Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Militarism, gender and reproductive suffering: the case of abortion in Western Dinka

  • Jok Madut Jok

Résumé

Les études sur les risques pour la santé reproductive en temps de guerre s'intéressent beaucoup aux statistiques en matière de violence sexuelle infligée par une des parties belligérantes aux femmes de l'autre partie. Bien que justifié, cet intérêt obscurcit les risques présents dans les families et les communautés locales. Cet article examine les conséquences de la militarisation des jeunes dans le sud du Soudan sur la santé reproductive des femmes. La guerre a amené les families à désirer plus d'enfants pour compenser le taux élevé de mortalité infantile en temps de guerre. La rupture sociale entraînée par la guerre a incité les hommes à enfreindre les règies de la sexualité et les tabous sexuels à un point tel que les femmes ont perdu une grande part du pouvoir décisionnel qu'elles avaient sur leur sexualité et leur reproductivité. Ainsi, dans la région occidentale de Dinka, les femmes acceptent de concevoir contre leur gré. Elles considèrent également la grossesse comme une épreuve difficile. Nombreuses sont celles cependant qui tentent d'interrompre leur grossesse par des techniques dangereuses pouvant entraîner une infertilité, des infections ou la mort.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Bailey, R., and Aunger, R. V. 1995. ‘Sexuality, infertility and sexually transmitted diseases among farmers and foragers in Central Africa’, in Abrason, P. R. and Pinkerton, S. D. (eds), Sexual Nature, Sexual Culture, pp. 195222. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Brownmiller, Susan. 1993. ‘Making female bodies the battlefield: alas for women, there is nothing unprecedented about mass rape in war’, Newsweek, 4 January p. 37.
Burr, Millard. 1990. Khartoum's Displaced Persons: a decade of despair. Washington DC: US Committee for Refugees.
Chowdhury, A., Khan, A., and Chen, L. 1976. ‘The effects of childhood mortality experiences on subsequent fertility’, Population Studies 30, 249–61.
Cliff, Julie. 1991. ‘The war on women in Mozambique: health consequences of South African destabilization, economic crisis, and structural adjustment’, in Turshen, M. (ed.), Women and Health in Africa, pp. 1534. Trenton NJ: Africa World Press,
El Bushra, J., and Piza-Lopez, E. 1993. ‘Gender-related violence: its scope and relevance’, in O'Connell, H. (ed.), Women and Conflict, pp. 19. Oxford: Oxfam Focus on Gender.
El Bushra, J. 1994. ‘Gender, war and food’, in Macrae, J. and Zwi, A. (eds), War and Hunger: rethinking international responses to complex emergencies, pp. 180–93. London: Zed Books.
Foucault, M. 1980. The History of Sexuality. New York: Pantheon Books.
Heise, L., Moore, K., and Toubia, N. 1995. Sexual Coercion and Reproductive Health: a focus on research. New York: Population Council.
Hutchinson, Sharon. 1996. Nuer Dilemmas: coping with money, war, and the state. Berkeley CA: University of California Press.
Ityavyar, D., and Ogba, L. O. 1989. ‘Violence, conflict and health in Africa’, Social Science and Medicine 28 (7), 649–57.
Jok, Jok Madut. 1996. ‘Information exchange in a disaster zone: the interaction between aid workers and recipients in south Sudan’, Disasters 20 (3), 206–15.
Jok, Jok Madut 1998. Militarization, Gender and Reproductive Health in South Sudan. New York: Edwin Mellen Press.
Keen, David. 1994. The Benefits of Famine: apolitical economy of famine and relief in southwestern Sudan, 1983-89. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press.
Lane, S., Jok, J. M., and El-Mouelhy, M. 1998. ‘Buying safety: the economics of reproductive risk and abortion in Egypt’, Social Science and Medicine 47 (8), 1089–99.
Lesthaeghe, R., and Eelens, F. 1989. ‘The components of sub-Saharan reproductive regimes and their social cultural determinants: empirical evidence’, in Lesthaeghe, R. (ed.), Reproductive and Social Organization in sub-Saharan Africa. Berkeley CA: University of California Press.
Majak, D. Dut. 1995. ‘Rape of Nature: the environmental destruction and ethnic cleansing of the Sudan'. Paper presented at the American Historical Association Pacific Coast Branch eighty-eighth annual meeting, Hawaii, May.
O'connell, H. (ed.). 1993. Women and Conflict. Oxford: Oxfam Focus on Gender.
Olujic, Maria B. 1998. ‘Embodiment of terror: gendered violence in peacetime and wartime in Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina’, Medical Anthropology Quarterly 12 (1), 3150.
Ruay, Deng Akol. 1994. The Politics of Two Sudans: the south and the north. Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
Scrimshaw, S. 1978. ‘Infant mortality and behavior in the regulation of family size’, Population Development Review 4, 383403.
Stephenson, P., Wagner, M., Badea, M., and Serbanescu, F. 1992. ‘Commentary: the public health consequences of restricted induced abortion: lessons from Romania’, American Journal of Public Health 82 (10), 1328–31.
Taylor, C., Newman, J., and Kelly, N. 1976. ‘The child survival hypothesis’, Population Studies 30, 263–71.
Theweleit, Klaus. 1993. ‘The bomb's womb and the gender of war (war goes on preventing women from becoming the mothers of invention)’, in Cooke, Miriam and Wollacott, Angela (eds), Gendering War Talk, pp. 283315. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Africa
  • ISSN: 0001-9720
  • EISSN: 1750-0184
  • URL: /core/journals/africa
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed