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Towards an Evaluation-Based Framework of Collaborative Archaeology

  • David R. Guilfoyle (a1) and Erin A. Hogg (a2)
Abstract

Collaborative archaeology is a growing field within the discipline, albeit one that is rarely analyzed. Although collaborative approaches are varied and diverse, we argue that they can all share a single methodological framework. Moreover, we suggest that collaborative archaeology projects can be evaluated to determine the variety among projects and to identify the elements of engaged research. We provide two case studies emphasizing project evaluation: (1) inter-project evaluation of community-engagement in British Columbia archaeology and (2) intra-project evaluation of co-management archaeology projects in Western Australia. The two case studies highlight that project evaluation is possible and that a single framework can be applied to many different types of projects. Collaborative archaeology requires analysis and evaluation to determine what facilitates engagement to further the discipline and to create better connections between archaeologists and community members. The discussed case studies illustrate two shared methods for accomplishing this. The paper argues that collaborative approaches are necessary for advancing archaeological practice.

La arqueología colaborativa es un área de estudio que se ha desarrollado dentro de esta disciplina, no obstante los limitados análisis que existen en torno a ella. Aunque los enfoques en colaboración son variados y diversos, sostenemos que en su conjunto pueden compartir un mismo marco metodológico. Además, se sugiere que los proyectos de arqueología colaborativa pueden ser evaluados para determinar la variedad que existe entre ellos y determinar en qué consiste una investigación con compromiso. Presentamos dos estudios de caso que se enfocan en la evaluación de proyectos: (1) una inter evaluación de un proyecto con compromiso comunitario en la arqueología de British Columbia y (2) una intra evaluación de proyectos de manejo compartido en Western Australia. Los dos estudios de caso destacan que es posible evaluar los proyectos y que una misma metodología puede evaluar diferentes tipos de proyectos. La arqueología colaborativa requiere analizarse y evaluarse para determinar qué es lo que facilita el compromiso para impulsar a la disciplina y crear mejores relaciones entre los arqueólogos y los miembros de la comunidad. Los estudios de caso analizados comparten dos métodos que hacen esto posible. Este artículo sostiene que las estrategias de colaboración son necesarias para impulsar la práctica arqueológica.

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