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Governing the New Space Race

  • Saadia M. Pekkanen (a1)
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Abstract
Copyright
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Footnotes
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I thank the Center for Global Partnership (CGP) for financial support. I also thank all the participants at the symposium for their helpful comments, especially Matthew Stubbs, Bill Covington, Pat Kuszler, Kelli Hooke, and Dongsheng Zhang.

Footnotes
References
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2 Dave Baiocchi & William Wesler IV, The Democratization of Space, 94 Foreign Aff. 98 (2015).

3 David A. Lake, The State and International Relations, in The Oxford Handbook of International Relations 41–61 (Christian Reus-Smit & Duncan Snidal eds., 2008).

5 See Welcome to the Australian Space Agency, Australian Space Agency (Sept. 2018); Burak Ege Bekdil, Turkey Moves to Launch Space Agency, Def. News (Mar. 2, 2017); Overview, South African National Space Agency.

6 See About the Israel Space Agency, Israel Space Agency.

7 See Gov't of Luxembourg, Space Resources: Exploring New Frontiers.

10 J.I. Gabrynowicz, The “Province” and “Heritage” of Mankind Reconsidered: A New Beginning, in Lunar Bases & Space Activities of the 21st Century (W.W. Mendell ed., 1988).

11 Global Space Governance: An International Study 113–18 (Ram S. Jakhu & Joseph N. Pelton eds., 2017).

12 Jeff Foust, A Trillion-Dollar Space Industry Will Require New Markets, Spacenews (July 5, 2018).

14 Blaine Curcio & Tianyi Lan, Analysis: The Rise of China's Private Space Industry, Spacenews (May 25, 2018).

19 Aaron Gregg, Defense Giants Bet Big on Small Satellites, Wash. post (Sept. 16, 2018).

20 Jeff Foust, Deep Space Industries Acquired by Bradford Space, Spacenews (Jan. 2, 2019).

22 See SpaceX, Nusantara Satu Mission.

23 Guinness Awards Title to Hayabusa Probe, Japan Times (June 14, 2011).

25 Saki Hayashi, Japan-India ‘Space Dialogue’ to Include Surveillance Sharing, Nikkei Asian Rev. (Dec. 9, 2018).

26 Kenneth Chang, NASA Chooses Private Companies for Future Moon Landings, N.Y. Times (Nov. 29, 2018).

28 Sandra Erwin, Space Industry Hit Hard by Military Spending Downturn, Spacenews (Jan. 22, 2018).

30 Joseph Ax, SpaceX Launches First U.S. National Security Mission, Reuters (Dec. 23, 2018).

32 Jeff Foust, Rocket Lab to Launch DARPA Satellite, Spacenews (Jan. 22, 2019).

33 Werner, supra note 17.

34 Pat Host, DARPA Awards Contracts for Blackjack Small Satellite Programme, Jane's Def. Wkly. (Jan. 16, 2019).

35 Stephen M. Walt, What Sort of World Are We Headed For?, Foreign Pol'y (Oct. 10, 2018).

37 Laura Grego, A History of Anti-Satellite Programs (2012).

38 Mary Beth Griggs, Trump's Space Force Aims to Create ‘American Dominance in Space’ by 2020, Popular Sci. (Aug. 9, 2018).

39 Fabio Trronchetti, Legal Aspects of the Military Uses of Outer Space, in Handbook of Space Law 333–34 (Frans von der Dunk & Fabio Tronchetti eds., 2015).

40 See Agora: The End of Treaties, 108 AJIL Unbound 30 (2014).

42 Francis Lyall and Paul B. Larsen, Space Law: A Treatise 27–48 (2018).

43 Pitman B. Potter, International Law of Outer Space, 52 AJIL 305, 306 (1958).

44 Saadia M. Pekkanen, Agents of Design, in Asian Designs: Governance in the Contemporary World Order 1 (Saadia M. Pekkanen ed., 2016).

45 Tanja Masson-Zwaan, New States in Space, 113 AJIL Unbound 98 (2019).

46 Setsuko Aoki, Domestic Legal Conditions for Space Activities in Asia, 113 AJIL Unbound 103 (2019).

47 Paul B. Larsen, Commercial Operator Liability in the New Space Era, 113 AJIL Unbound 109 (2019).

48 Brian R. Israel, Space Resources in the Evolutionary Course of Space Lawmaking, 113 AJIL Unbound 114 (2019).

49 P.J. Blount, Space Traffic Management: Standardizing On-Orbit Behavior, 113 AJIL Unbound 120 (2019).

50 Matthew T. King & Laurie R. Blank, International Law and Security in Outer Space: Now and Tomorrow, 113 AJIL Unbound 125 (2019).

51 Myres S. McDougal & Leon Lipson, Perspectives for a Law of Outer Space, 52 AJIL 429, 429–30 (1958).

52 Pekkanen, supra note 44, at 11–16, 227–42.

I thank the Center for Global Partnership (CGP) for financial support. I also thank all the participants at the symposium for their helpful comments, especially Matthew Stubbs, Bill Covington, Pat Kuszler, Kelli Hooke, and Dongsheng Zhang.

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AJIL Unbound
  • ISSN: -
  • EISSN: 2398-7723
  • URL: /core/journals/american-journal-of-international-law
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