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The Informal Economy in Developing Nations
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    Casanova, Lourdes Cornelius, Peter Klaus and Dutta, Soumitra 2018. Financing Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Emerging Markets. p. 31.

    Sharma, Gautam and Kumar, Hemant 2018. Intellectual property rights and informal sector innovations: Exploring grassroots innovations in India. The Journal of World Intellectual Property,

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    The Informal Economy in Developing Nations
    • Online ISBN: 9781316662076
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Book description

The informal economy represents a significant share of output and employment in many developing countries. Yet little is known about this hidden engine of innovation. This pioneering study addresses some crucial questions, including: what is the role of the informal sector in economic development? How does innovation occur in the informal economy? How does it spread, who are the key actors and what impacts does it have? How do inventors and entrepreneurs in the informal economy reap benefits from their innovations? What stops informal sector innovation from scaling up? How can informal sector innovation in developing countries be measured? And what policies might support informal sector innovation and improve its impacts? This book will stimulate further work on this crucial but under-researched subject. As well as rich empirical evidence from several groundbreaking studies, it includes conceptual and methodological tools and policy recommendations to help researchers and policy-makers understand innovation in the informal economy.


'This book is timely and important. Developing countries need to build development strategies and design public policies on the basis of what they have.'

Bengt-Åke Lundvall - Aalborg University, Denmark and Secretary General, Globelics

'This book encourages policy makers to better enable innovation in the informal sector. It is a meaningful contribution to the development of the South Africa’s national strategic framework on Innovation for Inclusive Development.'

Nonhlanhla Mkhize - Department of Science and Technology, South Africa

'This book will contribute to making innovation statistics and measurement work of the African Observatory for Science, Technology and Innovation more relevant to the African community.'

Philippe Mawoko - Director of African Observatory of Science, Technology and Innovation

'Mainstream innovation and intellectual property debates have, for the most part, ignored what is commonly referred to as the 'informal' economy. This book aims to redress this deficit.'

Shamnad Basheer - Honorary Research Chair of IP Law at Nirma University, India and Founder of SpicyIP (

'This book’s strong point is its emphasis on better measurement and evidence as essential pre-requisites to improved policy-making.'

Mark Dutz - Lead Economist, Trade and Competitiveness, The World Bank Group

'Innovation may seem like a luxury; something countries can afford only once they have transcended issues of survival. But this attitude is outdated. Innovation can provide fundamental solutions to low-income countries and this book underlines this potential.'

Xiaolan Fu - Founding Director of the Technology and Management Centre for Development, University of Oxford

'The divorce between informal endeavors and prevailing knowledge production practices developed in this book is immediately recognizable for all developing countries.'

Judith Sutz - Universidad de la República, Uruguay and formerly Secretary of Science, Technology and Development, Latin American Commission of Social Sciences

'The democratisation of innovation, a wider participation of individuals and small firms in innovation, is a key factor for more inclusive growth. Considering the informal sector is critical in this regard, making this book an important contribution to this policy agenda.'

Dominique Guellec and Caroline Paunov - Head of Division and Senior Economist, Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

'The authors have managed to put into perspective the hitherto hidden and unexplored contribution of the informal sector to Kenya’s modern economy and its industrialization process.'

Joseph K. Kiplagat - Ministry of Industrialization and Enterprise Development, Kenya

'The Informal Economy in Developing Nations does an admirable job of detailing current thinking and mapping out the way forward in this area. Readers interested in broadening their understanding of innovation, ways to appropriate the returns to innovation with frugal resources, and potential policy support solutions will find the book useful. … the book is commendable for drawing from a geographically diverse group of contributors.'

Nicola Searle Source: IPKat (

‘This book is part of Cambridge University Press and WIPO’s Intellectual Property, Innovation and Economic Development series. […] One commentator on the book has commended its contribution to innovation statistics and measurement work in Africa. It will be of great assistance for policy-makers building development strategies in countries where the informal economy plays an important role.’

Michael Blakeney Source: European Intellectual Property Review

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