Skip to main content Accesibility Help
×
×
Home

Absorption of immunoglobulin from colostrum in newborn calves

  • V. Kruse (a1)
Summary

One hundred and forty-one calves, belonging to three different breeds, were each given one single feeding of a variable amount of colostrum from their dams at the age of 2, 6, 10, 14 or 20 hr, respectively.

The increase in serum Ig concentration during the first 24 hr after colostrum feeding (Δ Ig % 24) was a function of the mass of Ig fed to the calf, the age at colostrum feeding, and the birth weight of the calf. Among these three factors the mass of Ig and the age of the calf were the two predominant factors. The absorption coefficient, expressing the absorbed fraction of a given amount of Ig, was primarily determined by the age of the calf at first feeding. Thus the absorption coefficient was reduced linearly to about half by delaying the feeding from 2 to 20 hr. Except for a negative effect of increasing amounts of colostrum in one of the breeds, no other factors were detected as responsible for variation in the efficiency of Ig absorption. Thus, the absorption coefficient appeared to be unaffected by the Ig % in the colostrum and also by the quantity of Ig given to the calf.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Aalund, O. 1968. Heterogeneity of ruminant immunoglobulins. Diss. 139 pp. Munks-gaard, Copenhagen.
Aschaffenburg, R. 1949. The nutritive value of colostrum for the calf. 3. Changes in the serum protein of the newborn calf following the ingestion of small quantities of the non-fatty fraction. Br. J. Nutr. 3: 200204.
Clark, S. L. 1959. The ingestion of proteins and colloidal materials by columnar absorptive cells of the small intestine in suckling rats and mice. J. biophys. biochem. Cytol. 5: 4150.
Dixon, W. J. (Editor). 1965. BMD Biomedical Computing Programs. 620 pp. University of California, Los Angeles.
Fey, H. and Margadant, A. 1961. [Hypogammaglobulinaemia in calf E. coli septicaemia.] Pathologia Microbiol. 24: 970976.
Gay, C. C., Anderson, N., Fisher, E. W. and Mcewan, A. D. 1965. Gamma globulin levels and neonatal mortality in market calves. Vet. Rec. 77: 148149.
Gütte, J. O., Heise, K., Helfferich, B. and Vemmer, H. 1967. [The influence of colostrum ingestion on the drop in blood hemoglobin during the first days of life in piglets.] Z. Tierphysiol. Tierernähr. Futtermittelk. 23: 8891.
Halliday, R. 1959. The effect of steroid hormones on the absorption of antibody by the young rat. J. Endocr. 18: 5666.
Halliday, and Mihailovič, . Cited by Halliday, R.. 1968. Serum gamma globulin levels in dead lambs from hill flocks. Anitn. Prod. 10: 177182.
Klaus, G. G. B., Bennett, A. and Jones, E. W. 1969. A quantitative study of the transfer of colostral immunoglobulins to the newborn calf. Immunology 16: 293299.
Kruse, V. 1970a. Yield of colostrum and immunoglobulin in cattle at the first milking after parturition. Anim. Prod. 12: 619626.
Kruse, V. 1970b. A note on the estimation by simulation technique of the optimal colostrum dose and feeding time at first feeding after the calf's birth. Anim. Prod. 12:661664.
Kruse, V. and Neimann-Sørensen, A. 1966. [Observations on baby calves bought for fattening.] Forsøgslab. årbog 1966: 353354.
Mccance, R. A. and Widdowson, E. M. 1959. The effect of colostrum on the composition and volume of the plasma of newborn piglets. J. Physiol., Lond. 145: 547550.
Mach, J.-P., Pahud, J.-J. and Isliker, H. 1969. IgA with ‘secretory piece’ in bovine colostrum and saliva. Nature, Lond. 223: 952955.
Mcdougall, D. F. and Mulligan, W. 1969. The distribution and metabolism of fast IgG immunoglobulin in the neonatal calf. J. Physiol., Lond. 201: 7778P.
Mcewan, A. D., Fisher, E. W. and Selman, I. E. 1968. The effect of colostrum on the volume and composition of the plasma of calves. Res. vet. Sci. 9: 284286.
Payne, L. C. and Marsh, C. L. 1962. Gamma globulin absorption in the baby pig: The nonselective absorption of heterologous globulins and factors influencing absorption time. J. Nutr. 76: 151158.
Smith, H. W., O'Neil, J. A. and Simmons, E. J. 1967. The immune globulin content of the serum of calves in England. Vet. Rec. 80: 664666.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Animal Science
  • ISSN: 1357-7298
  • EISSN: 1748-748X
  • URL: /core/journals/animal-science
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed