Kinne, Jörg 2016. Avian Medicine.
Komorizono, Ryo Makino, Akiko Horie, Masayuki Honda, Tomoyuki and Tomonaga, Keizo 2016. Sequence determination of a new parrot bornavirus-5 strain in Japan: implications of clade-specific sequence diversity in the regions interacting with host factors. Microbiology and Immunology, Vol. 60, Issue. 6, p. 437.
Pendl •, Helene and Tizard, Ian 2016. Current Therapy in Avian Medicine and Surgery.
Torres-Castro, Marco Noh-Pech, Henry Gutiérrez-Ruiz, Edwin García-Rejón, Julián Machain-Williams, Carlos Zavala-Castro, Jorge and Puerto, Fernando I. 2016. First Serological Evidence of Borna Disease Virus in Healthy Horses from Yucatan, Mexico. Advances in Microbiology, Vol. 06, Issue. 07, p. 489.
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Bourque, Laura Laniesse, Delphine Beaufrère, Hugues Pastor, Adriana Ojkic, Davor and Smith, Dale A. 2015. Identification of avian bornavirus in a Himalayan monal (Lophophorus impejanus) with neurological disease. Avian Pathology, Vol. 44, Issue. 4, p. 323.
Farrukh, A. and Mayberry, J. F. 2015. Achalasia: an epidemiology update. Esophagus, Vol. 12, Issue. 2, p. 170.
Guo, Jianhua Tizard, Ian Baroch, John Shivaprasad, H. L. and Payne, Susan L. 2015. Avian Bornaviruses in North American Gulls. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, Vol. 51, Issue. 3, p. 754.
Long, Maureen T. 2015. Equine Neurology.
Sassa, Yukiko Bui, Vuong Nghia Saitoh, Keisuke Watanabe, Yukiko Koyama, Satoshi Endoh, Daiji Horie, Masayuki Tomonaga, Keizo Furuya, Tetsuya Nagai, Makoto Omatsu, Tsutomu Imai, Kunitoshi Ogawa, Haruko and Mizutani, Tetsuya 2015. Parrot bornavirus-2 and -4 RNA detected in wild bird samples in Japan are phylogenetically adjacent to those found in pet birds in Japan. Virus Genes, Vol. 51, Issue. 2, p. 234.
Thomsen, Anders F. Nielsen, Jesper B. Hjulsager, Charlotte K. Chriél, Mariann Smith, Dale A. and Bertelsen, Mads F. 2015. Aquatic Bird Bornavirus 1 in Wild Geese, Denmark. Emerging Infectious Diseases, Vol. 21, Issue. 12, p. 2201.
Delnatte, Pauline Mak, Matthew Ojkic, Davor Raghav, Raj DeLay, Josepha and Smith, Dale A. 2014. Detection of Avian bornavirus in multiple tissues of infected psittacine birds using real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, Vol. 26, Issue. 2, p. 266.
Delnatte, Pauline Nagy, Éva Ojkic, Davor Leishman, David Crawshaw, Graham Elias, Kyle and Smith, Dale A. 2014. AVIAN BORNAVIRUS IN FREE-RANGING WATERFOWL: PREVALENCE OF ANTIBODIES AND CLOACAL SHEDDING OF VIRAL RNA. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, Vol. 50, Issue. 3, p. 512.
Delnatte, Pauline Nagy, Éva Ojkic, Davor Crawshaw, Graham and Smith, Dale A. 2014. Investigation into the possibility of vertical transmission of avian bornavirus in free-ranging Canada geese (Branta canadensis). Avian Pathology, Vol. 43, Issue. 4, p. 301.
Guo, Jianhua Shivaprasad, H L Rech, Raquel R Heatley, Jill J Tizard, Ian and Payne, Susan 2014. Characterization of a new genotype of avian bornavirus from wild ducks. Virology Journal, Vol. 11, Issue. 1,
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He, Mei An, Tie-Zhu and Teng, Chun-Bo 2014. Evolution of mammalian and avian bornaviruses. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, Vol. 79, p. 385.
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Björnsdóttir, Sigríður Agustsdóttir, Elfa Blomström, Anne-Lie Öström, Inga-Lena Örde Berndtsson, Louise Treiberg Svansson, Vilhjálmur and Wensman, Jonas Johansson 2013. Serological markers of Bornavirus infection found in horses in Iceland. Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica, Vol. 55, Issue. 1, p. 77.
In 2008, avian bornaviruses (ABV) were identified as the cause of proventricular dilatation disease (PDD). PDD is a significant condition of captive parrots first identified in the late 1970s. ABV infection has subsequently been shown to be widespread in wild waterfowl across the United States and Canada where the virus infects 10–20% of some populations of ducks, geese and swans. In most cases birds appear to be healthy and unaffected by the presence of the virus; however, infection can also result in severe non-suppurative encephalitis and lesions similar to those seen in parrots with PDD. ABVs are genetically diverse with seven identified genotypes in parrots and one in canaries. A unique goose genotype (ABV-CG) predominates in waterfowl in Canada and the northern United States. ABV appears to be endemic in North American waterfowl, in comparison to what appears to be an emerging disease in parrots. It is not known whether ABV can spread between waterfowl and parrots. The discovery of ABV infection in North American waterfowl suggests that European waterfowl should be evaluated for the presence of ABV, and also as a possible reservoir species for Borna disease virus (BDV), a related neurotropic virus affecting horses and sheep in central Europe. Although investigations have suggested that BDV is likely derived from a wildlife reservoir, for which the shrew and water vole are currently prime candidates, we suggest that the existence of other mammalian and avian reservoirs should not be discounted.
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