Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Three-dimensional information exchange over the semantic web for the domain of architecture, engineering, and construction

  • Pieter Pauwels (a1) (a2), Davy Van Deursen (a3), Jos De Roo (a3), Tim Van Ackere (a1), Ronald De Meyer (a1), Rik Van de Walle (a3) and Jan Van Campenhout (a2)...
Abstract

Three-dimensional (3-D) geometry can be described in many ways, with both a varying syntax and a varying semantics. As a result, several very diverse schemas and file formats can be deployed to describe geometry, depending on the application domain in question. In a multidisciplinary domain such as the domain of architecture, engineering, and construction, this range of specialized schemas makes file format conversions inevitable. The approach adopted by current conversion tools, however, often results in a loss of information, most often due to a “mistranslation” between different syntaxes and/or semantics, leading to errors and limitations in the design conception stage and to inefficiency due to the required remodeling efforts. An approach based on semantic web technology may reduce the loss of information significantly, leading to an improved processing of 3-D information and hence to an improved design practice in the architecture, engineering, and construction domain. This paper documents our investigation of the nature of this 3-D information conversion problem and how it may be encompassed using semantic web technology. In an exploratory double test case, we show how the specific deployment of semantic rule languages and an appropriate inference engine are to be adopted to improve this 3-D information exchange. It shows how semantic web technology allows the coexistence of diverse descriptions of the same 3-D information, interlinked through explicit conversion rules. Although only a simple example is used to document the process, and a more in-depth investigation is needed, the initial results indicate the suggested approach to be a useful alternative approach to obtain an improved 3-D information exchange.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Requests for reprints to: Pieter Pauwels, Department of Architecture and Urban Planning, Ghent University, J. Plateaustraat 22, Ghent B-9000, Belgium. E-mail: pipauwel.pauwels@ugent.be
References
Hide All
3D CAD Browser. (2010). 3D CAD Browser—3D Models—Home Accessed at http://3dcadbrowser.com/ on April 25, 2011.
Abdul-Ghafour, S., Ghodous, P., Shariat, B., & Perna, E. (2008). Towards an intelligent CAD models sharing based on semantic web technologies. Proc. 15th ISPE Int. Conf. Concurrent Engineering, pp. 195203.
AIM@SHAPE. (2010). AIM@SHAPE Project—Shape Repository. Accessed at http://shapes.aimatshape.net/ on April 25, 2011.
Attene, M., Robbiano, F., Spagnuolo, M., & Falcidieno, B. (2007). Semantic annotation of 3D surface meshes based on feature characterization. Proc. 2nd Int. Conf. Semantic and Digital Media Technologies, pp. 126139.
Baader, F., & Nutt, W. (2003). Basic description logics. In Description Logic Handbook: Theory, Implementation, and Applications (Baader, F., Calvanese, D., McGuinness, D.L., Nardi, D., & Patel-Schneider, P.F., Eds.), pp. 47100. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Beckett, D., & Berners-Lee, T. (2011). Turtle—terse RDF triple language. W3C Team Submission, March 28, 2011. Accessed at http://www.w3.org/TeamSubmission/turtle/ on April 25, 2011.
Berners-Lee, T., Hendler, J., & Lassila, O. (2001). The semantic web. Scientific American 284, 3543.
Beetz, J., van Leeuwen, J.P., & de Vries, B. (2009). IfcOWL: a case of transforming EXPRESS schemas into ontologies. Artificial Intelligence for Engineering Design, Analysis and Manufacturing 23(1), 89101.
Berners-Lee, T. (2010). CWM—a general purpose data processor for the semantic web. Accessed at http://www.w3.org/2000/10/swap/doc/cwm on April 25, 2011.
Berners-Lee, T., & Connolly, D. (2011). Notation 3 (N3): a readable RDF syntax—W3C Team Submission March 28, 2011. Accessed at http://www.w3.org/TeamSubmission/n3/ on April 25, 2011.
Berners-Lee, T., Connolly, D., Kagal, L., Scharf, Y., & Hendler, J. (2008). N3Logic: a logical framework for the World Wide Web. Theory and Practice of Logic Programming 8(3), 249269.
Biasotti, S., Giorgi, D., Marini, S., Spagnuolo, M., & Falcidieno, B. (2006). A comparison framework for 3D object classification methods. Proc. Int. Workshop on Multimedia Content Representation, Classification and Security (MCRS), pp. 314321.
Bizer, C., Heath, T., & Berners-Lee, T. (2009). Linked data—the story so far. International Journal on Semantic Web and Information Systems 5(3), 122.
Brickley, D., & Guha, R.V. (2004). RDF vocabulary description language 1.0: RDF schema—W3C recommendation February 10, 2004. Accessed at http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-schema/ on April 25, 2011.
De Roo, J. (2009). Eye. Accessed at http://eulersharp.sourceforge.net/2003/03swap/eye-2009.txt on April 25, 2011.
De Roo, J. (2010). Euler proof mechanism. Accessed at http://www.agfa.com/w3c/euler/ on April 25, 2011.
Eastman, C.M., Teicholz, P., Sacks, R., & Liston, K. (2008). BIM Handbook: A Guide to Building Information Modelling for Owners, Managers, Architects, Engineers, Contractors, and Fabricators. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Gerbino, S. (2003). Tools for the interoperability among CAD systems. Proc. XIII ADM-XV INGEGRAF Int. Conf. Tools and Methods Evolution in Engineering Design.
Grant, J., & Beckett, D. (2004). RDF test cases—W3C recommendation, February 10, 2004. Accessed at http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-testcases/ on April 25, 2011.
Horrocks, I., Patel-Schneider, P.F., Boley, H., Tabet, S., Grosof, B., & Dean, M. (2004). SWRL: a semantic web rule language combining OWL and RuleML—W3C member submission May 21, 2004. Accessed at http://www.w3.org/Submission/SWRL/ on April 25, 2011.
Liebich, T., Adachi, Y., Forester, J., Hyvarinen, J., Karstila, K., Reed, K., Richter, S., & Wix, J. (2010). Industry foundation classes IFC2x edition 3 technical corrigendum 1. Accessed at http://www.iai-tech.org/ifc/IFC2x3/TC1/html/index.htm on April 25, 2011.
Manola, F., & Miller, E. (2004). RDF primer—W3C recommendation, February 10, 2004. Accessed at http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-primer/ on April 25, 2011.
McGuinness, D.L., & van Harmelen, F. (2004). OWL web ontology language overview—W3C recommendation, February 10, 2004. Accessed at http://www.w3.org/TR/owl-features/ on April 25, 2011.
Pauwels, P., De Meyer, R., & Van Campenhout, J. (2010). Interoperability for the design and construction industry through semantic web technology. Proc. 5th Int. Conf. Semantic and Digital Media Technologies.
Pauwels, P., Van Deursen, D., Verstraeten, R., De Roo, J., De Meyer, R., Van de Walle, R., & Van Campenhout, J. (2011). A semantic rule checking environment for building performance checking. Automation in Construction 20(5), 506518.
Prud'hommeaux, E., & Seaborne, A. (2008). SPARQL query language for RDF—W3C recommendation January 15, 2008. Accessed at http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-sparql-query/ on April 25, 2011.
Rule Interchange Format (RIF) Working Group. (2010). RIF. Accessed at http://www.w3.org/2005/rules/wiki/RIF_Working_Group on April 25, 2011.
Shilane, P., Min, P., Kazhdan, M., & Funkhouser, T. (2004). The Princeton Shape Benchmark. Proc. Int. Conf. Shape Modeling International, pp. 167178.
The Stanford 3D Scanning Repository. (2010). The Stanford 3D Scanning Repository. Accessed at http://graphics.stanford.edu/data/3Dscanrep/ on April 25, 2011.
UGent Multimedialab. (2010 a). IFC-to-RDF service. Accessed at http://ninsuna.elis.ugent.be/IfcRDFService/ on April 25, 2011.
UGent Multimedialab. (2010 b). IFC/RDF SPARQL endpoint. Accessed at http://ninsuna.elis.ugent.be/SPARQLEndpoint/ on April 25, 2011.
Van Ackere, T., & De Roo, J. (2010). Rules for the conversion of 3D geometry information. Accessed at http://eulersharp.sourceforge.net/2010/05smml/ on April 25, 2011.
W3C. (2010). W3C semantic web activity. Accessed at http://www.w3.org/2001/sw/ on April 25, 2011.
Web3D Consortium. (2010). Web3D consortium | open standards for real-time 3D communication. Accessed at http://www.web3D.org/ on April 25, 2011.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

AI EDAM
  • ISSN: 0890-0604
  • EISSN: 1469-1760
  • URL: /core/journals/ai-edam
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed