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Strategically Created Treaty Conflicts and the Politics of International Law
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    Strategically Created Treaty Conflicts and the Politics of International Law
    • Online ISBN: 9781107338005
    • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107338005
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Book description

Treaty conflicts are not merely the contingent or inadvertent by-products of the increasing juridification of international relations. In several instances, states have deliberately created treaty conflicts in order to catalyse changes in multilateral regimes. Surabhi Ranganathan uses such conflicts as context to explore the role of international law, in legal thought and practice. Her examinations of the International Law Commission's work on treaties and of various scholars' proposals on institutional action, offer a fresh view of 'mainstream' legal thought. They locate, in a variety of writings, a common faith in international legal discourse, built on liberal and constructivist assumptions. Ranganathan's three rich studies of treaty conflict, relating to the areas of seabed mining, the International Criminal Court, and nuclear governance, furnish a textured account of the specific forms and practices that constitute such a legal discourse and permit a grounded understanding of the interactions that shape international law.

Reviews

'The best doctrinal work I have read this year … a technically highly accomplished work of legal scholarship, showing great mastery not only of the law of treaties but also of international criminal law, the law of the sea and disarmament law. … Ranganathan demonstrates that the political space left open by the indeterminacy of the Vienna Convention’s rules on treaty conflict can be used by states for strategic purposes, in order to change or adapt existing regimes. One of its more pleasant qualities is that it takes the critical revolution in international law seriously, while showing that it is possible to do highly insightful doctrinal work that is aware of international law being highly political and politicized.'

Jan Klabbers Source: European Journal of International Law

'Strategically Created Treaty Conflicts and the Politics of International Law is a welcome addition to the study of treaty conflicts and to the study of the relationship between international law and international relations. The three case studies show how ambitious multilateral regimes bend in the face of political realities. At the same time, they reveal how multilateral agreements become part of the geopolitical landscape that shapes the actions and legal norms of even the most powerful of nations. They further show how the craft of international law often involves not only ‘speaking law to power’ but also serving as a bridge to resolve conflicting positions. By inviting us to think of treaty conflict not only in terms of direct conflicts between mutually exclusive treaty obligations but also in terms of overall conflict in effect, Ranganathan provides an illuminating account of treaty conflict and the dance between law and power in practice.'

Sabrina Safrin Source: European Journal of International Law

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Contents

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Documents of international conferences

Vienna Conference on the Law of Treaties

Summary Record of the 31st Mtg of the Committee of the Whole, A/CONF.39/C.1/SR.31 (19 April 1968)
Summary Record of the 85th Mtg of the Committee of the Whole, A/CONF.39/C.1/SR.85 (10 April 1969)
Summary Record of the 91st Mtg of the Committee of the Whole, A/CONF.39/C.1/SR.91 (19 April 1969)
Summary Record of the 13th Mtg of the Plenary, A/CONF.39/SR.13 (6 May 1969)

Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea

Second Session, Caracas, 19th Plenary Meeting, A/Conf.62/SR.19, 27 June 1974
Letter from the Representative of Sierra Leone to the President of UNCLOS III, A/Conf.62/L.146, 29 April 1982

Eighteen Nation Committee on Disarmament Conference

Statement of the Swedish Representative, ENDC/PV. 333, 26 September 1967
Statement of the Indian Representative, ENDC/PV. 334, 28 September 1967
Statement of the United Arab Republic Representative, ENDC/PV. 340, 19 October 1967
Statement of the US Representative, ENDC/PV. 369, 22 February 1968

NPT Review Conferences

Final Declaration, ‘Review of Article V’, NPT Review Conference 1975, NPT/Conf/35/I Annex 1
Decision 2, ‘Principles and Objectives for Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament’, NPT Review and Extension Conference 1995, NPT/CONF.1995/32 (Part I) Annex
Decision 3, ‘Extension of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons’, NPT Review and Extension Conference 1995, NPT/CONF.1995/32 (Part I) Annex
Final Document, NPT Review Conference 2000, NPT/CONF.2000/28 (Parts I and II)
‘Promoting Expanded and Responsible Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy’, Working paper submitted by the United States to the Preparatory Committee for the 2010 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, NPT/CONF.2010/PC.I/WP. 23, 3 May 2007
Summary Record of 3rd Mtg, NPT Preparatory Committee for the 2010 Review Conference, New York, 4–15 May 2009, NPT/CONF.2010/PC.III/SR.3, 11 June 2009
Final Document, NPT Review Conference 2010, NPT/CONF.2010/50 (Vol. I)*

Documents of international organisations

UN General Assembly resolutions

UNGA Res. 749A (28 November 1953), ‘Question of South West Africa’
UNGA Res. 2028 (19 November 1965), ‘Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons’
UNGA Res. 2166 (XXI) (5 December 1966), ‘International Conference of Plenipotentiaries on the Law of Treaties’
UNGA Res. 2287 (XXII) (6 December 1967), ‘United Nations Conference on the Law of Treaties’
UNGA Res. 22/2340 (18 December 1967), ‘Examination of the Question of the Reservation Exclusively for Peaceful Purposes of the Seabed and the Ocean Floor, and the Subsoil Thereof, Underlying the High Seas Beyond the Limits of Present National Jurisdiction, and the Use of Their Resources in the Interests of Mankind’
UNGA Res. 2373 (12 June 1968), ‘Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons’
UNGA Res. 23/2467 (21 December 1968), ‘Examination of the Question of the Reservation Exclusively for Peaceful Purposes of the Seabed and the Ocean Floor, and the Subsoil Thereof, Underlying the High Seas Beyond the Limits of Present National Jurisdiction, and the Use of Their Resources in the Interests of Mankind’
UNGA Res. 24/2574 (15 December 1969), ‘Moratorium Resolution’
UNGA Res. 25/2749 (17 December 1970), ‘Declaration of Principles Governing the Seabed and the Ocean Floor, and the Subsoil Thereof, Beyond the Limits of National Jurisdiction’
UNGA Res. S-6/3201 (1 May 1974), ‘Declaration on the Establishment of a New International Economic Order’
UNGA Res. S-6/3202 (1 May 1974), ‘Programme of Action on the Establishment of a New International Economic Order’
UNGA Res. 29/3281 (12 December 1974), ‘Charter on Economic Rights and Duties of States’
UNGA Res. 43/18 (1 November 1988), ‘Law of the Sea’
UNGA Res. 44/26 (20 November 1989), ‘Law of the Sea’
UNGA Res. 56/83, ‘Articles on the Responsibility of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts (2001), 12 December 2001, Annex and A/56/49(Vol. I)/Corr.4’

UN Security Council resolutions

UNSC Res. 255 (19 June 1968), ‘Question Relating to the Measures to Safeguard Non-Nuclear Weapons States Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons’
UNSC Res. 1172 (6 June 1998), ‘International Peace and Security’
UNSC Res. 1422 (12 July 2002), ‘United Nations Peacekeeping’
UNSC Res. 1487 (12 June 2003), ‘United Nations Peacekeeping’
UNSC Res. 1564 (18 September 2004), ‘Report of the Secretary-General on the Sudan’
UNSC Res. 1593 (31 March 2005), ‘Reports of the Secretary-General on the Sudan’
UNSC Res. 1696 (31 July 2006), ‘Non-Proliferation’
UNSC Res. 1718 (14 October 2006), ‘Non-Proliferation/Democratic People’s Republic of Korea’
UNSC Res. 1737 (27 December 2006), ‘Non-Proliferation’
UNSC Res. 1747 (24 March 2007), ‘Non-Proliferation’
UNSC Res. 1803 (3 March 2008), ‘Non-Proliferation’
UNSC Res. 1828 (31 July 2008), ‘Reports of the Secretary-General on the Sudan’
UNSC Res. 1874 (12 June 2009), ‘Non-Proliferation/Democratic People’s Republic of Korea’
UNSC Res. 1929 (9 June 2010), ‘Non-Proliferation’
UNSC Res. 1970 (26 February 2011), ‘Peace and Security in Africa’
UNSC Res. 2094 (7 March 2013), ‘Non-Proliferation/Democratic People’s Republic of Korea’

Records of UN meetings

UNGA Provisional Verbatim Record, UNGA 44th Sess., 61st Mtg (November 20), A/44/PV.61, 28 November 1989
UNGA Provisional Verbatim Record, UNGA 44th Sess., 62nd Mtg (November 20), A/44/PV.61, 1 December 1989
UNSC Provisional Verbatim Record, UNSC 5789th Mtg, S/PV.5789, 5 December 2007
UNSC Provisional Verbatim Record, UNSC 6491st Mtg, S/PV.6491, 26 February 2011
Maltese Ambassador (A Pardo), Address to the General Assembly, UN GAOR 22nd Sess., First Committee, 1515th and 1516th meetings, General Debate, 1 November 1967, UN Doc. A/C.1/PV. 1515 and A/C.1/PV. 1516 (1967)
Malta Note Verbale of 17/8/1967 to UN Secretary General, UN GAOR, 22nd Sess., UN Doc. A/6695 (1967)
UN Press Release SC/8351, 31 March 2005, ‘Security Council Refers Situation in Darfur, Sudan, to Prosecutor’
UN Press Release SC/9412, 31 July 2008, ‘Security Council Decides to Extend Mandate of African Union–United Nations’
United States Explanation of Vote on Security Council Resolution 1593, 31 March 2005, www.iccnow.org/documents/US.Statement.SCreferralDarfurICC_31March05.pdf
United States Permanent Representative to the United Nations (S. Rice), Statement in the Security Council, 29 January 2009, http://usun.state.gov/briefing/statements/2009/january/127018.htm

European Union

EU Guiding Principles Concerning Arrangements between a State Party to the Rome Statute and the United States Regarding the Conditions to Surrender of Persons to the Court, 2002
EU Presidency, Declaration by the EU on the Position of the US Towards the International Criminal Court, 13 May 2002, www.amicc.org/docs/EUdec5_13_02.pdf
European Council Conclusions on the International Criminal Court, 30 September 2002, www.consilium.europa.eu/uedocs/cmsUpload/ICC34EN.pdf

African Union

‘Decision on the Meeting of African States parties to the Rome Statute’, African Union Press Release, Addis Ababa, 14 July 2009

International Atomic Energy Agency

‘Conclusion of Additional Protocols: Status as of 15 July 2013’, www.iaea.org/safeguards/documents/AP_status_list.pdf
‘Director General and Iranian Officials Discuss Enrichment Plant Visit’, IAEA Staff Report, 5 October 2009
‘IAEA Board Approves India-Specific Safeguards Agreement’, 1 August 2008, www.iaea.org/newscenter/news/2008/board010808.html
‘IAEA Director General Welcomes US and India Nuclear Deal’, IAEA Press Release 2006/05, 2 March 2006, www.iaea.org/NewsCenter/PressReleases/2006/prn200605.html
‘Implementation of the India–United States Joint Statement of 18 July 2005: India’s Separation Plan’, INFCIRC/731, 25 July 2008
‘Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement and Relevant provisions of Security Council resolutions in the Islamic Republic of Iran’, Report by the IAEA Director General, GOV/2013/27, 22 May 2013
‘Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement in the Islamic Republic of Iran’, Report by the Director General, GOV/2006/15, 27 February 2006
‘Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement in the Islamic Republic of Iran’, Resolution adopted by the Board of Governors, GOV/2006/14, 4 February 2006
‘Introductory Statement to the Board of Governors’, Director-General (Dr Mohamed ElBaradei), Vienna, 1 August 2008
‘Latest Status of Safeguards Agreements and Additional Protocols’ (as of 6 October 2009) www.iaea.org/OurWork/SV/Safeguards/sir_table.pdf
‘The Agency’s Safeguards System (1965, as Provisionally Extended in 1966 and 1968)’, INFCIRC/66/Rev.2, 1968
‘The Safeguards System of the International Atomic Energy Agency’, www.iaea.org/safeguards/documents/safeg_system.pdf
‘The Structure and Content of Agreements between the Agency and States Required in Connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons’, INFCIRC/153 (corr.), 1972
‘Transcript of IAEA Director General’s Remarks at Joint Press Conference with Atomic Energy Organization of Iran’, 4 October 2009, www.iaea.org/NewsCenter/Transcripts/2009/transcript051009.pdf

International Criminal Court

‘Aimé Kilolo Musamba, Fidèle Babala Wandu, and Jean-Pierre Bemba Gombo Make First Appearance before ICC’, ICC Press Release, ICC-CPI-20131127-PR966, 27 November 2013, www.icc-cpi.int/en_menus/icc/press%20and%20media/press%20releases/Pages/966.aspx
Deputy Prosecutor (F. Bensouda), ‘Africa’s Involvement with the ICC’, International Bar Association, 14 April 2009, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/214816FF-DD8F-4908-97CF-B315C33F24FE/280279/20090414FatouRomeStatute.pdf
Informal Experts, ‘The Principle of Complementarity in Practice’, 2003, www.icc-cpi.int/iccdocs/doc/doc654724.PDF
‘Jean-Jacques Mangenda Kabongo Makes First Appearance before ICC’, ICC Press Release, ICC-CPI-20131205-PR969, 5 December 2013, www.icc-cpi.int/en_menus/icc/press%20and%20media/press%20releases/Pages/pr969.aspx
Office of the Prosecutor, Paper on Some Policy Issues September 2003, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/1FA7C4C6-DE5F-42B7-8B25-60AA962ED8B6/143594/030905_Policy_Paper.pdf
Office of the Prosecutor, Policy Paper on the Interests of Justice, September 2007, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/772C95C9-F54D-4321-BF09-73422BB23528/143640/ICCOTPInterestsOfJustice.pdf
Office of the Prosecutor, Report on Prosecutorial Strategy for 2006–2009, 14 September 2006, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/D673DD8C-D427-4547-BC69-2D363E07274B/143708/ProsecutorialStrategy20060914_English.pdf
Office of the Prosecutor, Report on Prosecutorial Strategy for 2009–2012, 1 February 2010, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/66A8DCDC-3650-4514-AA62-D229D1128F65/281506/OTPProsecutorialStrategy20092013.pdf
Office of the Prosecutor, Report on the Activities Performed in the First Three Years (June 2003–June 2006), 12 September 2006
Office of the Prosecutor, Response to Communications received Concerning Venezuela, 9 February 2006, www.icc-cpi.int/Menus/ICC/Structure+of+the+Court/Office+of+the+Prosecutor/Comm+and+Ref/Venezuela
Office of the Prosecutor, Response to Communications received Concerning Iraq, 9 February 2006, www.icc-cpi.int/Menus/ICC/Structure+of+the+Court/Office+of+the+Prosecutor/Comm+and+Ref/Iraq
Office of the Prosecutor, Statement on Uganda, The Hague, 4 March 2008, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/945119F8-7107-4FC1-8026-CD03ECCA5BB1/0/ICCOTPST20080304ENG.pdf
President (P. Kirsch), Address at the Third Session of the ASP, 6 September 2004, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/E49847E6-B414-4ADB-B8E1-70DC819BE40B/146333/PK_20040906_En.pdf
President (P. Kirsch), Address to the General Assembly, 1 November 2007, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/B3B8B89D-B9E5-441E-A3D5-EA9E91B22142/277274/PK_20071101_ENG1.pdf
President (P. Kirsch), Address to the General Assembly, 30 October 2008, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/86BD12FB-F92F-44B3-89D8-DE376A9EB989/279062/PK_20081030_ENG.pdf
President (P. Kirsch), Address to the General Assembly, 8 November 2005, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/CC2EE876-18C6-4182-8A08-C5155B85802A/146328/PK_20051108_English1.pdf
President (P. Kirsch), ‘Applying the Principles of Nuremberg in the ICC’, Keynote Address, Washington University, 19 November 2005, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/ED2F5177-9F9B-4D66-9386-5C5BF45D052C/146323/PK_20060930_English.pdf
President (P. Kirsch), ‘From Nuremberg to The Hague’, Nuremberg, 19 November 2005, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/08AB9F8F-53A2-4533-BCE0-887419726332/143894/PK_20051119_En.pdf
President (P. Kirsch), ‘ICC Marks Five Years since Entry into Force of Rome Statute’, Statement, The Hague, 26 June 2007, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/C307EC9D-B735-47D6-BA5C-508D0A5D8C71/143884/PK_20070627_en.pdf
President (P. Kirsch), ‘Independence in the Context of Interdependence’, Frederick K. Cox Lecture in Global Legal Reform, Case Western Reserve University School of Law, Cleveland, 7 November 2005, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/777C9300-BD47-4EAE-B9A2-8465959772ED/143893/PK_20051107_En.pdf
President (P. Kirsch), ‘La Cour pénale internationale au carrefour du droit international et des relations internationals’, University of Quebec, Montreal, 6 May 2003, www.icc-cpi.int/iccdocs/presidency/PK_20030506_Fr.pdf
President (P. Kirsch), ‘La voie canadienne vers la CPI: tous les chemins mènent à Rome – Les enjeux et défis de la mise en œuvre de la CPI’, Colloque organisé par les Journées Maximilien-Caron 2003 et l’Institut canadien d’Administration de la Justice, 5 February 2003, www.icc-cpi.int/en_menus/icc/structure%20of%20the%20court/presidency/statements/Pages/index.aspx
President (P. Kirsch), Opening Remarks at the Fifth Session of the ASP, 23 November 2006, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/3EEF266E-E4B1-486C-9B05-DD0D87CDBEEB/143883/PK_20061123_en1.pdf
President (P. Kirsch), ‘Protecting the Integrity of the International Criminal Court’, Strategy Meeting, Parliamentarians for Global Action, United Nations, New York, 22 April 2003, www.icc-cpi.int/en_menus/icc/structure%20of%20the%20court/presidency/statements/Pages/index.aspx
President (P. Kirsch), Statement at the Inaugural Meeting of the Judges, 11 March 2003, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/48D76A79-7315-49C2-A16F-86D7CFAAE721/143846/PK_20030311_En.pdf
‘President of Uganda Refers Situation Concerning the Lord’s Resistance Army to the ICC’, 29 January 2004, ICC-20040129-44, www.icc-cpi.int/Menus/ICC/Situations+and+Cases/Situations/Situation+ICC+0204
Prosecutor (L. Moreno-Ocampo), Address at the Third Assembly of States Parties, 6 September 2004, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/1E4656AC-32D9-483D-9D2A-DE74F2FD8415/0/LMO_20040906_En.pdf
Prosecutor (L. Moreno-Ocampo), Address, Council for Foreign Relations, Washington DC, 4 February 2010, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/A80CDDDD-8A9A-432E-97CE-F6EAD700B5AE/281527/100204Prosecutors speechforCFR.pdf
Prosecutor (L. Moreno-Ocampo), ‘Building a Future on Peace and Justice’, Address, Nuremberg, 24/25 June 2007, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/4E466EDB-2B38-4BAF-AF5F-005461711149/143825/LMO_nuremberg_20070625_English.pdf
Prosecutor (L. Moreno-Ocampo), Ceremony for the Solemn Undertaking of the Prosecutor, Statement, The Hague, 16 June 2003, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/D7572226-264A-4B6B-85E3-2673648B4896/143585/030616_moreno_ocampo_english.pdf
Prosecutor (L. Moreno-Ocampo), ‘Combating Genocide and Other Massive Crimes – The International Criminal Court’s contribution’, Address, The Hague, 7 December 2008, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/E82DE594-5DB1-4870-BAB7-B8C71D2CCC13/279611/ICCOTPSTLMO20081207ENG.pdf
Prosecutor (L. Moreno-Ocampo), Fifth Report to the Security Council pursuant to UNSC Res. 1593 (2005), 7 June 2007, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/65732689-4A7B-467E-9821-BF53F11465D0/0/OTP_ReportUNSC5Darfur_English.pdf
Prosecutor (L. Moreno-Ocampo), Fourth Report to the Security Council pursuant to UNSC Res. 1593 (2005), 14 December 2006, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/8903D205-6272-4498-8E83-258F9C99611A/0/OTP_ReportUNSC4Darfur_English.pdf
Prosecutor (L. Moreno-Ocampo), Keynote Address, Council for Foreign Relations Symposium, New York, 17 October 2008, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/B8A3B99C-C9CC-4151-8BA6-35C2868BF60F/278840/CFRS2008.pdf
Prosecutor (L. Moreno-Ocampo), Keynote Address, Yale University, New Haven, 6 February 2009, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/F04CB063-1C1E-463E-B8FB-5ECE076FB1E0/279792/090206_ProsecutorskeynoteaddressinYale.pdf
Prosecutor (L. Moreno-Ocampo), ‘Keynote Address: Integrating the Work of the ICC into Local Justice Initiatives’ (2006) 21 American University International Law Review 497
Prosecutor (L. Moreno-Ocampo), Remarks at the 27th Meeting of the Committee of Legal Advisers on Public International Law (Cadhi), Strasburg, March 18–19, 2004, www.iccnow.org/documents/ICCProsecutorCADHI18Mar04.pdf
Prosecutor (L. Moreno-Ocampo), Report to the Second Assembly of States Parties, 8 September 2003, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/C073586C-7D46-4CBE-B901-0672908E8639/143656/LMO_20030908_En.pdf
Prosecutor (L. Moreno-Ocampo), Seventh Report to the Security Council pursuant to UNSC Res. 1593 (2005), 5 June 2008, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/D6F9DF4F-FB9D-4323-B945-784ED2332BB3/276869/UNSC_2008_En.pdf
Prosecutor (L. Moreno-Ocampo), Sixth Report to the Security Council pursuant to UNSC Res. 1593 (2005), 5 December 2007, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/19A83943-DF47-4DC0-9EB1-1A84CF862290/281540/ProsecutorsReportUNSCDec07EN.pdf
Prosecutor (L. Moreno-Ocampo), Speech to the Eighth Session of the Assembly of States Parties, 18 November 2009, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/CDF496C7-7BA7-4AA3-B670-1EE85BC3E3E8/281268/20091118ASPspeech.pdf
Prosecutor (L. Moreno-Ocampo), Statement at informal meeting of Legal Advisors of Ministries of Foreign Affairs, New York, 24 October 2005, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/9D70039E-4BEC-4F32-9D4A-CEA8B6799E37/143836/LMO_20051024_English.pdf
Prosecutor (L. Moreno-Ocampo), Statement on Uganda Arrest Warrants, 14 October 2005, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/AF169689-AFC9-41B9-8A3E-222F07DA42AD/143834/LMO_20051014_English1.pdf
Prosecutor (L. Moreno-Ocampo), Statement to Diplomatic Corps, 12 February 2004, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/0F999F00-A609-4516A91A80467BC432D3/143670/LOM_20040212_En.pdf
Prosecutor (L. Moreno-Ocampo), Statement to the Security Council, 5 December 2007, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/6A4AF1FE-9A86-41C6-9D38-327408612F6F/281542/ProsecutorsStateUNSCDec07EN.pdf
Prosecutor (L. Moreno-Ocampo), Tenth Statement to the Security Council on the Situation in Darfur pursuant to UNSC Res. 1593 (2005), 4 December 2009, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/BA525867-5B58-4CDD-B6CF-8105181658D6/281343/UNSecurityCouncilStateFINAL1.pdf
Prosecutor (L. Moreno-Ocampo), ‘The Role of International Judicial Bodies in Administering the Rule of Law’, Qatar Law Forum, Doha, 30 May 2009, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/10F9092D-4376-4E0B-84E1-DEBD55FA183B/280466/300509_QatarLawForum.pdf
Prosecutor (L. Moreno-Ocampo), ‘Working with Africa: The View from the ICC Prosecutor’s Office’, ISS Symposium, Cape Winelands, 9 November 2009, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/1229900D-B581-42AE-A078-918550C372FB/281385/south_africa_nov_09_3finalfordistribution.pdf
‘Prosecutor Receives Referral Concerning CAR’, ICC Press Release, ICC-OTP-20050107-86, 7 January 2005, www.icc-cpi.int/Menus/ICC/Situations+and+Cases/Situations/Situation+ICC+0105
‘Prosecutor Receives Referral of the Situation in the DRC’, ICC Press Release, ICC-OTP-20040419-50, 19 April 2004, www.icc-cpi.int/Menus/ICC/Situations+and+Cases/Situations/Situation+ICC+0104
‘Referral Under Articles 14 and 12(2)(a) of the Rome Statute Arising from the 31 May 2010, Gaza Freedom Flotilla Situation’, Submitted by the Union of the Comoros, 14 May 2013, www.icc-cpi.int/iccdocs/otp/Referral-from-Comoros.pdf
Registrar, Report on the Execution of the Request to Uganda for Observations on the Initiation of Proceedings pursuant to Article 19 of the Rome Statute, Annex 2, ICC-02/04-01/05-354-Anx2, 18 November 2008, www.icc-cpi.int/iccdocs/doc/doc589480.PDF
Strategic Plan of the International Criminal Court, ICC-ASP/5/6, 4 August 2006, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/D6B4058F-2C5D-415E-A85F-64A305C81DF0/0/ICCASP56_English.pdf
Summary of Integrated Strategy for External Relations, Public Information and Outreach, July 2005, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/425E80BA-1EBC-4423-85C6-D4F2B93C7506/185049/ICCPIDSWBOR0307070402_IS_En.pdf
Vice-President (H.-P. Kaul), ‘Peace through Justice? The International Criminal Court in the Hague’, National Military History Museum of the Armed Forces of Germany, 2 November 2009, www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/B7BC9709-394D-4449-AA08-4182A98C567B/281395/JudgeKaulSpeech.pdf

Treaty bodies and other intergovernmental forums

International Law Commission

‘Survey of International Law in Relation to the Work of Codification of the International Law Commission: Preparatory Work within the Purview of Article 18, Paragraph 1, of the Statute of the International Law Commission’, Memorandum submitted by the UN Secretary-General, A/CN.4/1/Rev.1, 1949
First Report on the Law of Treaties by H. Lauterpacht, Special Rapporteur, A/CN.4/63 (1953) ILC Yearbook, Vol. II, 90
Second Report on the Law of Treaties by H. Lauterpacht, Special Rapporteur, A/CN.4/87 and Corr.1 (1954) ILC Yearbook, Vol. II, 123
First Report on the Law of Treaties by G. Fitzmaurice, Special Rapporteur, A/CN.4/101 (1956) ILC Yearbook, Vol. II, 105
Third Report on the Law of Treaties by G. Fitzmaurice, Special Rapporteur, A/CN.4/101 (1958) ILC Yearbook, Vol. II, 21
Second Report on the Law of Treaties by H. Waldock, Special Rapporteur, A/CN.4/156 and Add.1–3 (1963) ILC Yearbook, Vol. II, 36
Third Report on the Law of Treaties by H. Waldock, Special Rapporteur, A/CN.4/167 and Add.1–3 (1964) ILC Yearbook, Vol. II, 6
Report to the UN General Assembly on the Law of Treaties, A/5809 (1964) ILC Yearbook, Vol. II, 177
Draft Articles on the Law of Treaties with Commentaries, (1966) ILC Yearbook, Vol.II, 187
Third Report on State Responsibility by J. Crawford, Special Rapporteur, UN Doc. A/CN.4/507, 10 March 2000
‘Fragmentation of International Law: Difficulties arising from the Diversification and Expansion of International Law’, Report of the ILC Study Group compiled by M. Koskenniemi, Chairman of the Study Group, A/CN.4/L.682, 2006
Summary Record of the 685th Mtg of the ILC, A/CN.4/SR.685 (22 May 1963)
Summary Record of the 687th Mtg of the ILC, A/CN.4/SR.687 (27 May 1963)
Summary Record of the 703rd Mtg of the ILC, A/CN.4/SR.703 (19 June 1963)
Summary Record of the 742nd Mtg of the ILC, A/CN.4/SR.742 (10 June 1964)
Summary Record of the 743rd Mtg of the ILC, A/CN.4/SR.743 (11 June 1964)
Summary Record of the 755th Mtg of the ILC, A/CN.4/SR.755 (30 June 1964)
Summary Record of the 857th Mtg of the ILC, A/CN.4/SR.857 (24 May 1966)
Summary Record of the 858th Mtg of the ILC, A/CN.4/SR.858 (25 May 1966)
Summary Record of the 875th Mtg of the ILC, A/CN.4/SR.875 (22 June 1966)
Summary Record of the 893rd Mtg of the ILC, A/CN.4/SR.893 (18 July 1966)

Law of the Sea, International Seabed Authority

A. Clark et al., ‘Towards the Development of a Regulatory Framework for Polymetallic Nodule Exploitation in the Area’, ISA Technical Study No. 11, 26 February 2013, www.isa.org.jm/files/documents/EN/Pubs/TStudy11.pdf
‘Towards the Development of a Regulatory Framework for Polymetallic Nodule Exploitation in the Area’, Note by the ISA Secretariat, ISBA/19/C/5, 25 March 2013, www.isa.org.jm/files/documents/EN/19Sess/Council/ISBA-19C-5.pdf
‘Council Considers Secretariat’s Note on Regulatory Framework for Nodules Exploitation’, Press Release SB/19/14, 22 July 2013, www.isa.org.jm/files/documents/EN/Press/Press13/SB-19-14.pdf

Law of the Sea, Secretary General’s Informal Consultations

Boat Paper (August 3, 1993)’ (1993) 9 International Organizations and the Law of the Sea Documentary Yearbook 440
Boat Paper (Amended), Report of the Secretary-General, UN Doc. A/48/950 (June 9, 1994), Annex II: “Draft Resolution and Draft Agreement Relating to the Implementation of Part XI of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982”’ (1994) 10 International Organizations and the Law of the Sea Documentary Yearbook 76
Consultations of the Secretary General on Outstanding Issues: Report of the UN Secretary General (9 June 1992)’ (1994) 10 International Organizations and the Law of the Sea Documentary Yearbook 76
Information Note Concerning the Secretary General’s Informal Consultations (December 10, 1992)’ (1992) 8 International Organizations and the Law of the Sea Documentary Yearbook 246
Information Note Concerning the Secretary General’s Informal Consultations (April 8, 1993)’ (1993) 9 International Organizations and the Law of the Sea Documentary Yearbook 431
Report of the UN Secretary-General, ‘Law of the Sea’, Addendum, A/48/527/Add.1, 30 November 1993, (1993) 9 International Organizations and the Law of the Sea Documentary Yearbook 79

Law of the Sea, PrepCom

‘Current Status of Deep Seabed Exploration and Mining Technology’, Paper Prepared by PrepCom Secretariat, LOS/PCN/L.56, 23 February 1988
Decision of the General Committee of the PrepCom on the Application of France for Registration as a Pioneer Investor under Resolution II (December 17), LOS/PCN/97, 6 January 1988
Decision of the General Committee of the PrepCom on the Application of Japan for Registration as a Pioneer Investor under Resolution II (December 17), LOS/PCN/98, 6 January 1988
Decision of the General Committee of the PrepCom on the Application of the USSR for Registration as a Pioneer Investor under Resolution II (December 17), LOS/PCN/99, 6 January 1988
Decision of the General Committee on the Application of India for Registration as a Pioneer Investor under Resolution II, LOS/PCN/94, 9 October 1987
Declaration adopted by the Preparatory Commission (August 30), LOS/PCN/72, 2 September 1985
Declaration of the Group of 77, LOS/PCN/5, 11 April 1983
‘Economic Viability of Deep Seabed Mining of Polymetallic Nodules’, Working Paper submitted by Australia, LOS/PCN/SCN.2/WP. 10, 14 January 1986
Letter from France, Japan and the USSR addressed to the Chairman of the Preparatory Commission (February 28), LOS/PCN/56, 12 March 1985
Letter from Japan addressed to the Chairman of the Preparatory Commission, LOS/PCN/45, 16 August 1984
Letters from the Acting Permanent Representative of the USSR addressed to the Chairman of the Preparatory Commission (June 28), LOS/PCN/65–66, 8 July 1985
Letters from the Acting Permanent Representative of the USSR (June 10), LOS/PCN/64, 1 July 1985 and LOS/PCN/76, 27 March 1986
Letter from the Alternate Representative of the Delegation of Canada addressed to the Chairman of the Preparatory Commission (April 11), LOS/PCN/40, 11 April 1984
Letter from the Chairman of the Delegation of Belgium addressed to the Chairman of the Preparatory Commission (April 2), LOS/PCN/61, 26 April 1985
Letter from the Chairman of the Delegation of Canada addressed to the Chairman of the Preparatory Commission (April 3), LOS/PCN/63, 26 April 1985
Letter from the Chairman of the Delegation of China addressed to the Chairman of the Preparatory Commission (August 15), LOS/PCN/71, 20 August 1985
Letter from the Chairman of the Delegation of Federal Republic of Germany addressed to the Chairman of the Preparatory Commission (April 6), LOS/PCN/37, 6 April 1984
Letter from the Chairman of the Delegation of Federal Republic of Germany addressed to the Acting Chairman of the Preparatory Commission (August 6), LOS/PCN/93, 6 August 1987
Letter from the Chairman of the Delegation of France addressed to the Chairman of the Preparatory Commission (April 2), LOS/PCN/35, 2 April 1984
Letter from the Chairman of the Delegation of France addressed to the Chairman of the Preparatory Commission (April 12), LOS/PCN/44, 12 April 1984
Letters from the Chairman of the Delegation of France addressed to the Chairman of the Preparatory Commission (July 31), LOS/PCN/67–70, 16 August 1985
Letter from the Chairman of the Delegation of Italy addressed to the Chairman of the Preparatory Commission (April 2), LOS/PCN/62, 26 April 1985
Letter from the Chairman of the Delegation of Japan addressed to the Chairman of the Preparatory Commission (March 29), LOS/PCN/34, 29 March 1984
Letter from the Chairman of the Delegation of Japan addressed to the Chairman of the Preparatory Commission (April 12), LOS/PCN/42, 12 April 1984
Letter from the Chairman of the Delegation of the Federal Republic of Germany addressed to the Chairman of the Preparatory Commission (October 25), LOS/PCN/73, 9 January 1986
Letter from the Chairman of the Delegation of the Netherlands addressed to the Chairman of the Preparatory Commission (March 28), LOS/PCN/60, 26 April 1985
Letter from the Chairman of the Delegation of the United Kingdom addressed to the Chairman of the Preparatory Commission (September 4), LOS/PCN/54, 24 September 1984
Letter from the Chairman of the Delegation of the United Kingdom addressed to the Chairman of the Preparatory Commission (November 4), LOS/PCN/74, 9 January 1986
Letter from the Chairman of the Delegation of the United Kingdom addressed to the Acting Chairman of the Preparatory Commission (August 5), LOS/PCN/92, 6 August 1987
Letter from the Chairman of the Delegation of the USSR addressed to the Chairman of the Preparatory Commission (March 27), LOS/PCN/76, 27 March 1986
Letter from the Chairman of the Delegation of France to the PrepCom Chairman (August 3), LOS/PCN/47, 16 August 1984
Letter from the Chairman of the USSR Delegation addressed to the Chairman of the Preparatory Commission (April 3), LOS/PCN/36, 5 April 1984
Letter from the Chairman of the USSR Delegation addressed to the Preparatory Commission (April 6), LOS/PCN/4, 8 April 1983
Letter from the Chairman of the USSR Delegation addressed to the Preparatory Commission (April 9), LOS/PCN/38, 10 April 1984
Letter from the Delegation of the USSR addressed to the Chairman of the Preparatory Commission (March 19), LOS/PCN/81, 24 March 1987
Letter from the Delegations of France, India, Japan and the USSR addressed to the Chairman of the Preparatory Commission (March 19), LOS/PCN/82, 24 March 1987
Letter from the Government of the Netherlands to the PrepCom Chairman (August 3), LOS/PCN/46, 16 August 1984
Letter from the Head of Bulgarian Delegation and Chairman of the Group of Eastern European Socialist Countries (August 21), LOS/PCN/L.7/Rev.1, 21 August 1984
Letter from the Permanent Representative of Belgium to the United Nations addressed to the Chairman of the Preparatory Commission (April 27), LOS/PCN/14, 29 April 1983
Letter from the Permanent Representative of Canada to the United Nations addressed to the Chairman of the Preparatory Commission (April 28), LOS/PCN/15, 29 April 1983
Letter from the Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations addressed to the Chairman of the Preparatory Commission (April 27), LOS/PCN/8, 27 April 1983
Letter from the Permanent Representative of Italy to the United Nations addressed to the Chairman of the Preparatory Commission (April 28), LOS/PCN/10, 28 April 1983
Letter from the Permanent Representative of Japan to the United Nations addressed to the Chairman of the Preparatory Commission (April 28), LOS/PCN/11, 28 April 1983
Letter from the Permanent Representative of the Netherlands to the United Nations addressed to the Chairman of the Preparatory Commission (April 27), LOS/PCN/18, 3 May 1983
Letter from the Permanent Representative of the USSR to the United Nations addressed to the Chairman of the Preparatory Commission (July 20), LOS/PCN/30, 24 October 1983
Letter from the Representative of the United Kingdom addressed to the Chairman of the Preparatory Commission (April 27), LOS/PCN/13, 29 April 1983
Letter from the Representatives of the Delegations of Belgium, Canada, Italy, and the Netherlands addressed to the Chairman of the Preparatory Commission (March 30), LOS/PCN/83, 30 March 1987
Letter from the Representatives of the Delegations of Belgium, Canada, Italy, the Netherlands and the USSR addressed to the Chairman of the Preparatory Commission (August 3), LOS/PCN/90, 3 August 1987
Letter from the Representatives of the Delegations of Belgium, France, the Federal Republic of Germany, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom addressed to the Chairman of the Preparatory Commission (April 12), LOS/PCN/41, 12 April 1984
Letter from the USSR, LOS/PCN/17, 2 May 1983
Note Verbale from the Permanent Representative of India to the United Nations addressed to the Chairman of the Preparatory Commission (April 24), LOS/PCN/7, 26 April 1983
Note Verbale from the Permanent Representative of the Federal Republic of Germany to the United Nations addressed to the Chairman of the Preparatory Commission (April 27), LOS/PCN/9, 28 April 1983
‘PrepCom Agrees on Formula on Registration of Pioneer Investors; Decides to Hold Next Session in March/April at Kingston’, Press Release SEA/777, 8 September 1986
PrepCom Declaration, LOS/PCN/78, 21 April 1986
‘PrepCom Hears Calls for Early Finalization of Work’, Press Release SEA/KIN/32, 13 March 1992
‘PrepCom Hears Calls for Resolution of “Hard Core” Issues, Statement by Thailand on Behalf of the G77’, Press Release SEA/1285, 30 August 1991
‘PrepCom Hears Statements on Registration of Pioneer Investors; Clarifications Requested by Speakers’, Press Release SEA/KIN/3, 31 March 1987
‘PrepCom to Begin First Session at Kingston’, Press Release SEA/515, 9 March 1983
Progress Report by the PrepCom Chairman, LOS/PCN/L.103, 7 July 1992
Receipt of a Revised Application from France for Registration as a Pioneer Investor under Resolution II of UNCLOS III, LOS/PCN/89, 23 July 1987
Receipt of a Revised Application from India for Registration as a Pioneer Investor under Resolution II of UNCLOS III, LOS/PCN/87, 23 July 1987
Receipt of a Revised Application from Japan for Registration of the Japanese Enterprise ‘Deep Ocean Resources Development Co. Ltd’ as a Pioneer Investor under Resolution II of UNCLOS III, LOS/PCN/86, 23 July 1987
Receipt of a Revised Application from the USSR for Registration of the Soviet Enterprise ‘Yuhzmorgeologia’ as a Pioneer Investor, LOS/PCN/88, 23 July 1987
Receipt of Application from France for Registration of AFERNOD as a Pioneer Investor under Resolution II of UNCLOS III, LOS/PCN/51, 23 August 1984
Receipt of Application from India for Registration as a Pioneer Investor under Resolution II of UNCLOS III, LOS/PCN/32, 14 February 1984
Receipt of Application from Japan for Registration of the Japanese Enterprise ‘Deep Ocean Resources Development Co., Ltd.’ as a Pioneer Investor under Resolution II of UNCLOS III, LOS/PCN/50, 22 August 1984
Report by the PrepCom Chairman regarding the Resolution of Conflicts among Applicants for Registration as Pioneer Investors, LOS/PCN/L.28, 21 March 1986
‘Seabed Authority Preparatory Commission Resumes Session, Hears Soviet Appeal for Immediate Registration of Pioneer Investors’, Press Release SEA/821, 27 July 1987
‘Secretary-General’s Statement to the Law of the Sea Preparatory Commission on Settlement Reached Concerning Deep Seabed Mine Site Claims’, Press Release SEA/845, 6 August 1987
‘Special Commission on Mining Code Discusses Obligations of Contractors to Transfer Technology to Enterprise’, Press Release SEA/KIN/37, 29 March 1988
Statement by PrepCom Chairman, LOS/PCN/L.13, 4 September 1984
Statement by PrepCom Chairman, LOS/PCN/L.62, 7 April 1988
Statement by PrepCom Chairman, LOS/PCN/L.67, 1 September 1988
Statement by PrepCom Chairman, LOS/PCN/L.87, 30 August 1990
Statement by PrepCom Chairman, LOS/PCN/L.102, 13 March 1992
Statement by PrepCom Chairman, LOS/PCN/L.108, 20 August 1992
Statement by the Acting Chairman of the PrepCom, LOS/PCN/L.34, 10 April 1986
Statement by the Chairman of the Group of 77, LOS/PCN/L.5, 20 March 1985
Statement by the Chairman of the Group of East European Socialist Countries (August 13), LOS/PCN/49, 17 August 1984
Statement by the G77 Chairman delivered to the Preparatory Commission (August 13), LOS/PCN/48, 16 August 1984
Statement by the G77 Chairman delivered to the Preparatory Commission (March 11), LOS/PCN/L.15, 20 March 1985
Statement by the G77 Chairman, LOS/PCN/L.35, 10 April 1986
Statement by the Netherlands, on behalf of Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Japan and the United Kingdom (August 14), LOS/PCN/52, 24 August 1984
Statement by the PrepCom Chairman (August 22), LOS/PCN/L.36, 2 September 1986
Statement made by the Acting Chairman of the PrepCom, LOS/PCN/L.41, 5 September 1986
Statement made by the Acting Chairman of the PrepCom, LOS/PCN/L.41/Rev.1, 11 September 1986
Statement of PrepCom Chairman regarding the Understanding on Resolution of Conflicts among Applicants for Registration as Pioneer Investors, LOS/PCN/L.8, 31 August 1984
Statement of Understanding on the Implementation of Resolution II made by PrepCom Chairman (April 10), LOS/PCN/L.43/Rev.1, 15 April 1987
Statements by Denmark on behalf of the Friends of the Group of Eleven, France on behalf of the European Economic Community, Bulgaria on behalf of the Group of Eastern European States, Italy on behalf of the Group of Six (UK, the Netherlands, Belgium, Japan, Italy, and Germany), and Canada on behalf of Potential Applicants (1 September 1989), 15 Law of the Sea Bulletin, May 1990
Statements by the Representative from Jamaica, and France on behalf of India, Japan and the USSR reported in Press Release SEA/1193, 31 August 1990
Statement by Zambia on behalf of the G77 (1 September 1989), 15 Law of the Sea Bulletin, May 1990
Suggestions from the PrepCom Chairman adopted at the 5th Plenary Meeting of the PrepCom (September 8), LOS/PCN/27, 8 September 1983

Nuclear Suppliers Group

Plenary Meeting Press Release, Göteborg, Sweden, 27–28 May 2004, NSG_GOT/PRESS/FINAL, www.nuclearsuppliersgroup.org/Leng/PRESS/2004-05-goteborg.pdf
‘Public Statement’, Extraordinary Plenary Meeting, Vienna, 21–22 August 2008
Report by the Representative of Italy, Ambassador Giuseppe Balboni Acqua, on NSG Transparency, 2000 NPT Review Conference, Main Committee III, New York 27 April 2000, www.nuclearsuppliersgroup.org/Leng/PDF/NPT_2000_Report_by_NSG_1.pdf
Statement by HE Ambassador Györgyi Martin Zanathy, Delegation of the Republic of Hungary, 2010 NPT Review Conference, Main Committee II, New York, 13 May 2010, www.nuclearsuppliersgroup.org/Leng/PDF/NSG-H-statement.pdf
‘The Nuclear Suppliers Group: Its Origins, Role and Activities’, Background document prepared by the Nuclear Suppliers Group, INFCIRC/539/Rev.3, 2005
US Draft of NSG waiver for India, 2006, www.armscontrolwonk.com/1009/us-nsg-india-proposal

Government documents

Legislation

France: Law on the Exploration and Exploitation of the Mineral Resources of the Deep Sea-bed, 1981, 21 ILM 808
Germany (FRG): Act of Interim Regulation of Deep Seabed Mining, 1980, 20 ILM 393 (amended 1982, 21 ILM 832)
India: Weapons of Mass Destruction and Their Delivery Systems (Prohibition of Unlawful Activities) Act, Act No. 21 of 2005, The Gazette of India Extraordinary, Part II, 6 June 2005
India: Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Act, Act No. 38 of 2010, The Gazette of India Extraordinary, No. 47, Part II, 21 September 2010
Italy: Regulations on the Exploration and Exploitation of the Mineral Resources of the Deep Sea-bed, 1985, 24 ILM 983
Japan: Law on Interim Measures for Deep Sea-bed Mining, 1982, 22 ILM 102
Uganda: International Criminal Court Act, 2010, Uganda Gazette, No. 39, Vol. 103, 25 June 2010
Uganda: Amnesty Act, 2000, Uganda Gazette, No. 5, Vol. 103, 21 January 2000
UK: Deep Sea Mining (Temporary Provisions) Act, 1981, 20 ILM 1217
UK: International Seabed Authority (Immunities and Privileges) Order 1996
US: American Service-Members’ Protection Act, Public Law 107-206, 2 August 2002
US: Atomic Energy Act, Public Law 83-703, 30 August 1954
US: Deep Seabed Hard Mineral Resources Act, 1980, Public Law 96-283, 19 ILM 1003 (1980)
US: Foreign Relations Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (1990), Public Law 101-246, 16 February 1990
US: Henry J. Hyde United States–India Peaceful Atomic Energy Cooperation Act 2006, Public Law 109-401, 18 December 2006
US: Joint Resolution of Congress, Relating to the approval and implementation of the proposed agreement for nuclear cooperation between the United States and the People’s Republic of China, 1985, Public Law 99-183 (SJ Res. 238), 16 December 1985
US: Nethercutt Amendment, Public Law 108-447, 8 December 2004
US: Nuclear Proliferation Prevention Act, Public Law 103-236, 30 April 1994
USSR: Edict on Provisional Measures to Regulate Soviet Enterprises for the Exploration and Exploitation of Mineral Resources, 1982, 21 ILM 551

Other documents

Canada: Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade ‘Canada Welcomes Exception for India from Nuclear Suppliers Group Guidelines’, News Release 198, 6 September 2008
India: External Affairs Minister, ‘Statement on the Civil Nuclear Initiative’, 5 September 2008
India: Prime Minister (A. B. Vajpayee), ‘Next Steps in Strategic Partnership with USA’, Statement, New Delhi, 13 January 2004
US: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and Security, ‘Announcement on USA–India Next Steps in Strategic Partnership’, September 2004
US: Department of Energy, Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Strategic Plan, January 2007, www.fas.org/programs/ssp/_docs/GNEPStratPlanJan07.pdf
US: Department of State Assistant Secretary (J. T. Bergner), Letter to Chairman, Committee on Foreign Affairs, US House of Representatives (T. Lantos) responding to ‘Questions for the record submitted to Assistant Secretary Bergner by Chairman Lantos on October 5, 2007’, 16 January 2008, http://media.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/world/documents/Lantos_Letter.pdf
US: Department of State Deputy Spokesman (P. T. Reeker), Statement, 16 February 2001, www.fas.org/nuke/control/nsg/news/treaty-nsg-010216.htm
US: Department of State, ‘Iran Sanctions’, www.state.gov/e/eb/tfs/spi/iran/index.htm
US: Department of State, Daily Press Briefing, 30 October 1997, www.fas.org/news/usa/1997/10/971030db.html
US: Department of State, Daily Press Briefing, 2 September 2004, http://usinfo.org/wf-archive/2004/040902/epf401.htm
US: Department of State, Press Release, 2 March 1981
US: House Committee on International Relations, Testimony by D. Albright, President, Institute for Science and International Security, Hearing on the USA–India ‘Global Partnership’ and Its Impact on Non-Proliferation, 26 October 2005
US: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, ‘Deep Seabed Mining Report to the US Congress in compliance with Section 309 of the Deep Seabed Hard Mineral Resources Act (PL 96-283)’, December 1989, www.gc.noaa.gov/documents/gcil_dsm_89_20110607085546.pdf
US: President (G. W. Bush), ‘Statement on Next Steps in Strategic Partnership with India’, 12 January 2004, www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/WCPD-2004-01-19/pdf/WCPD-2004-01-19-Pg61-2.pdf
US: Secretary of State (C. Powell), Hearing before the US Senate Committee on Foreign Relations on ‘The Current Situation in Sudan and the Prospects for Peace’, 108th Congress, 2nd Sess., 9 September 2004
US: Secretary of State (C. Rice), Opening Remarks before the US Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, 5 April 2006
US: Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, Testimony of A. B. Carter, Co-Director, Preventive Defense Project, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Hearing on USA–India Atomic Energy Cooperation: Strategic and Non-Proliferation Implications, 26 April 2006
US: Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, Testimony of R. Gallucci, Dean of the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University, Hearing on USA–India Atomic Energy Cooperation: Strategic and Non-Proliferation Implications, 26 April 2006
US: Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, Testimony of R. J. Einhorn, Senior Advisor, Center for Strategic and International Studies, Hearing on USA–India Atomic Energy Cooperation: Strategic and Non-Proliferation Implications, 26 April 2006
US: Working Papers and Statements at Meetings of Preparatory Committee for the 2010 NPT Review Conference, www.un.org/NPT2010/documents.html