Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

The development of harmful social behaviour in pigs with intact tails and different enrichment backgrounds in two housing systems

  • H. A. Van de Weerd (a1), C. M. Docking (a2), J. E. L. Day (a2) and S. A. Edwards (a1)
Abstract
Abstract

The present study compared the performance and development of adverse behaviours of pigs with intact tails, when housed in a straw-bedded system or a part-slatted system enriched with a commercial device. The pigs had previously received different enrichment treatments (rooting box, liquid dispenser, straw bedding or none), either in the farrowing crate or with their lactating dam or post weaning. The pigs were mixed in groups at 10 weeks of age and from then on, every 2 weeks, behavioural observations were performed, focusing mainly on harmful social behaviour and enrichment use. The study showed that pigs with undocked tails can be at high risk of tail biting in part-slatted systems, whereas the straw bedding prevented the development of tail biting. The immediate effects of the environment seemed to exert a greater influence on the development of adverse behaviour than early life enrichment and adding a simple enrichment device could not compensate for the deficiencies in the barren environment of the part-slatted system. In order to prevent vice, functional design of environmental enrichment is required.

Copyright
Corresponding author
E-mail: heleen.vandeweerd@adas.co.uk
Footnotes
Hide All
Pig and Poultry Research Group, ADAS Gleadthorpe, Meden Vale, Mansfield, Nottinghamshire, NG20 9PF, UK.
Footnotes
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

D. S. Arey and M. F. Franklin 1995. Effects of straw and unfamiliarity on fighting between newly mixed growing pigs. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 45: 2330.

V. E. Beattie , N. E. O'Connell and B. W. Moss 2000. Influence of environmental enrichment on the behaviour, performance and meat quality of domestic pigs. Livestock Production Science 65: 7179.

V. E. Beattie , I. A. Sneddon , N. Walker and R. N. Weatherup 2001. Environmental enrichment of intensive pig housing using spent mushroom compost. Animal Science 72: 3542.

V. E. Beattie , N. Walker and I. A. Sneddon 1996. Influence of maternal experience on pig behaviour. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 46: 159166.

J. K. Blackshaw 1981. Some behavioural deviations in weaned domestic pigs: persistent inguinal nose thrusting, and tail and ear biting. Animal Production 33: 325332.

K. Breuer , M. E. M. Sutcliffe , J. T. Mercer , K. A. Rance , V. E. Beattie , I. A. Sneddon and S. A. Edwards 2003. The effect of breed on the development of adverse social behaviours in pigs. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 84: 5974.

J. E. L. Da , A. Burfoot , C. M. Docking , X. Whittaker , H. A. M. Spoolder and S. A. Edwards 2002. The effects of prior experience of straw and the level of straw provision on the behaviour of growing pigs. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 76: 189202.

J. E. L. Day , I. Kyriazakis and A. B. Lawrence 1996. An investigation into the causation of chewing behaviour in growing pigs: the role of exploration and feeding motivation. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 48: 4759.

D. Fraser 1983/84. The role of behavior in swine production: a review of research. Applied Animal Ethology 11: 317339.

D. Fraser 1985. Selection of bedded and unbedded areas by pigs in relation to environmental temperature and behaviour. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 14: 117126.

D. Fraser , P. A. Phillips , B. K. Thompson and T. Tennessen 1991.Effect of straw on the behaviour of growing pigs. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 30: 307318.

J. H. Guy , P. Rowlinson , J. P. Chadwick and M. Ellis 2002. Growth performance and carcass characteristics of two genotypes of growing-finishing pig in three different housing systems. Animal Science 74: 493502.

P. H. Hemsworth , J. L. Barnett , C. Hansen and H. W. Gonyou 1986. The influence of early contact with humans on subsequent behavioural response of pigs to humans. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 15: 5563.

E. J. Hunter , T. A. Jones , H. J. Guise , R. H. C. Penny and S. Hoste 2001. The relationship between tail biting in pigs, docking procedure and other management practices. The Veterinary Journal 161: 7279.

M. B. Jensen , I. Kyriazakis and A. B. Lawrence 1993. The activity and straw directed behaviour of pigs offered foods with different crude protein content. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 37: 211221.

I. C. Jong de , E. D. Ekkel , J. A. Burgwal van de , E. Lambooij , S. M. Korte , M. A. W. Ruis , J. M. Koolhaas and H. J. Blokhuis 1998. Effects of strawbedding on physiological responses to stressors and behavior in growing pigs. Physiology and Behavior 64: 303310.

C. A. P. Lyons , J. M. Bruce , V. R. Fowler and P. R. English 1995. A comparison of productivity and welfare of growing pigs in four intensive systems. Livestock Production Science 43: 265274.

A. J. McKinnon , S. A. Edwards , D. B. Stephens and D. E. Walters 1989. Behaviour of groups of weaner pigs in three different housing systems. British Veterinary Journal 145: 367372.

C. Moinard , M. Mendl , C. J. Nicol and L. E. Green 2003. A case control study of on-farm risk factors for tail biting in pigs. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 81: 333355.

C. A. Morgan , L. A. Deans , A. B. Lawrence and B. L. Nielsen 1998. The effects of straw bedding on the feeding and social behaviour of growing pigs fed by means of single-space feeders. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 58: 2333.

G. P. Pearce , A. M. Paterson and A. N. Pearce 1989. The influence of pleasant and unpleasant handling and the provision of toys on the growth and behaviour of male pigs. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 23: 2737.

V. Petersen , H. B. Simonsen and L. G. Lawson 1995. The effect of environmental stimulation on the development of behaviour in pigs. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 45: 215224.

A. L. Schaefer , M. O. Salomons , A. K. W. Tong , A. P. Sather and P. Lepage 1990. The effect of environment enrichment on aggression in newly weaned pigs. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 27: 4152.

D. L. Schrøder-Petersen and H. B. Simonsen 2001. Tail biting in pigs. Veterinary Journal 162: 196210.

H. A. Van de Weerd , C. M. Docking , J. E. L. Day , P. J. Avery and S. A. Edwards 2003. A systematic approach towards developing environmental enrichment for pigs. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 84: 101118.

S. A. Weaver , F. X. Aherne , M. J. Meaney , A. L. Schaefer and W. T. Dxon 2000. Neonatal handling permanently alters hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis function, behaviour, and body weight in boars. Journal of Endocrinology 164: 349359.

R. J. Young , J. Carruthers and A. B. Lawrence 1994. The effect of a foraging device (the ‘Edinburgh Foodball’) on the behaviour of pigs. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 39: 237247.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Animal Science
  • ISSN: 1357-7298
  • EISSN: 1748-748X
  • URL: /core/journals/animal-science
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 13 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 712 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 22nd September 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.