Skip to main content
The Cambridge History of Iran
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 6
  • Cited by
    This book has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Jalali, Mohammad and Ramazi, Hamidreza 2018. Application of geostatistical simulation to compile seismotectonic provinces based on earthquake databases (case study: Iran). Journal of Seismology, Vol. 22, Issue. 4, p. 957.

    BRACK, YONI 2011. A Mongol Princess Making hajj: The Biography of El Qutlugh Daughter of Abagha Ilkhan (r. 1265–82). Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, Vol. 21, Issue. 03, p. 331.

    Masroori, Cyrus 2010. An Islamic Language of Toleration: Rumi’s Criticism of Religious Persecution. Political Research Quarterly, Vol. 63, Issue. 2, p. 243.

    Foran, John 1996. Modes of production in pre‐capitalist Iran: Reflections on Abbas Vali'spre‐capitalist Iran: A theoretical history. Critique: Critical Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. 5, Issue. 8, p. 95.

    Choksy, Jamsheed K. 1987. Zoroastrians in Muslim Iran: selected problems of coexistence and interaction during the early medieval period. Iranian Studies, Vol. 20, Issue. 1, p. 17.

    Piemontese, Angelo 1987. Italian scholarship on Iran (an outline, 1557–1987). Iranian Studies, Vol. 20, Issue. 2-4, p. 99.

  • Volume 5: The Saljuq and Mongol Periods
  • Edited by J. A. Boyle

  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Recommend this book

    Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

    The Cambridge History of Iran
    • Volume 5: The Saljuq and Mongol Periods
    • Edited by J. A. Boyle
    • Online ISBN: 9781139054973
    • Book DOI:
    Please enter your name
    Please enter a valid email address
    Who would you like to send this to *
  • Buy the print book

Book description

The Cambridge History of Iran is an eight-volume survey of Iranian history and culture, and its contribution to the civilisation of the world. All aspects of the religious, philosophical, political, economic, scientific and artistic elements in Iranian civilisation are studied, with some emphasis on the geographical and ecological factors which have contributed to that civilisation's special character. The aim is to provide a collection of readable essays rather than a catalogue of information. The volumes offer scope for the publication of new ideas as well as providing summaries of established facts. They should act as a stimulus to specialists, but are primarily concerned to answer the sort of questions about the past and present of Iran that are asked by the non-specialist. Volume 5 is a survey of every aspect of the civilisations which flourished in the Iranian region between the eleventh and thirteenth centuries: the rise and decline of the Saljuqs, the Mongol invasion and the establishment of a Mongol regime which dominated the Middle East for more than a century. It is the first attempt in modern times to study in detail a period of the greatest significance in Iranian history.

Refine List
Actions for selected content:
Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive
  • Send content to

    To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to .

    To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

    Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

    Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

    Please be advised that item(s) you selected are not available.
    You are about to send

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
    pp 1-202
  • View abstract
    For nearly a thousand years, Iran has generally been ruled by non-Persian dynasties, usually Turkish, but sometimes Mongol or Kurdish. The first alien rulers were the Saljuq Turks, who appeared in the Iranian world in the first half of the 5th/11th century. This domination at the highest level has had less effect on Iranian national psychology and literary consciousness than might be expected, for all of the alien ruling dynasties have come from races of low cultural development, and thus they have lacked the administrative expertise necessary for ruling a land of ancient settlement and civilization. The collapse of the native Iranian dynasties of the north-east was followed within a few decades by a major migration of Turkish peoples, the Oghuz, from the outer steppes. When the Saljuqs first appeared in Transoxiana and Khurasan in the 5th/11th century, they came as marauders and plunderers. The Saljuqs belonged to the Oghuz Turks, who appear in history as the Toquz Oghuz.
    pp 203-282
  • View abstract
    In this brief examination of the internal structure of the Saljuq Empire the author has attempted to show that nothing, religious or temporal, lay outside the care and concern of the sultan. Ghazali's new definition of the relationship between the sultanate and the caliphate was an attempt to authorize the sultan's government. The Saljuqs, who had started out as the leaders of a tribal migration, were gradually transformed, partly under the influence of Ghazali and Nizam al-Mulk, into the rulers of a centralized state. The main features of the new organization of state-notably the structure of the divan, the iqtac system, and the close connexion between the assessment of taxes and the levy of troops-are also to be found in the Safavid and Qajar periods. Through the officials of the divan, the muqta's and provincial governors, the officials of the religious institution, and local officials, the sultan came into contact with all aspects of the life of his people.
    pp 283-302
    • By A. Bausani, Oriental Institute, University of Naples
  • View abstract
    In the religious history of Iran the Saljuq period is particularly interesting, for it is the period of the Isma'ills. This chapter devotes to the three main aspects of religious life in Iran during this period: the development of Sunnism, the ferment of Shi'I ideas, and Sufism. The importance of the Saljuq period in the religious history of Iran lies in its formative richness, expressed in various directions of thought: first, Ash'ari Sunnism reached its final systematisation in the great synthesis of Ghazali. Secondly, Sufism was first organized into great brotherhoods, and important schools were created. Thirdly, the philosophy of Suhravardi Maqtul opened up new paths to Iranian theosophical speculation. And fourthly, Shii ferment pullulated in Iran in the double aspect of Isma'Ilism, with its highly interesting esoteric theology, and Twelve Imamism, which, though now comparatively weak, created a wide network of propaganda centres, during the Saljuq period.
    pp 303-421
  • View abstract
    The chronology of Sultan Muhammad's first contacts with the Mongols is extremely confusing, and it is difficult and sometimes impossible to reconcile the accounts of the various authorities. Sultan Jalal al-Dln remained in India for nearly three years. He was joined, on the very banks of the Indus, by a number of stragglers from his defeated army and after several successful encounters with bodies of Indian troops in the Salt Range found himself at the head of some three to four thousand men. By the virtual extinction of the Isma'ili sect, Hülegü had rendered a great, if unintentional, service to orthodox Islam. The armies passed through the mountain pastures of Ala-Tagh to the east of Lake Van: Hülegü was pleased with this region, afterwards a favourite summer resort of the IL-Khans, and gave it a Mongol name. The terms which Abaqa's emissary transmitted to Baraq were generous enough.
    pp 422-482
  • View abstract
    In the midst of states held together by direct military power alone, the Ismā‘īlīs, or "Assassins of Alamϋt", formed a challenging exception. In the cultural life of the time, moreover, the Ismā‘īlī state played a perceptible role, even to the point of acting as host to prominent non-Ismā‘īlī intellectuals. Shi‘is had never been satisfied with the compromises of official Muslim life, which Sunnis had accepted as more or less inevitable up to a point. The Ismā‘īlīs of the Iranian highlands and the Fertile Crescent were not destined to overthrow the Saljuqs but rather to found a society apart, which was set over against Muslim society as a whole. The rigor and self-sufficiency of the doctrine were appropriate to the new sternness required of a movement in active and universal revolt. The justification of the schism, however, was quite legitimately doctrinal.
    pp 483-537
  • View abstract
    This chapter discusses three periods in the socio-economic history of Iran during the Mongol dominion, ranging from the twenties of the thirteenth century to the eighties of the fourteenth century. In the Middle Ages invasions by conquering nomads of cultivated settled areas were normally devastative. The Saljuq conquest of Iran was accompanied by pillage and destruction. The destructive nature of the invasion of Khurāsān by the Oghuz of Balkh in the fifties of the twelfth century is notorious. The Mongol conquest took an equally heavy toll in Tabaristān (Māzandarān). The reforms of Ghazan and the temporary transfer of a leading political role in the State from the nomad Mongol-Turkish aristocracy to the Iranian civil bureaucracy made some economic improvement possible, especially in agriculture. The Mongol conquest had a great and in general evil influence on the economic development of Iran; it had much less influence on the social structure of the country.
    pp 538-549
    • By A. Bausani, Oriental Institute, University of Naples
  • View abstract
    The Mongol invasion of Persia, which began in 1220, together with the subsequent fall of the Baghdad caliphate and the killing of the last ‘Abbāsid caliph, al-Musta‘sim billāh, brought the entire Muslim world and especially Persia face to face with unexpected and formidable problems. The Mongol invasion, then, strengthened the non-Muslim communities in Persia. At the time of the Mongol invasion two tariqas had a predominant influence in Iran: the Kubrāviyya in the East and the Suhravardiyya in the West. In the history of religion in Iran, the Mongol period is important for a number of reasons. First, it saw a strengthening of Shī‘sm as a consequence of the fall of the ‘Abbāsid caliphate, and this was accompanied by a proportionate mitigation of the Shī‘ī-Sunnī dispute, the appearance within Shī‘sm of trends towards Shī‘sm, and a leaning towards a certain tashayyu' hasan ("moderate" Shī‘sm) in Sunni circles. And finally, Shī‘sm made particularly noteworthy progress, especially in its doctrinal tendencies.
    pp 550-625
  • View abstract
    This chapter touches on the era of the "Great Saljuqs" only in its last phase, that is, towards the end of the reign of Sultan Sanjar, a monarch who was then decadent though he was later idealized. The Saljuqs are a remarkable phenomenon, and we should therefore cast at least a cursory glance back to the period of their real greatness; for this wholly Turkish dynasty, holding sway over an immense area, played a very considerable part in the expansion of the Persian literary language and of Persian culture in general. The official language was Persian, and in it was conducted the official correspondence of the court, in contrast to the practice under Mahmud. Poetry also flourished during the period of the decline and fall of Saljuq rule, but the forms perfected by the old masters were already dying out and poetry was developing in an entirely new direction. Sa'di's principal didactic works are the Bustdn and the Gulistdn.
  • 9 - THE VISUAL ARTS, 1050–1350
    pp 626-658
    • By O. Grabar, University of Ann Arbor, Michigan
  • View abstract
    The period of Iranian history covered in this discussion began with the rise of the Turkish dynasties of the Ghaznavids and of the Great Saljuqs and ended with the small Iranian or Mongol dynasties which followed and contributed to the fall of the Il-khanid empire. In painting and the decorative arts, if we except the unique but comparatively short-lived art of objects on a broad social base which developed in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, the principal novelty of the period consists in the first moments of the known history of Iranian painting. Mutatis mutandis and without in any way suggesting a relation of cause and effect between the two traditions, it may be suggested that Iranian painting of the fourteenth century stands toward later painting in the same relationship as Giotto and the Intenational Style stand to the Italian Quattrocentro.
    pp 659-680
  • View abstract
    Throughout the Middle Ages a succession of Muslim scholars worked along two lines, one of which led them to generalize the concept of a number. The second can be thought of as an examination of the nature of euclidean geometry which, in modern times, culminated in the appearance of the various non-euclidean geometries. Of the latter, only the first faint foreshadowing occurred in Saljuq and Mongol Iran. Saljuq and Mongol times are to be regarded as a period of consolidation in trigonometry rather than one of innovation. In antiquity a few individuals, notably Aristotle and Seneca, had attempted explanations of rainbow formation, but with little success. That these achievements were of a lesser order than those of Archimedes, and that their consequences were incomparably less significant than the scientific breakthrough which followed the work of Newton and Leibniz is perhaps irrelevant. The scientists of Saljuq and Mongol Iran were the best of their age.
Abū Hamid Muhammad, b. Ibrāhim. Dhail-i Saljūq-Nāma. Tehrān, 1332/1954.
Anushīrvān, b. Khālid. See under Bundārī, .
Baihaqī, Abu'1-Fadl. Ta'rīkh-i Mas'udl. (1) Ed. Ghanī, Q. and Fayyād, 'A. A.. Tehrān, 1324/1945.
Sa'id, Nafīsī. (2) Ed. 3 vols. Tehrān, 1319–32/1940–53.
Arends, A. K.. (3) Russian tr. Istoriya Mas'uda 1030–1041. Tashkent, 1962.
Barhebraeus, . Chronography. Tr. Budge, E. A. Wallis. Oxford, 1932.
Bīrūī, . al-Āthār al-bāqiya 'an al-qurūn al-khāliya. Tr. Sachau, E. : The Chronology of Ancient Nations. London, 1879.
Bundārī, . Zubdat al-nu⊡ra wa-nukhbat al-'u⊡ra. Ed. Houtsma, M. T. in Recueil de Textes Relatifs à l'Histoire des Seljoucides, 11. Leiden, 1889.
Fāriqī, Ibn al-Azraq. Ta'rīkh Mayyāfāriqīn. Extracts in al-Qalānīsī, Ibn. See below.
Gardīzī, . Zain al-Akhbār. Ed. Nazim, M.. Berlin, 1928.
Mustaufī, Hamd Allāh. Nuzhat al-qulūb. Ed. and tr. Le Strange, G.. Gibb Memorial Series, XXIII, nos. i-ii. London, 1916–19.
Mustaufī, Hamd Allāh. Ta'rīkh-i Guzīda. Facsimile text and abridged tr., Browne, E. G.. G.M.S., XIV, nos. i-ii. London, 1910–13.
Anon, . Hudūd al-'ālam. Tr. Minorsky, V.. G.M.S., n.s. XI. London, 1937.
Husainī, Husain b. Muhammad. Tarjuma-yi Mahāsin-i Isfahān. Ed. Iqbāl, 'Abbās. Tehrān, 1328/1949.
Husainī, Sadr al-Dīn 'Alī. Akhbār al-daula al-Saljūqiyya. Ed. Iqbāl, Muhammad. Lahore, 1933.
al-Athīr, Ibn. al-Kāmil fi-'l-ta'rīkh. Ed. Tornberg, C. J.. 13 vols. Leiden, 1851–76.
al-Balkhī, Ibn. Fārs-Nāma. Ed. Le Strange, G. and Nicholson, R. A.. G.M.S., n.s. 1. London, 1921.
Fadlān, Ibn. Risāla. Ed. and tr. Togan, A. Z. V.. Ibn Fadlāns Reisebericht. Abhandlungen für die Kunde des Morgenlandes, vol. XXIV, no. 3. 1939. Leipzig, 1939.
Funduq, Ibn and Zaid, 'Alī b.. Ta'rīkh-i Baihaq. Ed. Bahmanyār, A.. Tehrān, 1317/1938.
Hauqal, Ibn. Kitāb ⊡ūrat al-ard. Ed. Kramers, J. H.. 2 vols. 2nd ed. Leiden, 1938–9.
Isfandiyār, Ibn. Ta'rīkh-i Tabaristān. Abridged tr. Browne, E. G.. G.M.S., 11. Leiden, 1905.
al-Jauzī, Ibn. al-Muntazam fī ta'rīkh al-mulūk wal-umam. 7 vols. Hyderabad, 1357–9/1938–41.
Khallikān, Ibn. Wafayāt al-a'yān. Tr. Baron, M. G. Slane : Ibn Khallikan's Biographical Dictionary. 4 vols. Paris, 1843–70.
al-Qalānisī, Ibn. Dhail ta'rīkh Dimashq. Ed. Amedroz, H. F.. Leiden, 1908.
al-Tiqtaqā, Ibn. Kitāb al-Fakhrī. Cairo, 1317/1899. Tr; Whitting, C. E. J. : Al Fakhri. London, 1947.
al-Dīn, 'Imād. See under Bundārī, .
I⊡takhrī, . Kitāb masālik al-mamālik. Ed. de Goeje, M. J. , in Arabicorum, Bibliotheca Geographorum , 1. 2nd ed. Leiden, 1927.
Juvainī, , ‘Alā’, al-Dīn ‘Atā’-Malik, . Ta'rīkh-i Jahān-Gushā. Tr. Boyle, J. A. : The History of the World-Conqueror. 2 vols. Manchester, 1958.
Juvainī, Muntajab al-Dīn. 'Atabat al-kataba. Ed. Iqbāl, 'Abbās. Tehran, 1329/1950.
Jūzjānī, . Tabaqat-i Nā⊡irī. Ed. al-Hayy Habībī, 'Abd. 2 vols. Kabul, 1342–3/1963–4. Tr. Raverty, H. G. : The Tabafkāt-i Nā⊡irī. 2 vols. London, 1881–99.
Iskandar, Kai-Kā'ūs b.. Qābūs-Nāma. Ed. Levy, R.. G.M.S., n.s. XVIII. London. 1951. Tr. Levy: A Mirror for Princes. London, 1951.
Kāshgharī, Mahmūd. Dīwān Lughāt al-Turk. Facsimile text and Turkish tr., Atalay, Besim : Divanü lûgat-it Türk. 5 vols. Ankara, 1939–41.
al-Khwārazmi, Abu 'Abdallāh Muhammad. Mafātīh al-'Ulūm. Ed. van Vloten, G.. Leiden, 1895.
Māfarrūkhī, . See under Husain, b. Muhammad Husainī.
Maqdisī, . Ahsan al-taqāsīm fī ma'rifat al-aqālīm. Ed. de Geoje, M. J.. Bibliotheca Geographorum Arabicorum, in. 2nd ed. Leiden, 1906.
Mīrkhwānd, . Raudat al-⊡afā' Ed. Khān, Ridā Qulī. 6 vols. Tehrān, 1270–4/1853–6.
Ibrāhīm, Muhammad b.. Ta'rīkh-i Saljūqiyān-i Kirmān. Ed. Houtsma, M. T. in Recueil de Textes, 1. Leiden, 1886.
Anon, . Mujmal al-tawārīkh wa'l-qi⊡a⊡. Ed. Bahār, Malik al-Shu'arā'. Tehrān, 1318/1939.
Narshakhī, . Td'rīkh-i Bukhārā. Ed. Ridawī, Mudarris. Tehrān, ?1939. Tr. R. N. Frye: The History of Bukhara. Cambridge, Mass., 1954.
Nasawī, . Histoire du Sultan Djelal ed-Din Mankobirti. Ed. and tr. Houdas, O.. Publications de l'École des Langues Vivantes Orientales, in. vols. IX–X. Paris, 1891–5.
Khusrau, Nā⊡ir-i. Safar-Nāma. Ed. Siyāqī, Muhammad Dabīr. Tehrān, 1335/1956.
al-Mulk, Nizām. Siyāsat-Nāma. Ed. Qazvīnī, M. and Chahārdihī, M. M.. Tehrān, 1334/1956. Tr. H. Darke: The Book of Government, or Rules for Kings. London, 1960.
'Arūdī Samarqandī, Nizamī. Chahār Maqāla. Ed. Qazvīnī, M. and Mu'īn, M.. Tehrān, 1333/1954. Revised tr., E. G. Browne in G.M.S., XI, no. ii. London, 1921.
Rāvandī, . Rāhat al-⊡udūr wa-āyat al-surūr. Ed. Iqbāl, Muhammad. G.M.S., n.s. 11. London, 1921.
al-Jauzā, Sibt b.. Mir'at al-Zamān fī ta'rīkh al-a'yān. 2 vols. Hyderabad, 1370–1/1951–2.
Subkī, Tāj al-Dīn. Tabaqāt al-Shāfi'iyya al-kubrā. 6 vols. Cairo, 1323–4/1905–6.
Anon, . Ta'rīkh-i Sīstān. Ed. Bahār, Malik al-Shu'arā'. Tehrān, 1314/1935.
Tha‘ālibī, . Lat ā’ if al-Ma'ārif. Ed. de Jong, P.. Leiden, 1867. Tr. C. E. Bosworth: The Book of Curious and Entertaining Information. Edinburgh, 1968.
'Utbī, . al-Ta'rīkh al-Yamīnī. With commentary of Shaikh Manīnī. Cairo, 1286/1869.
Yāqūt, . Mu'jam al-buldān. Beirut, 1374–6/1955–7.
Mar'ashī, Zāhīr al-Dīn. Ta'rīkh-i Tabaristān u Rūyān u Māzndarān. Ed. Shāyāl, A.. Tehrān, 1333/1954.
Nīshāpūrī, Zahār al-Dīn. Saljūq-Nāma. Tehrān, 1332/1954.
Allen, W. E. D. A History of the Georgian People. London, 1932.
Amedroz, H. F. “The Marwānid dynasty at Mayyāfāriqīn in the tenth and eleventh centuries A.D.” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society. 1903.
Amedroz, H. F. “The assumption of the title Shâhanshâh by Buwayhid rulers”. Numismatic Chronicle, ser. 4, vol. v, 1905.
Arberry, A. J. Classical Persian literature. London, 1958.
Aubin, J. “La Ruine de Sîrâf et les Routes due Golfe Persique aux XIe et XIIe Siècles.” Cahiers de Civilisation Médiévale, vol. 11, no. 3. 1959.
Barthold, V. V. Turkestan down to the Mongol invasion. Gibb Memorial Series, n.s. v. 2nd ed. London, 1928.
Barthold, V. V. Histoire des Turcs d' Asie Centrale. Paris, 1945.
Barthold, V. V. “A Short history of Turkestan” in Four Studies on the History of Central Asia, 1. Leiden, 1956.
Barthold, V. V. “History of the Semirechye” in Four Studies, 1.
Barthold, V. V. “A history of the Turkman people” in Four Studies, III. Leiden, 1962.
Barthold, V. V. “Shirwānshāh” and “Takash”. Encyclopaedia of Islam. 1st ed. Leiden, London, 1913–42.
Bosworth, C. E. “Ghaznevid military organisation.” Der Islam, vol. XXXVI. 1960.
Bosworth, C. E. “The early Islamic history of Ghūr”. Central Asiatic Journal, vol. VI. 1961.
Bosworth, C. E. “The imperial policy of the early Ghaznawids.” Islamic Studies, Journal of the Central Institute of Islamic Research, vol. 1, no. 3. 1962.
Bosworth, C. E. “The titulature of the early Ghaznavids.” Oriens, vol. XV. 1962.
Bosworth, C. E. “Early sources for the history of the first four Ghaznavid sultans (977–1041).” Islamic Quarterly, vol. VII. 1963.
Bosworth, C. E. The Ghaznavids: their Empire in Afghanistan and Eastern Iran 994–1040. Edinburgh, 1963.
Bosworth, C. E. “On the chronology of the Ziyārids in Gurgān and Tabaristān.” Der Islam, vol. XL. 1964.
Bosworth, C. E. “Ghazna” and “Ghūrids”. Encyclopaedia of Islam. 2nd ed. Leiden, London, 1960–.
Bosworth, C. E. The Islamic Dynasties, a Chronological and Genealogical Survey. Edinburgh, 1967.
Bowen, H. “The last Buwayhids.” J.R.A.S. 1929.
Bowen, H. “The sar-gudhasht-i sayyidnā, the ‘Tale of the Three Schoolfellows’ and the wasaya of the Nizām al-Mulk.” J.R.A.S. 1931.
Bowen, H. “Notes on some early Seljuqid Viziers.” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, vol. XX, 1957.
Bowen, H. “Nizām al-Mulk.” Encyclopaedia of Islam. 1st ed.
Browne, E. G. A Literary History of Persia, 4 vols. London, Cambridge, 1902–24.
Browne, E. G. “Account of a rare manuscript history of I⊡fahán.” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, 1901.
Browne, E. G. “Account of a rare, if not unique, manuscript history of the Seljúqs…” J.R.A.S. 1902.
Cahen, C. “La Campagne de Mantzikert d'après les sources musulmanes.” Byzantion, vol. IX. 1934.
Cahen, C. “La Premiere Penetration Turque en Asie-Mineure.” Byzantion, vol. XVIII. 1948.
Cahen, C. “Les Tribus Turques d'Asie Occidentale pendant la période Seljukide.” Wiener Zeitschrift fur die Kunde des Morgenlandes, vol. LI. 1948–52.
Cahen, C. “Le Malik-Nameh et l'histoire des origines Seljukides.” Oriens, vol. II. 1949.
Cahen, C. “L'évolution de l'Iqta' du IXe au XIIIe siècle. Contribution à une histoire compareée des sociétés médiévales.” Annales: Économies, Sociétés, Civilisations, vol. VII. 1953.
Cahen, C. “The Turkish invasions: the Selchukids.” A History of the Crusades. Vol. 1: The First Hundred Years. Ed. Setton, K. M. and Baldwin, M. W.. Philadelphia, 1955.
Cahen, C. Mouvements populaires et Autonomisme Urbain dans l' Asie Musulmane du Moyen Âge. Leiden, 1959.
Cahen, C. “The historiography of the Seljuqid period.” Historians of the Middle East. Ed. Lewis, B. and Holt, P. M.. London, 1962.
Cahen, C. “The Turks in Iran and Anatolia before the Mongol invasions.” A History of the Crusades. Vol. 11
The Eater Crusades. Ed. Wolf, R. L. and Hazard, H. W.. Philadelphia, 1962.
Cahen, C. “L'Iran du Nord-Ouest face à l'expansion seljukide, d'après une source inédite.” Mélanges d'Orientalisme offerts à Henri Massé. Tehrān, 1963.
Cahen, C. “Qutlumush et Ses Fils avant l'Asie Mineure.” Der Islam, vol. XXXIX. 1964.
Cahen, C. “Alp Arslan”, “Atabak”, “Barkyāruk”, and “Buwayhids’. Encyc. Of Islam. 2nd. ed.
Frye, R.N. “The Samanids: a little-known dynasty”. Muslim World, vol. XXXIV. 1944.
Frye, R. N. “Remarks on Baluchi history”. Central Asiatic Journal, vol. VI. 1961.
Frye, R. N. and Sayïlï, A. M.. “Turks in the Middle East before the Saljuqs.” Journal of the American Oriental Society, vol. LXIII. 1943.
Grousset, R. Histoire de l' Arménie des origines à 1071. Paris, 1947.
Grousset, R. L'Empire des steppes. 4th ed. Paris, 1952.
Haig, T. W. Sir “Mahmūd of Ghazna” and “Salghurids”. Encyc. of Islam. 1st ed.
Hodgson, M. G. The Order of Assassins; the Struggle of the Early Nizârî Ismâ'îlîs against the Islamic World. The Hague, 1955.
Vasiliev, A. A.. Byname et les Arabes, vol. III.). Brussels, 1935.
Houtsma, M. T. “Zur Geschichte der Selǵuqen von Kermân”. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft, vol. XXXIX. 1885.
Houtsma, M. T. “Die Ghuzzenstämme.” W.Z.K.M., vol. II. 1888.
Houtsma, M. T. “The death of the Nizām al-Mulk and its consequences”. Journal of Indian History, ser. 3, vol. 11. 1924.
Houtsma, M. T. “Some remarks on the history of the Saljuks.” Acta Orientalia, vol. 111. 1924.
Houtsma, M. T. “Ildegiz”, “Malikshāh”, “Muhammad b. Malikshāh”, “Mahmūd b. Muhammad b. Malikshāh”, “Tughril II b. Arslan”, and “Tughril b. Muhammad”. Encyc. of Islam. 1st ed.
Huart, C. “Les Ziyârides.’ Mémoires de l'Academie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, vol. XLII. 1922.
Huart, C. “Les Mosâfirides de l'Adhetbaïdjân.” Essays to E. G. Browne. Cambridge, 1922.
Huart, C. “Kākōyids.” Encyc. of Islam. 1st ed.
Kabir, M. The Buwayhid Dynasty of Baghdad. Calcutta, 1964.
Kafesoğlu, I. “Doğu Anadoluya ilk Selçuklu akïnï (1015–21) ve tarihî ehemmiyeti.” Köprülü Armağanï. Istanbul, 1953.
Kafesoğlu, I. Sultan Melikşah devrinde Büyük Selçuklu imparatorluğu. Istanbul, 1953.
Kafesoğlu, I. “Selçuklu tarihinin meseleleri.” Belleten, vol. XIX. 1955.
Kafesoğlu, I. “Büyük Selçuklu Veziri Nizâmü'l-Mülk'ün eseri Siyâsetnâme ve türkçe tercümesi.” Türkiyat Mecmuasï, vol. XII. 1955.
Kafesoğlu, I. Harezmşahlar devleti tarihi (485–617/1092–1229). Ankara, 1956.
Kasravī, Ahmad. Shahriyārān-i gum-nām. 3 vols. Tehran, 1928–30.
Khan, Gulam Mustafa. “A history of Bahram Shah of Ghaznin.” Islamic Culture, vol. XXIII. 1949.
Köprülü, M. F. “Afshār”. Encyc. of Islam. 2nd ed.
Köymen, M. A. “Büyük Selçuklular Imparatorluğunda Oğuz Isyani”, and “Büyük Selçuklu Imparatorluğu Tarihinde Oğuz istilâsi.” Ankara Üniversitesi Dil ve Tarih-Coĝrafya Fakültesi Dergisi, vol. V. 1947.
Köymen, M. A. Büyük Selçuklu Imparatorluğu tarihi. Vol. 11: Ikinci Imparatorluk Devri. Ankara, 1954.
Krenkow, F. “al-Tughrā'ī.” Encyc. of Islam. 1st ed.
Lambton, A. K. S. Landlord and Peasant in Persia. London, 1953.
Lambton, A. K. S. “The Administration of Sanjar's Empire as illustrated in the ‘Atabat al-Kataba.” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, vol. XX. 1957.
Laurent, J. Byname et les Turcs Seldjoucides dans l'Asie Occidentale jusqu'en 1081. Nancy, 1913.
Laurent, J. “Des Grecs aux Croisés; Étude sur l'Histoire d'Edesse entre 1071 et 1098.” Byzantion, vol. 1. 1924.
Le Strange, G. The Lands of the Eastern Caliphate, Cambridge, 1905.
Le Strange, G. Description of the Province of Fars in Persia at the Beginning of the Fourteenth Century A.D. London, 1912.
Makdisi, G. “Notes on Hilla and the Mazyadids in Mediaeval Islam.” Journal of the American Oriental Society, vol. LXXIV. 1954.
Makdisi, G. “Muslim institutions of learning in eleventh-century Baghdad.” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, vol. XXIV. 1961.
Maricq, A. and Wiet, G.. “Le Minaret de Djam, la Découverte de la Capitale des Sultans Ghorides (XIIe-XIIIe siècles).” Méms. de la Délégation Archéologique Française en Afghanistan, XVI. Paris, 1959.
Marquart, J. “Ērānŝahr nach der Geographie des Ps. Moses Khorenac'i.” Abh. der Königl. Gesell. der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen, Phil.-Hist. Kl., N.F. vol. 111, no. 2. 1901.
Miles, G. C. “The coinage of the Kākwayhid dynasty.” Iraq, vol. V. 1938.
Minorsky, V. La Domination des Daīlamites. Paris, 1932.
Minorsky, V. Studies in Caucasian History. London, 1953.
Minorsky, V. A History of Sharvān and Darband in the 10th-11th Centuries. Cambridge, 1958.
Minorsky, V. “Kurds”, “Marāgha”, “Musāfirids”, “Tabriz”, and “Tiflis”, Encyc. of Islam. 1st ed.; “Ahmadīlīs” and “Daylam”, Encyc. of Islam. 2nd ed.
Minorsky, V. Cahen, C.. “Le recueil transcaucasien de Mas'ūd b. Nāmdār (début du VIe/XIIe siècle.” J.A., vol. CCXXXVII. 1949.
Nāzim, M. The Life and Times of Sultān Mahmūd of Ghazna. Cambridge, 1931.
Minorsky, V. “The Pand-Nāmah of Subuktigin.” J.R.A.S., 1933.
Nöldeke, T. Das Iranische Nationalepos. 2nd ed. Berlin, Leipzig, 1921.
Pritsak, O. “Karachanidische Streitfragen 1–4.” Oriens, vol. 111. 1950.
Pritsak, O. “Von den Karluk zu den Karachaniden.” Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft, vol. CI. 1951.
Pritsak, O. “Āl-i Burhān.” Der Islam, vol. XXX. 1952.
Pritsak, O. “Der Untergang des Reiches des Oġuzischen Yabġu.” Köprülü Armağanï. Istanbul, 1953.
Pritsak, O. “Karahanlïlar.” Islam Ansiklopedisi. Istanbul, 1941
“Die Karachaniden.” Der Islam, vol. XXXI.
Qazvīnī, Mīrzā Muhammad. “Mas'ud-i Sa'd-i Salman.” J.R.A.S., 1905, 1906.
Rabino di Borgomale, H. L. “Les Dynasties du Māzandarān de Tan 50 avant l'Hégire á l'an 1006 de l'Hégire (572 a 1597–8) d'après les Chroniques Locales.” J. A., vol. CCXXVIII. 1936.
Rabino di Borgomale, H. L. “L'Histoire du Mâzandarân.” J.A., vol. CCXXXIV. 1943–5.
Rabino di Borgomale, H. L. “Les dynasties locales du Gîlân et du Daylam.” J.A., vol. CCXXXVII. 1949.
Rippe, K. “Über den Sturz Nizām-ul-Mulks.” Köprülü Armağanī. Istanbul, 1953.
Ross, E. D. Sir “On three Muhammadan dynasties in northern Persia in the tenth and eleventh centuries.” Asia Major, vol. 11. 1925.
Ross, E. D. Sir “Shaddādids.” Encyc. of Islam, 1st ed.
Sachau, E. “Zur Geschichte und Chronologie von Khwârazm.” Sitzungs-Berichte der Wiener Akademie der Wissenschaften, Phil.-Hist. C., vol. LXXXIII, 1873; vol. LXXIV, 1873.
Sanaullah, M. F. The Decline of the Saljūqid Empire. Calcutta, 1938.
Shafi, I. M. “Fresh Light on the Ghaznavîds.” Islamic Culture, vol. XII. 1938.
Sourdel, D. Inventaire des Monnaies Musulmanes Anciennes du Musée de Caboul. Damascus, 1953.
Spuler, B. Iran in früh-islamischer Zeit. Wiesbaden, 1952.
Spuler, B. “Ghaznavids.” Encyc. of Islam. 2nd ed.
Taeschner, F. “Das Futuwwa-Rittertum des Islamischen Mittelalters.” Beiträge zur Arabistik, Semitistik und Islamwissenschaft. Leipzig, 1944.
Taeschner, F. “al-Nā⊡ir.” Encyc. of Islam. 1st ed.
Tibawi, A. L. “Origin and character of al-Madrasah.” B.S.O.A.S., vol. XXV. 1961.
Togan, A. Z. V. Umumî Türk Tarihine Giriş. Istanbul, 1946.
Glossary to Zamakhsharīs Muqaddimāt al-Adab. Istanbul, 1951.
Togan, A. Z. V. and Henning, W.. “Über die Sprache und Kultur der alten Chwarezmier.” Z.D.M.G., vol. XC. 1936.
Tolstov, S. P. Auf den Spur en der altchoresmischen Kultur. Berlin, 1953.
Wittek, P. “Deux chapîtres de l'histoire des Turcs de Roum.” Byzantion, vol. XI. 1936.
Yïnanç, Mükrimin Halil. Anadolu'nun Fethi. Istanbul, 1944.
Zetterstéen, K. V. “Kizil Arslan”, “Pehlewān Muhammad b. Ildegiz”, “Sandjar”, “Sulaimān b. Kutulmush”, and “Zengī ‘Ilmād al-Dīn”. Encyc. of Islam. 1st ed. Leiden, London, 1913–42.
Amedroz, H. F. “The mazalim jurisdiction in the Ahkam sultaniyya of Mawardi.” J.R.A.S., 1911.
Binder, L. “Al-Ghazali's theory of Islamic government.” Muslim World, vol. XLV. 1955.
Bowen, H. C. “Nizām al-Mulk.” Encyclopaedia of Islam, 1st ed.
Cahen, C. “L'évolution de l'iqta' due ixe au xiiie siècle.” Annales E.S.C., vol. VIII. 1953.
Ghazālī, . Ghazali's Book of Counsel for Kings (Na⊡ihat al-Mulūk), transl. Bagley, F. R. C.. Oxford, 1964.
Gibb, H. A. R. Sir “An interpretation of Islamic history”, in Studies on the Civilisation of Islam, ed. Shaw, Stanford J. and Polk, William R.. London, 1962.
Gibb, H. A. R. Sir “Al-Mawardi's theory of the Caliphate.” Ibid.
Horst, H. Die Staatsverwaltung der Grosselguqen und Horazmšahs (1038–1231). Wiesbaden, 1964.
Houtsma, M. T. “The death of Nizam al-Mulk and its consequences.” Journal of Indian History, vol. 3. 1924.
Khallikān, Ibn. Wafayāt al-a'yān, transl. de Slane, , 4 vols. Paris and London, 1842-71.
Iqbāl, 'Abbās. Vizārat dar 'ahd-i salātīn-i buzurg-i Saljūqī. Tehran, 1959/60.
Iskandar, Kai Kā'ūs b.. A Mirror for Princes (the Qābūs Nāmeh), transl. Levy, R.. London, 1951.
Lambton, A. K. S. “ Quis Custodiet Custodes: Some Reflections on the Persian Theory of Government.” Studia Islamica, fascs. v and vi.
Lambton, A. K. S. ‘Justice in the medieval Persian theory of kingship.” Studia Islamica, fasc. xvii.
Lambton, A. K. S. ‘Reflections on the iqtā'”, in Arabic and Islamic studies in honor of Hamilton A. R. Gibb, ed. Makdisi, George. Leiden, 1965.
Lambton, A. K. S. ‘The administration of Sanjar's Empire as illustrated in the 'Atabat al-Kataba.” B.S.O.A.S., vol. xx. 1957.
Lambton, A. K. S. ‘The theory of kingship in the Na⊡īhat ul-Mulūk of Ghazālī.” The Islamic Quarterly, vol. 1, 1954.
Makdisi, G. “Muslim institutions of learning in eleventh century Baghdad.” B.S.O.A.S., vol. xxiv. 1961.
Margoliouth, D. S. “The Devil's delusion, by Ibn al-Jauzī.” Islamic Culture, vols, IX, X, XI, XII, XIX, XX, XXI AND XXII (1935–48).
Massignon, L. “Les Medresehs de Baghdad.” B.I.F.A.O., vol. VII. 1909.
Khusrau, Nā⊡ir-i. Sefer Nameh, Relation du Voyage de Nasseri Khosrau, transl. Schefer, C.. Paris, 1881.
al-Mulk, Nizām. Siasset Nameh, Traité de Gouvernement, transl. Schefer, C.. Paris, 1893.
Ribera y Tarragó, J. “Origen del Colegio Nidamí de Baghdad.” Disertaciones y opúsculos, vol. 1. 1928.
Sanaullah, M. F. The decline of the Saljuqid Empire. Calcutta, 1938.
Siddiqi, Amir Husain. “Caliphate and kingship in medieval Islam”, in Islamic Culture, vols, x/3 and XI/I.
Talas, Asad. La madrasa Nizamiyya et son histoire. Paris, 1939.
Nizām al-Mulk, . Siyāsat-Nāma. Tr. Schefer, . Paris, 1891, 1897. New ed.: Mudarrisī. Tehrān, 1335/1956. Russian tr.: Zakhoder, B. N.. Moskow-Leningrad, 1949; English tr.: Darke, H.. London, 1960.
Abi'l-Husain al-Qazvīnī al-Rāzī, Na⋅īr al-Dīn Abu'l-Rashīd 'Abd al-Jalīl b.. Kitāb al-naqd, ed. Muhaddith, . Tehrān, 1331/1952.
Rāzī, Sayyid Murtadā. Tab⊡irat al-'awāmm fi ma'rifa maqālāt al-anām. Ed. Iqbāl, A.. Tehrān, 1313/1934.
Rāvandi, . Rābat al-⊡udū;r. Ed. Iqbāl, M.. Leiden, 1921.
Ibn al-Jauzī, . Talbīs Iblis. Cairo, 1928.
Shihābu, a'l-Dīn Suhravardī. Opera Metaphysica et Mystica. Ed. Corbin, Henry. Vol. 1. Istanbul, 1945: vol. 11, Tehrān, 1952.
Abū Bakr al-Qutbīal-Ahrī, . Ta”rīkh-i Shaikh Uwais. Ed. and tr. van Loon, J. B. , The Hague, 1954.
Abu”1-Fidā, . Ta”rīkh Ismā‘il Abi'l-Fidā. 4 vols. Constantinople.
Admiralty, , Naval Intelligence Division. Persia. 1945.
Alizade, A. A. See Rashid al-Dīn, .
Arends, A. K. See Rashid al-Dīn, .
Atalay, B. See Kāshgharī, .
Barhebraeus, . The Chronography of Gregory Abûl Faraj. 2 vols. Tr. and ed. Budge, E. A. W.. London, 1932.
Barthold, W. Four Studies on the History of Central Asia. Tr. , V. and Minorsky, T.. Vol. 1. Leiden, 1956.
Barthold, W. Turkestan down to the Mongol Invasion. London, 1928.
Blake, R. P. See ,Grigor of Akner.
Blochet, E. See Rashīd al-Dīn, .
Borghezio, G.Un episodio delle relazioni tra la Santa Sede e i Mongoli (1274).Roma, vol. XIV, no. 11. 1936.
Boyle, J. A.The death of the last ‘Abbāsid Caliph: a contemporary Muslim account.Journal of Semitic Studies. vol. vi, no. 2. 1961.
Boyle, J. A.A form of horse sacrifice amongst the 13th- and 14th-century Mongols.Central Asiatic Journal., vol. x, nos. 3–4. 1965.
Boyle, J. A. “Iru and Maru in the Secret History of the Mongols.Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies., vol. XVII, nos. 3 and 4. 1954.
Boyle, J. A.The journey of Het“um I, King of Little Armenia, to the court of the Great Khan Möngke.Central Asiatic Journal, vol. IX, no. 3. 1964.
Boyle, J. A.Kirakos of Ganjak on the Möngols.Central Asiatic Journal, vol. VIII, no. 3. 1963.
Boyle, J. A.The longer introduction to the Zīj-i-Īlkhāriī of Nasīr-ad-Dīn Tūsī.Journal of Semitic Studies., vol. VIII, no. 2. 1963.
Boyle, J. A.The Mongol commanders in Afghanistan and India according to the Tabaqāt-i-Nāsirī of Jūzjānī.Islamic Studies, vol. II, no. 2. 1963.
Boyle, J. A.On the titles given in Juvainī to certain Mongolian princes.Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies., vol. XIX, nos. 3 and 4. 1956.
Boyle, J. A. See also Juvainī,
Bretschneider, E. Medieval Researches from Eastern Asiatic Sources. 2 vols. London, 1888.
Browne, E. G. A Literary History of Persia. Vol. III. Cambridge, 1928.
Budge, E. A. W. See Barhebraeus, .
Carpini, . Histoire des Mongols. Tr. and ed. Becquet, Dom J. and Hambis, L. Paris, 1965.
Carpini, . The Tartar Relation. Tr. Painter, G. D. in The Vinland Map and the Tartar Relation by Skelton, R. A. , etc. New Haven and London, 1965.
Cattenoz, H. G. Tables de concordance des ères cbrétienne et bégirienne. 2nd ed. Rabat, 1954.
Ch“ang-ch“un, . The Travels of an Alchemist. Tr. Waley, A.. London, 1931.
Doerfer, G. Türkische und mongolische Elemente im Neupersischen. Vols. I-III. Wiesbaden, 1963, 1965 and 1967.
Eghbal, Abbas. Ta”rtkh-i mufassal-i Īrān. Vol. I, 2nd ed. Tehrān, 1341/1962.
Fa⊡īh, Ahmad. Mujmal-i Fasīhī. Ed. Farrukh, Mahmūd. 3 vols. Mashhad, 1960–2.
Fischel, W. J.Azarbaijan in Jewish history.Proceedings of the American Academy for Jewish Research, vol. XXII. 1953.
Fischel, W. J.On the Iranian paper currency of the Mongol period.Journal of Royal Asiatic Society., 1939.
Fischel, W. J.Über Raschid ad-Daulas jüdischen Ursprung.Montaschrift für Geschichte und Wissenschaft des Judentums, vol. LXXX. 1937.
Frye, R. N. See ,Grigor of Akner.
Gibb, H. A. R. See Battüta, Ibn.
Gottschalk, H. L. Al-Malik al-Kāmil von Egypten und seine Zeit. Wiesbaden, 1958.
,Grigor of Akner. History of the Nation of the Archers. Ed. and tr. Blake, R. P. and Frye, R. N.. Cambridge, Mass., 1954.
Grousset, R. Le Conquérant du monde. Paris, 1944.
Grousset, R. L'Empire des steppes. Paris, 1939.
Haenisch, E. See Secret History of the Mongols.
Abrū, Hāfiz-i. Dhail-i Jāmi‘ al-Tawārīkh. Ed. Bayānī, Khān-Bābā. Tehrān, 1939.
Haithon, . Flos Historiarum Terre Orientes in Recueil des Historiens des Croisades, Documents arméniens. Paris, 1906.
Hambis, L. See Yüan shih and Sheng-wu ch“in-cheng lu.
Hammer-Purgstall, J. von. See Vassāf, .
Harva, U. Die religiösen Vorstellungen der altaischen Völker. Helsinki, 1938.
Howorth, H. H. History of the Mongols. 4 vols. London, 1876–1927.
Ibn al-Athīr, . Chronicon, quod perfectissimum inscribitur. Ed. Tornberg, K. J.. Vol. XII. Leiden, 1853.
Ibn Battüta, . The Travels of Ibn Battüta. Tr. Gibb, H. A. R. , vol. II. Cambridge, 1962.
Ibn Bībī, . Die Seltschukengeschichte des Ibn Bībī. Tr. Duda, Herbert W.. Copenhagen, 1959.
Ibn Fadlān, . Ibn Fadlāns Reisebericht. Ed. and tr. Togan, A. Zeki Validi. Leipzig, 1939.
Jahn, K.Das iranische Papiergeld.Archiv Orientální, vol. X. 1938.
Jahn, K. Rashīd al Din”s History of India. The Hague, 1965.
Jahn, K. See Rashīd al-Dīn, .
Jūzjānī, . Tabaqāt-i-Nasirī. Tr. Raverty, H. G.. 2 vols. London, 1881.
Jūzjānī, , Tabaqāt-i-Nasirī. Ed. Habībī, H.. Vol. II. Kabul, 1964.
Kāshgharī, . Divanü Luğat-it-Türk. Tr. Atalay, B.. 3 vols. Ankara, 1939–41.
Gandzakets“i, Kirakos. Patmut‘yun Hayots‘ Ed. Melik‘-Ohanjanyan, K. A.. Erevan, 1961.
Lane-Poole, Stanley. The Mohammadan Dynasties. London, 1894.
Lessing, F. D. (ed.). Mongolian-English Dictionary. Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1960.
Le Strange, G. The Lands of the Eastern Caliphate. Cambridge, 1930.
Le Strange, G. Palestine under the Moslems. London, 1890.
Le Strange, G. See also Mustaufī, .
Loon, J. B.. See Abū Bakr al-Qutbī al-Ahrī, .
Maqrīzī, . Histoire des sultans mamlouks de l'Egypte. Tr. QuatremÈre, M. E.. 2 vols. Paris, 1837–45.
Minorsky, V. A History of Sharvan and Darband in the 10th–11th Century. Cambridge, 1958.
Minorsky, V.Geographical factors in Persian Art.B.S.O.S., vol. IX, no. 3. 1938.
Minorsky, V. Iranica. Tehrān, 1964.
Minorsky, V.A Mongol decree of 720/1320 to the family of Shaikh Zāhid.Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies., vol. XVI, no. 3. 1954.
Minorsky, V.Mongol place-names in Mukri Kurdistan.Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies., vol. XIX, no. 1. 1957.
Minorsky, V.Roman and Byzantine Campaigns in Atropatene.”. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies., vol. XI, no. 2. 1944.
Minorsky, V.La Perse au Moyen Age.” In Proceedings of XII Convegno “Volta”, Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei. Rome, 1957.
Minorsky, V. Studies in Caucasian History. London, 1953.
Mīrkhwānd, . Raudat al-safā. Vol. v. Tehrān, 1960.
Mostaert, A. and Cleaves, F. W. Les Lettres de 1289 et 1305 des ilkhan Aryun et Öljeitü. Cambridge, Mass., 1962.
Mostaert, A. and Cleaves, F. W.Trois documents mongols des Archives secrètes vaticanes.Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies., vol. XV, nos. 3 and 4. 1952.
Moule, A. C. Christians in China before the Year 1550. London, 1930.
Mustaufī, . The Geographical Part of the Nuzhat-al-Qulūb. Tr. le Strange, G. , Leiden and London, 1919.
Nasawī, . Histoire du Sultan Djelal ed-Dīn Mankobirti. Ed. and tr. Houdas, O. , 2 vols. Paris, 1891–5.
d”Ohsson, C. Histoire des Mongols. 4 vols. The Hague and Amsterdam, 1834–5.
Pelliot, P. Notes on Marco Polo. 2 vols. Paris, 1959 and 1963.
Pelliot, P. Notes sur l”histoire de la Horde d”Or. Paris, 1950.
Pelliot, P. See Secret History of the Mongols.
Petech, L.Les Marchands italiens dans” empire mongol.Journal Asiatique., vol. CCL. 1962.
Polo, Marco. The Book of Ser Marco Polo. Tr. and ed. Yule, HenrySir. 3rd ed. by Cordier, Henri. 2 vols. London, 1903.
Poppe, Nicholas. Grammar of Written Mongolian. Wiesbaden, 1954.
Rashīd al-Dīn, . Djami el-Tévarikh. Vol. II. Ed. Blochet, E.. Leiden and London, 1911.
Rashīd al-Dīn, . Dzami-ät-Tävarikh. Vol. III. Ed. Alizade, A. A., tr. Arends, A. K.. Baku, 1957.
Rashīd al-Dīn, . Histoire des Francs. Ed. and tr. Jahn, K.. Leiden, 1951.
Rashīd al-Dīn, Geschichte Gāān-Hāns. Ed. Jahn, K.. Leiden, 1940.
Rashīd al-Dīn, Sbonik letopisei. Vol. 1, part 2. Tr. Smirnova, O. I.. Moscow-Leningrad, 1952. Vol. II. Tr. Verkhovsky, Y. P.. Moscow-Leningrad, 1960.
Rashīd al-Dīn, Ta”rlh-i mubĀrak-i Gāzānī (History of the Īl-Khāns Abaqa to Geikhatu). Ed. Jahn, K. , Prague, 1941.
Richard, J.Le Début des relations entre la Papauté et les Mongols en Perse.Journal Asiatique., vol. CCXXXVII. 1949.
Rubruck, . The Journey of William of Rubruck to the Eastern Parts of the World. Tr. Rockhill, W. W.. London, 1900.
Saifī, . Ta”rlkh-Nāma-yi Harāt. Ed. Siddiqi, M. Z.. Calcutta, 1944.
Secret History of the Mongols. Die Geheime Geschichte der Mongolen. Tr. Haenisch, E.. 2nd ed. Leipzig, 1948.
Saifī, . L”Histoire secrète des Mongols. Tr. Pelliot, P.. Paris, 1949.
Saifī, . See also Waley, A.
Sheng-ivu ch”in-cheng lu. Histoire des campagnes de Gengis-Khan. Tr. and ed. Pelliot, P. and Hambis, L.. Vol. 1. Leiden, 1951.
Smirnova, O. I. See Rashīd al-Dīn, .
Spuler, B. Die Goldene Horde. 2nd ed. Wiesbaden, 1965.
Spuler, B. Die Mongolen in Iran. 2nd ed. Berlin, 1955.
Togan, A. Z. V. See Ibn Fadlān, .
Vassāf, . Geschichte Wassaf”s. Ed. and tr. Hammer-Purgstall, J. von. Vol. 1. Vienna, 1856.
Vassāf, . Kitāb-i mustatāb-i Vassāf. Lithograph, ed. Bombay, 1852–3.
Verkhovsky, Y. P. See Rashīd al-Dīn, .
Waley, A. The Secret, History of the Mongols and Other Pieces. London, 1963.
Wheeler, G. The Modern History of the Soviet Central Asia. London, 1964.
Willey, P. R. E. The Castles of the Assassins. London, 1963.
Yüan shih, . Le chapitre CVII du Yuan che. Ed. and tr. Hambis, L.. Leiden, 1945.
Abū Bakr al-Qutī al-Ahrī, Ta'rīkh-i Shaikh Uwais. Ed. and tr. van Loon, J. B.. The Hague, 1954.
Aflākī, Afdāl ad-Din, . Aflaki, Manaqib al-arifin. Cl. Huart, Les saints des derviches tourneurs, vol. 1, 1918 (Fr. transl.).
Barbaro, Josafa. Travels to Tana and Persia. Ed. Lord Stanley of Alderley… Hakluyt series, vol. 49, part 1. London, 1873.
Burhān-i Qāti', . Kitāb-i Burhān-e Qāti' td'lī-i Mohammad Husain. Calcutta, 1233/1818 (Pers.).
Ch'ang-ch'un, . Si Yu-tsy, puteshestvie na Zapad. Perevod s primechaniyami arkhimandrita Palladia Kafarova. Trudy chlenov Russkoi dukhovnoi missii v Pekine, vol. IV. St Petersburg., 1866.
Chao Ju-kua, , His Work of the Chinese Trade in the XII and XIII Centuries.… Tr. Hirth, E. and Rockhill, W. W.. St Petersburg, 1912.
Clavijo, R. G. Dnevnik puteshestvya ko dvoru Timura (“Diary of a visit to the court of Timur”). Ed. Sreznevsky, I. I.. St Petersburg., 1881. (Spanish text and Russian tr.)
Dastūr al-kātib, . See Muhammad b. Hindūshāh-i Nakhchivani.
Daulatshāh, . The Tadhkirat al-shu 'ard of Dawlatsháh. Ed. Browne, E. G.. London-Leiden, 1901.
Fādil Haravī, . Irshād al-zirā'a. Ed. Najm al-Daula, 'Abd al-Ghaffār. Tehrān, 1323/1905 (Pers. text).
Falāha, . Kītāb-i 'ilm-i falāhat u zirā'at, ta'līf-i shakhs-i 'ālim va 'dmil va siyāhī dar 'ahd-i Ghāzān Khān, Ed. Najm al-Daula, 'Abd al-Ghaffār. Tehrān, 1323/1905 (Pers. text, lithogr.).
Firdausī, . Shāh-Nāma. J. Mohl, Chah-nama, édition complète, vol. I-VII. Paris, 1830–78 (texte pers.).
,Grigor of Akner. History of the Nation of the Archers (Mongols)… The Armenian text ed. with an English tr. and notes by Blake, Robert P. and Frye, Richard N.. Cambridge, Mass., 1954.
Gurgānī, Fakhr al-Dīn. Vīs u Rāmīn. Ed. Minovi, M. Tehrān, 1314/1935 (Pers. text).
Hāfiz-i Abrū, . Geographical work without title, manuscript of the Oriental Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Uzbek, No. 5361 (Tashkent).
Hāfiz-i Abrū, . Dhail-i Jāmi' al-tawārīkh. Ed. Bayānī, Khānbābā. Tehrān, 1317/1938.
Hudūd al-'ālam. Manuscript of Tumansky (phototype of the Persian text), with tr. by Barthold, V. V.. Leningrad., 1930.
Hudūd al-'ālam. Minorsky, V. , Hudūd al-'ādlamLondon, 1937. Gibb Memorial Series., n.s. XI (English tr. and commentary).
Āvī, Husain. Tarjuma-yi Mahāsin-i Isfahān, Ed. Iqbāl, 'Abbās. Tehrān, 1328/1949 (Pers. text).
Ibn al-Athīr, . Ibn el-Athiri Chronicon… Ed. Tornberg, C. J. , vol. XII. Leiden-Upsala, 1853-64 (Arab. text).
Ibn al-Balkhī, . The Fārs-nāma.… Ed. by le Strange, and Nicholson, R.. London, 1921. Gibb Memorial Series. n.s. 1 (Pers. text).
Ibn Battūta, . Voyages d'lbn Batoutah … Par Defrémery, C. et le Sanguinetti, B. R.Dr. , vol. I—IV. Paris. 1854–9 (texte arabe et traduction françhise).
Funduq, Ibn, Abū-l-Hasan Baihaqī, . Ta'rīkh-i Baihaq, Ed. Bahmanyār, Ahmad. Tehrān, 1317/1938 (Pers. text).
Isfandiyār, Ibn. Ta'rīkh-i Tabaristān. Ed. 'Abbās Iqbāl, , vol. 1. Tehrān, 1320/1941 (Pers. text).
Ibn Isfandiyār, . An abridged translation of the History of Tabaristan…by Browne, E. G.. Leiden-London, 1905. Gibb Memorial Series., II.
Rusta, Ibn. Kitāb al-a'lāq an-nafīsa.… Ed. de Goeje, Moscow. I.. Bibliotheca geographorum Arabicorum. vol. VII. Leiden, 1892 (Arab. text).
Irshād az-zirā'a. See Haravī, Fādil.
Jūzjānī, Minhāj ad-Din. Tabaqāt-i Nāsirī. Ed. Nassau-Lees, W.. Calcutta, 1863–4 (Pers. text).
Juvainī, ‘Ala’ al-Dīn ‘Atā Malik. The Ta'ríkh-i-Jahān-Gushá… Ed. by 'Abd al-Wahh'b-i Qazvīnī, Mīrzā Muhammad ibn , parts 1–111. London-Leiden, 1912–37. G.M.D., XVI, 1–3 (Pers. text).
Juvainī, (tr. by Boyle, J. A. ). The History of the World-Conqueror, vols. I–II. Manchester, 1958.
Kāshifī, Fakhr al-Dīn 'Ali ibn Husayn-i Va'iz. Rashahāt (ain al-hayāt. Tashkent 1329/1911 (Pers. text, lithogr.).
Khwandamīr, . Habīb al-siyar. Bombay, 1253/1857 (Pers. text, lithogr.).
Gandzaketsi, Kirakos. Brosset, M. , Deux historiens arméniens.…Kirakos de Gandzak.… St Petersburg., 1871 (trad, franç.).
Kitāb-i 'ilm-i falāhat u zirā'at. See Falāha.
Mar'ashī, Zahīr al-Dīn. Sehir ed-din's Geschichte von Tabaristan. Ed. Dorn, B.. St Petersburg., 1850 (Pers. text).
Yabalaha, Mar. Histoire de Mar Yabalaha III, patriarche des Nestoriens…, Traduite du syriaque par Chabot, J. B.. Paris, 1895 (trad. Franç.).
Nakhchivānī, Muhammad b. Hindūshāh-i. Dastūr al-kātib fi-ta'yīn al marātib. Manuscript of the Institute of the Nations of Asia of the Soviet Academy of Sciences, unnumbered. Copy of V. G. Tischenhausen from the Vienna manuscript F-185 (Leningrad: Pers.).
Saifī, , Saif, ibn Muhammad al-Haravī. Saifī, , Ta'rīkh-Nāma-yi Harāt. Ed. Zubair al-Siddīqī, MuhammadProf. Calcutta, 1944 (Pers. text).
Shabāngāraī, Muhammad. Majma' al-ansāb. Manuscript of the Institute of the Nations of Asia, no. 372 (Leningrad: Pers.).
Shams-i Fakhrī, . Shaws-i Fachrii Ispahanensis Lexicon Persicum. Ed. Salemann, C.. Kazan, 1887 (Pers. text and indices).
Tabarī, Muhammad ibn Jarīr. Annales. Ed. de Goeje, Mosocow. J. , Ser. I. Leiden, 1879 (Arab. text).
Tabarī, , Noeldeke, Th. , Geschichte der Perser und Araber zur Zeit der Sasaniden. Leiden, 1879.
Ta'rīkh-i Baihaq. See Funduq, Ibn.
Ta'rīkh-i Sīstān. Ed. Malik al-Shu'arā Bahār, . Tehrān, 1314/1935 (Pers. text).
Va⊡⊡āf, . Kitāb-i tajziyat al-am⋅ār wa tazjiyat al-a'sār. Bombay, 1269/1852–3 (Pers. text, lithogr.).
Yāqūt ar-Rūmī al-Hamawī, . Jacu's geographisches Woerterbuch. Ed. Wuestenfeld, F. , Bd. I-IV. Leipzig, 1866–70.
Alizade, A. A. K istorii feudal'nïkh otnoshenii v Azerbaidzhane XIII-XIV vv. — termini “tarh” i “qopcbür”. Sbornik statei po istorii Azerbaijana, Baku., vïp. 1. Baku, 1949.
Alizade, A. A. K voprosu ob institute iktā' v Azerbaidzhane, sbornik statei po istorii Azerbaidzhana (S.S.A.), vīp. 1. Baku, 1949.
Alizade, A. A. K voprosu ob institute īnadzhū v Azerbaidzhane, Sbornik statei po istorii Azerbaijana, vip. I. Baku. 1949.
Alizade, A. A. K voprosu o polozhenii krstyan v Azerbaidzhane v X–XIV VV. Trudï Instituta istorii Akad. Nauk Azerb. SSR, vol. III. Baku, 1949.
Alizade, A. A. Sotsia'no-ekonomicheskaya i politicheskaya istorya Azerbaidzhana XIII-XIV vv. Baku, 1956.
Alizade, A. A. Zemel'naya politika il'khanov v Azerbaidzhane. Trudï Instituta istorii Akademii Nauk Azerb. SSR, vol. I. Baku, 1947.
Barthold, V. V.;Hāfiz-i Abrū i ego sochineniya.” Sbornik “al-Muzaffariya” v chest' V. R. Rozena. St Petersburg., 1897.
Barthold, V. V. Istoriko-geografichesky obzor Irana. St Petersburg., 1903.
Barthold, V. V. Istoria kulturnoi zhizni Turkestana. Leningrad., 1927.
Barthold, V. V.K istorii krestyansk¨kh dvizhenii v Persii.” Sbornik “Iz dalekogo i blizkogo proshlogo v chest' N. I. Kareeva”. St Petersburg., 1923.
Barthold, V. V.K voprosu o feodalizme v Irane.” Novy Vostok, no. 28. Moscow., 1930.
Barthold, V. V. Mesto prikaspiyskikh oblastei v istorii musulmanskogo mira. Baku, 1926.
Barthold, V. V. Persidskaya nadpis' na stene aniyskoi mecheti Manuche. St Petersburg, 1911.
Barthold, V. V. “TadjikEncyclopaedia of Islam., vol. IV.
Barthold, V. V. Turkestan down to the Mongol Invasion. London, 1958; Gibb Memorial Series, n.s. v.
Barthold, V. V , Turkestan v epokhu Mongol' skogo nashestvia (Works, vol. 1). Moscow., 1963 (2nd Russian edn).
Becker, C. H.Steuerpacht und Lehnwesen in den moslemischen Staaten.” Der Islam, vol. V, I. 1914.
Belenitsky, A. M.K voprosu sotsialnïkh otnosheniyakh v Hulaguidskuyu epokhu.” Sovetskoe vostokovedenie, vol. v. Moscow-Leningrad, 1948.
Browne, E. G. A Literary History of Persia, vol. III. Cambridge, 1951.
Cahen, Claude. “L'évolution de l'iqtā' du IX au XIII siècle.” Annales (Economies, Sociales, Civilisation), vol. 8, N. 1. Paris, 1953.
Gordlevsky, V. A. Gosudarstvo Sel'jukidov Maloi Azii. Moscow., 1941.
Heyd, W. Geschichte des Levantehandels im Mittelalter, Bd. I–II. Stuttgart, 1879.
Hinz, Walter. “Das Rechnungswesen orientalischer Reichsfinänzamter im Mittelalter.” Der Islam, Bd. 29/1-2. Berlin, 1949.
Iqbāl (Eghbāl), 'Abbās. Ta'rīkh-i mufa⊡⊡al-i Iran az istilā-yi Mughūl tā i'lān-I mashrūtiyyat, jild-i I. Az Chingī tā Tīmūr. Tehrān, 1312/1933.
Lambton, A. K. S. Islamic Society in Persia. London, 1954.
Lambton, A. K. S. Landlord and Peasant in Persia. London, 1953.
Le Strange, G. The Lands of the Eastern Caliphate. Cambridge, 1905.
Minorsky, V.A civil and military review in Fars in 881/1476.Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies. vol. x, part 1. 1959.
Minorsky, V.A Mongol decree of 720/1320 to the family of Shaykh Zahid.” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, vol. XVI, part 3. 1954.
Minorsky, V.A Soyurghal of Qasim B. Jahangir Aq-Qoyunlu 903/1498.” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, vol. IX, part 4. 1939.
Minorsky, V.Pūr-i Bahā and his Poems.” Charisteria ( Rypka, J. ). Prague, 1956.
Petrushevsky, I. P.Feodalnoe khozyaystvo Rashid ad-dina.” Voprosï istorii, no. 4. 1951.
Petrushevsky, I.P.Gorodskaya znat' v gosudarstve Hulaguidov.” Sovetskoe vostoko-vedenie, vol. v. Moscow Leningrad, 1948.
Petrushevsky, I.P.Iz istorii Bukharï v XIII v…Uchenye zapiski Leningradskogo gosud. universiteta, no. 179 (Seria vostokovedcheskikh nauk, vïpusk 1). Leningrad., 1949.
Petrushevsky, I.P.Persidskii traktat po agrotekhnike vremeni Gazan-khana.” Materialï pervoi vsesoyuznoi nauchnoi konferentsii vosiokovedov 1957g. Tashkent, 1958.
Petrushevsky, I.P.Trud Seifi kak istochnik po istorii Vostochnogo Horasana.” Materiali Yuzhno-Turkmenskoi arkheologicheskoi kompleksnoi ekspeditsii, vol. v. Ashkabad, 1955.
Petrushevsky, I.P. Zemledelie i agrarnïe otnosheniya v Irane XIII-XIV vv. Moscow Leningrad, 1960.
Poliak, A. N.Classification of lands in the Islamic law.” Amer. Journ. Semitic Lang. Literatures. 1940.
Poliak, A. N.La féodalité islamique.” La Revue des Etudes Isfamiques, vol. x. Paris, 1936.
Schwarz, P. Iran im Mittelalter nach den arabischen Geographer, vols. I–IX. Leipzig, 1896–1936.
Spuler, B. Die Mongolen in Iran, 2nd ed. Berlin, 1955.
Spuler, B.Quellenkritik der Mongolengeschichte Irans.” Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft. vol. 92 (17), 1939.
Spuler, B. Die Mongolen in Iran. Berlin, 1955 (see especially pp. 167–249).
Safa, Z. Ta'rtkh-i adabiyyāt dar Iran. Vol. II, part 1. Tehrān, 1341/1962 (pp. 103–98).
Petrushevsky, I. P. Zemkdelie i agrarnïe otnošeniya v Irane XIII-XIV vekov. Moscow, Leningrad, 1960 (especially pp. 403–71). On “Shi‘ite” Sūfism, see especially:
Molé, M.. “Les Kubrawiya entre sunnisme et shiisme aux huitième et neuvième siècles del'hégire.” Revue des Etudes Islamiques. 1961. Pp. 61–142. On Shi'ism, see also:
Strothmann, R. Die Zwölfer-Scbī'a, Zwei religionsgeschichtliche Charakterhilder aus der Mongolenzeit Leipzig, 1926.
Jabalī, ‘Abd al–Vāsi‘. Dīvān, ed. Dh. Safā., I. (Qa⊡idas). Tehrān, 1339/1960–1.
Abdullah, S. M.The Value of Persian Poetry”, in Islamic Research Association Miscellany vol. 1. Oxford, 1949.
Adīb Sābir, . Dīvān, ed. ‘Alī Qavīm, . 1334/1955–6.
‘Am‘aq, . Dīvān, ed. Nafīsī, S.. Tehrān, 1339/1960–1.
An⊡ārī, . “Munājāt”, transl. Arberry, A. J.. Islamic Culture, 1936, pp. h 369–80.
Anvarī, . Dīvān, ed. Nafīsī, S. Tehrān, 1337/1958–9; 2 vols., ed. Mudarris Rażavī, Muh. T.. Tehrān, 1337/1958–9, 1340/1961–2. Zhukovskiy, V. A. , Ali Av.khadeddin Enveri. Materiaï dlya ego biografii i kharakteristiki, St Petersburg, 1883.
Arberry, A. J. An Introduction to the History of Sufism, London, n.d./Sufism. An Account of the Mystics of Islam, London, 1950./British contributions to Persian Studies, London, 1942./“Persian Literature”, in The Legacy of Persia, Oxford, 1953, pp. 199–229. /Classical Persian Literature. London, 1958./Immortal Rose. An Anthology of Persian Lyrics. London, 1948.
Akhsīkatī, Athīr al–Dīn. Dīvān, ed. Humāyūn-Farrukh, Rukn al–Dīn. 1337/1958–9.
Attār, . Kullīyāt. Lucknow, 1872./Dīvān–i qa⊡āid va ghazalīyāt…, ed. Nafīsī, S.. Tehr¯n, 1319/1940–1; ed. Tafadddotb;dulī, Taqī. Tehran, 1341/1962–3./Mantiq al–Tair, ed. Mashkūr, Muh. Javād. Tehrān, 1337/1958–9, 1341/1962–3./Mantic Uttaïr; ou JLe langage des oiseaux, poème de philosophie religieuse, ed. Garcin de Tassy, M.. Paris, 1857; transl. de Tassy, Garcin , 1863./The Conference of the Birds, transl. Nott, C. S. from Garqjn de Tassy's version. London, 1954./ de Tassy, Garcin , JLa poésie philosophique et religieuse d'après le Mantic Uttaīr de Fariduddin Attar. 4th ed. Paris, 1864./Ilahi–name. Die Gespräche des Königs mit seinen sechs Söhnen. Eine mystische Dichtung, ed. Ritter, H.. Istanbul, 1940; ed. Rouhani, F.. Tehrān, 1340/1961–2; Le Livre Divin, transl. Rouhani, F.. Paris, 1961./Mu⊡ībat–Nāma, ed. Visāl, Nūrānī. Tehrān, 1338/1959–60./Asrār–Nāma, ed. Gauharīn, Sādiq. Tehrān, 1338/1959–60./Khusrau–Nāma, ed. Khwānsārī, Ahmad Suhailī. Tehrān, 1340/1961–2./Ushtur–Nāma, ed. Mahdī, Muhacciq. Tehrān, 1340/1961–2/Pand–namèh, ou Le Livre des Conseils, transl. and ed. de Sacy, Silvestre. Paris, 1819./Tadhkiratu'l–Awliyā (“Memoirs of the Saints”), ed. Nicholson, R. A.. 2 vols. London–Leiden, 1905–7; abridged and transl. into English by Lahore, B. Behari. , 1961./ Nafīsī, S. , Justujū dar ahvāl va āthār–i Farī al–Dīn ‘Attār–i Nīshābūrī. Tehrān, 1320/1941–2./ Ritter, H. , Das Meer der Seele. Mensch, Welt und Gott in den Geschichten des Farīduddīn ‘Attār. Leiden, 1955./ Furūzānfar, Badī‘ al–zamān , Sharh–i ahvāl va naqd u tahlīl–i āthār–i Shaikh Farīd al–Dīn Attār. Tehrān, 1340/1961–2./ Lentz, W. , “‘Attar als Allegoriker. Bemerkungen zu Ritters ‘Meer der Seele’.” Der Islam, vol. 35 (1960). / Ritter, H. , “‘Attār. Philologika X. (I.) Zur Vita.Der Islam, vol. 25 (1939), pp. 134–73; XIV. (II.) Oriens, vol. 11 (1958), pp. 1–76; XV. (111.) “Der Dlwan.Ibid. vol. 12 (1959), pp. 1–88; XVI. “Muxtarnāme.” Ibid. vols. 13–14 (1961), pp. 195–239.
Aufī, Jawāmi‘ al–riwāyātwa lawāmi‘ al–riwāyāt, ed. Bahār, Muhammad T. , vol. I. Tehrān, 1324/1956–7; ed. Mu‘īn, Muhammad , vol. I. Tehrān, 1335/1956–7; 1340/1961–2./ Nizāmuddīn, Muhāmmad , Introduction to the Jawámi‘ u 'l-Hikáyát… London, 1929./The Lubábu' l-albáb, ed. Browne, E. G. and Qazvīnī, Muhāmmad. 2 vols. London, 1903, 1906; ed. Nafīsī, S.. Tehrān./ Nicholson, R. A. , Studies in Islamic Poetry. Cambridge, 1921.
Auhadī, Jām-i Jam, ed. Dastgirdī, Vahīd. Tehrān, 1307/1928–9./Kulliyyāt, ed. Nafīsī, S.. Tehrān, 1340/1961–2./Dīvān, ed. Yūsha, Sayyid. Madras, 1951; ed. Sa‘ādat, Hamid. Tehrān, 1340/1961–2.
Afdal, Bābā. Mu⊡annafāt, ed. Minovi, M. and Mahdavā, Yahyā. 2 vols. Tehrān, 1330/1951–2, 1337/1956-–7/Rub¯‘ilyāt, ed. Nafīsī, S.. Tehrān, 1311/1932–3.
al-Baghdādī, Baha' al-Dīn Muhammad. Al-Tavassul ilā al-tarassul, ed. Bahmanyār, Ahmad. Tehrān, 1315/1936–7.
Husain Khatībā Balkhī, Baha' al-Dīn Muhāmmad (“Bahā' Valad”). Ma‘ārif ed. Furūzānfar, Badī‘ al-Zamān. Tehrān, vols. I. 1333/1954–5, II. 1339/1960–1.
Bahār, Malik al–shu‘arā Muhāmmad Taqī. Sabk-shināsī yā tatavvur-i nathr-i fārsī 2 vols. Tehrān, 1321/1942–3; 2nd ed. 1337–8/1958–1960.
Baihaqī, , Mudāmmad, Abu'l-Fadl. Ta'rīkh-i Baihaqī, ed. Ghanī, and Faiyāż, . Tehrān, 1324/1945–6./Ta'rīkh-i Mas‘ūdī ma‘rūf bi-Ta’ rīkh-i Baihaqī, ed. Nafīsī, S.. 3 vols. Tehrān, 1319/1940–1, 1326/1947–8, 1332/1953–4./Istoriya Mas‘uda (1030–1041), transl. Arends, A. K.. Tashkent, 1962.
Funduq, Baihaqī i.. Ta'rīkh-i Baihaq, ed. Bahmanyār, Ahmad. Tehrān, 1317/1938–9./ Husayni, Kalimullah , “Life and Works of Zahiru'd-din al-Bayhaqi”, Islamic Culture, vol. 28/1 (1954), pp. 297–318; cf. ibid, vols. 33 (1959), pp. 188–202; 34 (1960), pp. 49–59 and 77–89.
Bakhtiyār-Nāma, ed. Dastgirdī, Vahīd (1310), ed. Bertel's, Y. E. (with Glossary). Leningrad, 1926./Idem, “Novaya Versiya”, Izvestiya Akad. Nauk, otdeleniye gumantarnikh nauk (1929), pp. 249–76. /Transl. Ouseley, W.. London, 1801; Larkhall, 1883; French, M. Lescallier. Paris, 1805; Azesbaijani, Fedai , ed. Baku, G. Mammeddi. , 1957./Th. Nöldeke, , “Über die Texte des Buches von den zehn Veziren [Bakht-yār-nāma], besonders über eine alte persische Rezension desselben.” Zeitschrift der deutschen morgenländischen Gesellschaft, vol. 45 (1891), pp. 97–143.
Baranī, (Barnī). Tā'rīkh-i Fīrūshāhī, ed. Khan, Saiyid Ahmad. Calcutta, 1862.
Bausani, A. I Persiani. Florence, 1962.
Bertel's, Y. E. Ocherk istorii persidskoi literatureï. Leningrad, 1928./Istoriya persidsko-tadshikskoi literatureï. Moscow, 1960.
Bīghamī, Maulānā Shaikh Hajjī Muhāmmad. Dārāb-Nāma, ed. Safā, Dh.. 2 vols. Tehrān, 1339, 1342.
Boyle, J. A.The Death of the Last ‘Abbāsid Caliph: a Contemporary Muslim Account.Jouranal of Semitic Studies, vol. VI, no. 2 (1961).
Browne, E. G. A Literary History of Persia, vol. II. London, 1906.
Fāryābī, Dhahīr al-Dīn. Dīvān, ed. by Mashhad, Taqī Bīnish , 1337/1958–9; ed. Radī, Hāshim. Tehrān, 1338/1959–60.
Ethé, Hermann. Neupersische Literatur. (Grundriss der iranischen Philologie, ed. Geiger, W. and Kuhn, E.. Vol. II.) Stuttgart, 1896–1904, pp. 212–368.
Falakī, Hadi Hasan , vol. I. Falakī-i Shirvānī, His time, life and works;, vol. II. Dīwān. London, 1929. See also Islamic Culture, 1950, April, pp. 77–107 and July, pp. 145–186; Researches in Persian literature. Hyderabad, 1958.
Gabrieli, Francesco. “Letteratura Persiana”, in Le Civilta dell'Oriente, vol. II, pp. 345–94. Rome, 1957.
Mustaufī, Hamd Allāh. Ta'rīkh-i-guzīda, facsimile, ed. Browne, E. G.. Leiden and London, 1910; abridged in English by Browne, E. G.. Indices by Nicholson, R. A.. Leiden and London, 1913./Târîkhè Gozîldè, ed. and transl. Gantin, J. , vol. I. Paris, 1903./Nuzhat al-qulūb, ed. Siyāqī, Muhāmmad Dabīr. Tehrān, 1336/1957–8; The Geographical Part, ed. and transl. le Strange, G.. Leiden and London, 1915 and 1919; The Zoological Section, ed. and transl. Stephenson, J.. London, 1928.
Hamgar, S. Nafīsī , Majd al-Dīn Hamgar-i Shīrāzi, reprinted from Mihr. 1314.
Hamīdī, . Maqāmāt, ed. Sayid, ‘Alī Akbar Abarqū'I I⊡;fahān, 1339/1960–1.
Hasan, Dihlavī. Dīvān. Hyderabad, 1933. Borah, M. I. , “The life and Work of Amir Hasan Dihlavi”, Journal and Proceedings of the As. Soc. Of Bengal, 1941/3, vol 7, pp. 1–59. / Salim, Muhāmmad , “Amir Najmuddin Hasan Sijzi”, Or. Coll. Mag. vol. 34, pts. 11–111 (1958), pp. 11–39.
Hasan, Ghaznavī. Dīvīn, ed. Mudarris Razavī, T.. Tehrān, 1328/1949–50.
Hekmat, Ali Asghar. Glimpses of Persian literature. Calcutta, 1956.
Humay-Nama, transl. Arberry, A. J.. London, 1963.
Ibn, al-Arabī. La sagesse des prophètes (Fuçû al-hikam), transl. Burckhardt, T.. Paris, 1955.
Ibn, al-Muqaffa‘, Sourdel, D. , “La biographie d'Ibn al-Muqaffa‘ d'après les sources anciennes”. Arabica, vol. 1/3 (1954), pp. 307–23.
Ibn-i, Yamīn. Dīvān, ed. Yāsimā, R.. Tehrān, 1317/1938–9; ed. S. Nafīsī. Tehrān, 1318/1939–40./100 short poems. The Persian Text with paraphrase by Rodwell, E. H.. London, 1993./Bruchstucke, transl. Ott, M. Schlechta-Wssehrd. Vienna, 1952.
Iraqi, . Kulliyyāt, ed. Nafīsī, S.. Tehrān, 3rd ed. 1339/1960–1./‘Ushshāq-Nāma, ed. and transl. Arberry, A. J.. London, 1939./ Ahuja, Y. D. , “Early years of Shaykh ‘Iraqi's Life”, Islamic Culture, vol. 30 (1956), pp. 95–105; /Idem, “‘Iraqi in India”, ibid. vol. 32 (1958), pp. 57–70. /Idem, “Shaykh ‘Iraqi's travels and his stay in Rum”, ibid. vol. 33 (1959), pp. 260–77.
Jalāl, al-Dīn Rūmī (Maulavī). The Mathnavī, ed. Nicholson, R. A.. 8 vols. London, 1925–40./Kulliyyāt-i masnavī-i ma‘navī, ed. Darvīsh, M.. Tehrān, 1341./Tales of mystic meaning transl. Nicholson, R. A.. London, 1931./ Arberry, A. J. , Tales from the Masnavi. London, 1961./ Nicholson, R. A. , Selections (from the Masnavī, Dīvān and Fīhi mā fīh), ed. Arberry, A. J.. London, 1950./ Ritter, H. , “Das Proömium des Matnawï-i Maulawi”, Z.D.M.G., vol. 93 (1939), pp. 169–96./ Kulliyyāt-i Shams yā Dīvān-i Kabīr, ed. Badī‘, al-Zamān Furüzänfar , 6 vols. Tehrān, 1336–40./Selected Poems from the Dīvāni Shamsi Tabrīz, ed. and transl. Nicholson, R. A.. Cambridge, 1898, 1952./The Rubā‘īyāt. Select translations into English verse by A. J. Arberry. London, 1949./Maktūbāt, ed. Yūsuf, Jamshīdīpūr and Amīn, Gh.-H. , 1337/1958–9./“Fīhi mā fīhi. The Table-tale of Jalālu'd&Dīn Rūmī”, Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society., 1929; ed. Badi‘ al-Zamān Furūzānfar. Tehrān, 1330/1951–2; ed. “Shirkat-i sihāmī”, Tehrān, 1339/1960–1./Discourses of Rumi, tr. Arberry, A. J.. London, 1961./ Nicholson, R. A. , Rûmî, Poet and Mystic. London, 1950./ Afzal, Iqbal , The Life and Thought of Rumi. Lahore, 1956./ Gölpinarli, A. , Mevlânâ Celâleddîn 3rd ed. Istanbul, 1959./Idem. “Mawlānā Sams-i Tabrīzī ile altmiş iki yaşinad bulundu”, Türkiyat Mecmuasi, vol. 3 (1959), pp. 156–61./ Richter, G. , Persiens Mystiker Dschelāl-Eddīn Rūmī, eine Stildeutung. Breslau, 1933./ Ritter, H. , “Philologika XI Maulānā Dschalāladdīn Rūmī und sein Kreis”, Der Islam, vol. 26(1942), pp. 116–58, 221–49./Idem, “Neue Literatur”, Oriens, vols. 13–14 (1960), pp. 342 ff./Idem, “Die Mewlānāfeier in Kouya, vol. 11–17 December 1960/Oriens, vol. 15 (1962), pp. 248–76./Idem, “Der Reigen der Tanzen-den Derwische”, Zeitschrift f vergleich. Musikwissenschaft, vol. 1 (1933), pp. 28–40 and 5–23./ Schimmel, A.-M. , Die Bildersprache Dschelâladdīn Rûmîs. Walldorf Hessen, 1949./Yād-nāma-yi Maulavī, ed. ‘Alī Akbar, Mushīr Salīmī. Kumīsyūn-i, millī-i Yūneskō. Tehrān, 1337/1958–9.
Jamāl al-Dīn, I⊡fahānī. Dīvān, ed. Vahīd, Dastgirdī. Tehrān, 1320/1941–2.
Jarbādhqānī Abu'l-Sharaf, Nā⊡ih. Tarjuma-i ta'rīkh-i Yamīnī. Lith. Tehrān, 1272/1856./The Kitab-i Yamini, historical memoirs of the Amīr Sabaktagīn, and Sultān Mahmūd of Ghazna, transl. from the Persian version of the contemporary Arabic chronicle of Al Utbi by the Rev. Reynolds, J.. London, 1858.
Juvainī, . Ta'rīkh-i Jahān-Gushdi, ed. Mīrzā, Muhāmmad Qazvīnī. 3 vols. London, 1912, 1916, 1937;/The History of the World-Conqueror, transl. Boyle, J. A.. 2 vols. Manchester, 1958.
Kamāl al-Din, Ismā‘īl. Kullīyāt. Bombay, 1307/1899, etc./The Hundred Love Songs, transl. Gray, L. H. and done into English verse by Mumford, Ethel W.. London, 1903.
Khāqānī, . Dīvān-i Hassān al-‘Ajam, ed. ‘Alī, ‘Abd al-Rasūlī. Tehrān, 1316/1937–8; Dīvān-i Khaqānī-i Shirānī, ed. “ Amīr, Kabīr ”, Tehrān, 1336; ed. Żiyā' al-Din, Sajjādī. Tehrān, 1338./Tuhfat al ‘Irāqain, ed. Yahyā, Qarīb. Tehrān, 1333, with commentary by Ismail, Khan Abjadi , Madras Univ., 1940./ Khanikoff, N. , “Mémoire sur Khâcâni, poéte Persan du XII siècle”, Journal Asiatique, 1864–5/4, pp. 137–200; vol. 5, pp. 296–367./ Minorsky, V. , “Khāqānī and Andronicus Comnenus”, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, vol. 11 (1945), pp. 550–78./ Vil'chevskiy, O. L. , “Khakani. Nekotoriye chertī tvorchestva i mirovozreniya poeta”, Sovetskoye vostokovedeniye, (1957/4), pp. 62–76./Idem, “Khronogrami Khakani”, Epigrafika vostoka, vol. 13 (1960), pp. 59–68./‘Alī Dashtī, Shā‘irī dīr-āshnā. Tehrān, 1341./ Rypka, J. , “Khākāni-ī Shirvānī”, Nashriyya-yi Dānishkada-yi Adabiyyāt-I Tabrīz (Journal of the Tabriz Faculty of Arts). vol. 15/1 (1342/1962–3), pp. 101–11.
Khusrau, Dihlavī. Kulliyyāt-i Anā⊡ir-i Davāvīn. (4 dīvāns.) Cawnpore, 1871, 1334/1916;/(Odes 1–60). The text with an introduction, literal translation and notes. By Koreishi, A. O.. Bombay, 1316/1901./The Nuh Sipihr. An Historical Mathnavī on the Reign of Mubārak-Shāh, ed. Muhāmmad, Wahid Mīrzā. Oxford-Calcutta, 1949./Qirān al-Sa‘dain, ed. by Barnī, S. Hasan. ‘Alīgarh, 1918./“ Miftah, al-Futuh ”, ed. Yāsīn Niyāzī, . Orient. Coll. Mag. vols, XII–XIII, 1936–7./Duwal-Rānī va Khizr Khān(= ‘Ashīqa, ‘Ishqīya), ed. Rashīd, Ahmad. ‘Alīgarh, 1336/1917,/Tughlaq-nāma, ed. Hāshimi Farīdābādī, S.. Awrangabad, , 1352/1933./ Matla‘, . al-Anvār. With commentary by Muhāmmad, Akram Multānī. Delhi, 1293/1876./Shīrīn u Khusrau, ed. Yur, . Aliyev, . Moscow, 1961./Majnūn Laylī, ed. Muhāmmad, Habīb al-Rahmān-Khān. ‘Alīgarh, 1335/1917./Hasht Bihisht, ed. by Muhāmmad Sulaimān Ashraf. ‘Alīgarh, , 1336/1918./I‘jāz (parts 1–2 only). Lucknow, 1876; Cawnpore, 1877./Khazā'in al-Futūh al-Futūh, ed. Muhāmmad, Wahid Mīrzā. Calcutta, 1950./ Mohāmmad, Wahid Mirza , The life and works of Amir Khusrau. Calcutta, 1935.
Kirmānī, Khwājū. Dīvān, ed. Khwānsārī, Ahm. Suhailī. Tehrān, 1336/1955–6. Raudat al–Anwār, ed. Kirmānī, Kūhī. Tehrān, 1308/1929–30/Sām-Nāma, ed. Nafīsī, S.. 2 vols. Bombay, 1319–20/1940–2./ Nafīsī, S. , Ahvāl va Muntakhab-i Ash‘dr–i Khwājū-yi Kirmānī. Tehrān, 1307/1928–9.
Levy, R. Persian Literature. An Introduction. London, 1923.
Mahjūb, Muhāmmad Ja‘far. “Mathnavī-sarā'ī dar zabān-i Fārsī tā pāyan–i qarn-i panjun-i hijrī.” I. Nashriyya-yi Dānishkada-yi Adabiyyāt-I Tabrīz. vol. 15 (1342/1962–3), pp. 183–213, 261–85.
Shabistarī, Mahmūd. Gulshan i Raz: the Mystic Rose Garden, ed. and transl. Whinfield, E. H.. London, 1880./Mir'at al-Muhaqqiqin. Shīrāz, 1317.
Massé, H. Anthologie persane. (XIe-XIXe siècles.) Paris, 1950.
Meier, Fritz. Die schöne Mahsatī. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte des persischen Vierzeilers, vol. I. Wiesbaden, 1963.
Jūzjānī, Minhāj. Tabaqāt-i Nā⊡irī, vol. XI. XVII-XXIII, ed. Lees, W. N.Captain, Hosain, Khadim and ‘Abd al-Hai, . Calcutta, 1864; ed. ‘Abd al-Hai, Qandahārī, Habībī. 1949./A general history of the Muhammadan Dynasties, transl. Raverty, H. G.Major. London-Calcutta, 1881, 1897.
al-Munavvar, Muhāmmad b.. Asrār al-Tauhīd fī Maqāmāt al-Shaikh Abī, ed. Safā, Zānīh Allāh. Tehrān, 1332/1953–4.
Murtadażavi, M.Muqallidīn-i Shāh-Nāma dar Daura-yi Mughūl va Tīmūrīva Ta'rich-i Manzūm-i Shams al-Dīn Kāshānī”. Nashriyya-yi Dānishkada-yi Adabiyyāt-I Tabrīz (Journal of the Tabriz Faculty of Arts. vol. 14/2–3 (1341/1962–3), pp. 141–75, 325–52./Tahqīq dar bāre-i Īkhānān-i Īrān. Tabriz, 1341/1962–3.
Najm al-Dīn Dāya, . Mir⊡ād al-ibād, ed. Husain al-Husainī al-Ni‘mat-allāhi, . Tehrān, 1312/1933.
Nakhshabī, (Qādirī). The Tooti Namah, or Tales of a Parrot, ed. and transl. [ Gladwin, F. ]. London, 1801/Das persische Papageienbuch, transl. Iken, C. J. L.. Berlin, 1905./Touti-Nameh ou les Contes du Perroquet, transl. Muller, Henri. Paris, 1934.
Na⊡īr al-Tusi, . Akhlāq&-i Nā⊡irī, ed. Humā'ī, Jalāl. Tehrān, 1320/1941-2; = Akhlāq-i Muhtashamī, ed. Dānishpuzhūh, Muhammad Taqī. Tehrān, 1960./Muqaddima, ed. Humā'ī, Jalāl. Tehrān, 1320/1941–2./The Nasirean Ethics, transl. Wickens, G. M.. London, 1964./Au⊡āf al-ashrāf ed. Taqavi, Na⊡r Allāh. Tehrān, 1306/1927–8./Marlūbu al-mu'minīn, ed. Ivanow, W.. Bombay, 1933./The Raudatu't-tasltm (Ta⊡awurat), ed. and transl. Ivanow, W.. Leiden, 1950./Zīj-i Īlkhānī, ed. Greaves, J.. London, 1650./ Minovi, M. and Minorsky, V. , “Nasir al-Dīn Tūsī on Finance”. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies. vol. 10/3 (1941), pp. 755–89./“The Longer Introduction to the Zīj-i-Īlkhānī of Na⊡īr-al-Dīn Tūsī”, by Boyle, J. A.. Journal of Semitic Studies vol. VIII, no. 2 (1963)./Biographie. Congrès commémoratif (1335/1956) du 7éme centenaire de la mort. Tehrān (n.d.). (On this occasion the University of Tehrān published a number of his writings.)
Allāh, Na⊡r. Kitāb-i Kalīla u Dimna, ed. ‘Abd Allāh Qarīb, . 4th ed. Tehran, 1319/1940; ed. Āmulī, Hasanzāda. Tehrān, 1341/1961–2./Ed. Minovī, M.. Tehran, 1343/1964./ Husain Vā‘iz Kāshifī, . Anvār-i Suhailī.
Nizāmī, . Kulliyyāt-i Khamsa Tehrān, 1341/1962–3./Makhzan al-asrār, ed. Dastgirdī, Vahīd. Tehrān, 1313/1936–7; ed. Alizade, A. A.. Baku, 1960./The Treasury of Mysteries, transl. with introd. essay on the life and times of Nezāmī by Dārāb, G. H.. London, 1945./Khusrau u Shīrīn, ed. Dastgirdī, Vahīd. Tehrān, 1313/1934–5; ed. Khetagurov, L. A.. Baku, 1960./ Duda, H. W. , Farhād und Schīrīn Prague, 1933./Lailī u Majnūn, ed. Dastgirdī, Vahīd. Tehrān, 1313./Leila und Madschnun, transl. Zürich, R. Gelpke , 1963./Haft Paikar, ed. Dastgirdī, Vahīd. Tehrīn, 1315/1936–7./Heft Peiker, ed. Ritter, H. and Rypka, J.. Prague, 1934./The Haft Paikar (The Seven Beauties), transl. Wilson, C. E.. 2 VOLS. London, 1924./Die sieben Geschichten der siehen Prinzessinnen, trans. Zürich, R. Gelpke , 1959./Sharaf-Nāma, ed. Dastgirdī, Vahīd. Tehrān, 1316/1937–8; ed. Alizade, A. A.. Baku, 1947./The Sikandar Nāmae, Barā, transl. Clarke, H. Wilberforce. London, 1881/Iskanders Warāgerfeldzug…, transl. Glückstadt, Jacob , 1934./Iqbāl-Nāma, ed. by Dastgirdī, Vahīd. Tehrān, 1317/1938–9; ed. Babayev, F.. Baku, 1947./Dīvān, ed. Tabātabā'ī, M.. 1333/1954–5./Dīvān–Qa⊡ā'id va Ghazaliyyāt, ed. Nafīsī, S.. Tehrān, 1338/1959–60./Lirika, ed. Bertel's, Y. E. and Lipskerov, K. A.. Moscow, 1947./Idem, “Navoji i Nizami”. Sbornik Alisher Navoi Moscow–Leningrad, 1946, pp. 68–91./ Ritter, H. , Über die Bildersprache Nizamis Berlin–Leipzig, 1927.
‘Arūdī, Nizāmī. Chahár Maqála, ed. Qazvīnī, Muhāmmad. London, 1910; rev. ed. by Mu‘īn, Muhāmmad. Tehrān, 1341/1962–3; rev. transl. Browne, E.G.. London, 1921.
Nizārī, . “Dastūr–Nāme”, ed. and transl. Bertel's, Y. E.. Vostochnīi sbornik, VOL. I, pp. 37–104.
Khurandīzī Nasavī, Nūr al-Dīn Muhāmmad. Nafthat al–ma⊡dūr, ed. Hidāyat. Lith., Ridā–Qulī–Khan , 1308/1890.
Pagliaro, A. and Bausani, A. Storia della letteraturapersiana Milan, 1960.
Pizzi, I. Storia della poesia persiana 2 VOLS. Turin, 1894.
Qatrān, . Dīvān, ed. Nakhjavānī, Muhammad. 2nd ed. Tabriz, 1335.
Fadl Allāh, Rashīd al-Dīn. Jāmi‘ al-tawārīkh, ed. et trad. Quatremère, E.. Vol. I (Hülegü). Paris, 1836; Tome II. ed. Blochet, E.. London, 1911./Geschichte Ġāzān-Hāns aus dem Ta'rīh-i mubārak-i Ġāzānī, ed. Jahn, Karl. London, 1940./Ta'rīh-i mubārak-i-Ġāzānī (Abāġā-Gaihātū), ed. Jahn, Karl. Prague, 1941./Qismat-i Ismā‘īliyyān u Fā⃛imiyyān u Nizāriyyān u Dā‘iyān u Rafīqān, ed. Taqī-Dānish-puzhūh, Muhāmmad and Zanjānī, Muhammad Mudarrisī. Tehrān, 1338/1959–60./Sbornik letopisei, VOL. I/I, by Khetegurov, L. A.. Leningrad–Moscow, 1952; I/2, by Smirnova, O.I. : ibid 1952; II. ibid, 1960; III. by Arends, A. K.. 1946./III. Jami-ät-tävarikh, ed. Alizade, A. A. , transl. Arends, A. K. (= Leningrad, 1946). Baku, 1957./Histoire Universelle I. Histoire des Francs, ed. and transl. Jahn, K.. Leiden, 1951./Mukātabāt-i Rashīdī, ed. Shafi‘, Muhāmmad. Lahore, 1947./ Blochet, E. , Introduction à l'histoire des Mongols par Fadl Allah Rachid al-Din London, 1910./ Murtadavī, M. , “Jāmi‘ al-tavārīkh va mu'allif-i vāqi‘ī-i ān”. Nashriyya-Yi DĀNishkada-Yi AdabiyyĀT-I TabrĪZ (Journal Of The Tabriz Faculty Of Arts) VOL. 13 (1340), pp. 31–9, 311–50, 516–26.
al-Dīn Va⃛vā⃛, Rashīd. Dīvān, ed. Nafīsī, S. Tehrān, 1339/1960–1./Hadā'iq al-shi‘r, ed. Iqbāl, ‘Abbās. Tehrān, 1308/1929–30, ed. Nafīsī, S.. Tehrān, 1339/1960–1./Alis hundert Sprüche, ed. and transl. Fleischer, H.L.. Leipzig, 1837. /Nāmahā, ed. Tūisarkānī, Qāsim. Tehrān, 1339/1960–1.
Rāvandī, Najm al-Dīn Muhāmmad. Ráhat as-Sudúr va Áyat as-Surúr, ed. Iqbāl, Muhāmmad. London, 1921; rev. ed. by Minovi, M.. Tehrān, 1333/1954–5.
Ritter, H. “Philologika VII, IX–XI Der Islam, XIV–XVI”, Oriens, Vols. 21/1933, 24/1937, 25/1939 and 26/1942.
Rypka, Jan. Iranische Literaturgeschichte. Ot. Klíma, Unter Mitarbeit v., Kubíčkovā, V., Bečka, J., Cejpek, J., Hrbek, I.. Leipzig, 1959./History of Iranian literature. Written in collaboration with Klíma, O., Kubíčkovā, V., Tauer, F., Becka, J., Cejpek, J., Marek, J., Hrbek, I. and de Bruyn, J. T. P.. Under the supervision of Jahn, K.. Dordrecht, 1968.
Varāvīnī, Sa‘d al-Dīn. The Marzubān-nāma, ed. by Qazvīn, Mīrzā Muhāmmad. London, 1909./The Tales of Marzuban, transl. Levy, R.. London, 1959./ Francesco, Gabrieli , “II settimo capitolo del Marzbān-Nāmeh”, Rivista degli studi orient, Vol. 19 (1940), pp. 235–60.
Sadaqa, (Farāmurz Khudādād). Kitāb-i Samak-i ‘Ayyār, ed. Khanlari, P. N.. Tehrān. Vol. 1. 1339/1960–1, Vol. II, 1345/1966–7.
Sa‘dī, . Kulliyyāt, ed. Furūghī, Muhāmmad-‘Alī. Tehrān, 1337, 1338, 1340./Matn-i Kāmil-i Dīvān u Būstān u Gulistān (based on Furūghī), ed. Mu⊡affā, M.. Tehrān, 1340/1961–2./Būstān, ed. Furūghī, . Tehrān, 1316/1937–8./Gulistān, ed. [Qarib] Garakānī, Abd al-Azīm. Tehrān, 1310; ed. Furūghī, . Tehrān, 1316/1937–8; ed. and transl. Aliyev, R. M.. Moscow, 1959; ed. Nafīsī, S.. Tehrān, 1341/1962–3; ed. Mashkūr, M. J.. Tehrān, 1342/1963–4./Stories from the Bustān, together with selections from Francis Gladwin's translation of Gulistān …, by Levy, R.. London, 1928./Kings and Beggars. The first two chapters of Sa‘di's Gulistan, transl. Arberry, A. J.. London, 1945./Taiyibāt, ed. King, L.W.. Calcutta, 1919–21; transl. King, L. W.. London, 1926./Badā, i‘, ed. and transl. King, L. W.. Berlin, 1304/1925./Pand-Nāma: Sadi's Scroll of Wisdom. Persian and English text, transl. Wollaston, A. N.. London, 1906./ Massé, H. , Essai sur le poète Saadi, suivi d'une bibliographie. Paris, 1919./ Nafīsī, S. , “Ta'rich-i durust-i Dargudhasht-i Sa‘dī”, M.D.A.Te, Vol. 6/1 (1337), pp. 64–82.
Safā, Dhabīh Allāh. Ta'rīkh-i adabiyyāt dar Irān. II (middle 5 th/IIth–beginning 7th/12th century). Tehrān, 1336./Hamāsa-sarā'i dar Irān. Tehrān, 1324; pt. 2. 1336./GanJ-i sukhan. 3 Vols. Tehrān.
Sāvajī, Salmān. Kulliyyāt-i Ash‘ār, ed. Yāsimī, R.. Tehrān, 1337/1958–9./Dīvān, ed. Mushfiq, Man⊡ūr. Tehrān, 1337/1958–9./ Yasimi, R. , Salmān-i Sāvajī. Tehrān, n.d.
Sanā'i, . hadīqat al-haqīqa, ed. Radavi, Mudarris. Tehrān, 1329./The first book of the “Hadīqat al-Haqiqa”; or, The enclosed Garden of the Truth, ed. and transl. Stephenson, J.. Calcutta, 1911./Sair al‘Ibād ilā al-Ma‘ād, ed. Nafīsī, S.. Tehrān, 1316./Dīvān, ed. Mudarris Radavī, Muhammad Taqī. Tehrān, 1320/1941–2, 1341/1962–3; ed. by Mu⊡affā, Mazāhir , Tehrān, 1336/1957–8/ Nicholson, R. A. , A Persian forerunner of Dante. Towynon-Sea, 1944./ Ritter, ;H. , “Philol. VIII. Ansārī Herewī-Senā'i Ġaznewī”, Der Islam, vol. 22 (1935), pp. 89–105./ Ritter, H. , “Philog. XV. ‘Attār III, 7. Der Diwan”, Oriens, vol. 12/1–2 (1959), pp. 1–88.
Shams, al-Din Qais. Al-Mu‘jam fi Ma‘āyir Ash‘ār al-‘ Ajam, ed. Mīrzā Muhāmmad of Qazwīn. London, 1908.
Shiblī, Nu‘mānī. Shi‘r al-‘Ajam. In Urdu: Lahore, vols, I–V, 1924
Storey, C. A. Persian Literature. A bio-bibliographical survey. In progress. London, 1927–.
Suhravardī, Maqtūl. Mu‘nis al-‘Ushshāq. The Lovers‘ Friend, ed. Spies, O.. Stuttgart, 1934; transl. Spies, O. and Khatak, S. K.. Muslim Univ. Journal, ‘ Alīgarh, vol. 3/1(1936). /Three Treatises on Mysticism, ed. and transl. Spies, O. and Khatak, S. K.. Stuttgart, 1935./“Le bruissement de l'aile de Gabriel”, ed. and transl. Corbin, H. and Kraus, P.. Journal Asiatique, vol. 227 (1935), pp. 1–82. /Opera metaphysica et mystics, ed. Corbin, H. ; 1. Istanbul, 1945, 11. Tehrān–Paris, 1952./ Corbin, H. , Suhrawardî, fondateur de la doctrine illuminative (ishrâqî). Paris, 1938./Idem, Les motifs zoroastriens dans la philosophie de Sohrawardi. Tehrān, 1946.
Sultān, Valad. Valad-Nāma, ed. Humā'I. Tehrān, Jalāl , 1315–16/1936–8./Dīvān, ed. Kilisli, R. Bilge. İstanbul, 1941; ed. Asghar Rabbānī. Tehrān, 1338/1959–60.
Sūzanī, . Dīvān, ed. Nāsir, al-Dīn-Shāh Husainī. Tehrān, 1338/1959–60.
Tanūkhī, . Faraj ba‘d al–shidda, ed. Mudīr, M.. Tehrān, 1333/1954–5./Alfred Wiener: “Die Farag ba‘d aš-Šidda-Literatur von Madā‘inī (gest. 225 H.) bis Tanūhī (gest. 384 H.)”, Der Islam, vol. 4 (1913), pp. 270–98, 987–430 / Gabrieli, Fr. , “II valore letterario e storico del Farag ba‘da š-šidda di Tanūhī”, Rivista degli studi orientali, vol. 19 (1940), pp. 17–44.
Vassāf, . Tajziyat al-amsār va tazjiyat al-a‘ sār, in various lithographs. /Geschichte Wassaf‘s, vol. 1 (all published) ed. and transl. von Hammer-Purgstall, J.. Vienna, 1856.
Nīshāpūrī, Zahīr al-Dīn. see Nīshāpūrī, Zahīr al-Dīn.
Nīshāpūrī, Zahīr al-Dīn (d. c. 582/1186). Saljūq-nāma, ed. Ismā‘īl, Afshār. Tehrān, 1332/1953–4.
Zahīrī, . Sindbād-Nāma, ed. Ateş, A.. İstanbul, 1949; ed. ‘All Qavīm. Tehrān, 1333/1954–5. /The Book of Sindibād.… from the Persian and Arabic, by W. H. Clouston. [Glasgow] 1884./Transl. M.-N. Osmanov. Moscow, 1960./ Perry, B. E. , “The origin of the Book of Sindbad”, Fabula. Berlin, 1960.
Pope, A. U. , A Survey of Persian Art, 6 vols. (Oxford, 1939) Ars Islamica, 16 vols. (1934–51); Ars Orientalis, 6 vols. to date (1953–66); Âthâr-é Iran, 4 vols, (1936–49).
Pope, A. U. , Persian Architecture (New York, 1965) and Hill, D. and Grabar, O. , Islamic Architecture and its Decoration, 2nd ed. (London, 1967).
Gray, B. , Persian Paintin (Geneva, 1961), Grube, E. J. , Muslim Miniature Paintings (Venice, 1962). and Robinson, B. W. , Persian Miniature Painting (London, 1967).
Wilkinson, Charles K. , Iranian Ceramics (New York, 1963) and Barrett, D. , Islamic Metalwork in the British Museum (London, 1949).
al-Bīrūnī, . Al-Qānūn al-Mas‘ūdī. Hyderabad-Dn., 1954.
Amir-Moez, A. R. Scripta Mathematica, vol. XXVI, pp. 323–37.
Boyer, Carl B. The Rainbow from Myth to Mathematics. New York and London, 1959.
Braunmühl, A. von. Vorlesungen über Geschichte der Trigonometrie, vol. 1. Leipzig, 1900.
Caratheodory, A. (ed.). Traité du quadrilatère, attrib. à Nassirud-din el-Toussy. Istanbul, 1891.
Haddad, Fuad I. and Kennedy, E. S.. “Geographical tables of Medieval Islam.”
Hamadanizadeh, Javad. “A medieval interpolation scheme for oblique ascensions.” Centaurus, vol. IX(1963), pp. 257–65.
Hartner, W. “The astronomical instruments of Cha-ma-lu-ting.” Isis, vol. XLI(1956), pp. 184–94.
Juschkewitsch, A. P. and Rosenfeld, B. A.. Die Mathematik der Länder des Ostens in Mitterlalter. Berlin, 1960.
Kamal, al-Dīn. Kitāb tanqīh al-Manāzīr …, 2 Vols. Hyderabad-Dn., 1347, 8 A.H.
Kasir, D. S. The Algebra of Omar Khayyam. New York, 1931.
Kennedy, E. S. “A survey of Islamic astronomical tables.” Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. n.s. vol. XLVI (1956), pt. 2.
Kennedy, E. S. “The Chinese–Uighur calendar as described in the Islamic sources.” Isis, vol. LV (1964), pp. 435–43.
Kennedy, E. S. and Hamadanizadeh, J. , “Applied mathematics in eleventh-century Iran.” The Mathematics Teacher.
Khanikoff, N. “Book of the Balance of Wisdom.” J.A.O.S. (1860), pp. 1–128.
Luckey, Paul. “Zur Entstehung der Kugeldreieckspechnung.” Deutsch Mathematik, vol. V (1941), pp. 405–46.
Needham, Joseph. Science and Civilization in China, vol. III. Cambridge, 1959.
Neugebauer, O. “The transmission of Planetary Theories in Ancient and Medieval Astronomy.” Scripta Mathematica, vol. XXII (1956), pp. 165–92.
Neugebauer, O. The Exact Sciences in Antiquity, 2nd ed. Providence, R.I., 1957.
Neugebauer, O. “Studies in Byzantine Astronomical Terminology.” Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. vol. L (1960), pt. 2, p. 28.
Pingree, D. “Astronomy and astrology in India and Iran.” Isis, vol. LIV (1963), pp. 229–46.
Pingree, D. “Gregory Chioniades and Palaeologan astronomy.” Dumbarton Oaks Papers, pp. 152–82.
Plooij, E. B. Euclid's Conception of Ratio. Rotterdam, 1950.
Raeder, H., Stromgren, E. and Stromgren, B. (ed.). Tycho Brahe's Description of His Instruments. Copenhagen, 1946.
Rosenfeld, B. A. and Yushkevich, A. P.. Omar Xaiiām, Traktatï. Moscow, 1961.
Sayili, Aydin. The Observatory in Islam. Ankara, 1960.
Seemann, H. J. “Die Instrumente der Sterawarte zu Maragha …” Sitzungsberichte der physikalisch-medizinischen Sozietät zu Erlangen, vol. LX (1928), pp. 15–126.
Smith, D. E. “Euclid, Omar Khayyam and Saccheri.” Scripta Mathematica (1935).
Wiedemann, Eilhard. “ Uber die Brechung des Lichtes in Kugeln …” Sitzungsberichte der physikalisch-medizinische Sozietät zu Erlangen, vol. XLII (1910), pp. 15–58.
Wiedemann, Eilhard. “Zur Optik von Kamäl al-Din.” Archiv für die Gesch. der Naturwissenschaften …, vol. III (1910–12), pp. 161–77.
Wiedemann, Eilhard. et al. Sitzungsberichte der physikalisch-medizinischen Sozietät zu Erlangen, vol. XL (1908), 133–59.
Woepcke, F. L' Algebre d'Omar Alkhayyāmi. Paris, 1851.