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Militarism, gender and reproductive suffering: the case of abortion in Western Dinka

  • Jok Madut Jok


Les études sur les risques pour la santé reproductive en temps de guerre s'intéressent beaucoup aux statistiques en matière de violence sexuelle infligée par une des parties belligérantes aux femmes de l'autre partie. Bien que justifié, cet intérêt obscurcit les risques présents dans les families et les communautés locales. Cet article examine les conséquences de la militarisation des jeunes dans le sud du Soudan sur la santé reproductive des femmes. La guerre a amené les families à désirer plus d'enfants pour compenser le taux élevé de mortalité infantile en temps de guerre. La rupture sociale entraînée par la guerre a incité les hommes à enfreindre les règies de la sexualité et les tabous sexuels à un point tel que les femmes ont perdu une grande part du pouvoir décisionnel qu'elles avaient sur leur sexualité et leur reproductivité. Ainsi, dans la région occidentale de Dinka, les femmes acceptent de concevoir contre leur gré. Elles considèrent également la grossesse comme une épreuve difficile. Nombreuses sont celles cependant qui tentent d'interrompre leur grossesse par des techniques dangereuses pouvant entraîner une infertilité, des infections ou la mort.



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  • ISSN: 0001-9720
  • EISSN: 1750-0184
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