Skip to main content
×
×
Home

The Trump Administration's Assault on California's Global Climate Leadership

  • Ann Carlson (a1)
Extract

The Trump Administration is taking direct aim at California's global leadership on climate change. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is proposing to revoke the most effective tool California has to exercise climate leadership: its special authority under federal law to regulate tailpipe emissions more stringently than the federal government. California's use of this authority has led to the invention of automotive technology now standard around the world, including the catalytic converter. The state also used this power in 2002 to enact the globe's first greenhouse gas standards for automobiles. If the Trump Administration succeeds in revoking California's authority, California will find it very difficult to meet its ambitious 2030 greenhouse gas target. The attack on the state's authority will also undermine other states’ efforts to cut their greenhouse gas emissions as well as conventional air pollutants, since thirteen states follow California's standards in whole or in part. And the Trump Administration's revocation will undercut California's role as a green technology innovator by eliminating the strongest regulatory signal the state sends to automotive entrepreneurs. The last result is perhaps the most pernicious of all, because the state's role as a green technology leader has the capacity to help reduce greenhouse gas emissions around the world.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      The Trump Administration's Assault on California's Global Climate Leadership
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      The Trump Administration's Assault on California's Global Climate Leadership
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      The Trump Administration's Assault on California's Global Climate Leadership
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
Hide All

1 See Brian Spegele, China Engages California on Climate After Trump's Paris Snub, Wall St. J. (June 11, 2017).

3 Id.

5 See Jonathan Lansner, How California Regained Title of World's 5th Largest Economy, Mercury News (May 10, 2018).

7 For a description of the various iterations of state followed by federal standards, see Ann E. Carlson, Iterative Federalism and Climate Change, 103 Nw. L. Rev. 1097 (2009). For the ninth iteration, so-called LEV Tier 3 standards, see United States. Cars and Light-Duty Trucks: California, DieselNet.

8 See Ann Carlson, The Catalytic Converter (working draft on file with author).

9 See Carlson, supra note 7.

13 Id.

14 See Congressional Research Service et al., Vehicle Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas Standards: Frequently Asked Questions 31 (May 24, 2018).

15 See U.S. Fed. Highway Admin., Moving 12-Month Total Vehicle Miles Traveled, Travel Volume Trends.

16 U.S. Envtl. Prot. Agency, Light-Duty Vehicle CO2 and Fuel Economy Trends, Highlights of CO2 and Fuel Economy Trends; Union of Concerned Scientists, A Brief History of U.S. Fuel Economy Standards.

18 Dave Cooke, Rolling Back Vehicle Standards: By the Numbers, Union of Concerned Scientists (July 20, 2018).

19 See U.S. Energy Info. Admin., supra note 17, at 37.

22 See Cal. Air Res. Bd., California's 2017 Climate Change Scoping Plan 11 (Nov. 2017).

23 Id. at 25.

24 Id. at 28. The ZEV mandate and GHG standards are also key to California meeting federal air pollution standards. The state has two of the smoggiest air districts in the country, the South Coast Air Quality Management District and the San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District, both out of compliance with federal standards for ozone and fine particulates. Stringent standards for vehicles are the most important means to reduce particulate and nitrogen oxide pollution.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

AJIL Unbound
  • ISSN: -
  • EISSN: 2398-7723
  • URL: /core/journals/american-journal-of-international-law
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed