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Gender and Health Among the Colonial Maya of Tipu, Belize

  • Marie Elaine Danforth (a1), Keith P. Jacobi (a2) and Mark Nathan Cohen (a3)


The health of the Colonial-period Maya from Tipu, Belize, was evaluated using a skeletal series to explore differential effects of European contact by sex. Variables addressed were nutrition and disease patterns, reproductive patterns, and occupational stress. Results suggest that females enjoyed fewer childhood health disruptions, likely as a result of greater genetic buffering. No evidence of male preferential treatment was observed. Frequencies of indicators were similar to those reported for precontact Maya. Markers of adult activity patterns, including timing of parity, were also comparable to those of earlier groups. These findings support the cultural continuity with the Postclassic suggested by the archaeological and ethnohistorical records at Tipu.



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Ancient Mesoamerica
  • ISSN: 0956-5361
  • EISSN: 1469-1787
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