Afenah, A. (2012) ‘Engineering a millennium city in Accra, Ghana: the Old Fadama intractable issue’, Urban Forum 23 (4): 527–40.
Allison, A. (2012) ‘Ordinary refugees: social precarity and soul in 21st century Japan’, Anthropological Quarterly 85 (2): 345–70.
Bayat, A. (2013) Life as Politics: how ordinary people change the Middle East. Stanford CA: Stanford University Press.
Berk, G. and Galvan, D. (2009) ‘How people experience and change institutions: a field guide to creative syncretism’, Theory and Society 38: 543–80.
Berlant, L. (2011) Cruel Optimism. Durham NC: Duke University Press.
Bob-Milliar, G. M. (2012) ‘Political party activism in Ghana: factors influencing the decision of the politically active to join a political party’, Democratization 19 (4): 668–89.
Campbell, S. (2016) ‘Everyday recomposition: precarity and socialization in Thailand's migrant workforce’, American Ethnologist 43 (2): 258–69.
Chalfin, B. (2014) ‘Public things, excremental politics, and the infrastructure of bare life in Ghana's city of Tema’, American Ethnologist 41 (1): 92–109.
Chance, K. R. (2015) ‘“Where there is fire, there is politics”: ungovernability and material life in urban South Africa’, Cultural Anthropology 30 (3): 394–423.
Del Negro, G. P. and Berger, H. M. (2004) Identity and Everyday Life: essays in the study of folklore, music, and popular culture. Middletown CT: Wesleyan University Press.
Denning, M. (2010) ‘Wageless life’, New Left Review II/66: 79–97.
De Soto, H. (2000) The Mystery of Capital: why capitalism triumphs in the West and fails everywhere else. New York NY: Basic Books.
Dewey, J. (2002 ) Human Nature and Conduct. Amherst NY: Prometheus Books.
Durand-Lasserve, A. and Royston, L. (2002) Holding their Ground: secure land tenure for the urban poor in developing countries. London and New York NY: Earthscan.
Elyachar, J. (2003) ‘Mappings of power: the state, NGOs, and international organizations in the informal economy of Cairo’, Comparative Studies in Society and History 45 (3): 571–605.
Fischer, B. M. (2008) A Poverty of Rights: citizenship and inequality in twentieth-century Rio de Janeiro. Stanford CA: Stanford University Press.
Fox, S. (2014) ‘The political economy of slums: theory and evidence from sub-Saharan Africa’, World Development 54: 191–203.
Geertz, C. (1973) The Interpretation of Cultures: selected essays. New York NY: Basic Books.
Gill, G. (2014) ‘Knowledge practices in Abahlali baseMjondolo’, Interface 6 (1): 211–29.
Gillespie, T. (2016) ‘Accumulation by urban dispossession: struggles over urban space in Accra, Ghana’, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 41: 66–77.
Grant, R. (2009) Globalizing City: the urban and economic transformation of Accra, Ghana. Syracuse NY: Syracuse University Press.
Grant, R. and Oteng-Ababio, M. (2012) ‘Mapping the invisible and real “African” economy: urban e-waste circuitry’, Urban Geography 33 (1): 1–21.
Gulyani, S. and Bassett, E. M. (2007) ‘Retrieving the baby from the bathwater: slum upgrading in sub-Saharan Africa’, Environment and Planning 25 (4): 486–515.
Gulyani, S. and Talukdar, D. (2008) ‘Slum real estate: the low-quality high-price puzzle in Nairobi's slum rental market and its implications for theory and practice’, World Development 36 (10): 1916–37.
Harris, K. and Scully, B. (2015) ‘A hidden counter-movement? Precarity, politics, and social protection before and beyond the neoliberal era’, Theory and Society 44: 415–44.
Hayek, F. A. (1945) ‘The use of knowledge in society’, American Economic Review 35 (4): 519–30.
Holston, J. (2008) Insurgent Citizenship: disjunctions of democracy and modernity in Brazil. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press.
Klopp, J. M. (2008) ‘Remembering the destruction of Muoroto: slum demolitions, land and democratisation in Kenya’, African Studies 67 (3): 295–314.
Kohn, M. (2016) The Death and Life of the Urban Commonwealth. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Landau, L. B. (2014) ‘Conviviality, rights, and conflict in Africa's urban estuaries’, Politics and Society 42 (3): 359–80.
LeVan, C. A. and Olubowale, J. (2014) ‘“I am here until development comes”: displacement, demolitions, and property rights in urbanizing Nigeria’, African Affairs 113 (452): 387–408.
Li, T. M. (1996) ‘Images of community: discourse and strategy in property relations’, Development and Change 27 (3): 501–27.
Li, T. M. (2007) The Will to Improve: governmentality, development, and the practice of politics. Durham NC: Duke University Press.
Lock, M. and Farquhar, J. (eds) (2007) Beyond the Body Proper: reading the anthropology of material life. Durham NC: Duke University Press.
Lowe, N. J. and Feldman, M. P. (2017) ‘Institutional life within an entrepreneurial region’, Geography Compass 11 (3): 1–10.
Lund, C. (2016) ‘Rule and rupture: state formation through the production of property and citizenship’, Development and Change 47 (6): 1199–228.
Macharia, K. (1992) ‘Slum clearance and the informal economy in Nairobi’, Journal of Modern African Studies 30 (2): 221–36.
Makhulu, A. (2015) Making Freedom: apartheid, squatter politics, and the struggle for home. Durham NC: Duke University Press.
Moore, B. (1966) Social Origins of Democracy and Dictatorship. Boston MA: Beacon Press.
Moore, B. (1978) Injustice: the social origins of obedience and revolt. New York NY: M. E. Sharpe.
Munck, R. (2013) ‘The precariat: a view from the South’, Third World Quarterly 34 (5): 747–62.
Narotzky, S. and Besnier, N. (2014) ‘Crisis, value, and hope: rethinking the economy. An introduction to supplement 9’, Current Anthropology 55 (S9): S4–S16.
Obeng-Odoom, F. (2011) ‘The informal sector in Ghana under siege’, Journal of Developing Societies 27: 355–92.
Opare, J. A. (2003) ‘Kayayei: the women head porters of southern Ghana’, Journal of Social Development in Africa 18 (2): 33–49.
Owusu, M. (2013) ‘Community-managed reconstruction after the 2012 fire in Old Fadama, Ghana’, Environment and Urbanization 25 (1): 243–8.
Paller, J. W. (2014) ‘Informal institutions and personal rule in urban Ghana’, African Studies Review 57 (3): 123–42.
Paller, J. W. (2015) ‘Informal networks and access to power to obtain housing in urban slums in Ghana’, Africa Today 62 (1): 30–55.
Paller, J. W. (2019) Democracy in Ghana: everyday politics in urban Africa. New York NY: Cambridge University Press.
Rubin, J. (2014) ‘Making art from uncertainty: magic and its politics in South African rugby’, Cultural Anthropology 29 (4): 699–719.
Schatzberg, M. G. (2014) ‘Transformation and struggle’ in Koechlin, L. and Förster, T. (), The Politics of Governance: actors and articulations in Africa and beyond. New York NY: Routledge.
Scott, J. C. (1990) Domination and the Arts of Resistance: hidden transcripts. New Haven CT: Yale University Press.
Selmeczi, A. (2009) ‘“… We are being left to burn because we do not count”: biopolitics, abandonment, and resistance’, Global Society 23 (4): 519–38.
Simone, A. (2004a) ‘People as infrastructure: intersecting fragments in Johannesburg’, Public Culture 16 (3): 407–29.
Simone, A. (2004b) For the City Yet to Come: changing African life in four cities. Durham NC: Duke University Press.
Skuse, A. and Cousins, T. (2007) ‘Spaces of resistance: informal settlement, communication and community organisation in a Cape Town township’, Urban Studies 44 (5–6): 979–95.
Stacey, P. and Lund, C. (2016) ‘In a state of slum: governance in an informal urban settlement in Ghana’, Journal of Modern African Studies 54 (4): 591–615.
Standing, G. (2011) The Precariat: the dangerous new class. London and New York NY: Bloomsbury Academic.
Stewart, K. (2007) Ordinary Effects. Durham NC: Duke University Press.
Stewart, K. (2012) ‘Precarity's forms’, Cultural Anthropology 27 (3): 518–25.
Tsing, A. L. (2015) The Mushroom at the End of the World: on the possibility of life in capitalist ruins. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press.
Twigg, J., Christie, N., Haworth, J., Osuteye, E. and Skarlatidou, A. (2017) ‘Improved methods for fire risk assessment in low-income and informal settlements’, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 14 (2): 139.