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Risk Inequality and Welfare States
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    KEVINS, ANTHONY HORN, ALEXANDER JENSEN, CARSTEN and VAN KERSBERGEN, KEES 2019. The Illusion of Class in Welfare State Politics?. Journal of Social Policy, Vol. 48, Issue. 1, p. 21.

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    Kwon, Hyeok Yong 2018. Government Partisanship and Electoral Accountability: The Effect of Perceived Employment Situation on Partisan Vote Switching. Political Research Quarterly, p. 106591291880489.

    WEHL, NADJA 2018. The (ir)relevance of unemployment for labour market policy attitudes and welfare state attitudes. European Journal of Political Research,

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    Schwander, Hanna 2016. Welfare State Transformations and Inequality in OECD Countries. p. 185.

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    Risk Inequality and Welfare States
    • Online ISBN: 9781316257777
    • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781316257777
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Book description

The transformation of night-watchman states into welfare states is one of the most notable societal developments in recent history. In 1880, not a single country had a nationally compulsory social policy program. A few decades later, every single one of today's rich democracies had adopted programs covering all or almost all of the main risks people face: old age, sickness, accident, and unemployment. These programs rapidly expanded in terms of range, reach, and resources. Today, all rich democracies cover all main risks for a vast majority of citizens, with binding public or mandatory private programs. Three aspects of this remarkable transformation are particularly fascinating: the trend (the transformation to insurance states happened in all rich democracies); differences across countries (the generosity of social policy varies greatly across countries); and the dynamics of the process. This book offers a theory that not only explains this remarkable transition but also explains cross-national differences and the role of crises for social policy development.

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