Skip to main content Accessibility help
  • Cited by 93
  • 36.99 (USD)
    Digital access for individuals
    (PDF download and/or read online)
    Add to cart
    Added to cart
    Digital access for individuals
    (PDF download and/or read online)
    View cart
  • Export citation
  • Buy a print copy
  • Recommend to librarian

Book description

Social sequence analysis includes a diverse and rapidly growing body of methods that social scientists have developed to help study complex ordered social processes, including chains of transitions, trajectories and other ordered phenomena. Social sequence analysis is not limited by content or time scale and can be used in many different fields, including sociology, communication, information science and psychology. Social Sequence Analysis aims to bring together both foundational and recent theoretical and methodological work on social sequences from the last thirty years. A unique reference book for a new generation of social scientists, this book will aid demographers who study life-course trajectories and family histories, sociologists who study career paths or work/family schedules, communication scholars and micro-sociologists who study conversation, interaction structures and small-group dynamics, as well as social epidemiologists.


‘Social Sequence Analysis is the first comprehensive conceptual, theoretical, and methodological overview of an important and interdisciplinary research paradigm. Essential reading for researchers in sociology and related social sciences.'

Andrew Abbott - Gustavus F. and Ann M. Swift Distinguished Service Professor, University of Chicago

‘Social Sequence Analysis is a must-read book for anyone interested in the temporal unfolding of social events. Taking up the charge first raised by Andrew Abbott many years ago, this book provides a careful and detailed examination of the history and theoretical grounding of sequence methods in the social sciences. This book provides the tools needed to think about social sequences in a grounded, pragmatic fashion in a way that opens new doors for social theory. Well written, clearly argued, and filled with practical guides, this is a methods text for all thinking social scientists.'

James Moody - Robert O. Keohane Professor of Sociology, Duke University

‘Social Sequence Analysis: Methods and Applications offers the first comprehensive look at sequence analysis for the social sciences. It provides useful guidance into the different families of statistical methods adapted to sequences that emerged in the social sciences a couple of decades ago. Benjamin Cornwell has written a much-needed book that should prove invaluable to social scientists interested in sequence analysis.'

Laurent Lesnard - CNRS Professor of Sociology, Sciences Po, France

‘Social Sequence Analysis beautifully links two of the major revolutionary developments in social science over the past three decades - networks and sequences - to make sense of the deeply ordered nature of social life. Cornwell stops at every station along what is arguably the most important pathway for gaining insight into the social world with elegant methodological contributions that should change how we do social science.'

Peter Bearman - Cole Professor of Social Science, Columbia University

Refine List

Actions for selected content:

Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Save to Kindle
  • Save to Dropbox
  • Save to Google Drive

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.


Aassve, Arnstein, Billari, Francesco C., and Piccarreta, Raffaella. 2007. “Strings of Adulthood: A Sequence Analysis of Young British Women's Work-Family Trajectories.” European Journal of Population 23:369–88.
Abbott, Andrew. 1983. “Sequences of Social Events.” Historical Methods 16:129–47.
Abbott, Andrew. 1988. “Transcending General Linear Reality.” Sociological Theory 6:169–86.
Abbott, Andrew. 1990. “A Primer on Sequence Methods.” Organization Science 1:375–92.
Abbott, Andrew. 1992. “From Causes to Events: Notes on Narrative Positivism.” Sociological Methods & Research 20:428–55.
Abbott, Andrew. 1995. “Sequence Analysis: New Methods for Old Ideas.” Annual Review of Sociology 21:93–113.
Abbott, Andrew. 1998. “The Causal Devolution.” Sociological Methods & Research 27:148–81.
Abbott, Andrew. 2000. “Reply to Levine and Wu: Sequence Analysis.” Sociological Methods & Research 29:65–76.
Abbott, Andrew. 2001. Time Matters: On Theory and Method. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Abbott, Andrew, and Forrest, John. 1986. “Optimal Matching Methods for Historical Sequences.” Journal of Interdisciplinary History 16:471–94.
Abbott, A., and Hrycak, A.. 1990. “Measuring Resemblance in Sequence Data: An Optimal Matching Analysis of Musicians’ Careers.” American Journal of Sociology 96:144–85.
Abbott, Andrew, and Tsay, Angela. 2000. “Sequence Analysis and Optimal Matching Methods in Sociology: Review and Prospect.” Sociological Methods & Research 29:3–33.
Abell, Peter. 1987. The Syntax of Social Life. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Abell, Peter. 2004. “Narrative Explanation: An Alternative to Variable-Centered Explanation?Annual Review of Sociology 30:287–310.
Abelson, R. P. 1981. “Psychological Status of the Script Concept.” American Psychologist 36:715–29.
Aisenbrey, S., and Fasang, A. E.. 2010. “New Life for Old Ideas: The ‘Second Wave’ of Sequence Analysis: Bringing the ‘Course’ Back into the Life Course.” Sociological Methods & Research 38:420–62.
Alba, Richard D. 1973. “A Graph-Theoretic Definition of a Sociometric Clique.” Journal of Mathematical Sociology 3:113–26.
Aldenderfer, Mark S., and Blashfield, Roger K.. 1984. Cluster Analysis. Sage University Papers Series. Quantitative Applications in the Social Science.
Allison, Paul D. 1984. Event History Analysis: Regression for Longitudinal Event Data. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
Amenta, Edwin, Caren, Neal, Olasky, Sheera Joy, and Stobaugh, James E.. 2009. “All the Movements Fit to Print: Who, What, When, Where, and Why SMO Families Appeared in the New York Times in the Twentieth Century.” American Sociological Review 74:636–56.
Anderson, Theodore W., and Goodman, Leo A.. 1957. “Statistical Inference about Markov Chains.” The Annals of Mathematical Statistics 28:89–110.
Anthill, J., and Woodhead, R.. 1990. Critical Path Methods in Construction Practice, 4th edition. New York: Wiley.
Anyadike-Danes, Michael, and McVicar, Duncan. 2005. “You'll Never Walk Alone: Childhood Influences and Male Career Path Clusters.” Labour Economics 12:511–30.
Ashforth, Blake E., Kreiner, Glen E., and Fugate, Mel. 2000. “All in a Day's Work: Boundaries and Micro Role Transitions.” The Academy of Management Review 25:472–91.
Bakeman, Roger, and Dorval, Bruce. 1989. “The Distinction between Sampling Independence and Empirical Independence in Sequential Analysis.” Behavioral Assessment 11:31–7.
Bakeman, Roger, and Gottman, John M.. 1997. Observing Interaction: An Introduction to Sequential Analysis, 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bakeman, Roger, and Quera, Vicenç. 2011. Sequential Analysis and Observational Methods for the Behavioral Sciences. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Bales, Robert Freed. 1951. Interaction Process Analysis: A Method for the Study of Small Groups. Cambridge, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Bales, Robert F., and Strodtbeck, Fred L.. 1951. “Phases in Group Problem-Solving.” The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology 46:485–95.
Barbieri, Katherine, Keshk, Omar, and Pollins, Brian. 2010. Correlates of War Project: International Trade Data, 1870–2006. ICPSR24385-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor].
Barker, R. C. 1968. Ecological Psychology: Concepts and Methods for Studying the Environment of Human Behavior. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Barker, R. G., and Wright, H. F.. 1955. Midwest and Its Children: The Psychological Ecology of an American Town. New York: Harper & Row.
Batagelj, Vladimir, and Mrvar, Andrej. 1998. “Pajek – Program for Large Network Analysis.” Connections 21:47–57.
Beal, Daniel J., and Weiss, Howard M.. 2003. “Methods of Ecological Momentary Assessment in Organizational Research.” Organizational Research Methods 6(4):440–64.
Bearman, Peter. “Generalized Exchange.” 1997. American Journal of Sociology 102:1383–1415.
Bearman, Peter S., and Stovel, Katherine. 2000. “Becoming a Nazi: A Model for Narrative Networks.” Poetics 27:69–90.
Bearman, Peter S., Faris, Robert, and Moody, James. 1999. “Blocking the Future: New Solutions for Old Problems in Historical Social Science.” Social Science History 23:501–33.
Becker, Gary. 1981. A Treatise on the Family. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Bell, D. 1973. The Coming of Post-Industrial Society. New York: Basic.
Belli, Robert. 1998. “The Structure of Autobiographical Memory and the Event History Calendar: Potential Improvements in the Quality of Retrospective Reports in Surveys.” Memory 6:383–406.
Belli, Robert F., Stafford, Frank P., and Alwin, Duane F.. 2008. Calendar and Time Diary Methods in Life Course Research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Berghammer, Caroline. 2012. “Family Life Trajectories and Religiosity in Austria.” European Sociological Review 28:127–44.
Berkman, Lisa F., Glass, Thomas, Brissette, Ian, and Seeman, Teresa E.. 2000. “From Social Integration to Health: Durkheim in the New Millennium.” Social Science & Medicine 51:843–57.
Bianchi, Suzanne M., Milkie, Melissa A.. 2010. “Work and Family Research in the First Decade of the 21st Century.” Journal of Marriage and Family 72:705–25.
Bianchi, Suzanne M., Milkie, Melissa A., Sayer, Liana C., and Robinson, John P.. 2000. “Is Anyone Doing the Housework? Trends in the Gender Division of Household Labor.” Social Forces 79:191–228.
Biemann, Torsten. 2011. “A Transition-Oriented Approach to Optimal Matching.” Sociological Methodology 41:195–221.
Billari, Francesco C., and Piccarreta, Raffaella. 2005. “Analyzing Demographic Life Courses through Sequence Analysis.” Mathematical Population Studies 12:81–106.
Bilmes, Jack. 1999. “Questions, Answers, and the Organization of Talk in the 1992 Vice Presidential Debate: Fundamental Considerations.” Research on Language and Social Interaction 32:213–42.
Bin, Yu Sun, Marshall, Nathaniel S., and Glozier, Nick. 2013. “Sleeping at the Limits: The Changing Prevalence of Short and Long Sleep Durations in 10 Countries.” American Journal of Epidemiology 177:826–33.
Bison, Ivano. 2014. “Sequence as Network: An Attempt to Apply Network Analysis to Sequence Analysis.” Pp. 231–48 in Advances in Sequence Analysis: Theory, Method, Applications, edited by Blanchard, Philippe, Bhülmann, Felix, and Gauthier, Jacques-Antoine. New York: Springer.
Bittman, Michael and Wajcman, Judy. 2000. “The Rush Hour: The Character of Leisure Time and Gender Equity.” Social Forces 79:165–89.
Blair-Loy, Mary.1999. “Career Patterns of Executive Women in Finance: An Optimal Matching Analysis.” American Journal of Sociology 104:1346–97.
Blanchard, Philippe, Buhlmann, Felix, and Gauthier, Jacques-Antoine. 2012. “Sequence Analysis in 2012.” Presentation at the Lausanne Conference on Sequence Analysis (LaCOSA), June, Lausanne, Switzerland.
Blanchard, Philippe, Buhlmann, Felix, and Gauthier, Jacques-Antoine. (Eds.). 2014. Advances in Sequence Analysis: Methods, Theories and Applications. New York: Springer.
Blau, Peter M. 1977. Inequality and Heterogeneity. New York: Free Press.
Blum-Kulka, Shoshana. 1983. “The Dynamics of Political Interviews.” Text-Interdisciplinary Journal for the Study of Discourse 3:131–54.
Blumer, Herbert. 1969. Symbolic Interactionism: Perspective and Method. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Bolger, Niall, Davis, Angelina, and Rafaeli, Eshkol. 2003. “Diary Methods: Capturing Life as it is Lived.” Annual Review of Psychology 54:579–616.
Bonacich, Phillip. 1987. “Power and Centrality: A Family of Measures.” American Journal of Sociology 92: 1170–82.
Bonacich, Phillip. 2007. “Some Unique Properties of Eigenvector Centrality.” Social Networks 29:555–64.
Bonacich, Phillip, and Lloyd, Paulette. 2001. “Eigenvector-Like Measures of Centrality for Asymmetric Relations.” Social Networks 23:191–201.
Boons, Frank, Spekkink, Wouter, and Jiao, Wenting. 2014. “A Process Perspective on Industrial Symbiosis.” Journal of Industrial Ecology 18:341–55.
Borgatti, Stephen P. 2002. NetDraw: Graph Visualization Software. Harvard, MA: Analytic Technologies.
Borgatti, Stephen P., and Everett, Martin G.. 1992. “Notions of Position in Social Network Analysis.” Sociological Methodology 22:1–35.
Borgatti, Stephen P., and Everett, Martin G.. 1997. “Network Analysis of 2-Mode Data.” Social Networks 19:243–69.
Borgatti, S.P., and Everett, M. G.. 1999. “Models of Core/Periphery Structures.” Social Networks 21:375–95.
Borgatti, Stephen P., Everett, Martin G., and Freeman, Linton C.. 2002. Ucinet for Windows: Software for Social Network Analysis.
Borgatti, Stephen P., Everett, Martin G., and Shirey, Paul R.. 1990. “LS Sets, Lambda Sets and Other Cohesive Subsets.” Social Networks 12:337–57.
Borgatti, Stephen P., and Halgin, Daniel S.. 2011. “Analyzing Affiliation Networks.” Pp. 417–33 in The Sage Handbook of Social Network Analysis, edited by Carrington, Peter J. and Scott, John. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Bourdieu, Pierre. 1984. Distinction. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Bourdieu, Pierre., and Wacquant, Loïc J. D.. 1992. An Invitation to Reflexive Sociology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Bradley, James V. 1968. Distribution-Free Statistical Tests. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Brandt, Martina, Deindl, Christian, and Hank, Karsten.2012. “Tracing the Origins of Successful Aging: The Role of Childhood Conditions and Social Inequality in Explaining Later Life health.” Social Science & Medicine 74:1418–25.
Bras, Hilde, Liefbroer, Aart C., and Elzinga, Cees H.. 2010. “Standardization of Pathways to Adulthood? An Analysis of Dutch Cohorts Born between 1850 and 1900.” Demography 47: 1013–34.
Breiger, Ronald L. 1974. “The Duality of Persons and Groups.” Social Forces 53:181–90.
Brockwell, Peter J., and Davis, Richard A.. 2009. Time Series: Theory and Methods. Springer.
Brown, Cliff. 1998. “Racial Conflict and Split Labor Markets: The AFL Campaign to Organize Steel Workers, 1918–1919.” Social Science History 22:319–47.
Brown, Cliff. 2000. “The Role of Employers in Split Labor Markets: An Event-Structure Analysis of Racial Conflict and AFL Organizing, 1917–1919.” Social Forces 79 (2):653–81.
Brown, Cliff, and Boswell, Terry. 1995. “Strikebreaking or Solidarity in the Great Steel Strike of 1919: A Split Labor Market, Game-Theoretic, and QCA Analysis.” American Journal of Sociology 100:1479–1519.
Brown, Cliff, and Brueggemann, John. 1997. “Mobilizing Interracial Solidarity: A Comparison of the 1919 and 1937 Steel Industry Labor Organizing Drives.” Mobilization 2:47–70.
Brown, Jacqueline Johnson, and Reingen, Peter H.. 1987. “Social Ties and Word-of-Mouth Referral Behavior.” Journal of Consumer Research 14:350–62.
Browning, Christopher R., and Laumann, Edward O.. 1997. “Sexual Contact between Children and Adults: A Life Course Perspective.” American Sociological Review 62:540–60.
Brueggemann, John, and Boswell, Terry. 1998. “Realizing Solidarity Sources of Interracial Unionism during the Great Depression.” Work and Occupations 25:436–82.
Brueggemann, John, and Brown, Cliff. 2003. “The Decline of Industrial Unionism in the Meatpacking Industry: Event-Structure Analyses of Labor Unrest, 1946–1987.” Work and Occupations 30(3):327–60.
Brusco, Michael, and Steinley, Douglas. 2006. Inducing a Blockmodel Structure of Two-Mode Binary Data Using Seriation Procedures. Journal of Mathematical Psychology 50:468–77.
Brzinsky-Fay, Christian. 2007. “Lost in Transition? Labour Market Entry Sequences of School Leavers in Europe.” European Sociological Review 23:409–22.
Brzinsky-Fay, Christian, and Kohler, Ulrich. 2010. “New Developments in Sequence Analysis.” Sociological Methods & Research 38:359–64.
Brzinsky-Fay, Christian, Kohler, Ulrich, and Luniak, Magdalena. 2006. “Sequence Analysis with Stata.” Stata Journal 6:435–60.
Buliung, Ronald N., and Kanaroglou, Pavlos S.. 2006. “A GIS Toolkit for Exploring Geographies of Household Activity/Travel Behavior.” Journal of Transport Geography 14:35–51.
Burgess, Ernest W. 1925. “The Growth of the City.” Pp. 47–62 in The City, edited by Park, Robert E., Burgess, Ernest W., and McKenzie, Roderick D.. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Burt, Ronald S. 1976. “Positions in Networks.” Social Forces 55:93–122.
Burt, Ronald S. 1992. Structural Holes: The Social Structure of Competition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Burt, Ronald S. 2000. “Decay Functions.” Social Networks 22:1–28.
Burt, Ronald S. 2002. “Bridge Decay.” Social Networks 24:333–63.
Butts, Carter T. 2008. “A Relational Event Framework for Social Action.” Sociological Methodology 38:155–200.
Butts, Carter T., and Pixley, Joy E.. 2004. “A Structural Approach to the Representation of Life History Data.” The Journal of Mathematical Sociology 28(2):81–124.
Calinski, T., and Harabasz, J.. 1974. “A Dendrite Method for Cluster Analysis.” Communications in Statistics 3:1–27.
Callahan, M. T., Quackenbush, D. G., and Rowing, J. E.. 1992. Construction Project Scheduling. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Callander, Steven. 2007. “Bandwagons and Momentum in Sequential Voting.” The Review of Economic Studies 74:653–68.
Camic, Charles. 1986. “The Matter of Habit.” American Journal of Sociology 91 (5):1039–87.
Carley, K.M. 1999. “On the Evolution of social and Organizational Networks.” Research in the Sociology of Organizations 16:3–30.
Carlstein, Tommy. 1982. Time Resources, Society, and Ecology: On the Capacity for Human Interaction in Space and Time. London: Allen & Unwin.
Carlstein, Tommy, Parkes, Don, and Thrift, Nigel, Eds. 1978. Timing Space and Spacing Time, Vols. 1 and 2. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Carriero, Renzo, Ghysels, Joris, and van Klaveren, Chris. 2009. “Do Parents Coordinate Their Work Schedules? A Comparison of Dutch, Flemish, and Italian Dual-Earner Households.” European Sociological Review 25:603–17.
Castells, Manuel. 1996. The Rise of the Network Society. Maiden, MA: Blackwell.
Chan, Tak Wing. 1995. “Optimal Matching Analysis: A Methodological Note on Studying Career Mobility.” Work and Occupations 22:467–90.
Chase, Ivan D. 1980. “Social Process and Hierarchy Formation in Small Groups: A Comparative Perspective.” American Sociological Review 45:905–24.
Chase, Ivan D. 1991. “Vacancy Chains.” Annual Review of Sociology 17:133–54.
Chase-Dunn, C. 1998. Global Formation: Structures of the World-Economy. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.
Chatfield, Chris. 2003. The Analysis of Time Series: An Introduction. Chapman and Hall/CRC.
Chatzitheochari, Stella, and Arber, Sara. 2012. “Class, Gender and Time Poverty: A Time-Use Analysis of British Workers’ Free Time Resources.” The British Journal of Sociology 63:451–71.
Chun, Young Hak, and Platt, Marjorie. 1992. “On the Sequential Selection Problem.” Decision Sciences 23:1251–62.
Clark, Rob, and Beckfield, Jason. 2009. “A New Trichotomous Measure of World-System Position using the International Trade Network.” International Journal of Comparative Sociology 50:5–38.
Clegg, Benjamin A., DiGirolamo, Gregory J., and Keele, Steven W.. 1998. “Sequence Learning.” Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (8):275–81.
Cohen, Asher, Ivry, Richard I., and Keele, Steven W.. 1990. “Attention and structure in sequence learning.” Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 16:17–30.
Cohn, Jeffrey F., and Tronick, Edward Z.. 1987. “Mother–Infant Face-to-Face Interaction: The sequence of Dyadic States at 3, 6, and 9 months.” Developmental Psychology 23:68–77.
Colley, Rachel C., Garriguet, Didier, Janssen, Ian, Craig, Cora L., Clarke, Janine, and Tremblay, Mark S.. 2011. “Physical Activity of Canadian Children and Youth: Accelerometer Results from the 2007 to 2009 Canadian Health Measures Survey.” Health Reports 22(1):15–23.
Collins, Randall. 2004. Interaction Ritual Chains. Princeton, NJ: Princeton.
Conaldi, Guido, Lomi, Alessandro. 2013. “The Dual Network Structure of Organizational Problem solving: A Case Study on Open Source Software Development.” Social Networks 35:237–50.
Conaldi, Guido, Lomi, Alessandro, and Tonellato, Marco. 2012. “Dynamic Models of Affiliation and the Network Structure of Problem Solving in an Open Source Software Project.” Organizational Research Methods 15:385–412.
Cornwell, Benjamin. 2012. “Spousal Network Overlap as a Basis for Spousal Support.” Journal of Marriage and Family 74: 229–38.
Cornwell, Benjamin. 2013. “Switching Dynamics and the Stress Process.” Social Psychology Quarterly 76:99–124.
Cornwell, Benjamin, Curry, Timothy J., and Schwirian, Kent P.. 2003. “Revisiting Long's Ecology of Games: A Network Approach.” City & Community 2:121–42.
Cornwell, Benjamin, and Warburton, Elizabeth. 2014. “Work Schedules and Community Ties.” Work and Occupations 41:139–74.
Cornwell, Benjamin, and Watkins, Kate. 2015. “Sequence-Network Analysis: A New Framework for Studying Everyday Action.” Forthcoming in Advances in Group Processes.
Corrales-Herrero, H., and Rodríguez-Prado, B.. 2012. “Characterizing Spanish Labour Pathways of Young People with Vocational Lower-Secondary Education.” Applied Economics 44:3777–92.
Corsaro, W. A. and Heise, D. R.. 1990. “Event Structure Models from Ethnographic Data.” Sociological Methodology 20:1–57.
Croushore, Dean. 2011. “Frontiers of Real-Time Data Analysis.” Journal of Economic Literature 49:72–100.
Danna-Lynch, Karen. 2010. “Switching Roles: The Process of Mental Weighing.” Poetics 38:165–83.
Davis, Allison, Gardner, Burleigh Bradford, and Gardner, Mary R.. 1941. Deep South: A Social Anthropological Study of Caste and Class. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Davis, J. A. 1979. “The Davis/Holland/Leinhardt studies: An Overview.” Pp. 51–62 in Perspectives on Social Network Research, edited by Holland, P. W. and Leinhardt, S.. New York: Academic Press.
de Nooy, Wouter, Mrvar, Andrej, and Batagelj, Vladimir. 2011. Exploratory Social Network Analysis with Pajek, Revised and Expanded, 2nd ed. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Denton, Nancy A., and Massey, Douglas S.. 1991. “Patterns of Neighborhood Transition in a Multiethnic World: US Metropolitan Areas, 1970–1980.” Demography 28:41–63.
Dewey, J. 1922. Human Nature and Conduct. New York: Holt.
D'haeseleer, Patrik. 2006. “How Does DNA Sequence Motif Discovery Work?Nature Biotechnology 24 (8):959–61.
Diggle, Peter, Heagerty, Patrick, Liang, Kung-Yee, Zeger, Scott. 2013. Analysis of Longitudinal Data. New York: Oxford University Press.
Dijkstra, W., and Taris, T.. 1995. “Measuring the Agreement between Sequences.” Sociological Methods and Research 24:214–31.
DiMaggio, Paul. 1997. “Culture and Cognition.” Annual Review Sociology 23:263–87.
Dixon, Marc. 2008. “Movements, Countermovements and Policy Adoption: The Case of Right-to-Work Activism.” Social Forces 87 (1):473–500.
Dockray, Samantha, Grant, Nina, Stone, Arthur A., Kahneman, Daniel, Wardle, Jane, and Steptoe, Andrew. 2010. “A Comparison of Affect Ratings Obtained with Ecological Momentary Assessment and the Day Reconstruction Method.” Social Indicators Research 99 (2):269–83.
Doreian, Patrick. 2002. “Event Sequences as Generators of Social Network Evolution.” Social Networks 24:93–119.
Doreian, Patrick, Batagelj, Vladimir, and Ferligoj, Anuška. 2004a. “Generalized Blockmodeling of Two-Mode Network Data.” Social Networks 26:29–53.
Doreian, Patrick, Batagelj, Vladimir, and Ferligoj, Anuška. 2004b. Generalized Blockmodeling. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Doreian, Patrick, Kapuscinski, Roman, Krackhardt, David, and Szczypula, Janusz. 1996. “A Brief History of Balance through Time.” The Journal of Mathematical Sociology 21:113–31.
Doreian, Patrick, Lloyd, Paulette, and Mrvar, Andrej. 2013. “Partitioning Large Signed Two-Mode Networks: Problems and Prospects.” Social Networks 35:178–203.
Doreian, Patrick, and Stokman, Frans N., editors. 1997 Evolution of Social Networks. Amsterdam, the Netherlands: Gordon and Breach.
Drago, Robert. 2011. “Secondary Activities in the 2006 American Time Use Survey”. BLS Working papers. No. 446. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Dribe, Martin, and Stanfors, Maria. 2009. “Does Parenthood Strengthen a Traditional Household Division of Labor? Evidence from Sweden.” Journal of Marriage & Family 71:33–45
Dubes, Richard, and Jain, Anil K.. 1980. “Clustering Methodologies in Exploratory Data Analysis.” Advances in Computers 19:113–228.
Dufwenberg, Martin, and Kirchsteiger, Georg. 2004. “A Theory of Sequential Reciprocity.” Games and Economic Behavior 47: 268–98.
Durkheim, Émile. [1893] 1997. The Division of Labor in Society. New York: Free Press.
Durkheim, Émile. [1897] 1951. Suicide. New York: Free Press.
Ebaugh, Helen Rose Fuchs. 1988. Becoming an Ex: The Process of Role Exit. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Edin, Kathryn, and Kefalas, Maria J.. 2005. Promises I Can Keep: Why Poor Women Put Motherhood before Marriage. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Eerola, Mervi, and Helske, Satu. “Statistical Analysis of Life History Calendar Data.” Statistical Methods in Medical Research, forthcoming.
Ekeh, Peter P. 1974. Social Exchange Theory: The Two Traditions. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Elliott, Jane. 2005. Using Narrative in Social Research: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. London: Sage.
Elzinga, Cees H. 2003. “Sequence Similarity: A Non-Aligning Technique.” Sociological Methods & Research 31:3–29.
Elzinga, Cees H. 2005. “Combinatorial Representations of Token Sequences.” Journal of Classification 22:87–118.
Elzinga, Cees H. 2007. CHESA 2.1 User Manual. Amsterdam: Vrije Universiteit.
Elzinga, Cees H. 2010. “Complexity of Categorical Time Series.” Sociological Methods & Research 38:463–81.
Elzinga, Cees H. 2014. “Distance, Similarity, and Sequence Comparison.” Pp. 51–73 in Advances in Sequence Analysis: Theory, Method, Applications, edited by Blanchard, Philippe, Bhülmann, Felix, and Gauthier, Jacques-Antoine. New York: Springer.
Elzinga, Cees H., Rahmann, Sven, and Wang, Hui. 2008. “Algorithms for Subsequence Combinatorics.” Theoretical Computer Science 409 (3):394–404.
Emerson, Richard M. 1962. “Power-Dependence Relations.” American Sociological Review 27:31–41.
Emirbayer, Mustafa. 1997. “Manifesto for a Relational Sociology.” American Journal of Sociology 103:281–317.
Erikson, E. H. 1950. Childhood and Society. New York: Norton.
Everett, Martin G., and Borgatti, Stephen P.. 2005. “Ego Network Betweenness.” Social Networks 27:31–38.
Everett, Martin G., and Borgatti, Stephen P.. 2013. “The Dual-Projection Approach for Two-Mode Networks.” Social Networks 35:204–10.
Everitt, Brian S., Landau, Sabine, Leese, Morven, and Stahl, Daniel. 2011. Cluster Analysis. West Sussex, UK: Wiley.
Falleti, Tulia G. 2005. “A Sequential Theory of Decentralization: Latin American Cases in Comparative Perspective.” American Political Science Review 99:327–46.
Fasang, Anette Eva. 2012. “Retirement Patterns and Income Inequality.” Social Forces 90:685–711.
Fasang, Anette Eva. 2014. “New Perspectives on Family Formation: What Can We Learn from Sequence Analysis?” Pp. 107–28 in Advances in Sequence Analysis: Theory, Method, Applications, edited by Blanchard, Philippe, Bhülmann, Felix, and Gauthier, Jacques-Antoine. New York: Springer.
Faust, Katherine. 1997. “Centrality in Affiliation Networks.” Social Networks 19:157–91.
Feld, Scott L. 1981. “The Focused Organization of Social Ties.” American Journal of Sociology 86:1015–35.
Fenwick, Rudy, and Tausig, Mark. 2001. “Scheduling Stress: Family and Health Outcomes of Shift Work and Schedule Control.” American Behavioral Scientist 44:1179–98.
Fernández, Cristina, Gimenez-Nadal, I., and Sevilla-Sanz, A.. 2010. “Gender Roles and the Household Division of Unpaid Work: Evidence from the Spanish Time Use Survey.” Feminist Economics 16(4):137–84.
Fernández, Alberto, and Gómez, Sergio. 2008. “Solving Non-uniqueness in Agglomerative Hierarchical Clustering Using Multidendrograms.” Journal of Classification 25:43–65.
Field, Sam, Frank, Kenneth A., Schiller, Kathryn, Riegle-Crumb, Catherine, and Muller, Chandra. 2006. “Identifying Positions from Affiliation Networks: Preserving the Duality of People and Events.” Social Networks 28:97–123.
Fienberg, S. 1980. The Analysis of Cross-Classified Categorical Data, 2nd edition. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Fillieule, Olivier. 2010. “Some Elements of an Interactionist Approach to Political Disengagement.” Social Movement Studies 9 (1):1–15.
Fioretti, Guido. 2009. “A Model of Vacancy Chains as a Mechanism for Resource Allocation.” Journal of Mathematical Sociology 34:52–75.
Fisher, Kimberly, Gershuny, Jonathan, Altintas, Evrim, and Gauthier, Anne H.. 2012. Multinational Time Use Study – User's Guide and Documentation, Version 5. Oxford, UK: University of Oxford.
Fiss, Peer C. 2007. “A Set-Theoretic Approach to Organizational Configurations.” Academy of Management Review 32:1180–98.
Flaherty, Michael G. 1999. A Watched Pot: How We Experience Time. New York: New York University.
Frank, O., and Strauss, D.. 1986. “Markov Graphs.” Journal of the American Statistical Association 81:832–42.
Freedman, Vicki A., Stafford, Frank, Schwarz, Norbert, and Conrad, Frederick. 2013. “Measuring Time Use of Older Couples: Lessons from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics.” Field Methods 25:405–22.
Freeman, Linton. 1977. “A Set of Measures of Centrality Based upon Betweenness.” Sociometry 40:35–41.
Freeman, Linton. 1979. “Centrality in Social Networks: Conceptual Clarification.” Social Networks 1:215–39.
Freeman, Linton C., Borgatti, Stephen P., and White, Douglas R.. 1991. “Centrality in Valued Graphs: A Measure of Betweenness Based on Network Flow.” Social Networks 13:141–54.
Freud, Sigmund. [1905] 1953. “Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality.” Pp. 135–243 in The Standard Edition of the Complete Works of Sigmund Freud, vol 7. London: Hogarth.
Friedkin, Noah E., and Johnsen, Eugene C.. 2011. Social Influence Network Theory: A Sociological Examination of Small Group Dynamics. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Frith, Hannah, and Kitzinger, Celia. 2001. “Reformulating Sexual Script Theory: Developing a Discursive Psychology of Sexual Negotiation.” Theory & Psychology 11:209–32.
Frye, Margaret, and Trinitapoli, Jenny. In press. “Ideals as Anchors for Relationship Experiences.” American Sociological Review.
Fuller, Wayne A. 2009. Introduction to Statistical Time Series. New York: Wiley.
Futoran, Gail Clark, Kelly, Janice R., and McGrath, Joseph E.. 1989. “TEMPO: A Time-Based System for Analysis of Group Interaction Process.” Basic and Applied Social Psychology 10:211–32.
Gabadinho, Alexis, Ritschard, Gilbert, Studer, Matthias, and Müller, Nicalas S.. 2009. Mining Sequence Data in R with the TraMineR Package: A User's Guide for Version 1.2. Geneva: University of Geneva. Available online: Accessed 3/10/2013.
Garfinkel, Harold. 1967. Studies in Ethnomethodology. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Gauthier, Jacques-Antoine, Widmer, Eric D., Bucher, Philipp, and Notredame, Cédric. 2010. “Multichannel Sequence Analysis Applied to Social Science Data.” Sociological Methodology 40:1–38.
Gebauer, Ronald. 2011. “Cadres on the Diplomatic Stage. The Social Origins and Career Patterns of GDR's Ambassadors.” Historical Social Research 36 (1):311–20.
George, Linda K. 1993. “Sociological Perspectives on Life Transitions.” Annual Review of Sociology 19:353–73.
Gershuny, Jonathan. 2000. Changing Times: Work and Leisure in Postindustrial Society. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Gershuny, Jonathan. 2011. “Increasing Paid Work Time? A New Puzzle for Multinational Time-diary Research.” Social Indicators Research 101:207–13.
Gershuny, Jonathan, and Robinson, John P.. 1988. “Historical Changes in the Household Division of Labor.” Demography 25:537–52.
Gibbons, Robert. 1992. Game Theory for Applied Economists. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Gibson, David R. 2003. “Participation Shifts: Order and Differentiation in Group Conversation.” Social Forces 81:1335–80.
Gibson, David R. 2005a. “Concurrency and Commitment: Network Scheduling and Its Consequences for Diffusion.” Journal of Mathematical Sociology 29:295–323.
Gibson, David R. 2005b. “Taking Turns and Talking Ties: Network Structure and Conversational Sequence.” American Journal of Sociology 110:1561–97.
Gibson, David R. 2012. Talk at the Brink: Deliberation and Decision during the Cuban Missile Crisis. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Giddens, Anthony. 1984. The Constitution of Society: Outline of the Theory of Structuration. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
Gioia, D. A., and Poole, P. P.. 1984. “Scripts in Organizational Behavior.” Academy of Management Review 9:449–59.
Glasner, Tina, and Van der Vaart, Wander. 2009. “Applications of calendar instruments in Social Surveys: A Review.” Quality and Quantity 43:333–49.
Glass, L. M., and Glass, R. J.. 2008. “Social Contact Networks for the Spread of Pandemic Influenza in Children And Teenagers.” BMC Public Health 8:61.
Glorieux, Ignace, Laurijssen, Ilse, Minnen, Joeri, and van Tienoven, Theun Pieter. 2010. “In Search of the Harried Leisure Class in Contemporary Society: Time-Use Surveys and Patterns of Leisure Time Consumption.” Journal of Consumer Policy 33:163–81.
Goffman, Erving. 1959. The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. New York: Doubleday.
Goffman, Erving. 1961. Encounters: Two Studies in the Sociology of Interaction. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill.
Goffman, Erving. 1967: Interaction Ritual: Essays on Face-to-Face Behavior. New York: Anchor Books.
Goffman, Erving. 1974. Frame Analysis: An Essay on the Organization of Experience. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Goldthorpe, J. H. 2000. On Sociology: Numbers, Narratives, and the Integration of Research and Theory. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Gottman, John Mordechai. 1979. Marital Interaction: Experimental Investigations. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Gottman, John Mordechai, and Roy, Anup Kumar. 1990. Sequential Analysis: A Guide for Behavioral Researchers. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Gould, Roger V. and Fernandez, R. M.. 1989. “Structures of Mediation: A Formal Approach to Brokerage in Transaction Networks.” Sociological Methodology 19:89–126.
Grassi, Rosanna, Stefani, Silvana, and Torriero, Anna. 2007. “Some New Results on the Eigenvector Centrality.” Journal of Mathematical Sociology 31:237–48.
Gray, Anne. 2005. “The Changing Availability of Grandparents as Careers and Its Implications for Childcare Policy in the UK.” Journal of Social Policy 34(4):557–77.
Greene, Derek, Doyle, Dónal, and Cunningham, Pádraig. 2010. “Tracking the Evolution of Communities in Dynamic Social Networks.” International Conference on Advances in Social Networks Analysis and Mining (ASONAM).
Greener, Ian. 2005. “The Potential of Path Dependence in Political Studies.” Politics 25:62–72.
Griffin, Larry J. 1993. “Narrative, Event-Structure Analysis, and Causal Interpretation in Historical Sociology.” American Journal of Sociology 98:1094–1133.
Griffin, Larry J., and Korstad, Robert R.. 1998. “Historical Inference and Event-Structure Analysis.” International Review of Social History 43:145–65.
Hägerstrand, Torsten. 1970. “What about People in Regional Science?Papers of the Regional Science Association 24:6–21.
Halkidi, Maria, Batistakis, Yannis, and Vazirgiannis, Michalis. 2001. “On Clustering Validation Techniques.” Journal of Intelligent Information Systems 17:107–45.
Halpin, Brendan. 2010. “Optimal Matching Analysis and Life-Course Data: The Importance of Duration.” Sociological Methods & Research 38:365–88.
Halpin, Brendan. 2014. “Three Narratives of Sequence Analysis.” Pp. 75–103 in Advances in Sequence Analysis: Theory, Method, Applications, edited by Blanchard, Philippe, Bhülmann, Felix, and Gauthier, Jacques-Antoine. New York: Springer.
Halpin, Brendan, and Cban, Tak Wing. 1998. “Class Careers as Sequences: An Optimal Matching Analysis of Work-Life Histories.” European Sociological Review 14: 111–30.
Hamermesh, Daniel S. 2002. “Timing, Togetherness, and Time Windfalls.” Journal of Population Economics 15:601–23.
Hamm, R. M. 2003. “Medical Decision Scripts: Combining Cognitive Scripts and Judgment Strategies to Account Fully for Medical Decision-Making.” Pp. 315–45 in Thinking: Psychological Perspectives on Reasoning, Judgment and Decision-making, edited by Hardman, D. and Macchi, L.. Chichester, UK: Wiley.
Han, Shin-Kap. 2014. “Motif of Sequence, Motif in Sequence.” Pp. 21–38 in Advances in Sequence Analysis: Theory, Method, Applications, edited by Blanchard, Philippe, Bhülmann, Felix, and Gauthier, Jacques-Antoine. New York: Springer.
Han, Shin-Kap, and Moen, Phyllis. 1999a. “Clocking out: Temporal Patterning of Retirement.” American Journal of Sociology 105:191–236.
Han, Shin-Kap, and Moen, Phyllis. 1999b. “Work and Family over Time: A Life Course Approach.” The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 562:98–110.
Harary, Frank. 1969. Graph Theory. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Harding, David J. 2007. “Cultural Context, Sexual Behavior, and Romantic Relationships in Disadvantaged Neighborhoods.” American Sociological Review 72 (3):341–64.
Healy, Kieran, and Moody, James W.. 2014. “Data Visualization in Sociology.” Annual Review of Sociology 40:105–28.
Heeringa, Steven G., West, Brady T., and Berglund, Patricia A. 2010. Applied Survey Data Analysis. Boca Raton, FL: Chapman and Hall.
Heinz, John P., Laumann, Edward O., Nelson, Robert L., and Salisbury, Robert H.. 1993. The Hollow Core: Private Interests in National Policy Making. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Heise, D. R. 1989. “Modelling Event Structures.” Journal of Mathematical Sociology 14:139–69.
Hektner, J.M., Schmidt, J. A., and Csikszentmihalyi, M.. 2007. Experience Sampling Method: Measuring the Quality of Everyday Life. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Hitlin, Steven, and Elder, Geld H., Jr. 2007. “Time, Self, and the Curiously Abstract Concept of Agency.” Sociological Theory 25:170–91.
Hochschild, Arlie Russell (with Anne Machung). 1989. The Second Shift. New York: Avon Books.
Hochschild, Arlie Russell. 1997. The Time Bind: When Work Becomes Home and Home Becomes Work. New York: Holt.
Hofstadter, Douglas R. 1979. Gödel, Escher, Bach: An Eternal Golden Braid. New York: Basic Books.
Holland, Paul W., and Leinhardt, Samuel. 1971. “Transitivity in Structural Models of Small Groups.” Comparative Group Studies 2:107–24.
Hollister, Matissa. 2009. “Is Optimal Matching Suboptimal?Sociological Methods & Research 38:235–64.
Huisman, Mark. 2009. “Imputation of Missing Network Data: Some Simple Procedures.” Journal of Social Structure 10:1–29.
Inglehart, Ronald. 1997. Modernization and Postmodernization. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Inglehart, Ronald, and Welzel, Christian. 2005. Modernization, Cultural Change, and Democracy: The Human Development Sequence. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Isaac, Larry W., Street, Debra A., and Knapp, Stan J.. 1994. “Analyzing Historical Contingency with Formal Methods: The Case of the ‘Relief Explosion’ and 1968.” Sociological Methods & Research 23:114–41.
Jackson, M.O., and Rogers, B. W.. 2007. “Meeting Strangers and Friends of Friends: How Random are Social Networks?American Economic Review 97:890–915.
Johnson, Michael P., and Leslie, Leigh. 1982. “Couple Involvement and Network Structure: A Test of the Dyadic Withdrawal Hypothesis.” Social Psychology Quarterly 45:34–43.
Joseph, Damien, Boh, Wai Fong, Ang, Soon, and Slaughter, Sandra A.. 2012. “The Career Paths Less (or More) Traveled: A Sequence Analysis of IT Career Histories, Mobility Patterns, and Career Success.” MIS Quarterly-Management Information Systems 36:427–52.
Juster, F. Thomas, Ono, Hiromi, and Stafford, Frank P.. 2003. “An Assessment of Alternative Measures of Time Use.” Sociological Methodology 33:19–54.
Kalleberg, Arne L. 2000. “Nonstandard Employment Relations: Part-Time, Temporary and Contract Work.” Annual Review of Sociology 26:341–65.
Kalleberg, Arne L. 2009. “Precarious Work, Insecure Workers: Employment Relations in Transition.” American Sociological Review 74:1–22.
Kalmijn, Matthijs. 2003. “Shared Friendship Networks and the Life Course: An Analysis of Survey Data on Married and Cohabiting Couples.” Social Networks 25:231–49.
Kaufman, Leonard., and Rousseeuw, Peter J.. 2005. Finding Groups in Data: An Introduction to Cluster Analysis. New York: Wiley.
Keister, Lisa A. 2004. “Capital Structure in Transition: The Transformation of Financial Strategies in China's Emerging Economy.” Organization Science 15:145–58.
Kendon, Adam. 1990. Conducting Interaction: Patterns of Behaviour in Focused Encounters. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Kim, S. and Shin, E.-H.. 2002. “A Longitudinal Analysis of Globalization and Regionalization in International Trade: A Social Network Approach.” Social Forces 81:445–71.
Kim, T., McFee, E., Olguin, D. O., Waber, B., and Pentland, A.. 2012. “Sociometric Badges: Using Sensor Technology to Capture New Forms of Collaboration.” Journal of Organizational Behavior 33(3):412–27.
Kimmel, Jean, and Connelly, Rachel. 2007. “Mothers’ Time Choices: Caregiving, Leisure, Home Production, and Paid Work.” The Journal of Human Resources 42:643–81.
King, Ronald S. 2013. Cluster Analysis and Data Mining: An Introduction. Dulles, VA: Mercury.
Kingston, Paul W., and Nock, Steven L.. 1987. “Time Together among Dual-Earner Couples.” American Sociological Review 52:391–400.
Kleywegt, Anton J., and Papastavrou, Jason D.. 1998. “The Dynamic and Stochastic Knapsack Problem.” Operations Research 46:17–35.
Klumpp, Tilman, and Polborn, Mattias K.. 2006. “Primaries and the New Hampshire Effect.” Journal of Public Economics 90:1073–1114.
Knapp, Mark L., and Vangelisti, Anita L.. 1992. Interpersonal Communication and Human Relationships. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Koskinen, Johan, and Edling, Christofer. 2012. “Modeling the Evolution of a Bipartite Network – Peer Referral in Interlocking Directorates.” Social Networks 34:309–22.
Kossinets, Gueorgi, Kleinberg, Jon, and Watts, Duncan. 2008. “The Structure of Information Pathways in a Social Communication Network.” Paper presented at the 14th International Conference of the Association for Computing Machinery Special Interest Group on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining, Las Vegas, Nevada.
Kruskal, Joseph B., and Wish, Myron.1978. Multidimensional Scaling. Beverly Hills, CA, and London: Sage.
Kryszczuk, Krzysztof, and Hurley, Paul. 2010. “Estimation of the Number of Clusters Using Multiple Clustering Validity Indices.” Multiple Classifier Systems Lecture Notes in Computer Science 5997:114–23.
Larsen, Jonas, Urry, John, and Axhausen, Kay. 2008. “Coordinating Face-to-Face Meetings in Mobile Network Societies.” Information, Communication & Society 11:640–58.
Laumann, Edward O. 1973. Bonds of Pluralism: The Form and Substance of Urban Social Networks. New York: Wiley Interscience.
Laumann, Edward O., Gagnon, John H., Michael, Robert T., Michaels, Stuart. 1994. The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United States. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Laumann, Edward O., and Knoke, David. 1987. The Organizational State: Social Choice in National Policy Domains. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
Laumann, Edward O., Knoke, David, and Kim, Yong-Hak. 1985. “An Organizational Approach to State Policy Formation: A Comparative Study of Energy and Health Domains.” American Sociological Review 50:1–19.
Laumann, E. O., Marsden, P. V., and Prenskv, D.. 1983. “The Boundary Specification Problem in Network Analysis.” Pp. 18–34 in Applied Network Analysis: A Methodological Introduction, edited by Burt, R. S. and Minor, M. J.. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
Lazarsfeld, P. F., and Merton, R. K.. 1954. “Friendship as a Social Process: A Substantive and Methodological Analysis.” Pp. 18–66 in Freedom and Control in Modern Society, edited by Berger, M.. New York: Van Nostrand.
Lehmann-Willenbrock, Nale, Allen, Joseph A., and Kauffeld, Simone. 2013. “A Sequential Analysis of Procedural Meeting Communication: How Teams Facilitate Their Meetings.” Journal of Applied Communication Research 41:365–88.
Lenski, Gerhard. 2005. Ecological-Evolutionary Theory: Principles and Applications. Boulder, CO: Paradigm.
Lerner, Julia, Rapoport, Tamar, and Lomsky-Feder, Edna. 2007. “The Ethnic Script in Action: The Regrounding of Russian Jewish Immigrants in Israel.” Ethos 35:168–95.
Lesnard, Laurent. 2004. “Schedules as Sequences: A New Method to Analyze the Use of Time Based on Collective Rhythm with an Application to the Work Arrangements of French Dual-Earner Couples.” Electronic International Journal of Time Use Research 1:63–88.
Lesnard, Laurent. 2008. “Off-Scheduling within Dual-Earner Couples: An Unequal and Negative Externality for Family Time.” American Journal of Sociology 114:447–90.
Lesnard, Laurent. 2010. “Cost Setting in Optimal Matching to Uncover Contemporaneous Socio-Temporal Patterns.” Sociological Methods & Research 38:389–419.
Lesnard, Laurent, and Kan, Man Yee. 2011. “Investigating Scheduling of Work: A Two-Stage Optimal Matching Analysis of Workdays and Workweeks.” Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society) 174:349–68.
Lester, J., Choudhury, T., and Borriello, G.. 2006. “A Practical Approach to Recognizing Physical Activities.” Lecture Notes in Computer Science 3968:1–16.
Levenshtein, Vladimir I. [1965] 1966. “Binary Codes Capable of Correcting Deletions, Insertions, and Reversals.” Soviet Physics Doklady 10:707–10.
Levine, Joel H. 2000. “But What Have You Done for Us Lately?: Commentary on Abbott and Tsay: Sequence Analysis.” Sociological Methods & Research 29:34–40.
Lewis, J. David, and Weigert, Andrew J.. 1981. “The Structures and Meanings of Social Time.” Social Forces 60:432–62.
Liu, Hui, Wang, Qiu, Keesler, Venessa, and Schneider, Barbara. 2011. “Non-Standard Work Schedules, Work-Family Conflict and Parental Well-Being: A Comparison of Married and Cohabiting Unions.” Social Science Research 40:473–84.
Longest, Kyle C., and Vaisey, Stephen. 2008. “fuzzy: A Program for Performing Qualitative Comparative Analyses (QCA) in Stata.” Stata Journal 8:79–104.
Lord, Robert G., and Kernan, Mary C.. 1987. “Scripts as Determinants of Purposeful Behavior in Organizations.” Academy of Management Review 12:265–77.
Lorrain, Francois, and White, Harrison C.. 1971. “Structural Equivalence of individuals in Social Networks.” Journal of Mathematical Sociology 1:49–80.
Lusher, Dean, Koskinen, Johan, and Robins, Garry, editors. 2013. Exponential Random Graph Models for Social Networks: Theory, Methods, and Applications. New York: Cambridge University Press.
MacIndoe, Heather, and Abbott, Andrew. 2004. “Sequence Analysis and Optimal Matching Techniques for Social Science Data.” Pp. 387–406 in Handbook of Data Analysis, edited by Hardy, M. and Bryman, A.. London: Sage.
Mahoney, James. 2001. “Path-Dependent Explanations of Regime Change: Central America in Comparative Perspective.” Studies in Comparative International Development 36:111–41.
Maoz, Zeev. 2011. Networks of Nations: The Evolution, Structure, and Impact of International Networks, 1816–2001. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Marcum, Christopher Steve, and Butts, Carter T.. In press. “Constructing and Modifying Sequence Statistics for Relevant Using informR in R.” Journal of Statistical Software.
Marks, Michelle A., Mathieu, John E., and Zaccaro, Stephen J.. 2001. “A Temporally Based Framework and Taxonomy of Team Processes.” Academy of Management Review 26:356–76.
Marres, Noortje, and Weltevrede, Esther. 2013. “Scraping the Social? Issues in Live Social Research.” Journal of Cultural Economy 6:313–35.
Marteau, P-F. 2009. “Time Warp Edit Distance with Stiffness Adjustment for Time Series Matching.” IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 31(2):306–18.
Martin, Paul, and Bateson, Patrick Gordon. 2007. Measuring Behavior: An Introductory Guide. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Martin, Peter, Schoon, Ingrid, and Ross, Andy. 2008. “Beyond Transitions: Applying Optimal Matching Analysis to Life Course Research.” International Journal of Social Research Methodology 11:179–99.
Martin, Peter, and Wiggins, Richard D.. 2011. “Optimal Matching Analysis.” Pp. 385–408 in The Sage Handbook of Innovation in Social Research Methods, edited by Williams, M. and Vogt, W. P.. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Massey, Douglas S., and Denton, Nancy A.. 1993. American Apartheid: Segregation and the Making of the Underclass. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Mayer, Karl Ulrich. 2009. “New Directions in Life Course Research.” Annual Review of Sociology 35:413–33.
Mayer, Karl Ulrich, and Tuma, Nancy B.. 1990. Event History Analysis in Life Course Research. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press.
McCulloh, Ian A., and Carley, Kathleen M.. 2008. “Social Network Change Detection.” No. CMU-ISR-08-116. Carnegie Mellon University School of Computer Science, Pittsburgh, PA.
McPherson, J. Miller, Popielarz, Pamela A., and Drobnic, Sonja. 1992. “Social Networks and Organizational Dynamics.” American Sociological Review 57:153–70.
McPherson, Miller, Smith-Lovin, Lynn, and Cook, James M.. 2001. “Birds of a Feather: Homophily in Social Networks.” Annual Review of Sociology 27:415–44.
Merton, Robert K. 1957. Social Theory and Social Structure. New York: Free Press.
Meyn, Sean P., Tweedie, Richard L., and Glynn, Peter W.. 2009. Markov Chains and Stochastic Stability, vol 2. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Michelson, William M. 2005. Time Use: Expanding Explanation in the Social Sciences. Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers.
Milligan, Glenn W. 1980. “An Examination of the Effect of Six Types of Error Perturbation on Fifteen Clustering Algorithms.” Psychometrika 45:325–42.
Milligan, Glenn W., and Cooper, Martha C.. 1985. “An Examination of Procedures for Determining the Number of Clusters in a Dataset.” Psychometrika 50:159–79.
Mills, Melinda, and Täht, Kadri. 2010. “Nonstandard Work Schedules and Partnership Quality: Quantitative and Qualitative Findings.” Journal of Marriage and Family 72:860–75.
Mische, Ann, and White, Harrison. 1998. “Between Conversation and situation: Public Switching Dynamics across Network-Domains.” Social Research695–724.
Moody, James. 2002. “The Importance of Relationship Timing for Diffusion.” Social Forces 81:25–56.
Moody, James, McFarland, Daniel, and Bender-deMoll, Skye. 2005. “Dynamic Network Visualization.” American Journal of Sociology 110:1206–41.
Moody, James, and White, Douglas R.. 2003. “Structural Cohesion and Embeddedness: A Hierarchical Concept of Social Groups.” American Sociological Review 68:103–27.
Morenoff, Jeffrey, and Sampson, Robert J. 1997. “Violent Crime and the Spatial Dynamics of Neighborhood Transition: Chicago, 1970–1990.” Social Forces 76:31–64.
Morris, Martina and Kretzschmar, Mirjam. 1995. “Concurrent Partnerships and Transmission Dynamics in Networks.” Social Networks 17:299–318.
Morton, Rebecca B., and Williams, Kenneth C.. 1999. “Information Asymmetries and Simultaneous Versus Sequential Voting.” American Political Science Review 93:51–67.
Morton, Rebecca B., and Williams, Kenneth C.. 2001. Learning by Voting: Sequential Choices in Presidential Primaries and Other Elections. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.
Müller, Nicolas S., Sapin, Marlène, Jacques-Antoine, Gauthier, Orita, Alina, and Widmer, Eric D.. 2012. “Pluralized Life Courses? An Exploration of the Life Trajectories of Individuals with Psychiatric Disorders.” International Journal of Social Psychiatry 58(3):266–77.
Multinational Time Use Study, Versions World 5.5.3, 5.80 and 6.0 (released October 2012). Created by Gershuny, Jonathan and Fisher, Kimberly, with Altintas, Evrim, Borkosky, Alyssa, Bortnik, Anita, Dosman, Donna, Fedick, Cara, Frederick, Tyler, Gauthier, Anne H., Jones, Sally, Jun, Jiweon, Lai, Aaron, Lin, Qianhan, Lu, Tingting, Lui, Fiona, MacRae, Leslie, Monna, Berenice, Giménez Nadal, José Ignacio, Pauls, Monica, Pawlak, Cori, Shipley, Andrew, Tinonin, Cecilia, Torres, Nuno, Victorino, Charlemaigne, and Yeung, Oiching. Centre for Time Use Research, University of Oxford, United Kingdom.
Myrdal, Jan. 1965. Report from a Chinese Village. New York: Pantheon Books.
Nadel, Siegfried Frederic. 1957. The Theory of Social Structure. London: Cohen & West.
Needleman, Saul B., and Wunsch, Christian D.. 1970. “A General Method Applicable to the Search for Similarities in the Amino Acid Sequence of Two Proteins.” Journal of Molecular Biology 48(3):443–53.
Newcomb, Theodore Mead. 1961. The Acquaintance Process. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
Newman, M. E. J. 2005. “A Measure of Betweenness Centrality Based on Random Walks.” Social Networks 27:39–54.
Nippert-Eng, Christena E. 1996. Home and Work: Negotiating Boundaries through Everyday Life. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Nock, Steven L., and Kingston, Paul W.. 1988. “Time with Children: The Impact of Couples’ Work-Time Commitments.” Social Forces 67:59–85.
Pagán, Ricardo. 2013. “Time Allocation of Disabled Individuals.” Social Science & Medicine 84:80–93.
Page, Scott E. 2006. “Path Dependence.” Quarterly Journal of Political Science 1:87–115.
Park, Robert E. 1950. Race and Culture. Glencoe, IL: The Free Press.
Parkes, Don, and Thrift, Nigel. 1980. Times, Spaces, and Places. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Parsons, Talcott. 1951. The Social System. New York: Free Press.
Pearlin, Leonard I. 2010. “The Life Course and the Stress Process: Some Conceptual Comparisons.” The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences 65:207–15.
Pentland, Brian T., and Feldman, Martha S.. 2007. “Narrative Networks: Patterns of Technology and Organization.” Organization Science 18:781–95.
Pentland, Wendy E., Harvey, Andrew S., Lawton, M. Powell, and McColl, Mary Ann, editors. 1999. Time Use Research in the Social Sciences. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Press.
Perelli-Harris, Brienna, and Gerber, Theodore P.. 2011. “Nonmarital Childbearing in Russia: Second Demographic Transition or Pattern of Disadvantage?Demography 48:317–42.
Pescosolido, Bernice A., and Rubin, Beth A.. 2000. “The Web of Group Affiliations Revisited: Social Life, Postmodernism, and Sociology.” American Sociological Review 65:52–76.
Petzold, Peter, and Haubensak, Gert. 2001. “Higher order sequential Effects in Psychophysical Judgments.” Perception & Psychophysics 63:969–78.
Phipps, P. A., and Vernon, M. K.. 2009. “Twenty-Four Hours.” Pp. 109–28 in Calendar and Time Diary Methods in Life Course Research, edited by Belli, R. F., Stafford, F. P., and Alwin, D. F.. Los Angeles, CA: Sage.
Piaget, J. 1936. Origins of Intelligence in the Child. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Piccarreta, Raffaella, and Billari, Francesco C.. 2007. “Clustering Work and Family Trajectories by Using a Divisive Algorithm.” Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society) 170(4):1061–78.
Pierson, Paul. 2000. “Increasing Returns, Path Dependence, and the Study of Politics.” American Political Science Review 94:251–67.
Pollack, Gary. 2007. “Holistic Trajectories: A Study of Combined Employment, Housing and Family Careers by Using Multiple-Sequence Analysis.” Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A 170:167–83.
Pollock, Gary, Antcliff, Valerie, and Ralphs, Rob. 2002. “Work Orders: Analysing Employment Histories Using Sequence Data.” International Journal of Social Research Methodology 5:91–105.
Pred, Allan. 1977. “The Choreography of Existence: Comments on Hägerstrand's Time-Geography and Its Usefulness.” Economic Geography 53:207–21.
Presser, H. B. 1988. “Shift Work and Child Care among Young Dual-Earner American Parents.” Journal of Marriage and Family 50:133–48.
Presser, H. B. 1994. “Employment Schedules among Dual-Earner Spouses and the Division of Household Labor by Gender.” American Sociological Review 59:348–64.
Presser, H. B. 2000. “Nonstandard Work Schedules and Marital Instability.” Journal of Marriage and Family 62:93–110.
Presser, H. B. 2005. Working in a 24/7 Economy: Challenges for American Families. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Pudrovska, Tetyana, Carr, Deborah, McFarland, Michael, and Collins, Caitlyn. 2013. “Higher-Status Occupations and Breast Cancer: A Life-Course Stress Approach.” Social Science & Medicine 89:53–61.
Ragin, Charles C. 2000. Fuzzy-Set Social Science. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Ragin, Charles C. 2008. Redesigning Social Inquiry: Fuzzy Sets and Beyond. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Ragin, Charles C., Drass, Kriss A. and Davey, Sean. 2006. Fuzzy-Set/Qualitative Comparative Analysis 2.0. Tucson, AZ: Department of Sociology, University of Arizona.
Rapp, John T., Carroll, Regina A., Stangeland, Lindsay, Swanson, Greg, and Higgins, William J.. 2011. “A Comparison of Reliability Measures for Continuous and Discontinuous Recording Methods: Inflated Agreement Scores With Partial Interval Recording and Momentary Time Sampling for Duration Events.” Behavior modification 35(4):389–402.
Reedy, Jill, Wirfält, Elisabet, Flood, Andrew, Mitrou, Panagiota N., Krebs-Smith, Susan M., Kipnis, Victor, Midthune, Douglas, Leitzmann, Michael, Hollenbeck, Albert, Schatzkin, Arthur, and Subar, Amy F.. 2010. “Comparing 3 Dietary Pattern Methods – Cluster Analysis, Factor Analysis, and Index Analysis – With Colorectal Cancer Risk The NIH–AARP Diet and Health Study.” American Journal of Epidemiology 171(4):479–87.
Richardson, John G. 2009. “Mill Owners and Wobblies: The Event Structure of the Everett Massacre of 1916.” Social Science History 33:183–215.
Ridgeway, Cecilia, and Diekema, David. 1989. “Dominance and Collective Hierarchy Formation in Male and Female Task Groups.” American Sociological Review 54:79–93.
Rindova, Violina, Ferrier, Walter J., and Wiltbank, Robert. 2010. “Value from Gestalt: How Sequences of Competitive Actions Create Advantage for Firms in Nascent Markets.” Strategic Management Journal 31:1474–97.
Ripley, R, Snijders, T. A. B.. 2011. Manual for Siena Version 4.0. University of Oxford, Department of Statistics; Nuffield College, Oxford.
Ritter, Frank E., Nerb, Josef, Lehtinen, Erno, and O'shea, Timothy M.. 2007. In Order to Learn: How the Sequence of Topics Influences Learning. New York: Oxford University Press.
Robette, Nicolas. 2010. “The Diversity of Pathways to Adulthood in France: Evidence from a Holistic Approach.” Advances in Life Course Research 15:89–96.
Robette, Nicolas, and Bry, Xavier. 2012. “Harpoon or Bait? A Comparison of Various Metrics in Fishing for Sequence Patterns.” Bulletin of Sociological Methodology 116:5–24.
Robins, Garry, Pattison, Pip, Kalish, Yuval, Lusher, Dean. 2007. “An Introduction to Exponential Random Graph (p*) Models for Social Networks.” Social Networks 29:173–91.
Robinson, John P., and Godbey, Geoffrey. 1997. Time for Life: The Surprising Ways Americans Use Their Time. University Park, PA: The Pennsylvania State University Press.
Rogero-García, Jesús, and Rosenberg, Mark W.. 2011. “Paid and Unpaid Support Received by Co-Resident Informal Caregivers Attending to Community-Dwelling Older Adults in Spain.” European Journal of Ageing 8(2):95–107.
Rogers, Everett M. 2010. Diffusion of Innovations. New York: Free Press.
Rohlf, F. James. 1974. “Methods of Comparing Classifications.” Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 5:101–113.
Romesburg, Charles. [1984] 2004. Cluster Analysis for Researchers. Morrisville, NC: Lulu Press.
Rostow, Walt Whitman. 1962. The Stages of Economic Growth. London: Cambridge University Press.
Roy, John R., and Thill, Jean-Claude. 2004. Spatial Interaction Modelling: A Regional Science Context. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
Sacks, Harvey. 1995. Lectures on Conversation. Cambridge, MA: Basil Blackwell.
Sailer, Lee Douglas. 1978. “Structural Equivalence: Meaning and Definition, Computation and Application.” Social Networks 1:73–90.
Salmela-Aro, Katariina, Kiuru, Noona, Nurmi, Jari-Erik, and Eerola, Mervi. 2011. “Mapping Pathways to Adulthood among Finnish University Students: Sequences, Patterns, Variations in Family-and Work-Related Roles.” Advances in Life Course Research 16:25–41.
Salvato, Carlo. 2009. “Capabilities Unveiled: The Role of Ordinary Activities in the Evolution of Product Development Processes.” Organization Science 20:384–409.
Samuels, Stephen M. 1991. “Secretary Problems.” Handbook of Sequential Analysis 118:381–405.
Sanil, A., Banks, D., and Carley, K. M.. 1995. “Models for Evolving Fixed Node Networks: Model Fitting and Model Testing.” Social Networks 17:65–81.
Sankoff, D. and Kruskal, J. B.. (eds.) 1983. Time Warps, String Edits, and Macromolecules: The Theory and Practice of Sequence Comparison. Reading, MA:Addison-Wesley.
Sauer, Nils Christian, and Kauffeld, Simone. 2013. “Meetings as Networks: Applying Social Network Analysis to Team Interaction.” Communication Methods and Measures 7:26–47.
Schank, R. C, and Abelson, R. P.. 1977. Scripts, Plans, Goals, and Understanding. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Schegloff, Emanuel A. 2007. Sequence Organization in Interaction: A Primer in Conversation Analysis, Vol 1. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Scherer, Stefani. 2001. “Early Career Patterns: A Comparison of Great Britain and West Germany.” European Sociological Review 17(2):119–144.
Schmidt, David, Shupp, Robert, Walker, James M., and Ostrom, Elinor. 2003. “Playing Safe in Coordination Games: The Roles of Risk Dominance, Payoff Dominance, and History of Play.” Games and Economic Behavior 42:281–99.
Schneider, Daniel. 2011. “Market Earnings and Household Work: New Tests of Gender Performance Theory.” Journal of Marriage and Family 73:845–60.
Schor, Juliet B. 1991. The Overworked American. New York: Basic Books.
Schröder, M. (Ed.). 2011. Retrospective Data Collection in the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe. SHARELIFE Methodology. Mannheim, Germany: Mannheim Research Institute for the Economics of Ageing.
Schutz, Alfred. [1932] 1967. The Phenomenology of the Social World. Translated by Walsh, George and Lehnert, Frederick. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press.
Schwirian, Kent P. 1983. “Models of Neighborhood Change.” Annual Review of Sociology 9:83–102.
Seidman, Stephen B., and Foster, Brian L.. 1978. “A Graph-Theoretic Generalization of the Clique Concept.” Journal of Mathematical Sociology 6:139–54.
Shaw, Clifford, and McKay, Henry. 1969. Juvenile Delinquency and Urban Areas, rev. ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Shaw, Shih-Lung, and Yu, Hongbo. 2009. “A GIS-Based Time-Geographic Approach of Studying Individual Activities and Interactions in a Hybrid Physical-Virtual Space.” Journal of Transport Geography 17:141–9.
Shi, Weilei (Stone), and Prescott, John E.. 2011. “Sequence Patterns of Firms’ Acquisition and Alliance Behaviour and their Performance Implications.” Journal of Management Studies 48:1044–70.
Shiffman, Saul, Stone, Arthur A., and Hufford, Michael R.. 2008. “Ecological Momentary Assessment.” Annual Review of Clinical Psychology 4:1–32.
Shriver, Mark D., Frerichs, Lynae J., Williams, Melissa, and Lancaster, Blake M.. 2013. “Comparing Parent-Child Interactions in the Clinic and at Home: An Exploration of the Validity of Clinical Behavior Observations Using Sequential Analysis.” Child & Family Behavior Therapy 35:1–24.
Shumway, Robert H., and Stoffer, David S.. 2010. Time Series Analysis and its Applications. New York: Springer.
Simmel, Georg. [1903] 1971. “The Metropolis and Mental Life.” Pp. 324–39 in Georg Simmel on Individuality and Social Forms, translated and edited by Levine, Donald N.. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Simmel, Georg. [1908] 1950. “The Triad.” Pp. 145–169 in The Sociology of Georg Simmel, translated and edited by Wolff, Kurt H.. New York: Free Press.
Simmel, Georg. [1922] 1955. Conflict and the Web of Group Affiliations, translated and edited by Wolff, Kurt H.. Glencoe, IL: Free Press.
Simon, William, and Gagnon, John H.. 1986. “Sexual Scripts: Permanence and Change.” Archives of Sexual Behavior 15:97–120.
Singer, Judith D., and Willett, John B.. 2003. Applied Longitudinal Data Analysis: Modeling Change and Event Occurrence. New York: Oxford University Press.
Sirven, Nicolas, and Debrand, Thierry. 2012. “Social Capital and Health of Older Europeans: Causal Pathways and Health Inequalities.” Social Science & Medicine 75:1288–95.
Skogan, Wesley. 1990. Disorder and Decline: Crime and the Spiral of Decay in American Neighborhoods. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Skvoretz, John, and Fararo, Thomas J.. 1996. “Status and Participation in Task Groups: A Dynamic Network Model.” American Journal of Sociology 101:1366–1414.
Smith, Adam. [1776] 1976. An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Smith, D., and White, D.. 1992. “Structure and Dynamics of the Global Economy: Network Analysis of International Trade 1965–1980.” Social Forces 70:857–93.
Smithson, Michael. 2005. “Fuzzy Set Inclusion: Linking Fuzzy Set Methods with Mainstream Techniques.” Sociological Methods & Research 33:431–61.
Snijders, T. A. B. 1996. “Stochastic Actor-Oriented Dynamic Network Analysis.” Journal of Mathematical Sociology 21:149–72.
Snijders, T. A. B. 2001. “The Statistical Evaluation of Social Network Dynamics.” Sociological Methodology 31:361–95.
Snijders, Tom A.B., Alessandro, Lomi, Torló, Vanina Jasmine. 2013. “A Model for the Multiplex Dynamics of Two-Mode and One-Mode Networks, with an Application to Employment Preference, Friendship, and Advice.” Social Networks 35:265–76.
Snijders, Tom A. B., Pattison, Phillipa E., Robins, Garry L., and Handcock, Mark S.. 2006. “New Specifications for Exponential Random Graph Models.” Sociological Methodology 36:99–153.
Snijders, Tom A. B., van de Bunt, Gerhard G., and Steglich, Christian E. G.. 2010. “Introduction to Stochastic Actor-Based Models for Network Dynamics.” Social Networks 32:44–60.
Snyder, David, and Kick, Edward L.. 1979. “Structural Position in the World System and Economic Growth, 1955–1970: A Multiple-Network Analysis of Transnational Interactions.” American Journal of Sociology 84:1096–1126.
Sokal, R. and Michener, C.. 1958. “A Statistical Method for Evaluating Systematic Relationships.” University of Kansas Science Bulletin 38:1409–38.
Sokal, Robert R., and Rohlf, F. James. 1962. “The Comparison of Dendrograms by Objective Methods.” Taxon 11:33–40.
Sokal, Robert R., and Sneath, Peter H. A.. 1963. Principles of Numerical Taxonomy. San Francisco, CA: W.H. Freeman
Soller, Brian. 2014. “Caught in a Bad Romance Adolescent Romantic Relationships and Mental Health.” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 55:56–72.
Sorokin, Pitirim A. 1936. “Is Accurate Social Planning Possible?American Sociological Review 1:12–25.
Sorokin, Pitrim A., and Berger, Clarence Q.. 1939. Time-Budgets of Human Behavior. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Sorokin, Pitirim A., and Merton, Robert K.. 1937. “Social Time: A Methodological and Functional Analysis.” The American Journal of Sociology 42:615–29.
South, Scott J., and Crowder, Kyle D.. 1997. “Escaping Distressed Neighborhoods: Individual, Community, and Metropolitan Influences.” American Journal of Sociology 102:1040–84.
Southerton, Dale. 2003. “‘Squeezing Time’: Allocating Practices, Coordinating Networks and Scheduling Society.” Time & Society 12:5–25.
Spilerman, Seymour. 1977. “Careers, Labor Market Structure, and Socioeconomic Achievement.” American Journal of Sociology 83:551–93.
Spiro, Emma S., Acton, Ryan M., and Butts, Carter T.. “Extended Structures of Mediation: Re-Examining Brokerage in Dynamic Networks.” Social Networks 35:130–43.
Stadtfeld, Christoph, and Geyer-Schulz, Andreas. 2011. “Analyzing Event Stream Dynamics in Two-Mode Networks: An Exploratory Analysis of Private Communication in a Question and Answer Community.” Social Networks 33:258–72.
Stark, David, and Vedres, Balázs. 2006. “Social Times of Network Spaces: Network Sequences and Foreign Investment in Hungary.” American Journal of Sociology 111:1367–1411.
Stark, David, and Balázs Vedres. 2012. “Social Sequence Analysis: Ownership Networks, Political Ties, and Foreign Investment in Hungary.” Pp. 347–74 in The Emergence of Organizations and Markets, edited by Padgett, John and Powell, Walter. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Stevenson, William, Zinzow, Heidi, and Sridharan, Sanjeev. 2008. “Using Event Structure Analysis to Understand Planned Social Change.” International Journal of Qualitative Methods 2(2):43–52.
Stewart, Jay. 2010. “The Timing of Maternal Work and Time with Children.” Industrial and Labor Relations Review 64:181–200.
Stewart, Neil, and Brown, Gordon DA. 2004. “Sequence Effects in the Categorization of Tones Varying in Frequency.” Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 30:416–30.
Stone, Arthur A., Shiffman, Saul, Atienza, Audie A., and Nebeling, Linda. 2007. The Science of Real-Time Data Capture. New York: Oxford University Press.
Stovel, Katherine. 2001. “Local Sequential Patterns: The Structure of Lynching in the Deep South, 1882–1930.” Social Forces 79:843–80.
Stovel, Katherine. 2010. “Thoughts on Sequences in Comparative Historical Sociology.” Trajectories 22:5–10.
Stovel, Katherine, Savage, Michael, and Bearman, Peter. 1996. “Ascription into Achievement: Models of Career Systems at Lloyds Bank, 1890–1970.” American Journal of Sociology 102:358–99.
Strauss, Anselm L. 1993. Continual Permutations of Action. New York: Walter de Gruyter.
Suitor, Jill, and Keeton, Shirley. 1997. “Once a Friend, Always a Friend? Effects of Homophily on Women's Support Networks across a Decade.” Social Networks 19:51–62.
Sullivan, Oriel, Billari, Francesco C., and Altintas, Evrim. 2014. “Fathers’ Changing Contributions to Child Care and Domestic Work in Very Low-Fertility Countries The Effect of Education.” Journal of Family Issues 35:1048–65.
Szalai, Alexander. 1972. The Use of Time: Daily Activities of Urban and Suburban Populations in Twelve Countries. The Hague: Mouton and Co.
Täht, Kadri, and Mills, Melinda. 2012. “Nonstandard Work Schedules, Couple Desynchronization, and Parent–Child Interaction A Mixed-Methods Analysis.” Journal of Family Issues 33:1054–87.
Tang, Lei, Liu, Huan, and Zhang, Jianping. 2012. “Identifying Evolving Groups in Dynamic Multimode Networks.” Knowledge and Data Engineering, IEEE Transactions 24:72–85.
Tarrow, Sidney. 1998. Power in Movement: Collective Action, Social Movements and Politics. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Taylor, Matthew A., Skourides, Andreas, and Alvero, Alicia M.. 2012. “Observer Error When Measuring Safety-Related Behavior: Momentary Time Sampling Versus Whole-Interval Recording.” Journal of Organizational Behavior Management 32(4):307–19.
Thoits, Peggy A. 1983. “Multiple Identities and Psychological Well-Being: A Reformulation and Test of the Social Isolation Hypothesis.” American Sociological Review 48:174–87.
Thrift, Nigel; Pred, Allan. 1981. “Time-Geography: A New Beginning.” Progress in Human Geography 5:277–86.
Toivonen, Riitta, Kovanen, Lauri, Kivelä, Mikko, Onnela, Jukka-Pekka, Saramäki, Jari, Kaski, Kimmo. 2009. “A Comparative Study of Social Network Models: Network Evolution Models and Nodal Attribute Models.” Social Networks 31:240–54.
Traugott, Mark (editor). 1995. Repertoires and Cycles of Collective Action. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Trumpy, Alexa J. 2008. “Subject to Negotiation: The Mechanisms Behind Co-Optation and Corporate Reform.” Social Problems 55:480–500.
Tufte, Edward R. 1983. The Visual Display of Quantitative Information. Cheshire, CT: Graphics.
Turner, Lena Magnusson. 2008. “Who Gets What and Why? Vacancy Chains in Stockholm's Housing Market.” European Journal of Housing Policy 8:1–19.
Uehara, Edwina S. 2001. “Understanding the Dynamics of Illness and Help-Seeking: Event-Structure Analysis and a Cambodian-American Narrative of ‘Spirit Invasion.’Social Science and Medicine 52:519–36.
Valente, Thomas W., and Fujimoto, Kayo. 2010. “Bridging: Locating Critical Connectors in a Network.” Social Networks 32:212–20.
Van der Lippe, Tanja, De Ruijter, Judith, De Ruijter, Esther, and Raub, Werner. 2011. “Persistent Inequalities in Time Use between Men and Women: A Detailed Look at the Influence of Economic Circumstances, Policies, and Culture.” European Sociological Review 27:164–79.
van der Ploeg, Hidde P., Venugopal, Kamalesh, Chau, Josephine Y., van Poppel, Mireille NM, Breedveld, Koen, Merom, Dafna, and Bauman, Adrian E.. 2013. “Non-Occupational Sedentary Behaviors: Population Changes in the Netherlands, 1975–2005.” American Journal of Preventive Medicine 44(4):382–7.
Vaughan, Diane. 1986. Uncoupling: Turning points in Intimate Relationships. New York: Oxford University Press.
Veblen, Thorstein. [1899] 1912. The Theory of the Leisure Class: An Economic Study of Institutions. New York: Macmillan.
Vedres, Balázs. 2007. “Pathways from Postsocialism: Ownership Sequence and Performance of Firms in Hungary, 1991–1999.” European Management Review 4:93–105.
Vedres, Balázs, and Stark, David. 2010. “Structural Folds: Generative Disruption in Overlapping Groups.” American Journal of Sociology 115:1150–90.
Verkuilen, Jay. 2005. “Assigning Membership in a Fuzzy Set Analysis.” Sociological Methods & Research 33:462–96.
Wallerstein, Immanuel. 1979. The Capitalist World-Economy. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Wang, Peng. 2013. “Exponential Random Graph Model Extensions: Models for Multiple Networks and Bipartite Networks.” Pp. 115–29 in Exponential Random Graph Models for Social Networks: Theory, Methods, and Applications, edited by Lusher, Dean, Koskinen, Johan, and Robins, Garry. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Wang, Peng, Pattison, Philippa, Robins, Garry. 2013. “Exponential Random Graph Model Specifications for Bipartite Networks – A Dependence Hierarchy.” Social Networks 35:211–22.
Wang, Peng, Robins, Garry, and Pattison, Philippa. 2009. PNet: Program for the Simulation and Estimation of Exponential Random Graph (p*) Models. Melbourne: Department of Psychology, School of Behavioural Science, University of Melbourne.
Wang, Peng, Sharpe, Ken, Robins, Garry L., Pattison, Philippa E.. 2009. “Exponential Random Graph (p*) Models for Affiliation Networks.” Social Networks 31:12–25.
Ward, J. H., Jr. 1963. “Hierarchical Grouping to Optimize an Objective Function.” Journal of the American Statistical Association 58:236–44.
Wasserman, Stanely and Faust, Katherine. 1994. Social Network Analysis: Methods and Applications.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wasserman, S., and Pattison, P. E.. 1996. “Logit Models and Logistic Regressions for Social Networks. I. An Introduction to Markov Graphs and p*.” Psychometrika 61:401–25.
Weber, Max. [1905] 2002. The Protestant Ethic and the ‘Spirit’ of Capitalism and Other Writings, edited and translated by Baehr, Peter and Wells, Gordon C.. New York: Penguin.
Weber, Max. [1922] 1978. Economy and Society. Edited by Roth, Guenther and Wittich, Claus. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Weber, Max. 1946. “Bureaucracy.” Pp. 196–244 in From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology, edited by Gerth H, H. and Mills, C. W.. New York: Oxford University Press.
White, Harrison C. 1970. Chains of Opportunity: System Models of Mobility in Organizations. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
White, Harrison C. 1995. “Network Switchings and Bayesian Forks. Reconstructing the Social and Behavioral Sciences.” Social Research 62:1035–63.
White, Harrison C. 2008. Identity and Control: How Social Formations Emerge. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
White, Harrison C., Boorman, Scott A., and Breiger, Ronald L.. 1976. “Social Structure from Multiple Networks. I. Blockmodels of Roles and Positions.” American Journal of Sociology 81:730–80.
White, L., and Keith, B.. 1990. “The Effect of Shift Work on the Quality and Stability of Marital Relations.” Journal of Marriage and the Family 52:453–62.
Wiggins, Richard D., Erzberger, Christian, Hyde, Martin, Higgs, Paul, and Blane, David. 2007. “Optimal Matching Analysis Using Ideal Types to Describe the Lifecourse: An Illustration of How Histories of Work, Partnership and Housing Relate to Quality of Life in Early Old Age.” International Journal of Social Research Methodology 10:259–78.
Wight, V. R., Raley, S. B., and Bianchi, S. M.. 2008. “Time for Children, One's Spouse and Oneself among Parents Who Work Nonstandard Hours.” Social Forces 87:243–71.
Williams, Sarah R., Kertz, Sarah J., Schrock, Matthew D., and Woodruff-Borden, Janet. 2012. “A Sequential Analysis of Parent–Child Interactions in Anxious and Nonanxious Families.” Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology 41:64–74.
Wilson, William Julius. 1987. The Truly Disadvantaged: The Inner City, the Underclass, and Public Policy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Winship, Christopher. 1978. “The Allocation of Time among Individuals.” Sociological Methodology 9:75–100.
Wu, Lawrence L. 2000. “Some comments on ‘Sequence Analysis and Optimal Matching Methods in Sociology: Review and Prospect.’Sociological Methods and Research 29:41–64.
Yang, Tianbao, Chi, Yun, Zhu, Shenghuo, Gong, Yihong, and Jin, Rong. 2011. “Detecting Communities and Their Evolutions in Dynamic Social Networks – A Bayesian Approach.” Machine Learning 82:157–18.
Yu, Hongbo, and Shaw, Shih-Lung. 2008. “Exploring Potential Human Activities in Physical and Virtual Spaces: A Spatio-Temporal GIS Approach.” International Journal of Geographical Information Science 22:409–30.
Zerubavel, Eviatar. 1981. Hidden Rhythms: Schedules and Calendars in Social Life. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Žiberna, Aleš. 2007. “Generalized Blockmodeling of Valued Networks.” Social Networks 29:105–26.