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Estimating Treatment Effects of Unit-Based Pricing of Household Solid Waste Disposal

  • Christopher Wright, John M. Halstead and Ju-Chin Huang

Abstract

Propensity score matching is used to estimate treatment effects when data are observational. Results presented in this study demonstrate the use of propensity score matching to evaluate the average treatment effect of unit-based pricing of household trash for reducing municipal solid waste disposal. Average treatment effect of the treated for 34 New Hampshire communities range from an annual reduction of 631 pounds per household to 823 pounds per household. This represents an annual reduction of 42 percent to 54 percent from an average of 1530 pounds per household if a town did not adopt municipal solid waste user fees.

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Copyright

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Corresponding author

Correspondence: John M. Halstead Professor ■ Department of Natural Resources and the EnvironmentUniversity of New HampshireDurham, New HampshireUSA ■ Email: john.halstead@unh.edu

Footnotes

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The views expressed are the authors’ and do not necessarily represent the policies or views of any sponsoring agencies.

The authors thank two referees for their valuable comments which significantly improve the paper. Partial funding was provided by the New Hampshire Agricultural Experiment Station. This is Scientific Contribution Number 2751. This work was supported by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, Accession # 1015411, Multistate Project NE 1049. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not reflect the view of the funding agency.

Footnotes

References

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