Skip to main content
×
×
Home

The world in creolisation

  • Ulf Hannerz
Extract

From the time when I first became entangled with the Third World, in the late 1950s and early 1960s, I have been fascinated by those contemporary ways of life and thought which keep growing out of the interplay between imported and indigenous cultures. They are the cultures on display in market places, shanty towns, beer halls, night clubs, missionary book stores, railway waiting rooms, boarding schools, newspapers and television stations. Nigeria, the country I have been most closely in touch with in an on-and-off way for some time, because of its large size, perhaps, offers particular scope for such cultural development, with several very large cities and hundreds if not thousands of small and middle-size towns. It has a lively if rather erratic press, a popular music scene dominated at different times by such genres as highlife, juju and Afro-beat, about as many universities as breweries (approximately one to every state in the federal republic), dozens of authors published at home and abroad, schoolhouses in just about every village, and an enormous fleet of interurban taxicabs which with great speed can convey you practically from anywhere to anywhere, at some risk to your life.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Adams, Richard N. 1959. ‘On the relation between plantation and “creole cultures”’, in Plantation Systems of the New World. Washington, D.C.: Pan American Union.
Berry, Sara S. 1985. Fathers Work for their Sons. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
Brathwaite, Edward. 1971. The Development of Creole Society in Jamaica, 1770–1820. London: Oxford University Press.
Burke, Peter. 1978. Popular Culture in Early Modem Europe. New York: Harper & Row.
Chirot, Daniel, and Hall, Thomas D.. 1982. ‘World-system theory’, Annual Review of Sociology, 8: 81106.
Collins, Randall. 1981. Sociology since Midcentury. New York: Academic Press.
Dore, Ronald. 1976. The Diploma Disease. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
Drummond, Lee. 1978. ‘The transatlantic nanny: notes on a comparative semiotics of the family in English-speaking societies’, American Ethnologist, 5: 3043.
Drummond, Lee. 1980. ‘The cultural continuum: a theory of inter-systems’, Man, 15: 352–74.
Eickelman, Dale F. 1978. ‘The art of memory: Islamic education and its social reproduction’, Comparative Studies in Society and History, 20: 485516.
Ekwensi, Cyprian. 1961. Jagua Nana. London: Hutchinson.
Eliot, T. S. (1948) 1962. Notes towards the Definition of Culture. London: Faber.
Fabian, Johannes. 1978. ‘Popular culture in Africa: findings and conjectures’, Africa, 48: 315–34.
Gbulie, Ben. 1981. Nigeria's Five Majors. Onitsha: Africana Educational Publishers.
Golding, Peter. 1977. ‘Media professionalism in the Third World: the transfer of an ideology’, in Mass Communication and Society, James, Curran, Michael, Gurevitch and Janet, Woollacott (eds.). London: Edward Arnold.
Goodenough, Ward H. 1971. Culture, Language, and Society. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley.
Graburn, Nelson H. H. 1984. ‘The evolution of tourist arts’, Annals of Tourism Research, 11: 393419.
Hamelink, Cees T. 1983. Cultural Autonomy and Global Communications. New York: Longman.
Hart, Keith. 1985. ‘The social anthropology of West Africa’, Annual Review of Anthropology, 14: 243–72.
Masemann, Vandra. 1974. ‘The “hidden curriculum” of a West African girls' boarding school’, Canadian Journal of African Studies, 8: 479–94.
Mills, C. Wright. 1963. Power, Politics, and People. New York: Ballantine.
Moore, Carlos. 1982. Fela, Fela: this bitch of a life. London: Allison & Busby.
Nash, June. 1981. ‘Ethnographic aspects of the world capitalist system’, Annual Review of Anthropology, 10: 393423.
Oreh, O. O. 1985. ‘Masquerade and other plays on Nigerian television’, in Mass Communication, Culture and Society in West Africa, Ugboajah, Frank Okwu (ed.). Munich: Hans Zell/K. G. Saur.
Paden, John N. 1986. Ahmadu Bello, Sardauna of Sokoto. London: Hodder & Stoughton.
Peel, J. D. Y. 1978. ‘Olaju: a Yoruba concept of development’, Journal of Developmental Studies, 14: 135–65.
Peel, J. D. Y. 1983. Ijeshas and Nigerians. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Ramirez, Francisco O., and Meyer, John W.. 1980. ‘Comparative education: the social construction of the modern world system’, Annual Review of Sociology, 6: 369–99.
Rubenstein, Joseph. 1978. ‘On Nigerian pop culture’, Dialectical Anthropology, 3: 261–7.
Sauvant, Karl P. 1976. ‘The potential of multinational enterprises as vehicles for the transmission of business culture’, in Controlling Multinational Enterprises, Sauvant, Karl P. and Lavipour, Farid G. (eds.). Boulder, Col.: Westview Press.
Schiller, Herbert L. 1971. Mass Communications and American Empire. Boston, Mass.: Beacon.
Schwartz, Theodore, 1978a. ‘Where is the culture? Personality as the distributive locus of culture’, in The Making of Psychological Anthropology, Spindler, George D. (ed.). Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
Schwartz, Theodore, 1978b. ‘The size and shape of a culture’, in Scale and Social Organisation, Fredrik, Barth(ed.). Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.
Sperber, Dan. 1985. ‘Anthropology and psychology: towards an epidemiology of representations’, Man, 20: 7389.
Wallace, Anthony F. C. 1961. Culture and Personality. New York: Random House.
Wallerstein, Immanuel. 1974. The Modem World System. New York: Academic Press.
Wallerstein, Immanuel. 1984. The Politics of the World Economy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wolf, Eric R. 1982. Europe and the People without History. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Africa
  • ISSN: 0001-9720
  • EISSN: 1750-0184
  • URL: /core/journals/africa
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 45 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 1273 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 15th July 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.