Skip to main content Accesibility Help
×
×
Home
Unmaking China's Development
  • Peter Ho, Technische Universiteit Delft, The Netherlands

  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Recommend this book

    Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

    Unmaking China's Development
    • Online ISBN: 9781316145616
    • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781316145616
    Please enter your name
    Please enter a valid email address
    Who would you like to send this to *
    ×
  • Buy the print book

Book description

Why would the removal of authoritarian institutions in some developing countries lead to sustained socio-economic crisis, while others experience explosive growth despite 'persisting' informal, insecure and rent-seeking institutional arrangements? A key to solving this enigma lies in understanding China, a country where the paradoxes of development are highly visible. Peter Ho argues that understanding China's economy necessitates an analytical refocusing from Form to Function, detached from normative assumptions about institutional appearance and developing instead a 'Credibility Thesis'. In this reading, once institutions endogenously emerge and persist through actors' conflicting interactions, they are credible. Ho develops this idea theoretically, methodologically, and empirically by examining institutions around the sector that propelled, yet, simultaneously destabilizes development: real estate - land, housing and natural resources. Ho shows how this sector can further both our understanding of institutions and issues of capital, labor, infrastructure and technology.

Reviews

‘Successful development on the ground often confounds formal development theory. This is especially the case with neo-liberal views that secure property rights are crucial for successful outcomes. Peter Ho challenges this view with his important study of land in China in all its forms, uses and abuses. Despite the absence of the necessary infrastructure proposed by neo-liberal theories, China has witnessed dramatic growth, while other nations that have this infrastructure have faltered or failed to produce the expected outcomes. Ho's detailed study … provides the reader with a wealth of stimulating challenges. Ho suggests that we concentrate on the function of institutions (their credibility) rather than the form. This is an important book that challenges many commonly held assumptions about what works in development. It should be read not only by those interested in China's economic trajectory but also by anyone interested in development theory and the reality of development in real places and in real time.'

Tony Saich - Daewoo Professor of International Affairs, Harvard University, Massachusetts

‘Mainstream economics is of little use in understanding China's economic transitions since the late 1980s. … Peter Ho is one of very few scholars capable of explaining the Chinese economy as it is rather than as western economists imagine – or wish – it to be. We have here a profound blending of conceptual clarity and empirical detail. Attention must be paid to this message.'

Daniel W. Bromley - Anderson-Bascom Professor of applied economics, University of Wisconsin, Madison

‘Ho makes a bold argument that the key to understanding the Chinese developmental enigma lies in the distinction between form and function of institutions and the credibility of institutions … The ‘Credibility Thesis' effectively articulated here is inspirational, innovative, and provocative with great potentials to advance theoretical inquiry into the intriguing nature of China's developmental model in a rapidly changing world.'

George C. S. Lin - The University of Hong Kong

‘Peter Ho … raises a profound question about the ‘credibility' of land institution. In Unmaking China's Development, he investigates actually-existing messy land property rights in rural and urban China. The book not only illuminates complex land and housing issues but also provides highly insightful reflections on economic theories of property rights.'

Fulong Wu - Bartlett Professor of Planning , University College London

‘Peter Ho is a leading theorist of China's contemporary property rights. Based on rich empirical data and rigorous theoretical framing, this book successfully delineates the transformation and consolidation of China's land rights regimes in the past half a century, and offers new insight that convincingly defies existing explanatory models.'

You-tien Hsing - Pamela P. Fong Family Distinguished Chair in China Studies, University of California, Berkeley

‘Academics and activists interested in and working on the broad themes of politics and development, rural and urban issues in various parts of the world must read Unmaking China's Development by Peter Ho. It is a brilliant book that looks into the centrality of institutions in political and development processes, and successfully poses a highly original theoretical and methodological approach for the standard narratives on this subject.'

Saturnino M. Borras, Jr - International Institute of Social Studies (ISS), The Netherlands

‘Peter Ho has long been recognized among scholars as the leading authority on Chinese land issues. In this conceptually sophisticated book he explores both the urban and rural institutional underpinnings of landholdings and examines a conundrum: why China has experienced high levels of investment in property despite a system of insecure property rights. His book not only illuminates China's economic development but also successfully challenges long-held neo-liberal assumptions in the social sciences.'

Jonathan Unger - Editor of The China Journal

‘Focused on the vicissitudes of real estate institutions, Peter Ho's new book offers us a penetrating book into the political economy of Chinese development and raises profound questions about the politics of development in general. This is a book brimming with insights and provocations.'

Dali Yang - William Claude Reavis Professor, University of Chicago

‘Peter Ho skilfully provides a ground-breaking study of the political institutions underlying economic development in China. A must-read for scholars of international development and a rich and informative analysis of China. … Scholars of economic development cannot ignore China. Peter Ho's rich and informative book provides ground-breaking analysis of political institutions underlying China's growth. It should be read by anyone interested in economic development policy and China.'

Tim Forsyth - London School of Economics and Political Science

‘This is an excellent scholarly work. It combines a wide-ranging literature search with detailed fieldwork in China … in an attempt to answer broad theoretical questions. The empirical work and theoretical underpinnings are astoundingly detailed.'

Richard Louis Edmonds - University of Chicago

‘This is an important book on many dimensions. Peter Ho draws on his extensive empirical research in China to construct a convincing and highly original theory challenging the basic neo-liberal assumption that clear, formal property rights are a necessary precondition for development. Ho points out that the fifth of the world's population living in China experienced the largest economic boom in history with murky and ambiguous ownership rules. He argues that persistence of institutions shows they perform useful functions and are credible. … Ho's conclusions call into question the many costly efforts by international organizations and national governments (including China) to clarify ownership rules. They demand a new, more culturally sensitive approach to harmonizing informal belief systems and ambiguous, but credible, property rights systems.'

Richard LeGates - Summit Professor of Urban Planning, Tongji University, Shanghai

Refine List
Actions for selected content:
Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive
  • Send content to

    To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to .

    To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

    Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

    Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

    Please be advised that item(s) you selected are not available.
    You are about to send
    ×

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
×
Aalders, Marius, “Industrie, Milieu en Wetgeving: De Hinderwet tussen Symboliek en Effectiviteit” (“Industry, Environment and Legislation: The Nuisance Act between Symbolism and Effectivity”), PhD thesis (Amsterdam: Kobra, 1984)
Abbott, Andrew (1983), “Sequences of Social Events: Concepts and Methods for the Analysis of Order in Social Processes,” Historical Methods 16(4): 129147
Acemoglu, Daron, Suresh, Naidu, Restrepo, Pascual, and Robinson, James A. (2014), “Democracy Does Cause Growth,” NBER Working Papers, No. 20004, March, pp. 132
Acemoglu, Daron, and Robinson, James A. (2006), “De Facto Political Power and Institutional Persistence?,” The American Economic Review 96(2): 325330
Acemoglu, Daron (2003), “Why Not a Political Coase theorem? Social Conflict, Commitment, and Politics”, Journal of Comparative Economics, 31(4): 620652
Achenbach, Joel (2014), “New Dinosaur Called the Chicken from Hell,” The Washington Post, 19 March, at www.washingtonpost.com/national/health-science/new-dinosaur-called-the-chicken-from-hell/2014/03/19/92cc64d4-af7d-11e3-9627-c65021d6d572_story.html, accessed 19 May 2014
Agrawal, Arun, Wollenberg, Eva, and Lauren, Persha. 2014. Governing Mitigation in Agriculture-Forest Landscapes. Global Environmental Change. 29, pp. 270326
Alchian, Armen A., and Demsetz, Harold (1973), “Property Rights Paradigm,” Journal of Economic History 33(1): 1627
Alexander, Jeffrey C., Giessen, Bernhard, Münch, Richard and Smelser, Neil J. (eds.) (1987), The Micro-Macro Link. Berkeley: University of California Press
Alexander, Peter, and Chan, Anita (2004), “Does China Have an Apartheid Pass System?,” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 30(4): 609629
Aligica, Paul D., and Boettke, Peter J. (2009), Challenging Institutional Analysis and Development: The Bloomington School. New York: Routledge
Altheide, David L., and Gilmore, Robert P. (1972), “The Credibility of Protest,” American Sociological Review 37: 99108
Andre, Catherine, and Platteau, Jean-Philippe (1998), “Land Relations under Unbearable Stress: Rwanda Caught in the Malthusian Trap,” Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 34(1): 147
Anjuke (2012a), Beijing Fangjia Zoushi (Trend of Beijing Housing Price), at http://beijing.anjuke.com/market/#mode=1&hm=0&period=12, accessed on 16 December 2012
Anjuke (2012b), Shanghai Fangjia Zoushi (Trend of Shanghai Housing Price), at http://shanghai.anjuke.com/market/W0QQcZ1#mode=1&hm=0&period=12, accessed on 16 December 2012
Anjuke (2012c), Guangzhou Fangjia Zoushi (Trend of Guangzhou Housing Price), at http://guangzhou.anjuke.com/market/W0QQcZ1#mode=1&hm=0&period=12, accessed on 16 December 2012
Anjuke (2012d), Shenzhen Fangjia Zoushi (Trend of Shenzhen Housing Price), at http://shenzhen.anjuke.com/market/W0QQcZ1#mode=1&hm=0&period=12, accessed on 16 December 2012
Anonymous (1998), “Quxiao Fuli Fenfang Shifou You Shi Shehui Zhuyi Gongping” (Does the Abolition of the Distribution of Social Housing Imply that Socialist Equity Is Lost?), Neibu wengao (renamed Hongqi wengao), 26 July 1998, 468(14): 36
Anonymous (2012), “Qianxi Nongcun Budongchan Dengji Zhidu Yanjiu” (An Elementary Analysis of the Rural Registration System of Real Estate), 25 May 2012, at www.starlunwen.net/faxue/92284.html
Aoki, Masahiko (2000), “Institutional evolution as punctuated equilibria,” in Ménard, Claude (ed.), Institutions, Contracts and Organizations: Perspectives from New Institutional Economics. Cheltenham UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 1136
Aoki, Masahiko (2007), “Endogenizing Institutions and Institutional Changes,” Journal of Institutional Economics 3(01): 131
AP015 (ed.) (2014), “Zhaijidi Gaige Fang’an Chucheng 7000 Wan Tao Xiaochanquan Fang Zhuanzheng Wuwang” (Reform Program for Rural Housing Land Takes Shape, 70 Million Small Property Rights’ Housing No Hope of Formal Title), 21CN, 26 October 2014, at http://finance.21cn.com/stock/ssbd/a/2014/1026/18/28444965_2.shtml, accessed on 25 May 2015
Arestis, Philip (1992), The Post-Keynesian Approach to Economics. Aldershot UK and Vermont, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing
Aron, Janine (2000), “Growth and Institutions: A Review of the Evidence,” The World Bank Research Observer 15(1): 99135; 128
Arthur, W. Brian (1994), Increasing Returns and Path Dependence in the Economy. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press
Ash, Robert, and Edmonds, Richard L. (1998), “China’s Land Resources, Environment and Agricultural Production,” The China Quarterly 156: 836879
Atwood, David A. (1990), “Land Registration in Africa: The Impact on Agricultural Production,” World Development 18(5): 659671
Aubert, Vilhelm (1966), “Some Social Functions of Legislation,” Acta Sociologica 10(1–2): 98121
Austin, Granville (2000), Working a Democratic Constitution: A History of the Indian Experience. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press
Banks, Tony (1999), “State, Community and Common Property in Xinjiang: Synergy or Strife?,” Development Policy Review 17(3): 293313
Banks, Tony J. (2003), “Property Rights Reform in Rangeland China: Dilemmas on the Road to the Household Ranch”, World Development 31(12): 21292142
Banks, Tony J., Richard, Camille, Li, Ping, and Yan, Zhaoli (2003) “Community-Based Grassland Management in Western China: Rationale, Pilot Project Experience and Policy Implications,” Mountain Research and Development 23(2): 132140
Baogao China (2012), “Taiyuan jianhua chengxu jiangdi feiyong jiashu xiaotudizheng banli” (Taiyuan simplifies procedures, decreases costs, and speeds up the handling of the small land permit), Zhongguo Hangye Baogaowang, 29 November, at www.baogaochina.com/News/2012-11/TaiYuanJianHuaChengXuJiangDiFeiY.html, accessed on 11 January 2015
Barro, Robert J. (1996), “Democracy and Growth,” Journal of Economic Growth 1(1): 127
Barth, James R., Caprio, Gerard Jr. and Levine, Ross (2006), Rethinking Bank Regulation: Till Angels Govern. New York: Cambridge University Press
Beckert, Jens (2010), “Institutional Isomorphism Revisited: Convergence and Divergence in Institutional Change,” Sociological Theory 28(2): 150166
Beetham, David (2002), “Liberal Democracy and the Limits of Democratization,” in Grugel, J. (ed.) Democratization: a Critical Introduction. Basingstoke: Palgrave
Behnke, Roy H., Scoones, Ian, and Kerven, Carol (eds.) (1993), Range Ecology at Disequilibrium: New Models of Natural Variability and Pastoral Adaptation in African Savannas. London: Overseas Development Institute
Beijing Housing Administration (1966), “Beijingshi fangdichan guanliju guanyu jieguan sifang de ruogan guiding” (Certain provisions by the Beijing Housing Administration about taking over private housing), 26 September, Beijing
Beijing People’s Government (2007), Beijingshi chengshi lianzu zhufang guanli banfa (Administrative Measures for Urban Low-Rental Housing of Beijing Municipality), Number 26, 25 September
Beijing People’s Government (2011), Beijing shi renmin zhengfu bangongting “guanyu guanqie luoshi guowuyuan bangongting wenjian jingshen jinyibu jiaqiang benshi fangdichan shichang diaokong gongzuo de tongzhi” (Notice by the Secretariat of the Beijing People’s Government “regarding the implementation and further strengthening of the work on the regulation of the city’s real estate market in the spirit of the document of the Secretariat of the State Council”), Document No. 8, 16 February
Beijing Revolutionary Committee (1968), “Guanyu wuchan jiejie wenhua da geming zhong hongweibing chachao caiwu, fangdichan chuli de tongzhi” (Notice about dealing with Red Guards’ confiscated property and real estate during the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution), Jinggefa, Number 68/44, 20 February, Beijing
Beijing Shangbao (2015), “Haidian jiang zhongdian jianshe 118 ge xiangmu, baokuo jiufang gaizao ji penggai” (Haidian District will focus on 118 construction projects, includes housing renovation and shed improvement), at 30 March, http://news.focus.cn/bj/2015-03-30/6147021.html, Souhu Jiaodian, accessed on 23 May 2015
Berger, Sebastian (ed.) (2009), The Foundations of Non-Equilibrium Economics: the Principle of Circular and Cumulative Causation. London and New York: Routledge, pp. 91105
Bhandari, Ravi (2007), “The Role of Social Distance in sharecropping Efficiency: the Case of Two Rice-Growing Villages in Nepal,” Journal of Economic Studies 34(4): 290310
Blackburn, Keith, and Christensen, Michael (1989), “Monetary Policy Theories and Credibility: Policy Evidence,” Journal of Economic Literature 27(1): 145
Botcheva, Liliana, and Martin, Lisa L. (2001), “Institutional Effects on State Behavior: Convergence and Divergence,” International Studies Quarterly 45(1): 126
Bowles, Samuel., Choi, Jung Kyoo, Hopfensitz, Astrid (2003), “The Co-evolution of Individual Behaviors and Social Institutions,” Journal of Theoretical Biology 223(2): 135147
Brandt, Loren, Rozelle, Scott D. and Turner, Matthew A. (2002), “Local Government Behavior and Property Rights Formation in Rural China”, Agriculture and Resource Economics Working Papers, No. 02–004, February, pp. 144
Brannen, Julia (2005), “Mixing Methods: the Entry of Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches into the Research Process,” International Journal of Social Research Methodology 8: 173184
Bridgham, Philip (1968), “Mao’s Cultural Revolution in 1967: the Struggle to Seize Power,” The China Quarterly 34, June, 637
Bridgham, Philip (1970), “Mao’s Cultural Revolution in 1967: the Struggle to Consolidate Power,” The China Quarterly 41, January–March, 115
Brokensha, David W., Warren, Dennis M. and Werner, Oswald (eds.) (1980), Indigenous Knowledge Systems and Development. Lanham, MD: University Press of America
Bromley, Daniel W. (2005), “Property Rights and Land in Ex-Socialist States: Lessons of Transition for China,” in Ho, Peter (ed.), Developmental Dilemmas: Land Reform and Institutional Change in China London and New York: Routledge, 3561
Bromley, Daniel W. (ed.) (1992), Making the Commons Work: Theory, Practice and Policy. San Francisco: ICS Press
Brown, Colin, Longworth, John, and Waldron, Scott (2008), Sustainable Development in Western China: Managing People, Livestock, and Grasslands in Pastoral Areas. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing
Buckley, Robert M. (1994), “Housing Finance in Developing Countries: the Role of Credible Contracts,” Economic Development and Cultural Change 42(2) January: 317332
Byrne, Katharine, and Nichols, Richard A. (1999), “Culex pipiens in London Underground Tunnels: Differentiation between Surface and Subterranean Populations,” Heredity (82): 715
Byres, Terence J. (1983), “Historical Perspectives on Sharecropping,” Journal of Peasant Studies 10(2–3): 740
Caballero, José‐María (1983), “Sharecropping as an Efficient System: Further Answers to an Old Puzzle,” Journal of Peasant Studies 10(2–3): 107118
Cai, Jinshui (2004), “Dangqian fangdichan shichang de xingshi he wenti” (The current situation and problems of the real estate market), Shuiwu yanjiu 227(4): 2934
Cai, Jinshui (2011), “Zhu Guoming zoufang kanwang Wukan cumin, zhuyuan qunzhong guoshang hao rizi” (Zhu Guomin Visited Wukan Villagers, Wishing the Masses Better Days), Shanwei Daily (Shanwei Ribao), 23 December, p. 2
Cai, Yongshun (2003), “Collective Ownership or Cadres’ Ownership? the Non-Agricultural Use of Farmland in China”, The China Quarterly 175: 662680
Campbell, John C. (2004), Institutional Change and Globalization. Princeton: Princeton University Press
Carlson, Elof Axel (2001), The Unfit: a History of a Bad Idea. Cold Spring Harbor, NY: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
CCP (1961), “Nongcun Renmin Gongshe Gongzuo Tiaoli Cao’an” (Draft of the Work Regulations for the Rural People’s Communes), March 1961, in Yanjiushi, Zhongguo Renmin Jiefangjun Guofang Daxue Dangshi (ed.), Zhonggong Dangshi Jiaoxue Cankao Ziliao (Reference and Educational Material on the History of the CCP), Vol. 23, (Beijing: Guofang Daxue Chubanshe, 1986), p. 454
CCP (1962), “Nongcun Renmin Gongshe Gongzuo Tiaoli Xiuzheng Cao’an” (Revised Draft of the Work Regulations of the Rural People’s Communes) 27 September 1962, in Zhongguo Renmin Jiefangjun Guofang Yanjiushi, Daxue Dangshi (ed.), Zhonggong Dangshi Jiaoxue Cankao Ziliao (Reference and Educational Material on the History of the CCP), Vol. 23 (Beijing: Guofang Daxue Chubanshe, 1986), p. 137
CCP (2013), “Zhonggong zhongyang guanyu quanmian shenhua gaige ruogan zhongda wenti de jueding” (decision by the CCP Central Committee on several major issues on the overall deepening of the reforms), 12 November, 3rd Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party), available at www.ce.cn/xwzx/gnsz/szyw/201311/18/t20131118_1767104.shtml, accessed on 29 November 2013
CCP Central Committee (2008), “Zhonggong Zhongyang guanyu tuijin Nongcun Gaige Fazhan ruogan Zhongda Wenti de Jueding” (Decision on Several Major Issues of Rural Reform and Development), adopted 12 October 2008, third plenary session of the 17th Central Committee Communist Party Congress of China
CCP Central Committee (2013), Zhonggong zhongyang guanyu quanmian shenhua gaige ruogan zhongda wenti de jueding (Decisions by the CPC Central Committee regarding several major issues on fully deepening reforms), 12 November, adopted at the third plenary session of the Central Committee during the 18th Party Congress
CCP Central Committee and State Council (2010), “2010 nian zhongyang yihao wenjian: zhonggong zhongyang, guowuyuan guanyu jiadao tongchou chengxiang fazhan lidu jinyibu hangshi nongye nongcun fazhan jichu de ruogan yijian” (Number One Central Document of 2010: Some suggestions by the CCP Central Committee and State Council on the increase of urban and rural development efforts to further consolidate the basis of agricultural and rural development) (31 December 2009), officially released on 31 January 2010, pp. 17
CCP Central Committee and State Council (2010), Number One Central Document of 2010: A number of observations by the CCP Central Committee and State Council on the increase of urban and rural development efforts to further consolidate the basis of agricultural and rural development (2010 nian zhongyang yihao wenjian: zhonggong zhongyang, guowuyuan guanyu jiada tongchou chengxiang fazhanlidu jinyibu hangshi nongye nongcun fazhan jichu de ruogan yijian), (31 December 2009), officially released on 31 January 2010, pp. 17, available at http://news.xinhuanet.com/politics/2010-01/31/content_12907829.htm
CCP Central Committee and State Council (2013), “2013 nian zhongyang yihao wenjian: zhonggong zhongyang guowuyuan guanyu jiakuai fazhan xiandai nongye jinyibu zengqiang nongcun fazhan huoli de ruogan yijian” (Number One Central Document of 2013: Some suggestions by the CPC Central Committee and State Council on accelerating the development of modern agriculture that further enhance the vitality of rural development), 31 January 2013, pp. 14
CCP Central Committee and State Council (2014), “2014 nian zhongyang yihao wenjian: zhonggong zhongyang guowuyuan guanyu jiakuai quanmian shenhua nongcun gaige jiakuai tuijin nongye xiandaihua de ruogan yijian” (Number One Central Document of 2014: Some suggestions by the CPC Central Committee and State Council on deepening rural reforms and accelerating and furthering the modernization of agriculture), 19 January 2014, pp. 16
CCP Central Secretariat Second Office (1956), “Guanyu muqian chengshi siyou fangchan jiben qingkuang ji jinxing shehui zhuyi gaizao de yijian” (Suggestions on the basic situation of current urban private housing property and the execution of the socialist transformation), Zhongyang mishuchu di’er bangongshi, 18 January, Beijing
Cendrowski, Scott (2015), “Is China’s stock bubble bursting really a systemic risk?,” Fortune, 28 July, at http://fortune.com/2015/07/28/is-chinas-stock-bubble-bursting-really-a-systemic-risk/, accessed on 29 August 2015
Central Administration for Industry and Commerce (1961), “Zhongyang gongshang xingzheng guanliju, shangyebuguanyu jiashu chengshi siren chuzu fangwu shehuizhuyi gaizao gongzuo de lianhe tongzhi’” (Joint notice by the Central Administration for Industry and Commerce and the Ministry of Commerce on “Accelerating the work of the socialist transformation of urban private rental housing”, Gongshang banzi di 2 hao, Shangban lianzi di 217 hao, 13 May, Beijing
Central Discipline Inspection Commission (2014), “Zhongyang shoulun xunshi faxian Liu Zhijun Jun Gushan jun she shubai tao fangchan” (Centre’s first round of inspection found Liu Zhijun and Jun Gushan both involved in hundreds of properties), 22 November, at http://news.ifeng.com/a/20141122/42543149_0.shtml, accessed on 5 November 2015
Chambers, Richard G., Pacey, A. and Thrupp, L. A. (eds.) (1989), Farmer First: Farmer Innovation and Agricultural Research. London: Intermediate Technology Publications Ltd.
Chan, Anita, Madsen, Richard and Unger, Jonathan (1992), Chen Village under Mao and Deng, revised edition, Berkeley: University of California Press
Chan, Kam Wing (2013), “China, Internal Migration,” in Ness, Immanuel and Bellwood, Peter (eds.), The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. Blackwell Publishing, Part C, DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm124, pp. 117
Chang, Ha-Joon (2001), “Intellectual Property Rights and Economic Development: Historical Lessons and Emerging Issues,” Journal of Human Development and Capabilities 2(2): 287309
Chang, Ha-Joon (2003), “Kicking Away the Ladder: Infant Industry Promotion in Historical Perspective,” Oxford Development Studies 31(1): 2132
Chang, Ha-Joon (2007), Institutional Change and Economic Development. Tokyo, New York, Paris: United Nations University Press
Chang, Huatang, and Zhang, Dayong (2006), “An Analysis on Housing Security for Urban Disadvantaged Groups from the Perspective of Social Policy: Reflections on the Debate over Affordable Housing,” Zhongguo Nongye Daxue Xuebao (Shehui Kexue Ban) 63(02) 6873
de Enci, Changsheng Tian (2013), “Jinmu, jinjin shi tuituo pohuai caoyuan de yige chaolan de liyou eryi” (The Grazing Ban is simply an awfully bad pretext to prevent grassland degradation), Blog “Jinmu, gei women dailaile shenme?” (What did the Grazing Ban bring us?), posted 14 March, 17:39, at http://tieba.baidu.com/p/2211026476, accessed on 12 August 2013 (at 04–02–2016 his blog was found removed, but has been saved by the author)
Charlesworth, Neil (1983), “The Origins of Fragmentation of Land Holdings in British India: a Comparative Examination,” in Robb, Peter (ed.), Rural India: Land, Power and Society under British Rule. London: Curzon Press Ltd.
Che, Jiahua, and Qian, Yingyi (1998), “Insecure Property Rights and Government Ownership of Firms,” The Quarterly Journal of Economics 113(2): 467496
Chen, Chien-Hsun (2002), “Property Rights and Rural Development in China’s Transitional Economy,” Economics of Planning 35(4): 349363
Chen, Feng (2012), “Wo guo zhufang baozhang tixi de youhua chonggou: Jiyu tixu dingceng sheji shijiao de tantao” (Optimizing the reconstruction of China’s social housing system: Exploring system design with a view from the top), Huazhong Shifan Daxue Xuebao (Renwen Shehui Kexueban) 51(5) 4756
Chen, Guanghong (2007), “Ningxia fengshan jinmu shengtai xiufu de shijian yu sikao” (Practice and thoughts about grazing prohibitions and ecological restoration in Ningxia), Zhongguo shuitu baochi (5): 1214
Chen, Huabin (2011), “Yezhu dahui falü zhidu tanwei” (A small investigation into the legal system of the homeowner assembly), Faxue, (3): 6774
Chen, Jean, and Wills, David (1999), The Impact of China’s Economic Reforms upon Land Property and Construction. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate.
Chen, Jie, and Su, Yongling (2008), “Jinmu dui nongmu jiaocuodai nonghu shengchan he shengji de yingxiang – dui Ningxia Yanchi xian liang xiang si cun bashi ge nonghe de diaocha” (Impact of the Grazing Ban on farmers’ production and livelihoods in the agro-pastoral region – Research on 80 farm households in 4 villages and 2 townships in Yanchi County, Ningxia), Nongye jingji wenti, No. 6, pp.7379
Chen, Lei, and Mostert, Hanri (2007), “The Unavoidable Necessity of Formalizing Condominium Ownership in China: a Pilot Study”, Asian Journal of Comparative Law, 2(1): 130
Chen, Ligen, and Cheng, Cheng (2012), “Jiyu nongmin fuli de zhaijidi liuzhuan moshi bijiao yu lujing xuanze” (Comparison of models and trajectory options for the transfer of farmers’ housing land based on welfare), Zhongguo Tudi Kexue, Vol. 26, No. 10, pp. 6774
Chen, Long (2005), Zhongguo fangdichan paomo de lishi ji xianzhuang” (History and current situation of the Chinese real estate bubble), Jingji Tizhi Gaige, Vol. 2, pp. 35–9
Chen, Ming and Liu, Zuyun (2011), “Dangqian nongcun tudi zhidu de guizexing fengxian fenxi” (Risk Analysis on the Regularity of Current Rural Land Institutions), Lilun yu Gaige, 5: 6570
Chen, Tie and Meng, Lingjie (2007), “Land Redistributions, Tenure Security and Farm Households long term Investments – Validation and Analysis based on Survey Data from Jiangsu Province” (tudi tiaozheng, diquan wendingxing yu nonghu changqi touzi – jiyu Zhejiang sheng diaocha shuju de shizheng fenxi), Nongye Jingji Wenti 10, October, pp. 411
Chen, Xinhua, Liu, Jing and Liu, Maozhao (2014), “Xin nongcun jianshe jincheng zhong cunzai de tudi wenti ji jidian jianyi” (Land issues in the process of building a new countryside and suggestions), Anhui Nongye Kexue 42(13): 40974098
Chen, Xiwen (1993), Zhongguo Nongcun Gaige: Huigu yu Zhanwang (China’s Rural Reforms: Retrospect and Outlook), Tianjin: Tianjin Renmin Chubanshe
Chen, Yawei (2007), “Establishing a Credible Land Institution in Transitional Chinese Cities: Shanghai’s Practice, Problems and Strategies,” presented at International Conference on China’s Urban Land and Housing in the 21st Century, Hong Kong Baptist University, 13–15 December, pp. 120
Chen, Yicun (2006), Wuye jiufen, yezhu geren neng qu da guansi ma? (Property disputes, can individual home-owners litigate?), Hangzhou Ribao, 23 November, p. 3, at http://hzdaily.hangzhou.com.cn/hzrb/html/2006–11/23/content_73657.htm, accessed on 15 January
Chen, Zhiwu (2003), “Capital markets and legal development: The China case,” China Economic Review 14(4): 451472
Cheng, Tiejun, and Selden, Mark (1994), “The Origins and Social Consequences of China’s Hukou System”, The China Quarterly, No. 139 (September), pp. 644669
Cheng, Xueyang (2013), “Chengshi tudi guoyou guiding de youlai” (The origins of the rule on state-ownership of urban land), Yanhuang Chunqiu Zaizhi, No. 6, pp. 13
Cheng, Yuk-shing, and Tsang, Shu-ki (1995), “Agricultural Land Reform in a Mixed System: the Chinese Experience of 1984–1994,” China Information, 10(3/4): 4474
Cheung, Steven N. S. (1968), “Private Property Rights and Sharecropping,” Journal of Political Economy 76: 11071122
Childs, L. M., Held, N. L., Young, M. J., Whitaker, R. J., and Weitz, J. S. (2012), “Multi-Scale Model of CRISPR-Induced Coevolutionary Dynamics: Diversification at the Interface of Lamarck and Darwin,” Evolution 66(7): 20152029
China Daily (2005), “New Rules to curb surging Real Estate Price”, China Daily, 13 May, at www.chinadaily.com.cn/english/doc/2005/05/13/content_441874.htm accessed on 22 January 2007
China Daily (2011), “Beijing Issues New Rules to Limit House Purchase,” China Daily, 16 February, at www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2011-02/16/content_12028324.htm, accessed on 7 July 2012
China Economic Net (2005), “Erlinglingwu nian Zhongguo shi da baoli hangye” (The 10 Most Profitable Industries in China in 2005), Zhongguo Jingjiwang, at www.chinaeconomy.cn (now www.ce.cn) accessed on 28 March 2006
China Household Financial Survey and Research Centre (2014), Chengzhen zhufang kongzhilü ji zhufang shichang fazhan qushi (Housing vacancy rates of cities/towns and development trends of the housing market), Chengdu: Xinan Caijing Daxue
China Times (2006), “Beijing dijia baozhang 50 duo bei de mimi: zhengdi ‘jihu ling chengben’” (The Secret Behind the 50-Fold Rise in Beijing Land Prices: Land Requisitions at ‘Almost No Cost’), Huaxia Shibao, 4 June, p. 4
Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (ed.) (2005), Blue Book of China’s Society: Analysis and Forecast on China’s Social Development. Beijing: Social Sciences Academic Press
Chinese People’s Revolutionary Military Commission (1949), “Zhongguo Renmin Jiefangjun Bugao” (Notice of the People’s Liberation Army), 25 April, Beijing
Chovanec, Patrick (2009), “China’s Real Estate Riddle,” Far Eastern Economic Review, 8 June, at www.feer.com/economics/2009/june53/Chinas-Real-estate
Chovanec, Patrick (2012a), BBC: China’s 2011 GDP Numbers, 17 January, at http://chovanec.wordpress.com/2012/01/17/bbc-chinas-2011-gdp-numbers/
Chovanec, Patrick (2012b), Further Thoughts on Real Estate’s Impact on GDP. 20 January, at http://chovanec.wordpress.com/2012/01/20/further-thoughts-on-real-estates-impact-on-gdp/
Chu, Daowen (2012), “Zhidu chonggou: Cong xiao chanquan fang dao gongzu fang de kuayue” (An Institutional Reconstruction: from Small Property Rights Housing to Public Rental Housing), Qilu Xuekan, Vol. 229, No. 4, pp. 100110
Chung, Him (2013), “The Spatial Dimension of Negotiated Power Relations and Social Justice in the Redevelopment of Villages-in-the-City in China,” Environment and Planning A 45: 24592476
Clark, John Maurice (1927), “Recent Developments in Economics.” in Hayes, Edward C. (ed.), Recent Developments in the Social Sciences. Philadelphia: Lippencott, pp. 213306
Coase, Ronald H. (1960), “The Problem of Social Cost,” Journal of Law and Economics, (3): 144
Coffee, John C. Jr. (2001), “The Rise of Dispersed Ownership: the Roles of Law and the States in the Separation of Ownership and Control,” The Yale Law Journal 111(1): 182
Cohen, Myron L. (1990), “Lineage Organization in North China,” The Journal of Asian Studies 49(03): 509534
Collins, Randall (1975), Conflict Sociology: Toward an Explanatory Science, New York: Academic Press
Commons, John R. (1961), Institutional Economics. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press
Commons, John R. (1924), Legal Foundations of Capitalism. New York: Macmillan
Coser, Lewis (1956), The Functions of Social Conflict. New York: The Free Press
CPPCC (1949), “Zhongguo renmin zhengzhi xieshang huiyi gongtong gangling” (Common Program of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference), adopted on 29 September at the 1st Plenary Session, Beijing
Cramer, Christopher, and Goodhand, Jonathan (2002), “Try Again, Fail Again, Fail Better? War, the State, and the ‘Post-Conflict’ Challenge in Afghanistan,” Development and Change 33(5): 885909
Creswell, John W. (2003), Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches, 2nd edition. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications
Croll, Elisabeth (1994), From Heaven to Earth: Images and Experiences of Development in China. London: Routledge
Cui, Jianyuan (2009), Wuquanfa (Property Law). Beijing: Renmin Daxue Chubanshe
Da, Lintai, and Yisheng, Zheng (2012), “Zhen guomu huo jiagumu: Neimengu caodi guomu wenti fenxi” (Overgrazing, True or False? an Analysis of the Problem of Overgrazing on Inner Mongolia’s Grassland), Zhongguo Nongcun Jingji (5): 418
Dahebao (2014), “Huji gaige nongmin duo xiangshou wu zhong fuli, nongcun zhaijidi reng baoliu” (Farmers enjoy five more types of social welfare due to Hukou reform, rural housing land maintained), Xinlang Leju, 13 November, at: http://hn.house.sina.com.cn/news/2014–11-13/08365938459075569571703.shtml, accessed on 28 May 2015
Dainotto, Roberto M. (2006), Europe (in Theory). Durham: Duke University Press
Dale, Peter D., and McLaughlin, John D. (1988), Land Information Management. Oxford: Clarendon Press
David, A. Paul (2001), “Path Dependence, Its Critics and the Quest for ‘Historical Economics’,” in Garrouste, P. and Ioannides, S. (eds.), Evolution and Path Dependence in Economic Ideas: Past and Present. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar
David, Wilfred L. (2004), The Humanitarian Development Paradigm: Search for Global Justice. Lanham: University Press of America
Davis, Gerald F., and Marquis, Christopher (2005), “Globalization of Stock Markets and Convergence in Corporate Governance,” in Nee, Victor and Swedberg, Richard (eds.), The Economic Sociology of Capitalism. Princeton: Princeton University Press
Davy, Benjamin, Davy, Ulrike and Leisering, Lutz (2013), “The global, the social and rights. New perspectives on social citizenship,” International Journal of Social Welfare 22: S1S14
Davy, Benjamin, and Pellissery, Sony (2013), “The Citizenship Promise (Un)Fulfilled: the Right to Housing in Informal Settings,” International Journal of Social Welfare 22: S68S84
De Bie, Ruben (2013), Functionality of Homeowner Organizations in the PRC: a Rise of Civil Society in New Residential Developments, 4 September, MA Thesis in East Asian Studies, New York University
Deininger, Klaus, and Jin, Songqing (2009), “Securing Property Rights in Transition: Lessons from Implementation of China’s Rural Land Contracting Law,” Journal of Economic Behavior & Organisation (70): 2238
Demsetz, Harold (1967), “Toward a Theory of Property Rights,” American Economic Review 62: 347359
Deng, Ke (2001), “Tudi Neng Baozhang Nongmin Shenme?” (What can Land Guarantee for the Farmer?) Nanfang Zhoumo, 14 June, p. 3
Deng, Quheng, and Gustafsson, Bjorn (2014), “The Hukou Converters – China’s Lesser Known Rural to Urban Migrants,” Journal of Contemporary China 23(88): 657679
Deng, Xiaoping (1980), “Dang he guojia lingdao zhidu de gaige,” (Institutional Change of the Party and the State) 18 August, in Xiaoping, Deng (ed.), Deng Xiaoping Wenxuan 1975–1982. Beijing: Renmin Chubanshe
De Soto, Hernando (2000), The Mystery of Capital: Why Capitalism Triumphs in the West and Fails Everywhere Else. New York: Basic Books
Diamond, Larry, and Myers, Ramon H. (2000), “Elections and Democracy in Greater China”, The China Quarterly, 162(June): 365–86
Diermeyer, Daniel, Ericson, J. M., Frye, T. and Lewis, S. (1997), “Credible Commitment and Property Rights: the Role of Strategic Interaction between Political and Economic Actors,” in The Political Economy of Property Rights, Weimer, David L. (ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 2042
DiMaggio, Paul J., and Powell, Walter W. (1983), “The Iron Cage Revisited: Institutional Isomorphism and Collective Rationality in Organizational Fields,” American Sociological Review 48(2): 147160
Ding, Dahua (2008), “Shi suo hanjian de hongweibing chaojia zhanguo zhanlanhui” (Rare exhibition of loot from Red Guards’ searches and confiscations), Wenshi Jinghua 121(1): 2631
Dixon, Adam D. (2012), “Function before Form: Macro-Institutional Comparison and the Geography of Finance.” Journal of Economic Geography 12(3): 579600
Dodds, Kieran, “Promised Land,” The South China Morning Post, Post Magazine, 6 January 2013, pp. 1 and 1215
Dong, S. K., Gao, H. W., Xu, G. C., Hou, X. Y., Long, R. J., Kang, M. Y. and Lassoie, J. P. (2007), “Farmer and Professional Attitudes to the Large-Scale Ban on Livestock Grazing of Grasslands in China,” Environmental Conservation 34: 246254
Dongfang Caifuwang (2014), “Zhongguo zuixin shida guicheng, biandi fangzi huangliang de xiaren” (China’s latest top ten ghost towns, houses over and over are often scary), Fenghuangwang, 4 December, at http://finance.eastmoney.com/news/1345,20141204453441295_0.html, accessed on 27 October 2015
Dorner, Peter (1972), Land Reform and Economic Development. London: Penguin
Dowding, Keith, Goodin, Robert E. and Pateman, Carole (2004), Justice and Democracy: Essays for Brian Barry. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Dowson, Ernest K. B., and Sheppard, V. L. O. (1956), Land Registration. London: H. M. Stationary Office
Du, Fachun (2012), “Ecological Resettlement of Tibetan Herders in the Sanjiangyuan: a Case Study in Madoi County of Qinghai”, Nomadic Peoples, 16(1): 116133(18)
Duesenberry, James S. (1960), “Comments,” in Demographic and Economic Change in Developed Countries. National Bureau of Economic Research, pp. 231234
Durkheim, Emile (1915), The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life: a Study in Religious Sociology, translated by Swain, Joseph Ward. New York: Macmillan
The Economist (2015), “Why China’s Economy Is Slowing,” The Economist, 11 March, at www.economist.com/blogs/economist-explains/2015/03/economist-explains-8, accessed on 15 January 2016
Editorial (2009), “Wanzheng dixia shichang yi xingcheng Shenzhen xiaochanquan fang chuanqi yigen liantiao” (A complete underground market has emerged, Small Property Rights Housing in Shenzhen has formed an entire chain), Yangcheng Wanbao, 14 June, p. A6, also at www.ycwb.com/ePaper/ycwb/html/2009–06/14/content_520891.htm, accessed on 12 October 2014
Editorial (2010), “China will have pilots for services for mortgage of rural land rights” (zhongguo jiang shidian nongcun tudi quanyi diya daikuan yewu), Wangyi Caijing, 28 July, at http://money.163.com/10/0728/17/6CMP0UDN00253B0H.html, accessed 29 July 2012
Ehrlich, Paul R., and Raven, Peter H. (1964), “Butterflies and Plants: a Study in Coevolution,” Evolution 18: 568608
Eldredge, Niles, and Gould, Stephen Jay (1972), “Punctuated Equilibria: an Alternative to Phyletic Gradualism,” in Schopf, T. J. M. (ed.), Models in Paleobiology. San Francisco: Freeman Cooper, pp. 82115
Ellickson, Robert C. (2012), “The Costs of Complex Land Titles: Two Examples From China”, Faculty Scholarship Series. Paper 3604, Yale Law School, pp. 123, at http://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/fss_papers/3604/, accessed 20 April 2016
Eurostat (2013), “Housing Statistics,” March Version, available at: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/statistics_explained/index.php/Housing_statistics, accessed on 11 October 2014
Evans, Peter (1995), Embedded Autonomy: States and Industrial Transformation. Princeton: Princeton University Press
Everingham, Mark (2001), “Agricultural Property Rights and Political Change in Nicaragua,” Latin American Politics and Society 43(3): 6193
Fan, Shengyue, Zhou, Lihua and Ma, Yonghuan (2005), “Ningxia Yanchi xian shengtai baohu zhengce dui nonghu de yingxiang,” (The effects of environmental protection policies on farm households in Yanchi County, Ningxia), Zhongguo renkou ziyuan yu huanjing 15(3): 124128
Fang, Weilan (ed.) (1998), “Zhonghua renmin gongheguo tudi guanlifa shiyong jianghua” (A Practical Discussion of the Land Administration Law of the People’s Republic of China). Beijing: Zhongguo Minzhu Fazhi Chubanshe
FAO (ed.) (2006), Compendium of Food and Agriculture Indicators 2006, Section: Country China, prepared by ESSGA, November, FAOSTAT, Rome, at www.fao.org/ES/ess/compendium_2006/pdf/CPR_ESS_E.pdf, accessed on 6 December 2008
Farmer, J. Doyne, and Foley, Duncan (2009), “The Economy Needs Agent-Based Modeling,” Nature 460(6): 685686
Farrell, Henry, and Knight, Jack (2003), “Trust, Institutions and Institutional Change: Industrial Districts and the Social Capital Hypothesis,” Politics and Society 31(4, December): 537566
Fawcett, Louise (2013), “The Iraq War Ten Years on: Assessing the Fallout,” International Affairs 89(2): 325343
Fellner, William(1979), “The Credibility of Effect and Rational Expectations: Implications of the Gramlich Study,” Brookings Paper Economic Act 1: 167–89
Fellner, William (1976), Towards a Reconstruction of Macroeconomics – Problems of Theory and Policy. Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute
Feng, Hua and Chen, Renze (2013), “Chen Xiwen: Nongcun tudi zhidu gaige, santiao dixian buneng tupo” (Chen Xiwen: Reform of the rural land system, there can be no breakthroughs on three bottom lines), Renminwang – Renmin Ribao, 5 December, available at http://theory.people.com.cn/n/2013/1205/c40531-23749491.html, accessed on 9 December 2013
Feng, Lei, Jiang, Yan, Ye, Jianping and Zhu, Keliang (2013), “Zhongguo nongcun tudi tiaozheng zhidu bianqian zhong de nonghu taidu – Jiyu 1999–2010 nian 17 sheng diaocha de shizheng fenxi” (Attitudes of farm households in the institutional transition of China’s rural land readjustments: an empirical analysis of surveys in 17 provinces from 1999–2010), Guanli Shijie, No. 7, pp. 4458
Feng, Xiao (2006), “Xin xing nongcun hezuo yiliao chouzi lujing de shijian yu tansuo” (Practice and Exploration of the Paths for Medical Financing of the New Rural Cooperative), Nongye Jishu Jingji, No. 2, pp. 1822
Ferguson, Adam (1782), An Essay on the History of Civil Society, 5th edition, originally published in 1767, London: T. Cadell
Feuerwerker, Albert (1983), “Economic Trends, 1912–49,” in Fairbank, John K. (ed.), Cambridge History of China, Vol. 12: Republican China, 1912–1949, Part 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 28127
Fisher, Franklin M. (1989), Disequilibrium Foundations of Equilibrium Economics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Flannery, Russell (2003), “China’s 100 Richest 2003,” Forbes, at www.forbes.com/2003/10/29/chinaland.html, accessed on 2 August 2007
Ford, Peter (2010), “Beijing Resident Battles to Rebuild Home Seized in China’s Cultural Revolution,” Christian Science Monitor, 15 December, at www.csmonitor.com/World/Asia-South-Central/2010/1215/Beijing-resident-battles-to-rebuild-home-seized-in-China-s-Cultural-Revolution, accessed on 23/6/2015
Freeman, Alan, and Carchedi, Guglielmo (1995), “Foreword,” in Freeman, Alan and Carchedi, Guglielmo (eds.), Marx and Non-Equilibrium Economics. Aldershot: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited
Friedman, Milton (1953), Essays in Positive Economics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press
Frye, Timothy (2004), “Credible Commitment and Property Rights: Evidence from Russia,” American Political Science Review 98(3, August): 453466
Furubotn, Eirik G. (1989), “Distributional Issues in Contracting for Property Rights – Comment,” Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics 145: 2531
Furukawa, Yuichi (2007), “The Protection of Intellectual Property Rights and Endogenous Growth: Is Stronger Always Better?,” Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control 31(11): 36443670
Galiania, Sebastian, and Schargrodsky, Ernesto (2010), “Property Rights for the Poor: Effects of Land Titling,” Journal of Public Economics 94(9–10): 700729
Gan, Li, Yin, Zhichao, Jia, Nan and Xu, Shu (2012), Zhongguo jiating jinrong diaocha baogao (China Household Finance Survey Report), Chengdu: Xinan Caijing Daxue
Gao, Shengping, and Liu, Shouying (2007), “Zhaijidi shiyongquan chushi qude zhidu yanjiu” (Study on Original Acquirement of Land Use Right for Farmers’ Housing), Zhongguo Tudi Kexue, No. 2, 2007, pp. 3137
Garber, Peter M. (1990), “Famous First Bubbles,” The Journal of Economic Perspectives 4(2): 3554
Ge, Yansong (2013), “Guanyu jiaqiang Mile Shi nongcun zhaijidi guanli de sikao” (Reflections on strengthening the management of rural housing land in Mile Municipality), 15 November, Honghe Zhou, Mile Shi: Yunnan Sheng Guotu Ziyuanting, at www.yndlr.gov.cn/old/xj5_model/article.aspx?nid=186303&departmentid=743, accessed on 25 June 2014
Anhao, Gezi (2012), “Zhege Jinmu Chufa you Biaozhun Mei?” (Are there any standards for the penalties of this grazing ban?), question posted on wenwen.soso.com, at 20 June, at http://wenwen.soso.com/z/q385591618.htm, accessed on 12 August 2013
Giles, John, Park, Albert and Cai, Fang (2006), “How Has Economic Restructuring Affected China’s Urban Workers?,” The China Quarterly 185(March): 6195
Gladney, Dru (2004), Dislocating China: Muslims, Minorities, and Other Subaltern Subjects. Chicago: University of Chicago
Glaeser, Edward L., LaPorta, Rafael, López-de-Silanes, Florencio and Shleifer, Andrei (2004), “Do Institutions Cause Growth?,” Journal of Economic Growth 9(3): 271303
Global Economy (2014a), “Spain Corruption Perceptions,” based on Transparency International data, available at www.theglobaleconomy.com/Spain/transparency_corruption/, accessed on 20 March 2015
Global Economy (2014b), “India Corruption Perceptions,” based on Transparency International data, available at www.theglobaleconomy.com/India/transparency_corruption/, accessed on 20 March 2015
Godefroit, Pascal, Cau, Andrea, Dong-Yu, Hu, Escuillié, François, Wenhao, Wu and Dyke, Gareth (2013), “A Jurassic Avialan Dinosaur from China Resolves the Early Phylogenetic History of Birds,” Nature, No. 498, pp. 359362
Gonzalez, Carmen G. (2009), “Squatters, Pirates, and Entrepreneurs: Is Informality the Solution to the Urban Housing Crisis?,” University of Miami Inter-American Law Review 40(2): 239259
Gould, David M., and Gruben, William C. (1996), “The Role of Intellectual Property Rights in Economic Growth,” Journal of Development Economics 48(2): 323350
Gould, Stephen Jay (2002), The Structure of Evolutionary Theory. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
Grabel, Ilene (2000), “The Political Economy of ‘Policy Credibility’: the New-Classical Macroeconomics and the Remaking of Emerging Economies,” Cambridge Journal of Economics 24(1): 119
Granovetter, Mark (1984), “Economic Action and Social Structure: the Problem of Embeddedness,” American Journal of Sociology 91(3): 481510
Gray, Jack (1990), Rebellions and Revolutions: China from the 1800s to the 1980s. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Griffin, Larry J. (1993), “Narrative, Event-Structure, and Causal Interpretation in Historical Sociology,” American Journal of Sociology 98(5): 10941133
Griffiths, Daniel (2005), “China Faces Growing Land Disputes,” 2 August, BBC NEWS at http://news.bbc.co.uk/go/pr/fr/-/2/hi/asia-pacific/4728025.stm, accessed on 25 April 2007
Groenewegen, John (2011), “Evolution and Design of Institutions Supporting Liberalization,” in Finger, Matthias and Kunneke, Rolf W. (eds.), International Handbook of Network Industries: the Liberalization of Infrastructure. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing
Groenewegen, John, and Vromen, Jack (1997), “Theory of the Firm Revisited: New and Neo-institutional Perspectives,” in Magnusson, Lars and Ottoson, Jan (eds.), Evolutionary Economics and Path Dependence. Cheltenham UK and Brookfield US: Edward Elgar Publishing
Gu, Angran (2009), Huigu: Wo jingli de lifa gongzuo (Retrospect: My legislative work). Beijing: Falü Chubanshe
Guangdong Provincial Government (2005), “Guangdongsheng Jiti Jianshedi Shiyongquan Liuzhuan Guanli Banfa” (Administrative Regulations for the Circulation of Land Use Rights of Collective Construction Land of Guangdong Province), Guangdongsheng Renmin Zhengfu Ling (Decree of the People’s Government of Guangdong Province), No. 100, 23 June, p. 1
Guhan, S. (1994), “Social Security Options for Developing Countries,” International Labour Review 133(1): 3553
Guo, Xiaolin (2001), “Land Expropriation and Rural Conflicts in China,” The China Quarterly, No. 166, pp. 422439
Haber, Stephen., Razo, Amando, and Maurer, Noel (2003), The Politics of Property Rights: Political Instability, Credible Commitments and Economic Growth in Mexico, 1876–1929. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Hai, Xiaonuo (2011), “You yige cunzi zhiyou yige fandian, suoyou ren dou bixu qu najia fandian chifan” (In one village there was only a single restaurant, everybody had to go there to eat), 12 September, at www.douban.com/note/172132059/, accessed on 12 December 2015
Haikou Municipality (2011), “Haikou nongcun zhaijidi quequan dengji fazheng jihua shi yuefen jieshu” (Haikou: Plan for the Issue of Permits for Titling Rural Housing Land Completed by October), Haikou Wanbao, 21 June, available at www.hq.xinhuanet.com/house/2011–06/21/content_23061693_1.htm accessed on 8 June 2012
Hale, Henry E. (2013), “Regime Change Cascades: What We Have Learned from the 1848 Revolutions to the 2011 Arab Uprisings,” Annual Review of Political Science, No. 16, pp. 331353
Hallagan, William (1978), “Self-Selection by Contractual Choice and the Theory of Sharecropping,” Bell Journal of Economics 9(2): 344354
Han, Binghua (2005), “An Empirical Study on China’s Rural Land Readjustments and Its Influencing Factors” (woguo nongcun tudi tiaozheng ji qi yingxiang yinsu de shizheng yanjiu), Shengtai Jingji, (8), August, pp. 2427
Han, Jun (2009), “Caoyuan shengtai zhili yu muqu fazhan” (Development of the pastoral region and ecological governance of grassland), in Han, Jun, Wanshan Caoyuan Shengtai Zhili Zhengce Diaocha Yanjiu, (Survey Research on Perfecting Policies for Ecological Governance of the Grasslands), Final Project Report, Beijing: Research Department for Rural Economy of the Development Research Center of the State Council, pp. 946989
Hannan, Michael T., and Freeman, John (1977), “The Population Ecology of Organizations,” American Journal of Sociology 82(5): 929964
Hao, Shuai (2015), “Zhuanjia: Nongcun tudi quequan dengji mianlian duozhong kunnan” (Experts say: Rural land titling and registration faces many different difficulties), Zhongguo Qingnianbao, 5 February, p. 6, at http://zqb.cyol.com/html/2015–02/05/nw.D110000zgqnb_20150205_2–06.htm, accessed on 3 January 2016
Harris, Richard B. (2010), “Rangeland Degradation on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau: a Review of the Evidence of Its Magnitude and Causes,” Journal of Arid Environments 74: 112
Hawley, Amos H. (1968), “Human Ecology,” in Sills, D. L. (ed.), International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. New York: Macmillan, pp. 328337
Hayek, Friedrich A. (1976), Law, Legislation and Liberty, Vol. II: The Mirage of Social Justice. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul
Hayek, Friedrich A. (1978), “The Results of Human Action but Not of Human Design,” in Hayek, Friedrich A., New Studies in Philosophy, Politics, Economics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 96105
He, Donghang, and Zhu, Dongliang (2008), Guanyu dangqian xin jiti linquan zhidu gaige ruogan zhongda wenti de tantao (A discussion of several important questions on the new collective forest rights’ institutional reform), Project Approval Number 08BZZ040, Progress Project Report, Beijing: Social Science Foundation
He, Xuefeng (2015) “Tudi chengbao jingyingquan quequan weishenme cuo le” (Why titling the land contract management right is a mistake), Hexunwang, 15 November, at http://news.hexun.com/2015–11-15/180576760.html, accessed on 3 January 2016
Hegedüs, Jozsef., and Tosics, Iván (1996), Transition of the Housing Sector in the Central-East European Countries, Urban Institute and Metropolitan Research Institute, Budapest Hungary and Washington DC: Urban Institute
Heijmans, Bastiaan T., Tobi, Elmar W., Stein, Aryeh D., Putter, Hein, Blauw, Gerard J., Susser, Ezra S., Slagboom, P. Eline and Lumeye, L. H. (2008), “Persistent Epigenetic Differences Associated with Prenatal Exposure to Famine in Humans,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 105(44): 1704617049
Heilmann, Gerhard (1926), The Origin of Birds. London: Witherby
Heilongjiang Forestry Bureau (1998), “Heilongjiang sheng youguan bumen, zhuanjia he jiceng zuzhi guanyu ‘tudi guanlifa’ (xiuzheng’an) de yijian” (“Remarks on the ‘Land Administration Law (Revised Draft)’ by Relevant Departments, Several Experts and Grassroots Units of Heilongjiang Province”), in NPC Legislative Work Committee (ed.). Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Tudi Guanlifa Shiyi (An Interpretation of the Land Administration Law of the People’s Republic of China). Beijing: Falü Chubanshe.
Helliwell, John F. (1994), “Empirical Linkages between Democracy and Economic Growth,” British Journal of Political Science 24(2): 225248
Henan Provincial Land Administration (2009), “Guanyu zuohao nongcun jiti tudi dengji gongzuo de tongzhi” (Notice on doing well the work of rural collective land titling), Notice No. 33, 16 March
Ho, Peter (2000a), “The Myth of Desertification at China’s Northwestern Frontier (1929–1960),” Modern China 26(3): 348395
Ho, Peter (2000b), “The Clash over State and Collective Property: the Making of the Rangeland Law,” The China Quarterly 161(March): 227250
Ho, Peter (2000c), “China’s Rangelands under Stress: a Comparative Study of Pasture Commons in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region,” Development and Change 31(2): 385412
Ho, Peter (2001), “Rangeland Degradation in North China Revisited? a Preliminary Statistical Analysis to Validate Non-Equilibrium Range Ecology,” Journal of Development Studies 37(3): 99132
Ho, Peter (2003a), “The Wasteland Auction Policy in Northwest China: Solving Rural Poverty and Environmental Degradation?,” Journal of Peasant Studies 30(3/4, April/July): 121159
Ho, Peter (2003b) “Contesting Rural Spaces: Land Disputes, Customary Tenure and the State in China,” in Perry, E. J. and Selden, M. (eds.), Chinese Society: Change, Conflict and Resistance, New York: Routledge
Ho, Peter (2005), Institutions in Transition: Land Ownership, Property Rights and Social Conflict in China. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Ho, Peter (2006), “Credibility of Institutions: Forestry, Social Conflict and Titling in China,” Land Use Policy 23(4): 588603
Ho, Peter (2008), “Land Markets, Property and Disputes in China,” in Spoor, Max (ed.), The Political Economy of Rural Livelihoods in Transition Economies: Land, Peasants and Rural Poverty in Transition. London: Routledge
Ho, Peter (2010), “Land Disputes, Customary Law and the State in China”, in Perry, E. J. and Selden, M. (eds.), Chinese Society: Change, Conflict and Resistance. New York: Routledge
Ho, Peter (2013), “In Defense of Endogenous, Spontaneously Ordered Development: the Institutional Structure of China’s Rural Urban Property Rights,” Journal of Peasant Studies 40(6): 132
Ho, Peter (2014), “The ‘Credibility Thesis’ and Its Application to Property Rights: (In)secure Land Tenure and Social Welfare in China,” Land Use Policy 40(September): 1327
Ho, Peter (2015), “Myths of Tenure Security and Titling: Endogenous, Institutional Change of China’s Housing and Land,” Land Use Policy 47: 352364
Ho, Peter, and Azadi, Hossein (2010), “Degradation of Grassland in China: Pastoralists’ Perceptions of Ecological Change, Socio-Economic Factors and Range Management,” Environmental Research, 110(3): 302307
Ho, Peter, and Edmonds, Richard L. (eds.) (2011), China’s Embedded Activism: Limitations and Constraints of a Social Movement, 2nd edition. New York: Routledge
Ho, Peter, and Spoor, Max (2006), “Whose Land? The Political Economy of Cadastral Development in Transitional States,” Land Use Policy 23(4): 580587
Ho, Samuel P. S., and Lin, George C. S. (2003), See “Emerging Land Markets in Rural and Urban China,” The China Quarterly (175, September): 681707
Ho, Samuel P. S., and Lin, George C. S. (2004) “Non-Agricultural Land Use in Post-Reform China,” The China Quarterly 179: 758781
Hodgson, Geoffrey (2001), How Economics Forgot History: The Problem of Historical Specificity in Social Science. London: Routledge
Hodgson, Geoffrey (2004), The Evolution of Institutional Economics: Agency, Structure and Darwinism in American Institutionalism. London: Routledge
Honoré, A. M. (1961) “Ownership,” in Guest, Anthony G. (ed.), Oxford Essays in Jurisprudence. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 107147
Hoogewerf, Rupert (2002), “China’s 100 Richest 2002,” Forbes, at www.forbes.com/lists/2002/10/24/chinaland.html, accessed on 2 August 2007
Hou, Xiangyang, Li, Yang and Ying, Han (2008), “Shishi caoyuan shengtai buchang de yiyi, qushi he jianyi” (Significance, trends and suggestions concerning the implementation of grassland ecological subsidies), Zhongguo Caodi Xuebao 30(5): 16
Hou, Yongzhou (2009), “Housing Price Bubbles in Beijing and Shanghai? a Multi-Indicator Analysis,” International Journal of Housing Markets and Analysis 3(1): 1737
Hsieh, Chiao-Min (2016), “Ningxia,” Encyclopeadia Britannica, at www.britannica.com/place/Ningxia, accessed on 3 February 2016
Hsing, You-tien (2010), The Great Urban Transformation: Politics of Land and Property in China. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Hsing, You-tien (2006), “Land and Territorial Politics in Urban China,” The China Quarterly (187, September): 575591
Hu, Angang, and Shaoguang, Wang (1999), The Political Economy of Uneven Development: the Case of China. Armonk, NY: ME Sharpe
Hu, Chuanrong (2007), Zhongguo tudi diaocha yu dengji zhidu fazhan yu xianzhuang (diaocha bufen), (Development and Current Situation of the Land Survey and Registration System in China – Research Section), 2007, January conference, available at www.landregistry.ie/uploadedfiles/conference20071/papers/China_paper.pdf, accessed on 9 April 2012
Hu, Cunzhi (ed.) (1998), Tudi Dengji Lilun yu Fangfa (Theory and Methods of Land Registration), Vol. I. Beijing: Zhongguo Nongye Chubanshe
Hua, Xinmin (2007), “Dachai dajian huoqi tudi chubei zhidu” (Major demolition and construction is a disaster from the land reserve system), Nanfang Zhoumo, 15 August, at www.infzm.com/content/8283, accessed on 12 February 2014
Huai, Ruogu (2013), “Shaanxi Fangjie bei baoguang fangchan yi da 12 tao, qi di bei daizou xiecha” (Exposed property of Property Sister from Shaanxi has reached twelve, her brother taken away for investigation), Jinghua Shibao, 27 January, at news.sina.com.cn/c/2013–01-27/054926132519.shtml, accessed on 5 February 2013
Huang, Guangming (2001), “Xin Tudi Geming” (The New Land Revolution), Nanfang Zhoumo (14 June), p. 1
Huang, Jikun, Zhi, Huayong, Huang, Zhurong, Rozelle, Scott and Giles, John (2011), “The Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on Off-farm Employment and Earnings in Rural China,” World Development 39(5): 797807
Huang, Songyou (ed.) (2007), Zhonghua renmin gongheguo wuquanfa tiaowen de lijie yu shiyong (Understanding and Applying the Property Law of the People’s Republic of China). Beijing: Renmin Fayuan Chubanshe
Huang, Youqin (2004) “The Road to Home Ownership: a Longitudinal Analysis of Tenure Transition in Urban China (1949–94),” International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 28: 774795
Huang, Yong (2011), “guizhou qidong tudi chengbaoquan he zhaijidi shiyongquan diyadaikuan shidian” (Guizhou starts pilot for mortgage of use rights housing land and land contract right), Xinhuawang, 15 August, http://news.cd.soufun.com/2011–08-15/5662324_all.html, accessed 29 July 2012
Huang, Youqin, and Clark, William A. V. (2002), “Housing Tenure Choice in Transitional Urban China: a Multilevel Analysis,” Urban Studies 39(1): 732
Huang, Youqing, and Chengdong, Yi (2011), “Second Home Ownership in Transitional Urban China,” Housing Studies 26(3): 423447
Huang, Yuxiang, and Miao, Lina (2013), “Wenzhou chengli quanguo shouge you faren zige de yezhu dahui, ke duli da guansi” (Wenzhou has established the nation’s first home-owners’ assembly with legal personality, it can independently litigate), Xinhua Wang, 10 March, at news.xinhuanet.com/fortune/2013-03/10/c_114965466.htm, accessed on 15 January 2015
Hui, Eddie C. M., and Wong, Francis K. W. (2006), “Affordable Housing in China,” Habitat International 30(2): 275276
Huntington, Samuel (1968), Political Order in Changing Societies. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press
Hurun (2011), Top 50 Hurun Rich List, 7 September, at www.hurun.net/usen/newsshow.aspx?nid=151, accessed on 22 May 2012
Huxley, Thomas H. (1870), “Further Evidence of the Affinity between the Dinosaurian Reptiles and Birds,” Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 26: 1231
Ilbery, Brian W. (1984), “Farm Fragmentation in the Vale of Evesham,” Area 16: 159165
Inglehart, Ronald (1997), Modernization and Postmodernization: Cultural, Economic, and Political Change in 43 Societies. Princeton: Princeton University Press
Institute for Marketing Information (ed.) (2003), IMI Consumer Behaviour and Life Pattern Yearbook 2003–2004, Part III. Beijing: Zhongguo Wujia Chubanshe
Isaac, Larry W. (1997), “Transforming Localities: Reflections on Time, Causality, and Narrative in Contemporary Historical Sociology,” Historical Methods 30(1): 412
Issawi, Charles (1957), “Farm Output under Fixed Rents and Share Tenancy,” Land Economics 38: 7477
Javorcik, Beata Smarzynska (2004), “The Composition of Foreign Direct Investment and Protection of Intellectual Property Rights: Evidence from Transition Economies,” European Economic Review 48(1): 3962
JHM782 (2014), Guojia fa de tudi shiyongzheng weishenme meiyou yong ne? (Why does the state-issued land use permit have no use then?), posted on 30 May, at tieba.baidu.com/p/3074784937, accessed on 11 January 2015
Ji, Hongchu (2015), “Dui shengji ‘bianjie jiufen’ bie diao yi qing xin” (Provincial ‘border disputes’ should not be taken lightly), Xinjing Bao, 8 December, p. A03, at http://epaper.bjnews.com.cn/html/2015–12/08/content_611814.htm?div=-1, accessed on 10 December 2015
Jia, Xiaoli (2005), “Beijing daduo maifangren mei lingguo xiao tudizheng, wuzheng ancang fengxian” (Most house buyers in Beijing did not get a small land permit, no permits hides risk), original source from Beijing Chenbao, 11 October 2005, at http://news.xinhuanet.com/house/2005–10/11/content_3603998.htm, accessed on 18 December 2012
Jia, Zhuo, Li, Yanchun and Naiping, Song, (2008), “Jinmu zhengce dui nongmu jiaocuodai dianxingqu muye de yingxiang” (Effects of the Grazing Ban policy on animal husbandry in typical areas in the agro-pastoral region), Shuitu Baochi Tongbao 28(4): 166169
Jiang, Ping, and Li, Guoguang (2007), Wuquanfa yinan wenti jingda (Answers to problematic questions about the Property Law), Beijing: Renmin Fayuan Chubanshe
Jiang, Yang (2007), “Chengdu Xiaochanquan fang biandi kaihua, qi muhou tuishou shi shei?” (Who Is Behind the Small Property Rights’ Housing that blossoms in Chengdu?), Xinmin Zhoukan, 26 September, at http://news.fdc.com.cn/lsdt/159867.htm, accessed on 24 May 2015
Jiang, Yunzhang (2014), Xiao chanquanfang jiang you wang fenlei chuli, zhaijidi gaige shang cun fenqi (Hope for differentiated treatment of Small Property Rights Housing, still divergence of opinion over reform rural housing land), Xinhuawang, at news.xinhuanet.com/house/sy/2014–01-26/c_119130581.htm, accessed on 22 January 2015
Jiang, Zhiyi (2012), “Xiaochanquan fang de fuli jingjixue fenxi” (A social welfare economics analysis of Small Property Rights Housing), Zhongguo yejin jiaoyu, No. 5, pp. 8287
Johnson, D. G. (1973), World Agriculture in Disarray. New York: St. Martin’s Press
Johnson, Miriam M. (1993), “Functionalism and Feminism: Is Estrangement Necessary?” in England, Paula (ed.), Theory on Gender, Feminism on Theory. Hawthorne, NY: Aldine de Gruyter, pp. 115130
Jorilt (2013), “Shuoshuo wo zhidao de jinmu zhengce” (Let me tell you what I know about the Grazing Ban”, blog posted on 14 March, 21:53, at http://tieba.baidu.com/p/2211633334, accessed on 18 December 2013
Kassie, Menale, and Holden, Stein (2007), “Sharecropping Efficiency in Ethiopia: Threats of Eviction and Kinship,” Agricultural Economics 37(2–3): 179188
Kennedy, Gavin (2012), “For the Loss of a Footnote a Theory Is Compromised”, blogged at http://adamsmithslostlegacy.blogspot.nl/2012/03/for-loss-of-footnote-theory-is.html, Saturday, 10 March, accessed on 4 June 2014
Keynes, John Maynard (1936), The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money. New York: Harcourt Brace and Company
Keyssar, Alexander (2000), The Right to Vote: the Contested History of Democracy in the United States. New York: Basic Books
Khanna, Tarun and Palepu, Krishna (2010), Winning in Emerging Markets: a Roadmap for Strategy and Execution. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business School Press
Kiddle, Gabriel Luke (2010), “Key Theory and Evolving Debates in International Housing Policy: from Legalisation to Perceived Security of Tenure Approaches,” Geography Compass 4(7): 881892
Kim, Yee Kyoung, Lee, Keun, Park, Walter G. and Choo, Kineung (2012), “Appropriate Intellectual Property Protection and Economic Growth in Countries at Different Levels of Development,” Research Policy 41(2): 358375
King, R. R., Smith, V. L., Williams, A. W. and van Boening, M. V. (1993), “The Robustness of Bubbles and Crashes in Experimental Stock Markets,” in Day, R. H. and Chen, P. (eds.), Nonlinear Dynamics and Evolutionary Economics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 183200
King, Winter (2003), “Illegal Settlements and the Impact of Titling Programs,” Harvard International Law Journal 44(2): 433444
Kingston, Christopher, and Caballero, Gonzalo (2009), “Comparing theories of Institutional Change,” Journal of Institutional Economics 5(02, August): 151180
Kiser, Larry, and Ostrom, Elinor (1982), “The Three Worlds of Action: a Metatheoretical Synthesis of Institutional Approaches,” in Ostrom, Elinor (ed.), Strategies of Political Inquiry. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications
Knack, Stephen, and Keefer, Philip (1997), “Does Social Capital Have an Economic Payoff? a Cross-Country Investigation,” The Quarterly Journal of Economics, November, 12511288
Knight, Jack (1998), Institutions and Social Conflict. 4th edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Kohli, Atul, and Shue, Vivienne (1994), “State Power and Social Forces: on Political Contention and Accomodation in the Third World,” in Kohli, Atul, Shue, Vivienne, Migdal, Joel S., (eds.), State Power and Social Forces: Domination and Transformation in the Third World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 293326
Kong, Tao, Unger, Jonathan and Liu, Pengling (2014), “Nongcun chengbaodi tiaozheng de shizheng yanjiu – Tongguo cunmin xiaozu shuju de fenxi” (Empirical research on Readjustments of Rural Contract Land: An analysis based on villagers’ group data), Nongye Jingji Wenti 11: 8797
Koonin, Eugene V., and Wolf, Yuri I. (2009), “Is Evolution Darwinian or/and Lamarckian?,” Biology Direct 42(4): 110
Kosareva, Nadezhda., and Struyk, Raymond (1993), “Housing Privatization in the Russian Federation,” Housing Policy Debate 4(1): 81100
Krueger, Anne (1974), “The Political Economy of the Rent-Seeking Society,” American Economic Review 64(3): 291303
Kumar, Kundan, and Kerr, John M. (2013), “Territorialisation and Marginalisation in the Forested Landscapes of Orissa, India,” Land Use Policy January 30(1): 885894
Kung, James Kai-sing (2000), “Common Property Rights and Land Reallocations in Rural China: Evidence from a Village Survey”, World Development 28(4, April): 701719
Kung, James Kai-sing, and Liu, Shouying (1997), “‘Farmers’ Preferences Regarding Ownership and Land Tenure in Post-Mao China: Unexpected Evidence from Eight Counties,” The China Journal 38(July): 3363
Kung, James Kai-sing, and Cai, Yong-Shun (2000), “Property Rights and Fertilizing Practices in Rural China: Evidence from Northern Jiangsu,” Modern China 26(3 July): 276308
Kung, James, Cai, Yongshun and Sun, Xiulin (2009), “Rural Cadres and Governance in China: Incentive, Institution and Accountability,” The China Journal 62: 6177
Kuran, Timur (2012), “The Economic Roots of Political Underdevelopment in the Middle East: a Historical Perspective,” Southern Economic Journal 78(4): 10861095
Kydland, Finn E. and Prescott, Edward C. (1977). “Rules Rather Than Discretion,” Journal of Political Economy June, 85(3): 473–91
La Porta, Rafael, Lopez-de-Silanes, Florencio, Shleifer, Andrei and Vishny, Robert (1998), “Law and Finance,” Journal of Political Economy, 106(6): 11131155
Lamarck, Jean-Baptiste (1914), Zoological Philosophy. An Exposition with Regard to the Natural History of Animals (French title: Philosophie zoologique, ou exposition des considérations relatives à l’histoire naturelle des animaux), first published in 1809, Translated by Elliot, Hugh, London: Macmillan
Lanjouw, Jean O., and Levy, Philip I. (1998), “Untitled: a Study of Formal and Informal Property Rights in Urban Ecuador”, Yale Economic Growth Center Discussion Paper, No. 788
Lardy, Nicholas R. (1987), “Economic Recovery and the 1st Five-Year Plan,” in MacFarquhar, Roderick and Fairbank, John K. (eds.), Cambridge History of China, Vol. 14: The People’s Republic, Part 1: The Emergence of Revolutionary China 1949–1965. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 144184
Lawson, Tony (2013), “What is this ‘School’ Called Neoclassical Economics?,” Cambridge Journal of Economics 37(5): 947983
Leftwich, Adrian (1995), “Bringing Politics Back In: Towards a Model of the Developmental State,” The Journal of Development Studies 31(3): 400427
Legal Daily (2011), “Ningxia chutai fagui baohu caoyuan lindi zhibei” (Ningxia promulgated regulations to protect the vegetation of grassland and forest), Fazhiwang, 12 January, available at www.legaldaily.com.cn/index/content/2011-01/12/content_2436277.htm?node=20908, accessed on 9 December 2013
Leung, Paggie (2012), “Wenzhou’s once-hot housing market comes crashing down,” South China Morning Post, 23 December, at www.scmp.com/news/china/article/1111003/wenzhous-once-hot-housing-market-has-come-crashing-down, accessed on 24 October 2015
Levine, Sheen, and Zajac, Edward (2006), “The Social Life of Financial Bubbles,” 2007 Annual Meeting of the American Economics Association, available at www.aeaweb.org/annual_mtg_papers/2007/0105_0800_1404.pdf, accessed on 15 October 2015
Levine, Sheen, and Zajac, Edward (2009), “When and Where Can Institutionalization Occur? The Case of Price Bubbles in Financial Markets”, SASE Annual Conference, Sciences Po, available at www.wiwiss.fu-berlin.de/forschung/pfadkolleg/downloads/summer_school_2009/Paper_Levine___Zajac.pdf, accessed on 15 October 2015
Li, Cici (ed.) (2011a), “Nongmin zhushang loufang keyong tudi zengjia” (When farmers move to apartments available land increases), Wenzhou Shangbao, 10 June, at http://wzed.66wz.com/html/2011–06/10/content_972822.htm, accessed on 25 May 2015
Li, Jin (2011b), “Nongmu jianying tixi yu Qingzan Gaoyuan caoyuan de kechixu liyong,” (Agro-pastoral Systems and the Sustainable Use of Grasslands at the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau), Yuanshengtai Minzu Wenhua Xuekan 3(1): 1521
Li, Jing (2009), “Wo guo nongcun jiti jingji zuzhi falü diwei fenxi” (An analysis of the legal status of the rural collective economic organization), Shanxi Nongye Daxue Xuebao (Shehuixue ban) 8(5): 529531
Li, Jing (2013), “Losing Patience with Democracy,” South China Morning Post, Focus, 7 March, pp. A45
Li, Le (2014), “Zhaijidi gaige shidian weipo liuzhuan jinqu, 7000 wan tao xiaochuanquanfang zhuangzheng wuwang” (Pilot on reform of rural housing land does not break no-go area of commercial transfers, 70 million Small Property Rights Housing no hopes of being legalized), Zhongguo Jingying Bao, 27 October, at http://news.cb.com.cn/html/economy_9_20628_1.html, accessed on 14 December 2014
Li, Shaomin, Xia, Jun, Long, Cheryl Xiaoning and Tan, Justin (2012), “Control Modes and Outcomes of Transformed State-Owned Enterprises in China: an Empirical Test,” Management and Organization Review, 8(2): 283309
Li, Wenjun, and Huntsinger, L (2011), China’s Grassland Contract Policy and Its Impacts on Herder Ability to Benefit in Inner Mongolia: Tragic Feedbacks. Ecology and Society 16 (2): 1, at www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol16/iss2/art1/
Li, Xiande (2004), “Rethinking the Peasant Burden: Evidence from a Chinese Village,” in Ho, Peter, Eyferth, Jacob, and Vermeer, Eduard B. (eds.), Rural Development in Transitional China: the New Agriculture. London: Routledge, pp. 4574
Li, Xiaohong (2014), “Nongzhuanfei yuleng: 70% de ren bu yuanyi fangqi nongcun huji” (Conversion of rural-to-non-rural meets with disinterest: 70% of people do not want to give up the rural household registration), Sohu News, 13 May, at http://news.sohu.com/20140513/n399470883.shtml, accessed on 6 January 2016
Li, Xin (2006), “Tuimu huancao xiangmu dui Neimenggu mumin shouyi yingxiang de shizheng yanjiu” (Empirical research of the impact of Grain-for-Grass project on herders’ revenues in Inner Mongolia), Nongye Jishu Jingji, No. 3, pp. 6368
Li, Xinde (2006), “Hei Tudi Kuku Zhengzha de Nongmin” (Farmers bitterly fighting over Black Land), pp. 15, 15 July, at www.yuluncn.com/html/redian/2006-7/15/08_26_56_377.html, accessed on 24 August 2006
Li, Zongmin, and Bruce, John (2005), “Gender, Landlessness and Equity in Rural China,” in Ho, Peter (ed.), Developmental Dilemmas: Land Reform and Institutional Change in China. London and New York: Routledge
Liang, Qi, and Hua, Cao (2007), “Property Prices and Bank Lending in China,” Journal of Asian Economics 18(1): 6375
Liao, Hongle (2003), “Readjustment of Rural Contract Land” (nongcun tudi tiaozheng), Zhongguo Nongcun Guancha, (1), January, pp. 4655
Liao, Xiaobin and Jiang, Yang (2005), “Donghu Liyuan: Meng kaishi de difang” (Donghu Liyuan: A place where dreams start), Xiandai wuye, No. 7, pp. 5860
Libecap, Gary D. (1989), “Distributional Issues in Contracting for Property Rights,” Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics 145: 67
Liebowitz, Stan J., and Margolis, Stephen E. (1995), “Path Dependence, Lock-in and History,” Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization 11: 205226
Lin, George C. S. (2009), Developing China: Land, Politics and Social Conditions. London and New York: Routledge
Lin, George C. S., and Ho, Samuel P. S. (2003), “China’s Land Resources and Land-Use Change: Insights from the 1996 Land Survey,” Land Use Policy, 20(2, April): 87107
Lin, George C. S. (2010), “Understanding Land Development Problems in Globalizing China,” Eurasian Geography and Economics 51(1): 80103
Lin, Qiaoting (ed.) (2015a), “Nongyebu jiu tudi chengbao jingyingquan quequan dengji banzheng shidian deng qingkuang juxing fabuhui” (Press Conference on the status of the pilots on titling, registration and issuance of permits of land contract management rights by the Ministry of Agriculture), Zhongyangzhengfu Menhuwangzhan, 27 February, at www.gov.cn/xinwen/2015-02/27/content_2822508.htm, accessed on 3 January 2016
Lin, Yifu (1999), Institutions, Technology and China’s Agricultural Development (zhidu, jishu yu zhongguo nongye fazhan). Shanghai: Shanghai Renmin Chubanshe
Lin, Yuan (2015b), “Nongcun tudi quequan dengji yuanhe yuzu” (Why does the titling and registration of rural land meet with opposition?), Jingji Cankaobao, 23 January, at http://dz.jjckb.cn/www/pages/webpage2009/html/2015-01/23/content_1415.htm, accessed on 2 January 2016
Lipsey, Richard G., and Lancaster, Kelvin (1956), “The General Theory of Second Best,” Review of Economic Studies 24(1): 1132
Liu, Lixia, and Han, Xiping (2006), “Recommendations, Issues and Current Status of the Game between Public and Private Rights of Rural Land Institutions” (nongdi zhidu: ‘gongquan’ yu ‘siquan’ boyi de xianzhang, wenti yu gaige jianyi), Jingji Zongheng, 9, September, pp. 1012
Liu, Xingwang (2014), “Budongchan dengji tiaoli de chutai: Dapi tanguan bi jiang fuchu shuimian” (The introduction of real estate registration regulations: a large number of corrupt officials is bound to emerge), Huaxia Ribao, 11 January, at http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_4f9e00210101rs48.html, accessed on 11 January 2014
Liu, Xinhua (ed.) (1998), Xin Tudi Guanlifa Quanshu (Encyclopedia of the New Land Administration Law), Vol. I. Beijing: Zhongg Wujia Chubanshe
Liu, Xiuhao (2009), Zhang Shuguang: Jingshifang wu xianshi jiazhi (Zhang Shuguang: Affordable Housing has no Realistic Value), Dongfang Zaobao, May 12, at http://finance.sina.com.cn/review/zlhd/20090512/06536212043.shtml, accessed on 12 November 2014
Liu, Xueping (2010a), “Fanggai licheng di yi ci fanggai dashiji” (Chronicle of the course of housing reforms: the first housing reform), Jingji Ribao, 25 March, at www.reformdata.org/content/20100325/6697.html, accessed on 25 April 2014
Liu, Yanhua, Naiping, Song, Tao, Yange and Wang, Lei (2007), “Jinmu zhengce yingxiang xia de nongcun laodongli zhuanyi jizhi fenxi – Yi Ningxia Yanchixian weili” (An analysis of the transfer of rural labor under the influence of the Grazing Ban: A case of Yanchi county, Ningxia), Ziyuan Kexue, Vol. 29, No. 7, pp. 4045
Liu, Yong (2010b), “Guojia dianwang wei fabu 6540 wan tao kongzhifang shuju, gaodang zhufang kongzhilü 26.2%”, (Unpublished data by the State Grid on 65,4 million vacant homes, vacancy rate of luxury residences reaches 26.2%), Huaxia Shibao, 22 May, at http://finance.sina.com.cn/money/roll/20100522/22347986310.shtml, accessed on 26 October 2015
Liu, Yuting, Shenjing, He, Fulong, Wu, Webster, Chris (2010), “Urban Villages under China’s Rapid Urbanization: Unregulated Assets and Transitional Neighbourhoods,” Habitat International 34: 135144
Llewellyn, Karl N. (1934), “The Constitution as an Institution”, Columbia Law Review, Vol. XXXIV. (January) pp. 140
Logan, John R., Bian, Yanjie and Bian, Fuqin (1999), “Housing Inequality in Urban China in the 1990s,” International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 23: 725
Logan, John R., Fang, Yiping and Zhang, Zhanxin (2010), “The Winners in China’s Urban Housing Reform,” Housing Studies 25(1): 101117, DOI: 10.1080/02673030903240660
Long, Gen Ying (2006), “An Institutional Convergence Perspective on China’s Recent Growth Experience: a Research Note,” Papers in Regional Science 85(2): 321330
Long, Xi (ed.) (2010), “Yezhu weiyuanhui keyi da guansi yi you falü yiju”, (There is legal proof that home-owners’ committees can sue), Minzu yu Fazhiwang, 10 August, at www.mzyfz.com/news/times/city/a/20100810/142342.shtml, accessed on 15 January 2015
Longworth, John W., and Williamson, Gregory (1993), China’s Pastoral Region: Sheep and Wool, Minority Nationalities, Grassland Degradation and Sustainable Development. Wallingford: CAB International
Lu, Weihua (2005), “‘Wuquanfa’ Cao’an Quanwen Gongbu Yezhu Gainian Xieru Cao’an” (Full Text of the Draft of the ‘Property Law’ Made Public, Including House Owners’ Ideas into the Draft), Jiaodian Fangdichan Wang (House.focus.cn), p. 3, at http://house.focus.cn/news/2005–07-11/116041.html, accessed at 21 November 2006
Luo, Bote (ed.) (2013), “Budongchan tongyi dengji zhidu tuijin mianlin liang da zuli”, (Advancing a unified real estate registration system faces a large, dual resistance), Zhongguowang, 23 November, at http://finance.china.com.cn/roll/20131123/1995244.shtml, accessed on 25 November 2013
Ma, Kewei (ed.) (1991), Tudi Dacidian (The Great Dictionary on Land). Changchun: Changchun Chubanshe
Ma, Lele, and Li, Weihao (2015), “Guotubu gongbu budongchanquan zhengshu yangshi: Fangchanzheng tudizheng jiang ‘er he yi’” (Land ministry issues sample of real estate permit: House permit and land permit will be united into one), Xiandai Kuaibao, 27 February, p. F2, at http://kb.dsqq.cn/html/2015–02/27/content_386385.htm, accessed on 6 November 2015
Ma, Li (2014), “Cunweihui feifa zhandi jian 240 dong lou, weigui jian xiaochanquan fang” (Village Committee illegally builds 240 properties, Small Property Rights Housing build in violation of regulation), Renminwang, 4 December, at http://house.people.com.cn/n/2014/1204/c164220-26144171.html, accessed on 24 May 2015
Ma, Li, and Wu, Haihua (2007), “Beijing kaicha ‘xiaochanquan’ fang weigui kaifa yao tinggong tingshou” (Beijing starts investigation into ‘Small Property Rights Housing’, those illegally developed must halt construction and sale), Xinhua News Agency, 26 June, at http://news.xinhuanet.com/legal/2007–06/26/content_6291582.htm, accessed on 12 October 2014
Ma, Rong (2006), “Ethnic Relations in Contemporary China: Cultural Tradition and Ethnic Policies since 1949,” Policy and Society 25(1): 85108
Ma, Xiangcong (2007), “China’s Environmental Governance,” China Dialogue, 21 February, at www.chinadialogue.net/article/show/single/en/789-China-s-environmental-governance, accessed on 25 February 2016
Mackerras, Colin (1995), China’s Minority Cultures: Identities and Integration since 1912. Melbourne: Longman Australia, New York: St Martin’s Press
Madsen, Richard (1991), “The Countryside under Communism”, in MacFarquhar, Roderick and Fairbank, John K. (eds.), Cambridge History of China, The People’s Republic, Part 2: Revolutions within the Chinese Revolution 1966–1982, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Mahoney, James (2000), “Path Dependence in Historical Sociology”, Theory and Society 29(4): 507548
Mahoney, James, and Schensul, Daniel (2006), “Historical Context and Path Dependence,” in Goodin, Robert E. and Tilly, Charles (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Contextual Political Analysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Mao, Dan, and Wang, Ping (2004), “Cunji zuzhi de nongdi tiaokongquan” (Village-level Cadres’ Rights and Control over the Distribution of Rural Land), Shehuixue Yanjiu, 6: 4151
Mao, Zedong (1947), “The Present Situation and Our Tasks”, Meeting of the CCP Central Committee, 25 December 1947, Yangjiagou, Mizhi County, Shaanxi, at www.marxists.org/reference/archive/mao/selected-works/volume-4/mswv4_24.htm, accessed on 5 March 2014
Marshall, Alfred (1920), Principles of Economics, 8th edition. London: Macmillan and Co., Ltd.
Martin, Lisa L. (1993), “Credibility, Costs and Institutions: Cooperation on Economic Sanctions,” World Politics 45(3, April): 406432
Martinás, Katalin (2006), “Non-Equilibrium Economics,” Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems 4(2): 6379
Mattei, Dogan (2003), “Conceptions of Legitimacy,” in Encyclopedia of Government and Politics, 2nd edition, vol. 2, Hawkesworth, Mary and Kogan, Maurice (eds.). London: Routledge, pp. 116219
Mayhew, Leon H. (ed.) (1982), Talcott Parsons on Institutions and Social Evolution: Selected Writings. Chicago: University of Chicago Press
Mearns, Robin (1996), “Community, Collective Action and Common Grazing: the Case of Post-Socialist Mongolia,” Journal of Development Studies 32(3): 304305
Menger, Carl (1871), Principles of Economics, 1981 edition. New York: New York University Press
Menger, Carl (1883), Investigations into the Method of the Social Sciences with Special Reference to Economics, 1985 edition. New York: New York University Press
Merkle, Rita (2004), “Ningxia’s Third Road to Rural Development: Resettlement Schemes as a Last Means to Poverty Reduction?,” in Ho, Peter, Eyferth, Jacob, and Vermeer, Eduard B. (eds.), Rural Development in Transitional China: the New Agriculture. New York: Routledge, 160191
Merton, Robert K. (1949), Social Theory and Social Structure, 1957 Reprint, New York: The Free Press
Meyer, John W., and Rowan, Brian (1977), “Institutionalized Organizations: Formal Structure as Myth and Ceremony,” American Journal of Sociology 83(2): 340363
Micelli, Thomas J., Sirmans, C. F. and Turnbull, Geoffrey K. (2000), “The Dynamic Effects of Land Title Systems,” Journal of Urban Economics 47: 370389
Ming, Liang (2012), “Land Readjustments and Institutional Change of Rural Land – Research on the Process of Institutional Innovation of Huang Village in Xianyang Municipality” (tudi tiaozheng yu nongdi zhidu bianqian – jiyu xianyangshi huangcun tudi zhidi chuangxin guocheng de kaocha), Nongcun Jingji (6): 3740
Ministry for Rural-Urban Construction and Environmental Protection (Chengxiang Jianshe Huanjing Baohubu) (1985), “Guanyu chengshi siyou chuzu fangwu shehui zhuyi gaizao yiliu wenti de chuli yijian” (Notice by the Ministry for Rural-Urban Construction and Environmental Protection regarding “Suggestions on how to deal with remaining issues of the socialist transformation of urban private rental housing”), 16 February, 85 Chengzhuzi 87 hao
Ministry of Agriculture (2005), Guanyu jinyibu jiaqiang tuimu huancao gongcheng shishi guanli de yijian (Suggestions regarding the further implementation of the implementation and administration of the tuimu huancao program), Number 4, 11 April
Ministry of Agriculture (2011), 2010 Nian Quanguo Caoyuan Jiance Baogao (National Grassland Monitoring Report 2010). Beijing: Ministry Publication
Ministry of Construction (1999), Yi gou gongyou he jingji shiyong zhufang shangshi chushou guanli zanxing banfa (Temporary Measures for the Regulation and Sale of already purchased Affordable and Public Housing), Ministerial Decree No. 69, 22 April
Ministry of Construction, National Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Land and Resources, China People’s Bank (2004), Jingji shiyongzhufang guanli banfa (Administrative Measures for Affordable Housing), Number 77, 13 May
Ministry of Construction, National Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Inspection, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Land and Resources, China People’s Bank, National Tax Administration (2007a), Jingji shiyongzhufang guanli banfa (Administrative Measures for Affordable Housing), Number 258, 1 December
Ministry of Construction, National Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Inspection, Ministry of Civil Affairs, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Land and Resources, China People’s Bank, National Tax Administration and State Statistical Bureau (2007b), Lianzhu zhufang baozhang banfa (Measures for low-rental social security housing “housing”), Decree No. 162, 26 September
Ministry of Construction, State Council Leading Group on Housing Reform and Ministry of Finance (1994), Chenzhen jingji shiyongfang jianshe guanli banfa (Administrative Measures for the Construction of Urban Affordable Housing), Number 761, 15 December
Ministry of Finance and Ministry of Agriculture (2010), “Guanyu zuohao jianli caoyuan shengtai buzhu jiangli jizhi qianqi gongzuo de tongzhi” (Notice on doing a good job in the preliminary work on the establishment of a grassland ecological protection subsidy and reward mechanism), 21 December, Number 568
Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development (2009), Yezhu dahui he yezhu weiyuanhui zhidao guize (Guiding Rules for Home-owners Assemblies and Home-owners Committees), Number 274, 1 December
Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development (2012), Gonggong zulin zhufang guanli banfa (Administrative Measures for Public Rental Housing), Decree No. 11, 15 July
Ministry of Land and Resources (2003), Xieyi churang guoyou tudi shiyongquan guiding (Provisions on Negotiated Conveyance of Urban Land Use Rights), Decree No. 21, 1 August
Ministry of Land and Resources (2004), “Guanyu jiaqiang nongcun zhaijidi guanli de yijian” (Suggestion on strengthening the administration of rural housing land), Notice No. 234, 2 November
Ministry of Land and Resources (2007a), Tudi dengji banfa (Measures on Land Registration), Ministerial Order by the Ministry of Land Resources, Number 40, examined and adopted on 28 November 2007 by the 5th Ministerial Meeting, effective on 1 February 2008
Ministry of Land and Resources (2007b), “Systems of Land Surveying and Registration in China,” Presentation for the ProLAND Project Board Meeting, Beijing, 2 October
Ministry of Land and Resources (2008), “Queding tudi suoyouquan he shiyongquan guiding – zhengqiu yijian gao” (Draft to Solicit Opinions on the Regulations for the Assessment of Land Ownership and Use Rights), 20 November
Ministry of Land and Resources (2009), Guotubu xiafa “guanyu yange jianshe yongdi guanli cujin pi er weiyong tudi liyong de tongzhi” (Notice issued by the Ministry of Land and Resources “Regarding the strict management of approved but unused construction land”), Document No. 106, 11 August
Ministry of Land and Resources (2012), “Xiao chanquanfang zuixin zhengce jijiang mianlin bei quanmian qingli” (Most recent policy regarding “small property housing, a comprehensive clean-up is imminent”), 22 February, reported at http://re.icxo.com/htmlnews/2012/02/22/1406339.htm
Ministry of Land and Resources, Ministry of Finance and Ministry of Agriculture (2011), Guanyu jiakuai tuijin nongcun jiti tudi quequan dengji fazheng gongzuo de tongzhi (Notice concerning speeding up and furthering the work on the assessment of land rights, titling and issue of permits), 6 May
Ministry of Land and Resources and Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development (2013), Guotu ziyuanbu bangongting zhufang chengxiang jianshebu bangongting “guanyu jianjue gezhi weifa jianshe, xiaoshou ‘xiao chanquanfang’ de jinji tongzhi” (Urgent notice by the Secretariat of the Ministry of Land and Resources and the Secretariat of the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development “regarding strictly curbing the illegal construction and sale of ‘Small Property Rights Housing’”), 22 November
Ministry of Land and Resources, Secretariat of the Central Rural Work Leading Group, Ministry of Finance, and Ministry of Agriculture (2011), Guanyu nongcun jiti tudi quequan dengji fazheng de ruogan yijian (Several suggestions regarding the titling and issue of permits of rural collective land), Document No. 178, 9 November
Monkkonen, Paavo (2012), “The Demand for Land Regularisation: Theory and Evidence from Tijuana, Mexico,” Urban Studies February, 49(2): 271288
Moore, Barrington (1966), Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy: Lord and Peasant in the Making of the Modern World. Boston: Beacon Press
Mukherjee, Anit, and Zhang, Xiaobo (2007), “Rural Industrialization in China and India: Role of Policies and Institutions,” World Development 35(10): 16211634
Myrdal, Gunnar K. (1957), Economic Theory and Underdeveloped Regions. London: University Paperbacks, Methuen
Nakawo, Masayoshi, Konagaya, Yuki and Shinjilt, Chimedyn (eds.) (2010) Ecological Migration: Environmental Policy in China. Bern: Peter Lang
National Bureau of Statistics (2011a), China Statistical Yearbook 2011. Beijing: China Statistical Publishing House, also at http://chinadataonline.org/member/yearbooknew/yearbook/Aayearbook.aspx?ybcode=F88F0ED0C6279E70148150AA6B635573&key=en, accessed on 2 April 2012
National Bureau of Statistics (2011b), 2010 Communiqué of Main Figures of the Sixth National Census, Number 1, 28 April, available at www.stats.gov.cn/tjgb/rkpcgb/qgrkpcgb/t20110428_402722232.htm, accessed on 9 December 2013
National Bureau of Statistics (ed.) (2003), China Statistical Yearbook 2003. Beijing: Zhongguo Tongji Chubanshe
National Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Agriculture and Ministry of Finance (2011), “Guanyu wanshan tuimu huancao zhengce de yijian” (Suggestions regarding perfecting the policy of tuimu huancao), 12 August, Number 1856
National Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Housing and Rural-Urban Construction, and Ministry of Agriculture (2012), Quanguo youmumin dingju gongcheng jianshe ‘ shi’erwu’ guihua (Construction project for the nation-wide settlement of nomadic pastoralists under the 12th Five Year Plan), Beijing: 28 September, Document number 000013039–2012–03599
National Government Offices Administration (2003), “Zhongyang zai Jing danwei yi gou gongyou zhufang shangshi chushou guanli banfa” (Administrative Measures for Bought and Marketized Public Housing of Beijing-based Central Work-Units), Number 165, 1 October
National Leading Work Team (2013), “Nongyebu, Caizhengbu, Guotu Ziyuanbu, Zhongnongban, Guowuyuan Fazhiban, Guojia Dang’anju guanyu queding 2013 nian quanguo nongcun tudi chengbao jingyingquan dengji shidian diqu de tongzhi” (Notice by the Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Land and Resources, CCP Agricultural Office, State Council Legal Affairs Office, and State Archives on Determining the 2013 Pilot Regions for the Nationwide Titling of the Rural Contract Management Right), 1 March, at www.moa.gov.cn/govpublic/NCJJTZ/201303/t20130308_3255130.htm, accessed on 2 January 2016
National People’s Congress (2002), Revised Grassland Law, adopted at the 31st Meeting of the Standing Committee of the Ninth National People’s Congress on 28 December
National People’s Congress Legislative Work Committee (ed.) (1998), Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Tudi Guanlifa Shiyi (An Interpretation of the Land Administration Law of the People’s Republic of China). Beijing: FalüChubanshe
Nelson, R. (2006) “Regulating Grassland Degradation in China: Shallow-Rooted Laws?,” Asian-Pacific Law and Policy Journal 7(2): 385416
Newman, David, and Weimer, David L. (1997), “The Credibility of the PRC Commitment to a Market Economy in HK,” Economics and Politics November, 9(3): 251280
Ni, Jian (2002), “Carbon Storage in Grasslands of China,” Journal of Arid Environments 50(2): 205218
Ningxia Bureau of Statistics (various years from 1991 to 2011 and 2015) Ningxia Statistical Yearbook. Beijing: China Statistical Publishing House
Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region People’s Congress (2011), “Ningxia Huizui Zizhiqu Jinmu Fengyu Tiaoli” (Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region Regulations on the Grazing Ban and Fencing), 7 January, 22nd Meeting of the 10th Session of the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region People’s Congress Standing Committee, Communiqué Number 85
Norgaard, Richard B. (1984), “Coevolutionary Development Potential,” Land Economics 60: 160173
North, Douglass (1993), “Institutions and Credible Commitment,” Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics 149: 1123
North, Douglass C., and Weingast, Barry R. (1989), “Constitutions and Credible Commitments: the Evolution of the Institutions of Public Choice in 17th Century England,” Journal of Economic History 49(4): 803832
North, Douglass C. (1994), “Economic Performance through Time,” The American Economic Review 84(3): 359368
North, Douglas C. (1981) Structure and Change in Economic History. New York: Norton
North, Douglas C. (1990), Institutions, Institutional Change and Economic Performance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
North, Douglass C., and Thomas, Robert Paul (1973), The Rise of the Western World: a New Economic History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
NPC (National People’s Congress) (1982), Revised Constitution, adopted by the 5th Session of the Fifth National People’s Congress on 4 December 1982
NPC (National People’s Congress) (2004), Revised Constitution, adopted by the Second Session of the Tenth National People’s Congress on 14 March 2004
NPC (National People’s Congress) (2007), Property Law, adopted by the Fifth Session of the Tenth National People’s Congress (NPC) on 16 March, available at www.lawinfochina.com/Display.aspx?lib=law&ID=6642, accessed on 4 August 2013
NRC (2006), “Premier China vreest Onrust op Platteland,” NRC Handelsblad, 20 January, p. 4.
O’Brien, Kevin J., and Lianjiang, Li (2006), Rightful Resistance in Rural China. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press
O’Connor, Jennifer (2004), “Survey on actual service lives for North American buildings”, Woodframe Housing Durability and Disaster Issues Conference, Las Vegas, October, pp. 19
O’Hara, Phillip Anthony (2009), “The principle of circular and cumulative causation: Myrdal, Kaldor and contemporary heterodox political economy,” in Berger, Sebastian (ed.), The Foundations of Non-Equilibrium Economics: the Principle of Circular and Cumulative Causation. London and New York: Routledge, pp. 91105
Oi, Jean C. (1995), “The Role of the Local State in China’s Transitional Economy,” The China Quarterly 144(December): 11321149
Oi, Jean C. (2005) “Patterns of Corporate Restructuring in China: Political Constraints on Privatization,” The China Journal 53: 115136
Ong, Lynette H. (2014), “State-Led Urbanization in China: Skyscrapers, Land Revenue and ‘Concentrated Villages’,” The China Quarterly 217(March):162179
Osborne, Anne (1994), “The Local Politics of Land Reclamation in the Lower Yangzi Highlands,” Late Imperial China 15(1, June): 146.
Ostrom, Elinor (1990), Governing the Commons: the Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Ostrom, John H. (1973), “The Ancestry of Birds”, Nature, (242, 9 March): 136
Oxfeld, Ellen (2010), Drink Water, but Remember the Source: Moral Discourse in a Chinese Village. Berkeley: University of California Press
Palomar, Joyce (2002), “Land Tenure Security as a Market Stimulator in China,” Duke Journal of Comparative & International Law (12): 774
Pang, Jiangjiang (ed.) (2010), “Yinhang xin yilun yali ceshi, bei yaoqiu kaolü fangjia xiadie 60%” (New round of bank stress test, request to consider a fall in housing prices of 60 percent), Huaxi Dushibao, 6 August, at http://news.cd.fang.com/2010–08-06/3638089.htm, accessed on 1 April 2016
Papaioannou, Elias, and Siourounis, Gregorios (2008), “Democratisation and Growth,” Economic Journal 118(532): 15201551
Park, Walter G., and Ginarte, Juan Carlos (1997), “Intellectual Property Rights and Economic Growth,” Contemporary Economic Policy 15(3): 5161
Parsons, Talcott (1951), The Social System, London and New York: Routledge and Kegan Paul, (republished in 1991 by Routledge)
Parsons, Talcott, and Shils, Edward A. (eds.) (1962), Toward a General Theory of Action. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press
Patalong, Frank (2013), “Stairway to Hell: a Spanish Skyscraper’s Elevator Disaster,” Der Spiegel Online, 12 August, available at www.spiegel.de/international/europe/architect-forgets-elevator-for-47-floor-skyscraper-in-spain-a-916082.html, accessed on 7 June 2014
Patton, Mike (2015), “The China Syndrome: Is China Headed for a Financial Meltdown?,” Forbes Magazine, 23 April, at www.forbes.com/sites/mikepatton/2015/04/23/the-china-syndrome-is-china-headed-for-a-financial-meltdown/, accessed on 29 August 2015
Payne, Geoffrey (2009), “The Limits of Land Titling and Home Ownership,” Environment and Urbanization 21(2): 443462
Pei, Minxin (2006), China’s Trapped Transition: the Limits of Developmental Autocracy. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press
Pei, Xiaolan and Sun, Siya (2013), “Liu Zhijun an she 374 tao fangchan bei zhuijiao” (Liu Zhijun’s case touches on 374 properties that have been retrieved), Jinghua Shibao, 10 June, at http://epaper.jinghua.cn/html/2013–06/10/content_1996336.htm, accessed on 5 November 2015
Pei, Xiaolin (1998), “Township-Village Enterprises, Local Governments, and Rural Communities: the Chinese Village as a Firm during Economic Transition,” in Vermeer, E. B., Chong-Woerkom, W. L., and Pieke, F. (eds.), Between State and Private Interest: Chinese Rural Collectives and Voluntary Peasant Organisations. New York: M. E. Sharpe
Pei, Xiaolin (2008), “Collective Land Ownership and Its Role in Rural Industrialization,” in Ho, Peter (ed.), Developmental Dilemmas: Land Reform and Institutional Change in China. London and New York: Routledge
Peng Zhen zhuan bianxiezu (2012), Peng Zhen nianpu (Chronicle of Peng Zhen), Vol. 5, Zhongyang wenxian chubanshe
Peng, Yusheng (1995), “China’s Rural Enterprises: Effects of Agriculture, Surplus Labor, and Human Capital” Institute for Social Science Research. Volume VI. July 1, 1994–95 – Biotechnology Studies. Paper 7, p. 1
Peng, Zhen (1982), “Guanyu Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Xianfa xiugai cao’an de baogao: Daibiao Xianfa Xiugai Weiyuanhui xiang di wu jie Renda wuci huiyi suozuo de baogao” (Report on the revision of the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China: Report for the Fifth Session of the Fifth Meeting of the National People’s Congress on behalf of the Constitutional Revision Commission), 26 November, in Peng Zhen (1991), Peng Zhen wenxuan: 1941–1990, Beijing: Renmin Chubanshe
People’s Daily (2015), “Zheme duo fangzi, jiujing zenme mai?” (So many houses, how can these be sold?), Renmin Ribao, 23 December, p. 15, republished at http://news.cnr.cn/native/news/20151223/t20151223_520892353.shtml, accessed on 16 January 2016
Perkins, Dwight H. (1991), “China’s Economic Policy and Performance,” in MacFarquhar, Roderick and Fairbank, John K. (eds.), Cambridge History of China, Vol. 15, The People’s Republic, Part 2: Revolutions within the Chinese Revolution 1966–1982. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 19, pp. 475539
Perotti, Enrico C., Sun, Laixiang and Zou, Liang (2014), “State-Owned versus Township and Village Enterprises in China,” in Brada, Josef C., Wachtel, Paul, and Yang, Dennis (eds.) (2014), China’s Economic Development: Past and Present. New York: Palgrave MacMillan, pp. 3359
Perry, Elizabeth J. (1994), “State of the Field: Trends in the Study of Chinese Politics: State-Society Relations,” The China Quarterly 139(September): 704713
Petsoulas, Christian (2001), Hayek’s Liberalism and Its Origins: His Idea of Spontaneous Order and the Scottish Enlightenment. London and New York: Routledge
Pickering, Mary (2006), Auguste Comte: an Intellectual Biography. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Pieke, Frank (2005), “The Politics of Rural Land Use Planning,” in Ho, Peter (ed.), Developmental Dilemmas: Land Reform and Institutional Change in China. London and New York: Routledge, pp. 79102
Pierson, Paul (2000), “Increasing Returns, Path Dependence, and the Study of Politics,” American Political Science Review 94(2): 251267
Pierson, Paul, and Skocpol, Theda (2002) “Historical Institutionalism in Contemporary Political Science,” in Katznelson, Ira and Milner, Helen V. (eds), Political Science: State of the Discipline. New York: W. W. Norton, pp. 693721
Pils, Eva (2005), “Land Disputes, Rights Assertion, and Social Unrest in China: a Case from Sichuan,” Columbia Journal of Asian Law 19(1): 235292
Pinckney, Thomas C., and Kimuyu, Peter K. (1994), “Land Tenure Reform in East Africa: Good, Bad, or Unimportant?,” Journal of African Economies 3(1): 128
Priester, Peter (1991), De economische ontwikkeling van de landbouw in Groningen 1800–1910. Een kwalitatieve en kwantitatieve analyse, Wageningen: A. A. G. Bijdragen, Nummer 31
Prosterman, Roy, Schwarzwalder, Brian and Ye, Jianping (2000), “Implementation of 30-Year Land Use Rights for Farmers under China’s 1998 Land Management Law: an Analysis and Recommendations Based on a 17 Province Survey,” Pacific Rim Law and Policy Journal 9(3): 507568
Prosterman, Roy, Zhu, Keliang, Jianping, Ye, Riedinger, Jeffrey, Li, Ping and Yadav, Vandana (2009), “Secure Land Rights as a Foundation for Broad-based Rural Development in China: Results and Recommendations from a Seventeen-Province Survey”, National Bureau of Asian Research, Special Report Number 18, November
Puffer, Sheila M., McCarthy, Daniel J. and Boisot, Max (2010), “Entrepreneurship in Russia and China: the Impact of Formal Institutional Voids,” Entrepreneurship, Theory and Practice 34(3): 441467
Putnam, Robert D. (1993), Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy. Princeton: Princeton University Press
Pye, Lucian W. (1986), “Reassessing the Cultural Revolution,” The China Quarterly, No. 108, December, pp. 597612
Qi, Gubo, and Xinping, Hu (2006), “Caochang jinmu zhengce xia de nongmin fangmu xingwei yanjiu – yi Ningxia Yanchi xian de diaocha wei li,” (A study of farmers’ grazing behaviour under the grasslands grazing ban policy – A case study of Yanchi County in Ningxia), Zhongguo nongye daxue xuebao (shehui kexueban), 63(2): 1216
Qi, Lin (2009), “Beijingshi guotuju: Beijing mai shangpinfang youwang nadao tudizheng” (Beijing Land Agency: (Those) Buying Commercial Housing in Beijing have Hope to get Land Permit), 11 November, original source from Beijing Shangbao, at http://news.xinhuanet.com/house/2009–11/11/content_12431238.htm, accessed on 18 December 2012
Qi, Zhongxi (2003), “Tongjiju: 2002 nian wo guo shangpinfang kongzhilü mianji leiji zengzhang 10.9%” (State Statistical Bureau: the Accumulated Vacancy Rate of Commercial Residential Property Reaches 10.9 per cent), Xinhuawang, 7 March, at http://news.xinhuanet.com/zhengfu/2003–03/07/content_763556.htm, accessed on 26 October 2015
Qian, Junxi, and He, Shenjing (2012), “Rethinking Social Power and the Right to the City amidst China’s Emerging Urbanism,” Environment and Planning A 44: 28012816
Qian, Zhonghao (2003), Nongdi chengbao jingyingquan shichang liuzhuan de kunjing yu xiangcun ganbu xingwei – dui xiangcun ganbu xingwei de fenxi” (Constraints for the Transfer and Market of Contract and Management Rights to Rural Land and Township and Village Cadres’ Behaviour – An Analysis of Township and Village Cadres’ behavior), Zhongguo Nongcun Guancha, 2, pp. 1013
Qiao, Er (2012), E’erduosi minjian jiedai weiji fenxi” (An analysis of the crisis of civic lending in Ordos), Jingji Yanjiu Cankao 2439(23): 7578
Qiu, Baoxing (2010), “Zhongguo jianzhu pingjun shouming 30 nian, Yingguo jianzhu shouming 132 nian” (Average lifespan Chinese buildings 30 years; Lifespan British buildings 132 years), 8 April, at http://house.ifeng.com/news/detail_2010_04/08/515282_0.shtml, accessed on 5 December 2014
Quanguo Nongcun Guding Guanchadian Bangongshi (1998), Dangqian Nongcun Tudi Chengbao Jingying Guanli de Xianzhuang ji Wenti” (The Present Situation and Problems facing the Management and Administration of Rural Land Lease), Zhongguo Nongcun Guancha, No. 5, pp. 5657
Radice, Hugo (2000), “Globalization and national capitalisms: theorizing convergence and differentiation,” Review of International Political Economy 7(4): 719742
Raschky, Paul. A. (2008), “Institutions and the Losses from Natural Disasters,” Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (8): 627634
Red Guards of Beijing 14th Middle School (1966), “Beijing shisi zhong hong weibing: Gao quanguo tongbao shu (Notice to all Compatriots by the Red Guards of the Beijing 14th Middle School), 26 August, Beijing
Reerink, Gustaaf, and van Gelder, Jean-Louis (2010), “Land Titling, Perceived Tenure Security, and Housing Consolidation in the Kampongs of Bandung, Indonesia,” Habitat International 34(1): 7885
Reid, Joseph D. Jr. (1976), “Sharecropping and Agricultural Uncertainty,” Economic Development and Cultural Change 24(3): 549576
Ren, Zhiqiang (2012), “Xiaochanquan fang jianshe xianzhuang, Er; xiaochanquan fang de fazhan xianzhuang” (Current status of the construction of Small Property Rights’ Housing, Part II: Current status of the development of Small Property Rights’ Housing), 7 March, at http://blog.fang.com/1796106/14530097/articledetail.htm, accessed on 12 October 2014
Reuters (2007), “China imposes grazing ban to restore grasslands,” 11 April, at www.reuters.com/article/2007/04/11/idUSPEK287035, accessed on 3 December 2013
Ribot, Jesse (1999), “Decentralization, Participation and accountability in Sahelian Forestry: Legal Instruments of Political-Administrative Control,” Africa 69(1): 2365
Richard, Camille (2000), “Rangeland Policies in the Eastern Tibetan Plateau: Impact of China’s Grassland Law on Pastoralism and the Landscape,” Issues in Mountain Development 4(9): 13
Rodrik, Dani (2002), “Feasible Globalizations,” Discussion Paper Number 3524. Centre for Economic Policy Research: London, pp. 125
Rodrik, Dani (2004), “Getting Institutions Right,” CESifo DICE Report, No. 2, April, pp. 113
Rodrik, Dani (2007), One Economics, Many Recipes. Princeton: Princeton University Press
Rodrik, Dani (2008), “Second-Best Institutions,” American Economic Review 98(2): 100104
Rodrik, D., and Zeckhauser, R. (1988), “The Dilemma of Government Responsiveness,” Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 7(4): 601620
Roland, Gérard (2004), “Understanding Institutional Change: Fast-Moving and Slow-Moving Institutions,” Studies in Comparative International Development 38(4): 109131
Rosenbloom, David H. (2009), “Foreword,” in Ting, Gong and Ma, Stephen K. (eds.), Preventing Corruption in Asia: Institutional Design and Policy Capacity. London and New York: Routledge
Rostow, Walt W. (1960), The Stages of Economic Growth: a Non-Communist Manifesto. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Rowton-Simpson, S. (1976), Land Law and Registration. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Ruse, Michael (ed.) (1998), Philosophy of Biology. New York: Prometheus Books.
Sakbani, Michael (2011), “The Revolutions of the Arab Spring: Are Democracy, Development and Modernity at the Gates?,” Contemporary Arab Affairs 4(2): 127147
Sandler, Todd (2000), “Economic Analysis of Conflict,” Journal of Conflict Resolution 44(6): 723729
Schickler, Eric (2001), Disjointed Pluralism: Institutional Innovation and the Development of the U.S. Congress Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press
Schneider, Patricia Higino (2005), “International Trade, Economic Growth and Intellectual Property Rights: a Panel Data Study of Developed and Developing Countries,” Journal of Development Economics 78(2): 529547
Schotter, Andrew (1981), The Economic Theory of Social Institutions. Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press
Schram, Stuart R. (1991), “Mao Tse-tung’s Thought from 1949–1976,” in MacFarquhar, Roderick and Fairbank, John K. (eds.), Cambridge History of China: The People’s Republic, Part 2: Revolutions within the Chinese Revolution 1966–1982. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Schwartz, Herman (2004), “Down the Wrong Path: Path Dependence, Increasing Returns, and Historical Institutionalism,” Unpublished Manuscript, University of Virginia, pp. 116
Schwarzwalder, Brian, Prosterman, Roy, Jianping, Ye, Riedinger, Jeffrey and Li, Ping (2005), “An Update on China’s Rural Land Tenure Reforms: Analysis and Recommendations Based on a Seventeenth Province Survey,” Columbia Journal of Asian Law 16(141): 144225
Scott, James C. (1987), Weapons of the Weak: Everyday Forms of Peasant Resistance. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press
Scott, James C. (1998), Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press
Scurlock, J. M. O., and Hall, D.O. (1998), “The Global Carbon Sink: a Grassland Perspective,” Global Change Biology (4): 229233
Secretariat of the CCP Central Committee (1997), “Notice by the Central Secretariat of the CCP and the Secretariat of the State Council on the Further Stabilization and Perfecting of the Contract Relations of Rural Land” (zhonggong zhongyang bangongting, guowuyuan bangongting guanyu jinyibu wending yu wanshan nongcun tudi chengbao guangxi de tongzhi), No. 16 (1997)
Sen, Amartya K. (1966), “Peasants and Dualism with or without Surplus Labor,” The Journal of Political Economy 74(5): 425450
Setterfield, Mark (1997), “‘History versus Equilibrium’ and the Theory of Economic Growth,” Cambridge Journal of Economics 21(3): 365378
Sewell, William H. Jr. (1996), “Three Temporalities: Toward an Eventful Sociology,” in McDonald, Terrence J. (ed.), The Historic Turn in the Human Sciences. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press
Shablaoer (2013), (Xiaochanquan fang yu jiguan fuli fang, tamen de qubie zhende hen da ma?), “Small Property Rights Housing and Public Social Housing; is the difference between them really that big?,” blog posted on 6 June, 18:44 at http://szbbs.sznews.com/thread-1933374–1-1.html, accessed on 15 January 2016
Shahrani, Nazif M. (2002), “War, Factionalism, and the State in Afghanistan,” American Anthropologist 104(3): 715722
Shan, Juan (2011), “Census: Population hits 1.37 billion”, China Daily, 29 April, at http://europe.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2011–04/29/content_12418282.htm, accessed on 20 October 2012
Shang, Chunrong, and Ye, Lan (2013a), “wudi nongmin yu tudi tiaozheng, tudi liuzhuan ji tudi jicheng de guangxi – jiyu Guangdong, Hunan liangsheng jiuge cun de diaocha” (Relations between Landless Farmers’ Land Distributions, Land Transfer and Land Inheritance – Research Based on Nine Villages in Guangdong and Hunan), Huazhong Nongye Daxue Xuebao (Shehuikexue Ban) 105(3): 129138
Shang, Chunrong, and Ye, Lan (2013b), “The Relationship between Landless Farmers and Land Adjustment, Land Transfer, Land Inheritance,” Asian Agricultural Research 5(11): 5562
Fangchan, Shangdu (2013), “Zhengzhou fang mei Di Jiahui liang ge hukou” (Zhengzhou Property Sister Di Jiahui has two Hukou permits), 5 January, at http://house.shangdu.com/news/2013–01-05/74070.html, accessed on 10 January 2013
Wanbao, Shanxi (2014), “Taiyuan xiaochanquan fang duo zhanyong cunjiti yongdi, cunwei yu kaifashang lianhe kaifa” (Taiyuan Small Property Rights Housing generally occupies village collective land, village committee and developer jointly develop land), Shanxi Sina News, 29 October, at http://shanxi.sina.com.cn/news/report/2014–10-29/080072495.html, accessed on 25 May 2015
Shen, Tsung-han (1951), Agricultural Resources of China. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press
Shen, Yue, Hui, Eddy C. and Liu, Hongyu (2005), “Housing Price Bubbles in Beijing and Shanghai,” Management Decision 43(4): 611627
Sheridan, James E. (1983), “The Warlord Era: Politics and Militarism under the Peking Government, 1916–28,” in Fairbank, John K. (ed.), Cambridge History of China, Vol. 12: Republican China, 1912–1949, Part 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 284321
Shi, Fusun, Wu, Ning, Luo, Peng, Yi, Shaoliang, Wu, Yan, Wang, Qian, Li, Yalan, Chen, Huai and Yongheng, Gao (2007), Weilan jinmu dui Chuanbei yagao shan gaohan caodian qunluo jiegou de yingxiang (Effects of fencing and grazing bans on the community structure of subalpine meadow in Northwestern Sichuan), Yingyong yu huanjing shengwu xuebao, No. 6, pp. 767770
Shi, Shengyao (2010), “Tudi chengbao jingyingquan de jicheng: Liuzhuan de yiju yu duice” (Inheritance of the land contract management right: Evidence for transfer and countermeasures), Zhongguo Tudi Kexue, Number 1, pp. 2730
Shih, Victor (2004), “Dealing with Non-Performing Loans: Political Constraints and Financial Policies in China,” The China Quarterly 180(December): 922944
Shirk, Susan L. (2007), China, Fragile Superpower: How China’s Internal Politics Could Derail Its Peaceful Rise. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Shomina, Elena, and Heywood, Frances (2013), “Transformation in Russian Housing: the New Key Roles of Local Authorities,” International Journal of Housing Policy 13(3): 312324
Sjaastad, Espen, and Bromley, Daniel W. (1997), “Indigenous Land Rights in Sub-Saharan Africa: Appropriation, Security and Investment Demand,” World Development 25(4): 549562
Sjaastad, Espen, and Cousins, Ben (2009), “Formalisation of Land Rights in the South: an Overview,” Land Use Policy January, 26(1): 19
Skocpol, Theda, and Somers, Margaret (1980), “The Uses of Comparative History in Macro-Social Inquiry,” Comparative Study of Society and History 22(2): 174197
Smith, Adam (1776), An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, Cannan, Edwin (ed.) (1904 edition). Chicago: The University of Chicago Press
Sneath, David 2000. Changing Inner Mongolia: Pastoral Mongolian Society and the Chinese State. New York, NY: Oxford University Press
So, Alvin (2007), “Peasant Conflict and the Local Predatory State in the Chinese Countryside,” The Journal of Peasant Studies 34(3–4): 560581
Song, Hongyuan, (2006), Caoyuan Gailiangyu Muqu Fazhan Wenti Yanjiu Baogao (Research Report on Grassland Improvement and Pastoral Area Development), Report on ADB Project TA 4308. Beijing: Zhongguo Caizheng Jingji Chubanshe
Song, Naiping, Zhang, Fengrong, Baoguo, Li, Chen, Huanwei and Yao, Huimin (2004), “Jinmu zhengce ji qi xiaoying fenxi” (An analysis of the Grazing Ban policy and its effects,” Ziran Ziyuan Xuebao 19(3): 316323
Song, Xi (2013), “Budongchan tongyi dengji, landezhu ‘fang X’?” (Unified registration of real estate, will it stop house (uncle or aunt) X?), an interview with Cheng Xiao, vice dean of Tsinghua University, Beijing Wanbao, 18 March, p. 20
Sonius, H. W. J. (1963), Introduction to Aspects of Customary Land Law in Africa: as Compared with Some Indonesian Aspects. Leiden: Universitaire Pers Leiden.
Spencer, Herbert (1897), A System of Synthetic Philosophy: First Principles, D. New York: Appleton and Company
Squires, Victor, Lu, Xinshi, Wang, Tao, Lu, Qi and Yang, Youlin (2009), Rangeland Degradation and Recovery in China’s Pastoral Lands. Wallingford, UK: CABI International
Squires, Victor, Hua, Limin, Zhang, Degang and Li, Guolin (2010), Towards Sustainable Use of Rangelands in North-West China. London: Springer
State Agency for Urban Construction (1982), “Guojia chengshi jianshe zongju: guanyu chengshi (zhen) fangdichan chanquan, chanji guanli zanxing guiding” (State Agency for Urban Construction on Temporary Regulations Regarding the Titling and Administration of Municipal (Town) Property and Real Estate), 27 March 1982, Notice Number 77
State Council (1982), Guowuyuan guanyu fabu ‘cunzhen jianfang yongdi guanli tiaoli’ de tongzhi (Notice by the State Council regarding the Issuance of the Administrative Regulations on Residential Construction Land for Villages and Towns), Notice No. 29, effective on 13 February
State Council (1984), “Guowuyuan pizhuan nongmuyulinbu, guojia jiwei deng bumen guanyu jinyibu kaizhan tudi ziyuan diaochao gongzuo de baogao de tongzhi” (The State Council’s Notice on the Approved and Issued Report on the Further Investigation of Land Resources by the Departments of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, Fishery and Forestry, as well as the State Planning Commission and other departments), 16 May, in Liu, Xinhua (ed.), Xin Tudi Guanlifa Quanshu (Encyclopedia of the New Land Administration Law), Vol. I. Beijing: Zhongguo Wujia Chubanshe, 1998, pp. 11371138
State Council (1986), “Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Fangchanshui Zanxing Tiaoli” (Temporary Regulations on the Property Tax of the People’s Republic of China), State Council Issue (1986)/90, available at www.gov.cn/banshi/2005-08/19/content_24823.htm, accessed on 20 July 2013
State Council (1990), Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo chengzhen guoyou tudi shiyongquan churang he zhuanrang zanxing tiaoli (People’s Republic of China Interim Regulations on the Transfer and Conveyance of Use Rights of State-owned Land), Decree No. 55, 19 May
State Council (1998), “Guowuyuan guanyu jinyibu shenhua chengzhen zhufang zhidi gaige jiakua zhufang jianshe de tongzhi” (Notice by the State Council on deepening the reform of the urban housing system to speed up housing construction), Guo Fa (1998) No. 23, July 3
State Council (1999), Guowuyuan Bangongting “guanyu jiaqiang tudi zhuanrang guanli yanjin chaomai tudi de tongzhi” (Notice by the Secretariat of the State Council on “Strengthening the management of land transfers and strictly prohibiting land speculation”), Document No. 39, 6 May
State Council (2000), “Quanguo shengtai baohu gangyao” (National Outline of Ecological and Environmental Protection), 26 November, Number 38
State Council (2002), “Xingzheng quyu jiexian guanli tiaoli” (Regulations for the Management of the Boundaries of Administrative Regions), State Council Decree 353, 23 May
State Council (2007a), Guowuyuan bangongting “guanyu yange zhixing youguan nongcun jiti jianshe yongdi falü he zhengce de tongzhi” (Notice by the Secretariat of the State Council “Regarding the strict implementation of relevant laws and policies on rural collective construction land”), Document No. 71, 30 December
State Council (2007b), Wuye tiaoli guanli – Xiuding (Property Management Regulations – Revised), Decree No. 504, 26 August
State Council (2011), Guanyu cujin muqu youhao youkuai fazhan de ruogan yijian (Some suggestions regarding stimulating good and fast development of the pastoral areas), 1 June, No. 17
State Council (2013), Guowuyuan Bangongting guanyu shishi “Guowuyuan Jigou Gaige he Zhineng Zhuanbian Fang’an” Renwu Fengong de Tongzhi (Task Division for the Notice by the State Council Secretariat on the Implementation of the “Plan for the Reform and Change of the State Council’s Structure and Functions”), Notice No. 22, Effective on 26 March
State Council (2014), “Budongchan dengji zanxing tiaoli” (Temporary regulations for real estate registration), Decree No. 656, 12 November
State Housing Administration (1964), Guowuyuan pizhuan Guojia Fangchan Guanliju “Guanyu siyou chuzu fangwu shehuizhuyi gaizao wenti de baogao” (Report by the State Housing Administration on “Issues of the Socialist transformation of the rental of private housing” distributed and approved by the State Council), 13 January, Report number 64/22, distributed under Number Faxingzi 64/37 on 5 March 1964
State Housing Administration, Ministry of Finance and General Tax Authority (1967), “Guojia fangchan guanliju, caizhengbu shuiwu zongju dafu guanyu chengzhen tudi guoyouhua qingshi tigang de jilu” (Minutes of the State Housing Administration and Ministry of Finance General Tax Administration regarding replies about the outline and consultations about the nationalization of urban land), 4 November, Beijing
State Land Administration (1987), Guojia tudi guanliju guanyu jiaqiang diji guanli gongzuo de tongzhi (Notice on the Strengthening of the Administration of Land Titling), 4 October, in Liu, Xinhua (ed.), Xin Tudi Guanlifa Quanshu (Encyclopedia of the New Land Administration Law), Vol. I (Beijing: Zhongguo Wujia Chubanshe, 1998), pp. 11401141
State Land Administration (1990), “Guojia tudi guanliju zhi Zuigao Renmin Fayuan minshi shenpanting de fuhan” (Reply by the State Land Administration to the Civil Division of the Supreme People’s Court). Guotu (fagui) zi 1990, di 13 hao, 23 April
State Land Administration (1995), “Queding tudi suoyouquan he shiyongquan de ruogan guiding” (Several Administrative Regulations on the Determination of Land Use and Ownership Rights), Liu, Xinhua (ed.), Xin Tudi Guanlifa Quanshu (Encyclopedia of the New Land Administration Law), Vol. I. Beijing: Zhongguo Wujia Chubanshe, 1998
Statistics Canada (2013), “2011 National Household Survey: Homeownership and shelter costs in Canada,” September 11, available at www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/130911/dq130911b-eng.pdf, accessed on 11 October 2014
Stein, Gregory M. (2012), Modern Chinese Real Estate Law: Property Development in an Evolving Legal System. Farnham: Ashgate
Stein, Justin J. (2003), “Taking the Deliberative Turn in China: International Law, Minority Rights, and the Case of Xinjiang,” Journal of Public and International Affairs 14(Spring): 1314
Stevens, Robert D., and Jabara, Cathy L. (1988), Agricultural Development Principles: Economic Theory and Empirical Evidence. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press
Stiglitz, Joseph E. (1974), “Incentives and Risk Sharing in Sharecropping,” The Review of Economic Studies 41(2): 219255
Stiglitz, Joseph E. (2000), “Formal and Informal Institutions,” in Dasgupta, Partha and Serageldin, Ismail (eds.), Social Capital: a Multi-Faceted Perspective. Washington, DC: The World Bank
Stillman, Peter G. (1974), “The Concept of Legitimacy,” Polity 7(1, Autumn): 3256
Stöhr, Walter B. (1981), Development from Above or Below? The Dialectics of Regional Planning in Developing Countries. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons
Streeck, Wolfgang, and Thelen, Kathleen (eds.) (2005), Beyond Continuity: Institutional Change in Advanced Political Economies. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Struyk, Raymond J., and Daniell, Jennifer (1995), “Housing Privatization in Urban Russia,” Economics of Transition 3(2): 197214
Stryker, Robin (1994), “Rules, Resources, and Legitimacy Processes: Some Implications for Social Conflict, Order, and Change,” American Journal of Sociology 99(4, January): 847910
Stuart, Kirkby, E., 1954, Introduction to the Economic History of China. George Allen& Unwin Ltd, London, Macmillan, New York.
Sumner, William Graham (1906), Folkways: a Study of the Sociological Importance of Usages, Manners, Customs, Mores, and Morals. Boston: Ginn and Company
Sun, Fangjun (2013), Fangchanzheng yu tudi suoyouquan de ganga he banli de shehui wenti (Awkwardness and social problems around the handling of housing and land permits), Letter to the Head of the Sichuan Land Administration, 5 September, at http://cdlr.gov.cn/xxDetail.aspx?sNO=16593, accessed on 12 January 2015
Sun, Jianhong (ed.) (1998), Tudi Quanshu Shiwu Zhinan (Practical Compass on Land Title). Beijing: Zhongguo Dadi Chubanshe
Sun, Li, and , Yunfeng (2007), “Wuquanfa zhong zhide shangque de wenti” (Issues worth discussing in the Property Law), Beijing zhengfa zhiye xueyuan xuebao, No. 2, pp. 3134
Sun, Yipin (2015), “Tudi quequan xuyao zhuzhong jiejue shiji wenti” (Land titling should pay attention to solving real problems), 26 May, Anhui Ribao Nongcunban, at http://epaper.anhuinews.com/html/ahrbncb/20150526/article_3315038.shtml, accessed on 2 January 2016
Supreme Court (ed.) (1997), Renmin fayuan anlixuan – xingzhengjuan 1992–1996 (A Selection of Cases from the People’s Courts – Volume for Administrative Cases): 1992–1996, Beijing: Renmin Fayuan Chubanshe.
Supreme People’s Court (1964), Zuigao Renmin Fayuan Guanyu guojia jingzu de fangwu yunxu jicheng wenti de pifu (Supreme People’s Court’s Response on the issue of condoning the inheritance of state rental housing), 18 September, Fayanzi No. 80
Supreme People’s Court (1985), “Zuigao renmin fayuan guanyu Wu Tianjue deng yu Xinbinzhen jiti yinshi fuwudian fangchan jiufen’an de pifu” (Reply by the Supreme People’s Court on the property dispute between Wu Tianjue cum suis versus the Collective Food Service Store of Xinbin Town), Fa (Min) Fu 1985/17, 18 December, Repealed on 18 December 2008
Supreme People’s Court (1990), “Fu: Zuigao Renmin Fayuan guanyu chengshi zhaijidi suoyouquan, shiyongquan deng wenti gei guojia tudi guanliju de han. Ni ting (90), mintazi di 10 hao han shouxi” (Appendix: Letter by the Supreme People’s Court on urban housing land ownership, use right and other issues to the State Land Administration. Receipt of Letter 10, Supreme Court (90) Civil and other law), in: State Land Administration (1990), “Guojia tudi guanliju zhi Zuigao Renmin Fayuan minshi shenpanting de fuhan” (Reply by the State Land Administration to the Civil Division of the Supreme People’s Court). Guotu (fagui) zi 1990, di 13 hao, 23 April
Supreme People’s Court (1991), “Zuigao renmin fayuan ‘guanyu Cai Minqing yu Cai Yixin, Ke Bilian deng ren fangwu maimai jiufen yi an de qingshi baogao’ zhong liaojie dao Quanzhou de qingkuang” (Supreme People’s Court’s understanding of the situation in Quanzhou of the “Report on consultations about the house sale dispute between Cai Minqing, Cai Yixin and Ke Bilian cum suis”), in Supreme People’s Court (ed.) (2004), Zuigao renmin fayuan qingshi yu dafu (minshi juan). Beijing: Zhongguo Fazhi Chubanshe, 2004, pp. 190193
Supreme People’s Court (2009), Zuigao renmin fayuan guanyu shenli jianzhuwu qufen suoyouquan anjian juti yingyong falü ruogan wenti de jieshi (Interpretation by the Supreme People’s Court concerning several issues around the specific application of the law during trials of condominium ownership disputes), 23 March, effective since 1 October, Legal Interpretation Number 7
Svejnar, Jan, and Woo, Josephine (1990), “Development Patterns in Four Counties,” in Byrd, William A. and Lin, Qingsong (eds.), China’s Rural Industry: 63–80. New York: Oxford University Press
Svenson, Ola (1981), “Are We All Less Risky and More Skillful Than Our Fellow Drivers?,” Acta Psychologica 47: 143–48
Tan, Shuhao, Futian, Qu and Heerink, Nico (2005), “What Drives Land Fragmentation? Theoretical Approaches and Empirical Analysis”, in Ho, Peter (ed.), Developmental Dilemmas: Land Reform and Institutional Change in China. London and New York: Routledge
Tang, Fuchun (2007), “NPC adopts Property Law,” China.org.cn, 16 March 2007, at www.china.org.cn/english/2007lh/203173.htm, accessed on 22 July 2013
Tang, Hao (2012), Nongdi Zaifenpei de Cunzhuang Yuanyin: Jiyu 401 ge Cunzhuang de Jingyan Yanjiu (Villages’ Reasons for the Reallocation of Rural Land: Research Based on the Experiences of 401 Villages), Caijing Wenti Yanjiu, No. 6, pp. 116123
Tao, Ran, Tong, Ju’er, Wang, Hui and Wang, Lu (2009), “Erlun chengbaohou de Zhongguo nongcun tudi xingzhengxing tiaozheng: Dianxing shishi, nongmin fangying yu zhengce hanyi,” (China’s administrative rural land readjustments after the Second Round of Lease: Typical facts, farmers’ reactions and political implications), No. 10, pp. 1220
Taylor, James L. (2006), “Negotiating the Grassland: the Policy of Pasture Enclosures and Contested Resource Use in Inner Mongolia,” Human Organization 65(4): 374386
Tencent (2006), “Wuquanfa yu Gongxiantian, weixian zhi zheng” (The Property Law: Gong Xiantian and the Struggle Against Anti-Constitutionalism), QQNews, at http://news.qq.com/zt/2006/gxtwqf/, accessed on 23 May 2015
Tencent (2012), “22 Tao fangchan ‘Fangshu’ shijian shimo” (22 properties of “Property Uncle”: The Whole Story), 26 October, Jinwan baoshe, at http://news.jwb.com.cn/art/2012/10/26/art_189_1677053.html, accessed on 27 October 2012
Tengxun (2012), “Zhufang yongyoulü ‘pingjun le shei?” (Home ownership rates: Whose average?), Loushi guancha, 18 May, No. 72, at http://house.qq.com/zt2012/lsgc072/index.htm, accessed on 12 February 2014
Terré, Francois, and Simler, Philippe (2002), Faguo caichanfa (French Property Law). Beijing: Zhongguo Fazhi Chubanshe
Thelen, Kathleen (2002), “The Explanatory Power of Historical Institutionalism,” in Mayntz, Renate (ed.), Akteure, Mechanismen, Modellen: Zur Theorie-fähigkeit makro-sozialer Analysen, Frankfurt and New York: Campus, pp. 91107
Thorpe, Andy (1997), “Adjustment, Agricultural Modernization and Land Markets: the Case of Honduras,” in Spoor, Max (ed.), The ‘Market Panacea’: Agrarian Transformation in Developing and Former Socialist Economies. London: Intermediate Technology Publications
Tian, Chuanhao, and Jia, Shenghua (2004), “Rural Land Institutions, Land Tenure Security and the Development of a Market for Rural Land Use Rights: Theory and Experience from Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Shandong (nongdi zhidu, diquan wendingxing yu nongdi shiyongquan shichang fayu: lilun yu laizi Jiang, Zhe, Lu de Jingyan), Jingji Yanjiu, 1, January, pp. 112119
Tian, Li (2006), “The Chengzhongcun Land Market in China: Boon or Bane? – A Perspective on Property Rights,” International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 32(2): 282304
Tilly, Charles (1988), “Future History,” Theory and Society 17(5): 703712
Todhon, (2013), Reaction to Blog “Jinmu, gei women dailaile shenme?” (What did the Grazing Ban bring us?), posted 14 March, 17:14, at http://tieba.baidu.com/p/2211026476, accessed on 12 August 2013
Tsai, Lily Lee (2002), “Cadres, Temple and Lineage Institutions, and Governance in Rural China,” The China Journal No. 48, July, pp. 127
Tuliuwang, (ed.) (2015), “Nongcun tudi quequan de jiage shi duoshao qian yi mu” (How much are the titling costs for one mu of rural land?), 10 October, at www.tuliu.com/read-16638.html, accessed on 2 January 2016
Tulving, Endel and Craik, Fergus I.M. (eds.) (2000), The Oxford Handbook of Memory. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press
UNDP (2014), Human Development Report 2014: Sustaining Human Progress – Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience. New York: United Nations Development Program, at www.undp.org/content/dam/undp/library/corporate/HDR/2014HDR/HDR-2014-English.pdf, accessed on 29 April 2015
UNDP (2015), China, The Millennium Development Goals, and the Post-2015 Development Agenda, February, Beijing: United Nations Development Programme China
United Nations Country Team China (2004), Millennium Development Goals: China’s Progress 2003, Beijing: Office of the United Nations Resident Coordinator
US Census Bureau (2014), “Table 15: Homeownership Rates by State: 1984 to 2013”, available at www.census.gov/housing/hvs/data/ann13ind.html, accessed on 11 October 2014
Van den Bergh, Govaert C. J. J. (1996), “Property versus Ownership: Some Cursory Notes,” in Spiertz, Joep and Wiber, Melanie G. (eds.), The Role of Law in Natural Resource Management. The Hague: VUGA
Van den Bergh, Jeroen C. J. M., and Stagl, Sigrid (2003), ““oevolution of Economic Behaviour and Institutions: Towards a Theory of Institutional Change,” Journal of Evolutionary Economics 13: 289317
Van der Zee, Durk-Jouke, Holkenborg, Bart and Robinson, Stewart (2012), “Conceptual Modeling for Simulation-Based Serious Gaming,” Decision Support Systems 54(1): 3345
Van Es, Peter C. (2011), Ars Aequi Cahiers – Privaatrecht, verkrijging door verjaring, (Ars Aequi Cahiers – Private Law – Acquisitive prescription). Nijmegen: Juridische Uitgeverij Ars Aequi
Van Vollenhoven, Cornelis (1909), Miskenningen van het Adatrecht (Misunderstandings of Adat Law). Leiden: Brill
Vandenberg, Paul (2002), “North’s Institutionalism and the Prospect of Combining Theoretical Approaches,” Cambridge Journal of Economics 26: 217235
Veblen, Thorstein B. (1898), “Why Is Economics Not an Evolutionary Science?,” Quarterly Journal of Economics 12(3, July): 373397
Veblen, Thorstein B. (1899) The Theory of the Leisure Class: An Economic Study in the Evolution of Institutions. New York: Macmillan
Veblen, Thorstein B. (1914), The Instinct of Workmanship, and the State of the Industrial Arts. New York: Macmillan
Vergne, Jean-Philippe, and Durand, Rodolphe (2010), “The Missing Link Between the Theory and Empirics of Path Dependence: Conceptual Clarification, Testability Issue, and Methodological Implications,” Journal of Management Studies 47(4): 736759
Von Benda-Beckmann, F. (1979), Property in Social Continuity: Continuity and Change in the Maintenance of Property Relationships through Time in Minangkabau, West Sumatra. The Hague: M. Nijhoff
Wade, Robert (1987) “The Management of Common Property Resources: Collective Action as an Alternative to Privatisation or State Regulation,” Cambridge Journal of Economics 11: 95106
Wade, Shepard (2015), Ghost Cities of China, London: Zed Books
Wagatsuma, Ei (2008), Xin xiuding wuquanfa (The Revised Property Law), Beijing: Zhongguo Fazhi Chubanshe
Waldron, Scott., Brown, Colin and Longworth, John W. (2010), “Grassland Degradation and Livelihoods in China’s Western Pastoral Region: a Framework for Understanding and Refining China’s Recent Policy Responses,” China Agricultural Economic Review 2(3): 298320
Walker, Anthony (1991), Land, Property and Construction in the PRC. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press
Wang, Chongmin, and Zhang, Lihua (2010), “Woguo zhaijidi shiyongquan liuzhuan de xianzhuang kaocha” (Research on the Current Status of the Transfer of Use Rights of Housing Land in China), Henan Sheng Zhengfa Guanli Ganbu Xueyuan Xuebao 118(1): 116123
Wang, H., Wang, L., Su, F. and Tao, R. (2012), “Rural Residential Properties in China: Land Use Patterns, Efficiency and Prospects for Reform,” Habitat International 36(2): 201209
Wang, Hui (2010), “Existing policies mostly receive a negative evaluation, grassland management can not be ‘one size fits all’” (“Xianyou zhengce daduo pingjia fumian, caoyuan guanli buneng ‘yi dao qie’”), Kexue shibao, 23 November, A1, available at http://scitech.people.com.cn/GB/13292252.html, accessed on 8 December 2013
Wang, Jing, Chen, Yongqi, Shao, Xiaomei, Zhang, Yanyu and Cao, Yingui (2012), “Land-Use Changes and Policy Dimension Driving Forces in China: Present, Trend and Future,” Land Use Policy October, 29(4): 737749
Wang, Lijuan, Li, Qingfeng and Gen, Xiao (2005), “Jinmu dui Balinyou qi tianran caodi shengchanli ji zhibei zucheng de yingxiang” (Effects of the Grazing Ban on Grassland Productivity and Vegetation Composition in Balinyou Banner of Inner Mongolia), Zhongguo Caodi 27(5): 1115
Wang, Liming (2007a), Wuquanfa yanjiu (Research on the Property Law), Beijing: Zhongguo Renmin Chubanshe
Wang, Lixin (1989), The years after Mao Zedong: 1978–1980. Kunlun, 6: 4–53. Translated in JPRS-CAR 89–079 (US Joint Publications Research Service Reports), 28 July: 1–16
Wang, Shaoguang, and Hu, Angang (1999), The Political Economy of Inequality in China. Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe
Wang, Shengming (2007b), Zhonghua renmin gongheguo wuquanfa jiedu (An interpretation of the Property Law of the People’s Republic of China), Beijing: Zhongguo Fazhi Chubanshe
Wang, Wei, Liu, Zhongling, Hao, Dunyuan and Liang, Cunzhu (1997), “Neimenggu tuihua caoyuan zhibei dui jinmu de dongtai yingxiang” (Effects of degraded grassland vegetation on the dynamics of the grazing ban in Inner Mongolia), Qihou yu huanjing yanjiu 2(3): 236240
Wang, Wenjing, and Wang, Xiaochun (2013), “Guanyu xinnongbao jingban jigou nengli jianshe de yanjiu” (Research on the capacity-building for the new agricultural insurance agencies capacity building research), Nongye Jingji yu Keji, No. 4, pp. 135138
Wang, Xiaolu (2012), “Economic reforms over the past 20 years,” in Garnaut, Ross and Song, Ligang (eds.), China: Twenty Years of Economic Reform. Canberra: Australian National University E Press, pp. 2750
Wang, Xiaoqiao (2007), “Xiao chanquanfang: Shengming zhong bu neng chengshou zhi pianyi” (Small property rights’ housing: The cheapness that life cannot bear), Nanfang zhoumo, 11 July, at www.infzm.com/content/2700, accessed on 20 January 2015
Wang, Xiaoqiao (2013), “‘Tudi guanlifa’ boyi wunian zhengdi buchang tiaokuan duzi chongguan” (‘5 years’ game of the ‘Land Administration Law’, only articles for the compensation of land expropriation make it through), Nanfang Zhoumo, Economy Section, 17 January, pp. 17 and 19
Wang, Xuanhui (2014), “Hushi quanguo shouge poxian. Zhuanjia: Niannei jiang chao 30 chengshi quxiao xiangou” (Hohhot first in nation to abolish Decree on Restricted Purchase. Experts say, within year over 30 cities will abolish Decree), Fazhi Wanbao, 29 June, available at http://news.163.com/14/0629/12/9VTK3T5N0001124J.html, accessed on 20 October 2015
Wang, Yaping (1992), “Private Sector Housing in Urban China Since 1949: The Case of Xian,” Housing Studies 7(2): 119137
Wang, Yaping (1995), “Public Sector Housing in Urban China 1949–1988: The Case of Xian,” Housing Studies 10(1): 5782
Wang, Yaping, and Murie, Alan (1999), Housing Policy and Practice in China, London and New York: Palgrave Macmillan
Wang, Yaping, and Murie, Alan (2011), “The New Affordable and Social Housing Provision System in China: Implications for Comparative Housing Studies,” International Journal of Housing Policy 11(3): 237254
Wang, Ying (2011), “Xiangouling cuire Beijing shi xiao chanquanfang jiage puzhang liangcheng” (Restricted Purchase Decree heats up prices of Beijing Small Property Rights Housing, prices rise with 20 percent), 16 March, Xinlang Dichan, at http://news.dichan.sina.com.cn/nj/2011/03/18/290571.html, accessed on 21 January
Wang, Yue, Chen, Huayuan and Li, Zhizhong (2015), “Zhengshi nongcun chengbaodi quequan wenti” (Addressing problems of the titling of rural contract land), 26 January, Nongcun Tudiwang, at www.nctudi.com/news_show.php/id-43196, accessed on 3 January 2016
Wang, Zhenyao (1998), “Villagers’ Committees: the Basis for China’s Democratization,” in Vermeer, Eduard B., Pieke, Frank N. and Chong, Woei Lien (eds.), Cooperative and Collective in China’s Rural Development: Between State and Private Interest. New York: M. E. Sharpe
Ward, Peter M., de Souza, Flavio, Giusti, Cecilia and Larson, Jane E. (2011), “El Título en la Mano: the Impact of Titling Programs on Low-Income Housing in Texas Colonias,” Law and Social Inquiry 36(1): 182, US
Watson, Andrew (2011), Natural Resource Management and Community Development in Western China: A Review of Ford Foundation Past Grantmaking and Future Choices on Expanding Community Rights over Natural Resources in China. New York and Beijing: The Ford Foundation
Wedeman, Andrew (2012), Double Paradox: Rapid Growth and Rising Corruption in China. Ithaca: Cornell University Press
Weingast, Barry (1998), “Political Stability and the Civil War: Institutions, Commitment and American democracy,” in Bates, Robert H., Greif, Avner, Levi, Margaret, Rosenthal, Jean-Laurent and Weingast, Barry R. (eds.), Analytic Narratives. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press
Martin, Weitzman, and Xu, Chenggang (1994), “Chinese Township-Village Enterprises as Vaguely Defined Cooperatives,” Journal of Comparative Economics (18): 121145
Wen, Jiabao (2005), “Guanyu dangqian nongye he nongcun gongzuo de jige wenti” (Several problems for current agriculture and rural work), Zhongyang nongcun gongzuo huiyi de jianghua zhaiyao (Abstract of the Speech at the Chinese Communist Party Central Rural Work Meeting), 29 December, at www.gov.cn/gongbao/content/2006/content_219928.htm, accessed on 5 November 2015
Wen, Yi (2015), “The Making of an Economic Superpower ―Unlocking China’s Secret of Rapid Industrialization,” Working Paper Series, 2015–006B, Research Division Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
White, Gregory (2011), “Key Revenue Source For China’s Local Governments Is About To Get Slammed,” March 15, Business Insider, at http://articles.businessinsider.com/2011–03-15/markets/29967282_1_local-governments-china-land-sales accessed on 16 August 2013
Williams, Dee Mack (1996), “The Barbed Walls of China: a Contemporary Grassland Drama,” Journal of Asian Studies 55(3): 665691
Williams, Dee Mack (1997) “Grazing the Body: Violations of Land and Limb in Inner Mongolia,” American Ethnologist 24(4): 763785
Williams, Dee Mack (2002), Beyond Great Walls: Environment, Identity and Development on the Chinese Grasslands of Inner Mongolia. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press
Williamson, Oliver E. (1996), “Review of Jack Vromen: Economic Evolution,” Economic Journal 106(6, November): 17911793
Witmer, Lawrence M. (2009), “Feathered Dinosaurs in a Tangle,” Nature, No. 461, 1 October, pp. 601602
World Bank (1974), Land Reform: Sector Policy Paper. Washington, DC: World Bank
World Bank (2003), Land Policy for Pro-Poor Development. Washington, DC: World Bank
World Bank (2011) Project Profile: Restoring Grasslands and Improving Herders’ Livelihood, available at www.worldbank.org/en/news/2011/08/02/Restoring-grasslands-and-improving-herders-livelihood, 2 August, accessed on 26 December 2013
World Bank (2012), Global Financial Development Report 2013: Rethinking the Role of the State in Finance. Washington, DC: World Bank, at https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/11848, accessed on 15 December 2015
Wu, Jing., Gyourko, Joseph and Deng, Yongheng (2012), “Evaluating Conditions in Major Chinese Housing Markets,” Regional Science and Urban Economics 42(3): 531543
Wu, Yunqing (2015), “Budongchan tongyi dengji, lingbuliao zheng de xiaochanquanfang za ban?” (Unified titling of real estate, what to do with Small Property Rights Housing without permit?), Xinlangwang, 27 February, No. 60, at http://news.sina.com.cn/c/zg/slt/2015–02-27/1814716.html, accessed on 28 October 2015
Xia, Yan (2015), “Fangwu shiyongquan suoyouquan fenli beihou: 70 nian hou xuqu fangchan huo jiaofei” (Behind separating of use and ownership rights of housing: Pay or extend the lease after 70 years?), Fenghuang Caijing, 9 March, at http://finance.ifeng.com/a/20150309/13539429_0.shtml, accessed on 27 May 2015
Xia, Yongquan (2007), “Wuquanfa shijiaoxia de yezhu dahui yu yezhu weiyuanhui” (Homeowner assembly and committee from the perspective of the Property Law), Beifan faxue, No. 5, pp. 133140
Xiang, Hongyi (ed.) (1996), Tudi Quequan Shiyong Shouce (A Practical Manual for the Assessment of Land Title). Beijing: Zhongguo Dadi Chubanshe
Xiao, Weiyun (1986), Wo guo xianxing xianfa de dansheng (The Birth of China’s Current Constitution). Beijing: Beijing Daxue Chubanshe
Xiao, Yulei (2007), “Gaige kaifang yilai cunji zuzhi de nongdi tiaokongquan – dui shanxi sheng Z xian baocun de diaocha yu yanjiu” (Control over Rural Land by Village-level Organizations since the Opening Up and Reforms – A Survey and Research on Bao Village in Z County of Shanxi Province), Zhongbei Daxue Xuebao (Shehui Kexueban), 2, pp. 1620
Fangchanwang, Xin’an (2015), “Weilai shinian Zhongguo loushi, guicheng kongcheng shi jiang mianlin de zhuyao wenti” (The next decade of China’s property market, Ghost and empty cities will be the primary problem to be faced), Fenghuangwang, 16 July, at http://news.la.xafc.com/show-403–28427-1.html, accessed on 27 October 2015
Xing, Qinjiao (2005a), “Agricultural Tax to be scrapped from 2006”, China Daily, 6 March, pp. 14, at www.chinadaily.com.cn/english/doc/2005-03/06/content_422126.htm accessed on 16 January 2007
Xing, Xuebo (2005b), “Shidi nongmin zhuitao quequan tudi” (Landless farmers strive to have land titled), p. A06, 28 February, originally from Jinghua Shibao, at http://finance.sina.com.cn/g/20050228/08141388199.shtml, accessed on 10 June 2017
Xinhua (2004), “China to Curb Grazing on Natural Grassland, China Internet Information Center,” September 13, at www.china.org.cn/english/environment/106853.htm, accessed on 3 December 2013
Xinhua (2015), “Xi Jinping zhuchi zhaokai zhongyang caijing lingdao xiaozu di shiyi ci huiyi,” (Xi Jinping chairs the 11th session of the Central Finance and Economics Leading Team of the Central Economic Work Conference), Xinhuanet, 10 November, at news.xinhuanet.com/politics/2015-11/10/c_1117099915.htm, , accessed on 22 July 2017
Xinhua News Agency (2014), “Haochi de rou dou chidiao le, shengxia dou shi ying gutou” (The delicious meat has been eaten, what is left are bare bones), Zhonghuawang, 9 February, available at http://news.china.com/domestic/945/20140209/18331153.html, accessed on 22 October 2015
Xu, Chongde (2003), Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Xianfashi (A history of the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China). Fuzhou: Fujian Renmin Chubanshe
Xu, Chunliu (2005), “Beijing Tiantongyuan jingji shiyongfang fahao nan qianrenku deng liangtian” (Applying for Tiantongyuan affordable housing in Beijing, thousands of people bitterly waiting for two days), Sohu News, 13 June, at http://news.sohu.com/20050613/n225916019.shtml, accessed on 24 May 2015
Xu, Feng (1998), “Gufen Hezuo yu Nongye Tudi Zhidu Gaige” (Shareholding Cooperatives and the Reform of the Agricultural Land System), Nongye Jingji Wenti, No. 5, p. 22
Xu, Jiaxi (2014), “Henan quxiao nonghu feinonghu qufen, mingong zhuiwen shehui fuli shifou pingdeng” (Henan abolishes rural/non-rural distinction, migrants ask whether social welfare will be equal), 21 November, Gongren Ribao, at http://news.eastday.com/s/20141121/u1a8454449.html, accessed on 28 May 2015
Xu, Liang (2012), “Gongzufang tongyi lifa nanti yu pojie: Jiyu liu shengshi xianxing guiding de kaocha” (Problems and solutions for the legislation of public rental housing: An investigation of existing regulations in six provinces and cities), Dongnan Daxue Xuebao (Zexue Shehuikexue ban) 14(6): 5663
Xu, Qing, and Zhang, Yuan (2005), tudi tiaozheng, diquan wendingxing yu nongmin changqi touzi jili” (Land Redistributions, Tenure Security and Incentives for Farmers’ Long Term Investments), Jingji Yanjiu, 10, pp. 5969
Xu, Shousong (2008), “Zhongguo fangdichan dashiji (1949–2008) (Chronicle of China’s Real Estate (1949–2008), Weifang xinwenwang, 4 March, at www.reformdata.org/content/20080304/6696.html, accessed on 25 April 2014
Xu, Xiaoqing Eleanor, and Chen, Tao (2012), “The Effect of Monetary Policy on Real Estate Price Growth in China,” Pacific-Basin Finance Journal 20(1): 6277
Xue, Charlie Q. L., Wang, Ying and Tsai, Luther (2013), “Building New Towns in China: a Case Study of Zhengdong New District,” Cities 30(February): 223232
Yamamoto, Akari (2001), Wuquanfa (Property Law), Beijing: Falü Chubanshe
Yamamura, Eiji (2013) “Institution and Decomposition of Natural Disaster Impact on Growth,” Journal of Economic Studies 40(6): 720738
Yan, Xiaoying (2005), “Jingji shiyongfang daodi jingjile shei?” (Who could afford affordable housing?), Xinhua News Agency, 25 June, at http://news.xinhuanet.com/photo/2005–06/25/content_3133472.htm, accessed on 24 May 2015
Yan, Xiaoying (ed.) (2005), “Jingji shiyongfang daodi jingji le shei?” (Who can afford affordable housing?), Xinhua News Agency, at http://news.xinhuanet.com/photo/2005–06/25/content_3133472.htm, accessed on 12 October 2014
Yang, Chongguang (1998), “Zhufang jianshe wei xin de jingji zengzhangdian xuyao jiejue de jige renshi wenti” (Several questions on housing construction to address the new economic growth point), Lilun qianyan, No. 12, pp. 1516
Yang, Chunyan (2014), “Kunming wu tudizheng zhufang qingkuang fuza, xiangdui chanquanzheng shimin guanzhu jiaodi” (No land permits in Kunming causing complex housing situation, citizens paying attention to property permits relatively low), Chuncheng Wanbao, 12 June, at http://yn.yunnan.cn/html/2014-06/12/content_3245114.htm, accessed on 12 January
Yang, Helen (2012a), “Dual Landownership as Tax Shelter: How Did the Chinese Solve Ricardo’s Problem?,” MPRA Paper, No. 42689, 16 November, pp. 134, at http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/42689/, accessed on 8 January 2016
Yang, Junfeng (2012b), “Tudi gaige – si: Xianxing chengshi tudi zhidu de lailong qumai” (Land reform: Part 4 – Ins and outs of the current urban land system), Nanfang zhoumo, www.infzm.com/content/78456, accessed on 25 April 2014
Yang, Lu, and Wang, Yukun (1995), “Zhufang gaige: Lilun de fansi yu xianshi de xuanze (Housing Reform: Rethinking theory and choosing reality). Tianjin: Tianjin People’s Press
Yang, Li (2009), “Zhongguo caoyuan zhili de kunjing: Cong ‘gongdi de beiju’ dao ‘weilan de xianjing’” (“The plight of Chinese grassland governance: from a ‘tragedy of the Commons’ to the ‘trap of fencing’”), Zhongguo caoyuan fazhan luntan lunwenji, pp. 747751
Yang, Xuecheng, Putterman, Louis and Libai, Xu (2001), “guanyu nongcun tudi chengbao 30 nian bubianzhengce shishi guocheng de pingu(An Appraisal of the Implementation of the 30 Years No-Change-Policy for Rural Land Lease), Zhongguo Nongcun Jingji (1, January): 5566
Yang, Xuecheng, Ruibao, Zhao and Shuming, Yue (2008), “nongcun tudi guanxi sikao – jiyu 1995–2008 nian sanci Shandong nonghu diaocha” (Thoughts on the Relations of Rural Land – Based on the 3rd Rural Household Survey of Shandong from 1995–2008), Guanli Shijie, 7, July, pp. 5361
Yang, Zan and Wang, Songtao (2011), “The Impact of Privatization of Public Housing on Housing Affordability in Beijing: an Assessment Using Household Survey Data,” Local Economy 26(5): 384400
Yao, Jiali (2014), “Da shiyi nian guansi yeweihui haishi shu le, zuigaofa shenjie nantian yihuayuan qinquan’an” (11 Years in court and the home-owners’ committee still lost, Supreme Court concludes infringement case of Nantian Yihuayuan), Nanfangwang, 22 February, at http://news.southcn.com/g/2014-02/22/content_93172072.htm, accessed on 15 January 2015
Yao, Kevin and Lim, Benjamin Kang (2015), “China to cap 2015 local government debt at 16 trillion yuan – Xinhua”, Reuters, 29 August, at http://www.reuters.com/article/china-economy-debt-idUSL4N11406P20150829, accessed on 1 April 2016
Yao, Kevin, and Sweeney, Pete (2015), “China’s 2014 economic growth misses target, hits 24-year low”, Reuters, 20 January, at http://www.reuters.com/article/us-china-economy-idUSKBN0KT04920150120, accessed on 15 January 2016
Yeh, Emily T. (2005) “Green Governmentality and Pastoralism in Western China: ‘Converting Pastures to Grasslands’,” Nomadic Peoples 9(1): 19
Yeh, Emily T. and Lama, Kunga T. (2013), “Following the caterpillar fungus: nature, commodity chains, and the place of Tibet in China’s uneven geographies,” Social & Cultural Geography, 14:3, 318340
Yonten, Nyima (2012). From ‘Retire Livestock, Restore Rangeland’ to the Compensation for Ecological Services: State Interventions into Rangeland Ecosystems and Pastoralism in Tibet. Boulder: University of Colorado Boulder
Young, Nick (2007), “How Much Inequality Can China Stand?,” China Development Brief, February, pp. 135
Yu, Guanghua (2014), The Roles of Law and Politics in China’s Development. Singapore: Springer Verlag
Yu, Lu, and Wang, Lanxi (2011), “Tansuo muqu caochang liuzhuan fazhan zhilu–yi Ningxia Yanchi muqu weili” (Exploration of a road for the development of the transfer of grassland in the pastoral region – A case study of Yanchi county, Ningxia), Nongye Jingji Wenti, No. 4, pp. 105109
Yu, Qinghua, and Hao, Xu (2010), “Shamohua zhili zhengce shishi zhong de jiandu boyi fenxi–yi Wushenqi tuigeng huanlin he jinmu zhengce weili” (Game analysis of the supervision of the implementation of desertification control policy – The case of the Grain-for-Green and Grazing Ban policies in Wushen Banner), Gaige yu Kaifang, No. 5, pp. 7778
Zhang, Fangsheng (2005), Nongcun fangwu chanquan dengji falü zhidu goushe (Design for a Legal System for the Titling of Rural Housing Property), at www.law-lib.com/lw/lw_view.asp?no=4655, 13 February
Zhang, Hongyu (2002), “China’s Rural Land Distributions and Transfer of Land Use Rights: Some Comments” (Zhongguo nongdi tiaozheng yu shiyongquan liuzhuan: jidian pinglun), Guanli Shijie, (5), pp. 7687
Zhang, Hongyu (2014), “Cong ‘liang quan fenli’ dao ‘san quan fenli’” (From a separation of ‘two rights’ towards a ‘separation of three rights’), Renmin Ribao, 14 January, at www.npc.gov.cn/npc/xinwen/rdlt/sd/2014–01/14/content_1823604.htm, accessed on 7 January 2016
Zhang, Jie (1997), “Informal Construction in Beijing’s Old Neighborhoods,” Cities 14(2): 8594
Zhang, Jing (2008), Gaijin he wanshan wo guo jingji shiyongfang zhidu (Improving the system of affordable housing in China), Master thesis, 22 May, supervised by Ai Jianguo, Wuhan: Huazhong Shifan Daxue
Zhang, Jun, Kang, Zhijie, Hai, Jun and Geriletu, (2011), “Xilinguole Meng nongye zonghe kaifa huaqu lunmu xianzhuang yu qianjing fenxi” (Analysis of the Current Status and Prospects for Rotational Grazing and Integrated Agricultural Development in Xilinguole League), Neimenggu Caoye 23(4): 811
Zhang, Kevin Honglin, and Song, Shunfeng (2003), “Rural–Urban Migration and Urbanization in China: Evidence from Time-Series and Cross-Section Analyses,” China Economic Review 14(4): 386400
Zhang, Lifan (2010), “Chengshi tudi siyou chanquan shi heshi xiaoshi de” (How did private property rights of urban land disappear?), Xin Shiji 385(5, 25 January): 1011
Zhang, Qian (2012), “The Dilemma of Conserving Rangeland by Means of Development: Exploring Ecological Resettlement in a Pastoral Township of Inner Mongolia,” Nomadic Peoples 16(1): 88115
Zhang, Qiaoli (2011), Caoyuan yu jinmu zhengce yanjiu: Yi Ningxia wei li (Research on the Grazing Ban and Grasslands: The Ningxia Case), March, M.A. Thesis, Yinchuan: Ningxia University
Zhang, Rui, and Liu, Liqi (2013), “Baowei baozhangfang” (Securing social welfare housing), Shidai zhoubao 258(7 November): 14, at www.time-weekly.com/story/2013–11-07/131427.html, accessed on 12 January 2015
Zhang, Ruoxue (2010), “Fangdichan paomo guoji bijiao ji Zhongguo fangdichan chanye fazhan” (An international comparison of real estate bubbles and the development of China’s real estate), Caijing Kexue, No. 273, No. 12, pp. 91–9
Zhang, Ruoyu (2013a), “Nongcun huji shuo fangqi bu rongyi” (Giving up rural hukou is easier said than done) 21 October, Xinhua News Agency, at http://news.xinhuanet.com/comments/2013–10/21/c_117795486.htm, accessed on 6 January 2016
Zhang, Shiyong (2013b), Cunji zuzhi de nongdi tiaozheng shijian – dui Chengdu shi ZQ cun jianshe yongdi zengjian guagou xiangmu shishi guocheng de kaocha” (Practice of Rural Land Distributions by Village-level Organizations – Implementation Study of the Program on Connecting the Increase of Urban Construction Land with the Decrease of Rural Residential Area of ZG Village of Chengdu Municipality), Guizhou Shehui Kexue, 4, pp. 119225
Zhang, Xiaobo, Yang, Jin and Wang, Shenglin (2011), “China Has Reached the Lewis Turning Point,” China Economic Review 22(4): 542554
Zhang, Xiaojing, and Sun, Tao (2006), “China’s Current Real Estate Cycle and Potential Financial Risks,” China and World Economy 14(4): 5774
Zhang, Xiaoqin (2010), “Shoulouchu kecha tudi shiyong qixian” (Housing sales department can check the land use term), Xinjingbao, Friday, 22 January, p. B23
Zhang, Xingquan (1997), “Chinese Housing Policy 1949–1978: the Development of a Welfare System,” Planning Perspectives 12(4): 433455
Zhao, Gang, Cao, Zilong and Li, Qingfeng (2003), “Chunji jinmu dui Neimenggu caoyuan zhibei de yingxiang” (Effects of a spring-time grazing ban on grassland vegetation in Inner Mongolia), Caodi Xuebao 11(2): 183188
Zhao, Heng and Rokpelnis, Karlis (2016), “Local perceptions of grassland degradation in China: a socioanthropological reading of endogenous knowledge and institutional credibility”, The Journal of Peasant Studies, (43)6: 12061223
Zhao, Lei (2013), Xianfa, xingfa, xingsongfa, minfa: jingli zenyang de boyi, jinbu ruhe qude, liuxia naxie yihan – Wang Hanbin qinli de zhongda lifa zhenglun (The Constitution, Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure Law and Civil Law: What games experienced, how progress was made, and what regrets: The major legislative debates witnessed by Wang Hanbin), Nanfang Zhoumo, 18 April, at www.infzm.com/content/89743, accessed on 14 April 2014
Zhao, Yang (2004), “Dui nongdi zaifenpei zhidu de chongxin renshi ” (Revisiting the Institution of Rural Redistributions), Zhongguo Nongcun Guancha, (4), April, pp. 2230
Zheng, Yongnian, and Chen, Minjia (2009), “China’s State-Owned Enterprise Reform and Its Discontents,” Problems of Post-Communism 56(2): 3642
Zheng, Zhong (2010), “Yinhang yali ceshi jiemi: Fangjia die sancheng buzu ju” (Bank stress test reveals: Housing prices fall by one third, no sufficient reason for fear), Zhongguo Zhengjuanbao, 8 June, at http://finance.eastday.com/m/20100608/u1a5249179.html, accessed on 1 April 2016
Zhongguo Baike, Wang (ed.) (2011), “Ningxia kuangchan ziyuan gaikuang ji fenbu,” (Overview and distribution of mineral resources in Ningxia), Zhongguo Baike Wang, 16 March, at www.chinabaike.com/z/keji/ck/543057.html, accessed on 3 February 2016
Zhongguo Chanye, Xinxiwang (2014), “2014 Nian wo guo nongcun tudi chengbao jingyingqyuan quequan dengji gongzuo kaizhan zhuangkuang ji fazhan guihua fenxi” (Analysis of the progress and development planning for China’s titling and registration of rural land contract management rights in 2014), 14 November, at www.chyxx.com/industry/201411/293351.html, accessed on 3 January 2016
Weiyuanhui, Zhongguo Ziran Ziyuan Congshu Bianyi (ed.) (1995), Zhongguo Ziran Ziyuan Congshu: Ningxia Juan (Encyclopaedia of China’s Natural Resources: Ningxia Volume), Zhongguo Huanjing Kexue Chubanshe, Beijing
Zhou, Cheng (ed.) (1989), Tudi Jingjixue (Land Economics). Beijing: Nongye Chubanshe
Zhou, Decheng, Zhao, Shuqing and Zhu, Chao (2012), “The Grain for Green Project Induced Land Cover Change in the Loess Plateau: a Case Study with Ansai County, Shanxi Province, China,” Ecological Indicators 23(12): 8894
Zhou, Li’an (2007), “Zhongguo difang guanyuan de jinsheng jinbiaosai moshi yanjiu” (Research on the Promotion Tournament Model for China’s Local Officials), Jingji yanjiu, No. 471 (07) pp. 3751
Zhou, Qiren (2004), Quanshu yu Zhidu Bianqian (Property Rights and Institutional Change), Beijing: Peking University Press
Zhou, Qiren (2013), “Fen zhaijidi de youxi” (The game of allocating rural housing land), Jingji guanchabao, 9 July, available at http://finance.ifeng.com/a/20130709/10116589_0.shtml, accessed on 20 December 2014
Zhou, Zuwen (2009), “Nongmin renzhi yu nongdi zhidu kexindu” (Farmers’ awareness and credibility of agricultural land system), Ershi yi shiji 115(10): 151155
Zhu, Jiangang, and Ho, Peter (2011), “Not Against the State, Just Protecting Residents’ Interests: an Embedded Movement in a Shanghai Neighborhood,” in Ho, Peter and Edmonds, Richard L. (eds.), China’s Embedded Activism, 2nd edition. London and New York: Routledge
Zhu, Jieming (2005), “A Transitional Institution for the Emerging Land Market in Urban China,” Urban Studies 42(8): 13691390
Zhu, Liuhua (2011), Xiaochanquanfang zuixin zhengce, guotubu yanjin dengji fazheng (New Policy on Small Property Rights Housing; Ministry of Land and Resources Strictly Prohibits Titling and the Issue of Permits), 10 November, at http://bbs.taofang.com/thread-24009–1-1.html, accessed on 12 June 2012
Zhu, Yu (2007), “China’s Floating Population and Their Settlement Intention in the Cities: Beyond the Hukou Reform,” Habitat International 31(1): 6576
Zweig, David (2003), “The ‘Externalities of Development’: Can New Political Institutions Manage Rural Conflict?,” in Perry, Elizabeth J. and Selden, Mark (eds.), Chinese Society: Change, Conflict and Resistance, Second Edition. London: Routledge

1 Throughout the book, national laws used for the institutional analysis have been referred to with the title and year in which they were proclaimed or revised. As such, they can be easily retrieved, while there can be little confusion about the exact version of the law that is used. All other state documents referred to in the text, such as national and local regulations, notices, suggestions, and Party regulations, are separately listed in the reference list. Note that when these documents were included in legal compendia, they have been listed here (and in the main text) under the proclamation date and not the publication date of the collection in which they were incorporated.