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Warfare in Independent Africa
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Book description

This book surveys the history of armed conflict in Africa in the period since decolonization and independence. The number of post-independence conflicts in Africa has been considerable, and this book introduces to readers a comprehensive analysis of their causes and character. Tracing the evolution of warfare from anti-colonial and anti-apartheid campaigns to complex conflicts in which factionalized armies, militias and rebel groups fight with each other and prey upon non-combatants, it allows the readers a new perspective to understand violence on the continent. The book is written to appeal not only to students of history and African politics, but also to experts in the policy community, the military and humanitarian agencies.


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Chapter 1
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Chapter 2
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Chapter 3
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South Africa
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Chapter 4
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Kasfir, Nelson. “Guerrillas and Civilian Participation: The National Resistance Army in Uganda.” Journal of Modern African Studies 43:2 (2005): 271–96.
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Prunier, Gerard. The Rwanda Crisis. New York: Columbia University Press, 1995.
Eritrea and Tigray
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Sudan and Somalia
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Chapter 5
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West African Conflicts
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Abraham, Arthur. “War and Transition to Peace: A Study of State Conspiracy in Perpetuating Armed Conflict.” Africa Development 22:3 (1997): 101–16.
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Gberie, Lansana. A Dirty War in West Africa: The RUF and the Destruction of Sierra Leone. London: Hurst, 2005.
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Nzongola-Ntalaja, Georges. The Congo from Leopold to Kabila. New York: Zed Books, 2002.
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Vlassenroot, Koen and Raeymaekers, Timothy. “The Politics of Rebellion and Intervention in Ituri: The Emergence of a New Political Complex?” African Affairs 103:412 (2004): 385–412.
Chapter 6
Bazenguissa-Ganga, Rémy. “The Spread of Political Violence in Congo-Brazzaville.” African Affairs 98:390 (1999): 37–54.
Chabal, Patrick and Jean-Pascal, Daloz. Africa Works: Disorder as Political Instrument. Oxford: James Currey, 1999.
Rashid, Ismael. “Subaltern Reactions: Lumpens, Students, and the Left.” Africa Development 22:3 (1997): 19–43.
Anderson, David. “Vigilantes, Violence and the Politics of Public Order in Kenya.” African Affairs 101 (2002): 531–55.
,Human Rights Watch. Ballots to Bullets: Organized Political Violence and Kenya's Crisis of Governance. New York: Human Rights Watch, 2008.
Kagwanja, Mwangi. Killing the Vote: State Sponsored Violence and Flawed Elections in Kenya. Nairobi: Kenya Human Rights Commission, 1998.
Nowrojee, Binaifer. Divide and Rule: State-Sponsored Ethnic Violence in Kenya. New York: Africa Watch, 1993.
,Republic of Kenya. Commission of Inquiry into Post Election Violence [The Waki Report]. Nairobi: Government Printer, 2008.
,Abdullahi Smith Centre for Historical Research. Election Violence in Nigeria, the Terrible Experience, 1952–2002. Kaduna: Vanguard Printers, 2002.
Bob, Clifford. The Marketing of Rebellion: Insurgents, Media, and International Activism. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
,Human Rights Watch. Criminal Politics: Violence, “Godfathers” and Corruption in Nigeria. New York: Human Rights Watch, Oct 2007.
Momoh, Abubakar. “Area Boys and the Nigerian Political Crisis.” Unpublished paper, Department of Political Science, University of Lagos, no date [1998].
Ukiwo, Ukoha. “From ‘Pirates’ to ‘Militants’: A Historical Perspective on Anti-State and Anti-Oil Company Mobilization among the Ijaw of Warri, Western Niger Delta.” African Affairs 106 (2007): 587–610.


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