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The recent contribution of scientific techniques to the study of Nokalakevi in Samegrelo, Georgia

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  07 May 2021

Paul Everill*
Affiliation:
University of Winchester, UK
Nikoloz Murgulia
Affiliation:
Georgian National Museum, Georgia
Davit Lomitashvili
Affiliation:
National Agency for Cultural Heritage Preservation of Georgia, Georgia
Ian Colvin
Affiliation:
University of Cambridge, UK
Besik Lortkipanidze
Affiliation:
Georgian National Museum, Georgia
Jean-Luc Schwenninger
Affiliation:
University of Oxford, UK
Gordon Cook
Affiliation:
University of Glasgow, UK
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Abstract

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The site of Nokalakevi, in western Georgia, has seen significant excavation since 1973, including, since 2001, a collaborative Anglo-Georgian project. However, the interpretation of the site has largely rested on architectural analysis of standing remains and the relative dating of deposits based on the study of ceramics. Since 2013, the Anglo-Georgian Expedition to Nokalakevi has collected a diverse dataset derived from multiple scientific techniques including optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating of ceramics, radiocarbon dating, δ13C and δ15N analysis and 87Sr/86Sr analysis. The full results of these analyses are reported here for the first time along with implications for the interpretation of the archaeology, which include greater detail in the site chronology but also indicators of diet and migration.

Özet

Özet

Batı Gürcistan’daki Nokalakevi yerleşim yerinde, 2001’de başlamiş olan bir İngiliz-Gürcü ortak projesi de dahil olmak üzere, 1973’ten beri önemli kazılar yapılmıştır. Bununla birlikte, yerleşimin yorumlanması büyük ölçüde ayakta kalmış olan kalıntıların mimari analizine ve seramik çalışmalarına dayanarak yapılmış olan, tabakaların göreceli tarihlendirmesine dayanmaktadir. Nokalakevi’de yapılan İngiliz-Gürcü ortak kazıları 2013’ten bu yana seramikleri, optik uyarmalı lüminesans (OSL) tarihlemesi, radyokarbon tarihlemesi, δ13C ve δ15N analizi ve 87Sr/86Sr analizleri dahil olmak üzere birçok bilimsel teknikten yararlanarak incelemiş ve çeşitli verilere ulaşmıştir. Bu analizlerin tam sonuçları, arkeolojinin yorumlanmasına yönelik çıkarımlarla birlikte ilk kez burada rapor edilmektedir. Bu rapor, yerleşimin kronolojisiyle ilgili daha fazla ayrıntıya ve aynı zamanda beslenme ve göç göstergelerini de içeren bazı çıkarımlara sahiptir.

Type
Research Article
Creative Commons
Creative Common License - CCCreative Common License - BY
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Copyright
© The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of the British Institute at Ankara
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