Hostname: page-component-77c89778f8-5wvtr Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-07-18T04:41:54.790Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Reuse Remix Recycle

Repurposing Archaeological Digital Data

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 March 2018

Jeremy Huggett*
Affiliation:
Archaeology, School of Humanities, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK (jeremy.huggett@glasgow.ac.uk)

Abstract

Preservation of digital data is predicated on the expectation of its reuse, yet that expectation has never been examined within archaeology. While we have extensive digital archives equipped to share data, evidence of reuse seems paradoxically limited. Most archaeological discussions have focused on data management and preservation and on disciplinary practices surrounding archiving and sharing data. This article addresses the reuse side of the data equation through a series of linked questions: What is the evidence for reuse, what constitutes reuse, what are the motivations for reuse, and what makes some data more suitable for reuse than others? It concludes by posing a series of questions aimed at better understanding our digital engagement with archaeological data.

La conservación de datos en formato digital se basa en la expectativa de su posterior reutilización y aprovechamiento. Sin embargo, esta expectativa nunca ha sido examinada como posibilidad razonable dentro del campo de la arqueología. Aunque contamos con grandes repositorios digitales equipados para compartir datos, los casos claros de reutilización de los mismos parecen ser paradójicamente limitados. La mayor parte de las discusiones sobre estas cuestiones en la arqueología se ha centrado en la gestión y conservación de datos, así como en prácticas de almacenamiento y acceso compartido. Este artículo aborda el tema de la reutilización de los datos en este contexto a través de una serie de preguntas vinculadas entre sí: ¿Qué evidencias o casos de reutilización existen?, ¿Qué constituye realmente una reutilización de datos?, ¿Cuáles son las motivaciones para su reutilización? y ¿Qué comporta que algunos datos sean más adecuados que otros para este propósito? El artículo concluye planteando una serie de preguntas enfocadas a una mejor comprensión de nuestra relación entre el medio digital y los datos arqueológicos.

Type
SPECIAL SECTION: DIGITAL DATA REUSE IN ARCHAEOLOGY
Copyright
Copyright 2018 © Society for American Archaeology 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

REFERENCES CITED

Anderson, Chris 2008 The End of Theory: The Data Deluge Makes the Scientific Method Obsolete. Wired Magazine 16 (7). Electronic document, http://www.wired.com/science/discoveries/magazine/16-07/pb_theory/, accessed August 9, 2017.Google Scholar
Arbuckle, Benjamin S., Kansa, Sarah Whitcher, Kansa, Eric, Orton, David, Çakırlar, Canan, Gourichon, Lionel, Atici, Levent, Galik, Alfred, Marciniak, Arkadiusz, Mulville, Jacqui, Buitenhuis, Hijlke, Carruthers, Denise, Cupere, Bea De, Demirergi, Arzu, Frame, Sheelagh, Helmer, Daniel, Martin, Louise, Peters, Joris, Pöllath, Nadja, Pawłowska, Kamilla, Russell, Nerissa, Twiss, Katheryn, and Würtenberger, Doris 2014 Data Sharing Reveals Complexity in the Westward Spread of Domestic Animals across Neolithic Turkey. PLOS ONE 9 (6): e99845. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0099845.Google Scholar
Archaeology Data Service 2014 Data Management and Sharing Plans. Electronic document, https://archaeologydataservice.ac.uk/advice/DataManagementPlans.xhtml, accessed August 9, 2017.Google Scholar
Armit, Ian, Swindles, Graeme T., and Becker, Katharina 2013 From Dates to Demography in Later Prehistoric Ireland? Experimental Approaches to the Meta-analysis of Large 14C Data-Sets. Journal of Archaeological Science 40:433438. DOI:10.1016/j.jas.2012.08.039.Google Scholar
Ash, James, Kitchen, Rob, and Leszczynski, Agnieszka 2016 Digital Turn, Digital Geographies? Progress in Human Geography. DOI:10.1177/0309132516664800.Google Scholar
Atici, Levent, Kansa, Sarah Whitcher, Lev-Tov, Justin, and Kansa, Eric 2013 Other People's Data: A Demonstration of the Imperative of Publishing Primary Data. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 20:663681. DOI:10.1007/s10816-012-9132-9.Google Scholar
Baker, Drew 2012 Defining Paradata in Heritage Visualisation. In Paradata and Transparency in Virtual Heritage, edited by Bentkowska-Kafel, Anna, Denard, Hugh, and Baker, Drew, pp. 163175. Ashgate, Farnham, UK.Google Scholar
Baker, Monya 2016 Is There a Reproducibility Crisis? Nature 533:452454.Google Scholar
Barrett, John C. 1987 The Glastonbury Lake Village: Models and Source Criticism. Archaeological Journal 144:409423.Google Scholar
Bechhofer, Sean, Buchan, Iain, De Roure, David, Missier, Paolo, Ainsworth, John, Bhagat, Jiten, Couch, Philip, Cruickshank, Don, Delderfield, Mark, Dunlop, Ian, Gamble, Matthew, Michaelides, Danius, Owen, Stuart, Newman, David, Sufi, Shoaib, and Goble, Carole 2012 Why Linked Data Is Not Enough for Scientists. Future Generation Computer Systems 29:599611. DOI:10.1016/j.future.2011.08.004.Google Scholar
Beck, Anthony, and Neylon, Cameron 2012 A Vision for Open Archaeology. World Archaeology 44:479497. DOI:10.1080/00438243.2012.737581.Google Scholar
Bevan, Andrew 2012 Spatial Methods for Analysing Large-Scale Artefact Inventories. Antiquity 86:492506. DOI:10.1017/S0003598X0006289X.Google Scholar
Bishop, Libby, and Kuula-Luumi, Arja 2017 Revisiting Qualitative Data Reuse: A Decade On. SAGE Open 7:115. DOI:10.1177/2158244016685136.Google Scholar
Borgman, Christine L. 2007 Scholarship in the Digital Age: Information, Infrastructure, and the Internet. MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.Google Scholar
Borgman, Christine L. 2012 The Conundrum of Sharing Research Data. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 63:10591078. DOI:10.1002/asi.22634.Google Scholar
Borgman, Christine L. 2015 Big Data, Little Data, No Data: Scholarship in the Networked World. MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.Google Scholar
Bradbury, Jennie, Davies, Douglas, Jay, Mandy, Philip, Graham, Roberts, Charlotte, and Scarre, Chris 2016 Making the Dead Visible: Problems and Solutions for “Big” Picture Approaches to the Past, and Dealing with “Large” Mortuary Datasets. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 23:561591. DOI:10.1007/s10816-015-9251-1.Google Scholar
Carver, Martin 1985 The Friendly User. In Current Issues in Archaeological Computing, edited by Cooper, Malcolm A. and Richards, Julian D., pp. 4761. British Archaeological Reports International Series. Oxford.Google Scholar
Cherry, John F. 2011 Still Not Digging, Much. Archaeological Dialogues 18:1017. DOI:10.1017/S1380203811000055.Google Scholar
Clarke, Roger 2016 Big Data, Big Risks. Information Systems Journal 26:7790. DOI:10.1111/isj.12088.Google Scholar
Conolly, James, Colledge, Sue, Dobney, Keith, Vigne, Jean-Denis, Peters, Joris, Stopp, Barbara, Manning, Katie, and Shennan, Stephen 2011 Meta-analysis of Zooarchaeological Data from SW Asia and SE Europe Provides Insight into the Origins and Spread of Animal Husbandry. Journal of Archaeological Science 38:538545. DOI:10.1016/j.jas.2010.10.008.10.1016/j.jas.2010.10.008Google Scholar
Cooper, Anwen, and Green, Chris 2016 Embracing the Complexities of “Big Data” in Archaeology: The Case of the English Landscape and Identities Project. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 23:271304. DOI:10.1007/s10816-015-9240-4.Google Scholar
Costa, Stefano, Beck, Anthony, Bevan, Andrew, and Ogden, Jessica 2013 Defining and Advocating Open Data in Archaeology. In Archaeology in the Digital Era: Papers from the 40th Annual Conference of Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology (CAA), edited by Earl, Graeme, Sly, Tim, Crystanthi, Angeliki, Murietta-Flores, Patricia, Papadopoulos, Constantinos, Romanowska, Iza, and Wheatley, David, pp. 449456. Amsterdam University Press, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
Curty, Renata Gonçalves 2016 Factors Influencing Research Data Reuse in the Social Sciences: An Exploratory Study. International Journal of Digital Curation 11:96117. DOI:10.2218/ijdc.v11i1.401.Google Scholar
Curty, Renata Gonçalves, and Qin, Jian 2014 Towards a Model for Research Data Reuse Behavior. Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 51:14. DOI:10.1002/meet.2014.14505101072.Google Scholar
Custers, Bart, and Uršič, Helena 2016 Big Data and Data Reuse: A Taxonomy of Data Reuse for Balancing Big Data Benefits and Personal Data Protection. International Data Privacy Law 6:415. DOI:10.1093/idpl/ipv028.Google Scholar
Dallmeier-Tiessen, Suenje, Darby, Robert, Gitmans, Kathrin, Lambert, Simon, Matthews, Brian, Mele, Salvatore, Suhonen, Jari, and Wilson, Michael 2014 Enabling Sharing and Reuse of Scientific Data. New Review of Information Networking 19:1643. DOI:10.1080/13614576.2014.883936.Google Scholar
Dappert, Angela, Farquhar, Adam, Kotarski, Rachael, and Hewlett, Kirstie 2017 Connecting the Persistent Identifier Ecosystem: Building the Technical and Human Infrastructure for Open Research. Data Science Journal 16 (28):116. DOI:10.5334/dsj-2017-028.Google Scholar
Fagan, Brian 1995 Timelines: Archaeology's Dirty Secret. Archaeology 48 (4):1417.Google Scholar
Faniel, lxchel, Barrera-Gomez, Julianna, Kriesberg, Adam, and Yakel, Elizabeth 2013 A Comparative Study of Data Reuse among Quantitative Social Scientists and Archaeologists. In iConference 2013 Proceedings, pp. 797–800. Electronic document, http://hdl.handle.net/2142/42099, accessed August 9, 2017.Google Scholar
Faniel, Ixchel, Kansa, Eric, Whitcher Kansa, Sarah, Barrera-Gomez, Julianna, and Yakel, Elizabeth 2013 The Challenges of Digging Data: A Study of Context in Archaeological Data Reuse. In Proceedings of the 13th ACM/IEEE-CS Joint Conference on Digital Libraries (JCDL ’13), pp. 295–304. ACM, New York. DOI:10.1145/2467696.2467712.Google Scholar
Faniel, Ixchel, Kriesberg, Adam, and Yakel, Elizabeth 2016 Social Scientists’ Satisfaction with Data Reuse. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology 67:14041416. DOI:10.1002/asi.23480.Google Scholar
Frank, Rebecca D., Yakel, Elizabeth, and Faniel, Ixchel 2015 Deconstruction/Reconstruction: Preservation of Archaeological and Zoological Research Data. Archival Science 15 (2):141167. DOI:10.1007/s10502-014-9238-9.Google Scholar
Gattiglia, Gabriele 2015 Think Big about Data: Archaeology and the Big Data Challenge. Archäologische Informationen 38:113124.Google Scholar
Green, Katie 2016 Digital Data in Archaeology: Preservation, Access and Re-use—The Work of the Archaeology Data Service. In Proceedings of the 2nd Data Management Workshop—Kölner Geographische Arbeiten 96, edited by Curdt, Constanze and Willmes, Christian, pp. 1723. Geographisches Institut der Universität zu Köln, Cologne. DOI:10.5880/TR32DB.KGA96.4.Google Scholar
Haustein, Stefanie 2016 Grand Challenges in Altmetrics: Heterogeneity, Data Quality and Dependencies. Scientometrics 108:413423. DOI 10.1007/s11192-016-1910-9.Google Scholar
Heidorn, P. Bryan 2008 Shedding Light on the Dark Data in the Long Tail of Science. Library Trends 57:280299. DOI:10.1353/lib.0.0036.Google Scholar
Huggett, Jeremy 2014 Promise and Paradox: Accessing Open Data in Archaeology. In Proceedings of the Digital Humanities Congress 2012, edited by Mills, Clare, Pidd, Michael, and Ward, Esther. HRI Online, Sheffield, UK. Electronic document, https://www.hrionline.ac.uk/openbook/chapter/dhc2012-huggett, accessed August 9, 2017.Google Scholar
Huggett, Jeremy 2015 Digital Haystacks: Open Data and the Transformation of Archaeological Knowledge. In Open Source Archaeology: Ethics and Practice, edited by Wilson, Andrew T. and Edwards, Ben, pp. 629. De Gruyter Open, Berlin. DOI:10.1515/9783110440171-003.Google Scholar
Huvila, Isto 2016If We Just Knew Who Should Do It,” or The Social Organization of the Archiving of Archaeology in Sweden. Information Research 21 (2). Electronic document, http://www.informationr.net/ir/21-2/paper713.html, accessed August 9, 2017.Google Scholar
Jagadish, H. V. 2015 Big Data and Science: Myths and Reality. Big Data Research 2 (2):4052. DOI:10.1016/j.bdr.2015.01.005.Google Scholar
Jones, Emily Lena, and Gabe, Caroline 2015 The Promise and Peril of Older Collections: Meta-analyses and the Zooarchaeology of Late Prehistoric/Early Historic New Mexico. Open Quaternary 1 (1): Art. 6. DOI:10.5334/oq.ag.Google Scholar
Kandel, Sean, Heer, Jeffrey, Plaisant, Catherine, Kennedy, Jessie, van Ham, Frank, Henry Riche, Nathalie, Weaver, Chris, Lee, Bongshin, Brodbeck, Dominique, and Buono, Paolo 2011 Research Directions in Data Wrangling: Visualizations and Transformations for Usable and Credible Data. Information Visualisation 10:271288. DOI:10.1177/1473871611415994.Google Scholar
Kansa, Eric, Kansa, Sarah Whitcher, and Arbuckle, Benjamin 2014 Publishing and Pushing: Mixing Models for Communicating Research Data in Archaeology. International Journal of Digital Curation 9:5770. DOI:10.2218/ijdc.v9i1.301.Google Scholar
Kansa, Sarah Whitcher 2015 Using Linked Open Data to Improve Data Reuse in Zooarchaeology. Ethnobiology Letters 6:224231. DOI:10.14237/ebl.6.2.2015.467.Google Scholar
Kansa, Sarah Whitcher, and Kansa, Eric 2014 Data Publishing and Archaeology's Information Ecosystem. Near Eastern Archaeology 77:223227.Google Scholar
Kitchin, Rob 2014 The Data Revolution: Big Data, Open Data, Data Infrastructures and Their Consequences. SAGE, London.Google Scholar
Markus, Lynne M. 2001 Toward a Theory of Knowledge Reuse: Types of Knowledge Reuse Situations and Factors in Reuse Success. Journal of Management Information Systems 18:5793. DOI:10.1080/07421222.2001.11045671.Google Scholar
Marwick, Ben 2017 Computational Reproducibility in Archaeological Research: Basic Principles and a Case Study of Their Implementation. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 24:424450. DOI:10.1007/s10816-015-9272-9.Google Scholar
Mauthner, Natasha S., and Parry, Odette 2009 Qualitative Data Preservation and Sharing in the Social Sciences: On Whose Philosophical Terms? Australian Journal of Social Issues 44:289305.Google Scholar
Mayer-Shönberger, Viktor, and Cukier, Kenneth 2013 Big Data: A Revolution That Will Transform How We Live, Work and Think. John Murray, London.Google Scholar
Merriman, Nick, and Swain, Hedley 1999 Archaeological Archives: Serving the Public Interest? European Journal of Archaeology 2:246267. DOI:10.1179/eja.1999.2.2.249.Google Scholar
Mooney, Hailey, and Newton, Mark P. 2012 The Anatomy of a Data Citation: Discovery, Reuse, and Credit. Journal of Librarianship and Scholarly Communication 1 (1): eP1035. DOI:10.7710/2162-3309.1035.Google Scholar
Mudge, Mark 2012 Transparency for Empirical Data. In Paradata and Transparency in Virtual Heritage, edited by Bentkowska-Kafel, Anna, Denard, Hugh, and Baker, Drew, pp. 177188. Ashgate, Farnham, UK.Google Scholar
Müller, Heiko, and Freytag, Johann-Christoph 2003 Problems, Methods and Challenges in Comprehensive Data Cleansing. Technical Report HUB-IB-164, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. Institut für Informatik, Berlin. Electronic document, http://www.dbis.informatik.hu-berlin.de/fileadmin/research/papers/techreports/2003-hub_ib_164-mueller.pdf, accessed August 9, 2017.Google Scholar
Naylor, John, and Richards, Julian D. 2005 Third-Party Data for First Class Research. Archeologia e Calcolatori 16:8391. Electronic document, http://www.archcalc.cnr.it/indice/PDF16/NAYLOR83-92.pdf, accessed August 9, 2017.Google Scholar
Park, Hyoungjoo, and Wolfram, Dietmar 2017 An Examination of Research Data Sharing and Re-use: Implications for Data Citation Practice. Scientometrics 111:433461. DOI:10.1007/s11192-017-2240-2.Google Scholar
Pasquetto, Irene V., Randles, Bernadette M., and Borgman, Christine L. 2017 On the Reuse of Scientific Data. Data Science Journal 16: art8. DOI:10.5334/dsj2017-008.Google Scholar
Peters, Isabella, Kraker, Peter, Lex, Elisabeth, Gumpenberger, Christian, and Gorraiz, Juan 2016 Research Data Explored: An Extended Analysis of Citations and Altmetrics. Scientometrics 107:723744. DOI:10.1007/s11192-016-1887-4.Google Scholar
Piwowar, Heather A., and Vision, Todd J. 2013 Data Reuse and the Open Data Citation Advantage. PeerJ 1: e175. DOI:10.7717/peerj.175.Google Scholar
Richards, Julian D. 2002 Digital Preservation and Access. European Journal of Archaeology 5:343366. DOI:10.1179/eja.2002.5.3.343.Google Scholar
Richards, Julian D. 2017 Twenty Years Preserving Data: A View from the United Kingdom. Advances in Archaeological Practice. DOI:10.1017/aap.2017.11.Google Scholar
Richards, Julian D., Naylor, John, and Holas-Clark, Caroline 2009 Anglo-Saxon Landscape and Economy: Using Portable Antiquities to Study Anglo-Saxon and Viking Age England. Internet Archaeology 5. DOI:10.11141/ia.25.2.Google Scholar
Robinson-Garcia, Nicolas, Mongeon, Philippe, Jeng, Wei, and Costas, Rodrigo 2017 DataCite as a Novel Bibliometric Source: Coverage, Strengths and Limitations. Journal of Informetrics 11:841854. DOI:10.1016/j.joi.2017.07.003.Google Scholar
Sasse, Tom, Smith, Amanda, Broad, Ellen, Tennison, Jeni, Wells, Peter, and Atz, Ulrich 2017 Recommendations for Open Data Portals: From Setup to Sustainability. Electronic document, https://www.europeandataportal.eu/sites/default/files/edp_s3wp4_sustainability_recommendations.pdf, accessed August 9, 2017.Google Scholar
Smith, Michael E. 2015 How Can Archaeologists Make Better Arguments? SAA Archaeological Record 15 (4):1823.Google Scholar
Tuomi, Ilkka 1999 Data Is More Than Knowledge: Implications of the Reversed Knowledge Hierarchy for Knowledge Management and Organizational Memory. Journal of Management Information Systems 16 (3): 103117.Google Scholar
Wallis, Jillian, Rolando, Elizabeth, and Borgman, Christine L. 2013 If We Share Data, Will Anyone Use Them? Data Sharing and Reuse in the Long Tail of Science and Technology. PLOS ONE 8 (7): e67332. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0067332.Google Scholar
Wilkinson, Mark D., Dumontier, Michel, Jan Aalbersberg, IJsbrand, Appleton, Gabrielle, Axton, Myles, Baak, Arie, Blomberg, Niklas, Boiten, Jan-Willem, da Silva Santos, Luiz Bonino, Bourne, Philip E., Bouwman, Jildau, Brookes, Anthony J., Clark, Tim, Crosas, Mercè, Dillo, Ingrid, Dumon, Olivier, Edmunds, Scott, Evelo, Chris T., Finkers, Richard, Gonzalez-Beltran, Alejandra, Gray, Alasdair J. G., Groth, Paul, Goble, Carole, Grethe, Jeffrey S., Heringa, Jaap, ’t Hoen, Peter A. C., Hooft, Rob, Kuhn, Tobias, Kok, Ruben, Kok, Joost, Lusher, Scott J., Martone, Maryann E., Mons, Albert, Packer, Abel L., Persson, Bengt, Rocca-Serra, Philippe, Roos, Marco, van Schaik, Rene, Sansone, Susanna-Assunta, Schultes, Erik, Sengstag, Thierry, Slater, Ted, Strawn, George, Swertz, Morris A., Thompson, Mark, van der Lei, Johan, van Mulligen, Erik, Velterop, Jan, Waagmeester, Andra, Wittenburg, Peter, Wolstencroft, Katherine, Zhao, Jun, and Mons, Barend 2016 The FAIR Guiding Principles for Scientific Data Management and Stewardship. Scientific Data 3: 160018. DOI:10.1038/sdata.2016.18.Google Scholar
Wylie, Alison 2017 How Archaeological Evidence Bites Back: Strategies for Putting Old Data to Work in New Ways. Science, Technology, and Human Values 42:203225. DOI:10.1177/0162243916671200.Google Scholar
Zimmerman, Ann S. 2008 New Knowledge from Old Data: The Role of Standards in the Sharing and Reuse of Ecological Data. Science, Technology, and Human Values 33:631652. DOI:10.1177/0162243907306704.Google Scholar