–46.
King, Thomas. The Gendering of Men, 1600–1750. 2 vols. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2004, 2008.
Kristeva, Julia. Black Sun: Depression and Melancholia, trans. Roudiez, Leon S.. New York: Columbia University Press, 1989.
Kristeva, Julia. Powers of Horror: An Essay on Abjection. New York: Columbia University Press, 1982.
Lamb, Charles. “Sterne’s Use of Montaigne,” Clio 32.1 (Winter 1980): 141.
Lamont, Claire. “Introduction,” in Sir Walter Scott, Waverley. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998 [1986].
Lawler, Donald L.Keys to the Upstairs Room: A Centennial Essay on Allegorical Performance in Dorian Gray,” in The Picture of Dorian Gray, ed. Lawler, Donald L.. New York: Norton, 1988. 431–57.
Lawlor, Claire. “Consuming Time: Narrative and Disease in Tristram Shandy,” in Laurence Sterne’s Tristram Shandy: A Casebook, ed. Keymer, Thomas. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006. 147–67.
Leavitt, David. “Introduction,” in E. M. Forster, Maurice. London: Penguin, 2005. xixxxvi.
Levy, Paul. Moore: G. E. Moore and the Cambridge Apostles. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1979.
London, Bette. “Mary Shelley, Frankenstein, and the Spectacle of Masculinity,” PMLA 108.2 (March 1993): 253–65; reprinted in the Norton Critical Edition of Frankenstein, ed. Paul Hunter. New York: Norton, 2012. 391–403.
Lumsden, Alison. Sir Walter Scott and the Limits of Language. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2010.
Markley, Robert. “Sentimentality as Performance: Shaftesbury, Sterne, and the Theatrics of Virtue,” in The New Eighteenth Century, ed. Nussbaum, Felicity and Brown, Laura. New York: Routledge, 1987. 210–30.
McFarlane, Cameron. The Sodomite in Fiction and Satire, 1660–1750. New York: Columbia University Press, 1997.
McKenna, Neil. Oscar Wilde: An Intimate Biography. New York: Basic Books, 2011.
Mellor, Anne K.Possessing Nature: The Female in Frankenstein,” in the Norton Critical Edition of Frankenstein, ed. Hunter, Paul. New York: Norton, 2012. 355–68.
Miller, Jacqueline T.The Imperfect Tale: Articulation, Rhetoric, and Self in Caleb Williams,” Criticism 20 (1978): 366–82.
Miracky, James. Regenerating the Novel: Gender and Genre in Woolf, Lawrence, Forster, Sinclair, and Lawrence. New York: Routledge, 2003.
Miyoshi, Misao. The Divided Self: A Perspective on the Literature of the Victorians. New York: New York University Press, 1969.
Moffat, Wendy. A Great Unrecorded Life: A New Life of E. M. Forster. London: Picador, 2011.
Montaigne, Michel de. “On Affectionate Relationships,” in The Complete Essays, ed. and trans. Screech, M. A.. London: Penguin, 2003. 205–27.
Moon, Michael. “Memorial Rags,” in Professions of Desire, ed. Haggerty, George E. and Zimmerman, Bonnie. New York: MLA, 1995. 233–40.
Moore, G. E. Principia Ethica. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000 [1903].
Mowl, Timothy. Horace Walpole: The Great Outsider. London: John Murray, 1996.
Mullan, John. Sentiment and Sociability: The Language of Feeling in the Eighteenth Century. Oxford: Clarendon, 1988.
Nunokawa, Jeff. “In Memoriam and the Extinction of the Homosexual,” English Literary History 58.2 (1991): 427–38.
Phillips, Jerry. “Narrative, Adventure, and Schizophrenia: From Smollett’s Roderick Random to Melville’s Omoo,” Journal of Narrative Theory 25.2 (1995): 177201.
Plato, . Phraedus. The Dialogues of Plato in Four Volumes, trans. Benjamin Jowett. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1892.
Plato, . Plato: Complete Works, trans. Stanley Lombardo, ed. Cooper, John M.. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1997.
Plato, . Symposium, trans. Alexander Nehamas and Paul Woodruff. In Plato: Complete Works, ed. Cooper, John M.. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1997. 457505.
Potkay, Adam. “Liberty and Necessity in Fielding’s Amelia,” The Eighteenth-Century Novel 6–7 (2009): 335–58.
Rahman, Tariq. “Alienation and Homosexuality in E. M. Forster’s The Longest Journey,” The Literary Half-Yearly 27.1 (1986): 4465.
Rajan, Tilottama. “Judging Justice: Godwin’s Critique of Judgment in Caleb Williams and Other Novels,” The Eighteenth Century 51 (2010): 341–62.
Rajan, Tilottama. “Wollstonecraft and Godwin: Reading the Secrets of the Political Novel,” Studies in Romanticism 27 (1988): 221–51.
Raschke, Deborah. “Breaking the Engagement with Philosophy: Re-envisioning Hetero/Homo Relations in Maurice,” in Queer Forster, ed. Martin, Robert K. and Piggford, George. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997. 151–65.
Raschke, Deborah. “Re-Envisioning the Platonic Ideal: Forster’s Passage to India and Maurice,” in Modernism, Metaphysics, and Sexuality. Selinsgrove: Susquehanna University Press, 2006. 102–27.
Regan, Tim. Bloomsbury’s Prophet: G. E. Moore and the Development of His Moral Philosophy. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1986.
Ricks, Christopher. “In Memoriam, 1850,” in Tennyson, 2nd ed. London and Berkeley: Macmillan and University of California Press, 1989. 201–18.
Rizzo, Betty. Companions Without Vows: Relations Among Eighteenth-Century British Women. Athens, GA: University of Georgia, 1994.
Rogers, Pat. “Introduction,” in Platonism and the English Imagination, ed. Baldwin, Anna and Hutton, Sarah. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994. 181–5.
Ross, Ian Campbell. Laurence Sterne: A Life. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.
Rousseau, G. S.The Pursuit of Homosexuality in the Eighteenth Century: ‘Utterly Confused Category’ and/or Rich Repository?Eighteenth-Century Life 9 (1985): 132–68.
Sabor, Peter. “Amelia,” in The Cambridge Companion to Henry Fielding, ed. Rawson, Claude. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007. 94108.
Sacks, Peter M. The English Elegy: Studies in the Genre from Spenser to Yeats. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1985.
Schweitzer, Ivy. Perfecting Friendship: Politics and Affiliation in Early American Literature. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2006.
Scott, Sir Walter. Waverley; Or Sixty Years Since. London: Penguin, 1988 [1814].
Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky. Between Men: English Literature and Male Homosocial Desire. New York: Columbia University Press, 1985.
Shaftesbury, Lord. Characteristics of Men, Manners, Opinions, Times, ed. Klein, Lawrence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.
Shakespeare, William. William Shakespeare: Complete Sonnets and Poems. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.
Shannon, Laurie. Sovereign Amity: Figures of Friendship in Shakespearean Contexts. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002.
Shaw, W. David. Elegy and Paradox: Testing the Conventions. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994.
Shelley, Mary. Frankenstein, or The Modern Prometheus. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1980 [1819].
Shelley, Mary. Introduction to the 1831 edition of Frankenstein, reprinted in the Norton Critical Edition of Frankenstein, ed. Hunter, Paul. New York: Norton, 2012. 165–9.
Shelley, Percy Bysshe. Epipsychidion, in Shelley’s Poetry and Prose, ed. Reiman, Donald A. and Fraisat, Neil. New York: Norton, 2002 [1821]. 390407.
A Single Man. Directed by Ford, Tom. 2009. Culver City, CA: Sony Pictures Studios, 2010. DVD.
Smith, Adam. The Theory of Moral Sentiments. New York: Augustus M. Kelley, 1966 [1759].
Smith, Ruth. “Love Between Men in Jennens’ and Handel’s Saul,” in Queer People: Negotations and Expressions of Homosexuality, 1700–1800, ed. Mounsey, Chris and Gonda, Caroline. Lewisburg: Bucknell University Press, 2007. 226–45.
Smollett, Tobias. The Adventures of Roderick Random, ed. Boucé, Paul-Gabriel. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1981 [1748].
Staves, Susan. “Kind Words for the Fop,” Studies in English Literature 22 (1982): 413–28.
Sterne, Laurence. Tristram Shandy. Ed. New, Melvyn and New, Joan. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1978.
Sterne, Laurence. A Sentimental Journey. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.
Stockton, Kathryn. The Queer Child: Or Growing Sideways in the Twentieth Century. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2009.
Sullivan, Andrew. Love Undetected: Notes on Friendship, Sex, and Survival. New York: Vintage, 1999.
Summers, Claude J. E. M. Forster. New York: Macmillan, 1983.
Summers, Claude J.‘The Waters of the Pool’: Christopher Isherwood’s A Single Man,” in Gay Fictions Wilde to Stonewall. New York: Continuum, 1990. 195214.
Symonds, John Addington. The Memoirs of John Addington Symonds: The Secret Homosexual Life of a Leading Nineteenth-Century Man of Letters, ed. Grosskurth, Phyllis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986.
Symonds, John Addington. A Problem in Greek Ethics, Being an Inquiry into the Phenomenon of Sexual Inversion: Addressed Especially to Medical Psychologists and Jurists. London, 1901.
Tennyson, Alfred, Lord. In Memoriam, the Norton Critical Edition, ed. Gray, Erik. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2004.
Thompson, James. “Surveillance in William Godwin’s Caleb Williams,” in Gothic Fictions: Prohibition/Transgression, ed. Graham, Kenneth. New York: AMS Press, 1989. 173–98.
Trotter, David. “Introduction,” in Great Expectations. London: Penguin, 1996. viixx.
Turley, Hans. Rum, Sodomy, and the Lash: Piracy, Sexuality, and Masculine Identity. New York: New York University Press, 2001.
Veeder, William. Mary Shelley & Frankenstein: The Fate of Androgyny. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986.
Voogd, Peter J. de. “Tristram Shandy as Aesthetic Object,” in Laurence Sterne’s Tristram Shandy: A Casebook, ed. Keymer, Thomas. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006. 108–19.
Wall, Kathleen. “Significant Form in Jacob’s Room: Ekphrasis and the Elegy,” Texas Studies in Literature and Language 44.3 (2002): 302–23. Reprinted in the Norton Critical Edition of Jacob’s Room, ed. Suzanne Raitt. New York: Norton, 2007. 281–302.
Wallace, Miriam L.Duplicitous Subjects and the Tyranny of Ideology: Godwin’s Things As They Are; or Caleb Williams (1794) and Fenwick’s Secresy (1795),” in Revolutionary Subjects in the English “Jacobin Novel.” Lewisburg: Bucknell University Press, 2009. 3660.
Welsh, Alexander. The Hero of the Waverley Novels, with New Essays on Scott. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992.
Wilde, Oscar. The Picture of Dorian Gray, the Norton Critical Edition, ed. Lawler, Donald L.. New York: Norton, 1988.
Wilt, Judith. Secret Leaves: The Novels of Sir Walter Scott. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985.
Wolf, Amy. “Bernard Mandeville, Henry Fielding’s Amelia, and the Necessities of Plot,” The Eighteenth-Century Novel 6–7 (2009): 73102.
Woolf, Virginia. Jacob’s Room. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008 [1922].
Zieger, Susan. “Dickens’s Queer Children,” Literature Interpretation Theory 20.1–2 (2009): 141–57.
Žižek, Slavoj. The Sublime Object of Ideology. New York: Verso, 1989.
Zwerdling, Alex. “Jacob’s Room: Woolf’s Satiric Elegy,” ELH 48 (1981): 894913. Reprinted in the Norton Critical Edition of Jacob’s Room, ed. Suzanne Raitt. New York: Norton, 2007. 244–63.


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Book summary page views

Total views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between #date#. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed