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Effects of Tariff Concessions on Japanese Beef Imports by Product and Source

  • Andrew Muhammad, Amanda M. Countryman and Kari E. R. Heerman
Abstract

Withdrawal from the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) could be costly for U.S. beef exports to Japan given existing trade agreements such as the Japan-Australia Economic Partnership Agreement (JAEPA). We estimate the demand for imported beef in Japan by source and product and assess the impact of tariff reductions on exporting countries. Our results suggest JAEPA will result in considerable increases in Australian beef exports to Japan, largely at the expense of the U.S. beef. However, similar tariff reductions for U.S. beef could eliminate these negative effects and even result in a net increase in beef imports from both countries.

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Copyright
This is a work of the U.S. Government and is not subject to copyright protection in the United States. Outside of the United States, this is an OpenAccess article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Corresponding author
Correspondence: Andrew Muhammad ■ U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Market and Trade Economics Division355 E ST, SW, Washington, D.C. 20024, USAPhone: 202.694.5226 ■ email amuhammad@ers.usda.gov
Footnotes
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The authors are grateful to three anonymous reviewers and the editor, Dave Abler, for valuable input and helpful comments.

The views expressed are those of the authors, and may not be attributed to the Economic Research Service or U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Footnotes
References
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