Abel, G. G., Lawry, S. S., Karlstrom, E.
et al (1994) Screening tests for pedophilia. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 21, 115–131.
Adshead, G. & Mezey, G. (1993) Ethical issues in the psychotherapeutic treatment of paedophiles: whose side are you on?
Journal of Forensic Psychiatry, 4, 361–368.
American Psychiatric Association (1994) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the Mental Disorders (4th edn) (DSM–IV). Washington, DC: APA.
Baker, M. & White, T. (2002) Sex offenders in high-security care in Scotland. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry, 13, 285–297.
Barker, J. G. & Howell, R. J. (1992) The plethysmograph: a review of recent literature. Bulletin of the American Academy of Psychiatry and Law, 20, 13–25.
Beech, A., Friendship, C., Erikson, M.
et al (2002) The relationship between static and dynamic risk factors and reconviction in a sample of UK child abusers. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 14, 155–167.
Bowden, P. (1991) Treatment: use, abuse and consent. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, 1, 130–141.
Bradford, J. M. W. (1985) Organic treatments for the male sexual offender. Behavioural Sciences and the Law, 3, 355–375.
Bradford, J. M. W. (1988) Organic treatment for the male sexual offender. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 528, 193–202.
Bradford, J. M. W. & Kaye, N. S. (1999) Pharmacological treatment of sexual offenders. American Academy of Psychiatry and Law Newsletter, 24, 16–17.
Brockman, B. & Bluglass, R. (1996) A general psychiatric approach to sexual deviation. In Sexual Deviation (3rd edn) (ed. Rosen, I.) pp. 1–42. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Cordess, C. & Cox, M. (eds) (1996) Forensic Psychotherapy: Crime, Psycho-Dynamics and the Offender Patient. London: Jessica Kingsley.
Craissati, J. & Hodes, P. (1992) Mentally ill sex offenders: the experience of a regional secure unit. British Journal of Psychiatry, 161, 846–849.
Dickey, R. (1992) The management of a case of treatment-resistant paraphilia with a long-acting LHRH agonist. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 37, 567–569.
English, K. (1998) The containment approach: an aggressive strategy for the community management of adult sex offenders. Psychology, Public Policy and Law, 4, 218–235.
Fedoroff, J. P. (1988) Buspirone in the treatment of transvestic fetishism. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 49, 408–409.
Glasser, M. (1998) On violence: a preliminary communication. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 79, 887–902.
Greenberg, D. M. & Bradford, J. M. W. (1997) Treatment of the paraphilic disorders: a review of the role of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 9, 349–360.
Grubin, D. (1992) Cross-cultural influences on sex offending. Annual Review of Sex Research, 3, 201–217.
Grubin, D. (2004) The role of the polygraph in the assessment and management of risk in sex offenders in the community. In Sex Offenders in the Community (ed. Matravers, A.) Cullompton: Willan Publishing. In press.
Grubin, D. & Gunn, J. (1991) The Imprisoned Rapist and Rape. London: HMSO.
Grubin, D. & Wingate, S. (1996) Sexual offence recidivism: prediction versus understanding
Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, 6, 349–359.
Hanson, R. K. & Bussiere, M. T. (1998) Predictors of Sexual Offender Recidivism: A Meta-Analysis (User Report No. 1966–04). Ottawa: Department of Solicitor General.
Hanson, R. K. & Harris, A. J. R. (2000) Where should we intervene? Dynamic predictors of sexual offense recidivism. Criminal Justice and Behaviour, 27, 6–35.
Hanson, R. K. & Thornton, D. (2000) Improving risk assessments for sex offenders: a comparison of three actuarial scales. Law and Human Behaviour, 24, 119–136.
Harris, G. T. & Rice, M. E. (1996) The science in phallometric measurement of male sexual interest. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 5, 156–160.
Home Office (2003) MAPPA Guidance: Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements. London: National Probation Directorate.
Hucker, S., Langevin, R., Dickey, R.
et al (1988) Cerebral damage and dysfunction in sexually aggressive men. Annals of Sex Research, 1, 33–47.
Icenogle, D. L. (1994) Sentencing male sex offenders to the use of biological treatments. Journal of Legal Medicine, 15, 27–304.
Kafka, M. P. & Prentky, R. (1992) Fluoxetine treatment of non-paraphilic sexual addictions and paraphilias in men. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 53, 351–358.
Launay, G. (1999) The phallometric assessment of sex offenders: an update. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, 9, 254–274.
Marshall, W. & Barbaree, H. (1988) The long-term evaluation of a behavioural treatment programme for child molesters. Behaviour, Research and Therapy, 26, 499–511.
Marshall, W., Eccles, A. & Barbaree, H. (1991) The treatment of exhibitionists: a focus on sexual deviance versus cognitive and relationship features. Behaviour, Research and Therapy, 29, 129–135.
Marshall, W. L., Anderson, D. & Fernandez, Y. M. (1999) Cognitive Behavioural Treatment of Sexual Offenders. Chichester: Wiley.
Melella, J. T., Travin, S. & Cullen, K. (1989) Legal and ethical issues in the use of antiandrogens in treating sex offenders. Bulletin of the American Academy of Psychiatry and Law, 17, 223–231.
Meyer, W. J., Cole, C. & Emory, E. (1992) Depo Provera treatment for sex offending behavior: an evaluation of outcome. Bulletin of the American Academy of Psychiatry and Law, 20, 249–259.
National Academies of Science (2002) The Polygraph and Lie Detection. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.
Ortmann, J. (1980) The treatment of sexual offenders: castration and anti-hormone therapy. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 3, 443–451.
olizzi, D. M., MacKenzie, D. L. & Hickman, L. J. (1999) What works in adult sex offender treatment? A review of prison- and non-prison-based treatment programmes. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 43, 357–374.
Reiss, D., Grubin, D. & Meux, C. (1996) Young ‘psychopaths’ in special hospital: treatment and outcome. British Journal of Psychiatry, 168, 99–104.
Rice, M. E., Harris, G. T. & Quinsey, V.L. (1990) A follow-up of rapists assessed in a maximum security psychiatric facility. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 5, 435–448.
Rosen, I. (ed.) (1996) Sexual Deviation (3rd edn). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Rosler, A. & Witztum, E. (1998) Treatment of men with paraphilia with a long-acting analogue of gonatropinreleasing hormone. New England Journal of Medicine, 338, 416–422.
Rosler, A. & Witztum, E. (2000) Pharmacotherapy of paraphilias in the next millennium. Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 18, 43–56.
Simon, W. T. & Schouten, P. G. W. (1993) The plethysmograph reconsidered: comments on Barker and Howell. Bulletin of the American Academy of Psychiatry and Law, 21, 505–512.
Smith, A. D. (1999) Aggressive sexual fantasy in men with schizophrenia who commit contact sex offences against women. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry, 10, 538–552.
Smith, A. D. & Taylor, P. J. (1999) Serious sex offending against women by men with schizophrenia: relationship of illness and psychotic symptoms to offending. British Journal of Psychiatry, 174, 233–237.
Sterkmans, P. & Geerts, F. (1966) Is benperidol the specific drug for the treatment of excessive and disinhibited sexual behaviour?
Acta Neurologica et Psychiatrica Belgica, 66, 1030–1040.
Stone, H. (1992) Depot neuroleptics: involuntary castration?
Journal of Forensic Psychiatry, 3, 7–11.
Templeman, T. L. & Stinnett, R. D. (1991) Patterns of sexual arousal and history in a ‘normal’ sample of young men. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 10, 137–150.
Thornton, D. (2002) Constructing and testing a framework for dynamic risk assessment. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 14, 139–153.
Walker, N. & McCabe, S. (1973) Crime and Insanity in England: New Solutions and New Problems. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Walker, P. & Meyer, W. J. (1981) Medroxyprogesterone acetate for paraphiliac sex offenders. In Violence and the Violent Individual (eds Robert, T. K. & Solesny, K. S.) pp. 103–110. New York: SP Medical & Scientific Books.
Williams, L. M. & Finkelhor, D. (1990) The characteristics of incestuous fathers: a review of recent studies. In The Handbook of Sexual Assault: Issues, Theories and Treatment of the Offender (eds Marshall, W. L., Laws, D. R. & Barbaree, H. E.) pp. 231–255. New York: Plenum Press.
World Health Organization (1992) The ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders: Clinical Descriptions and Diagnostic Guideline. Geneva: WHO.