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Vascular dementia: a pragmatic review

  • Hugh Series and Margaret Esiri
Summary

Vascular dementia is associated with a group of diverse pathologies affecting the cerebrovascular circulation and with other dementia pathologies, particularly Alzheimer's disease. It is rather rare on its own. There is a spectrum of severity of cerebrovascular disease ranging from pathology but no cognitive impairment, to mild cognitive impairment to a dementia syndrome (vascular dementia). Where present, cerebrovascular disease can magnify the impact of other pathologies such as Alzheimer's disease. Current criteria for diagnosing vascular dementia are inadequate. Neuroimaging can be very helpful in defining the extent of pathology. Assessment needs to take into account a wide range of issues. Specific evidence-based treatments are limited, but attention should be given to managing risk factors and associated psychiatric problems such as depression.

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Corresponding author
Dr Hugh Series, South Locality CMHT for Older Adults, Mental Health Building, Abingdon Hospital, Marcham Road, Abingdon, OX14 1AG, UK. Email: hugh.series@oxfordhealth.nhs.uk
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Declaration of Interest

M.E. receives financial support from the National Institute for Health Research through the Oxford Biomedical Research Centre.

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References
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BJPsych Advances
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Vascular dementia: a pragmatic review

  • Hugh Series and Margaret Esiri
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