Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-5d6d958fb5-gz6rp Total loading time: 0.228 Render date: 2022-11-29T05:38:08.608Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "displayNetworkTab": true, "displayNetworkMapGraph": false, "useSa": true } hasContentIssue true

Mapping the Internal Structure of Hopewell Tumuli in the Lower Illinois River Valley through Archaeological Geophysics

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  16 January 2017

Jason T. Herrmann
Affiliation:
Institut für die Kulturen des Alten Orients, Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen, Burgsteige 11, 72070 Tübingen, Germany (jason.herrmann@uni-tuebingen.de)
Jason L. King
Affiliation:
Center for American Archeology, P.O. Box 366, Kampsville, Illinois 62053, USA (jking@caa-archeology.org)
Jane E. Buikstra
Affiliation:
School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University Tempe, Arizona 85287-2402, USA (buikstra@asu.edu)

Abstract

Archaeologists from the Center for American Archeology (CAA) in Kampsville, Illinois, are engaged in a program to test the potential for ground-penetrating radar (GPR) and electrical resistance tomography (ERT) to effectively document the internal structure of a variety of Middle (ca.2200–1550 B.P.) and Late Woodland (ca.1550–950 B.P.) mounds in the Lower Illinois River Valley (LIV). This project, embedded within ongoing CAA regional research efforts and the Arizona State University Kampsville Field School, demonstrates that both GPR and ERT permit the identification and measurement of significant internal mound structures. Key structural elements can be confidently identified in the geophysical data from the five test mounds, and excavation results can be conclusively linked with results of excavation in mounds that have been tested. This study opens the way for the development of a set of procedures for a regional research initiative in the LIV to understand structural variation between Middle and Late Woodland mounds using ground-based remote sensing methods as a primary source of data and thus minimizing invasive and destructive investigation techniques.

Arqueólogos del Centro para Arqueología Americana (CAA) en Kampsville, Illinois se están dedicando a un programa para probar el potencial de usar georadar (GPR) y tomografía de resistividad eléctrica (ERT) para documentar con eficiencia la estructura interna de una variedad de montículos en el Valle del Rio Illinois Bajo (LIV) de los periodos Woodland Medio (ca.2200–1550 BP) y Tardío (ca.1550–950 a.P.). Este proyecto-integrado con esfuerzos regionales todavía en curso del CAA, y con la escuela de campo en Kampsville de la Universidad Estatal de Arizona-demuestra que el GPR y la ERT ambos permiten la identificación y medida de estructuras internas significantes de montículos. Elementos estructurales importantes pueden ser identificados con confianza en los datos geofísicos de los cinco montículos de prueba, y los resultados de las excavaciones de estos pueden ser vinculados con certeza con los resultados geofísicos de los mismos montículos. Este estudio abre paso para el desarrollo de una serie de procedimientos para un iniciativo de investigación regional en el LIV para entender la variación estructural entre montículos de los periodos Woodland Medio y Tardío usando métodos de teledetección terrestres como una fuente primaria de datos, así minimizando el uso de técnicas de investigación invasivas y destructivas.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Society for American Archaeology 2014

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

References Cited

Abrams, Elliot M. 2009 Hopewell Archaeology: A View from the Northern Woodlands. Journal of Archaeological Research 17:169204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Aspinall, Arnold, Gaffney, Chris F., and Schmidt, Armin 2009 Magnetometry for Archaeologists. Geophysical Methods for Archaeoloegy Vol. 2, series edited by Conyers, Lawrence B. and Kvamme, Kenneth L.. AltaMira, Lanham, Maryland.Google Scholar
Benech, Christophe 2007 New Approach to the Study of City Planning and Domestic Dwellings in the Ancient Near East. Archaeological Prospection 14(2):87103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Berge, Meriç Aziz, and Drahor, Mahmut Göktuğ 2011 Electrical Resistivity Tomography Investigations of Multi Layered Archaeological Settlements: Part I—Modelling. Archaeological Prospection 18(3):159171.Google Scholar
Brose, David S., and Greber, N’omi 1979 Hopewell Archaeology: The Chillicothe Conference. Kent State University Press, Kent, Ohio.Google Scholar
Buikstra, Jane E. 1972 Hopewell in the Lower Illinois River Valley: A Regional Approach to the Study of Biological Variability and Mortuary Activity. University of Chicago, Department of Anthropology, Chicago.Google Scholar
Buikstra, Jane E. 1976 Hopewell in the Lower Illinois Valley: A Regional Approach to the Study of Human Biological Variability and Prehistoric Behavior. Northwestern University Archaeological Program, Evanston, Illinois.Google Scholar
Buikstra, Jane E. 1981 Epigenetic Distance: A Study of Biological Variability in the Lower Illinois River Region. In Early Native Americans, edited by Browman, David L., pp. 270299. Mouton Press, The Hague.Google Scholar
Buikstra, Jane E., and Charles, Douglas K. 1999 Centering the Ancestors: Cemeteries, Mounds, and Sacred Landscapes of the Ancient North American Midcontinent. In Archaeologies of Landscape, edited by Ashmore, Wendy and Bernard Knapp, A., pp. 201228. Blackwell, Malden, Massachusetts.Google Scholar
Buikstra, Jane E., Charles, Douglas K., and Rakita, Gordon F. M. 1998 Staging Ritual: Hopewell Ceremonialism at the Mound House Site, Greene County, Illinois. Kampsville Studies in Archeology and History No. 1. Center for American Archeology, Kampsville, Illinois.Google Scholar
Casana, Jesse, and Cothren, Jackson 2013 The CORONA Atlas Project: Orthorectification of CORONA Satellite Imagery and Regional-Scale Archaeological Exploration in the Near East. In Mapping Archaeological Landscapes from Space, edited by Comer, Douglas C. and Harrower, Michael J., pp. 3343. Springer, New York.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Casana, Jesse, Cothren, Jackson, and Kalayci, Tuna 2012 Swords into Ploughshares: Archaeological Applications of CORONA Satellite Imagery in the Near East. Internet Archaeology 32.Google Scholar
Casana, Jesse, and Herrmann, Jason T. 2010 Settlement History and Urban Planning at Zincirli Höyük, Southern Turkey. Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology 23(1):5580.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Casana, Jesse, Herrmann, Jason T., and Fogel, Aaron 2008 Deep Subsurface Geophysical Prospection at Tell Qarqur, Syria. Archaeological Prospection 15(3):207225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Charles, Douglas K. 1992 Woodland Demographic and Social Dynamics in the American Midwest: Analysis of a Burial Mound Survey. World Archaeology 24(2):175197.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Charles, Douglas K., and Buikstra, Jane E. 2002 Siting, Sighting, and Citing the Dead. In The Space and Place of Death, edited by Silverman, Helaine and Small, David B., pp. 1326. Archeological Papers of the American Anthropological Association No. 11. American Anthropological Association, Arlington Va.Google Scholar
Charles, Douglas K., Van Nest, Julieann, and Buikstra, Jane E. 2004 From the Earth: Minerals and Meaning in the Hopewellian World. In Soils, Stones and Symbols: Cultural Perceptions of the Mineral World, edited by Boivin, Nicole and Owoc, Mary Ann, pp. 4370. UCL Press, London.Google Scholar
Clark, Anthony 1997 Seeing Beneath the Soil: Prospecting Methods in Archaeology. Routledge, New York.Google Scholar
Cole, Fay-Cooper, and Deuel, Thorne 1937 Rediscovering Illinois: Archaeological Explorations In and Around Fulton County. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.Google Scholar
Conyers, Lawrence 2004 Ground-Penetrating Radar for Archaeology. AltaMira, Lanham, Maryland.Google Scholar
Conyers, Lawrence 2007 Ground-Penetrating Radar for Archaeological Mapping. In Remote Sensing in Archaeology, edited by Wiseman, Jamear R. and El-Baz, Farouk, pp. 329344. Interdisciplinary Contributions to Archaeology. Springer, New York.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Conyers, Lawrence 2010 Ground-Penetrating Radar for Anthropological Research. Antiquity 84(323):175184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Conyers, Lawrence 2012 Interpreting Ground-Penetrating Radar for Archaeology. Left Coast Press, Walnut Creek, California.Google Scholar
Conyers, Lawrence B., and Leckebusch, Juerg 2010 Geophysical Archaeology Research Agendas for the Future: Some Ground-Penetrating Radar Examples. Archaeological Prospection 17(2):117123.Google Scholar
Cozzolino, M., Mauriello, P., and Patella, D. 2014 Resistivity Tomography Imaging of the Substratum of the Bedestan Monumental Complex at Nicosia, Cyprus. Archaeometry 56(2):331350.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Davis, J. L., and Annan, A. P. 1989 Ground-Penetrating Radar for High-Resolution Mapping of Soil and Rock Stratigraphy. Geophysical Prospecting 37(5):531551.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Drahor, M. G. 2006 Integrated Geophysical Studies in the Upper Part of Sardis Archaeological Site, Turkey. Journal of Applied Geophysics 59(3):205223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Drahor, M. G., Berge, M. A., Kurtulmu, T. Ö., Hartmann, M., and Speidel, M. A. 2008 Magnetic and Electrical Resistivity Tomography Investigations in a Roman Legionary Camp Site (Legio IV Scythica) in Zeugma, Southeastern Anatolia, Turkey. Archaeological Prospection 15(3):159186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Drahor, M. G., Berge, M. A., Kurtulmu, T. Ö., Hartmann, M., and Speidel, M. A. 1977 Cultural Resource Survey of the Eldred and Spanky Levee and Drainage District Project Area, Greene County, Illinois. Center for American Archeology, Kampsville, Illinois.Google Scholar
Drahor, M. G., Berge, M. A., Kurtulmu, T. Ö., Hartmann, M., and Speidel, M. A. 2004 Early Hopewell Mound Explorations: The First Fifty Years in the Illinois River Valley. Illinois Transportation Archaeological Research Program, Urbana, Illinois.Google Scholar
Farnsworth, Kenneth B., and Neusius, Sarah W. 1978 The Archeology of Pere Marquette State Park: 1878–1978. Illinois Department of Conservation.Google Scholar
Gater, John, and Gaffney, Christopher F. 2003 Revealing the Buried Past: Geophysics for Archaeologists. History Press, Charleston, South Carolina.Google Scholar
Henderson, John G. 1884 Aboriginal Remains Near Naples, Illinois. In Smithsonian Institution Annual Report for 1882, pp. 686721. U.S. Governmental Printing Office, Washington, D.C. Google Scholar
Henry, Edward R., Laracuente, Nicolas R., Case, Jared S., and Johnson, Jay K. 2014 Incorporating Multistaged Geophysical Data into Regional-Scale Models: A Case Study from an Adena Burial Mound in Central Kentucky. Archaeological Prospection 21(1):1526.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Herrmann, Jason T. 2013 Three-Dimensional Mapping of Archaeological and Sedimentary Deposits with Ground-Penetrating Radar at Saruq al-Hadid, Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Archaeological Prospection 20(3):189203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kassabaum, Megan C., Henry, Edward R., Steponaitis, Vincas P., and O’hear, John W. 2014 Between Surface and Summit: The Process of Mound Construction at Feltus. Archaeological Prospection 21(1):2737.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
King, Jason L., and Buikstra, Jane E. 2006 Rituals of Renewal in the Lower Illinois River Valley: Evidence from the Mound House Site (11GE7). Unpublished Poster presented at the 71st annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Juan, Puerto Rico.Google Scholar
King, Jason, Buikstra, Jane, and Charles, Douglas 2011 Time and Archaeological Traditions in the Lower Illinois Valley. American Antiquity 76(3):500528.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
King, Jason L., Rudolph, Katie Z., and Buikstra, Jane E. 2010 Habitation Occupations at Floodplain Mound Sites in the Lower Illinois Valley: Evidence from the Mound House Site (11GE7). Unpublished Paper presented at the 56th annual meetings of the Midwest Archaeological Conference, Bloomington, Indiana.Google Scholar
Kvamme, Kenneth L. 2003 Geophysical Surveys as Landscape Archaeology. American Antiquity 68 (3):435457.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kvamme, Kenneth L. 2006 Magnetometry: Nature’s Gift to Archaeology. In Remote Sensing in Archaeology: An Explicitly North American Perspective, edited by Johnson, Jay K., pp. 205234. University Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa.Google Scholar
Kvamme, Kenneth L. 2008 Archaeological prospecting at the Double Ditch State Historic Site, North Dakota, USA. Archaeological Prospection 15(1):6279.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McAdams, William 1887 Records of Ancient Races in the Mississippi Valley. C. R. Barns, St. Louis.Google Scholar
Monaghan, G. William, and Peebles, Christopher S. 2010 The Construction, Use, and Abandonment of Angel Site Mound A: Tracing the History of a Middle Mississippian Town through Its Earthworks. American Antiquity 75(4):935953.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ortega, A. I., Benito-Calvo, A., Porres, J., Pérez-González, A., and Martín Merino, M. A. 2010 Applying Electrical Resistivity Tomography to the Identification of Endokarstic Geometries in the Pleistocene Sites of the Sierra de Atapuerca (Burgos, Spain). Archaeological Prospection 17(4):233245.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Perino, Gregory 1968 The Pete Klunk Mound Group, Calhoun County, Illinois: The Archaic and Hopewell Occupations. In Hopewell & Woodland Site Archaeology in Illinois, edited by Brown, James A., pp. 9124. Illinois Archaeological Survey, Urbana.Google Scholar
Perino, Gregory 2006 Illinois Hopewell and Late Woodland Mounds: The Excavations of Gregory Perino, 1950–1975. Illinois Transportation Archa, Champaign.Google Scholar
Rubey, William W. 1952 Geology and Mineral Resources of the Hardin and Brussels Quadrangles (in Illinois). Geological Survey 218. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. Google Scholar
Ruby, Bret J., Carr, Christopher, and Charles, Douglas K. 2005 Community Organizations in the Scioto, Mann, and Havana Hopewellian Regions: A Comparative Perspective. In Gathering Hopewell: Society, Ritual, and Ritual Interaction, edited by Carr, Christopher and Troy Case, D., pp. 119176. Kluwer Academic, New York.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schmidt, Armin 2013 Earth Resistance for Archaeologists. Rowman and Littlefield, Lanham, Maryland.Google Scholar
Struever, Stuart 1960 The Kamp Mound Group and a Hopewell Mortuary Complex in the Lower Illinois Valley. Unpublished Master’s Thesis, Department of Anthropology, Northwestern University, Evanston.Google Scholar
Struever, Stuart 1964 The Hopewell Interaction Sphere in Riverine: Western Great Lakes Culture History. In Hopewellian Studies, edited by Caldwell, Joseph R. and Hall, Robert L., Vol. 12 No. 3, pp. 85106. Illinois State Museum Scientific Papers, Springfield.Google Scholar
Struever, Stuart 1965 Middle Woodland Culture History in the Great Lakes Riverine Area. American Antiquity 31(2):211223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Struever, Stuart 1968 A Re-Examination of Hopewell in Eastern North America. Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Anthropology, University of Chicago.Google Scholar
Struever, Stuart, and Houart, Gail L. 1972 An Analysis of the Hopewell Interaction Sphere. In Social Exchange and Interaction, edited by Edwin N., Wilmsen, pp. 4779. Museum of Anthropology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.Google Scholar
Thomas, Cyrus 1894 Report on the Mound Exploration of the Bureau of Ethnology, 12th Annual Report of the Bureau of Ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, 1890–91. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. Google Scholar
Thompson, Victor D. 2014 Monumental Architecture, Households, and Archaeo-Geophysics in the American Southeast and Midwest. Archaeological Prospection 21(1):13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Thompson, Victor D., Arnold, Philip J., Pluckhahn, Thomas J., and Vanderwarker, Amber M. 2011 Situating Remote Sensing in Anthropological Archaeology. Archaeological Prospection 18(3):195213.Google Scholar
Van Nest, Julieann 2006 Rediscovering This Earth: Some Ethnogeological Aspects of the Illinois Valley Hopewell Mounds. In Recreating Hopewell, edited by Charles, Douglas K. and Buikstra, Jane E., pp. 402426. University Press of Florida, Gainesville.Google Scholar
Van Nest, J., Charles, D. K., Buikstra, Jane E., and Asch, D. L. 2001 Sod Blocks in Illinois Hopewell Mounds. American Antiquity 66(4):633650.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Whittaker, William E., and Storey, Glenn R. 2008 Ground-Penetrating Radar Survey of the Sny Magill Mound Group, Effigy Mounds National Monument, Iowa. Geoarchaeology 23(4):474499.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Woermann, J. W. 1905 Map of the Illinois and Des Plaines Rivers from Lockport, Illinois to the Mouth of the Illinois River. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Chicago.Google Scholar
11
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Mapping the Internal Structure of Hopewell Tumuli in the Lower Illinois River Valley through Archaeological Geophysics
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Mapping the Internal Structure of Hopewell Tumuli in the Lower Illinois River Valley through Archaeological Geophysics
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Mapping the Internal Structure of Hopewell Tumuli in the Lower Illinois River Valley through Archaeological Geophysics
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *