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The city of Hartapu: results of the Türkmen-Karahöyük Intensive Survey Project

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  02 July 2020

James F. Osborne*
Affiliation:
University of Chicago, USA
Michele Massa
Affiliation:
British Institute at Ankara, UK
Fatma Şahin
Affiliation:
Çukurova University, Turkey
Hüseyin Erpehlivan
Affiliation:
Bilecik University, Turkey
Christoph Bachhuber
Affiliation:
University of OxfordUK
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Abstract

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The Türkmen-Karahöyük Intensive Survey Project (TISP) has identified the archaeological site of Türkmen-Karahöyük on the Konya plain as a previously unknown Iron Age capital city in the western region of Tabal. Surface collections and newly discovered inscriptional evidence indicate that this city is the early first-millennium royal seat of ‘Great King Hartapu’, long known from the enigmatic monuments of nearby Kizildağ and Karadağ. In addition to demonstrating this Iron Age city's existence, supported principally by (1) the site's size at the time and (2) the discovery of a royal inscription authored by Hartapu himself, TISP has documented the site's existence from the Late Chalcolithic period until the late first millennium BCE, with a maximum size reached between the Late Bronze and Iron Age periods, suggesting that the city was at its greatest extent and the regional political centre from at least the late second to the mid-first millennium BCE.

Özet

Özet

Türkmen-Karahöyük Yoğunlaştirilmis Yüzey Arastirmasi Projesi (TISP), Konya Ovasi'nda yer alan Türkmen-Karahöyük arkeolojik yerleşmesini Tabal bölgesinin batisinda konumlanmiş ve daha önceden bilinmeyen bir Demir Çaği merkezi olarak tanimlamaktadir. Yüzey seramikleri ve yeni keşfedilen yazili kanitlar göstermektedir ki kent erken birinci binyilda, ismi uzun süredir Kizildağ ve Karadağ'daki gizemli anitlardan bilinen Kral Hartapu'nun kralliğinin merkezidir. Demir Çaği kentinin varliğinin kanitlanmasina ek olarak, yerleşmenin dönemsel boyutlari (1) ve Hartapu'nun kendisi tarafindan yazdirilmiş bir kraliyet yazitinin keşfi (2), TISP tarafindan belgelenen Geç Kalkolitik Dönem'den geç birinci binyila kadar yerleşimin varliğini sürdürmesi arasinda, Geç Tunç Çaği ve Demir Çaği'nda en geniş boyutlarina ulaşmasi ile desteklenmesinin ardindan, kentin en geniş boyutlarindayken yani geç ikinci binyildan, birinci binyilin ortalarina kadar bölgesel bir merkez olduğu önerilmektedir.

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© British Institute at Ankara 2020
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