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  • Jeb J. Card (a1) and Marc Zender (a2)

Late Classic interaction between Copan and western El Salvador has been archaeologically recognized in prestige items, monumental influences, and the common use of Copador ceramics. An inscribed flask excavated in 1952 in the main pyramid at Tazumal, El Salvador provides historical evidence for these ties. The flask is dedicated as the property of K'ahk' Uti' Witz' K'awiil (Copan Ruler 12), a long-lived seventh-century ruler who presided over the expansion of Copan's influence far outside of the Copan valley. The flask is the only hieroglyphic text from El Salvador naming a recognizable individual or that can be dated to an absolute calendrical span, one of only a few miniature Classic Maya vessels tagged with an individual's name, and the only one naming an ajaw (lord). The vessel's text, iconography, and context brings the political relationship between Copan and western El Salvador into sharper focus.

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Antonia E. Foias 2013 Ancient Maya Political Dynamics. Maya Studies. University Press of Florida, Gainesville.

John S. Justeson , and Terrence Kaufman 1993 A Decipherment of Epi-Olmec Writing. Science 259:17031711.

Jennifer A. Loughmiller-Cardinal , and Dimitri Zagorevski 2016 Mayan Flasks: The “Home” of Tobacco and Godly Substances. Ancient Mesoamerica 27:111.

Robert J. Sharer 1974 The Prehistory of the Southeastern Maya Periphery. Current Anthropology 15:165187.

Dmitri V. Zagorevski , and Jennifer A. Loughmiller-Newman 2011 The detection of nicotine in a Late Mayan period flask by gas chromatography and liquid chromatography mass spectrometry methods. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 26:403411.

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Ancient Mesoamerica
  • ISSN: 0956-5361
  • EISSN: 1469-1787
  • URL: /core/journals/ancient-mesoamerica
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