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Sugar and the Making of International Trade Law
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    Wang, Kuan-chi 2018. Food Safety and Contract Edamame: The Geopolitics of the Vegetable Trade in East Asia. Geographical Review, Vol. 108, Issue. 2, p. 274.

    Smith, Fiona 2018. The Future of International Economic Integration. p. 81.

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    Sugar and the Making of International Trade Law
    • Online ISBN: 9781139629089
    • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139629089
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Book description

This book traces the changing meanings of free trade over the past century through three sugar treaties and their concomitant institutions. The 1902 Brussels Convention is an example of how free trade buttressed the British Empire. The 1937 International Sugar Agreement is a story of how a group of Cubans renegotiated their state's colonial relationship with the US through free trade doctrine and the League of Nations. In addition, the study of the 1977 International Sugar Agreement maps the world of international trade law through a plethora of institutions such as the ITO, UNCTAD, GATT and international commodity agreements - all against the backdrop of competing Third World agendas. Through a legal study of free trade ideas, interests and institutions, this book highlights how the line between the state and market, domestic and international, and public and private is always a matter of contest.

Reviews

'… interesting … should appeal to scholars from a number of disciplines including historians, political scientists and economists.'

Alan Swinbank Source: International Trade Law and Regulation

'This is an excellent contribution to the literature on international trade law. It is remarkable in terms of its rigorous analysis of an important and neglected dimension of its history, the fresh perspective it offers on established conceptions about free trade and in terms of its broader implications for the future of the trade regime. The text assumes a significant level of familiarity with literature on international trade law. It is likely to be of interest to academics in the field or in related areas such as international development and institutional studies. It is also an informative and thought-provoking read for those involved in trade practice and policy-making.'

Anna Chadwick Source: European Journal of International Law

'The main thesis of Michael Fakhri, a professor of international trade and food law at the University of Oregon, is that international law fundamentally contributed to the transformation of a simple plant into a global product. With a fine use of history, he explores the role of three international treaties in the expansion of sugar-related industrial interests: the Brussels Sugar Convention of 1902 and two international commodity agreements - the International Sugar Agreements (ISAs) of 1937 and 1977 … a critical attempt to make sense of change over time using three case studies to explore one product in detail.'

Sergio Puig Source: The American Journal of International Law

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Sources and Bibliography

Sources

Archival sources

The Albert Viton Papers, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA (AVP)

  • Series 1: Sugar Related Documents

Archives of the League of Nations, Library of the United Nations, Geneva, Switzerland (LON)

  • Registry (R) Series

    • 10 Economic and Financial

    • 10A General

    • 10D Economic

National government documents

  • Final Report of the Royal Commission Appointed to Inquire into the Depression of Trade and Industry, C. 4893 (1886)

  • Correspondence Relating to the Sugar Industry in the West Indies, C. 8359 (1897)

  • Report of the West India Royal Commission, C. 8655, 8656, 8657, 8669 (1898)

  • Correspondence Relating to the Sugar Bounties, C. 8780 (1898)

  • Correspondence Relating to the Conference at Brussels on the Question of Sugar Bounties, C. 8938 (1898)

  • US Senate Committee on Finance, Proceedings of the Conference on the Question of Bounties, held at Brussels, June 7–25, 1898 (Blue Book Commercial No. 6, 1898)

  • Correspondence Relating to the Sugar Conference At Brussels 1901–1902, Cd 940 (1902)

  • Correspondence Relating to the Sugar Bounty Conference, Cd 1013 (1902)

  • Findings of the Permanent Commission established under Article VII of the Sugar Convention of March 5, 1902, and Report of the British Delegate, Cd 1632 (1903)

  • Further Findings of the Permanent Commission Established Under Article VII of the Sugar Convention of March 5, 1902 and Further Reports of the British Delegate, Cd 2094 (1904)

  • Further Findings of the Permanent Commission Established Under the Sugar Convention of March 5, 1902, Report of the British Delegate and Appeal of His Majesty’s Government Against Certain of those Findings, Cd 2349 (1905)

  • International Sugar Commission Spring Session 1905, Report of British Delegate and Correspondence, Cd 2531 (1905)

  • Papers Relating to the Brussels Sugar Convention, Cd 3565 (1907)

  • Correspondence Respecting the Additional Act to the Brussels Sugar Convention of March 5, 1902, signed at Brussels, August 28, 1902, Cd 3780 (1907)

  • Correspondence Respecting the Adhesion of Russia to the Brussels Sugar Convention of March 5, 1902, Cd 3877 (1908)

  • Despatches to His Majesty’s Minister at Brussels Respecting the Signature and Ratification of the International Sugar Union, Cd 6146 (1912)

  • Correspondence Relating to the Withdrawal of His Majesty’s Government from the Brussels Sugar Convention, Cd 6325 (1912)

  • Correspondence Relating to the Withdrawal of His Majesty’s Government from the Brussels Sugar Convention, Cd 6877 (1913)

  • International Trade Organization, Hearings Before the Committee on Finance, Part I, US Senate, 80th Congress, 1st Session (1947)

  • United States Department of State, Suggested Charter for an International Trade Organization of the United Nations (1947)

  • World Economic Interdependence and Trade in Commodities, Cd 6061 (1975)

International institutional documents

  • International Trade Organization

    • The Calling of an International Conference on Trade and Employment, ESC Res. 13(I), UN ESCOR, 1st Sess., UN Doc. E/22 (1946) 133

    • Report of the First Session of the Preparatory Committee of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Employment, E/PC/T/33, UN ESCOR (1946) [London Draft]

    • Report of the Drafting Committee of the Preparatory Committee of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Employment, E/PC/T/34, UN ESCOR (March 5, 1947) [New York Draft]

    • Interim Report of the Second Session of the Preparatory Committee of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Employment, E/PC/T/117 Rev.1, UN ESCOR (July 9, 1947)

    • Report of the Second Session of the Preparatory Committee of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Employment, E/PC/T/186, UN ESCOR (August 22, 1947) [Geneva Draft]

  • League of Nations

    • Conf. Sugar

    • E/Sugar/

  • UN Conference in Trade and Employment

    • TD/SUGAR

    • UN ESCOR, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, UN Doc. E/Conf.2/23 (December 24, 1947)

    • UN ESCOR, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, UN Doc. E/Conf.2/36 (February 4, 1948)

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