Skip to main content

An overview of flow control activities at Dassault Aviation over the last 25 years

  • J.-P. Rosenblum (a1)

In France, the very first ideas on flow control were developed by Philippe Poisson-Quinton from the Office National d'Etudes et Recherches Aérospatiales (ONERA) in the 1950s. There was some renewal of this research topic in the early 1990s, first in the United States with scientists like Wygnanski and Gad-El Hak, and also in France at the initiative of Pierre Perrier from Dassault Aviation, who triggered a lot of research activities in this field both at ONERA and in the French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) laboratories. The motivation was driven by the applications on Dassault Aviation military aircraft and Falcon business jets in order to contribute to the design, while facilitating performance optimisation and multi-disciplinary compromise. A few examples of flow control technologies, such as forebody vortex control, circulation control, flow separation control or boundary layer transition control using hybrid laminar flow control (HLFC), are presented to illustrate the applications and to explain the methodology used for the design of the flow control devices. The author also emphasises the current reaction of industry with respect to the integration of flow control technologies on an aircraft programme. The conclusion is related to the present status of the French research on this topic and to the next challenges to be addressed.

Corresponding author
Hide All
1.Rebuffet, P. and Poisson-Quinton, P. Recherches sur l'hypersustentation d'une aile en flèche réelle par contrôle de la couche limite utilisant le prélèvement d'air sur le turbo-réacteur, La Recherche aéronautique, March-April 1950, 14.
2.Malavard, L., Poisson-Quinton, P. and Jousserandot, P. Recherches théoriques et expérimentales sur le contrôle de circulation par soufflage appliqué aux ailes d'avions. 1956, ONERA Report.
3.Poisson-Quinton, P. Recherches théoriques et expérimentales sur le contrôle de couche limite, 7th Congress of Applied Mechanics, September 1948, London, UK.
4.Werle, H.Visualisation hydrodynamique de l’écoulement autour d'un cylindre profilé avec aspiration, maquette de la turbovoile Cousteau – Malavard. La Recherche aérospatiale, 1984, (4), pp 265274.
5.Seifert, A., Bachar, T., Koss, D., Wygnanski, I. and Shepshelovich, M.Oscillatory blowing – a tool to delay boundary layer separation, AIAA J., 1993, 31, pp 20522060.
6.Glezer, A. and Amitay, M.Synthetic jets. Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics, 2002, 34, (1), pp 503529.
7.Perrier, P.Multiscale Active Flow Control, Flow Control: Fundamentals and Practices, Carghese, Corsica conference, 1998, GAD-EL-HAK, M., POLLARD, A. and BONNET (Eds), J.-P., Springer-Verlag, pp 275334.
8.Courty, J.-C. and Van, T.D. Military aircraft control at high angle-of-attack, CEAS European Forum on High Lift and separation control, March 1995, University of Bath, Bath, UK.
9.Rosenblum, J.-P., Courty, J.-C. and Van, T.D. Contrôle des avions militaires aux incidences élevées, 1996, AAAF, Ecole centrale de Lyon, Lyon, France.
10.Courty, J.-C. Industrial Constraints and Requirements for Aeronautical Flow Control Applications, March 2009, Von Karman Institute for Fluid Dynamics, Lecture Series 2009-02.
11.Lanchester, F.W. Aerial Flight, 1907 Constable & Co. Ltd., London, UK.
12.Whitmore, I., Weatherhill, K., Stevens, K.,Green, J., Vallee, J.J., Bourasseau, M. and Massonnat, J.M. The application of flow control to ahighly convoluted air intake duct for a combat UAV, Royal Aeronautical Society Applied Aerodynamics, July 2012, Conference in Bristol, Bristol, UK.
13.Dandois, J., Molton, P., Lepage, A., Geeraert, A., Brunet, V., Dor, J.-B. and Coustols, E.Buffet characterization and control for turbulent wings, AerospaceLab J., 2013, AL06-1, 117.
14.Bulgubure, C. and Arnal, D. Dassault Aviation Falcon 50 Laminar Flow Flight Demonstrator, First European Forum on Laminar Flow Technology, 16-18 March 1992, Hamburg, Germany.
15.Courty, J.-C., Bulgubure, C. and Arnal, D. Laminar flow investigation: computations and flight tests at Dassault Aviation, Recent Advances in Long Range and Long Endurance Operation of Aircraft, AGARD Conference Proceedings 547, 24-27 May 1993, TheHague, Netherlands.
16.Arnal, D. Recent advances in theoretical methods for laminar-turbulent transition prediction, 36th Aerospace Sciences Meeting & Exhibit, AIAA 98-0223, 12-15 January 1998, Reno, Nevada, US.
17.Casalis, G. Laminar-Turbulent transition induced by instability mechanisms: overview of the current methods studied at ONERA, ECCOMAS 98 Conference, 7-11 September 1998, Athens, Greece.
18.Arnal, D. and Archambaud, J.-P. Laminar-Turbulent transition control: NLF, LFC, HLFC, RTO-AVT/VKI Lecture Series, Advances in laminar-turbulent transition modelling, 2008.
19.Arnal, D., Casalis, G. and Houdeville, R. Practical transition prediction methods: subsonic and transonic flows, RTO-AVT/VKI Lecture Series, Advances in laminar-turbulent transition modelling, 2008.
20.Courty, J.-C., Tran, D. and Petit, G. In Flight Infra Red measurements of localized details impact on laminarity, 3AF, 48th International Symposium of Applied Aerodynamics, March 2013, Saint-Louis, France.
21.Gross, R., Courty, J.-C., Tran, D., Mallet, M., Arnal, D. and Vermeersch, O. Prediction of laminar/turbulent transition in an unstructured finite element Navier Stokes solver using a boundary layer code, 3AF, 50th International Conference of Applied Aerodynamics, March/April 2015, Toulouse, France.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

The Aeronautical Journal
  • ISSN: 0001-9240
  • EISSN: 2059-6464
  • URL: /core/journals/aeronautical-journal
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *



Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed