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The Legal Status of the Colombian Peace Agreement

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 January 2017

Laura Betancur Restrepo*
Affiliation:
Universidad de Los Andes (Bogota, Colombia)
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One of the many roles played by international law in the Colombian Peace Accord is that of guarantor—that is, creating assurances that the parties will comply with their commitments. To this end, negotiators declared that the Final Peace Accord would constitute a Special Agreement (SA) in “terms of Article 3 common to all Geneva Conventions of 1949,” which “will be introduced [in the Colombian legal system] as part of the constitutional block” and deposited “before the Swiss Federal Council.” Furthermore, they stated, “a presidential declaration will be made taking the form of a unilateral declaration of the Colombian State before the Secretary-General of the United Nations,” and its incorporation in a Resolution of the Security Council will be requested.

Type
Symposium on the Colombian Peace Talks and International Law
Copyright
Copyright © American Society of International Law 2016

References

1 Comunicado Conjunto # 69 (May 12, 2016).

2 See also, Bell, Christine, Lex Pacificatoria Colombiana: Colombia’s Peace Accord in Comparative Perspective , 110 AJIL Unbound 165 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

3 Sheeran, Scott, International Law, Peace Agreements and Self-Determination: The Case of the Sudan, 60 Int’l & Comp. L.Q. 423 (2011)Google Scholar.

4 Liesbeth Zegveld, Accountability of Armed Opposition Groups in International Law 134 (2002).

5 Roberts, Anthea & Sivakumaran, Sandesh, Lawmaking by Nonstate Actors: Engaging Armed Groups in the Creation of International Human itarian Law, 37 Yale J. Int’l L. 107 (2012)Google Scholar.

6 Corte Constitucional [C.C.] [Constitutional Court], Sentencia No. C-225/95 (Colom.).

7 Massacres of El Mozote and Nearby Places v. El Salvador, Merits, Reparations and Costs, Judgment, Inter-Am. Ct. H.R. (ser. C) No. 252, para. 284 (Oct. 25, 2012).

8 Lang, Andrej, Modus Operandi” and the ICJ’s Appraisal of the Lusaka Ceasefire Agreement in the Armed Activities Case: The Role of Peace Agreements in International Conflict Resolution , 40 N.Y.U. J. Int’l L.& Pol. 107, 109 (2008)Google Scholar.

9 Bell, Christine, Peace Agreements: Their Nature and Legal Status, 100 AJIL 373 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar; Christine Bell, On the Law of Peace: Peace Agreements and the Lex Pacificatoria (2008).

10 Sassóli, Marco, Taking Armed Groups Seriously: Ways to Improve Their Compliance with International Humanitarian Law, 1 J. Int’l Humanitarian Legal Stud. 5, 6 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

11 Ezequiel Heffes & Marcos D. Kotlik, Special Agreements Concluded by Armed Groups: Where is the Law?, Ejil: Talk! (Feb. 27, 2014).

12 Lang, supra note 8, at 162.

13 Id. at 163.

14 Heffes, Ezequiel & Kotlik, Marcos, Special agreements as a means of enhancing compliance with IHL in non-international armed conflicts: An inquiry into the governing legal regime, 96 Int’l Rev. Red Cross 1195, 1218 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

15 Commentary on Article 3: Conflicts not of an International Character, ICRC (2016).

16 ‘Timochenko’: El no en el plebiscito no tiene “efecto jurídico” porque el acuerdo ya estaba firmado, CNN (Oct. 3, 2016, 2:47 PM).

17 ¿Qué dice el Dih sobre los acuerdos especiales en el marco de un proceso de paz?, ICRC (June 20, 2016).

18 Daniel Pardo Calderón et al., Los interrogantes delblindaje jurídico” para la paz, Fip Opina (June 27, 2016).

19 ACCOLDI, IntervencióN Al Expediente D-11329 Ante La Corte Constitucional 22 (2016).

20 Commentary on Article 3: Conflicts not of an International Character, ICRC paras. 850-851 (2016).

21 For example the topic on agrarian development and on illicit drugs of the Colombian PA.

22 This is the subject of an ongoing case before the Constitutional Court (Case file D-11329).

23 FiscalíA General De La NacióN, Solicitud De Declaratoria De La Constitucionalidad Condicionada De La ExpresióN “ACUERDO”, Contenida En El Acuerdo General Para La Terminación Del Conflicto Y La ConstruccióN De Una Paz Estable Y Duradera (2016); Fiscalía General De La NacióN, Intervención Al Expediente D-11329 Ante La Corte Constitucional (2016); Francisco Barbosa, El acuerdo especial y el plebiscito, El Tiempo (Mar. 16, 2016, 4:24 PM).

24 Procuraduría General De La NacióN, Intervención Al Expediente D-11329 Ante La Corte Constitucional (2016); Alfredo Ramos, Agumentos Para Enviar A La Corte Constitucional Frente A Demanda De Constitucionalidad De La Palabra “Acuerdo” (2016).

25 Dejusticia, Intervención Al Expediente D-11329 Ante La Corte Constitucional (2016).

26 ACCOLDI, supra note 19; Daniel Pardo Calderón et al., supra note 18.

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