Skip to main content
×
×
Home
Sharī'a
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 65
  • Cited by
    This book has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Mednicoff, David 2019. Global Governance and Muslim Organizations. p. 105.

    Belal, Youssef 2018. Islamic Law, Truth, Ethics. Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East, Vol. 38, Issue. 1, p. 107.

    Katzir, Brandon 2018. Paths of Virtue: Legal Rhetorics in Judaism and Islam. Rhetoric Society Quarterly, Vol. 48, Issue. 1, p. 28.

    TÜRKBAĞ, Ahmet Ulvi 2018. With a Representative Example the Roles of Reason and Emotion in Western and Islamic Legal Systems. Kaygı. Uludağ Üniversitesi Fen-Edebiyat Fakültesi Felsefe Dergisi,

    Abdullah, Walid Jumblatt 2018. Inclusion-moderation or political opportunity? Lessons from the case of Parti Islam Se-Malaysia (Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party, PAS). Commonwealth & Comparative Politics, Vol. 56, Issue. 4, p. 407.

    Sachs, Jeffrey Adam 2018. Seeing Like an Islamic State: Shari‘a and Political Power in Sudan. Law & Society Review, Vol. 52, Issue. 3, p. 630.

    Doe, Norman 2018. Comparative Religious Law.

    Moustafa, Tamir and Sachs, Jeffrey Adam 2018. Law and Society Review Special Issue Introduction: Islamic Law, Society, and the State. Law & Society Review, Vol. 52, Issue. 3, p. 560.

    Chaudhry, Faisal 2018. Property and Its Rule (in Late Indo-Islamicate and Early Colonial) South Asia: What’s in a Name?. Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, Vol. 61, Issue. 5-6, p. 920.

    Ferrero, Mario 2018. Why the Arab Spring turned Islamic: the political economy of Islam. Constitutional Political Economy, Vol. 29, Issue. 2, p. 230.

    Reda, Nevin 2018. What Is Islam? The Importance of Being Islamic in Christian Theological Schools. Islam and Christian–Muslim Relations, Vol. 29, Issue. 3, p. 309.

    Adamson, Peter and Di Giovanni, Matteo 2018. Interpreting Averroes.

    Reda, Nevin 2018. Muslim Studies at Emmanuel College: The Opportunities and Challenges of Intercultural Pedagogies and Emerging Epistemologies. The Muslim World, Vol. 108, Issue. 2, p. 218.

    Young, Walter Edward 2017. The Dialectical Forge. Vol. 9, Issue. , p. 491.

    Pisani, Elizabeth and Buehler, Michael 2017. Why do Indonesian politicians promoteshari’alaws? An analytic framework for Muslim-majority democracies. Third World Quarterly, Vol. 38, Issue. 3, p. 734.

    Shabana, Ayman 2017. Empowerment of Women Between Law and Science. Hawwa, Vol. 15, Issue. 1-2, p. 193.

    Nekroumi, Mouhammad 2017. Freiheit der Forschung und Lehre?. p. 31.

    Young, Walter Edward 2017. The Dialectical Forge. Vol. 9, Issue. , p. 19.

    Young, Walter Edward 2017. The Dialectical Forge. Vol. 9, Issue. , p. 379.

    Awass, Omer 2017. Sharia Dynamics. p. 31.

    ×

Book description

In recent years, Islamic law, or Shari'a, has been appropriated as a tool of modernity in the Muslim world and in the West and has become highly politicised in consequence. Wael Hallaq's magisterial overview of Shari'a sets the record straight by examining the doctrines and practices of Islamic law within the context of its history, and by showing how it functioned within pre-modern Islamic societies as a moral imperative. In so doing, Hallaq takes the reader on an epic journey tracing the history of Islamic law from its beginnings in seventh-century Arabia, through its development and transformation under the Ottomans, and across lands as diverse as India, Africa and South-East Asia, to the present. In a remarkably fluent narrative, the author unravels the complexities of his subject to reveal a love and deep knowledge of the law which will inform, engage and challenge the reader.

Reviews

'This masterpiece, to which Wael Hallaq brings the full force of his unparalleled knowledge of the Shari`a … supplies a riveting account of the history of Islamic legal institutions and doctrines, as well as the lived experience of the law. His discussions … mark the coming to full fruition of a new and compelling paradigm in Islamic legal studies. This book promises to be the seminal work in the field for many years to come.'

Judith E. Tucker - Professor of History and Director, Academic Programs in Arab Studies, Georgetown University

'A work of deep learning and great theoretical sophistication, yet highly accessible, this book offers an unrivaled introduction to the Islamic legal tradition. The moral underpinnings of the law have never before been highlighted more clearly or in such varied social and political contexts. Hallaq’s portrayal of how the Shari`a has come to be imagined in the modern world and the transformative impact of the nation-state on all facets of Islamic law brings new perspectives to the study of colonial and post-colonial societies, Muslim politics, and modern Islamic thought.'

Muhammad Qasim Zaman - author of The Ulama in Contemporary Islam

Refine List
Actions for selected content:
Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive
  • Send content to

    To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to .

    To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

    Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

    Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

    Please be advised that item(s) you selected are not available.
    You are about to send
    ×

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
×
Bibliography
SOURCES IN ARABIC
ʿAbduh, Muḥammad, Taqrīr fī Iṣlāḥ al-Maḥākim al-Sharʿiyya (Cairo: Maṭbaʿat al-Manār, 1317/1900).
Aḥmadnagarī, ʿAbd al-Nabī b. Aḥmad, Jāmiʿ al-ʿUlūm fī Iṣṭilāḥāt al-Funūn, al-Mulaqqab bi-Dustūr al-ʿUlamāʾ, 4 vols. (repr.; Beirut: Muʾassasat al-Aʿlamī lil-Maṭbūʿāt, 1975).
ʿAlamī, ʿĪsā b. ʿAlī, Kitāb al-Nawāzil, 3 vols. (Rabat: Wizārat al-Awqāf wal-Shuʾūn al-Islāmiyya, 1983).
ʿAlī, Jawād, al-Mufaṣṣal fī Tārīkh al-ʿArab qabl al-Islām, 10 vols. (Beirut: Dār al-ʿIlm lil-Malāyīn, 1970–76).
ʿĀmilī, Muḥammad b. Ḥasan al-Ḥurr, Wasāʾil al-Shīʿa ilā Taḥṣīl Masāʾil al-Sharīʿa, 20 vols. (Beirut: Muʾassasat al-Aʿlamī lil-Maṭbūʿāt, 1427/2007).
ʿAshmāwī, Muḥammad Saʿīd, Uṣūl al-Sharīʿa (Beirut: Dār Iqraʾ, 1983).
ʿAsqalānī, Ibn Ḥajar, Bulūgh al-Marām min Adillat al-Aḥkām, ed. Kutubī, Muḥammad Amīn (Beirut: Dār al-Rāʾid al-ʿArabī, 1407/1987).
ʿAsqalānī, Ibn Ḥajar, Rafʿ al-Iṣr ʿan Quḍāt Miṣr, printed with Kindī, Akhbār Quḍāt Miṣr, ed. Guest, R. (Cairo: Muʾassasat Qurṭuba, n.d.); French trans., Mathieu, Tillier, Vies des Cadis de Miṣr (Cairo: Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale, 2002).
Astarābādī, Muḥammad Amīn, al-Fawāʾid al-Madaniyya (n.p.: Dār al-Nashr li-Ahl al-Bayt, 1984).
ʿAynī, Abū Muḥammad Maḥmūd b. Aḥmad,al-Bināya fī Sharḥ al-Hidāya, ed. ʿUmar, Muḥammad, 12 vols. (Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1990).
Azharī, Abū Manṣūr, al-Zāhir fī Gharīb Alfāẓ al-Shāfiʿī, published as vol. I of Māwardī's al-Ḥāwī al-Kabīr (Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1414/1994).
Bāʿalawī, ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. Muḥammad, Bughyat al-Mustarshidīn fī Talkhīṣ Fatāwā baʿḍ al-Aʾimma min al-ʿUlamāʾ al-Mutaʾakhkhirīn (Cairo: Muṣṭafā Bābī al-Ḥalabī, 1952).
Baghdādī, Ibn Ghānim b. Muḥammad, Majmaʿ al-Ḍamānāt (Cairo: al-Maṭbaʿa al-Khayriyya, 1308/1890).
Baghdādī, al-Khaṭīb, Tārīkh Baghdād, 14 vols. (Cairo: Maṭbaʿat al-Saʿāda, 1931).
Bājī, Abū al-Walīd, Iḥkām al-Fuṣūl fī Aḥkām al-Uṣūl, ed. Turkī, ʿAbd al-Majīd (Beirut: Dār al-Gharb al-Islāmī, 1986).
Baṣrī, Abū al-Ḥusayn, al-Muʿtamad fī Uṣūl al-Fiqh, ed. Hamidullah, Muhammadet al., 2 vols. (Damascus: Institut Français, 1964–65).
Bāz, Salīm Rustum, Sharḥ al-Majalla, 2 vols. (repr.; Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1305/1887).
Bishrī, Ṭāriq, al-Qaḍāʾ al-Miṣrī bayn al-Istiqlāl wal-Iḥtiwāʾ (Cairo: Maktabat al-Shurūq al-Duwaliyya, 1427/2006).
Bishrī, Ṭāriq, al-Waḍʿ al-Qānūnī al-Muʿāṣir bayna al-Sharīʿa al-Islāmiyya wal-Qānūn al-Waḍʿī (Cairo: Dār al-Shurūq, 1417/1996).
Buhūtī, Manṣūr b. Yūnus b. Idrīs, Kashshāf al-Qināʿ ʿan Matn al-Iqnāʿ, ed. ʿAdnān Darwīsh, Muḥammad, 6 vols. (Beirut: Dār Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth al-ʿArabī, 1999–2000).
Buhūtī, Manṣūr b. Yūnus b. Idrīs, al-Rawḍ al-Murbiʿ bi-Sharḥ Zād al-Mustaqniʿ (Beirut: Dār al-Jīl, 1997).
Buhūtī, Manṣūr b. Yūnus b. Idrīs, Sharḥ Muntahā al-Irādāt, al-Musammā Daqāʾiq Ūlī al-Nuhā li-Sharḥ al-Muntahā, 3 vols. (Cairo?: n.p., n.d.).
Būṭī, Muḥammad Saʿīd Ramaḍān, Ḍawābiṭ al-Maṣlaḥa fī al-Sharīʿa al-Islāmiyya (Damascus: al-Maktaba al-Umawiyya, 1966–67).
Būṭī, Muḥammad Saʿīd Ramaḍān, see also under Marzūqī.
Dhahabī, Shams al-Dīn, Siyar Aʿlām al-Nubalāʾ, ed. Maʿrūf, B. and Sarḥān, M. H., 23 vols. (Beirut: Muʾassasat al-Risāla, 1986).
Dimashqī, Abū Zurʿa, Tārīkh Abī Zurʿa al-Dimashqī, ed. Shukr, Allāh b. Niʿmat Allāh al-Qawjānī (n.p., 1970).
Faraj, Muḥammad ʿAbd al-Salām, al-Farīḍa al-Ghāʾiba, trans. in part by Jansen, J. G., The Neglected Duty: The Creed of Sadat's Assassins and Islamic Resurgence in the Middle East (New York: Macmillan, 1986).
Faraj, Muḥammad ʿAbd al-Salām, al-Jihād: al-Farīḍa al-Ghāʾiba (n.p., n.d.).
al-Fatāwā al-Hindiyya, compiled by al-Shaykh al-Niẓām et al., 6 vols. (repr.; Beirut: Dār Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth al-ʿArabī, 1400/1980).
Ghaṣūb, ʿAbduh Jamīl, “al-Qawānīn al-Waḍʿiyya al-Faransiyya wal-Sharīʿa al-Islāmiyya: Taqārub wa-Tabāʿud,” in Māʾatay ʿm ʿalā Iṣdār al-Taqnīn al-Madanī al-Faransī, 1804–2004 (Beirut: Manshūrāt al-Ḥalabī al-Ḥuqūqiyya, 2005): 17–48.
Ghazālī, Abū Ḥāmid Muḥammad b. Muḥammad, Iḥyāʾ ʿUlūm al-Dīn, 5 vols. (Aleppo: Dār al-Waʿy, 1425/2004).
Ghazālī, Abū Ḥamīd Muḥammad b. Muḥammad, al-Mankhūl min Taʿlīqāt al-Uṣūl, ed. Ḥasan Haytū, Muḥammad (Damascus: Dār al-Fikr, 1980).
Ghazālī, Abū Ḥamīd Muḥammad b. Muḥammad, Mukhtaṣar Iḥyāʾ ʿUlūm al-Dīn, al-Musammā Lubāb al-Iḥyāʾ, ed. Bayrūtī, Maḥmūd (Damascus: Dār al-Bayrūtī, 1428/2007).
Ghazālī, Abū Ḥamīd Muḥammad b. Muḥammad, al-Mustaṣfā fī ʿIlm al-Uṣūl, ed. ʿAbd al-Shakūr, al-Shaykh Muḥibb Allāh b. (Būlāq: al-Maṭbaʿa al-Amīriyya, 1322/1904).
Ghazālī, Abū Ḥamīd Muḥammad b. Muḥammad, al-Wasīṭ fī al-Madhhab, ed. ʿAmr al-Ḥusaynī, Abū, 4 vols. (Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1422/2001).
Ḥalabī, Ibrāhīm b. Muḥammad, Multaqā al-Abḥūr, ed. al-Albānī, Wahbī, 2 vols. (Beirut: Muʾassasat al-Risāla, 1409/1989).
Ḥasanī, ʿAbd al-Ḥayy, Tahdhīb al-Akhlāq, ed. al-Ghawrī, ʿAbd al-Mājid (Damascus: Dār al-Fārābī, 1423/2002).
Ḥaṭṭāb, Muḥammad b. Muḥammad, Mawāhib al-Jalīl li-Sharḥ Mukhtaṣar Khalīl, 6 vols. (repr.; Beirut?: Dār al-Fikr, 1412/1992).
Ḥaydar, ʿAlī, Durar al-Ḥukkām: Sharḥ Majallat al-Aḥkām, 3 vols., 16 parts (repr.; Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1991).
Ḥillī, al-Muḥaqqiq Najm al-Dīn Jaʿfar b. Ḥasan, Maʿārij al-Uṣūl, ed. Raḍawī, M. (Qum: Maṭbaʿat Sayyid al-Shuhadāʾ, 1403/1982).
Ḥillī, al-Muḥaqqiq Najm al-Dīn Jaʿfar b. Ḥasan, Sharāʾiʿ al-Islām fī Masāʾil al-Ḥalāl wal-Ḥarām, 4 vols. (Beirut: Dār al-Qāriʾ, 1425/2004).
Ḥiṣnī, Taqī al-Dīn Muḥammad, Kifāyat al-Akhyār fī Ḥall Ghāyat al-Ikhtiṣār, 2 vols. (Surabaya: Maṭbaʿat al-Hidāya, n.d.).
al-ʿĀmilī, al-Ḥurr, see ʿĀmilī, Muḥammad b. Ḥasan.
al-Shahīd, al-Ḥusām, ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz, Ibn Māza ʿUmar b., Sharḥ Adab al-Qāḍī, ed. al-Afghānī, Abū al-Wafā (Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1994).
Ibn ʿAbd al-Barr, Abū ʿUmar Yūsuf, Jāmiʿ Bayān al-ʿIlm wa-Faḍlihi (Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, n.d.).
Ibn ʿAbd Rabbih, Aḥmad b. Muḥammad, al-ʿIqd al-Farīd, ed. al-ʿAryān, Muḥammad, 8 vols. (Cairo: Maṭbaʿat al-Istiqāma, 1953).
Ibn ʿAbd al-Rafīʿ, Abū Isḥāq Ibrāhīm, Muʿīn al-Ḥukkām ʿalā al-Qaḍāyā wal-Aḥkām, ed. ʿAbbād, Muḥammad b. Qāsim b., 2 vols. (Beirut: Dār al-Gharb al-Islāmī, 1989).
Ibn Abī al-Damm, Ibrāhīm b. ʿAbd Allāh, Adab al-Qaḍāʾ aw al-Durar al-Manẓūmāt fī al-Aqḍiya wal-Ḥukūmāt, ed. Muḥammad, ʿAṭāʾ (Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1987).
Ibn ʿĀbidīn, Muḥammad Amīn, Ḥāshiyat Radd al-Muḥtār ʿalā al-Durr al-Mukhtār Sharḥ Tanwīr al-Abṣār, 8 vols. (Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1399/1979).
Ibn ʿĀbidīn, Muḥammad Amīn, al-ʿUqūd al-Durriyya fī Tanqīḥ al-Fatāwā al-Ḥāmidiyya, 2 vols. (Cairo: al-Maṭbaʿa al-Maymūniyya, 1893).
Ibn Abī Shayba, , , Abū Bakr ʿAbd Allāh b. Muḥammad b. Ibrāhīm, al-Muṣannaf, 9 vols. (Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1416/1995).
Ibn Aʿtham, Abū Muḥammad Aḥmad, al-Futūḥ, 8 vols. (Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1986).
Ibn Bābawayh, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī al-Qummī, Man lā Yaḥḍuruhu al-Faqīh, 4 vols. (Beirut: Dār al-Aḍwāʾ, 1985).
Ibn Barhān, Aḥmad b. ʿAlī, al-Wuṣūl ilā ʿIlm al-Uṣūl, ed. Zunayd, ʿAbd al-Ḥamīd Abū, 2 vols. (Riyad: Maktabat al-Maʿārif, 1984).
Ibn al-Farrāʾ, Muḥammad b. Abī Yaʿlā, Ṭabaqāt al-Ḥanābila, ed. al-Fiqī, Muḥammad, 2 vols. (Cairo: Maṭbaʿat al-Sunna al-Muḥammadiyya, 1952).
al-Haytamī, Ibn Ḥajar, al-Fatāwā al-Kubrā al-Fiqhiyya, 4 vols. (Cairo: ʿAbd al-Ḥamīd Aḥmad al-Ḥanafī, 1938).
Ibn al-Ḥājib, Jamāl al-Dīn b. ʿUmar, Jāmiʿ al-Ummahāt, ed. al-Akhḍarī, Abū ʿAbd al-Raḥmān (Damascus and Beirut: al-Yamāma lil-Ṭibāʿa wal-Nashr, 1421/2000).
Ibn Ḥazm, ʿAlī b. Aḥmad, Marātib al-Ijmāʿ fī al-ʿIbādāt wal-Muʿāmalāt wal-Muʿtaqadāt (Beirut: Dār al-fāq al-Jadīda, 1978).
Ibn Ḥazm, ʿAlī b. Aḥmad, Muʿjam al-Fiqh, 2 vols. (Damascus: Maṭbaʿat Jāmiʿat Dimashq, 1966).
Ibn Ḥibbān, Muḥammad, Kitāb al-Thiqāt (Hyderabad: ʿAbd al-Khāliq al-Afghānī, 1388/1968).
Ibn Ḥibbān, Muḥammad, Mashāhīr ʿUlamāʾ al-Amṣār, ed. Fleischhammer, M. (Cairo: Maṭbaʿat Lajnat al-Taʾlīf wal-Tarjama wal-Nashr, 1379/1959).
Ibn al-Humām, Kamāl al-Dīn, Sharḥ Fatḥ al-Qadīr, 10 vols. (repr.; Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1990).
Ibn Kathīr, Abū al-Fidāʾ, Tafsīr al-Qurʾān al-ʿAẓīm, ed. Zahrān, Ḥusayn, 4 vols. (Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, n.d.).
Ibn Khaldūn, ʿAbd al-Raḥmān, al-Muqaddima: Kitāb al-ʿIbar wa-Dīwān al-Mubtadaʾ wal-Khabar fī Ayyām al-ʿArab wal-ʿAjam wal-Barbar wa-man ʿṣarahum min dhawī al-Sulṭān al-Akbar (Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, n.d.); trans. Rosenthal, Franz, The Muqaddimah: An Introduction to History, 3 vols. (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1958).
Ibn Khallikān, Shams al-Dīn Aḥmad, Wafayāt al-Aʿyān, 4 vols. (Beirut: Dār Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth al-ʿArabī, 1417/1997).
Ibn al-Laḥḥām, ʿAlī b. ʿAbbās al-Baʿlī, al-Qawāʿid wal-Fawāʾid al-Uṣūliyya, ed. al-Fiqī, Muḥammad (Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1403/1983).
Ibn Manẓūr, Jamāl al-Dīn Muḥammad, Lisān al-ʿArab, 15 vols. (Beirut: Dār Ṣādir, 1972).
Ibn Māza, Burhān al-Dīn Ṣadr al-Sharīʿa al-Bukhārī, al-Muḥīṭ al-Burhānī li-Masāʾil al-Mabsūṭ wal-Jāmiʿayn wal-Siyar wal-Ziyādāt wal-Nawādir wal-Fatāwā wal-Wāqiʿāt, Mudallala bi-Dalāʾil al-Mutaqaddimīn, ed. Aḥmad, Naʿīm, 25 vols. (Karachi: Idārat al-Qurʾān wal-ʿUlūm al-Islāmiyya, 1424/2004).
Ibn Māza, ʿUmar, see al-Ḥusām al-Shahīd.
Ibn Mufliḥ, Shams al-Dīn Muḥammad, al-Ādāb al-Sharʿiyya, ed. al-Arnaʾūṭ, Shuʿayb and al-Qayyām, ʿUmar, 4 vols. (Beirut: Muʾassasat al-Risāla, 1418/1977).
Ibn Mufliḥ, Shams al-Dīn Muḥammad, Kitāb al-Furūʿ, 6 vols. (Beirut: ʿlam al-Kutub, 1985).
Ibn Muftāḥ, ʿAbd Allāh, al-Muntazaʿ al-Mukhtār min al-Ghayth al-Midrār, al-Maʿrūf bi- Sharḥ al-Azhār, 10 vols. (Ṣaʿda, Yemen: Maktabat al-Turāth al-Islāmī, 1424/2003).
Ibn al-Munāṣif, Muḥammad b. ʿĪsā, Tanbīh al-Ḥukkām ʿalā Maʾākhidh al-Aḥkām (Tunis: Dār al-Turkī lil-Nashr, 1988).
Ibn al-Mundhir, Muḥammad b. Ibrāhīm al-Nīsābūrī, al-Iqnāʿ, ed. Ismāʿīl, Muḥammad Ḥasan (Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1418/1997).
al-Nadīm, Ibn, al-Fihrist (Beirut: Dār al-Maʿrifa lil-Ṭibāʿa wal-Nashr, 1398/1978). Trans. Dodge, B., The Fihrist of al-Nadim: A Tenth-Century Survey of Muslim Culture (New York: Columbia University Press, 1970).
Ibn al-Najjār, Taqī al-Dīn, Muntahā al-Irādāt, ed. ʿAbd al-Khāliq, ʿAbd al-Mughnī, 2 vols. (Cairo: Maktabat Dār al-ʿUrūba, 1381/1962).
Ibn, Naqīb, see Miṣrī.
Ibn Nujaym, Zayn al-Dīn b. Ibrāhīm, al-Ashbāh wal-Naẓāʾir (Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1413/1993).
Ibn Qāḍī Shuhba, Taqī al-Dīn, Ṭabaqāt al-Shāfiʿiyya, ed. Khān, ʿAbd al-ʿAlīm, 4 vols. (Hyderabad: Maṭbaʿat Majlis Dāʾirat al-Maʿārif al-ʿUthmāniyya, 1398/1978).
Ibn al-Qāṣṣ, Aḥmad b. Muḥammad, Adab al-Qāḍī, ed. Jabbūrī, Ḥusayn, 2 vols. (Ṭāʾif: Maktabat al-Ṣiddīq, 1409/1989).
Ibn Qudāma, Muwaffaq al-Dīn, al-Kāfī fī Fiqh al-Imām Aḥmad Ibn Ḥanbal, ed. Yūsuf, Ṣidqī, 4 vols. (Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1992–94).
Ibn Qudāma, Muwaffaq al-Dīn, al-Mughnī, 14 vols. (Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, n.d.).
Ibn Qudāma, Muwaffaq al-Dīn, Taḥrīm al-Naẓar fī Kutub Ahl al-Kalām, ed. and trans. Makdisi, George, Censure of Speculative Theology (London: Luzca & Co., 1962).
Ibn Qudāma, Shams al-Dīn Abū al-Faraj ʿAbd al-Raḥmān, al-Sharḥ al-Kabīr ʿalā Matn al-Muqniʿ, printed with Muwaffaq al-Dīn Ibn Qudāma's Mughnī.
Ibn Rajab, ʿAbd al-Raḥmān, al-Qawāʿid fī al-fiqh al-Islāmī, ed. Saʿd, Ṭāha (Beirut: Dār al-Jīl, 1408/1988).
Ibn Rushd, al-Ḥafīd, see under same entry, section 2 of this Bibliography.
Ibn Rushd, Muḥammad b. Aḥmad (al-Jadd), Fatāwā Ibn Rushd, ed. Ṭāhir al-Talīlī, al-Mukhtār b., 3 vols. (Beirut: Dār al-Gharb al-Islāmī, 1978).
Ibn Saʿd, Muḥammad, al-Ṭabaqāt al-Kubrā, 8 vols. (Beirut: Dār Bayrūt lil-Ṭibāʿa wal-Nashr, 1958).
Ibn Taymīyya, Taqī al-Dīn, Darʾ Taʿāruḍ al-ʿAql wal-Naql, ed. ʿAbd al-Raḥmān, ʿAbd al-Laṭīf, 5 vols. (Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1997).
Taqī al-Dīn, Ibn Taymīyya, Mukhtaṣar al-Fatāwā al-Miṣriyya (Cairo: n.p., 1949).
Taqī al-Dīn, Ibn Taymīyya, Naqd Marātib al-Ijmāʿ, printed with Ibn Ḥazm, Marātib al-Ijmāʿ.
Taqī al-Dīn, Ibn Taymīyya, “Risāla fil-Istiḥsān,” see under Makdisi, “Ibn Taymīya's Autograph Manuscript on Istiḥsān.”
Jammāʿīlī, ʿAbd al-Ghanī b. ʿAbd al-Wāḥid, al-ʿUmda fī al-Aḥkām, ed. ʿAṭāʾ, Muṣṭafā (Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1986).
Jawzī, ʿAbd al-Raḥmān ʿAlī, Aḥkām al-Nisāʾ, ed. ʿAbd al-Qādir, ʿAbd al-Qādir (Damascus: Dār al-Wathāʾiq, 1427/2006).
Jazīrī, ʿAbd al-Raḥmān, al-Fiqh ʿalā al-Madhāhib al-Arbaʿa, ed., Baytiyya, ʿAbd al-Laṭīf, 5 vols. (Beirut: Dār Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth al-ʿArabī, n.d.).
Juwaynī, Imām al-Ḥaramayn, al-Burhān fī Uṣūl al-Fiqh, ed. Dīb, ʿAbd al-ʿAẓīm, 2 vols. (Cairo: Dār al-Anṣār, 1400/1980).
Kāsānī, ʿAlāʾ al-Dīn b. Masʿūd, Badāʾiʿ al-Ṣanāʾiʿ fī Tartīb al-Sharāʾiʿ, ed. ʿĀdil, ʿAlī and al-Mawjūd, Muʿawwaḍ ʿAbd, 9 vols. (Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1997).
Kāshif al-Ghiṭāʾ, Muḥammad Ḥusayn, Taḥrīr al-Majalla, 3 vols. (Qum: al-Majmaʿ al-ʿĀlamī lil-Taqrīb bayna al-Madhāhib al-Islāmiyya, 1422/2001).
Khallāf, ʿAbd al-Wahhāb, Maṣādir al-Tashrīʿ al-Islāmī fī-mā lā Naṣṣa fīh (Cairo: Dār al-Kitāb al-ʿArabī, 1955).
Āyatullāh, Khumaynī (Khomeini), al-Ḥukūma al-Islāmiyya, ed. Ḥanafī, Ḥasan (Cairo: n.p., 1979).
Āyatullāh, Khumaynī (Khomeini), al-Istiṣḥāb ([Iran]: Muʾassasat al-ʿUrūj, 1417/1996).
Khurashī, Muḥammad b. ʿAbd Allāh, Ḥāshiyat al-Khurashī ʿalā Mukhtaṣar Sīdī Khalīl, 8 vols. (Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1417/1997).
Khushanī, Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad b. Ḥārith, Uṣūl al-Futyā fī al-Fiqh, ed. Majdūb, Muḥammad (Beirut: al-Muʾassasa al-Waṭaniyya lil-Kitāb, 1985).
Kindī, Muḥammad b. Yūsuf, Akhbār Quḍāt Miṣr, ed. Guest, R. (Cairo: Muʾassasat Qurṭuba, n.d.).
Kulaynī, Muḥammad b. Yaʿqūb, al-Kāfī, ed. Jaʿfarī, Muḥammad, 10 vols. (Tehran: Group of Muslim Brothers, 1978).
Kurdarī, Muḥammad b. Shihāb Ibn Bazzāz, al-Fatāwā al-Bazzāziyya al-Mussamātu bil-Jāmiʿ al-Wajīz, printed on the margins of al-Fatāwā al-Hindiyya, IV and V (repr.; Beirut: Dār Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth al-ʿArabī, 1980).
Laknawī, ʿAbd al-Ḥayy, al-Fawāʾid al-Bahiyya fī Tarājim al-Ḥanafiyya (Benares: Maktabat Nadwat al-Maʿārif, 1967).
Al-Maḥkama al-Dustūriyya al-ʿUlyā: al-Aḥkām allatī Aṣdarathā al-Maḥkama, 5 vols. (Qalyūb: Maṭābiʿ al-Ahrām al-Tijāriyya, n.d.).
Majallat al-Aḥkām al-ʿAdliyya, see Bāz, Salīm Rustum.
Majlisī, Muḥammad Bāqir, Biḥār al-Anwār al-Jāmiʿa li-Durar Akhbār al-Aʾimma al-Aṭhār, 111 vols. (Beirut: Muʾassasat al-Wafāʾ, 1983).
Majmūʿat al-Qawānīn, see Ramaḍān.
Anas, Mālik b., al-Muwaṭṭaʾ (Beirut: Dār al-Jīl, 1414/1993).
Maqdisī, ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. Ibrāhīm, al-ʿUdda: Sharḥ al-ʿUmda fī Fiqh Imām al-Sunna Aḥmad Ibn Ḥanbal al-Shaybānī, ed. Muḥarram, Khālid Muḥammad (Sidon, Beirut: al-Maktaba al-ʿAṣriyya, 1416/1995).
Marghīnānī, Burhān al-Dīn ʿAlī b. Abī Bakr, al-Hidāya: Sharḥ Bidāyat al-Mubtadī, 4 vols. (Cairo: Muṣṭafā Bābī al-Ḥalabī, n.d.); trans. Nyazee, I. Khan, Al-Hidāya: The Guidance, I (Bristol: Amal Press, 2006). Also see Hamilton, Charles.
Marzūqī, Abū Yaʿrub and Saʿīd al-Būṭī, Muḥammad, Ishkāliyyat Tajdīd Uṣūl al-Fiqh (Beirut and Damascus: Dār al-Fikr, 2006).
Mawāq, Muḥammad b. Yūsuf, al-Tāj wal-Iklīl fī Sharḥ Mukhtaṣar Khalīl, printed on the margins of Ḥaṭṭāb, Mawāhib al-Jalīl.
Māwardī, ʿAlī Muḥammad b. Ḥabīb, al-Aḥkām al-Sulṭāniyya wal-Wilāyāt al-Dīniyya (Cairo: Dār al-Fikr, 1983).
Māwardī, ʿAlī Muḥammad b. Ḥabīb, al-Ḥāwī al-Kabīr, ed. Muʿawwaḍ, ʿAlī and al-Mawjūd, ʿĀdil ʿAbd, 18 vols. (Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1994).
al-Mawsūʿa al-Fiqhiyya, 45 vols. (Kuwait: Dār al-Ṣafwa lil-Ṭibāʿa wal-Nashr, 1990–).
Miṣrī, Ibn Naqīb, ʿUmdat al-Sālik, ed. and trans. Keller, N. H. M., The Reliance of the Traveller (Evanston, IL: Sunna Books, 1991).
Muftāḥ, Jīlānī, al-Ḥadāthiyyūn al-ʿArab fī al-ʿUqūd al-Thalātha al-Akhīra wal-Qurʾān al-Karīm (Damascus: Dār al-Nahḍa, 1427/2006).
Muṣayliḥī, Sāmiya ʿAlī, “al-Bighāʾ fī Miṣr fī al-ʿAṣr al-Mamlūkī, 648–923 H/1250–1517AD,” Ḥawliyyāt dāb ʿAyn Shams, 33 (2005): 108–63.
Mūṣilī, ʿAbd Allāh Maḥmūd b. Mawdūd, al-Ikhtiyār li Taʿlīl al-Mukhtār, 5 vols. (Cairo: Muṣṭafā Bābī al-Ḥalabī, 1951).
Najdī, ʿAbd-al-Raḥmān b. Muḥammad b. Qāṣim al-ʿĀṣimī, Ḥāshiyat al-Rawḍ al-Murbiʿ Sharḥ Zād al-Mustaqniʿ, 7 vols. (Beirut: n.p., 1419/1998–99).
Nasāʾī, Aḥmad b. Shuʿayb, Kitāb ʿIshrat al-Nisāʾ, ed. ʿUmar, ʿAmr ʿAlī (Beirut: Dār al-Jīl, 1412/1992).
Nawawī, Muḥyī al-Dīn Yaḥyā b. Sharaf, al-Majmūʿ: Sharḥ al-Muhadhdhab, 12 vols. (Cairo: Maṭbaʿat al-Taḍāmun, 1344/1925).
Nawawī, Muḥyī al-Dīn Yaḥyā b. SharafRawḍat al-Ṭālibīn, ed. ʿAbd al-Mawjūd, ʿĀdil and Muʿawwaḍ, ʿAlī, 8 vols. (Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, n.d.).
Niẓām, Shaykh, see al-Fatāwā al-Hindiyya.
Qāḍīkhān, Fakhr al-Dīn Ḥasan b. Manṣūr al-Ūzajandī, Fatāwā Qāḍīkhān, printed on the margins of al-Fatāwa al-Hindiyya, I–III.
Qāḍīzādeh, Shams al-Dīn Aḥmad, Natāʾij al-Afkār fī Kashf al-Rumūz wal-Asrār, printed as vols. VIII–X of Ibn al-Humām, Sharḥ Fatḥ al-Qadīr.
Qaffāl, Abū Bakr Muḥammad, see Shāshī.
Qalqashandī, Aḥmad b. ʿAlī, Ṣubḥ al-Aʿshā fī Ṣināʿat al-Inshā, ed. Ḥusayn Shams al-Dīn, Muḥammad, 14 vols. (Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1987).
Qarāfī, Abū al-ʿAbbās Aḥmad b. Idrīs, al-Furūq, aw Anwār al-Burūq fī Anwāʾ al-Furūq, ed. al-Manṣūr, Khalīl, 4 vols. (Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1418/1998).
Qārī, Aḥmad b. ʿAbd Allāh, Majallat al-Aḥkām al-Sharʿiyya ʿalā Madhhab al-Imām Aḥmad Ibn Ḥanbal (Jeddah: Maṭbūʿāt Tihāma, 1981).
Quṭb, Sayyid, Maʿālim fī al-Ṭarīq, trans. as Milestones (Cedar Rapids, IA: The Mother Mosque Foundation, 2003).
Ramaḍān, ʿĀrif Afandī, Majmūʿat al-Qawānīn: Taḥtawī ʿalā Jamīʿ al-Qawānīn al-Maʿmūl bi-Mūjabihā fī Jamīʿ al-Bilād al-ʿArabiyya al-Munsalikha ʿan al-Ḥukūma al-ʿUthmāniyya (Beirut: al-Maṭbaʿa al-ʿIlmiyya, 1927).
Ramlī, Khayr al-Dīn, al-Fatāwā al-Khayriyya, printed on the margins of Ibn ʿĀbidīn, al-ʿUqūd al-Durriyya.
Ramlī, Muḥammad Shams al-Dīn b. Shihāb al-Dīn, Nihāyat al-Muḥtāj ilā Sharḥ al-Minhāj, 8 vols. (Cairo: Muṣṭafā Bābī al-Ḥalabī, 1357/1938; repr. Beirut: Dār Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth al-ʿArabī, 1939).
Rāzī, Fakhr al-Dīn Muḥammad b. ʿUmar, al-Maḥṣūl fī ʿIlm al-Uṣūl, 2 vols. (Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1408/1988).
Riḍā, Rashīd, Yusr al-Islām wa-Uṣūl al-Tashrīʿ al-ʿĀmm (Cairo: Maṭbaʿat Nahḍat Miṣr, 1956).
Saʿīd al-Tanūkhī, Saḥnūn b., al-Mudawwana al-Kubrā, ed. al-Salām, Aḥmad ʿAbd, 5 vols. (Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1415/1994).
Sajāwandī, Sirāj-al-Dīn Muḥammad b. Muḥammad, Al-Sirajiyah or the Mahomedan Law of Inheritance (Calcutta: The Sanskrit Press, 1861).
Sālim, al-Sayyid ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz, Tārīkh al-ʿArab fī ʿAṣr al-Jāhiliyya (Alexandria: Muʾassasat Shabāb al-Jāmiʿa, 1990).
Samarqandī, Abū al-Layth, Fatāwā al-Nawāzil (Hyderabad: Maṭbaʿat Shams al-Islām, 1355/1936).
Samarqandī, Abū Naṣr, Rusūm al-Quḍāt, ed. al-Ḥadīthī, M. Jāsim (Baghdad: Dār al-Ḥurriyya lil-Ṭibāʿa, 1985).
Ṣanʿānī, Abū Bakr ʿAbd al-Razzāq, al-Muṣannaf, ed. Azharī, Ayman, 12 vols. (Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 2000).
Ṣanʿānī, Aḥmad b. Qāsim al-Yamānī, al-Tāj al-Mudhahhab li-Aḥkām al-Madhhab, 4 vols. (Ṣanʿāʾ: Dār al-Ḥikma al-Yamāniyya, 1414/1993).
Sarakhsī, Muḥammad b. Aḥmad Shams al-Dīn, al-Mabsūṭ, 31 vols. (Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1993–94).
Sarakhsī, Muḥammad b. Aḥmad Shams al-Dīn, al-Uṣūl, ed. al-Afghānī, Abū al-Wafā, 2 vols. (Cairo: Dār al-Maʿrifa, 1393/1973).
Shāfiʿī, Muḥammad b. Idrīs, al-Risāla, ed. Kīlānī, Muḥammad (Cairo: Muṣṭafā Bābī al-Ḥalabī, 1969).
Shāfiʿī, Muḥammad b. Idrīs, al-Umm, ed. Maṭarjī, Maḥmūd, 9 vols. (Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1413/1993).
Shahīd al-Thānī, Ḥasan b. Zayn al-Dīn, Maʿālim al-Dīn wa-Malādh al-Mujtahidīn, ed. Muḥaqqiq, Mahdī (Tehran: Shirkat-i Intishārāt ʿIlmī va Farhangī, 1985).
Shaḥrūr, Muḥammad, al-Kitāb wal-Qurʾān: Qirāʾa Muʿāṣira (Cairo and Damascus: Sīnā lil-Nashr, 1992).
Shaḥrūr, Muḥammad, Naḥwa Uṣūl Jadīda lil-Fiqh al-Islāmī: Fiqh al-Marʾa (Damascus: al-Ahālī lil-Ṭibāʿa wal-Nashr wal-Tawzīʿ, 2000).
Shaltūt, “The Koran and Fighting,” see under Shaltūt, section 2, below.
Shaʿrānī, ʿAbd al-Wahhāb b. Aḥmad b. ʿAlī, al-Mīzān al-Kubrā al-Shaʿrāniyya, ed. ʿAlī, ʿAbd al-Wārith, 2 vols. (Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1418/1998).
Shāshī, Abū ʿAlī Aḥmad b. Muḥammad, Uṣūl al-Shāshī (Beirut: Dār al-Kitāb al-ʿArabī, 1402/1982).
Shāshī, Sayf al-Dīn Abū Bakr Muḥammad al-Qaffāl, Ḥilyat al-ʿUlamāʾ fī Maʿrifat Madhāhib al-Fuqahāʾ, ed. Darārka, Yāsīn Aḥmad Ibrāhīm, 8 vols. (Amman: Dār al-Bāz, 1988).
Shāṭibī, Abū Isḥāq Ibrāhīm, al-Muwāfaqāt fī Uṣūl al-Aḥkām, ed. al-Dīn ʿAbd al-Ḥamīd, Muḥyī, 4 vols. (Cairo: Maṭbaʿat ʿAlī Ṣubayḥ, 1970).
Shawkānī, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī, Irshād al-Fuḥūl ilā Taḥqīq al-Ḥaqq min ʿIlm al-Uṣūl (Surabaya: Sharikat Maktabat Aḥmad b. Nabhān, n.d.).
Shawkānī, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī, al-Sayl al-Jarrār al-Mutadaffiq ʿalā Ḥadāʾiq al-Azhār, ed. Ibrāhīm Zāyid, Maḥmūd, 3 vols. (Damascus and Beirut: Dār Ibn Kathīr, 2000).
Shaybānī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan, al-Aṣl, 5 vols. (Beirut: ʿlam al-Kutub, 1990).
al-Shaykh, al-Niẓām, see al-Fatāwā al-Hindiyya.
Shīrāzī, Abū Isḥāq Ibrāhīm, al-Lumaʿ fī Uṣūl al-Fiqh, ed. al-Naʿsānī, M. (Cairo: Maṭbaʿat al-Saʿāda, 1326/1908); trans. Chaumont, Eric, Kitab al-Lumaʿ fi Usul al-Fiqh (Le livre des rais illuminant les fondaments de la compréhension de la loi): théorie légale musulmane (Berkeley, CA: Robbins Collection, 1999).
Shīrāzī, Abū Isḥāq Ibrāhīm, al-Muhadhdhab fī Fiqh al-Imām al Shāfiʿī wa bi-Dhayl Ṣaḥāʾifihi al-Naẓm al-Mustaʿdhab fī Sharḥ Gharīb al-Muhadhdhab, ed. ʿUmayrāt, Zakariyyā, 6 vols. (Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1995).
Shīrāzī, Abū Isḥāq Ibrāhīm, Sharḥ al-Lumaʿ, ed. Turkī, ʿAbd al-Majīd, 2 vols. (Beirut: Dār al-Gharb al-Islāmī, 1988).
Shīrāzī, Abū Isḥāq Ibrāhīm, Ṭabaqāt al-Fuqahāʾ, ed. ʿAbbās, Iḥsān (Beirut: Dār al-Rāʾid al-ʿArabī, 1970).
Soroush, Abdolkarim, al-Qabḍ wal-Basṭ fī al-Sharīʿa (Beirut: Dār al-Jadīd, 2002).
Subkī, Tāj al-Dīn, Ṭabaqāt al-Shāfiʿiyya al-Kubrā, 6 vols. (Cairo: al-Maktaba al-Ḥusayniyya, 1906).
Subkī, Taqī al-Dīn, Fatāwā al-Subkī, 2 vols. (repr.; Beirut: Dār al-Maʿrifa, n.d.).
Ṭabarī, Ibn Jarīr, Tafsīr al-Ṭabarī al-Musammā Jāmiʿ al-Bayān fī Taʾwīl al-Qurʾān, 13 vols. (Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1426/2005).
Ṭūfī, Najm al-Dīn Sulaymān, Sharḥ Mukhtaṣar al-Rawḍa, ed. al-Turkī, ʿAbd Allāh, 3 vols. (Beirut: Muʾassasat al-Risāla, 1407/1987).
Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan Shaykh al-Ṭāʾifa, al-Istibṣār fī-mā Ikhtalafa min al-Akhbār, 3 vols. (Najaf: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmiyya, 1376/1957).
Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan Shaykh al-Ṭāʾifa, al-Khilāf fī al-Fiqh, 2 vols. (Tehran: Maṭbaʿat Rangīn, 1377 H).
Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan Shaykh al-Ṭāʾifa, Tahdhīb al-Aḥkām, 10 vols. (Najaf: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmiyya, 1959–62).
Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan Shaykh al-Ṭāʾifa, ʿUddat al-Uṣūl fī Uṣūl al-Fiqh, ed. al-Khurāsānī, ʿAlī, 2 vols. (Bombay: Maṭbaʿat Dat Parsād, 1312–18/1894–1900).
Wakīʿ, Muḥammad b. Khalaf, Akhbār al-Quḍāt, 3 vols. (Beirut: ʿĀlam al-Kutub, n.d.).
Wansharīsī, Aḥmad b. Yaḥyā, al-Miʿyār al-Muʿrib wal Jāmiʿ al-Mughrib ʿan Fatāwī ʿUlamāʾ Ifrīqiyya wal-Andalus wal-Maghrib, 13 vols. (Beirut: Dār al-Gharb al-Islāmī, 1401/1981).
Wathāʾiq al-Maḥākim al-Sharʿiyya al-Miṣriyya ʿan al-Jāliya al-Maghāribiyya ibāna al-ʿAṣr al-ʿUthmānī, ed. Rehim, Abdal Rehim Abdal, Documents of the Egyptian Courts Related to the Maghariba, 3 vols. (Zaghouan: Centre d'Études et de Recherches Ottomanes, Morisques, de Documentation et d'Information, 1994).
Zarkashī, Shams al-Dīn Muḥammad b. ʿAbd Allāh al-Miṣrī, Sharḥ al-Zarkashī ʿalā Mukhtaṣar al-Khiraqī, ed. ʿAbd al-Raḥmān al-Jabrīn, ʿAbd Allāh b., 7 vols. (Riyadh: Maktabat al-ʿUbaykān, 1413/1993).
Zarqā, Muṣṭafā Aḥmad, al-Madkhal al-Fiqhī al-ʿmm, 2 vols. (Damascus: Dār al-Qalam, 1998).
Zaylaʿī, ʿUthmān b.ʿAlī, Tabyīn al-Ḥaqāʾiq: Sharḥ Kanz al-Daqāʾiq, 6 vols. (Būlāq: al-Maṭbaʿa al-Kubrā al-Amīriyya, 1313/1895).
SOURCES IN OTHER LANGUAGES
Aaron, Richard Ithamar, A Theory of Universals, 2nd edn (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1967).
Rehim, Abdal, Rehim, Abdal, see under Wathāʾiq al-Maḥākim al-Sharʿiyya, above.
Abisaab, Rula Jurdi, Converting Persia: Religion and Power in the Safavid Empire (London: I. B. Tauris, 2004).
Abisaab, Rula Jurdi, “The Ulama of Jabal ʿAmil in Ṣafavid Iran, 1501–1736: Marginality, Migration and Social Change,” Iranian Studies, 27 (1994): 103–22.
Abou El Fadl, Khaled, Rebellion and Violence in Islamic Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001).
Abou-El-Haj, Rifaʿat, Formation of the Modern State (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1991).
Abou Ramadan, Moussa, “Divorce Reform in the Sharīʿa Court of Appeals in Israel (1992–2003),” Islamic Law and Society, 13, 2 (2006): 242–74.
Abou Ramadan, Moussa, “Islamic Legal Reform: Sharīʿa Court of Appeals and Maintenance for Muslim Wives in Israel,” Hawwa, 4, 1 (2006): 29–75.
Abrams, Philip, “Notes on the Difficulty of Studying the State,” Journal of Historical Sociology, 1, 1 (1988): 58–89.
Abu-Lughod, Janet L., Cairo: 1001 Years of the City Victorious (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1971).
Abu-Lughod, Lila, ed., Remaking Women: Feminism and Modernity in the Middle East (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1998).
Abu-Lughod, Lila, “The Romance of Resistance: Tracing Transformations of Power through Bedouin Women,” American Ethnologist, 17 (1990): 41–55.
Abu-Lughod, Lila, Veiled Sentiments: Honor and Poetry in a Bedouin Society (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986).
Abu-Manneh, Butrus, “The Islamic Roots of the Gülhane Rescript,” Die Welt des Islams, 34 (1994): 173–203.
Abun-Nasr, Jamil M., A History of the Maghrib (Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1975).
Adams, Charles, “Mawdudi and the Islamic State,” in Esposito, John L., ed., Voices of Resurgent Islam (New York: Oxford University Press, 1983), 99–133.
Agmon, Iris, “Social Biography of a Late Ottoman Shariʿa Judge,” New Perspectives on Turkey, 30 (2004): 83–113.
Ahmad, Ahmad Atif, Structural Interrelations of Theory and Practice in Islamic Law: A Study of Six Works of Medieval Islamic Jurisprudence (Leiden: Brill, 2006).
Ahmad, Feroz, The Young Turks: The Committee of Union and Progress in Turkish Politics, 1908–1914 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1969).
Aijmer, G. and Abbink, J., eds., Meanings of Violence: A Cross Cultural Perspective (Oxford: Berg, 2000).
Akarlı, Engin Deniz, “Gedik: A Bundle of Rights and Obligations for Istanbul Artisans and Traders, 1750–1840,” in Pottage, Alain and Mundy, Martha, eds., Law, Anthropology, and the Constitution of the Social: Making Persons and Things (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004), 166–200.
Akarlı, Engin Deniz, “Law in the Marketplace: Istanbul, 1730–1840,” in Masud, M.et al., eds., Dispensing Justice in Islam: Qadis and their Judgments (Leiden: Brill, 2006), 245–70.
Akiba, Jun, “From Kadı to Naib: Reorganization of the Ottoman Sharia Judiciary in the Tanzimat Period,” in Imber, Colin and Kiyotaki, K., eds., Frontiers of Ottoman Studies: State, Province, and the West, I (London: I. B. Tauris, 2005), 43–60.
Akiba, Jun, “A New School for Qadis: Education of the Shariʿa Judges in the Late Ottoman Empire,” Turcica, 35 (2003): 125–63.
Ali, Shaheen Sardar, “Sigh of the Oppressed? ‘Islamisation’ of Laws in Pakistan under Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal: The Case of the North West Frontier Province,” Yearbook of Islamic and Middle Eastern Law 2003–04, vol. X (Leiden: Brill, 2006): 107–24.
Alon, Y., “The Tribal System in the Face of the State-Formation Process: Mandatory Transjordan, 1921–46,” International Journal of Middle East Studies, 37 (2005): 213–40.
Althusser, Louis, Essays on Ideology (London: Verso, 1984).
Anderson, Benedict, Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism, 2nd edn (London and New York: Verso, 2006).
Anderson, J. N. D., “Colonial Law in Tropical Africa: The Conflict between English, Islamic and Customary Law,” Indiana Law Journal, 35, 4 (1960): 433–42.
Anderson, J. N. D., “Eclipse of the Patriarchal Family in Contemporary Islamic Law,” in Anderson, J. N. D., ed., Family Law in Asia and Africa (London: George Allen and Unwin, 1968), 221–34.
Anderson, J. N. D., “Law Reform in Egypt: 1850–1950,” in Holt, P. M., ed., Political and Social Change in Modern Egypt (London: Oxford University Press, 1968), 209–30.
Anderson, J. N. D., Law Reform in the Muslim World (London: Athelone Press, 1976).
Anderson, J. N. D., “The Sharīʿa and Civil Law: The Debt Owed by the New Civil Codes of Egypt and Syria to the Sharīʿa,” The Islamic Quarterly, 1 (1954): 29–46.
Anderson, Michael R., “Legal Scholarship and the Politics of Islam in British India,” in Khare, R. S., ed., Perspectives on Islamic Law, Justice, and Society (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 1999), 65–91.
An-Na'im, Abdullahi, Islamic Family Law in a Changing World (London: Zed Books, 2002).
Ansari, Zafar Ishaq, “Islamic Juristic Terminology before Šāfiʿī,” Arabica, 19 (1972): 255–300.
Ansari-Pour, M. A., “Iran,” Yearbook of Islamic and Middle Eastern Law 2000–01, VII (The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2002): 349–63.
Ansari-Pour, M. A., “Iran,” Yearbook of Islamic and Middle Eastern Law 2002–03, IX (Leiden: Brill, 2004): 341–49.
Ansari-Pour, M. A., “Iran,” Yearbook of Islamic and Middle Eastern Law 2003–04, X (Leiden: Brill, 2006): 267–75.
Ansari-Pour, M. A., “Iran,” Yearbook of Islamic and Middle Eastern Law 2004–05, XI (Leiden: Brill, 2007): 321–31.
Ansari-Pour, M. A., “Iran,” Yearbook of Islamic and Middle Eastern Law 2005–06, XII (Leiden: Brill, 2008): 415–29.
Antoun, Richard T., “Fundamentalism, Bureaucracy, and the State's Co-optation of Religion: A Jordanian Case Study,” International Journal of Middle East Studies, 38 (2006): 369–93.
Ansari-Pour, M. A., “The Islamic Court, the Islamic Judge, and the Accommodation of Traditions: A Jordanian Case Study,” International Journal of Middle East Studies, 12 (1980): 455–67.
Arjomand, S. A., “Islamic Constitutionalism,” Annual Review of Law and Social Science, 3 (2007): 115–40.
Asad, Talal, “Conscripts of Western Civilization,” in Gailey, Christine W., ed., Civilization in Crisis: Anthropological Perspectives (Gainsville: University Press of Florida, 1992), 333–51.
Asad, Talal, Formations of the Secular: Christianity, Islam, Modernity (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2003).
Ayalon, David, “The Great Yāsa of Chingiz Khan,” in Ayalon, David, Outsiders in the Lands of Islam: Mamluks, Mongols, and Eunuchs (London: Variorum Reprints, 1988): ch. IV.
Baer, Gabriel, “The Administrative, Economic and Social Functions of Turkish Guilds,” International Journal of Middle East Studies, 1, 1 (1970): 28–50.
Baer, Gabriel, “Guilds in Middle Eastern History,” in Cook, M. A., ed., Studies in the Economic History of the Middle East (London: Oxford University Press, 1979), 11–30.
Baer, Gabriel, “Tanzimat in Egypt: The Penal Code,” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 26, 1 (1963): 29–49.
Baer, Gabriel, “Waqf Reform in Egypt,” St. Anthony's Papers: Middle Eastern Affairs (London: Chatto & Windus, 1958): 61–76.
Ball, John, Indonesian Legal History, 1602–1848 (Sydney: Oughtershaw Press, 1982).
Ball, Warwick, Rome in the East: The Transformation of an Empire (London and New York: Routledge, 2000).
Barker-Benfield, B., “The Spermatic Economy,” in Gordon, M., ed., The American Family in Social-Historical Perspective (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1973), 377–78.
Barnes, J. R., An Introduction to the Religious Foundations in the Ottoman Empire (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1986).
Bassiouni, Cherif, “Evolving Approaches to Jihad: From Self-Defense to Revolutionary and Regime-Change Political Violence,” Chicago Journal of International Law, 8, 1 (2007): 119–46.
Bauman, Zygmunt, Liquid Modernity (Cambridge: Polity Press, 2000).
Bauman, Zygmunt, Modernity and the Holocaust (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1989).
Bauman, Zygmunt, Society under Siege (Cambridge: Polity Press, 2002).
Bayitch, S. A., “Codification in Modern Times,” in Yiannopoulos, A. N., ed., Civil Law in the Modern World (Kingsport: Louisiana State University Press, 1965), 161–91.
Beeston, A. F. L., “The Religions of Pre-Islamic Yemen,” in Chelhod, J., ed., L'Arabie du Sud et Civilisation, 3 vols. (Paris: Editions G.–P. Maisonneuve et Larose, 1984), I, 259–69.
Benton, Lauren A., “Colonial Law and Cultural Difference: Jurisdictional Politics and the Formation of the Colonial State,” Comparative Studies in Society and History, 41 (2000): 563–88.
Benton, Lauren A., Law and Colonial Cultures: Legal Regimes in World History, 1400–1900 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002).
Berkey, Jonathan Porter, The Transmission of Knowledge in Medieval Cairo: A Social History of Islamic Education (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1992).
Berman, Harold and Reid, Charles, “Max Weber as Legal Historian,” in Turner, Stephen, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Weber (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000), 223–39.
Bidwell, Robin, Morocco under Colonial Rule: French Administration of Tribal Areas 1912–56 (London: Frank Cass, 1973).
Black's Law Dictionary, 5th edn (St Paul, MN: West Publishing Co., 1979).
Bourdieu, Pierre, “Rethinking the State: Genesis and Structure of the Bureaucratic Field,” in Steinmetz, George, ed., State/Culture: State Formation after the Cultural Turn (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1999), 53–75.
Bowen, J.Qurʾān, Justice, Gender: Internal Debates in Indonesian Islamic Jurisprudence,” History of Religion, 38, 1 (1998): 52–78.
Bravmann, M. M., The Spiritual Background of Early Islam (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1972).
Brinton, Jasper Yeates, The Mixed Courts of Egypt (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1930).
Brock, S. P., “Syriac Views of Emergent Islam,” in Juynboll, G. H. A., ed., Studies on the First Century of Islamic Society (Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1982), 9–21.
Browers, M., “Islam and Political Sinn: The Hermeneutics of Contemporary Islamic Reformists,” in Browers, M. and Kurzman, Charles, eds., An Islamic Reformation? (Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2004), 54–78.
Brown, Nathan J., Rule of Law in the Arab World: Courts in Egypt and the Gulf (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997).
Brown, Nathan J., “Shariʿa and State in the Modern Muslim Middle East,” International Journal of Middle East Studies, 29 (1997): 359–76.
Bulliet, Richard W., “The Shaikh al-Islam and the Evolution of Islamic Society,” Studia Islamica, 35 (1972): 53–67.
Buskens, L., “Islamic Commentaries and French Codes: The Confrontation and Accommodation of Two Forms of Textualization of Family Law in Morocco,” in Driessen, H., ed., The Politics of Ethnographic Reading and Writing: Confrontations of Western and Indigenous Views (Saarbrücken: Breitenbach, 1993), 65–100.
Calder, Norman, “Doubt and Prerogative,” Studia Islamica, 70 (1989): 57–78.
Calder, Norman, “Law,” in Nasr, Seyyed Hossein and Leaman, O., eds., History of Islamic Philosophy, vol. I (London and New York: Routledge, 1996), 979–98.
Calder, Norman, “Legitimacy and Accommodation in Safavid Iran: The Juristic Theory of Muḥammad Bāqir al-Sabzavārī (d.1090/1679),” Iran, 25 (1987): 91–105.
Cammack, Mark, “Islam and Nationalism in Indonesia: Forging an Indonesian Madhhab,” in Bearman, Periet al., eds., The Islamic School of Law (Cambridge, MA: Islamic Legal Studies Program, 2005), 175–90.
Cammack, Mark, “Islamic Inheritance Law in Indonesia: The Influence of Hazairin's Theory of Bilateral Inheritance,” Australian Journal of Asian Law, 4, 1 (2002): 295–315.
Candraningrum, Dewi, “Perda Sharia and the Indonesian Women's Critical Perspective,” available at www.asienhaus.de/public/archiv/Paper PERDASHARIA.pdf.
Carroll, Lucy, “Orphaned Grandchildren in Islamic Law of Succession: Reform and Islamization in Pakistan,” Islamic Law and Society, 5, 3 (1998): 409–47.
Carroll, Lucy, “The Pakistan Federal Shariat Court, Section 4 of the Muslim Family Laws Ordinance, and the Orphaned Grandchild,” Islamic Law and Society, 9, 1 (2002): 70–82.
Chamberlain, Michael, Knowledge and Social Practice in Medieval Damascus, 1190–1350 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994).
Chardin, Jean, Voyages de Monsieur le Chevalier Chardin en Perse, III (Amsterdam: Jean Louis de Lorme, 1709).
Chatterjee, Partha, “Colonialism, Nationalism, and Colonized Women: The Contest in India,” American Ethnologist, 16, 4 (1989): 622–33.
Chatterjee, Partha, The Nation and its Fragments (Princeton, NY: Princeton University Press, 1993).
Chevallier, Dominique, “Western Development and Eastern Crisis in the Mid-Nineteenth Century: Syria Confronted with the European Economy,” in Polk, William and Chambers, R., eds., Beginnings of Modernization in the Middle East (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1960), 205–22.
Christelow, Allan, Muslim Law Courts and the French Colonial State in Algeria (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1985).
Christelow, Allan, “The Transformation of the Muslim Court System in Colonial Algeria: Reflections on the Concept of Autonomy,” in Al-Azmeh, A., ed., Islamic Law: Social and Historical Contexts (London and New York: Routledge, 1988), 215–30.
Christmann, A., “Islamic Scholar and Religious Leader: Shaikh Muhammad Saʿid Ramadan al-Buti,” in Cooper, Johnet al., eds., Islam and Modernity: Muslim Intellectuals Respond (London: I. B. Tauris, 2000), 57–81.
The Civil Code of Iran, trans. Taleghany, M. A. R. (Littletom, CO: Rothman and Co., 1995).
Çizakça, Murat, History of Philanthropic Foundations: The History of the Islamic World from the Seventh Century to the Present (Istanbul: Bogaziçi University Press, 2000).
Cleveland, William L., A History of the Modern Middle East (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2004).
Cohen, Amnon, A World Within: Jewish Life as Reflected in Muslim Court Documents from the Sijill of Jerusalem (XVIth Century), 2 vols. (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1994).
Cohen, H. J., “The Economic Background and Secular Occupations of Muslim Jurisprudents and Traditionists in the Classical Period of Islam (Until the Middle of the Eleventh Century),” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient (January 1970): 16–61.
Cohn, Bernard, Colonialism and its Forms of Knowledge: The British in India (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1996).
Cole, Juan Ricardo, Sacred Space and Holy War: The Politics, Culture, and History of Shiʿite Islam (London: I. B. Tauris, 2002).
Collins, Daniel P., “Islamization of Pakistani Law: A Historical Perspective,” Stanford Journal of International Law, 24 (1987–88): 511–84.
Cooper, John, “The Limits of the Sacred: The Epistemology of ʿAbd al-Karim Soroush,” in Cooper, Johnet al., eds., Islam and Modernity: Muslim Intellectuals Respond (London: I. B. Tauris, 2000), 38–56.
Corrigan, Philip and Sayer, Derek, The Great Arch: English State Formation as Cultural Revolution (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1985).
Coss, Peter, The Moral World of the Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000).
Coulson, Noel James, A History of Islamic Law (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1964).
Coulson, Noel James, Succession in the Muslim Family (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1971).
Crecelius, Daniel, “Incidences of Waqf Cases in Three Cairo Courts: 1640–1802,” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, 29 (1986): 176–89.
Crone, P., Pre-Industrial Societies (Oxford: Blackwell, 1989).
Crone, Patricia and Cook, M., Hagarism: The Making of the Muslim World (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1977).
Crone, Patricia and Hinds, M., God's Caliph: Religious Authority in the First Centuries of Islam (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986).
Dahlén, Ashk P., Islamic Law, Epistemology and Modernity (New York and London: Routledge, 2003).
Davies, Wendy, “Local Participation and Legal Ritual in Early Medieval Law Courts,” in Coss, Peter, ed., The Moral World of the Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000), 48–61.
Deguilhem, Randi, “Consciousness of Self: The Muslim Woman as Creator and Manager of Waqf Foundations in Late Ottoman Damascus,” in Sonbol, Amira, ed., Beyond the Exotic: Women's Histories in Islamic Societies (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2005), 102–15.
Deguilhem, Randi, “Government Centralization of Waqf Administration and its Opposition: The Syrian Example,” British Society for Middle East Studies (BRISMES) (July 1991): 223–30.
Dirks, Nicholas B., The Scandal of Empire: India and the Creation of Imperial Britain (Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press, 2006).
Donaldson, Laura E. and Kwok, Pui-lan, Postcolonialism, Feminism, and Religious Discourse (New York and London: Routledge, 2002).
Donner, Fred, “The Role of Nomads in the Near East in Late Antiquity (400–800 C.E.),” in Clover, F. M. and Humphreys, R. S., eds., Tradition and Innovation in Late Antiquity (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1989), 73–88.
Dreyfus, Hubert and Rabinow, Paul, Michel Foucault: Beyond Structuralism and Hermeneutics (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1983).
Driessen, Henk, The Politics of Ethnographic Reading and Writing (Saarbrüken and Fort Lauderdale: Verlag Breitenbach Publishers, 1993).
Dumont, Paul, “The Power of Islam in Turkey,” in Carré, Olivier, ed., Islam and the State in the World Today (New Delhi: Manohar, 1987), 76–94.
During, Caspers, Elisabeth, C. L., “Further Evidence for ‘Central Asian’ Materials from the Arabian Gulf,” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, 37 (1994): 33–53.
Dussaud, René, La Pénétration des Arabes en Syrie avant l'Islam (Paris: Paul Geuthner, 1955).
Dutt, Palme R., “The Exploitation of India: A Marxist View,” in Lewis, M. D., ed., The British in India: Imperialism or Trusteeship? (Boston: D. C. Heath and Co., 1962), 41–52.
Edens, C. and Bawden, Garth, “History of Taymāʾ and Hejazi Trade during the First Millennium B.C.,” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, 32 (1989): 48–97.
Eickelman, Dale F., “Islamic Liberalism Strikes Back,” Middle East Studies Association Bulletin, 27 (1993): 163–68.
Eickelman, Dale F., “Islamic Religious Commentary and Lesson Circles: Is There a Copernican Revolution,” in Most, Glenn W., ed., Commentaries – Kommentare, Aporemata: Kritische Studien zur Philologiegeschechte 4 (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht, 1999), 121–46.
Eickelman, Dale F., Knowledge and Power in Morocco: The Education of a Twentieth-Century Notable (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1985).
Elberling, F., A Treatise on Inheritance, Gift, Will, Sale, and Marriage (Serampore: Serampore Press, 1844).
Eliash, Joseph, “The Ithnā ʿAsharī-Shīʿī Juristic Theory of Political and Legal Authority,” Studia Islamica, 29 (1969): 17–30.
Encyclopaedia of Islam, 12 vols., 2nd edn (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1960–2004).
Ephrat, Daphna, Learned Society in a Period of Transition: The Sunni Ulama of Eleventh-Century Baghdad (Albany: State University of New York Press, 2000).
Euben, Roxanne L., Enemy in the Mirror: Islamic Fundamentalism and the Limits of Modern Rationality (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1999).
Fadel, Mohammad, “The Social Logic of Taqlīd and the Rise of the Mukhtaṣar,” Islamic Law and Society, 3, 2 (1996): 193–233.
Fadel, Mohammad, “Two Women, One Man: Knowledge, Power, and Gender in Medieval Sunni Legal Thought,” International Journal of Middle East Studies, 29, 2 (1997): 185–204.
Fahmy, Khalid, “The Police and the People in Nineteenth-Century Egypt,” Die Welt des Islams, 39 (1999): 1–38.
Fasseur, C., “Colonial Dilemma: Van Vollenhoven and the Struggle between Adat Law and Western Law in Indonesia,” in Mommsen, W. J. and Moor, J. A., eds., European Expansion and Law: The Encounter of European and Indigenous Law in 19th- and 20th-Century Africa and Asia (Oxford: Berg, 1992), 240–42.
Fatemi, S., “Autonomy and Equal Rights to Divorce with Specific Reference to Shii Fiqh and the Iranian Legal System,” Islam and Christian–Muslim Relations, 17, 3 (July 2006): 281–94.
Fay, Mary Ann, “Women and Waqf: Toward a Reconsideration of Women's Place in the Mamluk Household,” International Journal of Middle East Studies, 29, 1 (1997): 33–51.
Federspiel, Howard, Sultans, Shamans, and Saints: Islam and Muslims in Southeast Asia (Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 2007).
Feener, Michael, “Indonesian Movements for the Creation of a ‘National Madhhab’,” Islamic Law and Society, 9, 1 (2002): 83–115.
Feener, Michael, Muslim Legal Thought in Modern Indonesia (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007).
Fierro, Maribel, “Ill-Treated Women Seeking Divorce: The Qurʾānic Two Arbiters and Judicial Practice among the Malikis in Al-Andalus and North Africa,” in Masud, M.et al., eds., Dispensing Justice in Islam: Qadis and their Judgments (Leiden: Brill, 2006), 323–47.
Firestone, R., Jihād: The Origins of Holy War in Islam (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999).
Fisch, Jorg, “Law as a Means and as an End: Some Remarks on the Function of European and Non-European Law in the Process of European Expansion,” in Mommsen, W. J. and Moor, J. A., eds., European Expansion and Law: The Encounter of European and Indigenous Law in 19th- and 20th-Century Africa and Asia (Oxford: Berg, 1992), 15–38.
Floor, Willem M., “Change and Development in the Judicial System of Qajar Iran (1800–1925),” in Bosworth, Edmond and Hillenbrand, Carole, eds., Qajar Iran: Political, Social, and Cultural Change 1800–1925 (Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda, 1983), 113–47.
Flynn, Thomas, “Foucault's Mapping of History,” in Gutting, G., ed., The Cambridge Companion to Foucault (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994), 28–46.
Fortna, Benjamin C., Imperial Classroom: Islam, the State, and Education in the Late Ottoman Empire (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002).
Foucault, Michel, The Archaeology of Knowledge, trans. Sheridan Smith, A. M. (London: Routledge, 1969).
Foucault, Michel, Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison, trans. Sheridan, Alan, 2nd edn (New York: Vintage, 1995).
Foucault, Michel, Ethics, Subjectivity and Truth, ed. Rabinow, P., trans. Hurley, Robertet al. (New York: The New Press, 1994).
Foucault, Michel, The Foucault Reader, ed. Rabinow, Paul (New York: Pantheon Books, 1984).
Foucault, Michel, The History of Sexuality, I, trans. Hurley, Robert (London and New York: Pantheon Books, 1978).
Foucault, Michel, Les mots et les choses ([Paris]: Gallimard, 1966).
Foucault, Michel, Power: Essential Works of Foucault, 1954–1984, ed. Faubion, James, trans. Hurley, Robertet al. (New York: The New Press, 1973).
Foucault, Michel, Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings, 1972–1977, ed. Gordon, Colin, trans. Gordon, Colinet al. (New York: Pantheon Books, 1980).
Foucault, Michel, “Society Must Be Defended” (New York: Picador, 1997).
Foucault, Michel, “Truth and Juridical Forms,” in Foucault, Power: Essential Works of Foucault, 1–89.
Fuchs, Barbara, Mimesis and Empire: The New World, Islam, and European Identity (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001).
Gerber, Haim, “Social and Economic Position of Women in an Ottoman City, Bursa, 1600–1700,” International Journal of Middle East Studies, 12 (1980): 231–44.
Gerber, Haim, State, Society, and Law in Islam: Ottoman Law in Comparative Perspective (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1994).
Gerth, H. H. and Mills, C. W., ed. and trans., From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology (New York: Oxford University Press, 1958).
Ghazaleh, Pascale, “The Guilds: Between Tradition and Modernity,” in Hanna, N., ed., The State and its Servants: Administration of Egypt from Ottoman Times to the Present (Cairo: The American University in Cairo Press, 1995), 60–74.
Giddens, Anthony, The Consequences of Modernity (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1990).
Gleave, Robert, Akhbārī Shīʿī Uṣūl al-Fiqh and the Juristic Theory of Yūsuf b. Aḥmad al-Baḥrānī (London: I. B. Tauris, 1997).
Gleave, Robert, Inevitable Doubt: Two Theories of Shīʿī Jurisprudence (Boston: Brill, 2000).
Glendon, Mary Ann, “Power and Authority in the Family: New Legal Patterns as Reflections of Changing Ideologies,” American Journal of Comparative Law, 23, 1 (1975): 1–33.
Glenn, Patrick H., Legal Traditions of the World: Sustainable Diversity in Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000).
Glete, Jan, Warfare at Sea, 1500–1650 (London: Routledge, 2000).
Göçek, Fatma and Baer, M. D., “Social Boundaries of Ottoman Women's Experience in Eighteenth-Century Galata Court Records,” in Zilfi, M. C., ed., Women in the Ottoman Empire: Middle Eastern Modern Women in the Early Modern Era (Leiden and New York: Brill, 1997), 48–65.
Göçek, Fatma and Hanioglu, M., “Western Knowledge, Imperial Control, and the Use of Statistics in the Ottoman Empire,” Center for Research on Social Organization Working Paper Series (1993): 105–16.
Goitein, S. D., “The Birth-Hour of Muslim Law,” Muslim World, 50, 1 (1960): 23–29.
Goitein, S. D., A Mediterranean Society: The Jewish Communities of the Arab World as Portrayed in the Documents of the Cairo Geniza, 3 vols. (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1978).
Goitein, S. D., Studies in Islamic History and Institutions (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1966).
Goitein, S. D., “A Turning Point in the History of the Islamic State,” Islamic Culture, 23 (1949): 120–35.
Goody, Jack, The East in the West (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).
Gradeva, Rissitsa, “On Judicial Hierarchy in the Ottoman Empire: The Case of Sofia from the Seventeenth to the Beginning of the Eighteenth Century,” in Masud, M.et al., eds., Dispensing Justice in Islam: Qadis and their Judgments (Leiden: Brill, 2006), 271–98.
Guenther, Allan M., “Syed Mahmood and the Transformation of Muslim Law in British India” (PhD dissertation: McGill University, 2004).
Guindy, Adel, “Family Status Issues among Egypt's Copts: A Brief Overview,” Middle East Review of International Affairs, 11, 3 (2007). Available at http://meria.idc.ac.il/journal/2007/issue3/jv11no3a1.html. Accessed November 15, 2007.
Gulliver, P. H., “Dispute Settlement without Courts: The Ndendeuli of Southern Tanzania,” in Nader, Laura, ed., Law in Culture and Society (Chicago: Aldine, 1969), 24–68.
Gulliver, P. H., “Process and Decision,” in Gulliver, P. H., ed., Cross-Examinations: Essays in Memory of Max Gluckman (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1978), 29–52.
Gary, Gutting, “Foucault and the History of Madness,” in Gutting, G., ed., The Cambridge Companion to Foucault (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994), 47–70.
Haeri, Shahla, Law of Desire: Temporary Marriage in Shiʿi Iran (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1989).
Hakim, Tawfik, Maze of Justice: Diary of a Country Prosecutor, trans. Eban, A. (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1989).
Wael, Hallaq, “The Authenticity of Prophetic Ḥadīth: A Pseudo-Problem,” Studia Islamica, 89 (1999): 75–90.
Wael, Hallaq, Authority, Continuity and Change in Islamic Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001).
Wael, Hallaq, “Can the Shariʿa Be Restored?” in Yvonne, Y. Haddad and Stowasser, Barbara F., eds., Islamic Law and the Challenges of Modernity (Walnut Creek, CA: Altamira Press, 2004), 21–53.
Wael, Hallaq, “Fashioning the Moral Subject: Sharīʿa's Technologies of the Self” (Ms.), 35 pages.
Wael, Hallaq, “From Fatwās to Furūʿ: Growth and Change in Islamic Substantive Law,” Islamic Law and Society, 1, 1 (1994): 29–65.
Wael, Hallaq, A History of Islamic Legal Theories (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997).
Wael, Hallaq, Ibn Taymiyya against the Greek Logicians (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993).
Wael, Hallaq, “Ibn Taymiyya on the Existence of God,” Acta Orientalia, 52 (1991): 49–69.
Wael, Hallaq, “Iftaʾ and Ijtihad in Sunni Legal Theory: A Developmental Account,” in Khalid Masud, Muhammadet al., eds., Islamic Legal Interpretation: Muftis and their Fatwas (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1996), 33–43.
Wael, Hallaq, “Logic, Formal Arguments and Formalization of Arguments in Sunnī Jurisprudence,” Arabica, 37 (1990): 315–58. Reproduced in Hallaq, Law and Legal Theory in Classical and Medieval Islam (Aldershot: Variorum, 1995), ch. III.
Wael, Hallaq,“Model Shurūṭ Works and the Dialectic of Doctrine and Practice,” Islamic Law and Society, 2, 2 (1995): 109–34.
Wael, Hallaq, “Non-Analogical Arguments in Sunni Juridical Qiyās,” Arabica, 36, 3 (1989): 286–306. Reproduced in Hallaq, Law and Legal Theory in Classical and Medieval Islam (Aldershot: Variorum, 1995), ch. II.
Wael, Hallaq, “Notes on the Term Qarīna in Islamic Legal Discourse,” Journal of the American Oriental Society, 108, 3 (1988): 475–80. Reproduced in Hallaq, Law and Legal Theory in Classical and Medieval Islam (Aldershot: Variorum, 1995), ch. X.
Wael, Hallaq, “On the Authoritativeness of Sunni Consensus,” International Journal of Middle East Studies, 18 (1986): 427–54. Reproduced in Hallaq, Law and Legal Theory in Classical and Medieval Islam (Aldershot: Variorum, 1995), ch. VIII.
Wael, Hallaq, “On the Origins of the Controversy about the Existence of Mujtahids and the Gate of Ijtihad,” Studia Islamica, 63 (1986): 129–41. Reproduced in Hallaq, Law and Legal Theory in Classical and Medieval Islam (Aldershot: Variorum, 1995), ch. VI.
Wael, Hallaq, “On Inductive Corroboration, Probability and Certainty in Sunnī Legal Thought,” in Heer, N., ed., Islamic Law and Jurisprudence (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1990), 3–31. Reproduced in Hallaq, Law and Legal Theory in Classical and Medieval Islam (Aldershot: Variorum, 1995), ch. IV.
Wael, Hallaq, The Origins and Evolution of Islamic Law, in Hallaq, W., series ed., Themes in Islamic Law, no. 1 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004).
Wael, Hallaq, “A Prelude to Ottoman Reform: Ibn ʿbidīn on Custom and Legal Change,” in Gershoni, I.et al., eds., Histories of the Modern Middle East: New Directions (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2002), 37–61.
Wael, Hallaq, “Qāḍīs Communicating: Legal Change and the Law of Documentary Evidence,” al-Qanṭara, 20 (1999): 437–66.
Wael, Hallaq, “The Qāḍī's Dīwān (Sijill) before the Ottomans,” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 61, 3 (1998): 415–36.
Wael, Hallaq, “The Quest for Origins or Doctrine? Islamic Legal Studies as Colonialist Discourse,” UCLA Journal of Islamic and Near Eastern Law, 2, 1 (2002): 1–31.
Wael, Hallaq, Review of The Search for God's Law: Islamic Jurisprudence in the Writings of Sayf al-Din al-Amidi, by Bernard Weiss, in International Journal of Middle East Studies, 26, 1 (1994): 152–54.
Wael, Hallaq, “A Tenth–Eleventh Century Treatise on Juridical Dialectic,” Muslim World, 77, 2–3 (1987): 198–227.
Wael, Hallaq, “Uṣūl al-Fiqh: Beyond Tradition,” Journal of Islamic Studies, 3 (1992): 172–202. Reproduced in Hallaq, Law and Legal Theory in Classical and Medieval Islam (Aldershot: Variorum, 1995), ch. XII.
Wael, Hallaq, “Was the Gate of Ijtihad Closed?International Journal of Middle East Studies, 16 (1984): 3–41. Reproduced in Hallaq, Law and Legal Theory in Classical and Medieval Islam (Aldershot: Variorum, 1995), ch. V.
Wael, Hallaq, “Was al-Shafiʿi the Master Architect of Islamic Jurisprudence?International Journal of Middle East Studies, 25 (1993): 587–605.
Wael, Hallaq, “What is Sharīʿa?” in Yearbook of Islamic and Middle Eastern Law, 2005–2006, XII (Leiden: Brill, 2007), 151–80.
Halm, Heinz, Shiʿa Islam: From Religion to Revolution, trans. Brown, Allison (Princeton, NJ: Markus Wiener, 1997).
Halpern, Orly, “Jordan's New Female Workforce,” Christian Science Monitor, December 17, 2004, available at: www.csmonitor.com/2004/1217/ p07s01-wome.html. Last accessed November 21, 2007.
Raouf Abbas, Hamed, “The Siyasatname and the Institutionalization of Central Administration under Muhammad ʿAli,” in Hanna, Nelly, ed., The State and its Servants: Administration in Egypt from Ottoman Times to the Present (Cairo: The American University in Cairo Press, 1995), 75–86.
Hamilton, Charles, Hedaya or Guide: A Commentary on the Mussulman Laws (Lahore: New Books Company, 1957).
Nelly, Hanna, “The Administration of Courts in Ottoman Cairo,” in Hanna, Nelly, ed., The State and its Servants: Administration of Egypt from Ottoman Times to the Present (Cairo: The American University in Cairo Press, 1995), 44–59.
Nelly, Hanna, Construction Work in Ottoman Cairo (1517–1798) (Cairo: Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale, 1984).
Nelly, Hanna, Making Big Money in 1600: The Life and Times of Ismaʿil Abu Taqiyya, Egyptian Merchant (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1998).
Hardisty, James, “Reflections on Stare Decisis,” Indiana Law Journal, 55, 1 (1979–80): 41–69.
Harisumarto, Sukino, “Indonesia Draft Sharia Law Triggers Controversy,” United Press International, October 23, 2004.
Hassan, Ahmad, “Question and Answer,” in Kurzman, Charles, ed., Modernist Islam, 1840–1940 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002), 360–64.
Hassan, Hussein, “The Promissory Theory of Contracts in Islamic Law,” Yearbook of Islamic and Middle Eastern Law 2001–02, VIII (The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2003): 45–72.
Hatem, Mervat F., “The Professionalization of Health and the Control of Women's Bodies as Modern Governmentalities in Nineteenth Century Egypt,” in Zilfi, M., ed., Women in the Ottoman Empire (Leiden: Brill, 1997), 66–79.
Haviland, William A., Cultural Anthropology (New York and Montreal: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1975).
Headrick, Daniel R., The Tools of Empire: Technology and European Imperialism in the Nineteenth Century (New York: Oxford University Press, 1981).
Hefner, Robert, “Varieties of Muslim Politics: Civil versus Statist Islam,” in Jabali, Fuad and Jamhari, , eds., Islam in Indonesia: Islamic Studies and Social Transformation (Montreal and Jakarta: Indonesia–Canada Islamic Higher Education Project, 2002), 136–51.
Hejailan, Hussam Salah, “Saudi Arabia,” Yearbook of Islamic and Middle Eastern Law 2000–2001, VII (The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2002): 271–81.
Marie-Aimée, Hélie-Lucas, “The Preferential Symbol for Islamic Identity: Women in Muslim Personal Laws,” in Moghadam, Valentine M., ed., Identity Politics and Women: Cultural Reassertions and Feminisms in International Perspective (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1994), 188–96.
Hertslet, Edward, The Map of Europe by Treaty: Showing the Various Political and Territorial Changes Which Have Taken Place since the General Peace of 1814, 4 vols. (London: Butterworths, 1875).
Uriel, Heyd, “The Ottoman Ulema and Westernization in the Time of Selim II and Mahmud II,” in Hourani, Albert, Khoury, Philip S. and Wilson, Mary C., eds., The Modern Middle East: A Reader (London: I. B. Tauris, 1993), 29–59.
Uriel, Heyd, “Some Aspects of the Ottoman Fetva,” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 32, 1 (1969): 35–56.
Uriel, Heyd, Studies in Old Ottoman Criminal Law, ed. Ménage, V. L. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1973).
Enid, Hill, “Courts and Administration of Justice in the Modern Era,” in Hanna, N., ed., The State and its Servants: Administration in Egypt from Ottoman Times to the Present (Cairo: The American University in Cairo Press, 1995), 98–116.
Hirsch, Susan F., “Kadhi's Courts as Complex Sites of Resistance: The State, Islam, and Gender in Postcolonial Kenya,” in Hirsch, S. and Lazarus-Black, M., eds., Contested States: Law, Hegemony and Resistance (New York: Routledge, 1994), 207–30.
Hodgson, Marshall G. S., Rethinking World History: Essays on Europe, Islam, and World History (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993).
Hodgson, Marshall G. S., The Venture of Islam, 3 vols. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1974).
Hoisington, William, “Cities in Revolt: The Berber Dahir (1930) and France's Urban Strategy in Morocco,” Journal of Contemporary History, 13, 3 (1978): 433–48.
Holleman, J. F., ed., Van Vollenhoven on Indonesian Adat Law: Selections from Het Adatrecht van Nederlandsch-Indië (The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1981).
Hooker, M. B., Adat Laws in Modern Malaya: Land Tenure, Traditional Government, and Religion (Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press, 1972).
Hooker, M. B., A Concise Legal History of South-East Asia (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1978).
Hooker, M. B., Islamic Law in South-East Asia (Singapore: Oxford University Press, 1984).
Hooker, M. B., Legal Pluralism: An Introduction to Colonial and Neo-Colonial Laws (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1975).
Hooker, M. B., “The State and Shariʿa in Indonesia,” in Salim, A. and Azra, A., eds., Shariʿa and Politics in Modern Indonesia (Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2003), 33–47.
Hoyland, R. G., Seeing Islam as Others Saw It: A Survey and Evaluation of Christian, Jewish and Zoroastrian Writings on Early Islam (Princeton, NJ: The Darwin Press, 1997).
Hoyle, Mark S. W., The Mixed Courts of Egypt (London: Graham & Trotman, 1991).
Hurvitz, N., “Biographies and Mild Asceticism: A Study of Islamic Moral Imagination,” Studia Islamica, 85 (1997): 41–65.
Hurvitz, N., “The Mukhatṣar of al-Khiraqī and its Place in the Formation of Hanbali Legal Doctrine,” in Shaham, R., ed., Law, Custom, and Statute in the Muslim World (Leiden: Brill, 2007), 1–16.
Husseini, R., “UNIFEM Launches ‘Progress of Arab Women 2004’ Report,” July 19, 2004. Available at www.jordanembassyus.org/07192004004.htm. Last accessed November 21, 2007.
Ibn Rushd, Muḥammad b. Aḥmad (al-Ḥafīd), The Distinguished Jurist's Primer, trans. Nyazee, I. Khan, 2 vols. (Reading: Garnet Publishing, 1994–96).
Imber, Colin, Studies in Ottoman History and Law (Istanbul: Isis Press, 1996).
İnalcık, Halil, “Application of the Tanzimat and its Social Effects,” Archivum Ottomanicum, 5 (1973): 97–127.
İnalcık, Halil, “Suleiman the Lawgiver and Ottoman Law,” Archivum Ottomanicum, 1 (1969): 105–38.
Indonesian Civil Code, trans. Mangunsong, Rany (Jakarta: PT Gramecdia, 2004).
Charles, Issawi, “De-industrialization and Re-industrialization in the Middle East since 1800,” International Journal of Middle East Studies, 12, 4 (December 1980): 469–79.
Sveltana, Ivanova, “The Divorce between Zubaida Hatun and Esseid Osman Ağa: Women in the Eighteenth-Century Shariʿa Court of Rumelia,” in Sonbol, Amira el-Azhary, ed., Women, the Family, and Divorce Laws in Islamic History (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1996), 112–25.
Jacques, R. Kevin, Authority, Conflict, and the Transmission of Diversity in Medieval Islamic Law (Leiden: Brill, 2006).
Jahanbakhsh, Forough, “Islam, Democracy and Religious Modernism in Iran (1953–1997): From Bazargan to Soroush” (PhD dissertation: McGill University, 1997).
Jennings, Ronald C., Christians and Muslims in Ottoman Cyprus and the Mediterranean World, 1571–1640 (New York and London: New York University Press, 1993).
Jennings, Ronald C., “Divorce in the Ottoman Sharia Court of Cyprus, 1580–1640,” Studia Islamica, 78 (1993): 155–67.
Jennings, Ronald C., “Kadi, Court and Legal Procedure in 17th C. Ottoman Kayseri: The Kadi and the Legal System,” Studia Islamica, 48 (1978): 133–72.
Jennings, Ronald C., “Limitations of the Judicial Powers of the Kadi in 17th C. Ottoman Kayseri,” Studia Islamica, 50 (1979): 151–84.
Jennings, Ronald C., Studies on Ottoman Social History in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries: Women, Zimmis and Sharia Courts in Kayseri, Cyprus, and Trabzon (Istanbul: Isis Press, 1999).
Jennings, Ronald C., “Women in Early 17th Century Ottoman Judicial Records: The Sharia Court of Anatolian Kayseri,” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, 18 (1975): 53–114.
Johansen, Baber, “Casuistry: Between Legal Concept and Social Praxis,” Islamic Law and Society, 2, 2 (1995): 135–56.
Johansen, Baber, The Islamic Law on Land Tax and Rent: The Peasants' Loss of Property Rights as Interpreted in the Hanafite Legal Literature of the Mamluk and Ottoman Periods (London and New York: Croom Helm, 1988).
Johansen, Baber, “Legal Literature and the Problem of Change: The Case of the Land Rent,” in Mallat, Chibli, ed., Islam and Public Law: Classical and Contemporary Studies (London and Boston: Graham and Trotman, 1993), 29–47.
David, Johnston, “ʿAllāl al-Fāsī: Sharīʿa as Blueprint for Righteous Global Citizenship,” in Amanat, Abbas and Griffel, Frank, eds., Shariʿa: Islamic Law in the Contemporary Context (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2007), 83–103.
Jones, William, Al-Sirajiyah or the Mahomedan Law of Inheritance (Calcutta: The Sanskrit Press, 1861).
Suad, Joseph, “The Kin Contract and Citizenship in the Middle East,” in Friedman, Marilyn, ed., Women and Citizenship (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005), 149–69.
Suad, Joseph, “The Public/Private – The Imagined Boundary in the Imagined Nation/State/ Community: The Lebanese Case,” Feminist Review, 57 (1997): 73–92.
Kamali, Hashim, Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence (Selangor: Pelanduk Publications, 1989).
Karpat, Kemal H., “The Land Regime, Social Structure, and Modernization in the Ottoman Empire,” in Polk, William and Chambers, Richard, eds., Beginnings of Modernization in the Middle East: The Nineteenth Century (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1968), 69–90.
Katz, Marion H., Body of Text: The Emergence of the Sunnī Law of Ritual Purity (Albany: State University of New York Press, 2002).
Keddie, Nikki R., Qajar Iran and the Rise of Reza Khan (Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda, 1999).
Kelsay, John, Arguing the Just War in Islam (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2007).
Kerr, Malcolm, Islamic Reform: The Political and Legal Theories of Muḥammad ʿAbduh and Rashīd Riḍā (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1966).
Khan, Hamid, Islamic Law of Inheritance (Karachi: Pakistan Law House, 1999).
Khomeini, Ruhollah, Islam and Revolution: Writings and Declarations, trans. Algar, Hamid (Berkeley, CA: Mizan Press, 1981).
Khoury, Philip, Urban Notables and Arab Nationalism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983).
Kimber, Richard, “The Qurʾanic Law of Inheritance,” Islamic Law and Society, 5, 3 (1998): 291–325.
King, G. R. D., “Settlement in Western and Central Arabia and the Gulf in the Sixth–Eighth Centuries A.D.,” in King, G. R. D. and Cameron, A., eds., The Byzantine and Early Islamic Near East, 3 vols. (Princeton, NJ: The Darwin Press, 1994), II, 181–212.
Knost, Stefan, “The Waqf in Court: Lawsuits over Religious Endowments in Ottoman Aleppo,” in Masud, M.et al., eds., Dispensing Justice in Islam: Qadis and their Judgments (Leiden: Brill, 2006), 427–50.
Kolff, D. H. A., “The Indian and the British Law Machines: Some Remarks on Law and Society in British India,” in Mommsen, W. J. and Moor, J. A., eds., European Expansion and Law: The Encounter of European and Indigenous Law in 19th- and 20th-Century Africa and Asia (Oxford: Berg, 1992), 201–35.
Kosheri, Rashed, et al., “Egypt,” Yearbook of Islamic and Middle Eastern Law 2004–05, XI (Leiden: Brill, 2007): 241–47.
Kozlowski, Gregory C., “Imperial Authority, Benefactions and Endowments (Awqaf) in Mughal India,” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, 38, 3 (1995): 355–70.
Kugle, Scott A., “Framed, Blamed and Renamed: The Recasting of Islamic Jurisprudence in Colonial South Asia,” Modern Asian Studies, 35, 2 (2001): 257–313.
Kuhn, Thomas S., The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1970).
Kuran, Timur, “Islamic Influences on the Ottoman Guilds,” in Çiçek, Kemal, ed., The Great Ottoman-Turkish Civilization (Ankara: Yeni Türkiye, 2000), II, 43–59.
Kushner, David, “The Place of the Ulema in the Ottoman Empire during the Age of Reform (1839–1918),” Turcica, 19 (1987): 51–74.
Lal, Vinay, “Subaltern Studies and its Critics: Debates over Indian History,” History and Theory, 40, 1 (2001): 135–48.
Landau, Rom, Moroccan Drama, 1900–1955 (San Francisco: American Academy of Asian Studies, 1956).
Lapidus, Ira M., “The Arab Conquests and the Formation of Islamic Society,” in Juynboll, G. H. A., ed., Studies on the First Century of Islamic Society (Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1982), 49–72.
Lapidus, Ira M., A History of Islamic Societies (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988).
Lassman, Peter, “The Rule of Man over Man: Power, Politics, and Legitimation,” in Turner, Stephen, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Weber (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000), 83–98.
Lau, Martin, “Pakistan,” Yearbook of Islamic and Middle Eastern Law 2001–02, VIII (The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2003): 312–28.
Lau, Martin, “Pakistan,” Yearbook of Islamic and Middle Eastern Law 2002–03, vol. IX (Leiden: Brill, 2004): 372–78.
Leaman, Oliver, An Introduction to Medieval Islamic Philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985).
Lecker, Michael, “On the Markets of Medina (Yathrib) in Pre-Islamic and Early Islamic Times,” in Lecker, M., Jews and Arabs in Pre- and Early Islamic Arabia (Aldershot: Variorum, 1998), 133–46.
Leiser, Gary, “Notes on the Madrasa in Medieval Islamic Society,” Muslim World, 76, 1 (1986): 16–23.
Leonard, Jerry, “Foucault and (the Ideology of) Genealogical Legal Theory,” in Leonard, J., ed., Legal Studies as Cultural Studies (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1995), 133–51.
Lev, Daniel S., “Colonial Law and the Genesis of the Indonesian State,” Indonesia, 40 (October 1985): 57–74.
Lev, Daniel S., Islamic Courts in Indonesia: A Study in the Political Bases of Legal Institutions (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1972).
Lev, Daniel S., “Judicial Unification in Post-Colonial Indonesia,” Indonesia, 16 (October 1973): 1–37.
Levenson, J., European Expansion and the Counter-Example of Asia, 1300–1600 (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1967).
Levi, Giovanni, “On Microhistory,” in Peter, Burke, ed., New Perspectives on Historical Writing (Cambridge: Polity Press, 2001), 97–119.
Liebesny, H., “The Development of Western Judicial Privileges,” in Khadduri, M. and Liebesny, H. J., eds., Law in the Middle East (Washington, DC: Middle East Institute, 1955), 312–27.
Liebesny, H., Law of the Near and Middle East (Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1975).
Litvak, Meir, Shiʿi Scholars of Nineteenth-Century Iraq: The Ulama of Najaf and Karbala (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998).
Lombardi, Clark B., “Islamic Law as a Source of Constitutional Law in Egypt: The Constitutionalization of the Sharia in a Modern Arab State,” Columbia Journal of Transnational Law, 37, 1 (1998): 81–123.
Lombardi, Clark B., State Law as Islamic Law: The Incorporation of the Sharīʿa into Egyptian Constitutional Law (Leiden: Brill, 2006).
Lowry, Joseph, “Does Shāfiʿī have a Theory of Four Sources of Law?” in Weiss, Bernard, ed., Studies in Islamic Legal Theory (Leiden: Brill, 2002), 23–50.
Joseph, Lowry, “Legal-Theoretical Content of the Risāla of Muḥammad b. Idrīs al-Shāfiʿī” (PhD dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, 1999).
Lukito, Ratno, “Law and Politics in Post-Independence Indonesia: A Case Study of Religious and Adat Courts,” in Salim, A. and Azra, A., eds., Shariʿa and Politics in Modern Indonesia (Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2003), 17–32.
Lutfi, Huda, “A Study of Six Fourteenth Century Iqrārs from al-Quds Relating to Muslim Women,” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, 26 (1983): 246–94.
Macaulay, Thomas Babington, “Minute on Indian Education,” in Clive, John and Pinney, Thomas, eds., Selected Writings (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1972), 237–51.
Macnaghten, W. H., Principles and Precedents of Moohumudan Law (Madras: Higginbotham, 1890).
Maddy-Weitzman, Bruce, “Women, Islam, and the Moroccan State: The Struggle over the Personal Status Law,” Middle East Journal, 59, 3 (2005): 393–410.
Madelung, Wilferd, “The Early Murjiʾa in Khurāsān and Transoxania and the Spread of Ḥanafism,” Der Islam, 59, 1 (1982): 32–39.
Maghen, Ze'ev, Virtues of the Flesh: Passion and Purity in Early Islamic Jurisprudence (Leiden: Brill, 2005).
Mahmood, Saba, Politics of Piety: Islamic Revival and the Feminist Subject (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2005).
George, Makdisi, “Ashʿarī and the Ashʿarites in Islamic Religious History,” Studia Islamica, 17 (1962): 37–80.
George, Makdisi, Censure of Speculative Theology: An Edition and Translation of Ibn Qudāma's Taḥrīm an-Naẓar fī Kutub ahl al-Kalām, with Introduction and Notes: A Contribution to the Study of Islamic Religious History (London: Luzac, 1962).
George, Makdisi, “Ibn Taymīya's Autograph Manuscript on Istiḥsān: Materials for the Study of Islamic Legal Thought,” in Makdisi, G., ed., Arabic and Islamic Studies in Honor of A. R. Gibb (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1965), 446–79.
George, Makdisi, The Rise of the Colleges: Institutions of Learning in Islam and the West (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1981).
George, Makdisi, “The Significance of the Schools of Law in Islamic Religious History,” International Journal of Middle East Studies, 10 (1979): 1–8.
Makdisi, John, “Legal Logic and Equity in Islamic law,” American Journal of Comparative Law, 33, 1 (1985): 63–92.
Mandaville, Jon, “The Muslim Judiciary of Damascus in the Late Mamluk Period” (PhD dissertation, Princeton University, 1969).
Mann, Michael, States, War and Capitalism (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1988).
Marcus, Abraham, “Men, Women and Property: Dealers in Real Estate in Eighteenth-Century Aleppo,” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, 26 (1983): 137–63.
Marcus, Abraham, The Middle East on the Eve of Modernity: Aleppo in the Eighteenth Century (New York: Columbia University Press, 1989).
Ebül'ula, Mardin, “Development of the Sharīʿa under the Ottoman Empire,” in Khadduri, M. and Liebesny, H. J., eds., Law in the Middle East (Washington, DC: Middle East Institute, 1955), 279–91.
Mardin, Serif, “The Just and the Unjust,” Daedalus, 120, 3 (1991): 113–29.
Marmura, Michael, “Some Aspects of Avicenna's Theory of God's Knowledge of Particulars,” Journal of the American Oriental Society, 82 (1962): 299–312.
Marsot, Afaf Lutfi Al-Sayyid, A Short History of Modern Egypt (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985).
Massad, Joseph, Colonial Effects: The Making of National Identity in Jordan (New York: Columbia University Press, 2001).
Massignon, Louis, “Les résultats sociaux de notre politique indigène en Algérie,” in Opera Minora, ed. Moubarac, Y., III (Liban: Dar al-Maaref, 1963), 559–68.
Masud, Muhammad Khalid, Messick, Brinkley and Powers, David S., Islamic Legal Interpretation: Muftis and Their Fatwas (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1996).
McGowan, B., “The Age of the Ayans, 1699–1812,” in İnalcık, Halil and Quataert, Donald, eds., An Economic and Social History of the Ottoman Empire 1300–1914 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994), 637–758.
Melchert, Christopher, The Formation of the Sunni Schools of Law (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1997).
Menski, Werner, Hindu Law: Beyond Tradition and Modernity (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003).
Mercier, Ernest, Le habous ou ouakof (Alger: A. Jourdan, 1895).
Meriwether, Margaret L., “The Rights of Children and the Responsibilities of Women: Women as Wasis in Ottoman Aleppo, 1770–1840,” in Sonbol, A., ed., Women, the Family and Divorce Laws in Islamic History (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1996), 219–35.
Meriwether, Margaret L., “Women and Waqf Revisited: The Case of Aleppo, 1770–1840,” in Zilfi, Madeline C., ed., Women in the Ottoman Empire: Middle Eastern Women (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1997), 128–52.
Merry, Sally Engle, “Legal Pluralism,” Law and Society Review, 22, 5 (1988): 869–96.
Messick, Brinkley, The Calligraphic State: Textual Domination and History in a Muslim Society (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993).
Messick, Brinkley, “Commercial Litigation in a Sharīʿa Court,” in Masud, M.et al., eds., Dispensing Justice in Islam: Qadis and their Judgments (Leiden: Brill, 2006), 195–218.
Messick, Brinkley, “Indexing the Self: Intent and Expression in Islamic Legal Acts,” Islamic Law and Society, 8, 2 (2001): 151–78.
Miller, Larry Benjamin, “Islamic Disputation Theory: A Study of the Development of Dialectic in Islam from the Tenth through Fourteenth Centuries” (PhD dissertation, Princeton University, 1984).
Miller, William Ian, Eye for an Eye (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006).
Minattur, J., “The Nature of Malay Customary Law,” Malaya Law Review, 6, 2 (1964): 327–52.
Mir-Hosseini, Ziba, “The Construction of Gender in Islamic Legal Thought and Strategies for Reform,” Hawwa, 1, 1 (2003): 1–28.
Mir-Hosseini, Ziba, Marriage on Trial: A Study of Islamic Family law: Iran and Morocco Compared (London and New York: I. B. Tauris, 1993).
Miṣrī, , The Reliance of the Traveller, see under Miṣrī, above.
Mitchell, Ruth, “Family Law in Algeria before and after the 1404/1984 Family Code,” in Gleave, R. and Kermeli, E., eds., Islamic Law: Theory and Practice (London: I. B. Taurus, 1997), 194–204.
Mitchell, Timothy, Colonising Egypt (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988).
Mitchell, Timothy, “Limits of the State: Beyond Statist Approaches and their Critics,” American Political Science Review, 85, 1 (1991): 77–96.
Mitchell, Timothy, Rule of Experts: Egypt, Techno-Politics, Modernity (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002).
Modarressi, Hossein, “Rationalism and Traditionalism in Shiʿi Jurisprudence: A Preliminary Survey,” Studia Islamica, 59 (1984): 141–58.
Mohanty, Chandra T., Russo, Ann and Torres, Lourdes, Third World Women and the Politics of Feminism (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1991).
Moors, Annelies, “Debating Islamic Family Law: Legal Texts and Social Practices,” in Meriwether, M. L. and Tucker, Judith E., eds., Social History of Women and Gender in the Modern Middle East (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1999), 141–75.
Moors, Annelies, “Gender Relations and Inheritance: Person, Power and Property in Palestine,” in Kandiyoti, Deniz, ed., Gendering the Middle East (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1996), 69–84.
Mottahedeh, Roy, Loyalty and Leadership in an Early Islamic Society (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1980).
Motzki, Harald, The Origins of Islamic Jurisprudence: Meccan Fiqh before the Classical Schools, trans. Katz, Marion H. (Leiden: Brill, 2002).
Motzki, Harald, “The Role of Non-Arab Converts in the Development of Early Islamic Law,” Islamic Law and Society, 6, 3 (1999): 293–317.
Mundy, Martha, “Ownership or Office: A Debate in Islamic Hanafite Jurisprudence over the Nature of the Military ‘Fief,’ from the Mamluks to the Ottomans,” in Pottage, Alain and Mundy, Martha, eds., Law, Anthropology, and the Constitution of the Social: Making Persons and Things (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004), 142–65.
el-Nahal, Galal H., The Judicial Administration of Ottoman Egypt in the Seventeenth Century (Chicago and Minneapolis: Bibliotheca Islamica, 1979).
Narayan, Uma, “The Project of Feminist Epistemology: Perspectives from a Nonwestern Feminist,” in Harding, Sandra, ed., The Feminist Standpoint Theory Reader: Intellectual and Political Controversies (New York: Routledge, 2004), 213–24.
Naveh, Immanuel, “The Tort of Injury and Dissolution of Marriage at the Wife's Initiative in Egyptian Maḥkamat al-Naqḍ Rulings,” Islamic Law and Society, 9, 1 (2002): 16–41.
Needham, Joseph, Science and Civilization in China, 7 vols. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1954–).
Newman, A., “The Nature of the Akhbārī/Uṣūlī Dispute in Late Ṣafawid Iran. Part 1: ʿAbdallāh al-Samāhijī's ‘Munyat al-Mumārisīn’,” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 55, 1 (1992): 24–38.
Newman, A., “The Nature of the Akhbārī/Uṣūlī Dispute in Late Ṣafawid Iran, Part 2: The Conflict Reassessed,” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 55, 2 (1992): 250–61.
Nietzsche, Friedrich, Human, All Too Human, trans. Hollingdale, R. J. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).
Nietzsche, Friedrich, “On Truth and Lies in a Nonmoral Sense,” in Breazeale, Daniel, ed. and trans., Philosophy and Truth: Selections from Nietzsche's Notebooks of the Early 1870's (Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press, 1979), 80–86.
Noer, Deliar, The Modernist Muslim Movement in Indonesia, 1900–1942 (Singapore and Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press, 1973).
Omar, Farouk, “Guilds in the Islamic City during the Abbasid Period (749–1258 A.D.),” in The Proceedings of International Conference on Urbanism in Islam (ICUIT), vol. II (Tokyo: The Middle East Cultural Center, 1989), 198–217.
Onar, S. S., “The Majalla,” in Khadduri, M. and Liebesny, H. J., eds., Law in the Middle East (Washington, DC: Middle East Institute, 1955), 292–308.
Opwis, Felicitas, “Changes in Modern Islamic Legal Theory: Reform or Reformation?” in Browers, M. and Kurzman, Charles, eds., An Islamic Reformation? (Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2004), 28–53.
Opwis, Felicitas, “Maṣlaḥa in Contemporary Islamic Legal Theory,” Islamic Law and Society, 12, 2 (2005): 182–223.
Ortaylı, İlber, Studies on Ottoman Transformation (Istanbul: Isis Press, 1994).
Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World, vol. III (New York: Oxford University Press, 1995).
Öztürk, Nazif, “Batılılaşma Döneminde Vakıfların Çözülmesine Yol Açan Uygulamalar,” Vakıflar Dergisi, 23 (1994): 297–309.
Öztürk, Nazif, Türk Yenileşme Tarihi Çerçevesinde Vakif Müessesesi (Ankara: Türkiye Diyanet Vakfi, 1995).
Palme-Dutt, R. “The Exploitation of India: A Marxist View,” in Lewis, M. D., ed., The British in India: Imperialism or Trusteeship? (Boston: D. C. Heath and Co., 1962), 41–52.
Parker, Geoffrey, The Military Revolution: Military Innovation and the Rise of the West, 1500–1800 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988).
Pearl, David and Menski, Werner, Muslim Family Law (London: Sweet & Maxwell, 1998).
Pedersen, Johannes, The Arabic Book, trans. French, Geoffrey (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1984).
Peirce, Leslie, Morality Tales: Law and Gender in the Ottoman Court of Aintab (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003).
Peirce, Leslie, “‘She Is Trouble … and I Will Divorce Her’: Orality, Honor, and Misrepresentation in the Ottoman Court of ʿAintab,” in Hambly, Gavin, ed., Women in the Medieval Islamic World: Power, Patronage, and Piety (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1998), 269–300.
Peletz, Micheal G., Islamic Modern: Religious Courts and Cultural Politics in Malaysia (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2002).
Peters, Rudolph, “Administrators and Magistrates: The Development of a Secular Judiciary in Egypt, 1842–1871,” Die Welt des Islams, 39, 3 (1999): 378–97.
Peters, Rudolph, Crime and Punishment in Islamic Law: Theory and Practice from the Sixteenth to the Twenty-First Century, in Hallaq, Wael, series ed., Themes in Islamic Law, no. 2 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005).
Peters, Rudolph, Islam and Colonialism (The Hague: Mouton, 1979).
Peters, Rudolph, “Islamic and Secular Criminal Law in Nineteenth Century Egypt: The Role and Function of the Qadi,” Islamic Law and Society, 4, 1 (1997): 70–90.
Petry, Carl F., “Class Solidarity versus Gender Gain: Women as Custodians of Property in Later Medieval Egypt,” in Keddie, N. and Baron, B., eds., Women in Middle Eastern History: Shifting Boundaries in Sex and Gender (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1991), 122–42.
Petry, Carl F., “Conjugal Rights versus Class Prerogatives: A Divorce Case in Mamlūk Cairo,” in Humbly, Gavin, ed., Women in the Medieval Islamic World: Power, Patronage, and Piety (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1998), 227–40.
Piotrovsky, Mikhail B., “Late Ancient and Early Medieval Yemen: Settlement, Traditions and Innovations,” in King, G. R. D. and Cameron, Avril, eds., The Byzantine and Early Islamic Near East, 3 vols. (Princeton, NJ: The Darwin Press, 1994), II, 213–20.
Pollard, Lisa, “Learning Gendered Modernity: The Home, the Family, and the Schoolroom in the Construction of Egyptian National Identity (1885–1919),” in Sonbol, Amira, ed., Beyond the Exotic: Women's Histories in Islamic Societies (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2005), 249–69.
Potts, D. T., The Arabian Gulf in Antiquity, 2 vols. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990).
Powers, David S., “Four Cases Relating to Women and Divorce in al-Andalus and the Maghrib, 1100–1500,” in Masud, M.et al., eds., Dispensing Justice in Islam: Qadis and their Judgments (Leiden: Brill, 2006), 383–409.
Powers, David S., Law, Society, and Culture in the Maghrib, 1300–1500 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002).
Powers, David S., “Legal Consultation (futyā) in Medieval Spain and North Africa,” in Mallat, Chibli, ed., Islam and Public Law: Classical and Contemporary Studies (London and Boston: Graham & Trotman, 1993), 85–106.
Powers, David S., “On Judicial Review in Islamic Law,” Law and Society Review, 26 (1992): 315–41.
Powers, David S., “Orientalism, Colonialism and Legal History: The Attack on Muslim Family Endowments in Algeria and India,” Comparative Studies in Society and History, 31, 3 (July 1989): 535–71.
Powers, David S., Studies in Qurʾan and Hadith: The Formation of the Islamic Law of Inheritance (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986).
Powers, Paul R., Intent in Islamic Law: Motive and Meaning in Medieval Sunnī Fiqh (Leiden: Brill, 2006).
al-Qattan, Najwa, “Dhimmis in the Muslim Court: Documenting Justice in Ottoman Damascus, 1775–1860” (PhD dissertation, Harvard University, 1996).
al-Qattan, Najwa, “Dhimmīs in the Muslim Court: Legal Autonomy and Religious Discrimination,” International Journal of Middle East Studies, 31, 3 (1999): 429–44.
al-Qattan, Najwa, “Litigants and Neighbors: The Communal Topography of Ottoman Damascus,” Comparative Study in Society and History, 44, 3 (2002): 511–33.
Quataert, Donald, “The Age of Reforms, 1812–1914,” in İnalcık, Halil and Quataert, Donald, eds., An Economic and Social History of the Ottoman Empire 1300–1914 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994), 759–943.
Quataert, Donald, Ottoman Manufacturing in the Age of the Industrial Revolution (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993).
Rafeq, Abdul-Karim, “The Application of Islamic Law in the Ottoman Courts in Damascus: The Case of the Rental of Waqf Land,” Masud, M.et al., eds., Dispensing Justice in Islam: Qadis and their Judgments (Leiden: Brill, 2006), 411–25.
Rahman, Fazlur, “Interpreting the Qurʾan,” Inquiry, 3 (May 1986): 45–49.
Rahman, Fazlur, “Towards Reformulating the Methodology of Islamic Law: Sheikh Yamani on ‘Public Interest’ in Islamic Law,” New York University Journal of International Law and Politics, 12 (1979): 219–24.
Rapoport, Yossef, Marriage, Money and Divorce in Medieval Islamic Society (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005).
Raymond, A., “The Role of the Communities (Tawaʾif) in the Administration of Cairo in the Ottoman Period,” in Hanna, Nelly, ed., The State and its Servants: Administration of Egypt from Ottoman Times to the Present (Cairo: The American University in Cairo Press, 1995), 32–43.
Rayner, S. E., The Theory of Contracts in Islamic Law (London: Graham & Trotman, 1991).
Repp, Richard Cooper, The Müfti of Istanbul: A Study on the Development of Ottoman Learned Hierarchy (London and Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Ithaca Press, 1986).
Rezaei, Hassan, “The Iranian Criminal Justice under the Islamization Project,” European Journal of Crime, 10, 1 (January 2002): 54–69.
Rheinstein, Max, ed., see Weber.
Ringer, Monica, “Negotiating Modernity: Ulama and the Discourse of Modernity in Nineteenth-Century Iran,” in Jahanbegloo, R., ed., Iran between Tradition and Modernity (Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2004), 39–50.
Roberts, Richard and Mann, Kristin, “Law in Colonial Africa,” in Mann, Kristin and Roberts, Richard, eds., Law in Colonial Africa (Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 1991), 3–58.
Rosen, Lawrence, The Anthropology of Justice: Law as Culture in Islamic Society (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989).
Rosen, Lawrence, “Justice in Islamic Culture and Law,” in Khare, R. S., ed., Perspectives on Islamic Law, Justice, and Society (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 1999), 33–52.
Rosen, Lawrence, The Justice of Islam: Comparative Perspectives on Islamic Law and Society (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000).
Rosenthal, Franz, see Ibn Khaldūn.
Rubin, Avi, “Ottoman Modernity: The Nizamiye Courts in the Late Nineteenth Century” (PhD dissertation, Harvard University, 2006).
Rubin, Uri, “Ḥanīfiyya and Kaʿba: An Inquiry into the Arabian Pre-Islamic Background of Dīn Ibrāhīm,” Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam, 13 (1990): 85–112.
Sabahi, Hatim M., Darb Zubayda: The Pilgrim Road from Kufa to Mecca (Riyadh: Riyadh University Libraries, 1980).
Sadka, Emily, The Protected Malay States, 1875–1895 (Kuala Lumpur: University of Malaya Press, 1968).
Sagiv, David, Fundamentalism and Intellectuals in Egypt, 1973–1993 (London: Frank Cass, 1995).
Said, Edward W., Culture and Imperialism (New York: Knopf, 1993).
Said, Edward W., Orientalism (New York: Vintage Books, 1979).
Saiyid, Dushka, Muslim Women of the British Punjab: From Seclusion to Politics (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1998).
Santillana, David, Istituzioni di diritto musulmano Malichita, 2 vols. (Rome: Pubblicazioni dell'Istituto per l'Oriente, 1925).
Sautayra, Edouard and Cherbonneau, Eugene, Droit musulman du statut personnel et des successions, 2 vols. (Paris: Maisonneuve et Cie, 1873–74).
Schacht, Joseph, “From Babylonian to Islamic Law,” Yearbook of Islamic and Middle Eastern Law 1994, I (London: Kluwer Law International, 1995): 29–33.
Schacht, Joseph, An Introduction to Islamic Law (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1964).
Schacht, Joseph, The Origins of Muhammadan Jurisprudence (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1950).
Schirazi, Asghar, The Constitution of Iran: Politics and the State in the Islamic Republic, trans. O'Kane, John (London and New York: I. B. Tauris, 1997).
Seng, Yvonne J., “Invisible Women: Residents of Early Sixteenth-Century Istanbul,” in Hambly, Gavin, ed., Women in the Medieval Islamic World: Power, Patronage, and Piety (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1998), 241–68.
Seng, Yvonne J., “Standing at the Gates of Justice: Women in the Law Courts of Early Sixteenth-Century Isküdar, Istanbul,” in Hirsch, Susan and Lazarus-Black, M., eds., Contested States: Law, Hegemony and Resistance (New York: Routledge, 1994), 184–206.
Serjeant, R. B., “The Constitution of Medina,” Islamic Quarterly, 8 (1964): 3–16.
Serrano, Delfina, “Twelve Court Cases on the Application of Penal Law under the Almoravids,” in Masud, M.et al., eds., Dispensing Justice in Islam: Qadis and their Judgments (Leiden: Brill, 2006), 473–92.
Shafir, Gershon, Land, Labor and the Origins of the Israeli–Palestinian Conflict 1882–1914 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989).
Shaham, Ron, “Women as Expert Witnesses in Pre-Modern Islamic Courts,” in Shaham, R., ed., Law, Custom, and Statute in the Muslim World (Leiden: Brill, 2007), 41–65.
Shaltūt, Maḥmūd, “The Koran and Fighting,” trans. in Peters, R., Jihad in Classical and Modern Islam: A Reader (Princeton, NJ: Markus Wiener, 1996), 60–101.
Sharabi, Hisham, Neopatriarchy: A Theory of Distorted Change in Arab Society (New York: Oxford University Press, 1988).
Shatzmiller, Maya, The Berbers and the Islamic State (Princeton, NJ: Markus Wiener, 2000).
Sherif, Adel O., “The Rule of Law in Egypt from a Judicial Perspective: A Digest of the Landmark Decisions of the Supreme Constitutional Court of Egypt,” in Cotran, E. and Yamani, M., eds., The Rule of Law in the Middle East and the Islamic World: Human Rights and the Judicial Process (London: I. B. Tauris, 2000), 1–34.
Shiraishi, Takashi, An Age in Motion: Popular Radicalism in Java, 1912–1926 (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1990).
Siddiqi, Muhammad Zameeruddin, “The Institution of the Qazi under the Mughals,” Medieval India, 1 (1969): 240–59.
Siddiqi, Muhammad Zameeruddin, “The Muhtasib under Aurangzeb,” Medieval India Quarterly, 5 (1963): 113–19.
Singha, Radhika, A Despotism of Law: Crime and Justice in Early Colonial India (Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1998).
Slemon, Stephen, “The Scramble for Post-colonialism,” in Ashcroft, Billet al., eds., The Post-colonial Studies Reader (London: Routledge, 1995), 45–52.
SnouckHurgronje, C. Hurgronje, C., The Achehnese, trans. O'Sullivan, A. W. S., 2 vols. (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1906).
Sohrabi, Nader, “Revolution and State Culture: The Circle of Justice and Constitutionalism in 1906 Iran,” in Steinmetz, George, ed., State/Culture: State Formation after the Cultural Turn (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1999), 253–88.
Somel, Selcuk Akin, The Modernization of Public Education in the Ottoman Empire, 1839–1908: Islamization, Autocracy, and Discipline (Leiden: Brill, 2001).
Sonbol, Amira El-Azhary, “Ṭāʿa and Modern Legal Reform: A Reading,” Islam and Christian–Muslim Relations, 9, 3 (1998): 285–94.
Sonn, Tamara. “Fazlur Rahman,” in Esposito, John L., ed., The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World, 4 vols. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1995), III, 408.
Soroush, Abdolkarim, “The Ideal Islamic State: An Unattainable Quest,” 2. Available at www.drsoroush.com/English/News_Archive/E-NWS-20060108-TheIdealIslamicState-AnUnattainableQuest.html. Last accessed May 9, 2007.
Soroush, ʿAbdulkarim, al-Qabḍ wal-Basṭ, see section 1 of this Bibliography, above.
Soroush, ʿAbdulkarim, Reason, Freedom and Democracy in Islam (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000).
Spectorsky, Susan, “Sunnah in the Responses of Isḥāq B. Rāhawayh,” in Weiss, Bernard, ed., Studies in Islamic Legal Theory (Leiden: Brill, 2002), 51–74.
Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty, “Can the Subaltern Speak?” in Williams, P. and Chrisman, L., eds., Colonial Discourse and Post-Colonial Theory: A Reader (New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1993), 66–111.
Starr, June, “A Pre-Law Stage in Rural Turkish Disputes Negotiations,” in Gulliver, P. H., ed., Cross-Examinations: Essays in Memory of Max Gluckman (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1978), 110–32.
Starr, June, “When Empires Meet: European Trade and Ottoman Law,” in Hirsch, Susan and Lazarus-Black, M., eds., Contested States: Law, Hegemony and Resistance (New York: Routledge, 1994), 231–52.
Strawson, John, “Islamic Law and English Texts,” Law and Critique, 6, 1 (1995): 21–38.
Stol, M., “Women in Mesopotamia,” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, 38, 2 (1995): 123–44.
Stone, Ferdinand F., “A Primer on Codification,” Tulane Law Review, 29 (1954–55): 303–10.
Tallett, Frank, War and Society in Early Modern Europe, 1495–1715 (London and New York: Routledge, 1992).
Thomas, Nicholas, Colonialism's Culture: Anthropology, Travel and Government (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1994).
Thung, Michael, “Written Obligations from the 2nd/8th to the 4th Century,” Islamic Law and Society, 3, 1 (1996): 1–12.
Tibawi, A. L., “Origin and Character of al-Madrasah,” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 25 (1962): 225–38.
Tilly, Charles, Coercion, Capital and European States: AD 990–1990 (Cambridge, MA: Blackwell, 1990).
Toulmin, Stephen, Cosmopolis: The Hidden Agenda of Modernity (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992).
Toynbee, Arnold J., A Study of History, abridgement by D. C. Somervell, 2 vols. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1947).
Tsafrir, Nurit, The History of an Islamic School of Law: The Early Spread of Hanafism (Cambridge, MA: Islamic Legal Studies Program, 2004).
Tucker, Judith E., In the House of the Law: Gender and Islamic Law in Ottoman Syria and Palestine (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998).
Tucker, Judith E., “Marriage and Family in Nablus, 1720–1856: Toward a History of Arab Marriage,” Journal of Family History, 13, 1 (1988): 165–79.
Tucker, Judith E., “Revisiting Reform: Women and the Ottoman Law of Family Rights, 1917,” Arab Studies Journal, 4, 2 (1996): 4–17.
Tucker, Judith E., Women in Nineteenth Century Egypt (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985).
Turgay, Üner A., “The British–German Trade Rivalry in the Ottoman Empire, 1880–1914: Discord in Imperialism,” in Warner, J. L., ed., Cultural Horizons (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2001), 168–87.
Tyan, Émile, “Le notariat et le régime de la preuve par écrit dans la pratique du droit musulman,” Annales de l'École Française de Droit de Beyrouth, 2 (1945): 1–99.
Udovitch, Abraham L., Partnership and Profit in Medieval Islam (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1970).
Martin, Bruinessen, “Tarekat and Tarekat Teachers in Madurese Society,” in Jonge, H.et al., eds., Across Madura Strait (Leiden: KITLV Press, 1995), 91–117.
Creveld, Martin L., The Rise and Decline of the State (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999).
Boogert, Maurits H., The Capitulations and the Ottoman Legal System (Leiden: Brill, 2005).
Leeuwen, Richard, Waqfs and Urban Structures: The Case of Ottoman Damascus (Leiden: Brill, 1999).
Vollenhoven, Cornelius, Het Adatrecht van Nederlansch-Indië, 3 vols. (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1918).
VerSteeg, Russ, Early Mesopotamian Law (Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 2000).
Vikør, Knut S., Between God and the Sultan: A History of Islamic Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005).
Vogel, Frank, Islamic Law and Legal System: Studies of Saudi Arabia (Leiden: Brill, 2000).
Wakin, Jeanette A., The Function of Documents in Islamic Law: The Chapters on Sales from Ṭaḥāwī's Kitāb al-Shurūṭ al-Kabīr (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1972).
Wakin, Jeanette A., “Interpretation of the Divine Command in the Jurisprudence of Muwaffaq al-Dīn Ibn Qudāmah,” in Heer, N., ed., Islamic Law and Jurisprudence: Studies in Honor of Farhat J. Ziadeh (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1990), 33–53.
Wallerstein, Immanuel Maurice, Uncertainties of Knowledge (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2004).
Weber, Max, Max Weber on Law in Economy and Society, ed. Rheinstein, Max (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1966).
Weber, Max, From Max Weber, see Gerth, H. H. and C. W. Mills.
Weiss, Bernard G., “Knowledge of the Past: The Theory of Tawātur according to Ghazālī,” Studia Islamica, 61 (1985): 81–105.
Weiss, Bernard G., “Language and Tradition in Medieval Islam: The Question of al-Ṭarīq Ilā Maʿrifat al-Lugha,” Der Islam: Zeitschrift fur Geschichte und Kultur des Islamischen Orients, 61, 1 (1984): 92–99.
Weiss, Bernard G., The Search for God's Law: Islamic Jurisprudence in the Writings of Sayf al-Din al-Amidi (Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1992).
Weiss, Bernard G., The Spirit of Islamic Law (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1998).
Weiss, Bernard G., ed., Studies in Islamic Legal Theory (Leiden: Brill, 2002).
Welchman, Lynn, Beyond the Code: Muslim Family Law and the Sharʿi Judiciary in the Palestinian West Bank (The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2000).
Welchman, Lynn, “Special Stipulations in the Contract of Marriage: Law and Practice in the Occupied West Bank,” Recht van de Islam, 11 (1994): 55–77.
Wichard, Johannes Christian, Zwischen Markt und Moschee (Paderborn: F. Schöningh, 1995).
Wikan, Unni, Behind the Veil in Arabia: Women in Oman (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991).
Würth, A., “A Sanaʿa Court: The Family and the Ability to Negotiate,” Islamic Law and Society, 2, 3 (1995): 320–40.
Yamey, Basil S., “Accounting and the Rise of Capitalism: Further Notes on a Theme by Sombart,” Journal of Accounting Research, 2, 2 (1964): 117–36.
Yanagihashi, Hiroyuki, A History of the Early Islamic Law of Property (Leiden: Brill, 2004).
Yassari, Nadjma, “Iranian Family Law in Theory and Practice,” Yearbook of Islamic and Middle Eastern Law 2002–3, IX (Leiden: Brill, 2004): 43–64.
Yeğenoğlu, Meyda, Colonial Fantasies: Towards a Feminist Reading of Orientalism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998).
Yilmaz, Ihsan, “Secular Law and the Emergence of Unofficial Turkish Law,” Middle East Journal, 56, 1 (2002): 113–31.
Young, Robert J. C., “Foucault on Race and Colonialism,” New Formations, 25 (Summer 1995): 57–65.
Young, Robert J. C., White Mythologies (London and New York: Routledge, 1990).
Young, Walter, “Defining Casuistry in Islamic Law” (Unpublished paper; presented at the 41st Annual Meeting of the Middle East Studies Association, November 2007, Montreal), 107 pages.
Zaman, Muhammad Qasim, Religion and Politics under the Early ʿAbbāsids (Leiden: Brill, 1997).
Zaman, Muhammad Qasim, The Ulama in Contemporary Islam: Custodians of Change (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2002).
Zantout, Mida R., “Khulʿ Between Past and Present” (MA thesis, McGill University, 2006).
Zarinebaf-Shahr, Fariba, “Women, Law, and Imperial Justice in Ottoman Istanbul in the Late Seventeenth Century,” in Sonbol, Amira el-Azhary, ed., Women, the Family, and Divorce Laws in Islamic History (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1996), 81–96.
Zebiri, Kate, Maḥmūd Shaltūt and Islamic Modernism (New York: Oxford University Press, 1993).
Zeghal, Malika, “Religion and Politics in Egypt: The Ulema of al-Azhar, Radical Islam, and the State (1952–94),” International Journal of Middle East Studies, 31, 3 (1999): 371–99.
Ziadeh, Farhat Jacob, “Equality (Kafāʾah) in the Muslim Law of Marriage,” American Journal of Comparative Law, 6 (1957): 503–17.
Ziadeh, Farhat Jacob, Lawyers, the Rule of Law and Liberalism in Modern Egypt (Stanford, CA: Hoover Institute, 1968).
Zilfi, Madeline C., The Politics of Piety: The Ottoman Ulema in the Postclassical Age (1600–1800) (Minneapolis: Bibliotheca Islamica, 1988).
Zilfi, Madeline C., “We Don't Get Along: Women and Hul Divorce in the Eighteenth Century,” in Zilfi, M. C., ed., Women in the Ottoman Empire: Middle Eastern Modern Women in the Early Modern Era (Leiden and New York: Brill, 1997), 264–96.
Zubaida, Sami, Islam, the People and the State: Essays on Political Ideas and Movements in the Middle East (London and New York: Routlege, 1989).
Zubaida, Sami, Law and Power in the Islamic World (London and New York: I. B. Tauris, 2003).