Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Beyond the Archive: Bridging Data Creation and Reuse in Archaeology

  • Ixchel M. Faniel (a1), Anne Austin (a2), Eric Kansa (a3), Sarah Whitcher Kansa (a3), Phoebe France (a4), Jennifer Jacobs (a3), Ran Boytner (a5) and Elizabeth Yakel (a6)...
Abstract

This article presents research on archaeological data creation and management practices at two excavations in Europe in order to gain a better understanding of how to align these practices with the data reuse needs of a broader research community. The Secret Life of Data project follows the life cycle of data from the field to the digital repository to better understand opportunities and challenges in data interpretation, publication, and preservation. Our “Slow Data” approach focuses not on maximizing the speed and quantity of data but, rather, on emphasizing curation, contextualization, communication, and broader understanding. Through a mixed-methods approach of interviews, field observations, and excavation data assessments, we recommended changes (both technical and organizational) to improve data creation and management practices. We report our findings and offer readers guidance on streamlining data collection for reuse during excavation.

Este artículo presenta los resultados de una investigación sobre la creación y gestión de datos arqueológicos en dos excavaciones en Europa con el objetivo de mejor entender cómo alinear esas prácticas con las necesidades de reutilización de datos de una comunidad de investigadores más amplia. El proyecto “La vida secreta de los datos” (cuya sigla en inglés es SLO-data) sigue el ciclo de vida de los datos desde su recolección en campo hasta su almacenamiento en un repositorio digital para entender oportunidades y retos relacionados con su interpretación, publicación y conservación. Nuestro enfoque basado en “datos lentos” (“Slow data”) no busca maximizar la velocidad y cantidad de datos; al contrario, enfatiza su curación, contextualización, comunicación y mayor comprensión. Gracias a un planteamiento metodológico combinado que incluyó entrevistas, observaciones de campo y evaluación de datos de excavación, se elaboró una serie de recomendaciones (tanto técnicas como administrativas) para optimizar la creación y gestión práctica de datos. Presentamos los resultados del estudio y ofrecemos consejos para racionalizar la recolección de datos en campo con el fin de facilitar su reutilización futura.

Copyright
Corresponding author
(fanieli@oclc.org, corresponding author)
References
Hide All
Arbuckle, Benjamin S., Kansa, Sarah Whitcher, Kansa, Eric, Orton, David, Çakırlar, Canan, Gourichon, Lionel, Atici, Levent, Galik, Alfred, Marciniak, Arkadiusz, Mulville, Jacqui, Buitenhuis, Hijlke, Carruthers, Denise, De Cupere, Bea, Demirergi, Arzu, Frame, Sheelagh, Helmer, Daniel, Martin, Louise, Peters, Joris, Pöllath, Nadja, Pawłowska, Kamilla, Russell, Nerissa, Twiss, Katheryn, and Würtenberger, Doris 2014 Data Sharing Reveals Complexity in the Westward Spread of Domestic Animals across Neolithic Turkey. PLOS ONE 9 (6): e99845. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099845.
Austin, Anne 2014 Mobilizing Archaeologists: Increasing the Quantity and Quality of Data Collected in the Field with Mobile Technology. Advances in Archaeological Practice 2 (1):1323.
Averett, Erin Walcek, Gordon, Jody Michael, and Counts, Derek B. (editors) 2016 Mobilizing the Past for a Digital Future: The Potential of Digital Archaeology. Digital Press at the University of North Dakota, Grand Forks. Electronic document, http://dc.uwm.edu/arthist_mobilizingthepast/1.
Binding, Ceri, and Tudhope, Douglas 2016 Improving Interoperability Using Vocabulary Linked Data. International Journal on Digital Libraries 17 (1):521. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00799-015-0166-y.
Borgman, Christine L. 2007 Scholarship in the Digital Age. MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Buchanan, Sarah A. 2016 A Provenance Research Study of Archaeological Curation. PhD dissertation, Department of Information, University of Texas at Austin, Austin.
Caraher, William 2016 Slow Archaeology: Technology, Efficiency, and Archaeological Work. In Mobilizing the Past for a Digital Future: The Potential of Digital Archaeology, edited by Averett, Erin Walcek, Gordon, Jody Michael, and Counts, Derek B., pp. 421441. Digital Press at the University of North Dakota, Grand Forks.
Clarke, Mary 2015 The Digital Dilemma: Preservation and the Digital Archaeological Record. Advances in Archaeological Practice 3 (4):313330. https://doi.org/10.7183/2326-3768.3.4.313.
Edgeworth, Matt 2006 Acts of Discovery: An Ethnography of Archaeological Practice. PhD dissertation, Department of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of Durham, Durham, United Kingdom.
Faniel, Ixchel M., and Jacobsen, Trond E. 2010 Reusing Scientific Data: How Earthquake Engineering Researchers Assess the Reusability of Colleagues’ Data. Computer Supported Cooperative Work 19 (3–4):355375. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10606-010-9117-8.
Faniel, Ixchel, Kansa, Eric, Kansa, Sarah W., Barrera-Gomez, Julianna, and Yakel, Elizabeth 2013 The Challenges of Digging Data: A Study of Context in Archaeological Data Reuse. In Proceedings of the 13th ACM/IEEE-CS Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, pp. 295304. ACM, New York. https://doi.org/10.1145/2467696.2467712.
Faniel, Ixchel M., and Yakel, Elizabeth 2017 Practices Do Not Make Perfect: Disciplinary Data Sharing and Reuse Practices and Their Implications for Repository Data Curation. In Curating Research Data, Vol. One: Practical Strategies for Your Digital Repository, pp. 103126. Association of College and Research Libraries, Chicago.
Frank, Rebecca D., Yakel, Elizabeth, and Faniel, Ixchel M. 2015 Destruction/Reconstruction: Preservation of Archaeological and Zoological Research Data. Archival Science 15 (2):141167. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10502-014-9238-9.
Gordon, Jody Michael, Averett, Erin Walcek, and Counts, Derek B. 2016 Mobile Computing in Archaeology: Exploring and Interpreting Current Practices. In Mobilizing the Past for a Digital Future: The Potential of Digital Archaeology, edited by Averett, Erin Walcek, Gordon, Jody Michael, and Counts, Derek B., pp. 130. Digital Press at the University of North Dakota, Grand Forks.
Huggett, Jeremy 2015 Challenging Digital Archaeology. Open Archaeology 1 (1):7985. Electronic document, https://doi.org/10.1515/opar-2015-0003, accessed November 15, 2017.
Huvila, Isto 2011 The Politics of Boundary Objects: Hegemonic Interventions and the Making of a Document. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology 62 (12):25282539. DOI:10.1002/asi.21639.
Kansa, Eric C. 2015 Reimagining Archaeological Publication for the 21st Century. In Across Space and Time: Papers from the 41st Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology, Perth, 25–28 March 2013, edited by Traviglia, Arianna, pp. 367378. Amsterdam University Press, Amsterdam.
Kansa, Eric C. 2016 Click Here to Save the Past. In Mobilizing the Past for a Digital Future, edited by Averett, Erin Walcek, Gordon, Jody Michael, and Counts, Derek B., pp. 443474. Digital Press at the University of North Dakota, Grand Forks.
Kansa, Eric C., Kansa, Sarah Whitcher, and Arbuckle, Benjamin 2014 Publishing and Pushing: Mixing Models for Communicating Research Data in Archaeology. International Journal of Digital Curation 9 (1): 5770.
Kansa, Eric C., Kansa, Sarah Whitcher, and Watrall, Ethan (editors) 2011 Archaeology 2.0: New Tools for Communication and Collaboration. Cotsen Institute of Archaeology Press, Los Angeles.
Khazraee, Emad, and Gasson, Susan 2015 Epistemic Objects and Embeddedness: Knowledge Construction and Narratives in Research Networks of Practice. Information Society 31 (2):139159. https://doi.org/10.1080/01972243.2015.998104.
Kintigh, Keith, and Altschul, Jeff 2010 Sustaining the Digital Archaeological Record. Heritage Management 3:264274.
Kratz, John, and Strasser, Carly 2014 Data Publication Consensus and Controversies. F1000Research 3. Electronic document, http://f1000research.com/articles/3-94/v1.
McManamon, Francis P., and Kintigh, Keith 2010 Digital Antiquity: Transforming Archaeological Data into Knowledge. SAA Archaeological Record 10 (2):3740.
Maltby, Mark (editor) 2006 Integrating Zooarchaeology. Proceedings of the 9th ICAZ Conference. Oxbow Books, Oxford.
Marwick, Ben 2016 Computational Reproducibility in Archaeological Research: Basic Principles and a Case Study of Their Implementation. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 24 (2):424450.
Mickel, Allison 2015 Reasons for Redundancy in Reflexivity: The Role of Diaries in Archaeological Epistemology. Journal of Field Archaeology 40 (3):300309. https://doi.org/10.1179/2042458214Y.0000000002.
Peer, Limor, Green, Ann, and Stephenson, Elizabeth 2014 Committing to Data Quality Review. International Journal of Digital Curation 9 (1):263291. https://doi.org/10.2218/ijdc.v9i1.317.
Richards, Julian 1997 Preservation and Re-use of Digital Data: The Role of the Archaeology Data Service. Antiquity 71 (274):10571059.
Roosevelt, Christopher H., Cobb, Peter, Moss, Emanuel, Olson, Brandon R., and Ünlüsoy, Sinan 2015 Excavation Is Destruction Digitization: Advances in Archaeological Practice. Journal of Field Archaeology 40 (3):325346. https://doi.org/10.1179/2042458215Y.0000000004.
VanDerwarker, Amber M., and Peres, Tanya M. (editors) 2010 Integrating Zooarchaeology and Paleoethnobotany: A Consideration of Issues, Methods, and Cases. Springer, New York.
Wallis, Jillian 2014 Data Producers Courting Data Reusers: Two Cases from Modeling Communities. International Journal of Digital Curation 9 (1):98109. https://doi.org/10.2218/ijdc.v9i1.304.
Wallis, Jillian, Rolando, Elizabeth, and Borgman, Christine 2013 If We Share Data, Will Anyone Use Them? Data Sharing and Reuse in the Long Tail of Science and Technology. PLOS ONE 8 (7): e67332. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0067332.
Wang, Tricia 2013 Big Data Needs Thick Data. Ethnography Matters (blog), May 13, 2013. Electronic document, http://ethnographymatters.net/blog/2013/05/13/big-data-needs-thick-data/.
Yakel, Elizabeth, Faniel, Ixchel, Kriesberg, Adam, and Yoon, Ayoung 2013 Trust in Digital Repositories. International Journal of Digital Curation 8 (1):143156. https://doi.org/10.2218/ijdc.v8i1.251.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Advances in Archaeological Practice
  • ISSN: -
  • EISSN: 2326-3768
  • URL: /core/journals/advances-in-archaeological-practice
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed