Baikie, K. A. (2003) Rewriting Trauma: How and for Whom Does the Writing Paradigm Work? Doctoral dissertation. Sydney: Macquarie University.
Batten, S. V. (2002) Written disclosure as a therapeutic tool. In Innovations in Clinical Practice: A Source Book (vol. 20) (eds VandeCreek, L. & Jackson, T. L.) pp. 257–268. Sarasota, FL: Professional Resource Press.
Batten, S. V., Follette, V. M., Rasmussen Hall, M. L.
et al (2002) Physical and psychological effects of written disclosure among sexual abuse survivors. Behavior Therapy, 33, 107–122.
Booth, R. J., Petrie, K. J. & Pennebaker, J. W. (1997) Changes in circulating lymphocyte numbers following emotional disclosure: evidence of buffering?
Stress Medicine, 13, 23–29.
Broderick, J. E., Stone, A. A., Smyth, J. M.
et al (2004) The feasibility and effectiveness of an expressive writing intervention for rheumatoid arthritis via home-based videotaped instructions. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 27, 50–59.
Cameron, L. D. & Nicholls, G. (1998) Expression of stressful experiences through writing: Effects of a self-regulation manipulation for pessimists and optimists. Health Psychology, 17, 84–92.
Davidson, K., Schwartz, A. R., Sheffield, D.
et al (2002) Expressive writing and blood pressure. In The Writing Cure: How Expressive Writing Promotes Health and Emotional Well-being (eds Lepore, S. J. & Smyth, J. M.) pp. 17–30. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
de Moor, C., Sterner, J., Hall, M.
et al (2002) A pilot study of the effects of expressive writing on psychological and behavioral adjustment in patients enrolled in a Phase II trial of vaccine therapy for metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Health Psychology, 21, 615–619.
Deters, P. B. & Range, L. M. (2003) Does writing reduce posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms?
Violence and Victims, 18, 569–580.
Earnhardt, J. L., Martz, D. M., Ballard, M. E.
et al (2002) A writing intervention for negative body image: Pennebaker fails to surpass the placebo. Journal of College Student Psychotherapy, 17, 19–35.
Esterling, B. A., Antoni, M. H., Fletcher, M. A.
et al (1994) Emotional disclosure through writing or speaking modulates latent Epstein–Barr virus antibody titers. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 62, 130–140.
Foa, E. B. & Rothbaum, B. O. (1998) Treating the Trauma of Rape: Cognitive–Behavioral Therapy for PTSD. New York: Guilford Press.
Francis, M. E. & Pennebaker, J. W. (1992) Putting stress into words. The impact of writing on physiological, absentee, and self-reported emotional well-being measures. American Journal of Health Promotion, 6, 280–287.
Frisina, P. G., Borod, J. C. & Lepore, S. J. (2004) A meta-analysis of the effects of written emotional disclosure on the health outcomes of clinical populations. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 192, 629–634.
Gallant, M. D. & Lafreniere, K. D. (2003) Effects of an emotional disclosure writing task on the physical and psychological functioning of children of alcoholics. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, 21, 55–66.
Gidron, Y., Peri, T., Connolly, J. F.
et al (1996) Written disclosure in posttraumatic stress disorder: is it beneficial for the patient?
Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 184, 505–507.
Gidron, Y., Duncan, E., Lazar, A.
et al (2002) Effects of guided written disclosure of stressful experiences on clinic visits and symptoms in frequent clinic attenders. Family Practice, 19, 161–166.
Greenberg, M. A. & Stone, A. A. (1992) Emotional disclosure about traumas and its relation to health. Effects of previous disclosure and trauma severity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 63, 75–84.
Greenberg, M. A., Wortman, C. B. & Stone, A. A. (1996) Emotional expression and physical heath. Revising traumatic memories or fostering self-regulation?
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 71, 588–602.
Harber, K. D. & Pennebaker, J. W. (1992) Overcoming traumatic memories. In The Handbook of Emotion and Memory: Research and Theory (ed. Christianson, S.-Å.) pp. 359–387. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Harvey, A. G. & Farrell, C. (2003) The efficacy of a Pennebaker-like writing intervention for poor sleepers. Behavioral Sleep Medicine, 1, 115–124.
Hockemeyer, J. R., Smyth, J. M., Anderson, C. F.
et al (1999) Is it safe to write? Evaluating the short-term distress produced by writing about emotionally traumatic experiences [abstract]. Psychosomatic Medicine, 61, 99.
King, L. A. & Miner, K. N. (2000) Writing about the perceived benefits of traumatic events: implications for physical health. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 26, 220–230.
Klapow, J. C., Schmidt, S. M., Taylor, L. A.
et al (2001) Symptom management in older primary care patients. Feasibility of an experimental, written self-disclosure protocol. Annals of Internal Medicine, 134 (9 Pt 2), 905–911.
Klein, K. & Boals, A. (2001) Expressive writing can increase working memory capacity. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 130, 520–533.
Kovac, S. H. & Range, L. M. (2002) Does writing about suicidal thoughts and feelings reduce them?
Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 32, 428–440.
Lange, A., van de Ven, J. P., Schrieken, B. A.
et al (2000) Internet-mediated, protocol-driven treatment of psychological dysfunction. Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare, 6, 15–21.
Lepore, S. J. (1997) Expressive writing moderates the relation between intrusive thoughts and depressive symptoms. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 73, 1030–1037.
Lepore, S. J. & Greenberg, M. A. (2002) Mending broken hearts: Effects of expressive writing on mood, cognitive processing, social adjustment and health following a relationship breakup. Psychology and Health, 17, 547–560.
Lepore, S. J. & Smyth, J. M. (eds) (2002) The Writing Cure: How Expressive Writing Promotes Health and Emotional Well-being. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Lepore, S. J., Greenberg, M. A., Bruno, M.
et al (2002) Expressive writing and health: self-regulation of emotion-related experience, physiology, and behavior. In The Writing Cure: How Expressive Writing Promotes Health and Emotional Well-being (eds Lepore, S. J. & Smyth, J. M.) pp. 99–117) Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Norman, S. A., Lumley, M.A., Dooley, J.A.
et al (2004) For whom does it work? Moderators of the effects of written emotional disclosure in a randomized trial among women with chronic pelvic pain. Psychosomatic Medicine, 66, 174–183.
O'Connor, M., Nikoletti, S., Kristjanson, L. J.
et al (2003) Writing therapy for the bereaved. Evaluation of an intervention. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 6, 195–204.
Páez, D., Velasco, C. & Gonzalez, J. L. (1999) Expressive writing and the role of alexythimia as a dispositional deficit in self-disclosure and psychological health. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77, 630–641.
Park, C. L. & Blumberg, C. J. (2002) Disclosing trauma through writing: testing the meaning-making hypothesis. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 26, 597–616.
Pennebaker, J. W. (1985) Traumatic experience and psychosomatic disease. Exploring the roles of behavioural inhibition, obsession, and confiding. Canadian Psychology, 26, 82–95.
Pennebaker, J. W. (1997a) Opening Up: The Healing Power of Expressing Emotions. New York: Guilford Press.
Pennebaker, J. W. (1997b) Writing about emotional experiences as a therapeutic process. Psychological Science, 8, 162–166.
Pennebaker, J. W. (2002) What our words can say about us. Toward a broader language psychology. Psychological Science Agenda, 15, 8–9.
Pennebaker, J. W. (2004) Theories, therapies, and taxpayers. On the complexities of the expressive writing paradigm. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11, 138–142.
Pennebaker, J. W. & Beall, S. K. (1986) Confronting a traumatic event. Toward an understanding of inhibition and disease. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 95, 274–281.
Pennebaker, J. W. & Francis, M. E. (1996) Cognitive, emotional, and language processes in disclosure. Cognition and Emotion, 10, 601–626.
Pennebaker, J. W. & Graybeal, A. (2001) Patterns of natural language use. Disclosure, personality, and social integration. Current Directions, 10, 90–93.
Pennebaker, J. W., Kiecolt-Glaser, J. K. & Glaser, R. (1988) Disclosure of traumas and immune function. Health implications for psychotherapy. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 56, 239–245.
Pennebaker, J. W., Francis, M. E. & Booth, R. J. (2001) Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC2001). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Petrie, K. J., Booth, R. J., Pennebaker, J. W.
et al (1995) Disclosure of trauma and immune response to a hepatitis B vaccination program. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 63, 787–792.
Petrie, K. J., Fontanilla, I., Thomas, M. G.
et al (2004) Effect of written emotional expression on immune function in patients with Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection. A randomized trial. Psychosomatic Medicine, 66, 272–275.
Range, L. M., Kovac, S. H. & Marion, M. S. (2000) Does writing about the bereavement lessen grief following sudden, unintentional death?
Death Studies, 24, 115–134.
Richards, J. M., Beal, W. E., Seagal, J. D.
et al (2000) Effects of disclosure of traumatic events on illness behavior among psychiatric prison inmates. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 109, 156–160.
Rosenberg, H. J., Rosenberg, S. D., Ernstoff, M. S.
et al (2002) Expressive disclosure and health outcomes in a prostate cancer population. International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 32, 37–53.
Schoutrop, M. J. A., Lange, A., Brosschot, J. F.
et al (1997) Overcoming traumatic events by means of writing assignments. In The (Non)Expression of Emotions in Health and Disease (eds Vingerhoets, A., van Bussel, F. & Boelhower, J.) pp. 279–289. Tilburg: Tilburg University Press.
Schoutrop, M. J. A., Lange, A., Hanewald, G.
et al (2002) Structured writing and processing major stressful events. A controlled trial. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 71, 151–157.
Schwartz, L. & Drotar, D. (2004) Effects of written emotional disclosure on caregivers of children and adolescents with chronic illness. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 29, 105–118.
Scott, V. B., Robare, R. D., Raines, D. B.
et al (2003) Emotive writing moderates the relationship between mood awareness and athletic performance in collegiate tennis players. North American Journal of Psychology, 5, 311–324.
Sheese, B. E., Brown, E. L. & Graziano, W. G. (2004) Emotional expression in cyberspace. Searching for moderators of the Pennebaker disclosure effect via e-mail. Health Psychology, 23, 457–464.
Sloan, D. M. & Marx, B. P. (2004a) A closer examination of the structured written disclosure procedure. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 72, 165–175.
Sloan, D. M. & Marx, B. P. (2004b) Taking pen to hand. Evaluating theories underlying the written disclosure paradigm. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11, 121–137.
Sloan, D. M., Marx, B. P. & Epstein, E. M. (2005) Further examination of the exposure model underlying the efficacy of written emotional disclosure. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73, 549–554.
Smyth, J. M. (1998) Written emotional expression. Effect sizes, outcome types, and moderating variables. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 66, 174–184.
Smyth, J. M. & Helm, R. (2003) Focused expressive writing as self-help for stress and trauma. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 59, 227–235.
Smyth, J. M. & Pennebaker, J. W. (1999) Sharing one's story: translating emotional experiences into words as a coping tool. In Coping: The Psychology of What Works (ed. Snyder, C. R.) pp. 70–89. New York: Oxford University Press.
Smyth, J. M., Stone, A. A., Hurewitz, A.
et al (1999) Effects of writing about stressful experiences on symptom reduction in patients with asthma or rheumatoid arthritis. A randomized trial. JAMA, 281, 1304–1309.
Smyth, J. M., True, N. & Souto, J. (2001) Effects of writing about traumatic experiences. The necessity for narrative structuring. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 20, 161–172.
Smyth, J. M., Hockemeyer, J. R., Anderson, C.
et al (2002) Structured writing about a natural disaster buffers the effect of intrusive thoughts on negative affect and physical symptoms. Australasian Journal of Disaster and Traumatic Studies, 1. http://www.massey.ac.nz/%7Etrauma/issues/2002-1/smyth.htm
Snyder, D. K., Gordon, K. & Baucom, D. H. (2004) Treating affair couples. Extending the written disclosure paradigm to relationship trauma. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11, 155–159.
Solano, L., Donati, V., Pecci, F.
et al (2003) Postoperative course after papilloma resection. Effects of written disclosure of the experience in subjects with different alexithymia levels. Psychosomatic Medicine, 65, 477–484.
Spera, S. P., Buhrfeind, E. D. & Pennebaker, J. W. (1994) Expressive writing and coping with job loss. Academy of Management Journal, 37, 722–733.
Spiegel, D. (1999) Healing words. Emotional expression and disease outcome. JAMA, 281, 1328.
Stanton, A. L. & Danoff-Burg, S. (2002) Emotional expression, expressive writing, and cancer. In The Writing Cure: How Expressive Writing Promotes Health and Emotional Well-being (eds Lepore, S. J. & Smyth, J. M.) pp. 31–51. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Taylor, L. A., Wallander, J. L., Anderson, D.
et al (2003) Improving health care utilization, improving chronic disease utilization, health status, and adjustment in adolescents and young adults with cystic fibrosis. A preliminary report. Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings, 10, 9–16.
Van der Kolk, B. A., McFarlane, A. C. & Weisaeth, L. (eds) (1996) Traumatic Stress: The Effects of Overwhelming Experience on Mind, Body, and Society. New York: Guilford Press.
Walker, B. L., Nail, L. M. & Croyle, R. T. (1999) Does emotional expression make a difference in reactions to breast cancer?
Oncology Nursing Forum, 26, 1025–1032.