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Warfare in Independent Africa
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    Warfare in Independent Africa
    • Online ISBN: 9780511993428
    • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511993428
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Book description

This book surveys the history of armed conflict in Africa in the period since decolonization and independence. The number of post-independence conflicts in Africa has been considerable, and this book introduces to readers a comprehensive analysis of their causes and character. Tracing the evolution of warfare from anti-colonial and anti-apartheid campaigns to complex conflicts in which factionalized armies, militias and rebel groups fight with each other and prey upon non-combatants, it allows the readers a new perspective to understand violence on the continent. The book is written to appeal not only to students of history and African politics, but also to experts in the policy community, the military and humanitarian agencies.

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Contents

SUGGESTED READINGS
Chapter 1
Clapham, Christopher. Africa and the International System: The Politics of State Survival. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Dube, Emmanuel. “Relations between Liberation Movements and the OAU,” in Shamuyarira, N. M., ed., Essays on the Liberation of Southern Africa. Dar es Salaam: Tanzania Publishing House, 1975, 25–68.
McGowan, Patrick. “African Military Coups d'État: 1956–2001.” Journal of Modern African Studies 41:3 (2003), 339–70.
Scott, James. “Revolution in the Revolution: Peasants and Commissars.” Theory and Society 7:1 & 2 (1979), 97–134.
Chapter 2
Guinea-Bissau
Cabral, Amilcar. “Brief Analysis of the Social Structure in Guinea,” in his Revolution in Guinea. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1969.
Chabal, Patrick. Amilcar Cabral: Revolutionary Leadership and People's War. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1983.
Chaliand, Gérard. Armed Struggle in Africa: With the Guerrillas in “Portuguese” Guinea. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1969.
Davidson, Basil. The Liberation of Guiné: Aspects of an African Revolution. Hammondsworth: Penguin, 1968.
Mozambique
Cabrita, João. Mozambique: The Torturous Road to Democracy. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2001.
Finnegan, William. A Complicated War: The Harrowing of Mozambique. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992.
Gersony, Robert. Summary of Mozambican Refugee Accounts of Principally Conflict Related Experience in Mozambique. Washington, DC: US Department of State, 1988.
Henriksen, Thomas. Revolution and Counterrevolution: Mozambique's War of Independence 1964–1974. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1983.
Kitchen, Helen. “Conversation with Eduardo Mondlane.” Africa Report (Nov 1967): 31–51.
Minter, William. The Mozambican National Resistance (Renamo) as Described by Ex-Participants. Washington, DC: Georgetown University and African European Institute, 1989.
Mondlane, Eduardo. The Struggle for Mozambique. London: Zed, 1969.
Angola
Bridgland, Fred. Jonas Savimbi: A Key to Africa. Edinburgh: Mainstream, 1986.
Davidson, Basil. In the Eye of the Storm. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1972.
Guimarães, Fernando Andresen. The Origins of the Angolan Civil War. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2001.
Marcum, John. The Angolan Revolution, Volume I: The Anatomy of an Explosion (1950–1962). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1969.
Marcum, John. The Angolan Revolution, Volume II: Exile Politics and Guerrilla Warfare, 1962–1976. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1978.
Chapter 3
Zimbabwe
Cilliers, Jakkie. Counter-Insurgency in Rhodesia. London: Croom Helm, 1985.
Lan, David. Guns and Rain: Guerrillas and Spirit Mediums in Zimbabwe. London: James Currey, 1985.
Nkomo, Joshua. The Story of My Life. London: Methuen, 1984.
Ranger, Terence. Peasant Consciousness and Guerrilla War in Zimbabwe: A Comparative Study. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985.
Reed, William Cyrus. “International Politics and National Liberation: ZANU and the Politics of Contested Sovereignty in Zimbabwe.” African Studies Review 36:2 (1993): 31–59.
Namibia
Leys, Colin and Saul, John. Namibia's Liberation Struggle: The Two-Edged Sword. London: James Currey, 1995.
Soggot, David. Namibia, the Violent Heritage. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1986.
Stiff, Peter. The Covert War: Koevoet Operations in Namibia 1979–1989. Alberton: Galago, 2004.
South Africa
Ellis, Stephen and Sechaba, Tsepo. Comrades against Apartheid: The ANC and the South African Communist Party in Exile. London: James Currey, 1992.
Gerhart, Gail. Black Power in South Africa: The Evolution of an Ideology. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1978.
Johnson, Phyllis and Martin, David, eds., Apartheid Terrorism: The Destruction Report. London: James Currey, 1989.
Mabaringalala, Nicholas Haysom. The Rise of Right-Wing Vigilantes in South Africa. Johannesburg: University of Witwatersrand, 1986.
Chapter 4
Waal, Alex. “The Politics of Destabilisation in the Horn, 1989–2001,” in Waal, A., ed., Islamism and Its Enemies in the Horn of Africa. Addis Ababa: Shama Books, 2004, 182–230.
Lischer, Sarah Kenyon. “Collateral Damage: Humanitarian Assistance as a Cause of Conflict.” International Security 28:1 (2003): 79–109.
Uganda
Kasfir, Nelson. “Guerrillas and Civilian Participation: The National Resistance Army in Uganda.” Journal of Modern African Studies 43:2 (2005): 271–96.
Museveni, Yoweri. Sowing the Mustard Seed. London: Macmillan, 1997.
Ngoga, Pascal. “Uganda: The National Resistance Army,” in Clapham, Christopher, ed., African Guerrillas. Oxford: James Currey, 1998.
Rwanda
Mushemeza, Elijah Dickens. The Politics and Empowerment of Banyarwanda Refugees in Uganda, 1959–2001. Kampala: Fountain, 2007.
Prunier, Gerard. The Rwanda Crisis. New York: Columbia University Press, 1995.
Eritrea and Tigray
Berhe, Aregawi. “The Origins of the Tigray People's Liberation Front.” African Affairs 103:413 (2004): 569–92.
DeMars, William. “Helping People in a People's War: Humanitarian Organizations and the Ethiopian Conflict, 1980–1988,” PhD dissertation, University of Notre Dame, 1993.
Pool, David. From Guerrillas to Government: The Eritrean People's Liberation Front. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2001.
Young, John. Peasant Revolution in Ethiopia, the Tigray People's Liberation Front, 1975–1991. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997.
Sudan and Somalia
Metelits, Claire. “Reformed Rebels? Democratization, Global Norms and the Sudan People's Liberation Army.” Africa Today 51:1 (2004): 65–82.
Nyaba, Peter. The Politics of Liberation in South Sudan: An Insider's View. Kampala: Fountain, 1997.
Prunier, Gerard. “A Candid View of the Somali National Movement.” Horn of Africa 14:1–4 (1991): 107–20.
Chapter 5
Blok, Anton. “The Peasant and the Brigand: Social Banditry Reconsidered.” Comparative Studies in Society and History 14:4 (Sept 1972), 494–503.
West African Conflicts
Abdullah, Ibrahim. “Bush Path to Destruction: The Origin and Character of the Revolutionary United Front (RUF/SL).” Africa Development 22:3 (1997): 45–76.
Abraham, Arthur. “War and Transition to Peace: A Study of State Conspiracy in Perpetuating Armed Conflict.” Africa Development 22:3 (1997): 101–16.
Ellis, Stephen. The Mask of Anarchy: The Destruction of Liberia and the Religious Dimensions of an African Civil War. New York: New York University Press, 1999.
Gberie, Lansana. A Dirty War in West Africa: The RUF and the Destruction of Sierra Leone. London: Hurst, 2005.
Konate, Yacouba. “Les enfants de la balle: de la FESCI aux mouvements des patriots.” Politique Africaine 89 (2003): 49–70.
Ogunleye, Bayo. Behind Rebel Line: Anatomy of Charles Taylor's Hostage Camps. Enugu: Delta, 1995.
,United Nations Security Council. Report of the Panel of Experts Appointed Pursuant to United Nations Security Council Resolution 1306 (2000), Paragraph 19 in Relation to Sierra Leone. New York: United Nations, Dec 2000.
Somalia
Compagnon, Daniel. “Somali Armed Movements,” in Clapham, Christopher, ed., African Guerrillas. Oxford: James Currey, 1998, 73–90.
Drysdale, John. Whatever Happened to Somalia?London: HAAN Associates, 1994.
Dualeh, Hussein Ali. From Barre to Aideed: Somalia, Agony of a Nation. Nairobi: Stellagraphics, 1994.
Gassem, Mariam Arif. Hostages: The People Who Kidnapped Themselves. Nairobi: Central Graphics Services, 1994.
Marchal, Roland. “Les mooryan de Mogadisco: formes de la violence dans un espace urbain en guerre.” Cahiers d'Etudes Africaines 33:130 (1993): 295–320.
Congo
Clark, John, ed., The African States of the Congo War. Kampala: Fountain, 2003.
Nzongola-Ntalaja, Georges. The Congo from Leopold to Kabila. New York: Zed Books, 2002.
Prunier, Gérard. From Genocide to Continental War: The “Congolese” Conflict and the Crisis of Contemporary Africa. London: Hurst, 2009.
Reyntjens, Filip. The Great African War: Congo and Regional Geopolitics, 1996–2006. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009.
,United Nations Security Council. Addendum to the Report of the Panel of Experts on the Illegal Exploitation of Natural Resources and Other Forms of Wealth of DR Congo. New York: United Nations, 10 Nov 2001.
Vlassenroot, Koen and Raeymaekers, Timothy. “The Politics of Rebellion and Intervention in Ituri: The Emergence of a New Political Complex?” African Affairs 103:412 (2004): 385–412.
Chapter 6
Bazenguissa-Ganga, Rémy. “The Spread of Political Violence in Congo-Brazzaville.” African Affairs 98:390 (1999): 37–54.
Chabal, Patrick and Jean-Pascal, Daloz. Africa Works: Disorder as Political Instrument. Oxford: James Currey, 1999.
Rashid, Ismael. “Subaltern Reactions: Lumpens, Students, and the Left.” Africa Development 22:3 (1997): 19–43.
Kenya
Anderson, David. “Vigilantes, Violence and the Politics of Public Order in Kenya.” African Affairs 101 (2002): 531–55.
,Human Rights Watch. Ballots to Bullets: Organized Political Violence and Kenya's Crisis of Governance. New York: Human Rights Watch, 2008.
Kagwanja, Mwangi. Killing the Vote: State Sponsored Violence and Flawed Elections in Kenya. Nairobi: Kenya Human Rights Commission, 1998.
Nowrojee, Binaifer. Divide and Rule: State-Sponsored Ethnic Violence in Kenya. New York: Africa Watch, 1993.
,Republic of Kenya. Commission of Inquiry into Post Election Violence [The Waki Report]. Nairobi: Government Printer, 2008.
Nigeria
,Abdullahi Smith Centre for Historical Research. Election Violence in Nigeria, the Terrible Experience, 1952–2002. Kaduna: Vanguard Printers, 2002.
Bob, Clifford. The Marketing of Rebellion: Insurgents, Media, and International Activism. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
,Human Rights Watch. Criminal Politics: Violence, “Godfathers” and Corruption in Nigeria. New York: Human Rights Watch, Oct 2007.
Momoh, Abubakar. “Area Boys and the Nigerian Political Crisis.” Unpublished paper, Department of Political Science, University of Lagos, no date [1998].
Ukiwo, Ukoha. “From ‘Pirates’ to ‘Militants’: A Historical Perspective on Anti-State and Anti-Oil Company Mobilization among the Ijaw of Warri, Western Niger Delta.” African Affairs 106 (2007): 587–610.

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