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The neuropathological study of myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein in the temporal lobe of schizophrenia patients

  • Tomoyasu Marui (a1), Youta Torii (a1), Shuji Iritani (a1), Hirotaka Sekiguchi (a1), Chikako Habuchi (a1), Hiroshige Fujishiro (a1), Kenichi Oshima (a2), Kazuhiro Niizato (a2), Shotaro Hayashida (a3), Katsuhisa Masaki (a3), Junichi Kira (a3) and Norio Ozaki (a1)...

Abstract

Objective

Recent studies based on the neuroimaging analysis, genomic analysis and transcriptome analysis of the postmortem brain suggest that the pathogenesis of schizophrenia is related to myelin-oligodendrocyte abnormalities. However, no serious neuropathological investigation of this protein in the schizophrenic brain has yet been performed. In this study, to confirm the change in neuropathological findings due to the pathogenesis of this disease, we observed the expression of myelin-oligodendrocyte directly in the brain tissue of schizophrenia patients.

Methods

Myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) was evaluated in the cortex of the superior temporal gyrus (STG) and the hippocampus in 10 schizophrenic and nine age- and sex-matched normal control postmortem brains.

Results

The expression of MOG was significantly lower in the middle layer of the neocortex of the STG and stratum lucidum of CA3 in the hippocampus in the long-term schizophrenic brains (patients with ≥30 years of illness duration) than in the age-matched controls. Furthermore, the thickness of MOG-positive fibre-like structures was significantly lower in both regions of the long-term schizophrenic brains than in the age-matched controls.

Conclusion

These findings suggest that a long duration of illness has a marked effect on the expression of MOG in these regions, and that myelin-oligodendrocyte abnormalities in these regions may be related to the progressive pathophysiology of schizophrenia.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: Tomoyasu Marui, Department of Psychiatry, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Tsurumai 65, Shouwa, Nagoya, Aichi 466-8550, Japan. Tel: +81 52 744 2282; Fax: +81 52 744 2293; E-mail: Maruchan0529@gmail.com

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