Skip to main content
×
Home
Tokens of Power
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Recommend this book

    Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

    Tokens of Power
    • Online ISBN: 9781316796290
    • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781316796290
    Please enter your name
    Please enter a valid email address
    Who would you like to send this to? *
    ×
  • Buy the print book

Book description

War presents a curious paradox. Interstate war is arguably the most carefully planned endeavor by states, yet military history is filled with disasters and blunders of monumental proportions. These anomalies happen because most military history presumes that states are pursuing optimal strategies in a competitive environment. This book offers an alternative narrative in which the pillars of military planning - evaluations of power, strategy, and interests - are theorized as social constructions rather than simple material realities. States may be fighting wars primarily to gain or maintain power, yet in any given historical era such pursuits serve only to propel competition; they do not ensure military success in subsequent generations. Allowing states to embark on hapless military ventures is fraught with risks, while the rewards are few.

    • Aa
    • Aa
Refine List
Actions for selected content:
Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive
  • Send content to

    To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to .

    To send content to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

    Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

    Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

    Please be advised that item(s) you selected are not available.
    You are about to send:
    ×

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
×

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.


Graham T. Allison and Morton H. Halperin . “Bureaucratic Politics: A Paradigm and Some Policy Implications.” World Politics 24 (1972): 40–79.

Deborah Avant . “From Mercenary to Citizen Armies: Explaining Change in the Practice of War.” International Organization 54 (2000): 41–72.

Deborah Avant . “Political Institutions and Military Effectiveness: Contemporary United States and United Kingdom.” In Creating Military Power: The Sources of Military Effectiveness, edited by Risa A. Brooks and Elizabeth A. Stanley , 80–105. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2007.

Colin J. Beck The World-Cultural Origins of Revolutionary Waves: Five Centuries of European Contention.” Social Science History 35.2 (2011): 167–207.

Christoph Bluth . Britain, Germany, and Western Nuclear Strategy. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1995.

John Boli and George M. Thomas . “World Culture in the World Polity: A Century of International Non-Governmental Organization.” American Sociological Review 62 (1997): 171–190.

Elizabeth H. Boyle , Minzee Kim , and Wesley Longhofer . “Abortion Liberalization in World Society, 1960–2009.” American Journal of Sociology, 121 (2015): 882–913.

Elizabeth Heger Boyle , and Sharon E. Preves . “National Politics as International Process: The Case of Anti-Female-Genital-Cutting Laws.” Law & Society Review 34 (2000): 703–737.

Bernard Brodie . Strategy in the Missile Age. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1959.

Risa A. Brooks Introduction: The Impact of Culture, Society, Institutions, and International Forces on Military Effectiveness.” In Creating Military Power: The Sources of Military Effectiveness, edited by Risa A. Brooks and Elizabeth A. Stanley , 1–26. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2007.

Risa A. Brooks and Elizabeth A. Stanley , (Eds.) Creating Military Power: The Sources of Military Effectiveness. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2007.

Eric Dorn Brose . The Kaiser's Army: The Politics of Military Technology in Germany during the Machine Age, 1870–1918. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Bruce G. Carruthers and Wendy Nelson Espeland . “Accounting for Rationality: Double-Entry Bookkeeping and the Rhetoric of Economic Rationality.” American Journal of Sociology 97 (1991): 31–69.

Daniel Chirot and Thomas D. Hall . “World-System Theory.” Annual Review of Sociology 8 (1982): 81–106.

Wade M. Cole Sovereignty Relinquished? Explaining Commitment to the International Human Rights Covenants, 1966–1999.” American Sociological Review 70 (2005): 472–495.

Wade M. Cole Human Rights as Myth and Ceremony? Reevaluating the Effectiveness of Human Rights Treaties, 1981–2007.” American Journal of Sociology 117 (2012): 1131–1171.

Wade M. Cole and Francisco O. Ramirez . “Conditional Decoupling: Assessing the Impact of National Human Rights Institutions, 1981 to 2004.” American Sociological Review 78 (2013): 702–725.

Allen Dafoe , Jonathan Renshon , and Paul Huth . “Reputation and Status as Motives for War.” Annual Review of Political Science 17 (2014): 371–393.

Alexandre Debs and Nuno P. Monteiro . “Known Unknowns: Power Shifts, Uncertainty, and War.” International Organization 68 (2014): 1–31.

Jonathan M. DiCicco and Jack S. Levy . “Power Shifts and Problem Shifts: The Evolution of the Power Transition Research Program.” The Journal of Conflict Resolution 43 (1999): 675–704.

Paul F. Diehl and Gary Goertz . War and Peace in International Rivalry. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2000.

Paul J. DiMaggio and Walter W. Powell . “The Iron Cage Revisited: Institutional Isomorphism and Collective Rationality in Organizational Fields.” American Sociological Review 48 (1983): 147–160.

Frank Dobbin . Forging Industrial Policy: The United States, Britain, and France in the Railway Age. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Daniel W. Drezner All Politics Is Global: Explaining International Regulatory Regimes. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2008.

Daniel W. Drezner Military Primacy Doesn't Pay (Nearly As Much As You Think).” International Security 38 (2013): 52–79.

John S. Duffield , Theo Farrell , Richard Price , and Michael C. Desch . “Isms and Schisms: Culturalism versus Realism in Security Studies.” International Security 24 (1999): 156–180.

Wendy Nelson Espeland and Mitchell L. Stevens . “Commensuration as a Social Process.” Annual Review of Sociology 24 (1998): 313–343.

Theo Farrell . “Culture and Military Power,” Review of International Studies 24 (1998): 407–416.

Theo Farrell . “Constructivist Security Studies: Portrait of a Research Program.” International Studies Review 4 (2002): 49–72.

Theo Farrell . “World Culture and Military Power.” Security Studies 14(3): (2005b), 448–488.

Theo Farrell . “Global Norms and Military Effectiveness: The Army in Early Twentieth-Century Ireland.” In Creating Military Power: The Sources of Military Effectiveness, edited by Risa A. Brooks and Elizabeth A. Stanley , 136–157. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2007.

Theo Farrell . “Improving in War: Military Adaptation and the British in Helmand Province, Afghanistan, 2006–2009.” Journal of Strategic Studies 33.4 (2010): 567–594.

James D. Fearon Domestic Political Audiences and the Escalation of International Disputes.” The American Political Science Review 88.3 (1994): 577–592.

James D. Fearon Rationalist Explanations for War.” International Organization 49 (1995): 379–414.

Mark Fey and Kristopher W. Ramsay . “Mutual Optimism and War.” American Journal of Political Science 51 (2007): 738–754.

Darren Filson and Suzanne Werner . “A Bargaining Model of War and Peace.” American Journal of Political Science 46 (2002): 819–838.

Martha Finnemore . “Norms, Culture, and World Politics: Insights from Sociology's Institutionalism.” International Organization 50.2 (1996b): 325–347.

Marion Fourcade-Gourinchas , and Sarah L. Babb . “The Rebirth of the Liberal Creed: Paths to Neoliberalism in Four Countries.” American Journal of Sociology 108.3 (2002): 533–579.

Lawrence Freedman . The Evolution of Nuclear Strategy, third edition . Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.

Robert Gilpin . War and Change in World Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981.

Charles L. Glaser Rational Theory of International Politics: The Logic of Competition and Cooperation. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 2010.

Nils Petter Gleditsch , Steven Pinker , Bradley A. Thayer , Jack S. Levy , and William R. Thompson . “The Decline of War.” International Studies Review 15 (2013): 396–419.

Hein E. Goemans War and Punishment: The Causes of War Termination and the First World War. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000.

Gary Goertz and Jack S. Levy (eds.). Explaining War and Peace: Case Studies and Necessary Condition Counterfactuals. New York: Routledge, 2007.

Emily O. Goldman International Competition and Military Effectiveness: Naval Air Power, 1919–1945.” In Risa A. Brooks and Elizabeth A. Stanley (eds.), Creating Military Power: The Sources of Military Effectiveness, 158–185. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2007.

Philip H. Gordon A Certain Idea of France: French Security Policy and the Gaullist Legacy. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993.

Larry J. Griffin , Joel A. Devine , and Michael Wallace . “Monopoly Capital, Organized Labor, and Military Expenditures in the United States, 1949–1976.” American Journal of Sociology 88 (1982): S113–S153.

Emilie M. Hafner-Burton and Kiyoteru Tsutsui . “Human Rights in a Globalizing World: The Paradox of Empty Promises.” American Journal of Sociology 110 (2005): 1373–1411.

Tim Hallett and Marc J. Ventresca . “Inhabited Institutions: Social Interactions and Organizational Forms in Gouldner's Patterns of Industrial Bureaucracy .” Theory and Society 35 (2006): 213–236.

Ron E. Hassner To Halve and to Hold: Conflicts over Sacred Space and the Problem of Indivisibility.” Security Studies 12.4 (2003): 1–33.

Heather A. Haveman Between a Rock and a Hard Place: Organizational Change and Performance Under Conditions of Fundamental Environmental Transformation.” Administrative Science Quarterly 37 (1992): 48–75.

Heather A. Haveman Follow the Leader: Mimetic Isomorphism and Entry into New Markets.” Administrative Science Quarterly 38 (1993): 593–627.

Kieran Healy . Last Best Gifts: Altruism and the Market for Human Blood and Organs. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006.

Ann Hironaka . Neverending Wars: The International Community, Weak States, and the Perpetuation of Civil War. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2005.

Ann Hironaka . Greening the Globe: World Society and Environmental Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014.

Kalevi J. Holsti Peace and War: Armed Conflicts and International Order, 1648–1989. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

Thomas F. Homer-Dixon and Marc A. Levy . “Environment and Security.” International Security 20 (1995–1996): 189–198.

Michael Horowitz . “The Spread of Nuclear Weapons and International Conflict: Does Experience Matter? Journal of Conflict Resolution 53 (2009): 234–257.

Michael C. Horowitz The Diffusion of Military Power: Causes and Consequences for International Relations. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2010.

Samuel P. Huntington Why International Primacy Matters.” International Security 17 (1993): 68–83.

Paul K. Huth 1996. Standing Your Ground: Territorial Disputes and International Conflict. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Jacques Hymans . The Psychology of Nuclear Proliferation: Identity, Emotions, and Foreign Policy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Jacques Hymans . Achieving Nuclear Ambitions: Scientists, Politicians, and Proliferation. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012.

Robert Jervis . “Cooperation Under the Security Dilemma.” World Politics 30 (1978): 167–214.

Robert Jervis . “The Impact of the Korean War on the Cold War.” The Journal of Conflict Resolution 24 (1980): 563–592.

Robert Jervis . “International Primacy: Is the Game Worth the Candle?.” International Security 17 (1993b): 52–67.

Dominic D.P. Johnson and Dominic Tierney . Failing to Win: Perceptions of Victory and Defeat in International Politics. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2006.

Dominic D.P. Johnson and Monica Duffy Toft . “Grounds for War: The Evolution of Territorial Conflict.” International Security 38 (2013–2014): 7–38.

Daniel Kahneman , Paul Slovic , and Amos Tversky . Judgment under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982.

Stuart J. Kaufman , Richard Little , and William C. Wohlforth (eds.). The Balance of Power in World History. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.

George F. Kennan Containment Then and Now.” Foreign Affairs 65 (1987): 885–890.

Paul M. Kennedy The First World War and the International Power System.” International Security 9 (1984): 7–40.

Elizabeth Kier . “Culture and Military Doctrine: France between the Wars.” International Security 19 (1995): 65–93.

M. Kirby and R. Capey . “The Air Defence of Great Britain, 1920–1940: An Operational Research Perspective.” The Journal of the Operational Research Society 48 (1997): 555–568.

Matthew Kroenig . “Nuclear Superiority and the Balance of Resolve: Explaining Nuclear Crisis Outcomes.” International Organization 67 (2013): 141–171.

Georg Krücken . “Learning the ‘New, New Thing’: On the Role of Path Dependency in University Structures.” Higher Education 46 (2003): 315–339.

Jacek Kugler , and Douglas Lemke (eds.). Parity and War: Evaluations and Extensions of “The War Ledger.” Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1996.

Andrew Kydd . “Which Side Are You On? Bias, Credibility and Mediation.” American Journal of Political Science 47 (2003): 597–611.

David A. Lake Escape from the State of Nature: Authority and Hierarchy in World Politics.” International Security 32 (2007): 47–79.

Deborah Welch Larson , T.V. Paul , and William C. Wohlforth . “Status and World Order.” In Status in World Politics, edited by T.V. Paul , Deborah Welch Larson , and William C. Wohlforth , 3–32. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014.

Richard Ned Lebow . A Cultural Theory of International Relations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008.

Richard Ned Lebow . Forbidden Fruit: Counterfactuals and International Relations. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2010a.

Richard Ned Lebow . Why Nations Fight: Past and Future Motives for War. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010b.

Chang Kil Lee and David Strang . “The International Diffusion of Public-Sector Downsizing: Network Emulation and Theory-Driven Learning.” International Organization 60 (2006): 883–909.

Daniel A. Levinthal and James G. March . “The Myopia of Learning.” Strategic Management Journal 14 (1993): 95–112.

Barbara Levitt and James G. March . “Organizational Learning.” Annual Review of Sociology 14 (1988): 319–338.

Jack S. Levy Misperception and the Causes of War: Theoretical Linkages and Analytical Problems.” World Politics 36 (1983a): 76–99.

Jack S. Levy Declining Power and the Preventive Motivation for War.” World Politics 40 (1987): 82–107.

Jack S. Levy Learning and Foreign Policy: Sweeping a Conceptual Minefield.” International Organization 48 (1994): 279–312.

Jack S. Levy Preventive War and Democratic Politics.” International Studies Quarterly 52 (2008): 1–24.

Jack S. Levy and John A. Vasquez (eds.). The Outbreak of the First World War: Structure, Politics and Decision-Making. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014.

Jack S. Levy and William R. Thompson . “Balancing on Land and at Sea: Do States Ally against the Leading Global Power?International Security 35 (2010a): 7–43.

Keir A. Lieber The New History of World War I and What It Means for International Relations Theory.” International Security 32.2 (2007): 155–191.

Kier A. Lieber and Daryl Press . “The End of MAD? The Nuclear Dimension of U.S. Primacy.” International Security 30 (2006): 7–44.

Alwyn Lim and Kiyoteru Tsutsui . “Globalization and Commitment in Corporate Social Responsibility: Cross-National Analyses of Institutional and Political-Economy Effects.” American Sociological Review 77 (2012): 69–98.

Michael Lounsbury and Marc Ventresca . “The New Structuralism in Organizational Theory.” Organization 10 (2003): 457–480.

Jason Lyall and Isaiah Wilson III. “Rage against the Machines: Explaining Outcomes in Counterinsurgency Wars.” International Organization. 63 (2009): 67–106.

Zeev Maoz and Ben D. Mor . Bound by Struggle: The Strategic Evolution of Enduring International Rivalries. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2002.

James G. March Bounded Rationality, Ambiguity, and the Engineering of Choice.” The Bell Journal of Economics 9 (1978): 587–608.

James G. March Footnotes to Organizational Change.” Administrative Science Quarterly 26 (1981b): 563–577.

James G. March Exploration and Exploitation in Organizational Learning.” Organization Science 2 (1991): 71–87.

James G. March and Johan P. Olsen . “The Institutional Dynamics of International Political Orders.” International Organization 52 (1998): 943–969.

James G. March , Lee S. Sproull , and Michal Tamuz . “Learning from Samples of One or Fewer.” Organization Science 2 (1991): 1–13.

William C. Martel Victory in War: Foundations of Modern Strategy,. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011.

Sean McMeekin . The Russian Origins of the First World War. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press, 2011.

Robert K. Merton The Self-Fulfilling Prophecy.” The Antioch Review 8.2 (1948): 193–210.

John W. Meyer World Society, Institutional Theories, and the Actor.” Annual Review of Sociology 36 (2010): 1–20.

John W. Meyer , John Boli , George M. Thomas , and Francisco O. Ramirez . “World Society and the Nation-State.” American Journal of Sociology 103 (1997): 144–181.

John W. Meyer and Ronald L. Jepperson . “The ‘Actors’ of Modern Society: The Cultural Construction of Social Agency.” Sociological Theory 18 (2000): 100–120.

Benjamin Miller . States, Nations, and the Great Powers: The Sources of Regional War and Peace. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Jeffrey S. Morton and Harvey Starr . “Uncertainty, Change, and War: Power Fluctuations in the Modern Elite Power System.” Journal of Peace Research 38 (2001): 49–66.

Charles C. Moskos Jr.The Concept of the Military-Industrial Complex: Radical Critique or Liberal Bogey?Social Problems 21 (1974): 498–512.

William Moul . “Power Parity, Preponderance, and War between Great Powers, 1816–1989.” The Journal of Conflict Resolution 47 (2003): 468–489.

Williamson Murray . “Armored Warfare: The British, French, and German Experiences.” In Military Innovation in the Interwar Period, edited by Williamson Murray and Allan R. Millett , 6–49. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Barry O'Neill . Honor, Symbols, and War. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1999.

A.F.K. Organski and Jacek Kugler . “The Costs of Major Wars: The Phoenix Factor.” The American Political Science Review 71 (1977): 1347–1366.

J. Douglas Orton and Karl E. Weick . “Loosely Coupled Systems: A Reconceptualization.” The Academy of Management Review 15 (1990): 203–223.

T.V. Paul , Deborah Welch Larson , and William C. Wohlforth (eds.). Status in World Politics. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014.

Kim Pernell-Gallagher . “Learning from Performance: Banks, Collateralized Debt Obligations, and the Credit Crisis.” Social Forces 94.1 (2015): 31–59.

Paul Poast . 2013. “Can Issue Linkage Improve Treaty Credibility?Journal of Conflict Resolution 57 (2013): 739–764.

Douglas Porch . The March to the Marne: The French Army 1871–1914. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981.

Robert Powell . “Uncertainty, Shifting Power, and Appeasement.” The American Political Science Review 90 (1996): 749–764.

Robert Powell . “The Inefficient Use of Power: Costly Conflict with Complete Information.” American Political Science Review 98 (2004): 231–241.

Robert Powell . “War as a Commitment Problem.” International Organization 60 (2006): 169–203.

Robert Powell . “Persistent Fighting and Shifting Power.” American Journal of Political Science 56 (2012): 620–637.

Francisco O. Ramirez and John Boli . “The Political Construction of Mass Schooling: European Origins and Worldwide Institutionalization.” Sociology of Education 60 (1987): 2–17.

Francisco O. Ramirez and John W. Meyer . “Comparative Education: The Social Construction of the Modern World System.” Annual Review of Sociology 6 (1980): 369–399.

Karen Rasler and William R. Thompson . “Explaining Rivalry Escalation to War: Space, Position, and Contiguity in the Major Power Subsystem.” International Studies Quarterly 44 (2000): 503–530.

Karen Rasler and William R. Thompson . “Strategic Rivalries and Complex Causality in 1914.” In The Outbreak of the First World War: Structure, Politics and Decision-Making, edited by Jack S. Levy and John A. Vasquez , 65–86. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014.

Karen Rasler , William R. Thompson , and Sumit Ganguly . How Rivalries End. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2013.

Brian C. Rathbun Uncertainty about Uncertainty: Understanding the Multiple Meanings of a Crucial Concept in International Relations Theory.” International Studies Quarterly 51 (2007): 533–557.

Simon Reich and Richard Ned Lebow . Good-Bye Hegemony! Power and Influence in the Global System. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2014.

Dan Reiter and Curtis Meek . “Determinants of Military Strategy 1903–1994: A Quantitative Empirical Test.” International Studies Quarterly 43 (1999): 363–387.

Dan Reiter and Allen C. Stam . Democracies at War. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2002.

João Resende-Santos . Neorealism, States, and the Modern Mass Army. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Toby J. Rider , Michael G. Findley , and Paul Diehl . “Just Part of the Game? Arms Races, Rivalry, and War.” Journal of Peace Research 48 (2011): 85–100.

Ian Roxborough . “Organizational Innovation: Lessons from Military Organizations.” Sociological Forum 15 (2000): 367–372.

Scott D. Sagan 1914 Revisited: Allies, Offense, and Instability.” International Security 11 (1986): 151–175.

Scott D. Sagan Why Do States Build Nuclear Weapons? Three Models in Search of a Bomb.” International Security 21 (1996–1997): 54–86.

Meredith Reid Sarkees and Frank Wayman . Resort to War: 1816–2007. Washington, DC: CQ Press, 2010.

Marc Schneiberg and Sarah A. Soule . “Institutionalization as a Contested, Multi-Level Process: Rate Regulation in American Fire Insurance.” In Social Movements and Organization Theory, edited by Jerry Davis , Doug McAdam , Dick Scott , and Mayer Zald , 122–160. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Evan Schofer , Ann Hironaka , David John Frank , and Wesley Longhofer . “Sociological Institutionalism and World Society.” In The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Political Sociology, edited by Edwin Amenta , Kate Nash , and Alan Scott , 57–68. New York: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012.

Todd S. Sechser Goliath's Curse: Coercive Threats and Asymmetric Power.” International Organization 64 (2010): 627–660.

Todd S. Sechser and Matthew Fuhrmann . “Crisis Bargaining and Nuclear Blackmail.” International Organization. 67 (2013): 173–195.

Paul D. Senese and John A. Vasquez . The Steps to War: An Empirical Study. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2008.

Jason Sharman . “War, Selection, and Micro-States: Economic and Sociological Perspectives on the International System.” European Journal of International Relations 21 (2015): 194–214.

John Simpson . The Independent Nuclear State: The United States, Britain and the Military Atom. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1983.

Randolph M. Siverson and Michael D. Ward . “The Long Peace: A Reconsideration.” International Organization 56 (2002): 679–691.

Alastair Smith and Allan C. Stam . “Bargaining and the Nature of War.” The Journal of Conflict Resolution 48 (2004): 783–813.

Glenn H. Snyder Deterrence and Defense: Toward a Theory of National Security. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1961.

Jack Snyder . “Civil-Military Relations and the Cult of the Offensive, 1914 and 1984.” International Security 9 (1984a): 108–146.

Jack Snyder . “Better Now Than Later: The Paradox of 1914 as Everyone's Favored Year for War.” International Security 39 (2014): 71–94.

David Stevenson . “Militarization and Diplomacy in Europe before 1914.” International Security 22 (1997): 125–161.

David Strang . Learning by Example: Imitation and Innovation at a Global Bank. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2010.

David Strang and John W. Meyer . “Institutional Conditions for Diffusion.” Theory and Society 22 (1993): 487–511.

David Strang and Michael W. Macy . “In Search of Excellence: Fads, Success Stories, and Adaptive Emulation.” The American Journal of Sociology 107 (2001): 147–182.

David Strang and Sarah A. Soule . “Diffusion in Organizations and Social Movements: From Hybrid Corn to Poison Pills.” Annual Review of Sociology 24 (1998): 265–290.

Mark C. Suchman and Dana P. Eyre . “Military Procurement as Rational Myth: Notes on the Social Construction of Weapons Proliferation.” Sociological Forum 7 (1992): 137–161.

Patricia L. Sullivan War Aims and War Outcomes: Why Powerful States Lose Limited Wars.” The Journal of Conflict Resolution 51 (2007): 496–524.

Patricia L. Sullivan Who Wins: Predicting Strategic Success and Failure in Armed Conflict. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.

Nina Tannenwald . “The Nuclear Taboo: The United States and the Normative Basis of Nuclear Non-Use.” International Organization 53 (1999): 433–468.

Nina Tannenwald . The Nuclear Taboo: The United States and the Non-Use of Nuclear Weapons Since 1945. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Philip E. Tetlock Theory-Driven Reasoning about Plausible Pasts and Probable Futures in World Politics: Are We Prisoners of Our Preconceptions?American Journal of Political Science 43 (1999): 335–366.

William R. Thompson Identifying Rivals and Rivalries in World Politics.” International Studies Quarterly 45 (2001): 557–586.

William R. Thompson Status Conflict, Hierarchies, and Interpretation Dilemmas.” In Status in World Politics, edited by T.V. Paul , Deborah Welch Larson , and William C. Wohlforth , 219–245. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014.

Monica Duffy Toft . “Indivisible Territory, Geographic Concentration, and Ethnic War.” Security Studies 12 (2002): 82–119.

Tim Travers . How the War Was Won: Command and Technology in the British Army on the Western Front, 1917–1918. London: Routledge, 1992.

John A. Vasquez The War Puzzle. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

John A. Vasquez The War Puzzle Revisited. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009.

R. Harrison Wagner . “Bargaining and War.” American Journal of Political Science 44 (2000): 469–484.

Kenneth N. Waltz Nuclear Myths and Political Realities.” The American Political Science Review 84 (1990): 731–745.

Geoffrey Wawro . The Franco-Prussian War: The German Conquest of France in 1870–1871. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Karl E. Weick Educational Organizations as Loosely Coupled Systems.” Administrative Science Quarterly 21 (1976): 1–19.

Alex Weisiger . Logics of War: Explanations for Limited and Unlimited Conflicts. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2013.

Alexander Wendt . “Anarchy Is What States Make of It: The Social Construction of Power Politics.” International Organization. 46 (1992): 391–425.

Alexander Wendt . Social Theory of International Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Suzanne Werner . “Deterring Intervention: The Stakes of War and Third Party Involvement.” American Journal of Political Science 44 (2000): 720–732.

Samuel R. Williamson Jr. Austria-Hungary and the Origins of the First World War. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 1991.

Ward Wilson . “The Winning Weapon? Rethinking Nuclear Weapons in Light of Hiroshima.” International Security 31 (2007): 162–179.

Andreas Wimmer and Brian Min . “From Empire to Nation-State: Explaining Wars in the Modern World, 1816–2001.” American Sociological Review 71 (2006): 867–897.

Andreas Wimmer and Yuval Feinstein . “The Rise of the Nation-State across the World, 1816 to 2001.” American Sociological Review 75 (2010): 764–790.

William C. Wohlforth Unipolarity, Status Competition, and Great Power War.” World Politics 61 (2009): 28–57.

William C. Wohlforth Status Dilemmas and Interstate Conflict.” In Status in World Politics, edited by T.V. Paul , Deborah Welch Larson , and William C. Wohlforth , 115–140. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014.

Scott Wolford , Dan Reiter , and Clifford J. Carrubba . “Information, Commitment, and War.” The Journal of Conflict Resolution 55 (2011): 556–579.

Mark W. Zacher The Territorial Integrity Norm: International Boundaries and the Use of Force.” International Organization 55 (2001): 215–250.

Maurice Zeitlin . 1974. “Military Spending and Economic Stagnation.” The American Journal of Sociology 79 (1974): 1452–1456.

Kimberly Marten Zisk . Engaging the Enemy: Organization Theory and Soviet Military Innovation, 1955–1991. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 149 *
Loading metrics...

Book summary page views

Total views: 994 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 24th March 2017 - 21st August 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.