Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-544b6db54f-s4m2s Total loading time: 0.227 Render date: 2021-10-15T23:54:31.484Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Hyperkinetic disorder: assessment and treatment

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  02 January 2018

Rights & Permissions[Opens in a new window]

Extract

HTML view is not available for this content. However, as you have access to this content, a full PDF is available via the ‘Save PDF’ action button.

Hyperkinetic disorder is the generic ICD-10 (WHO, 1992) term used to describe one of the most common childhood psychiatric disorders. It is a severe form of a syndrome which is referred to in DSM–IV (APA, 1994) and the American literature as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Hyperactivity or hyperkinesis can be defined as “an enduring disposition to behave in a restless, inattentive, distractible and disorganised fashion” (Taylor, 1994). It is thus more than motor overactivity. Diagnostically there are three main groups of symptomatology: overactivity, inattentiveness and impulsiveness.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © The Royal College of Psychiatrists 1996 

References

American Psychiatric Association (1994) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th edn)(DSM–IV). Washington, DC: APA.Google ScholarPubMed
Barkley, R. A. (1990) Associated problems, subtyping and aetiologies. In Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. A Handbook for Diagnosis and Treatment (ed Barkley, R. A.) pp. 95129. London: The Guilford Press.Google Scholar
Bugental, D. B., Whalen, C. K. & Henker, B. (1977) Causal attributions of hyperactive children and motivational assumptions of 2 behaviour change approaches; evidence for an interactionist position. Child Development, 48, 874884.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carter, C. M., Urbanowicz, M., Hemsley, R. et al (1993) Effects of a few food diet in attention deficit disorder. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 69, 564568.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Conners, C. K. (1969) A teacher rating scale for use in drug studies with children. American Journal of Psychiatry, 126, 884888.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Conners, C. K. (1973) Rating scales for use in drug studies with children. Psychopharmacology Bulletin: Special issue on Pharmacotherapy with Children, 9, 2484.Google Scholar
Delamater, A. M. & Lahey, B. B. (1983) Physiological correlates of conduct problems and anxiety in hyperactive and learning disabled children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 11, 85100.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Egger, J., Carter, C. M., Graham, P. J. et al (1985) Controlled trial of oligoantigenic treatment in the hyperkinetic syndrome. Lancet, i, 540545.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Little, K. Y. (1993) D-Amphetamine versus methylphenidate in depressed inpatients. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 54, 349355.Google ScholarPubMed
Lou, H. C., Henriksen, L. & Bruhn, P. (1984) Focal cerebral hypoperfusion in children with dysphasia and/or attention deficit disorder. Archives of Neurology, 42, 825829.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lou, H. C., Henriksen, L. & Bruhn, P. (1989) Striatal dysfunction in attention deficit and hyperkinetic disorder. Archives of Neurology, 46, 4852.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Prendergast, M., Taylor, E., Rapoport, J. L. et al (1988) The diagnosis of childhood hyperactivity. A US–UK cross-national study of DSM–III and ICD-9, Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 29, 289300.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rapoport, J. L., Buchsbaum, M. S., Zahn, T. P. et al (1978) Dextroamphetamine: cognitive and behavioural effects in normal prepubertal boys. Science, 199, 560563.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Silva, P. A., Hughes, P., Williams, S. et al (1988) Blood lead, intelligence, reading attainment and behaviour in eleven year old children in Dunedin, New Zealand. Journal of Child Psychiatry and Psychology, 29, 4352.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Sverd, J., Gadow, K. D., Nolan, E. E. et al (1992) Methyl–phenidate in hyperactive boys with co-morbid tic disorder, clinical evaluations. Advances in Neurology, 58, 271281.Google Scholar
Szatmari, P., Offord, D. R. & Boyle, M. H. (1989) Correlates, associated impairments and patterns of service utilisation of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorders: Findings from the Ontario child health study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 30, 205217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Taylor, E. (1991) Developmental neuropsychiatry. Annual Research Review, Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 32, 347.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Taylor, E. (1994) Syndromes of attention deficit and overactivity. In Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Modern Approaches (eds Rutter, M., Taylor, E. & Hersov, L.) pp. 285307. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications.Google Scholar
Taylor, E. (1995) The Hyperactive Child. London: Vermilion Press. ISBN: 0356210596.Google Scholar
Taylor, E., Sandberg, S., Thorley, G. et al (1991) The Epidemiology of Childhood Hyperactivity. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Taylor, E. & Hemsley, R. (1995) Treating hyperkinetic disorders in childhood. British Medical Journal, 310, 16171618.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
World Health Organization (1992) The Tenth Revision of the International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10). Geneva: WHO.Google ScholarPubMed
Submit a response

eLetters

No eLetters have been published for this article.
You have Access
4
Cited by

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Hyperkinetic disorder: assessment and treatment
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Hyperkinetic disorder: assessment and treatment
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Hyperkinetic disorder: assessment and treatment
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *