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  • Print publication year: 1992
  • Online publication date: March 2008

25 - The fall of Assyria (635–609 B.C.)

This chapter discusses the final years of the reign of Ashurbanipal, and those of his three successors in Assyria, his sons Ashur-etel-ilani and Sinsharra-ishkun, and Ashur-uballiṭ II during the period of 635-609 BC. The other major historical figure within this time span is Nabopolassar, a Chaldaean who first comes to notice as an Assyrian-appointed official in the Sealand. During the reign of Kandalanu in Babylon the city of Nippur maintained direct allegiance to the monarch in Assyria. That Babylonia was both peaceful and prosperous under Kandalanu, that is, during the final years of Ashurbanipal, seems beyond doubt. The historical framework for the remaining years of the Assyrian empire is derived entirely from the Babylonian Chronicle. The control of Babylonia was contested between Nabopolassar and Ashur-etel-ilani until 623, with the former recognized in Babylon and Uruk for much of this time. The Aramaeans were a tribal people who are first attested in Mesopotamia at the end of the second millennium BC.
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