Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home
The Sublime

The Sublime

This Element considers Kant's account of the sublime in the context of his predecessors both in the Anglophone and German rationalist traditions. Since Kant says with evident endorsement that 'we call sublime that which is absolutely great' (Critique of the Power of Judgment, 5:248) and nothing in nature can in fact be absolutely great (it can only figure as such, in certain presentations), Kant concludes that strictly speaking what is sublime can only be the human calling (Bestimmung) to perfect our rational capacity according to the standard of virtue that is thought through the moral law. The Element takes account of the difference between respect and admiration as the two main varieties of sublime feeling, and concludes by considering the role of Stoicism in Kant's account of the sublime, particularly through the channel of Seneca.

  • Copyright

  • COPYRIGHT: © Melissa McBay Merritt 2018

References

Hide all
Ashfield, A. de Bolla, P. Ashfield, A. & de Bolla, P. , eds. (1996). The Sublime: A Reader in British Eighteenth-century Aesthetic Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef | Google Scholar
Baumgarten, A. G. Baumgarten, A. G. (2007 [1750]). Aesthetica/Ästhetik, Latin-German edition. Trans. Dagmar Mirbach. Hamburg: Felix Meiner. Google Scholar
Bond, D. F. Bond, D. F. , ed. (1965). The Spectator. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Google Scholar
Burke, E. Phillips, Adam Burke, E. (1990 [1757]). A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful. Ed. Adam Phillips . Oxford: Oxford University Press. Google Scholar
Carter, E. Pennington, Montagu Carter, E. (1817). Letters from Mrs. Elizabeth Carter to Mrs. Montagu, Between the Years 1755 and 1800, Chiefly upon Literary and Moral Subjects. Ed. Rev. Montagu Pennington . Volume 1. London: F. C. and J. Rivington. Google Scholar
Dennis, J. Dennis, J. (1693). Miscellanies in Verse and Prose. London: James Knapton. Google Scholar
Gerard, A. Gerard, A. (1759). Essay on Taste: with Three Dissertations on the Same Subject by Mr. De Voltaire, Mr. D’Alembert, and Mr. De Montesquieu. London and Edinburgh: A. Millar, A. Kincaid, and J. Bell. Google Scholar
Herder, J. G. Herder, J. G. (1998). Werke. Volume 8, Schriften zu Literatur und Philosophie 1792–1800. Frankfurt: Deutscher Klassiker Verlag. Google Scholar
Kames Jones, Peter Kames (Henry Home) (2005 [1785]). Elements of Criticism, sixth edition. Ed. Peter Jones , 2 vols. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund. Google Scholar
Long, A. A. Sedley, D. N. Long, A. A. & Sedley, D. N. (1987). The Hellenistic Philosophers , 2 volumes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Google Scholar
Longinus Longinus (1995). On the Sublime [ΠΕΡΙ ΥΨΟΥΣ]. Trans. W. H. Fyfe, revised by Donald Russell. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. Google Scholar
Meier, G. F. Meier, G. F. (1757). Betrachtungen über den ersten Grundsatz aller schönen Künste und Wissenschaften. Halle: Carl Hermann Hemmerde. Google Scholar
Mendelssohn, M. 82 Mendelssohn, M. (1929–). Gesammelte Schriften: Jubiläumsausgabe. Stuttgart/Bad Cannstatt: Frommann/Holzboog. Google Scholar
Mendelssohn, M. Mendelssohn, M. (1997 [1761]). Philosophical Writings. Trans. Daniel O. Dahlstrom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef | Google Scholar
Pope, A. Jones, Tom Pope, A. (2016). An Essay on Man. Ed. Tom Jones . Princeton: Princeton University Press. Google Scholar
Reid, T. Reid, T. (1969 [1785]). Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Google Scholar
Seneca, L. A. Seneca, L. A. (1917 and 1925). Epistles. 2 vols. Trans. Richard M. Gummere. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Google Scholar
Seneca, L. A. Seneca, L. A. (1928, 1932, and 1935). Moral Essays. 3 vols. Trans. John W. Basore. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Google Scholar
Seneca, L. A. Seneca, L. A. (2010). Anger, Mercy, Revenge. Trans. Robert A. Kaster and Martha C. Nussbaum. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. CrossRef | Google Scholar
Seneca, L. A. Seneca, L. A. (2014). Hardship and Happiness. Trans. Elaine Fantham, Harry M. Hine, James Ker, and Gareth D. Williams. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. CrossRef | Google Scholar
Seneca, L. A. Seneca, L. A. (2015). Letters on Ethics to Lucilius. Trans. Margaret Graver and A. A. Long. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. CrossRef | Google Scholar
Allison, H. Allison, H. (2001). Kant’s Theory of Taste. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef | Google Scholar
Beiser, F. C. Beiser, F. C. (2009). Diotima’s Children: German Aesthetic Rationalism from Leibniz to Lessing. New York: Oxford University Press. CrossRef | Google Scholar
Brady, E. Brady, E. (2013). The Sublime in Modern Philosophy: Aesthetics, Ethics, and Nature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef | Google Scholar
Brandt, R. Jacobs, B. Kain, P. Brandt, R. (2003). The Vocation of the Human Being. In B. Jacobs and P. Kain , eds., Essays on Kant’s Anthropology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 85–104. Google Scholar
Brennan, T. Inwood, B. Brennan, T. (2003). Stoic Moral Psychology. In B. Inwood , ed., Cambridge Companion to the Stoics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 257–94. Google Scholar
Budick, S. Budick, S. (2010). Kant and Milton. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Google Scholar
Budd, M. Budd, M. (2002). The Aesthetic Appreciation of Nature. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Google Scholar
Budd, M. Budd, M. (2008). Aesthetic Essays. Oxford: Oxford University Press. CrossRef | Google Scholar
Clewis, R. 83 Clewis, R. (2009). The Kantian Sublime and the Revelation of Freedom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef | Google Scholar
Cochrane, T. Cochrane, T. (2012). The Emotional Experience of the Sublime. Canadian Journal of Philosophy, 42 (2), 125–48. CrossRef | Google Scholar
Crowther, P. Crowther, P. (1989). The Kantian Sublime. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Google Scholar
Darwall, S. Darwall, S. (1977). Two Kinds of Respect. Ethics 88 (1), 36–49. CrossRef | Google Scholar
Darwall, S. Betzler, M. Darwall, S. (2008). Kant on Respect, Dignity, and the Duty of Respect. In M. Betzler , ed., Kant’s Ethics of Virtue. Berlin: de Gruyter, pp. 175–200. Google Scholar
di Giovanni, G. Munk, R. di Giovanni, G. (2011). The Year 1786 and Die Bestimmung des Menschen . In R. Munk , ed., Moses Mendelssohn’s Metaphysics and Aesthetics. Dordrecht: Springer, pp. 217–34. Google Scholar
Doran, R. Doran, R. (2015). The Theory of the Sublime from Longinus to Kant. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef | Google Scholar
Forsey, J. Forsey, J. (2007). Is a Theory of the Sublime Possible? Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 85 (4), 381–9. Google Scholar
Graver, M. Caston, R. R. Kaster, R. A. Graver, M. (2016). Anatomies of Joy: Seneca and the Gaudium Tradition. In R. R. Caston and R. A. Kaster , eds., Hope, Joy, and Affection in the Classical World. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 123–42. Google Scholar
Guyer, P. Guyer, P. (1993). Kant and the Experience of Freedom: Essays on Aesthetics and Morality. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef | Google Scholar
Guyer, P. Guyer, P. (2005). The Symbols of Freedom in Kant’s Aesthetics. In Values of Beauty: Historical Essays in Aesthetics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 222–41. CrossRef | Google Scholar
Guyer, P. Guyer, P. (2014). A History of Modern Aesthetics. Volume 1: The Eighteenth Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Google Scholar
Kennett, J. Björnsson, G. Strandberg, C. Olinder, R. F. Eriksson, J. Björklund, F. B. Kennett, J. (2015). What is Required for Motivation by Principle? In G. Björnsson , C. Strandberg , R. F. Olinder , J. Eriksson , F. B. Björklund , eds., Motivational Internalism. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 108–29. Google Scholar
Koller, A. Munk, R. Koller, A. (2011). Mendelssohn’s Response to Burke on the Sublime. In R. Munk , ed., Moses Mendelssohn’s Metaphysics and Aesthetics. Dordrecht: Springer, pp. 329–50. Google Scholar
Kuehn, M. Rorty, A. Schmidt, J. Kuehn, M. (2009). Reason as a Species Characteristic. In A. Rorty and J. Schmidt , eds., Kant’s Idea for a Universal History with a Cosmopolitan Aim: A Critical Guide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 68–93. Google Scholar
Lewis, C. T. Short, C. Lewis, C. T. & Short, C. (1879). A Latin Dictionary. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Google Scholar
Lyotard, J.-F. 84 Lyotard, J.-F. (1994). Lessons on the Analytic of the Sublime. Trans. E. Rottenberg. Stanford: Stanford University Press. Google Scholar
McDowell, J. McDowell, J. (1979). Virtue and Reason. The Monist 62 (3), 331–50. CrossRef | Google Scholar
Merritt, M. Merritt, M. (2011). Kant on Enlightened Moral Pedagogy. Southern Journal of Philosophy 49 (3), 227–53. CrossRef | Google Scholar
Merritt, M. Costelloe, T. Merritt, M. (2012). The Moral Source of the Kantian Sublime. In T. Costelloe , ed., The Sublime: from Antiquity to the Present. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 37–49. CrossRef | Google Scholar
Merritt, M. Altman, M. Merritt, M. (2017). Sublimity and Joy: Kant on the Aesthetic Constitution of Virtue. In M. Altman , ed., Palgrave Kant Handbook. London: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 447–67. Google Scholar
Merritt, M. Merritt, M. (2018). Kant on Reflection and Virtue. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef | Google Scholar
Monk, S. H. Monk, S. H. (1960). The Sublime. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. Google Scholar
Murdoch, I. Conradi, P. Murdoch, I. (1999 [1959]). The Sublime and the Beautiful Revisited. In P. Conradi , ed., Existentialists and Mystics: Writings on Philosophy and Literature. New York: Penguin. Google Scholar
Rayman, J. Rayman, J. (2012). Kant on Sublimity and Morality. Cardiff: University of Wales Press. Google Scholar
Reath, A. Reath, A. (1989). Kant’s Theory of Moral Sensibility. Kant Studien 80 (1–4), 284–302. CrossRef | Google Scholar
Santozki, U. Santozki, U. (2012). Die Bedeutung antiker Theorien für die Genese und Systematik von Kants Philosophie. Berlin: de Gruyter. Google Scholar
Schaper, E. Guyer, P. Schaper, E. (1992). Taste, Sublimity, and Genius: The Aesthetics of Nature and Art. In P. Guyer , ed., The Cambridge Companion to Kant. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 367–93. CrossRef | Google Scholar
Sherman, N. Sherman, N. (1997). Making a Necessity of Virtue: Aristotle and Kant on Virtue. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef | Google Scholar
Vogt, K. M. Vogt, K. M. (2008). Law, Reason, and the Cosmic City: Political Philosophy in the Early Stoa. New York: Oxford University Press. CrossRef | Google Scholar
Warda, A. Warda, A. (1922). Immanuel Kants Bücher. Berlin: Martin Breslauer. Google Scholar
Zuckert, R. Zuckert, R. (2003). Awe or Envy: Herder contra Kant on the Sublime. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 61 (3), 217–32. CrossRef | Google Scholar

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between #date#. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed